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1.
Food Chem ; 371: 131193, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649200

RESUMO

Polysaccharide chitin (CH) was modified by antimicrobial natural gum rosin as a biocompatible agent within the thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) elastomer to form the TPU/CH composite. This blend was then mixed with different ratios of ZnO-doped-SiO2 nanoparticles (ZnO-SiO2-NPs) to chelate chitin and to improve the properties of TPU nanocomposites. The topology and surface roughness of chitin and nanoparticles within the TPU matrix, besides their effect on the crystallinity degree of TPU were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The TPU nanocomposites are subjected to different measurements such as mechanical, thermal, hydrophobicity, flammability, water vapor, and oxygen barrier properties, as well as antimicrobial activity. The results showed that the major properties were improved when the nanoparticles were added, especially at 5 wt%. Furthermore, the TPU/CH blend reinforced with high contents of NPs (i.e., 5-7 wt%) exhibited efficient antimicrobial activities against Gram-negative, Gram-positive bacteria and, pathogenic fungi.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Óxido de Zinco , Quitina , Poliuretanos , Resinas Vegetais , Dióxido de Silício , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia
2.
Food Chem ; 368: 130800, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403997

RESUMO

The work explored the process of ultrasound-assisted adsorption/desorption to efficiently purify jujube peel flavonoids (JPFs) using macroporous resins (MRs). The impact of ultrasound power and temperature on the adsorption/desorption features of JPFs on MRs were studied. The maximum adsorption (80.21 ± 2.11 mg/g) /desorption (76.22 ± 1.68 mg/g) capacity of total flavonoids content were obtained. The pseudo-second-order kinetic and Freundlich isotherm models better described the whole process of ultrasound-assisted adsorption. The adsorption process was spontaneous, physical, and dominated by multilinear intraparticle diffusion. Ultrasound mainly enhanced the adsorption capacity by strengthening the formation of hydrogen bonds and increasing the surface roughness of MRs. Besides, the principal individual flavonoid ((+)-Catechin, (-)-Epicatechin, Rutin, Quercetin-3-O-robinobioside) content of JPFs in ultrasound treatment was 2-3 times that of shaking treatment, and biological activities were significantly increased. Overall, as a low-cost green technology, ultrasound can improve the properties of MRs and better purify JPFs.


Assuntos
Flavonoides , Ziziphus , Adsorção , Extratos Vegetais , Resinas Vegetais , Resinas Sintéticas
3.
J Chromatogr A ; 1656: 462558, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597902

RESUMO

A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography (LC) quadrupole time of flight (QTOF) method has been developed for the determination of resin acid concentrations in aqueous pulp and paper effluent related samples. Calibration R2 of ≥0.995 for twelve resin acids, namely dehydroabietic, 8(14)-abietenic, dihydroisopimaric, levopimaric, neoabietic, pimaric, sandaracopimaric, abietic, isopimaric, palustric, chlorodehydroabietic, and dichlorodehydroabietic acids, was demonstrated in the range 1 µgL-1 to 40 µgL-1. An improved lower limit of quantitation was achieved without use of complex sample extraction and clean-up procedures undertaken by other published methods. Excellent precision and accuracy results were achieved for dehydroabietic, chlorodehydroabietic, dichlorodehydroabietic, isopimaric (integrated inclusive of all C20H30O2 resin acids), dihydroisopimaric and 8(14)-abietenic resin acids, with t-99 percentile detection limits spanning the range 0.05 to 0.07 µgL-1. While measurement for the C20H30O2 resin acids by isopimaric equivalence is considered semi-quantitative and could be an under estimate for the abietic acid component, the developed method demonstrated clear advantage over time consuming, hazardous, and unstable derivatization procedures used for gas chromatography and capillary electrophoresis. The developed LC/QToF method was successfully transferred to an LC triple quadrupole mass spectrometer for routine high throughput trace level analysis. Real world samples, including sea water and estuary water, demonstrated excellent spike recoveries by this procedure, indicating that the method is well suited to the monitoring of industrially derived resin acids in environmental surface waters. While no interferences were observed during routine sample analysis using myristic-1-13C acid and palmitic-1-13C acid internal standards, these were later substituted by myristic-d27 and palmitic-d31 acid in order to improve method robustness for environmental samples where endogenous parent fatty acids could be present.


