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1.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 783-793, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981617

RESUMO

Intravenous (IV) fluids are among the most common interventions performed in the emergency department. They are at times lifesaving, but if used recklessly can be harmful. Given their ubiquity, it is important to understand the history, physiology, and current strategies that govern the use of IV fluids during the resuscitation of the critically ill.


Assuntos
Hidratação , Ressuscitação/métodos , Coloides/uso terapêutico , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Soluções Cristaloides/química , Soluções Cristaloides/uso terapêutico , Eletrólitos/análise , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Hidratação/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Choque/fisiopatologia , Pressão Venosa/fisiologia
2.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 807-818, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981619

RESUMO

Sepsis care has evolved significantly since the initial early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) trials. Early fluid resuscitation, source control, and antibiotic therapy remain cornerstones of care but overall understanding is more nuanced, particularly regarding fluid selection, vasopressors, and inotropic support. Timely nutrition therapy and ventilatory support tend to receive less attention but also are important. Recent research has explored immunomodulation, ß-blockade, and vitamin supplementation. A renewed emphasis on early, aggressive resuscitation reaffirms the importance of emergency medicine providers knowledgeable and skilled in sepsis management.


Assuntos
Ressuscitação/métodos , Sepse/terapia , Angiotensina II/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Glicemia/análise , Pressão Sanguínea , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Estado Terminal , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Nutrição Enteral , Hidratação , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Respiração Artificial , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico
3.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 819-839, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981620

RESUMO

Pediatric cardiac arrest is a relatively rare but devastating presentation in infants and children. In contrast to adult patients, in whom a primary cardiac dysrhythmia is the most likely cause of cardiac arrest, pediatric patients experience cardiovascular collapse most frequently after an initial respiratory arrest. Aggressive treatment in the precardiac arrest state should be initiated to prevent deterioration and should focus on support of oxygenation, ventilation, and hemodynamics, regardless of the presumed cause. Unfortunately, outcomes for pediatric cardiac arrest, whether in hospital or out of hospital, continue to be poor.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Glicemia/análise , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/terapia , Cardioversão Elétrica , Eletroencefalografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hipotermia/complicações , Hipotermia/terapia , Hipotermia Induzida , Pneumopatias/terapia , Pais , Exame Físico , Envenenamento/terapia , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Valores de Referência , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Taxa Respiratória , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Sepse/terapia , Choque/etiologia , Choque/terapia , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
4.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 841-856, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981621
5.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 857-869, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981622

RESUMO

The obesity pandemic now affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. As obesity rates continue to increase, emergency physicians are called on with increasing frequency to resuscitate obese patients. This article discusses important anatomic, physiologic, and practical challenges imposed by obesity on resuscitative care. Impacts on hemodynamic monitoring, airway and ventilator management, and pharmacologic therapy are discussed. Finally, several important clinical scenarios (trauma, cardiac arrest, and sepsis), in which alterations to standard treatments may benefit obese patients, are highlighted.


Assuntos
Obesidade/complicações , Ressuscitação/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Composição Corporal , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Medidas de Volume Pulmonar , Consumo de Oxigênio , Farmacocinética , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
6.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 903-917, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981625

RESUMO

Care of the critically ill pregnant patient is anxiety-provoking for those unprepared, as the emergency physician must consider not only the welfare of the immediate patient, but of the fetus as well. Familiarity with the physiologic changes of pregnancy and how they affect clinical presentation and management is key. Although some medications may be safer in pregnancy than others, stabilizing the pregnant patient is paramount. Emergency physicians should target pregnancy-specific oxygen and ventilation goals and hemodynamics and should be prepared to perform a perimortem cesarean section, should the mother lose pulses, to increase chances for maternal and fetal survival.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Gasometria , Cesárea , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Estado Terminal , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Monitorização Fetal , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/administração & dosagem , Intubação Intratraqueal , Troca Materno-Fetal , Ventilação não Invasiva , Circulação Placentária , Gravidez/fisiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Choque/terapia
7.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 931-944, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981627

