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1.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 30(6): 1197-1204, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)- to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF)-containing antiretroviral therapy may negatively influence weight, cholesterol, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk. The extent of these changes and their association with TAF remain unclear. METHODS: This retrospective cohort evaluated metabolic changes in virologically suppressed patients with HIV infection who switched from TDF to TAF without switching other antiretroviral therapy medications. Adult patients on TDF and with no HIV viral load values >200 copies/mL for ≥2 years prior to and following a TAF switch were included. Weight and other variables were collected for 2 years before and after the switch. Longitudinal linear mixed-effects models evaluated changes at 1 and 2 years after the switch. RESULTS: In the unadjusted analysis, there were increases in weight, BMI, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk scores 2 years after switching to TAF (each p ≤ 0.03). However, only increases in total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were associated with TAF and were significantly different from expected changes predicted in the adjusted longitudinal models. CONCLUSIONS: Despite observing significant unadjusted metabolic changes after switching to TAF, only changes in cholesterol were associated with TAF and were different from changes expected in time-trend adjusted models.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Substituição de Medicamentos , Infecções por HIV , Tenofovir , Ganho de Peso , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Alanina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Colesterol/sangue , Fumaratos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Tenofovir/análogos & derivados , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico
3.
J Viral Hepat ; 29(7): 551-558, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35548866

RESUMO

Improvements in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence rate and survival have been frequently reported following virus eradication after hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC cure. However, the efficacy of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy in patients who included those with advanced HCC and decreased hepatic functional reserve is unknown. A comparative examination was retrospectively conducted of 141 patients with hepatitis C who started DAA therapy within 1 year after undergoing curative HCC treatment and showed a sustained viral response (SVR) and 327 patients who underwent curative treatment for HCV-related HCC and did not subsequently receive antiviral therapy. Whether DAA therapy was given was identified as an independent factor related to both HCC recurrence and survival. Both the recurrence and survival rates improved significantly with DAA therapy in Child-Pugh (CP)-A, whereas no difference in the recurrence rate was seen with DAA therapy in CP-B. However, the survival rate was significantly higher in the DAA group in this class. Similarly, dividing the patients by the Milan criteria showed significant improvements in the recurrence rate and survival with DAA therapy in patients within the Milan criteria. Patients with HCC beyond the Milan criteria showed no difference in recurrence rates, but the DAA group tended to have higher survival rates. Thus, DAA after curative therapy for HCC can be expected to improve survival in patients with advanced HCC or decreased hepatic functional reserve. HCV should be aggressively eradicated in all patients eligible for curative treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Cruz Vermelha , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resposta Viral Sustentada
5.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 103(3): 115719, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605562

RESUMO

Limited data are available on the use of CD4+ T-cell count and percentage to predict response to direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment outside the hepatitis C virus (HCV)-HIV coinfected population. We sought to determine the impact of CD4+ T-cell count and percentage on response to DAAs in cancer patients with HCV monoinfection. Patients treated with DAAs were enrolled in a prospective observational study. CD4+ T-cell count and percentage was measured at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 12 weeks after the EOT (SVR12). A total of 174 patients were enrolled. Most patients (155/174, 89%) achieved an SVR12. A multivariate logistic regression model found that patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, HCV-3 and previous DAA treatment were more likely to develop treatment failure. Neither univariate analysis nor multivariate logistic regression analysis did show any association between CD4+ T-cell count or percentage and SVR12. CD4 T-cell count or percentage does not appear to impact SVR rates in cancer patients with HCV monoinfection receiving DAAs.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Neoplasias , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 7395506, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531123

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the geographic distribution of HCV genotypes, effectiveness, and safety of DAA treatment for HCV-infected patients in North and Northeast China. Methods: The geographic distribution of HCV genotypes was analyzed in 2162 patients recruited from April 2018 to February 2021. Sustained virologic response rates at 12 (SVR12) or 24 (SVR24) weeks posttreatment and safety were analyzed in 405 patients who completed DAA treatment according to patient baseline characteristics and treatment. Results: Four genotypes and six subtypes were identified as follows: 1b (1187, 54.90%), 2a (790, 36.54%), 3a/b (134, 6.20%), 6a/n (44, 2.04%), mixed genotypes (2a-6a or 2a-3a) (7, 0.32%). Overall, 99.01% patients achieved SVR12, while 98.43% achieved SVR24. All patients treated with elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR), sofosbuvir/velpatasvir ± ribavirin (SOF/VEL ± RBV), and SOF/ledipasvir (LDV) achieved SVR12 or SVR24; 92.86% SVR12 and 95.83% SVR24 were observed in patients using SOF + RBV. SVR12 was higher in noncirrhosis versus compensated cirrhosis patients (100% vs. 97.09%, p=0.022). No severe drug-related adverse event was observed. Conclusions: Genotypes 1b and 2a were dominant subtypes in North and Northeast China. The approved drug regimens EBR/GZR and SOF/LDV for subtype 1b and SOF/VEL for nongenotype 1b are the optimal effective and safety profile.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Hepatite C Crônica , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(4): 395-401, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545564