Assuntos
Ácidos , Resinas Vegetais , Cromatografia Líquida , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Espectrometria de Massas
4.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641397

RESUMO

In this study, phenolic compounds from an aqueous protein by-product from rapeseed meal (RSM) were identified by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-ESI-MS, including sinapine, sinapic acid, sinapoyl glucose, and 1,2-di-sinapoyl gentibiose. The main phenolic compound in this by-product was sinapine. We also performed acid hydrolysis to convert sinapine, and sinapic acid derivatives present in the permeate, to sinapic acid. The adsorption of phenolic compounds was investigated using five macroporous resins, including XAD4, XAD7, XAD16, XAD1180, and HP20. Among them, XAD16 showed the highest total phenolic contents adsorption capacities. The adsorption behavior of phenolic compounds was described by pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models. Moreover, thermodynamics tests demonstrated that the adsorption process of phenolic compounds was exothermic and spontaneous. The highest desorption ratio was obtained with 30% (v/v) and 70% (v/v) ethanol for sinapine and sinapic acid, respectively, with a desorption ratio of 63.19 ± 0.03% and 94.68 ± 0.013%. DPPH and ABTS tests revealed that the antioxidant activity of the hydrolyzed fraction was higher than the non-hydrolyzed fraction and higher than the one of vitamin C. Antioxidant tests demonstrated that these phenolic compounds could be used as natural antioxidants, which can be applied in the food industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Brassica napus/química , Proteínas na Dieta/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Resinas Vegetais/química , Manipulação de Alimentos
5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112766, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509967

RESUMO

Natural adjuvants are novel options to reduce the doses of chemical herbicides. The aim of the current study was to examine the compositions and adjuvant effects of rosin and coconut oil on herbicides using a combination of indoor experiment and field trial. The GC-MS results showed that the main component of rosin was abietic acid (40.02%), and the main components of coconut oil were 2-pentanone, 4-hydroxy-4-methyl- (21.45%) and dodecanoic acid (14.59%). In greenhouse experiment, rosin showed a significant adjuvant effect on nicosulfuron against Digitaria sanguinalis and Amaranthus retroflexus, with the GR50 ratios of 1.47 and 1.69, respectively. The GR50 values of nicosulfuron in the present of coconut oil were 3.99 and 10.13 g a.i./hm2 against D. sanguinalis and A. retroflexus, lower than that of individual application. The adjuvant effect of rosin and coconut oil on mesotrione was also found. In field trial, the fresh weight control efficiency of nicosulfuron (45 g a.i./hm2) and mesotrione (112.5 g a.i./hm2) was significantly improved after the addition of rosin and coconut oil, similar with that of recommended dose. Rosin and coconut oil could reduce the contact angle of nicosulfuron, with the results of 56.68° and 53.90°, respectively, lower than that of individual application. Furthermore, rosin and coconut oil could decrease the surface tension, wetting and penetration time; and increase the spreading diameter and maximum retention. Both rosin and coconut oil have adjuvant effects on herbicides in the lab & field with multiple mechanisms. Thus, they have the potential to be developed into natural adjuvants for herbicide formulation to control weeds.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Óleo de Coco , Cicloexanonas , Piridinas , Resinas Vegetais , Compostos de Sulfonilureia
6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(38): 11282-11291, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523926

