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1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 931-937, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of bioactive glass (BG) on the dentin bond strength and the microleakage of hybrid layer. METHODS: In the study, 30 dentin planes were prepared from the third molars with no caries and equally assigned to the control group, BG group, and sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP)-polyacrylic acid (PAA)-BG group (S-P-BG group), randomly. After etched with 35% phosphoric acid, the dentin planes of BG group were pretreated with 0.5 g/L BG, and the dentin planes of S-P-BG group were pretreated with 5% STMP, 5% PAA and 0.5 g/L BG. No additional pretreatment was done to the dentin planes of control group. Then the dentin planes were bonded using 3M Single Bond 2 adhesive to 3M Z350XT composite resin, and cut into 0.9 mm×0.9 mm column samples, which were stored at 37 ℃ artificial saliva (AS). After 24 hours, 1 month, and 3 months, the microtensile bond strength test was performed. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and LSD method. The morphology of the bond fracture interface was observed with scanning electron microscope. Other 27 teeth were collected and the enamel layer and roots cut off, with the pulp chamber exposed. 0.1% rhodamine B was added to the 3M Single Bond 2 adhesive, and then the adhesive was applied to complete the bonding procedures as above. The teeth were stored in 37 ℃ AS for 24 hours, 1 month, 3 months, and then 0.1% sodium fluorescein solution was placed in the chambers and stained for 1 hour. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to observe the interface morphology and microleakage of the hybrid layer. RESULTS: At the end of 24 hours and 1 month, there was no significant difference in the microtensile bond strength among the three groups (P>0.05). After 3 months of soaking, the S-P-BG group [(36.91±7.07) MPa] had significantly higher microtensile bond strength than the control group [(32.73±8.06) MPa] (P=0.026); For the control group and the BG group, the microtensile bond strength significantly decreased at the end of 3 months compared with 24 hours (control group: P=0.017, BG group: P=0.01); The microtensile bond strength of S-P-BG group af the end of 3 months had no significant difference in compared with 24 hours [(37.99±7.98) MPa] (P>0.05). Observation of the fracture surface at the 24 hours showed no obvious mineralization in all the three groups. After 1 and 3 months, mineral formation was observed in BG group and S-P-BG group, and no obvious collagen exposure was observed in S-P-BG group. Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed no obvious differences in the morphology and quantity of the resin tag in the control group, BG group and S-P-BG group. At the end of 24 hours, leakage was found in all the three groups. The microleakage of the control group increased at the end of 3 months, while the microleakage of the BG and S-P-BG groups decreased. CONCLUSION: BG pretreatment of dentin bonding interface can induce mineralization at the bonding interface and reduce the microleakage of the hybrid layer; pretreating the dentin bonding interface with STMP, PAA and BG may enhance the maintaining of the dentin bonding durability.


Assuntos
Adesivos Dentinários , Cimentos de Resina , Dentina , Vidro , Resistência à Tração
2.
Am J Vet Res ; 81(10): 821-826, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate holding security of 4 friction knots created with various monofilament and multifilament sutures in a vascular ligation model. SAMPLE: 280 friction knot constructs. PROCEDURES: 10 friction knots of 4 types (surgeon's throw, Miller knot, Ashley modification of the Miller knot, and strangle knot) created with 2-0 monofilament (polyglyconate, polydioxanone, poliglecaprone-25, and glycomer-631) and braided multifilament (silk, lactomer, and polyglactin-910) sutures were separately tied on a mock pedicle and pressure tested to the point of leakage. Linear regression analysis was performed to compare leakage pressures among suture materials (within friction knot type) and among knot types (within suture material). RESULTS: Mean leakage pressure of surgeon's throws was significantly lower than that of all other knots tested, regardless of the suture material used. All the other knots had mean leakage pressures considered supraphysiological. Significant differences in mean leakage pressure were detected between various friction knots tied with the same type of suture and various suture types used to create a given knot. Variability in leakage pressure among knots other than the surgeon's throw was greatest for poliglecaprone-25 and lowest for polydioxanone. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Most differences in knot security, although statistically significant, may not have been clinically relevant. However, results of these in vitro tests suggested the surgeon's throw should be avoided as a first throw for pedicle ligation and that poliglecaprone-25 may be more prone to friction knot slippage than the other suture materials evaluated.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Sutura/veterinária , Suturas/veterinária , Animais , Fricção , Polidioxanona , Poliglactina 910 , Resistência à Tração
3.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 445-452, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901723