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the real-world efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) tablets in the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic HCV infection. Methods: An open-label, single-center, prospective clinical study was conducted in a county in northern China. A total of 299 cases were enrolled. Of these, 161 cases with chronic hepatitis C and 73 cases with compensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL for 12 weeks. 65 cases with decompensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL combined with ribavirin for 12 weeks (22 cases) or SOF/VEL for 24 weeks (43 cases). Virological indicators, liver and renal function indexes, and liver stiffness measurement were detected at baseline, the fourth week of treatment, the end of treatment, and the 12-weeks of follow-up. Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities were observed during the course of treatment . The primary endpoint was undetectable rate of HCV RNA (SVR12) at 12 weeks of follow-up with the use of modified intention-to-treat (mITT) approach. Measurement data between two groups were compared using t-test. One Way ANOVA was used for comparison between multiple groups. Enumeration data were analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: 291 cases had completed treatment. HCV RNA was undetectable after 12 weeks of follow-up, and the SVR12 rate was 97.3% (95% confidence interval: 95.4%-99.3%). Among them, 97.4% of genotype 1b, 96.4% of genotype 2a, and 100% of those with undetected genotype achieved SVR12. The SVR12 rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C, compensated and decompensated liver cirrhosis were 98.1%, 98.6% and 93.8%, respectively. An improvement in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and other liver biochemical indicators accompanied with virological clearance and reduced liver stiffness measurement was observed in patients with compensated cirrhosis, with statistically significant difference. There was no significant abnormality in renal function before and after treatment. The most common adverse reactions were fatigue, headache, epigastric discomfort and mild diarrhea. The overall adverse reactions were mild. One patient died of decompensated liver cirrhosis combined with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, which was unrelated to antiviral treatment. Four patients discontinued treatment prematurely due to adverse events. Relapse was occurred in four cases, and drug-resistance related mutations were detected in three cases. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir and velpatasvir tablets in Chinese HCV-infected patients with different genotypes, different clinical stages or previously treated with pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin resulted in higher SVR12, indicating that the treatment safety profile is good.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carbamatos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/efeitos adversos , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 89(5): 546-557, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-acquired infants benefit from an early antiretroviral treatment initiation. Thanks to a short viral exposure time, their immune system can be maintained or reconstituted, allowing a "normal" immune development. METHODS: In this study, we mathematically modeled and quantified individual CD4+ T-cell reconstitution of a subset of 276 children who started treatment within 6 months of age and achieved sustained viral suppression. Considering natural age differences in CD4+ T-cell dynamics, we fitted distances to age-matched healthy reference values with a linear model approaching an asymptote. RESULTS: Depleted CD4+ percentages (CD4%) and CD4+ counts (CD4ct) restored healthy levels during treatment. CD4ct recovered with a median rate of 4 cells/µL/d, and individual recovery rates were correlated negatively with their initial CD4ct. CD4 values at onset of treatment decrease with age, whereas recovery times and levels seem to be age-independent. CD4 recovery correlates positively with viral suppression, and the stabilization of CD4 levels usually occurs after viral suppression. CD4 levels stabilize within 3-13 months after treatment initiation. The recovery dynamics of the CD4% is comparable with those of the CD4ct. CONCLUSIONS: In early-treated children with successful viral suppression, the CD4 depletion is typically mild and CD4+ T cells tend to "fully" recover in numbers.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Criança , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lactente , Resposta Viral Sustentada
11.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 33(3): 240-247, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The course of hepatitis C disease has changed with the use of direct-acting antiviral drugs in the treatment of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the real-life efficacy and safety of the sofosbuvir/ledipasvir drug regimen in the treatment of patients with genotype 1b. METHODS: Treatment-naive or -experienced 49 genotypes 1b patients treated with sofosbuvir/ledipasvir participated in the study. Laboratory and hepatitis C virus RNA values were evaluated at baseline, week 12, and week 24 of treatment (36th week for those who received 24 weeks of treatment). RESULTS: The sustained virologic response rate was 100% in patients who completed treatment. At the end of the study, there was a significant decrease in alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and alpha-fetoprotein levels (P = .000014, P = .000581, P = .000012, and P = .000821), respectively. Renal function tests (creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate) worsened (P = .003 and P = .007, respectively). Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was developed in 2 patients during post-treatment follow-up. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, the probability of not developing HCC was 86.5% at 26 months. CONCLUSION: The sofosbuvir/ledipasvir combination is effective in treating genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C with high sustained virologic response rates. Because there are few drug interactions, it may be a suitable option for patients taking multiple medications or who are transplant recipients. Renal function should be monitored closely during and after treatment, as there is a risk of worsening renal function after treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Fluorenos , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Pharmacotherapy ; 42(5): 397-404, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35396730

