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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(4): 489-497, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246655

RESUMO

Objective: This prospective study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of different restorative materials in primary molars with class II carious lesions. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 class II carious lesions (with radiographic involvement of the outer half of dentin) in 30 patients were randomly divided into four groups and restored with a glass ionomer restorative system (Equia™), two different bulk-fill composites (Sonicfill™ and X-tra fil™), and a nanohybrid composite (Filtek Z550™). The restorations were clinically and radiographically evaluated at the baseline, and 3, 6, and 12 months according to the modified United States Public Health Service criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using Pearson's Chi-square and McNemar tests. Results: After 1 year, 134 restorations were evaluated in 26 patients. Equia was statistically less successful than the other restorative materials in marginal adaptation and retention criteria (P < 0.05). However, no material was found to be superior to the others over the study period in marginal discoloration, color matching, secondary caries, anatomical form, and postoperative sensitivity (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The bulk-fill and conventional composites exhibited good clinical performance, and Equia exhibited minor changes over the 1-year trial period.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Dióxido de Silício , Adaptação Fisiológica , Biometria , Criança , Cor , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Materiais Dentários , Dentina , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Dente Decíduo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190544, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348440

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the influence of three levels of dental structure loss on stress distribution and bite load in root canal-treated young molar teeth that were filled with bulk-fill resin composite, using finite element analysis (FEA) to predict clinical failure. Methodology Three first mandibular molars with extensive caries lesions were selected in teenager patients. The habitual occlusion bite force was measured using gnathodynamometer before and after endodontic/restoration procedures. The recorded bite forces were used as input for patient-specific FEA models, generated from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans of the teeth before and after treatment. Loads were simulated using the contact loading of the antagonist molars selected based on the CT scans and clinical evaluation. Pre and post treatment bite forces (N) in the 3 patients were 30.1/136.6, 34.3/133.4, and 47.9/124.1. Results Bite force increased 260% (from 36.7±11.6 to 131.9±17.8 N) after endodontic and direct restoration. Before endodontic intervention, the stress concentration was located in coronal tooth structure; after rehabilitation, the stresses were located in root dentin, regardless of the level of tooth structure loss. The bite force used on molar teeth after pulp removal during endodontic treatment resulted in high stress concentrations in weakened tooth areas and at the furcation. Conclusion Extensive caries negatively affected the bite force. After pulp removal and endodontic treatment, stress and strain concentrations were higher in the weakened dental structure. Root canal treatment associated with direct resin composite restorative procedure could restore the stress-strain conditions in permanent young molar teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente Molar , Dente não Vital/terapia , Criança , Força Compressiva , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resistência à Tração , Dente não Vital/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(1): 18-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929202

RESUMO

Aim: This study evaluated the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of an orthodontic adhesive to water-aged composite surfaces using different surface treatments. Subjects and Methods: Twelve composite blocks (10 mm × 10 mm × 5 mm) were fabricated and randomly divided into two groups. Half of the specimens were stored in distilled water for 1 day, and the other specimens were stored for 30 days. The specimens were randomly assigned to six groups according to surface treatments (n = 15): Group 1, control (no treatment); Group 2, phosphoric acid; Group 3, diamond bur; Group 4, diamond bur + phosphoric acid; Group 5, laser; and Group 6, laser + phosphoric acid. One coat of orthodontic adhesive was bonded to one surface of composite blocks, and a microhybrid composite resin was bonded to the surfaces via a Teflon mold. Bond strength was evaluated using an MTBS test. Surface topography was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance, Tamhane post-hoc test, and independent sample t-tests (P < 0.05). Results: Bond strength values tended to decrease in all groups (with the exception of Group 2) after storage in water for 30 days (P < 0.05). Laser and diamond bur application (with or without phosphoric acid) enhanced the bond strength. Conclusions: An Er,Cr:YSGG laser application may be a feasible alternative to diamond bur for enhancing the bond strength of orthodontic adhesive to composite resin.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários/química , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Resistência à Tração , Água/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Ácidos Fosfóricos/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e099, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778471