RESUMO

A novel rosin-based photoresponsive anionic amphiphile, sodium N-azophenyl maleopimaric acid imide carboxylate (AzoMPCOONa), has been successfully synthesized. Its molecular structure was characterized by 1H and 13C NMR and mass spectrometry (MS). The photoisomerization of AzoMPCOONa was evaluated by ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectrometry and 1H NMR. The structure of AzoMPCOONa could be converted between the trans and cis isomers by irradiation with UV/visible light. Importantly, a fascinating photoresponsive viscoelastic solution was prepared by mixing AzoMPCOONa and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The properties of the photoresponsive viscoelastic solution were further investigated by rheology, circular dichroism (CD), and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). Initially, the AzoMPCOONa/CTAB system was a gel-like solution composed of entangled wormlike micelles possessing the right-handed chiral structure. After UV irradiation for 10 min, the gel-like solution transformed into a slightly viscous solution, its zero-shear viscosity dramatically reduced by 2 orders of magnitude, and the aggregates were converted into rod-like micelles and spherical micelles. In addition, the right-handed chiral structure of the aggregates disappeared. These dramatic changes in the viscosity and the aggregate structure can be attributed to the photoisomerization of the azobenzene group in AzoMPCOONa, which led to changes in the molecular geometry and the packing parameter of the AzoMPCOONa/CTAB system. Interestingly, the right-handed chiral structure of wormlike micelles also is photoresponsive. The results reveal the superiority of forest resources for preparing viscoelastic solutions.


Assuntos
Micelas , Substâncias Viscoelásticas , Cetrimônio , Resinas Vegetais , Tensoativos
7.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105029, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506872

RESUMO

Four new chalchonoid trimers, named cochinchinenins N-Q (1-4), along with a pair of known enantiomers (5-6), were isolated from the total phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood (the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis). The planar structures of 1-4 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRESIMS and 1D/2D NMR. The absolute configurations of new compounds were established by ECD data. Compound 1 exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells with IC50 value of 11.5 ± 1.7 µM.


Assuntos
Chalconas/farmacologia , Dracaena/química , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Chalconas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais/química
8.
Biomater Sci ; 9(20): 6927-6939, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528638

RESUMO

Candida urinary tract biofilms are increasingly witnessed in nosocomial infections due to reduced immunity of patients and the hospital ecosystem. The indwelling devices utilized to support patients with urethral diseases that connect the unsterilized external environment with the internal environment of the patient are another significant source of urinary tract biofilm infections. Recently, nanoparticle (NP)-associated therapeutics have gained traction in a number of areas, including fighting antibiotic-resistant bacterial biofilm infection. However, most studies on nanotherapeutic delivery have only been carried out in laboratory settings rather than in clinical trials due to the lack of precise in vitro and in vivo models for testing their efficiency. Here we develop a novel biofilm-infected 3D human urothelial cell culture model to test the efficiency of nanoparticle (NP)-based antifungal therapeutics. The NPs were designed based on shellac cores, loaded with fluconazole and coated with the cationic enzyme lysozyme. Our formulation of 0.2 wt% lysozyme-coated 0.02 wt% fluconazole-loaded 0.2 wt% shellac NPs, sterically stabilised by 0.25 wt% poloxamer 407, showed an enhanced efficiency in removing Candida albicans biofilms formed on 3D layer of urothelial cell clusteroids. The NP formulation exhibited low toxicity to urothelial cells. This study provides a reliable in vitro model for Candida urinary tract biofilm infections, which could potentially replace animal models in the testing of such antifungal nanotechnologies. The reproducibility and availability of a well-defined biofilm-infected 3D urothelial cell culture model give valuable insights into the formation and clearing of fungal biofilms and could accelerate the clinical use of antifungal nanotherapeutics.