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical relationship between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and sustained virologic response (SVR) in patients treated with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. DESIGN: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Data was collected on patients from 128 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers throughout the United States. PATIENTS: This study included veterans aged 18-89 years with viremic HCV who received a full course of SOF/VEL treatment from June 2016 - July 2017. INTERVENTION: Sustained viral response was compared in patients taking SOF/VEL with or without concurrent PPI prescriptions. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Analysis of the primary outcome was completed utilizing logistic regression. The relationship between SVR and PPI use was adjusted for African-American race, presence of cirrhosis, prior treatment, BMI greater than 30 kg/m2, and HCV genotype. The final analysis included 4,008 veterans, 830 with concomitant PPI use and 3,178 without PPI use. After adjustment for other variables in the logistic model, there was no statistically significant association between PPI use and lower SVR (odds ratio 0.67; 95%CI: 0.42, 1.06; p = 0.087). CONCLUSION: Concomitant PPI treatment adjusted for other variables did not significantly impact success or failure of SOF/VEL treatment of chronic HCV. Despite the lack of significant association identified in this study, in efforts to provide the best care possible, it remains prudent to proceed with caution in patients desiring to use PPI therapy while receiving SOF/VEL, and ensure prescribing instructions are closely followed in regard to concomitant PPI use, especially in patients with other risk factors for decreased SVR.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Veteranos , Antivirais , Carbamatos , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis , Humanos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sofosbuvir , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(5): 560-566, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People who use drugs (PWUDs) are the main group at risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission and a key population for hepatitis C elimination. Multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings were set up in France in December 2014 within regional reference centers to supervise the prescriptions and delivery of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) to optimize the management of HCV infection. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the changes in the profile and therapeutic care of PWUDs with HCV mono-infection according to the evolution of MDT meetings in a regional tertiary reference center. METHODS: Between 2015 and 2019, overall 1912 HCV-infected patients presented at the MDT meetings, 547 were PWUDs with HCV mono-infection treated with DAAs. Five periods were defined according to the evolution of MDT meetings. The profile and management of PWUDs were compared among these five periods. RESULTS: Over time, the frequency of advanced stage of fibrosis decreased from 90.8 to 36.3% (P < 0.001), whereas the therapeutic care of the patients in primary addictology centers and networks of general practitioners increased from 17.4 to 55% (P < 0.001). The frequency of excessive alcohol consumption varied between 9.1 and 30% (P = 0.003) and that of opioid substitution therapy between 42.5 and 70% (P < 0.001). The Sustained virologic response assessed 12 weeks after the end of treatment rate was above 95% for the five periods. CONCLUSION: Between 2015 and 2019, the changes in the profile and management of PWUDs have followed the evolution of MDT meetings concerning patients with less advanced fibrosis and more therapeutic hepatitis C care made by the primary care centers.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Fibrose , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resposta Viral Sustentada
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(11): 1172-1183, 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 6 (HCV-6) infection is prevalent predominantly in Southeast Asia, and the data on the virologic response of HCV-6 to direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are sparse in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH). AIM: To assess the virologic response of HCV-6 to DAAs in PLWH. METHODS: From September 2016 to July 2019, PLWH coinfected with HCV-6 initiating DAAs were included. Laboratory investigations were performed at baseline, the end of treatment, and 12 wk off-therapy. RESULTS: Of the 349 PLWH included (mean age 48.9 years, 82.5% men), 80.5% comprised people who inject drugs, 18.1% men who have sex with men, and 1.4% heterosexuals. Coexistent hepatitis B virus infection was present in 12.3% of the included PLWH, liver cirrhosis 10.9%, hepatocellular carcinoma 0.9%, and previous HCV treatment experience 10.9%. The mean baseline plasma HCV RNA was 6.2 log10 IU/mL. Treatment with glecaprevir/pibrentasvir was initiated in 51.9%, sofosbuvir/ledipasvir 41.5%, sofosbuvir/velpatasvir 6.3%, and sofosbuvir/daclatasvir 0.3%. At DAA initiation, antiretroviral therapy containing tenofovir alafenamide was given in 26.4%, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 34.4%, non-tenofovir alafenamide/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 39.3%, non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors 30.4%, protease inhibitors 4.0%, and integrase strand transfer inhibitors 66.8%; 94.8% of the included patients had CD4 counts ≥ 200 cells/mm3 and 96.0% had plasma HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL. Overall, 96.8% achieved undetectable plasma HCV RNA (< 30 IU/mL) at end of treatment; and 92.3% achieved sustained virologic response 12 wk off-therapy in the intention-to-treat analysis (93.5% in patients receiving sofosbuvir-based DAAs and 91.2% in those receiving glecaprevir/pibrentasvir). CONCLUSION: Similar to the observation made in HIV-negative patients, sustained virologic response 12 wk off-therapy with DAAs is high in PLWH coinfected with HCV-6.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Antivirais/farmacologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Genótipo , HIV , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Viral Hepat ; 29(5): 395-406, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266624