RESUMO

The aim of this clinical trial was to compare the 5-year cumulative survival of atraumatic restorative treatment restorations using high-viscosity glass-ionomer restorations (ART/HVGIC) and conventional resin composite restorations (CRT) placed in patients with intellectual and/or physical disability. Patients referred for restorative care to a special care service in Córdoba, Argentina, were recruited. Patients and/or caregivers were provided with written and verbal information regarding treatment options and selected the alternative they preferred. The treatment protocols were ART (hand instruments/HVGIC) in the clinic or CRT (rotary instrumentation/resin composite) in the clinic or under general anaesthesia (GA). Two independent, trained and calibrated examiners evaluated restoration survival using established ART codes after 6, 12, 24, 36 and 60 months. The proportional hazard model with frailty corrections provided survival estimates. Jackknife errors were used to test 5-year results. Sixty-six patients (13.6 ± 7.8 years) with 16 different medical conditions participated. CRT in the clinic proved feasible for five patients (13%), and 14 patients received CRT under GA (21%). ART was provided for 47 patients (71.2%). A total number of 298 dentine carious lesions were restored in primary and permanent teeth (182 ART; 116 CRT). Four patients died between the 3 and 5-year follow up. Percentage survival and jackknife standard error were calculated and were significantly higher for all ART/HVGIC restorations (90.2% ± 2.6) than for all CRT restorations (82.8% ± 5.3), 5 years after placement (p=0.044). These 5-year follow-up results confirm that ART/HVGIC is an effective treatment protocol for patients with disability, equal to that of conventional resin composite restoration. The results of this clinical trial support the use of ART as an evidence-based treatment resource contributing to the reduction of inequalities in access to oral health care among people with disability.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/métodos , Restauração Dentária Temporária/métodos , Pessoas com Deficiência , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resinas Compostas/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Viscosidade , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180678, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Bulk-fill restorative materials such as bulk-fill composite resins and high viscous glass ionomer cements have become very popular materials in operative dentistry because their application is easy and time-saving. The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the clinical performance of a highly viscous reinforced glass ionomer material, a bulk-fill composite resin and a micro hybrid composite resin in Class II restorations. METHODOLOGY: In total, 109 Class II restorations were performed in 54 patients using three different restorative materials: Charisma Smart Composite (CSC); Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative (FBF); Equia Forte Fil (EF). Single Bond Universal adhesive (3M ESPE, Germany) was used with composite resin restorations. The restorations were evaluated using modified USPHS criteria in terms of retention, color match, marginal discoloration, anatomic form, contact point, marginal adaptation, secondary caries, postoperative sensitivity and surface texture. The data were analyzed using Chi-Square, Fischer's and McNemar's tests. RESULTS: At the end of one year, 103 restorations were followed up. No changes were observed during the first 6 months. At the end of one year, there were small changes in composite restorations (FBF and CSC) but no statistically significant difference was observed between the clinical performances of these materials for all criteria (p>0.05). However, there was a statistically significant difference between EF, FBF and CSC groups in all parameters except marginal discoloration, secondary caries and postoperative sensitivity in one-year evaluation (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Bulk-fill composite resins and conventional composite resins showed more successful clinical performance than highly viscous reinforced glass ionomers in Class II cavities.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Distribuição por Sexo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33(0): e089, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531552