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different commercial liquid phases (Ketac, Riva, and Fuji IX) and the use of spherical pre-reacted glass (SPG) fillers on cement maturation, fluoride release, compressive (CS) and biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of experimental glass ionomer cements (GICs). The experimental GICs (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) were prepared by mixing SPG fillers with commercial liquid phases using the powder to liquid mass ratio of 2.5:1. FTIR-ATR was used to assess the maturation of GICs. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride (DF) and cumulative fluoride release (CF) in deionized water was determined using the fluoride ion specific electrode (n=3). CS and BFS at 24 h were also tested (n=6). Commercial GICs were used as comparisons. Riva and Riva_M exhibited rapid polyacrylate salt formation. The highest DF and CF were observed with Riva_M (1.65x10-9 cm2/s) and Riva (77 ppm) respectively. Using SPG fillers enhanced DF of GICs on average from ~2.5x10-9 cm2/s to ~3.0x10-9 cm2/s but reduced CF of the materials on average from ~51 ppm to ~42 ppm. The CS and BFS of Ketac_M (144 and 22 MPa) and Fuji IX_M (123 and 30 MPa) were comparable to commercial materials. Using SPG with Riva significantly reduced CS and BFS from 123 MPa to 55 MPa and 42 MPa to 28 MPa respectively. The use of SPG fillers enhanced DF but reduced CF of GICs. Using SPG with Ketac or Fuji IX liquids provided comparable strength to the commercial materials.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Força Compressiva , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração
4.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(8): 761-5, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the tensile mechanics and anatomical characteristics of the posterior hip capsule, and provide biomechanical and anatomical evidence for capsule repair in total hip replacement. METHODS: Six bone-capsule-bone specimens were obtained from posterior hip joint of fresh frozen cadavers. The maximum strain, load, elastic modulus and load strain curves of the capsule ligament complex specimens were recorded by Instron Universal Material Testing Machine. Twelve cadaveric hip specimens were dissected to the capsule. The tensile strain of normal capsule and conventionally reconstructed capsule at 90 degrees of hip flexion were documented. The suture area of the posterior capsule was divided into nine sections, and the thicknessof different sections was measured and compared. Posterior capsule of the cadavers was repaired in conventionally way and anatomical way separately and simulated rehabilitation was conducted. The effect of rehabilitation on the repaired capsule was observed. RESULTS: The load-strain curve of capsule ligament complex conforms to rheological and viscoelastic characteristics. The maximum tensile strain of the complex was (39.21±5.23)%, the maximum load was (142.06± 34.15) N, the tensile strength was (1.65±0.38) MPa, and the elastic modulus is (14.23±5.62) MPa. At 90 ° hip flexion, the tensile strain of repaired capsule was higher than that of normal capsule, and the difference was statistically significant (P< 0.05). Tensile strain of conventionally reconstructed capsule is:upper part (37.0±4.9)%, middle part ( 53.3±1.1)%, lower part (68.3±6.2)%, tensile strain of normal capsule is:upper part (17.0±2.6)%, middle part (24.1±1.4)%, lower part (26.0± 4.3)% . The thickness of the posterior joint capsulein different sections is statistically significant (P<0.05), and capsule at 0.5cm proximal to the femoral insertion is suitable for suture. There the average thickness of capsule is:upper part (3.48 ± 0.11) mm, middle part (2.36 ± 0.09) mm, lower part (1. 59±0.24) mm. The posterior inferior joint capsule is thinnest at (1.42± 0.02) cm proximal to the femoral insertion, and sutures should be avoided here. After simulating rehabilitation, avulsion occurred in the lower part of the posterior capsule repaired conventionally (10/12), and the anatomically repaired capsule remained intact. CONCLUSION: The lower part of conventionally repaired capsule is overstretched and tends to fail. Anatomically repaired capsule conforms to tensile mechanics and is helpful to reduce the failure rate of repair.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Fêmur , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Cápsula Articular/cirurgia , Resistência à Tração
5.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 135-142, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920616