RESUMO

Emergency physicians must be prepared to rapidly diagnose and resuscitate patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). Certain aspects of PE resuscitation run counter to typical approaches. A specific understanding of the pathophysiology of PE is required to avoid cardiovascular collapse potentially associated with excessive intravenous fluids and positive pressure ventilation. Once PE is diagnosed, rapid risk stratification should be performed and treatment guided by patient risk class. Although anticoagulation remains the mainstay of PE treatment, emergency physicians also must understand the indications and contraindications for thrombolysis and should be aware of new therapies and models of care that may improve outcomes.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estado Terminal , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Hidratação , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Trombólise Mecânica , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Óxido Nítrico/uso terapêutico , Oxigenoterapia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Embolia Pulmonar/classificação , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Terapia Trombolítica , Troponina/sangue , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico
8.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 38(4): 945-959, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981628

RESUMO

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mechanical way to provide oxygenation, ventilation, and perfusion to patients with severe cardiopulmonary failure. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) describes the use of ECMO during cardiac arrest. ECPR requires an organized approach to resuscitation, cannula insertion, and pump initiation. Selecting the right patients for ECPR is an important aspect of successful programs. A solid understanding of the components of the ECMO circuit is critical to troubleshooting problems. Current evidence suggests a substantial benefit of ECPR compared with traditional CPR for refractory cardiac arrest but is limited by lack of randomized trials to date.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Débito Cardíaco , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia
9.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 38: e2020165, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recently, there have been reports of children with severe inflammatory syndrome and multiorgan dysfunction associated with elevated inflammatory markers. These cases are reported as presenting the Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) associated with COVID-19. In this study, we describe with parental permission a case of MIS-C in an infant with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. CASE DESCRIPTION: A seven-month-old infant, with SARS-CoV-2 infection and a history of extreme preterm birth and very low weight at birth, with an initial course of mild respiratory symptoms and abrupt progression to vasoplegic shock, myocarditis and hyperinflammation syndrome, shown by high levels of troponin I, ferritin, CRP, D-dimer and hypoalbuminemia. Despite the intensive care provided, the child developed multiple organ dysfunction and died. COMMENTS: Patients with a history of extreme prematurity may present with MIS-C in the presence of COVID-19 and are a group of special concern.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ressuscitação , Choque , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica , Deterioração Clínica , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Nascimento Prematuro , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Choque/etiologia , Choque/terapia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/terapia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/virologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
10.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907923

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Current International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation recommendations on epinephrine administration during neonatal resuscitation were derived in 2010 from indirect evidence in animal or pediatric studies. OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of human infant and relevant animal studies comparing other doses, routes, and intervals of epinephrine administration in neonatal resuscitation with (currently recommended) administration of 0.01 to 0.03 mg/kg doses given intravenously (IV) every 3 to 5 minutes. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and trial registry databases. STUDY SELECTION: Predefined criteria were used for selection. DATA EXTRACTION: Risk of bias was assessed by using published tools appropriate for the study type. Certainty of evidence was assessed by using Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. RESULTS: Only 2 of 4 eligible cohort studies among 593 unique retrieved records yielded data allowing comparisons. There were no differences between IV and endotracheal epinephrine for the primary outcome of death at hospital discharge (risk ratio = 1.03 [95% confidence interval 0.62 to 1.71]) or for failure to achieve return of spontaneous circulation, time to return of spontaneous circulation (1 study; 50 infants), or proportion receiving additional epinephrine (2 studies; 97 infants). There were no differences in outcomes between 2 endotracheal doses (1 study). No human infant studies were found in which authors addressed IV dose or dosing interval. LIMITATIONS: The search yielded sparse human evidence of very low certainty (downgraded for serious risk of bias and imprecision). CONCLUSIONS: Administration of epinephrine by endotracheal versus IV routes resulted in similar survival and other outcomes. However, in animal studies, researchers continue to suggest benefit of IV administration using currently recommended doses.


Assuntos
Broncodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Epinefrina/administração & dosagem , Ressuscitação/métodos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Infusões Intravenosas
11.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International guidelines for resuscitation recommend using positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during ventilation of preterm newborns. Reliable PEEP-valves for self-inflating bags have been lacking, and effects of PEEP during resuscitation of term newborns are insufficiently studied. The objective was to determine if adding a new PEEP valve to the bag-mask during resuscitation of term and near-term newborns could improve heart rate response. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was performed at Haydom Lutheran Hospital in Tanzania (September 2016 to June 2018). Helping Babies Breathe-trained midwives performed newborn resuscitation using self-inflating bags with or without a new, integrated PEEP valve. All live-born newborns who received bag-mask ventilation at birth were eligible. Heart rate response measured by ECG was the primary outcome, and clinical outcome and ventilation data were recorded. RESULTS: Among 417 included newborns (median birth weight 3200 g), 206 were ventilated without and 211 with PEEP. We found no difference in heart rate response. Median (interquartile range) measured PEEP in the PEEP group was 4.7 (2.0-5.6) millibar. The PEEP group received lower tidal volumes (4.9 [1.9-8.2] vs 6.3 [3.9-10.5] mL/kg; P = .02) and had borderline lower expired CO2 (2.9 [1.5-4.3] vs 3.3 [1.9-5.0] %; P = .05). Twenty four-hour mortality was 9% in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence for improved heart rate response during bag-mask ventilation with PEEP compared with no PEEP. The PEEP valve delivered a median PEEP within the intended range. The findings do not support routine use of PEEP during resuscitation of newborns around term.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/instrumentação , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Ressuscitação/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Tocologia , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Ressuscitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Tamanho da Amostra , Nascimento a Termo
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22056, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899069