RESUMO

The objectives of this double-blind randomized clinical trial were to compare (a) the clinical times and (b) the occurrence and severity of postoperative sensitivity, of posterior restoration that used a universal adhesive, in a self-etch or selective enamel-etching technique, along with incremental or bulk-fill composites (presented in syringes or capsules). A total of 295 posterior restorations were placed according to the following groups: SETB - self-etch/bulk-fill in syringe; SETC - self-etch/bulk-fill in capsules; SETI - self-etch/incremental; SEEB - selective enamel-etching/bulk-fill in syringe; SEEC - selective enamel-etching/bulk-fill in capsules; and SEEI - selective enamel-etching/incremental. Clinical time was assessed by a reason (s/mm3) between the total volume of resin inserted and the total time required to perform the restorations. Postoperative sensitivity was evaluated using two scales (Numeric Rating Scale and Visual Analogue Scale). Mean clinical time results, analyzed by Wald's Chi-square, showed significant statistical differences among all groups (p<0.001), indicating that the restorative strategy affected the time required for the restoration. A generalized estimating equation model statistical analysis, performed to compare postoperative sensitivity, showed that neither the restorative technique, the adhesive strategy nor the presentation mode of the bulk-fill composite affected the overall risk of postoperative sensitivity (4.06 [2.22-6.81]). The use of bulk-fill composite, presented in capsules or syringes, is less time consuming and does not increase the risk or intensity of postoperative sensitivity relative to the traditional incremental technique.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/efeitos adversos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Cápsulas , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Seringas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e54, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365703

RESUMO

The aim of present study was to estimate the occurrence and associated factors for replacement of amalgam posterior restorations. A representative sample of all 5,914 births from the 1982 in Pelotas birth cohort study was prospectively investigated, and the posterior restorations were assessed at 24 (n = 720) and 31 years of age (n = 539). Individual-level variables, i.e., demographic characteristics, socio-economic factors, oral health conditions and use of dental services, were collected from different waves of the cohort. Tooth-level variables included dental group, estimated time in mouth of each amalgam restoration, and number of restored dental surfaces. Thus, 246 individuals presented 718 amalgam restorations at 24 years of age. After 7 seven years of follow-up, 18.9% of these restorations had been replaced with composite resins. Multilevel Poisson regression models showed that, compared to white individuals, blacks presented a lower risk of replacement of amalgam restorations for composite resins (IRR - 0.39 [0.16-0.95]). Individuals with high educational level at age 31 showed an increased likelihood of replacement of amalgam restorations. Therefore, skin color affects the replacement of amalgam for composite resin in posterior restorations.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Amálgama Dentário/uso terapêutico , Reparação de Restauração Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Pigmentação da Pele , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Estética Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição de Poisson , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180631, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Extensive restorations in posterior teeth always bring doubts to the clinicians regarding the best protocol, mainly when structures of reinforcement were lost. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of beveling on the fracture resistance and pattern of class II (MOD) restored teeth. METHODOLOGY: Ninety human premolars were randomly assigned into 9 groups: CTR (control/sound); NC (cavity preparation, non-restored); RU (restored, unbeveled); RTB (restored, entire angle beveling); RPB (restored, partial/occlusal beveling); EC (endodontic access/EA, non-restored); EU (EA, unbeveled); ETB (EA, entire angle beveling); EPB (EA, partial/occlusal beveling). Teeth were restored with Esthet X resin composite and stored in distilled water for 24 h before the inclusion in PVC cylinders. The axial loading tests were performed with 500 kgF at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed until fracture of the specimens. Fracture resistance and pattern were accessed and data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Mean (±SD) failure loads ranged from 136.56 (11.62) to 174.04 (43.5) kgF in the groups tested without endodontic access. For endodontically accessed teeth, fracture resistance ranged from 95.54 (13.05) to 126.51 (19.88) kgF. Beveling of the cavosurface angle promoted the highest fracture resistance values (p<0.05) and prevented catastrophic fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Cavosurface angle beveling is capable of improving fracture resistance and pattern for both endodonticaly accessed and non-accessed teeth.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Análise de Variância , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Distribuição Aleatória , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Dent ; 88: 103163, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although there is some consensus that carious lesions in early stages (non-cavitated) could be treated using sealants, neither the type of materials nor their use in lesions with localized enamel breakdown (microcavitated) has been reported To compare the efficacy of resin or glass ionomer (GI) sealants in arresting microcavitated carious lesions (ICDAS 3) in first permanent molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 41 healthy 6 to 11-year-old children. At the baseline examination, each subject had at least one carious lesion classified as ICDAS 3 on the first permanent molar. One hundred fifty-one lesions were randomized into: Group 1: resin sealants (76 lesions) and Group 2: GI sealant (75 lesions). Carious lesion progression was assessed clinically and radiographically. Progression and retention failure were the outcomes used for group comparisons at p-value<0.05. RESULTS: After a two-year follow-up, only one lesion progressed to ICDAS 5, without statistically significant differences between the groups (χ2(1) = 0.90, p = 0.53). Radiographically, 100 lesions (98%) were arrested and 2 (2%) showed radiographic progression, without differences between groups (χ2(1) = 0.93, p = 0.93). At 2 years, complete retention was observed in 77% of the resin-based and in 83% of the GI sealants, without statistical differences between type of sealant (χ2(1) = 0.71, p = 0.48). The multilevel mixed model demonstrated that location and type of sealant did not affect retention rates (χ2(1) = 24,98, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Sealing ICDAS 3 carious lesions in permanent molars appears to be effective in arresting lesions after a two-year follow-up. Clinicaltrials.gov: RCTICDAS3/2015. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Minimally invasive approaches for carious lesion management have been promoted. Using sealants for the treatment of microcavitated lesions (ICDAS 3) appears predictable in the routine practice, without predilection for resin or glass ionomer materials. In addition to preserving tooth structure, this strategy reduces chair-time, dental fear and costs, and increases coverage to dental care.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Criança , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Humanos , Dente Molar/patologia , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/química , Dióxido de Silício
10.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(6): 782-789, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187762