RESUMO

This study evaluated the influence of the mode and time of solvent evaporation on the tensile strength (TS), flexural strength (FS) and elastic modulus (EM) of two adhesive systems: Scotchbond Multipurpose (SBMP) and Clearfil SE (CSEB). For this purpose, rectangular samples (2x1x7 mm) were prepared with 10 µL of primer and the solvents were evaporated with air spray at (23±1) ºC, (40±1) ºC and negative control (without spray). For each temperature, the times of 5, 20, 30, and 60 seconds were investigated. The statistical results showed that evaporation at 40±1ºC resulted in better EM for the two adhesives tested and all the evaporation times evaluated. However, there were no significant differences between the times and modes of evaporation for TS. The results of this study indicate that evaporation at a temperature of (40±1) °C could improve the elastic modulus of both adhesives tested, regardless of the evaporating time.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Solventes/farmacologia , Resistência à Tração , Dessecação , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Volatilização
6.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 747-756, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895658

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This in vitro study evaluated the effectiveness of polyacrylic acid as an acid etchant similar to phosphoric acid and its effect on the microtensile bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety Te-Econom Plus resin blocks (11 x 4 mm) were cemented onto bovine enamel and distributed into 10 groups according to the surface treatments (no surface treatment; etching with 37% phosphoric acid; etching with 20% polyacrylic acid; etching with 37% phosphoric acid + dental adhesive, and etching with 20% polyacrylic acid + dental adhesive) and the self-adhesive resin cements used (RelyX U200 and MaxCem Elite) (n = 9). After bonding, the specimens were sectioned into sticks, subjected to thermocycling (5760 cycles, 5°C and 55°C) and microtensile bond strength testing (n = 6). Images of representative specimens were obtained using a scanning electron microscope. Enamel penetration evaluation of different surface treatments was analysed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (n = 3). Data on bond strength were subjected to 2-way ANOVA and Tukey's least significant difference test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Both 37% phosphoric acid and 20% polyacrylic acid yielded the same microtensile bond strength between self-adhesive resin cement and enamel, independent of the application of dental adhesives (p > 0.05). MaxCem Elite showed higher bond strength values than RelyX U200 just for the 20% polyacrylic acid group (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Acid pre-conditioning of dental enamel may influence the bond strength of self-adhesive resin cement to enamel, and 20% polyacrylic acid showed efficacy similar to that of 37% phosphoric acid.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Acrílicas , Animais , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
7.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 783-791, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated repair protocols of a non-aged and aged bulk-fill composite in terms of bond strength and leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six bulk-fill resin specimens were constructed; half were submitted to thermocycling. Specimens were divided into six groups (n = 16) according to the repair treatments: CG: no repair (control group); Ad: adhesive; DbAd: abrasion with diamond bur + adhesive; SbAd: sandblasting + adhesive; DbSiAd: abrasion with diamond bur + silane + adhesive; and SbSiAd: sandblasting + silane + adhesive. Resin blocks were bonded to the treated surfaces to simulate repair, and the specimens were submitted to microtensile bond strength testing. The failure area was evaluated under a stereomicroscope (40X magnification), and leakage after specimen immersion in silver nitrate solution for 24 h was evaluated under a microscope (200X magnification). Three-way ANOVA (surface treatment, chemical agent, aging) and Tukey's test were performed. RESULTS: Ad and DbAd groups showed the lowest bond strengths, while Ad was the only group negatively influenced by aging. The other groups were statistically similar to the CG in both conditions. All groups exhibited leakage, but groups without silane presented a greater percentage of leakage, mainly when diamond burs were used. Thermocycling did not influence leakage, nor did surface treatment in groups with silane. CONCLUSION: For composite repair, the use of silane is recommended, mainly when diamond burs are used as a mechanical surface treatment.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4502, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908136

RESUMO

Biological tissues, such as muscle, can increase their mechanical strength after swelling due to the existence of many biological membrane barriers that can regulate the transmembrane transport of water molecules and ions. Oppositely, typical synthetic materials show a swelling-weakening behavior, which always suffers from a sharp decline in mechanical strength after swelling, because of the dilution of the network. Here, we describe a swelling-strengthening phenomenon of polymer materials achieved by a bioinspired strategy. Liposomal membrane nanobarriers are covalently embedded in a crosslinked network to regulate transmembrane transport. After swelling, the stretched network deforms the liposomes and subsequently initiates the transmembrane diffusion of the encapsulated molecules that can trigger the formation of a new network from the preloaded precursor. Thanks to the tough nature of the double-network structure, the swelling-strengthening phenomenon is achieved to polymer hydrogels successfully. Swelling-triggered self-strengthening enables the development of various dynamic materials.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Hidrogéis/química , Lipossomos/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Força Compressiva , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Lipossomos/ultraestrutura , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Resistência à Tração
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876118