RESUMO

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with neuropsychiatric changes. Also, patients with cirrhosis may develop overt or minimal hepatic encephalopathy. Sustained virological response (SVR) with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) may improve the neuropsychiatric manifestations and quality of life (QoL). Consecutive patients (with and without cirrhosis, all genders and aged 18-65 years) with hepatitis C were assessed at enrolment and at 12 weeks after therapy completion for mood (Beck's Depression Inventory [BDI]), anxiety (generalized anxiety disorder [GAD-7]), QoL (SF-36 ver.2) and computer-based tests for number connection (NCT), visual memory, Stroop test and reaction times. We recruited 385 viraemic chronic HCV patients (76.1% male, 21.0% cirrhotic, mean age 39.4 ± 14.2 years, 59.3% genotype 3, mean HCV RNA load 5.8 log). Overall SVR-12 rates were 90.6%, with cure rates 87.6% and 91.4% in patients with and without cirrhosis, respectively. Patients who achieved SVR-12 had mean percentage reduction in BDI (11.3%, p = .000), GAD (8.6%, p = .001) and Stroop test (58.4%, p = .001), with improved NCT (1.7%, p = .001), visual memory (13.7%, p = .001) and digit span (23.8%, p = .002). On multivariate logistic regression, adherence (OR, 17.5 [95% CI 2.80-110.50], p = .000), high ALT (OR 1.02 [95% CI 1.00-1.05]), and BDI score (OR 1.73 [95% CI 1.42-3.26] p = .039) predicted cure. SVR-12 was associated with improved visual memory ≥5.5 (AUC-0.708; sensitivity 62.5%, specificity 63%, p = .000) and % correct Stroop test responses >26.6% (AUC-0.918, sensitivity 94.4% specificity 80.4%, p = .000). In conclusion, given the cumulative evidence of the safety of DAAs and efficacy of improving cognitive and neuropsychological and quality-of-life outcomes irrespective of age and gender, as shown in our study, future recommendations should focus on integrated universal HCV care to enable HCV elimination.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos de Ansiedade/complicações , Transtornos de Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão , Feminino , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Viral Hepat ; 29(6): 474-486, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35278339

RESUMO

Achieving global elimination of hepatitis C virus requires a substantial scale-up of testing. Point-of-care HCV viral load assays are available as an alternative to laboratory-based assays to promote access in hard to reach or marginalized populations. The diagnostic performance and lower limit of detection are important attributes of these new assays for both diagnosis and test of cure. Therefore, our objective was to determine an acceptable LLoD for detectable HCV viraemia as a test for cure, 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12). We assembled a global data set of patients with detectable viraemia at SVR12 from observational databases from 9 countries (Egypt, the United States, United Kingdom, Georgia, Ukraine, Myanmar, Cambodia, Pakistan, Mozambique) and two pharmaceutical-sponsored clinical trial registries. We examined the distribution of HCV viral load at SVR12 and presented the 90th, 95th, 97th and 99th percentiles. We used logistic regression to assess characteristics associated with low-level virological treatment failure (defined as <1000 IU/mL). There were 5973 cases of detectable viraemia at SVR12 from the combined data set. Median detectable HCV RNA at SVR12 was 287,986 IU/mL. The level of detection for the 95th percentile was 227 IU/mL (95% CI 170-276). Females and those with minimal fibrosis were more likely to experience low-level viraemia at SVR12 compared to men (adjusted odds ratio AOR = 1.60 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.30-1.97 and those with cirrhosis (AOR = 1.49 95% CI 1.15-1.93). In conclusion, an assay with a level of detection of 1000 IU/mL or greater may miss a proportion of those with low-level treatment failure.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , RNA Viral , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral , Viremia/diagnóstico , Viremia/tratamento farmacológico
19.
JAMA Intern Med ; 182(5): 494-502, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35285851