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the fracture strength and cuspal deflection of endodontically treated premolars restored using different composite resins along with or without fiber post application. Materials and Method: Eighty intact premolars were randomly divided into eight groups (n = 10); CO group: intact teeth (control), OPR group: mesio-occlusal-distal-palatal (MODP) preparation (OPR) + endodontic treatment (ET), TC group: MODP preparation + ET + Tetric N-Ceram, TB group: MODP preparation + ET + Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, SO group: MODP preparation + ET + SonicFill 2, TC-P group: MODP preparation + ET + Hahnenkratt glass fiber post + Tetric N-Ceram, TB-P group: MODP preparation + ET + Hahnenkratt glass fiber + Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, and SO-P Group: MODP preparation + ET + Hahnenkratt glass fiber post + SonicFill 2. After thermocycling, specimens were subjected to a compressive load until fracture. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey tests (P < 0.05). Results: The mean fracture strength of groups which received post treatment showed similar fracture strength values [TC-P (931.6 ± 97.9), TB-P (882.0 ± 59.7), SO-P (862.0 ± 143.0) (P > 0.05)] and was significantly higher than OPR (530.6 ± 41.7), TC (841.2 ± 93.1), TB (774.5 ± 101.8), and SO (735.0 ± 178.01) groups (P < 0.05). No significant difference was detected among groups considering cuspal deflection (P > 0.05). The fiber post insertion resulted in more unfavorable fractures. Conclusion: Endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber post and bulk-fill or conventional composite resins demonstrated fracture strength values similar to intact teeth.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/instrumentação , Vidro , Dente não Vital/terapia , Dente Pré-Molar/lesões , Força Compressiva , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Resistência à Flexão , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Distribuição Aleatória , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Preparo do Dente/métodos
11.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 37(5): 318-324, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084557