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of MDP (10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate) concentration and application mode of experimental adhesives on microshear bond strength (µSBS) to dentin after storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24h and 6 months. Five experimental adhesives were prepared with: CQ, DABE, BHT, ethanol, HEMA, TEGDMA, Bis-EMA, UDMA, and Bis-GMA. Concentrations of 0 wt%, 3 wt%, 9 wt%, 12 wt% or 15 wt% of MDP were added to their composition. The adhesives were applied to flat dentin surfaces in etch-and-rinse or self-etching modes. Cylindrical molds filled with light-cured composite resin were placed above the dentin. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37oC for 24h or 6 months and submitted to µSBS testing. The adhesives were also submitted to pH analysis. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). All the adhesives used in the etch-and-rinse mode showed significantly higher bond strength than the adhesives applied in the self-etching approach. The 9 wt% adhesive showed the highest bond strength values, and 3 wt% was most stable after storage. A strong negative correlation between MDP concentration and pH was observed. It was concluded that the formulations with low concentrations of MDP (up to 9 wt%) showed better results for bond strength and bond strength degradation over time.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesividade , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
10.
J Environ Manage ; 271: 111031, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778311

RESUMO

Generally, the mechanical strength and stiffness of old corrugated cardboard (OCC) waste paper are decreased after multiple recycling procedures. Surface sizing starch, which is extensively used in the surface sizing of paper making, accumulates after dissolving from the fibers and is transformed into pollutant during the OCC re-pulping process. To overcome the pollution and reutilization problem of the waste starch during the recycling process of OCC paper, waste starch was ionized using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to improve the mechanical properties of OCC paper during the reutilization. The results showed that the carboxyl group of waste starch increased with an increasing degree of ionization, resulting in enhanced copper ion adsorption capacity. Furthermore, the retention rate of the modified starch in the wet-end increased from 18.0% to 48.2%. The OCC paper presented the highest burst index and tensile strength of 8.94 kPa m2/g and 112.5 N m/g, respectively, when MS-2 was added. This work has great significance for implementation of the cleaning production of OCC waste papers and the reutilization of the waste starch.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Amido , Papel , Reciclagem , Resistência à Tração
11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4000, 2020 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778657

RESUMO

Additive manufacturing permits innovative soft device architectures with micron resolution. The processing requirements, however, restrict the available materials, and joining chemically dissimilar components remains a challenge. Here we report silicone double networks (SilDNs) that participate in orthogonal crosslinking mechanisms-photocurable thiol-ene reactions and condensation reactions-to exercise independent control over both the shape forming process (3D printing) and final mechanical properties. SilDNs simultaneously possess low elastic modulus (E100% < 700kPa) as well as large ultimate strains (dL/L0 up to ~ 400 %), toughnesses (U ~ 1.4 MJ·m-3), and strengths (σ ~ 1 MPa). Importantly, the latent condensation reaction permits cohesive bonding of printed objects to dissimilar substrates with modulus gradients that span more than seven orders of magnitude. We demonstrate soft devices relevant to a broad range of disciplines: models that simulate the geometries and mechanical properties of soft tissue systems and multimaterial assemblies for next generation wearable devices and robotics.