Assuntos
Fluconazol , Nanopartículas , Animais , Biofilmes , Candida , Ecossistema , Fluconazol/farmacologia , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Muramidase , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resinas Vegetais
9.
Molecules ; 26(18)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577043

RESUMO

In this paper, the optimization of the extraction/purification process of multiple components was performed by the entropy weight method (EWM) combined with Plackett-Burman design (PBD) and central composite design (CCD). We took the macroporous resin purification of Astragalus saponins as an example to discuss the practicability of this method. Firstly, the weight of each component was given by EWM and the sum of the product between the componential content and its weight was defined as the comprehensive score, which was taken as the evaluation index. Then, the single factor method was adopted for determining the value range of each factor. PBD was applied for screening the significant factors. Important variables were further optimized by CCD to determine the optimal process parameters. After the combination of EWM, PBD and CCD, the resulting optimal purification conditions were as follows: pH value of 6.0, the extraction solvent concentration of 0.15 g/mL, and the ethanol volume fraction of 75%. Under the optimal conditions, the practical comprehensive score of recoveries of saponins was close to the predicted value (n = 3). Therefore, the present study provided a convenient and efficient method for extraction and purification optimization technology of multiple components from natural products.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Entropia , Flavonoides , Resinas Vegetais
10.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(9): 686-692, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561080

RESUMO

Six new tirucallane-type triterpenoids (1-6), along with ten known triterpenoids, were isolated from methylene chloride extract of the resin of Boswellia carterii Birdw. By the application of the comprehensive spectroscopic data, the structures of the compounds were clarified. The experimental electronic circular dichroism spectra were compared with those calculated, which allowed to assign the absolute configurations. Compounds 5 and 6 possesed a 2, 3-seco tirucallane-type triterpenoid skeleton, which were first reported. Their inhibitory activity against NO formation in LPS-activated BV-2 cells were evaluated. Compound 9 showed appreciable inhibitory effect, with an IC50 value of 7.58 ± 0.87 µmol·L-1.


Assuntos
Boswellia , Triterpenos , Estrutura Molecular , Resinas Vegetais , Triterpenos/farmacologia
11.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 22(7): 241, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590171

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to stabilize the enteric property of bleached shellac by composite formation with ethyl cellulose. The composite film at the ratio of 9:1, 8:2, 7:3, 6:4, and 5:5 was prepared by the film casting method. The physicochemical properties were acid value, insoluble solid, water permeability coefficient, % polarity, mechanical property, FTIR, PXRD, DSC, % solubility in aqueous, and various pH (1.2 and 7.4). All the films were able to protect against the low pH and water. The total solubility at pH 7.4 was reported for the low ratio of ethyl cellulose (9:1 and 8:2). The stability of all films was then investigated for 180 days. The results demonstrated that the ethyl cellulose could stabilize the bleached shellac indicated by the low changes in acid value and insoluble solid. The higher ratio of ethyl cellulose contributed to the lower polymerization during storage. The results were due to the protection of the bleached shellac's active sites. The entanglement of ethyl cellulose caused interaction difficulties between active groups leading to stabilized bleached shellac. The proper ratio was 7:3 because of high solubility, and low polymerization. The findings demonstrated that the composite film could improve the enteric property of bleached shellac for a long period.


Assuntos
Resinas Vegetais , Permeabilidade , Polimerização , Solubilidade
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8561696, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337055

RESUMO

Dracaena cinnabari (D. cinnabari) is an endemic plant located in Socotra Island, Yemen. Deep red resin attained from different plant species including D. cinnabari is commonly known as dragon's blood. In folk medicine, it is prescribed for the treatment of traumatic dermal, dental, and eye injuries as well as blood stasis, pain, and gastrointestinal diseases in humans. Numerous studies have investigated that this resinous medicine has antidiarrheal, antiulcer, antimicrobial, antiviral, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, wound healing, and antioxidant activity. Several phytochemicals have been isolated from D. cinnabari, including the biflavonoid cinnabarone, triflavonoids, metacyclophanes, chalcones, chalcanes, dihydrochalcones, sterols, and terpenoids. The present review highlights the structures and bioactivities of main phytochemicals isolated from D. cinnabari regarding the botany and pharmacological effects of the resin derived from this plant.