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the composite adaptation of three systems by using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT). Background data: Most polymer-based restorations suffer from polymerization shrinkage that affects the interfacial seal. This shrinkage cannot be detected by conventional X-ray methods. Optical coherence tomography was proved to be a reliable non-invasive imaging tool to examine biological structures and biomaterials at micron scale. Methods: Twenty-four cylindrical class-V cavities were prepared on the buccal surfaces of the extracted human molars. After cavity preparation, samples were randomly divided into three groups (n = 8) according to the restoration system: one-step self-etch Clearfil Tri-S Bond Plus with Clearfil Majesty ES-2 composite (TS; Kuraray Noritake Dental), Single Bond Universal in self-etch mode with Filtek Z350 XT composite (SB; 3M ESPE), and one-step self-etch Plafique Bond with Plafique LX 5 composite (PB; Tokuyama Dental). The restoration placement was carried out according to the manufacturers' recommendations. Later, the specimens were immersed in a contrasting agent; then, image acquisitions were taken by CP-OCT to calculate the adaptation percentage by using an image analysis software. Results: Mann-Whitney U test showed no statistical significant difference in the adaptation percentage between TS (91.72 ± 11.6) and SB (93.43 ± 6.9) groups (p > 0.05). However, the adaptation percentage in PB (41.83 ± 28.5) was significantly lower than in the other tested groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Within the limitation of the study, TS and SB groups showed better adaptation than PB. Moreover, CP-OCT is a useful imaging tool that can display composite adaptation at micron scale.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Humanos , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
12.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180358, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized, controlled, prospective clinical trial was to evaluate the performances of two different universal adhesives and one etch-rinse adhesive for restoration of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with at least seven NCCLs were enrolled. Lesions were divided into seven groups according to adhesive systems and application modes: GSE: GLUMA Universal-self-etch, GSL: GLUMA Universal-selective etching, GER: GLUMA Universal-etch-and-rinse, ASE: All-Bond Universal-self-etch, ASL: All-Bond Universal-selective etching, AER: All-Bond Universal-etch-and-rinse, SBE (Control): Single Bond2-etch-and-rinse. A total of 155 NCCLs were restored with a nano hybrid composite (Tetric N-Ceram). Restorations were scored with regard to retention, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, recurrent caries and post-operative sensitivity using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria after one week, 6, 12 and 24 months. Statistical evaluations were performed using Chi-square tests (p=0.05). RESULTS: The recall rate was 81.9% after the 24-month follow-up. The cumulative retention rates for self-etch groups (GSE: 72.2%, ASE:75%) were significantly lower than other experimental groups (GSL: 93.7%, GER: 100%, ASL: 94.1%, AER: 100%, SBE: 100%) at the 24-month follow-up (p<0.05). Regarding marginal adaptation and marginal discoloration, GSE and ASE groups demonstrated more bravo scores after 6 and 12-month observations but differences were not significant (p>0.05). Only one restoration from ASL group demonstrated post-operative sensitivity at 6 and 12-month observations. No secondary caries was observed on the restorations at any recall. At the end of 24-month observations, no significant differences were detected among groups regarding any of the criteria assessed, except retention. CONCLUSION: GLUMA Universal and All-Bond Universal showed better results in etch-and-rinse and selective etching mode compared to the self-etch mode regarding retention. Etch-and-rinse and selective etching application modes of the current universal adhesives tended to provide better clinical outcomes considering the criteria evaluated at the end of 24-month evaluation.


Assuntos
Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Corrosão Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Glutaral/uso terapêutico , Metacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Biomed J ; 42(1): 53-58, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Restoration of the teeth with extensive root canals with different post systems is a challenge for clinicians. Evaluation of these systems is important for clinical success. The aim of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and fracture mode of endodontically treated thin-walled teeth which restored with different post systems. METHODS: Eighty extracted and endodontically treated maxillary canines were divided into 4 groups (n = 20) and the thickness of the radicular dentin walls was reduced by using diamond burs. Each root was embedded in an autopolymerizing resin with a 0.25 mm layer of vinyl polysiloxane material to simulate the periodontal ligament. The subgroups were restored with one of the following post systems: only composite resin (Group 1), cast post (Group 2), glass-fiber post (Group 3), and I-TFC post (Group 4). The samples were subjected to a gradually increasing force (0,5 mm/min). The force required to fracture was recorded, and the data were analyzed with ANOVA, Tukey test's and Chi-Square test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The highest fracture resistance was recorded for Group 2, followed by the Group 3, Group 4, and Group 1. Differences in the fracture resistance of teeth were significant among the groups (p < 0.05). The fracture resistance of Group 4 was significantly different than the other tested post systems (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The lowest fracture resistance was recorded for Group 1, but among all post systems, Group 4 had the lowest fracture resistance. The fracture mode of the fiber posts (Radix and I-TFC posts) would permit repair of the tooth.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Incisivo/cirurgia , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Vidro , Humanos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia
14.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(3): 328-334, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837419