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: With the development of social economy, transportation and various infrastructures have also developed, but it has objectively increased the number of patients with head injury. Although the current craniocerebral medicine technology continues to advance, long-term bed rest and other complications have led to an insignificant decrease in the mortality rate of coma patients. It is not uncommon for patients with disturbance of consciousness caused by head injury in major hospitals. METHODS/DESIGN: This will be a retrospective, single-blind clinical observational study. We will select 50 cases that meet the subject's selection criteria. According to whether they received acupuncture treatment or not, they will be randomly divided into 2 groups, namely treatment group and control group. The control group will be given conventional Western medicine treatment, and the treatment group will be given acupuncture method of removing-stasis and resuscitating treatment on the basis of the control group. DISCUSSION: Our purpose is to observe the role of acupuncture method of removing-stasis and resuscitating in promoting the recovery of patients with severe head injury. We aim to provide more evidence-based medical evidence for acupuncture treatment of this disease. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR2000034732, Registered on 19 July 2020.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Coma/terapia , Estado Vegetativo Persistente/terapia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Coma/etiologia , Coma/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada , Estado de Consciência , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medicamentos sob Prescrição , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Método Simples-Cego
14.
Pediatrics ; 146(3)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778541

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a well-established neonatal resuscitation program designed to reduce newborn mortality in low-resource settings. OBJECTIVES: In this literature review, we aim to identify challenges, knowledge gaps, and successes associated with each stage of HBB programming. DATA SOURCES: Databases used in the systematic search included Medline, POPLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, African Index Medicus, Cochrane, and Index Medicus. STUDY SELECTION: All articles related to HBB, in any language, were included. Article quality was assessed by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted if related to HBB, including its implementation, acquisition and retention of HBB knowledge and skills, changes in provider behavior and clinical care, or the impact on newborn outcomes. RESULTS: Ninety-four articles met inclusion criteria. Barriers to HBB implementation include staff turnover and limited time or focus on training and practice. Researchers of several studies found HBB cost-effective. Posttraining decline in knowledge and skills can be prevented with low-dose high-frequency refresher trainings, on-the-job practice, or similar interventions. Impact of HBB training on provider clinical practices varies. Although not universal, researchers in multiple studies have shown a significant association of decreased perinatal mortality with HBB implementation. LIMITATIONS: In addition to not conducting a gray literature search, articles relating only to Essential Care for Every Baby or Essential Care for Small Babies were not included in this review. CONCLUSIONS: Key challenges and requirements for success associated with each stage of HBB programming were identified. Despite challenges in obtaining neonatal mortality data, the program is widely believed to improve neonatal outcomes in resource-limited settings.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal/mortalidade , Asfixia Neonatal/terapia , Competência Clínica , Mortalidade Infantil , Ressuscitação/educação , Ressuscitação/métodos , Asfixia Neonatal/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Recém-Nascido
16.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236194, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Worldwide, four million neonate deaths happen annually, and birth asphyxia accounts for one million deaths. Improving providers' neonatal resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care and for morbidity and mortality reduction. However, retention of these skills has been challenging in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess neonatal resuscitation skills retention and associated factors among midwives and nurses in Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted using a pre-tested, structured, observational checklist. A total of 427 midwives and nurses were included from 28 public health facilities by cluster sampling and simple random sampling methods. Data were collected on facility type, availability of essential resuscitation equipment, socio-demographic characteristics of participants, current working unit, years of professional experience, whether a nurse or midwife received refresher training, and skills and knowledge related to neonatal resuscitation. Binary logistic regression was used to analyse the association between neonatal resuscitation skill retention and independent variables. RESULTS: About 11.2% of nurses and midwives were found to have retention of neonatal resuscitation skills. Being a midwife (AOR, 7.39 [95% CI: 2.25, 24.24]), ever performing neonatal resuscitation (AOR, 3.33 [95% CI: 1.09, 10.15]), bachelor sciences degree or above (AOR, 4.21 [95% CI: 1.60, 11.00]), and good knowledge of neonatal resuscitation (AOR, 3.31 [95% CI: 1.41, 7.73]) were significantly associated with skill retention of midwives and nurses. CONCLUSION: Basic neonatal resuscitation skills of midwives and nurses in Eastern Ethiopia are not well retained. This could increase the death of neonates due to asphyxia. Being a midwife, Bachelor Sciences degree or above educational status, ever performing neonatal resuscitation, and good knowledge were associated with skill retention. Providers should be encouraged to upgrade their educational level to build their skill retention and expose themselves to NR. Further, understanding factors affecting how midwives and nurses gain and retain skills using high-level methodology are essential.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal/terapia , Competência Clínica , Tocologia/educação , Enfermagem Neonatal/educação , Ressuscitação/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Lista de Checagem , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Spec Oper Med ; 20(2): 123-126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573748