Assuntos
Dracaena/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Quimioprevenção , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Phytochemistry ; 191: 112897, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412004

RESUMO

Frankincense of Boswellia species has long been used in traditional medicines, mainly for its interesting anti-inflammatory and anti-depressant properties of its di- and triterpenes. Boswellic acids (triterpenes) and cembranoids (diterpenes) are the major constituents of frankincense from all reported species which are responsible for the overall biological activity of frankincense. Boswellic acids have been thoroughly investigated for decades but cembranoids have attracted considerable attention only recently, and a good number of publications have highlighted the important role of these 14-membered rings in contributing to the superior anti-inflammatory activity of the sacred resin. Partial and total syntheses of some cembranoids from frankincense have been reported. Their therapeutic potential is not limited to the well proven anti-inflammatory activity but also to their recently reported anti-depressant properties. There is a considerable number of publications in the field of cembranoids of Boswellia species where we feel a review in this topic will be of interest to the readership of Phytochemistry. In this article we have discussed the chemistry (isolation and chemical structures as well as synthetic studies), biogenesis and bioactivity of the reported cembranoids of Boswellia species. The structural discrepancies due to wrongly assigned structures of some cembranoids have been highlighted and corrected. We have covered the related literature up to the end of 2020.


Assuntos
Boswellia , Franquincenso , Triterpenos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fatores Imunológicos , Resinas Vegetais , Triterpenos/farmacologia
14.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105017, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418492

RESUMO

One undescribed tetracyclic triterpene (boswellicarin A), four undescribed pentacyclic triterpenes (boswellicarterins A-C) and one undescribed prenylaromadendrane-type diterpene (boscarterin A) were isolated from the gum resin of Boswellia carterii Birdw. (Burseraceae). Their structures were elucidated from NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic data and ECD spectra. Boswellicarterins A-C and boscarterin A displayed weak and selective cytotoxicity against three human cancer cells (HepG2, A549 and MCF-7) by MTT assay.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Boswellia/química , Terpenos/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais/química , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
15.
Phytochemistry ; 190: 112888, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358900

RESUMO

Six previously undescribed resin glycosides, calyhedins I-VI, were isolated from the rhizomes of Calystegia hederacea Wall., which are the first genuine resin glycosides isolated from C. hederacea. The structures of calyhedins I-VI were determined based on spectroscopic data and chemical evidence. All the compounds have macrolactone structures (jalapins), and their sugar moieties were partially acylated by five organic acids. Calyhedins I, II-V, and VI have 27-, 28-, and 23-membered rings, respectively, and calyhedins IV-VI are the first jalapins with a sugar chain consisting of seven monosaccharides. Additionally, the cytotoxic activity of calyhedins II and III toward HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cells was evaluated. Both compounds demonstrated almost the same activity as the positive control, cisplatin.


Assuntos
Calystegia , Glicosídeos , Estrutura Molecular , Resinas Vegetais , Rizoma
16.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207740

RESUMO

In this study, formaldehyde-free bioresin adhesives were synthesised from lignin and tannin, which were obtained from softwood bark. The extraction was done via organosolv treatment and hot water extraction, respectively. A non-volatile, non-toxic aldehyde, glyoxal, was used as a substitute for formaldehyde in order to modify the chemical structure of both the lignin and tannin. The glyoxal modification reaction was confirmed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Three different resin formulations were prepared using modified lignin along with the modified tannin. The thermal properties of the modified lignin, tannin, and the bioresins were assessed by DSC and TGA. When the bioresins were cured at a high temperature (200 °C) by compression moulding, they exhibited higher thermal stability as well as an enhanced degree of cross-linking compared to the low temperature-cured bioresins. The thermal properties of the resins were strongly affected by the compositions of the resins as well as the curing temperatures.


Assuntos
Lignina/química , Picea/química , Casca de Planta/química , Resinas Vegetais/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Taninos/química , Adesivos/química , Glioxal/química , Química Verde/instrumentação , Química Verde/métodos , Temperatura Alta , Madeira/química
17.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203815

RESUMO

In continuation of our search for leads from medicinal plants against protozoal pathogens, we detected antileishmanial activity in polar fractions of a dichloromethane extract from Boswellia serrata resin. 11-keto-ß-boswellic acid (KBA) could be isolated from these fractions and was tested in vitro against Leishmania donovani axenic amastigotes along with five further boswellic acid derivatives. 3-O-acetyl-11-keto-ß-boswellic acid (AKBA) showed the strongest activity with an IC50 value of 0.88 µM against axenic amastigotes but was inactive against intracellular amastigotes in murine macrophages.