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different restoration techniques on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth with different wall thicknesses. Materials and Methods: Extracted and endodontically treated 210 premolars were randomly divided into three thickness groups [2 mm (A), 1.5 mm (B), and 1 mm (C)] and, each group was further divided into seven restoration subgroups (n = 10): direct composite (control) (K), composite with fiber on cavity floor (KT), composite with fiber on occlusal level (KO), fiber post and composite (FP), inlay (L), fiber on cavity floor and inlay (LT), and inlay and fiber on occlusal level (LO). Fracture test was performed, and data were compared with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests (P < 0.05). Results: There were no differences between the subgroups in A and C statistically (P > 0.05). However, in B, KO subgroup showed statistically higher values (P = 0.039). Conclusion: Wall support of 2 mm was adequate, and support of 1 mm was completely insufficient. When the wall thickness was 1.5 mm, direct restoration with fiber at the occlusal level significantly improved resistance.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes/prevenção & controle , Dente não Vital/terapia , Dente Pré-Molar , Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Dente não Vital/complicações
15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3126931, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805363

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different fiber insertion techniques and thermomechanical aging on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular premolar teeth restored using bulk-fill composites. Materials and Methods: Eighty human mandibular premolar teeth were randomly divided into eight groups: Group IN, Group BF, Group PRF1, Group PRF2, Group IN-TMA, Group BF-TMA, Group PRF1-TMA ,and Group PRF2-TMA. Group IN (intact) and Group IN-TMA (intact but subjected to thermomechanical aging) served as control groups. In the other six groups, endodontic treatment was performed and standardized mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities were prepared. In BF, PRF1, and PRF2, the cavities were restored with bulk-fill composite only, bulk-fill/Ribbond, and bulk-fill/additional Ribbond, respectively. In BF-TMA, PRF1-TMA, and PRF2-TMA, the teeth were subjected to thermomechanical aging after the restorations. All of the teeth were fractured on the universal testing machine. Fracture surfaces were analyzed with a stereomicroscope. Results: Control groups showed significantly higher fracture strengths than tested groups (P<0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed among the tested groups (P>0.05). Most of the favorable fractures were seen in PRF1, PRF2, and PRF2-TMA. Most of the unfavorable fractures were seen in BF-TMA. Conclusions: Although fiber insertion with different techniques did not increase the fracture strength of teeth restored with bulk-fill composites, it increased the favorable fracture modes. Thermomechanical aging did not change the fracture strength of the groups.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Resistência à Flexão/efeitos dos fármacos , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Viscosidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Polietilenos/uso terapêutico , Dente não Vital/terapia
16.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 37(1): 55-59, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804308