RESUMO

We present the case of a severely injured Special Operations Servicemember whose care was remarkable for three unique interventions: the first use of a walking blood bank performed at the point of injury, prolonged permissive hypotension, and intermittent resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA).


Assuntos
Medicina Militar/métodos , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/terapia , Aorta , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , Transfusão de Sangue , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Hipotensão , Ressuscitação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 89(1): 238-245, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transfusion with uncrossmatched cold-stored low-titer group O-positive or -negative whole blood (WB) in civilian trauma has been investigated as an alternative to component therapy but only in limited volumes. To our knowledge, this is the first analysis of the safety and efficacy of large volume transfusion of patients with trauma with WB. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort analysis comparing trauma patients resuscitated with component therapy (COMP) versus component therapy plus WB. The COMP group was comprised of patients who presented from January 2017 through June 2018 and the WB group from patients who presented from July 2018 through January 2019 after WB became available. We included patients if they received 1 unit of WB or red blood cells (RBCs) within 24 hours of admission and had massive transfusion protocol activated. We used bivariate analysis to compare groups. For analysis, one unit of WB equaled 1 unit of RBCs, 1 unit of plasma, and 1/6 of a unit of platelets. RESULTS: Forty-two patients received WB and 83 patients received COMP with similar baseline characteristics. Patients had a median age of 41 years (interquartile range [IQR], 28-61 years) and 73% were male. Thirty percent had penetrating injuries with a median Injury Severity Score of 29 (IQR, 17-38). The WB group received a median of 6.5 units (IQR, 3-11). The WB group received significantly more component-equivalent units but with a plasma/RBC ratio of 0.94:1 compared with 0.8:1 (p < 0.001). There were no differences in 24-hour mortality (COMP, 27% vs. WB, 29%, p = 0.8) or 30-day mortality (COMP, 46% vs. WB, 58% p = 0.2). There were no transfusion reactions. CONCLUSION: Transfusion utilizing primarily WB in civilian trauma is feasible, even in large volumes. It appears to be a safe and effective addition to component therapy and may lead to a more balanced resuscitation but with more overall product used. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic study, Level IV.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Segurança do Paciente , Ressuscitação/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 105(5): 559-561, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parents often prefer being present during neonatal resuscitation and benefit from this experience. We aim to determine if parental presence during neonatal resuscitation affects the perceived workload of healthcare providers. METHODS: Perceived workload was measured using the multidimensional retrospective National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index survey. Over 3 months, healthcare providers were asked to complete a paper and pencil survey following their participation in a neonatal resuscitation. Surveys also collected healthcare providers' reports of parental presence during resuscitation. RESULTS: 204 surveys were completed. Of these 183 (90%) had complete information about parental presence. Overall workload of healthcare professionals was significantly lower when at least one parent was present (33; 16-47) compared with when no parents were present (46; 29-57) during the resuscitation (p=0.0004). CONCLUSION: This work supports the presence of parents during neonatal resuscitation. Parental presence during neonatal resuscitation was associated with decreased overall workload experienced by healthcare providers.


Assuntos
Pais/psicologia , Ressuscitação/métodos , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Índice de Apgar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Percepção , Estudos Retrospectivos
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