Assuntos
Leishmania donovani/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Leishmania donovani/metabolismo , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Resinas Vegetais/química , Triterpenos/análise , Triterpenos/metabolismo
18.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201875

RESUMO

The increased complexity due to the emergence and rapid spread of new viral infections prompts researchers to search for potential antiviral and protective agents for mucous membranes among various natural objects, for example, plant raw materials, their individual components, as well as the products of their chemical modification. Due to their structure, resin acids are valuable raw materials of natural origin to synthesize various bioactive substances. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to confirm the possibility of using resin acid derivatives for the drug design. As a result, we studied the cytotoxicity and biological activity of resin acid derivatives. It was shown that a slight decrease in the viral load in the supernatants was observed upon stimulation of cells (II) compared with the control. When using PASS-online modeling (Prediction of Activity Spectra for Substances), the prediction of the biological activity spectrum showed that compound (I) is capable of exhibiting antiviral activity against the influenza virus. The use of the SWISS-ADME webserver to reveal the drug-like properties of compounds did not directly indicate the presence of antiviral activity. These results indicate the potential of resin acid derivatives as a starting point for extensive research in the study of biological activity.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Orthomyxoviridae/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Vegetais/química , Resinas Vegetais/farmacologia , Células A549 , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida tropicalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenho de Fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Resinas Vegetais/toxicidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
Food Chem ; 363: 130369, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274882

RESUMO

The best enzymatic protease treatment of shrimp shells was identified by comparing the enzymatic hydrolysis effects of many different types of biological enzymes using fresh Arctic sweet shrimp as raw materials. The optimal enzymolysis conditions were determined using neutral protease as the best enzymatic protease. Among multiple macroporous adsorption resins, XDA-8 macroporous adsorption resin was preferable due to its static adsorption rate and desorption rate. The yield of astaxanthin (134.20 µg/g) after treatment with neutral protease was 3.7 times higher than that of the control group (36.03 µg/g). The yield of astaxanthin was obviously improved after enzymolysis of the shrimp shells. The purity of the astaxanthin was up to 87.34%, approximately 6508 times higher than that of the raw material. The production cost of astaxanthin would be greatly reduced by use of XDA-8 resin to obtain high-purity astaxanthin. This technique offers a high value-added utilization of shrimp shells.


Assuntos
Resinas Vegetais , Xantofilas , Adsorção , Hidrólise , Resinas Sintéticas
20.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299437

RESUMO

We examined the application of six different resins with the aim of selecting a macroporous resin suitable for purifying Acanthopanax senticosus total flavonoids (ASTFs) from Acanthopanax senticosus crude extract (EAS) by comparing their adsorption/desorption capacities, which led to the selection of HPD-600. Research on the adsorption mechanism showed that the adsorption process had pseudo-second-order kinetics and fit the Freundlich adsorption model. Moreover, the analysis of thermodynamic parameters indicated that the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic. The optimal conditions for purification of ASTFs were determined as sample pH of 3, 60% ethanol concentration, and 3 BV·h-1 flow rate, for both adsorption and desorption, using volumes of 2.5 and 4 BV, respectively. The application of macroporous resin HPD-600 to enrich ASTFs resulted in an increase in the purity of total flavonoids, from 28.79% to 50.57%. Additionally, the antioxidant capacity of ASTFs was higher than that of EAS, but both were lower than that of L-ascorbic acid. The changes in ASTFs compositions were determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS), with the results illustrating that the levels of seven major flavonoids of ASTFs were increased compared to that in the crude extract.


Assuntos
Eleutherococcus/metabolismo , Flavonoides/química , Adsorção/fisiologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Resinas Vegetais/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
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