RESUMO

Background: The direct composite veneers follow the concept of no preparation or minimal preparation that has developed an appropriate enamel bonding procedure. The composite veneers can be easily repaired and thus they are economically favorable. The long-term clinical performance of direct composite veneers depends on a number of factors, with fracture resistance and marginal adaptation being one of the significance. Aim and Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the fractural strength and marginal discrepancy of direct composite veneers using four different tooth preparation techniques (window preparation, feather preparation, bevel preparation, and incisal overlap preparation). Settings and Design: The present study is an in vitro study with the sample size of 75 participants. A total of 75 human extracted maxillary central incisors were collected and then divided into four experimental groups and one control group (n = 15 each). Materials and Methods: A total of 75 human extracted maxillary central incisors were collected and then divided into four experimental groups and one control group (n = 15 each). Four tooth preparation techniques were performed followed by direct composite veneering. All the study samples were then splitted into two equal halves. One half of all the samples was subjected to a cell load from 0 N to 100 KN at a crosshead speed of 1 mm at 90° angulation using universal testing machine to evaluate the fractural strength. The other halves were sectioned longitudinally, and the samples were then subjected under the travelling microscope at ×200 magnification to measure the marginal discrepancy at cervical, middle, and incisal locations. Statistical Analysis: The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS Version 20.0. Results: The fractural strength showed the maximum strength in Group V: Control group (273.33 ± 81.01), Group III: Bevel preparation (193.80 ± 66.59), Group IV: Incisal overlap preparation (188.93 ± 76.14), Group II: Feather preparation (160.33 ± 53.59), and least in Group I: Window preparation (147.74 ± 48.95). The marginal discrepancy showed maximum discrepancy in Group IV: Incisal overlap preparation (49.11 ± 6.33), Group II: Feather preparation (48.44 ± 6.01), Group III: Bevel preparation (46.67 ± 7.07), and least in Group I: Window preparation (45.33 ± 6.31). Conclusion: The fractural strength was maximum in Group V, followed by Group III, Group IV, Group II, and the least mean value score was found for the Group I, and the marginal discrepancy was maximum in Group IV, followed by Group II, Group III, and the least mean value score was found for the Group I.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária/métodos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Facetas Dentárias/normas , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Suporte de Carga
17.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 60(1): 17-27, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700646

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of differences in axial thickness and type of cement on fracture load in CAD/CAM crowns. Assuming the mandibular first premolar to be the abutment tooth, 4 types of crown with different axial thicknesses and radii of curvature were prepared. To unify external design, the morphology of the crown margins was set at 0.15, 0.30, 0.45, or 0.60 mm, thus maintaining uniform axial form of the crowns. The CAD/CAM crowns and abutment teeth were bonded using each of 2 types of resin cement or polycarboxylate cement. The fracture load value was measured using a universal testing machine and the destruction phase observed.No significant difference was observed with change in axial thickness. The fracture load values with each of the 2 types of resin cement used were significantly higher than that with polycarboxylate cement (p<0.01). These results suggest that the fracture load values of CAD/CAM crowns are not influenced by differences in the axial thickness of the crown, and that they are higher when bonding is achieved with resin rather than polycarboxylate cement.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Cimentos Dentários/uso terapêutico , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária/métodos , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Suporte de Carga
18.
J Dent Res ; 98(1): 91-97, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30189149

RESUMO

The breakdown of the polymeric component of contemporary composite dental restorative materials compromises their longevity, while leachable compounds from these materials have cellular consequences. Thus, a new generation of composite materials needed to be designed to have a longer service life and ensure that any leachable compounds are not harmful to appropriate cell lines. To accomplish this, we have developed concurrent thiol-ene-based polymerization and allyl sulfide-based addition-fragmentation chain transfer chemistries to afford cross-linked polymeric resins that demonstrate low shrinkage and low shrinkage stress. In the past, the filler used in dental composites mainly consisted of glass, which is biologically inert. In several of our prototype composites, we introduced fluorapatite (FA) crystals, which resemble enamel crystals and are bioactive. These novel prototype composites were benchmarked against similarly filled methacrylate-based bisphenol A diglycidyl ether dimethacrylate / triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (bisGMA/TEGDMA) composite for their cytotoxicity, mechanical properties, biofilm formation, and fluoride release. The leachables at pH 7 from all the composites were nontoxic to dental pulp stem cells. There was a trend toward an increase in total toughness of the glass-only-filled prototype composites as compared with the similarly filled bisGMA/TEGDMA composite. Other mechanical properties of the glass-only-filled prototype composites were comparable to the similarly filled bisGMA/TEGDMA composite. Incorporation of the FA reduced the mechanical properties of the prototype and bisGMA/TEGDMA composite. Biofilm mass and colony-forming units per milliliter were reduced on the glass-only-filled prototype composites as compared with the glass-only-filled bisGMA/TEGDMA composite and were significantly reduced by the addition of FA to all composites. Fluoride release at pH 7 was greatest after 24 h for the bisGMA/TEGDMA glass + FA composite as compared with the similarly filled prototypes, but overall the F- release was marginal and not at a concentration to affect bacterial metabolism.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos , Estresse Mecânico , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metacrilatos , Polietilenoglicóis , Polimerização , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/uso terapêutico
19.
J Prosthodont ; 28(1): e383-e394, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29855127