RESUMO

Importance: To achieve hepatitis C elimination, treatment programs need to engage, treat, and cure people who inject drugs. Objective: To compare a low-threshold, nonstigmatizing hepatitis C treatment program that was colocated at a syringe service program (accessible care) with facilitated referral to local clinicians through a patient navigation program (usual care). Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-site randomized clinical trial was conducted at the Lower East Side Harm Reduction Center, a syringe service program in New York, New York, and included 167 participants who were hepatitis C virus RNA-positive and had injected drugs during the prior 90 days. Participants enrolled between July 2017 and March 2020. Data were analyzed after all patients completed 1 year of follow-up (after March 2021). Interventions: Participants were randomized 1:1 to the accessible care or usual care arm. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was achieving sustained virologic response within 12 months of enrollment. Results: Among the 572 participants screened, 167 (mean [SD] age, 42.0 [10.6] years; 128 (77.6%) male, 36 (21.8%) female, and 1 (0.6) transgender individuals; 8 (4.8%) Black, 97 (58.5%) Hispanic, and 53 (32.1%) White individuals) met eligibility criteria and were enrolled, with 2 excluded postrandomization (n = 165). Baseline characteristics were similar between the 2 arms. In the intention-to-treat analysis, 55 of 82 participants (67.1%) in the accessible care arm and 19 of 83 participants (22.9%) in the usual care arm achieved a sustained virologic response (P < .001). Loss to follow-up (12.2% [accessible care] and 16.9% [usual care]; P = .51) was similar in the 2 arms. Of the participants who received therapy, 55 of 64 (85.9%) and 19 of 22 (86.3%) achieved a sustained virologic response in the accessible care and usual care arms, respectively (P = .96). Significantly more participants in the accessible care arm achieved all steps in the care cascade, with the greatest attrition in the usual care arm seen in referral to hepatitis C virus clinician and attending clinical visit. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, among people who inject drugs with hepatitis C infection, significantly higher rates of cure were achieved using the accessible care model that focused on low-threshold, colocated, destigmatized, and flexible hepatitis C care compared with facilitated referral. To achieve hepatitis C elimination, expansion of treatment programs that are specifically geared toward engaging people who inject drugs is paramount. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03214679.


Assuntos
Usuários de Drogas , Hepatite C , Adulto , Feminino , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Resposta Viral Sustentada
20.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 117(4): 627-636, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35103020

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have modified the management of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, including HCV-related cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CryoVas). However, patients might experience vasculitis relapse, and no reliable predictors of CryoVas relapse after sustained virologic response (SVR) have been established. We aimed to describe HCV-CryoVas relapse rates and factors associated with it. METHODS: An international multicenter cohort where patients with HCV-CryoVas from Egypt, France, and Italy treated with DAA were analyzed retrospectively. Factors associated with relapse-free survival were evaluated in a multivariate-adjusted model. RESULTS: Of 913 patients, 911 (99.8%) obtained SVR. After 35 months of the median follow-up, 798 patients (87.4%) had sustained remission of vasculitis, while 115 (12.6%) experienced CryoVas relapse. By the time of relapse, skin involvement was present in 100%, renal involvement in 85.2%, and peripheral neuropathy in 81.7%. Relapses were treated with glucocorticoids in 90.9%, associated with plasma exchange, cyclophosphamide, or rituximab in 50%, 37.3%, and 6.4%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of CryoVas relapse was 0.7% (95% CI 0.3-1.4), 12.3% (95% CI 10.2-14.6), and 13.1% (95% CI 11.0-15.5) at 12, 24, and 36 months after DAA treatment, respectively. Independent baseline risk factors associated with CryoVas relapse were male sex, skin ulcers, kidney involvement at baseline, and peripheral neuropathy at the end of DAA treatment. Death occurred in 11 relapsers, mainly due to infections. DISCUSSION: A substantial proportion of patients with CryoVas experience relapse after DAA-induced SVR. Relapses are moderate-to-severe and affect survival after 24 months, mainly due to infections. Independent risk factors for relapse or death were found.


Assuntos
Crioglobulinemia , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Vasculite , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Crioglobulinemia/complicações , Crioglobulinemia/etiologia , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Interferons/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico
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