Assuntos
Teste de Materiais , Impressão Tridimensional , Silicones/química , Tecnologia Biomédica , Módulo de Elasticidade , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Polímeros , Reologia , Robótica , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
12.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 755-761, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength of resin composite to glass ceramic, and the effect of surface treatment of resin composite and thermal cycling aging on the microtensile bond strength. METHODS: Rectangular blocks were made with dentin of extracted molars, resin composite or feldspathic glass ceramic respectively. The bonding surfaces of these rectangular blocks were sanded by 600-grit silicon carbide paper before luting. A self-etching resin cement was used as luting agent. The specimens were divided into groups according to the types of substrates of adhesion (dentin/glass ceramic or resin composite/glass ceramic), the way of surface treatments and whether thermal cycling aging ocurred. The dentin blocks were adhered to ceramic blocks as controls (group A1 and A2). The resin composite blocks were adhered to the ceramic blocks as experiment groups. The resin composite surfaces were treated by different ways before luting: no extra surface treatment (group B1 and B2), treated by ethyl methacrylate solution (group C1 and C2) or silane coupling agent (group D1 and D2), coarsened by 360-grit silicon carbide paper (group E1 and E2) or polished by 1 200-grit silicon carbide paper (group F1 and F2). After luting, the microtensile bond strength of the specimens were tested before (group A1-F1) or after (group A2-F2) thermal cycling aging. After microtensile bond strength test, the fracture bonding surfaces of the specimens were observed by a scanning electron microscopy to determine the type of bonding failure. The data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: The microtensile bond strength of resin composite to glass ceramic with no extra treatment achieved high bond values before and after thermal cycling [B1 (30.02±3.85) MPa, B2 (26.83±3.14) MPa], which were statistically different from those of the control groups [A1 (20.55±4.51) MPa, A2 (12.94±0.69) MPa, P < 0.05]. The microtensile bond strength between the glass ceramic and resin composite did not increase after different surface treatments of resin composite. CONCLUSIONS: The microtensile bond strength between resin composite and glass ceramic achieved as similar bond strength as that between dentin and glass ceramic and even better. Surface treatment of resin composite via methyl methacrylate solution, silane coupling agent, coarsening, or polishing did not increase the microtensile bond strength effectually.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
13.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 21(6): 230, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779033

RESUMO

The vaginal rings research is almost exclusively focused on rings for human medicine, although the dosage form offers improvement of therapeutic effect in other mammals as well. This contribution studied an effect of varying dimension parameters (diameter 20, 30 or 40 mm; height 3, 4 or 5 mm; width of annulus 5, 7.5 or 10 mm) on mechanical properties and dissolution behaviour of silicone vaginal rings with constant drug amount, intended for use in dogs. Results showed that altering dimensions influenced mechanical properties (compressive force, tensile strength and resistance of removal thread), in vitro drug release and water uptake. The removal thread resistance was increasing with increasing height and width. Compression force was higher for the rings with smaller diameter. The total drug release was increasing with decreasing height and rising diameter, surface area and water uptake during dissolution test. The initial dissolution rate was slower for the rings with higher width. As the best candidate for use in model dog subjects, the ring with 30 mm diameter, 3 mm height and 7.5 mm width was found. These drug-free vaginal rings were further tested in in vivo safety study. The results did not show any major deviation from the physiological conditions. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais Femininos , Animais , Cães , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Solubilidade , Resistência à Tração , Testes de Toxicidade
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237726, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813737

RESUMO

In this in vitro study, spherical mesoporous bioactive glass nanoparticle (MBGN) and non-porous bioactive glass nanoparticle (BGN) were fabricated. The impact of mesopores on dentinal tubule occlusion and bioactivity was compared to examine the potential of these materials in alleviating dentine hypersensitivity (DH). MBGN, dense BGN were synthesized by sol-gel methods and characterized. Bioactivity and ion dissolution ability were analyzed. Twenty-four simulated sensitive dentin discs were prepared and randomly divided into three groups (n = 8 each); Group 1, no treatment; Group 2, Dense BGN; Group 3, MBGN. Then, four discs per group were treated with 6wt.% citric acid challenge to determine the acidic resistance. The effects on dentinal tubule occlusion were observed by FESEM. The microtensile bond strength (MTBS) was also measured. Cytotoxicity was examined using the MTT assay. According to the results, dense BGN without mesopore and MBGN with mesopore were successfully fabricated. Dense BGN and MBGN occluded the dentinal tubule before and after acid challenge. However, only MBGN formed a membrane-like layer and showed hydroxyapatite formation after soaking SBF solution. There were no significant differences in MTBS among dense BGN, MBGN (P>0.05). The cell viability was above 72% of both materials. The higher bioactivity of MBGN compared with that of dense BGN arises from the structural difference and it is anticipated to facilitate dentin remineralization by inducing hydroxyapatite deposition within the dentinal tubule.