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of seven new-generation all-ceramic materials for CAD/CAM (Lava Ultimate [LU], VITA Mark II [VM], InCoris TZI [IC], IPS e.max CAD [EM], VITA Suprinity [VS], Cerasmart [CS], IPS Empress CAD [EC]) and six provisional materials (Protemp 4 [PT], Telio CAD [TC], CAD-Temp [CT], Telio Lab [TL], Temdent Classic [TD], Telio CS C&B [TS]) on L929 mouse fibroblast cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 disc-shaped specimens (∅ = 5 mm, h = 2 mm) were prepared from each test material. Medium extracts were collected at the 1st, 3rd, and 7th days for each group and tested using the L929 cell line. Cytotoxicity was evaluated using XTT assay, and apoptosis was determined by Annexin-V/PI staining. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Tukey's multiple comparison tests at a significance level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: The cell viability results among all-ceramic material groups after the 1st and 7th days of incubation periods showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05). There were significant differences within the ceramic groups in different incubation periods regarding apoptosis rate (p < 0.05). Throughout the entire test period, LU and VM from the CAD/CAM all-ceramic materials and PT and TC from the provisional restoration materials showed cell viability higher than 90%. EC and TD showed the lowest cell viability and highest apoptosis rates in their own groups. For the provisional materials, there were significant differences in cell viability and apoptosis rate in all the incubation periods for each material (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although some new-generation CAD/CAM and provisional restoration materials display slight cytotoxicity values, the results are still within the reliable range, and they can safely be used in clinical conditions.


Assuntos
Cerâmica/uso terapêutico , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Acrílicas/efeitos adversos , Resinas Acrílicas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cerâmica/efeitos adversos , Resinas Compostas/efeitos adversos , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Materiais Dentários/efeitos adversos , Materiais Dentários/uso terapêutico , Porcelana Dentária/efeitos adversos , Porcelana Dentária/uso terapêutico , Técnicas In Vitro , Camundongos
20.
J Int Med Res ; 47(1): 361-369, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30282511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess Jordanian dentists' current perception and attitudes towards amalgam and composite restorations four years after the Minamata treaty was endorsed and suggest decision making factors that may influence the type of restoration requested by patients. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted through structured questionnaires distributed to dentists in Amman, Jordan from June 2017 to February 2018. RESULTS: Of the 1686 dentists who were contacted 758 dentists (response rate 45%) responded to the questionnaire either by email or via field visits. Jordanian dentists used more composite restorations than amalgam. Recurrent caries followed by fracture of the restoration were the main reasons for replacement of both fillings by dentists. However, dentists suggested that the main reason patients requested replacement of amalgam was for 'staining'. In addition, a large proportion of the dentists had experienced patients who had asked either for replacement of amalgam (77%) or refused an amalgam filling (99%) for aesthetic reasons. In the opinion of the dentists, only 20% patients requested replacement of amalgam because of the mercury content. CONCLUSION: The findings of this survey suggest that a 'phase-down' of dental amalgam is being implemented in Jordan's dental clinics but it is not associated with commitment to the Minamata Convention, rather to current dental practice trends and patients' aesthetic demands.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Amálgama Dentário/efeitos adversos , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Odontólogos/psicologia , Preferência do Paciente/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Dentística Operatória/instrumentação , Dentística Operatória/métodos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
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