Assuntos
Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/administração & dosagem , Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Vidro/química , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Dente Pré-Molar , Dentina/metabolismo , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/química , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/farmacocinética , Permeabilidade da Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/patologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Durapatita/metabolismo , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Difração de Raios X
15.
Ultrasonics ; 108: 106223, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771811

RESUMO

Quantitative ultrasound can be used to characterize the evolution of the bone-implant interface (BII), which is a complex system due to the implant surface roughness and to partial contact between bone and the implant. The determination of the constitutive law of the BII would be of interest in the context of implant acoustical modeling in order to take into account the imperfect characteristics of the BII. The aim of the present study is to propose an analytical effective model describing the interaction between an ultrasonic wave and a rough BII. To do so, a spring model was considered to determine the equivalent stiffness K of the BII. The stiffness contributions related (i) to the partial contact between the bone and the implant and (ii) to the presence of soft tissues at the BII during the process of osseointegration were assessed independently. K was found to be comprised between 1013 and 1017 N/m3 depending on the roughness and osseointegration of the BII. Analytical values of the reflection and transmission coefficients at the BII were derived from values of K. A good agreement with numerical results obtained through finite element simulation was obtained. This model may be used for future finite element bone-implant models to replace the BII conditions.


Assuntos
Interface Osso-Implante , Osseointegração , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Modelos Teóricos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Titânio
16.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 20-29, jul. 2020. ilus.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103033

RESUMO

Objetivos: Evaluar la resistencia de unión a la microtracción en dentina humana de un sistema adhesivo universal con clorhexidina en su composición, en modo de grabado y lavado en 2 pasos, y en modo de autograbado. Metodología: 20 terceros molares divididos aleatoriamente en 4 grupos según el tipo de sistema adhesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE y Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) y modo de uso (grabado total y autograbado). Se confeccionaron cuerpos de prueba sometidos al ensayo de microtracción utilizando una máquina de ensayos universales. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los cuatro grupos estudiados. Conclusiones: La resistencia de unión de una resina compuesta a dentina humana no fue afectada por el uso de un sistema adhesivo universal que contiene clorhexidina en su composición aplicado en los modos de grabado total y autograbado


Objectives: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength to human dentin of chlorhexidine containing universal adhesive system applied in the total-etch and selfetch modes. Methods: Twenty third molars were randomly divided into four groups according to the universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal ®, 3M ESPE and Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent) and application mode used (total-etch and self-etch). Specimens were prepared and subjected to a microtensile bond strength using a MTS SANS universal testing machine. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the microtensile bond strength between the four groups studied. Conclusions: The bond strength of a composite resin to human dentin was not affected by the use of a universal adhesive system with chlorhexidine in its composition applied in the total-etch and self-etch modes.


Objetivos: Avaliar a resistência de união á microtração na dentina humana de um sistema adesivo universal com clorexidina na sua composição, no modo de condicionamento total em dois passos e no modo autocondicionante. Metodologia: 20 terceiros molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos, de acordo com o tipo de sistema adesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE e Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) e modo de uso (condicionamento total e autocondicionante). Os corpos de prova criados foram submetidos ao teste de microtração utilizando uma máquina de ensaios universal. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os quatro grupos estudados. Conclusões: A resistência de união da resina composta à dentina humana não foi afetada pelo uso de um sistema adesivo universal contendo clorexidina em sua composição, aplicado nos modos de condicionamento total ou autocondicionamento.


Assuntos
Resistência à Tração , Clorexidina , Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários
17.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 38(2): 138-144, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611859

RESUMO

Background: Use of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) after selective caries excavation can arrest the further progress of the carious lesion. Application of potassium iodide (KI) can reduce the staining due to SDF. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the application of SDF, with and without acid etching and KI on the bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) to the carious dentin of primary teeth. Materials and Methods: In thisin vitro study, caries was induced on the occlusal surface by inoculating Streptococcus mutans strain in 36 extracted primary molars. The teeth were divided into four groups (n = 9), and the following treatments were done to the carious dentin prior to final restoration with RMGIC: Group I: 10% polyacrylic acid conditioner, Group II: 38% SDF, Group III: 37% phosphoric acid etchant followed by 38% SDF, and Group IV: 37% phosphoric acid etchant followed by 38% SDF and 10% potassium iodide solution. The microtensile bond strength was measured using universal testing machine. Failure modes were recorded using a scanning electron microscope. Results: There was no significant difference in microtensile bond strengths between the groups (P = 0.665), with the highest value seen in Group III. Conclusions: Application of SDF with or without acid etching and KI does not affect the bond strength of RMGIC to carious dentin of primary teeth.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Fluoretos Tópicos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Cimentos de Resina , Compostos de Prata , Resistência à Tração , Dente Decíduo
18.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 365-372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666062

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the reparability of aged and fresh resin composite after different mechanical surface pretreatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty composite specimens (Filtek Supreme XTE, 3M Oral Care) were either aged by thermal cycling (5000 cycles, 5-55°C) and six months of water storage, or immediately processed within 5 min after polymerization. Both aged and fresh specimens were either ground with fine (46-µm) or coarse (100-µm) diamond burs and then silanized or sandblasted with aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and silanized. In the negative control group, no mechanical surface pretreatment or silanization was performed. Specimens (n = 6 per group) were repaired with an adhesive (OptiBond FL, Kerr) and a resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE). Directly adhered composite-to-composite increments served as the positive control group. After thermoycling, microtensile repair bond strength was assessed and statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Aged composite surfaces revealed significantly lower repair bond strength than immediately repaired composite. The negative control group demonstrated the significantly lowest microtensile bond strength of all groups. No significant differences in repair bond strength were observed between the different mechanical pretreatments for both aged and fresh specimens. The repair bond strength of fresh composite pretreated with a fine diamond bur + Al2O3 + silane or a coarse diamond bur with/without Al2O3 + silane did not differ significantly from the positive control group. CONCLUSION: The age of the repaired composite has a greater influence on repair bond strength than does the type of composite surface pretreatment.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Silanos , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
19.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 383-391, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666064

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of different cleaning methods on the resin bond strength to contaminated translucent 3Y-TZP ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 133 airborne-particle abraded (0.1 MPa) zirconia specimens were divided into 7 groups. Uncontaminated zirconia specimens were either not cleaned (UN) or cleaned with cleaning paste (Ivoclean) (UP1). After contamination by saliva and blood immersion, zirconia specimens were cleaned using either distilled water rinsing (CW), 99% isopropanol in an ultrasonic bath (CI), cleaning paste according to manufacturer's instructions (CP1), cleaning paste with additional rubbing (CP2), or additional airborne-particle abrasion at 0.1 MPa (CA). Three specimens from each group were examined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For each group, sixteen Plexiglas tubes filled with composite resin (Clearfil FII, Kuraray Noritake) were bonded to the zirconia specimens using a primer (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray Noritake) and luting composite (Panavia V5, Kuraray Noritake). Before measuring tensile bond strength, specimens were stored in distilled water for 3 or 150 days plus 37,500 thermal cycles. RESULTS: After 3 days, no group showed significantly different TBS compared to the control group UN (p > 0.05). However, groups CW and CI showed significantly lower TBS than all other groups after 150 days (p ≤ 0.05). XPS analysis revealed more organic residue on zirconia surfaces of groups CW and CI than on the other groups. CONCLUSION: Cleaning with the cleaning paste and airborne-particle abrasion were effective in removing saliva and blood contamination and enhancing bond strength.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Porcelana Dentária , Cerâmica , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Zircônio
20.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 393-398, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666065

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the application of different electric currents on dentin bonding and resin infiltration of self-etching and etch-and-rinse adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred four sound third molars were selected and divided in groups according to the adhesive (self-etch [CSE, Clearfil SE Bond, Kuraray Noritake], universal [SBU, Single Bond Universal, 3M Oral Care], and etch-and-rinse [SB2, Adper Single Bond 2 (SB2), 3M Oral Care]) and electrical current used (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 35 µA). Light curing was performed for 10 s with an LED-curing unit at 1000 mW/cm2. Composite blocks were constructed of nanofilled composite in increments of 2 mm, which were light cured for 20 s. Specimens were sectioned into sticks with a cross-sectional area of ~1 mm2 and stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) testing (n = 8) was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min until failure. The bonding quality (n = 2) of adhesives applied with or without 35-µA electric current was evaluated using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Bond strengths were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: CSE presented the highest µTBS for all electrical currents tested. For CSE and SBU, electrical currents from 0-20 µA showed the lowest µTBS. Electrical currents from 0-10 and 20-25 µA yielded the lowest µTBS for SB2. CSE and SB2 applied under 35 µA showed a greater number of resin tags in dentin tubules. Fluorescein penetration into the hybrid layer was found for SBU applied without electric current. CONCLUSION: The application of adhesives using 35-µA electric current improved the bond strength and quality of the adhesive interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
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