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1.
West Afr J Med ; 37(3): 253-259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stainless steel crown (SSC) restoration is one of the restorative treatment options in the management of carious primary molars. The Hall technique is a biologic method of managing carious primary teeth by sealing in the caries with SSCs without the routine local anaesthesia and tooth preparations. The objectives of this study was to compare the treatment assessments of the conventional stainless steel crown restoration with Hall technique using subjects' discomfort during treatments and parents' treatment perception, treatment acceptability and satisfaction with the treatment. METHODS: The study was a comparative analytical study involving the placement of 25 SSC restorations using the conventional method and 25 SSC restorations using the Hall technique in 25 subjects aged 3-8 years with a pair or pairs of unrestored enamel or dentinal carious primary molars matched for tooth type, dental arch and extent of caries. Discomfort during the placements of the SSCs was assessed by the subjects while treatment perception, acceptability and satisfaction were assessed by the parents with the use of questionnaires. RESULTS: There was statistically significant difference (p-value 0.00001) between the conventional method and the Hall technique for the discomfort outcomes. There was no statistically significant difference for treatment perception (p=0.73), acceptability (0.72) and satisfaction (0.60). CONCLUSION: The Hall Technique compared favourably well with the conventional method in treatment perception, acceptability and satisfaction but it gave higher level of discomfort in some of the subjects. The Hall Technique appears to be a good method for managing dental caries in primary molar teeth especially in a resource challenged environment where electricity and access to care are contending issues.


Assuntos
Coroas , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Aço Inoxidável , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ligas Dentárias , Humanos , Dente Molar/patologia , Dente Decíduo/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(6): 798-804, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525114

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluation the treatment success of the short post technique (mushroom restoration) using a composite resin in severely decayed primary anterior teeth after 6, 12, and 18 months after treatment. Methods: Eighteen children aged 3-5 years with severely decayed primary maxillary anterior teeth (60 anterior maxillary primary teeth in total) were included. Patients were treated under general anesthesia (GA). After pulpectomy, a "mushroom shape" was formed in the root canals for the purpose of retention, and the root canals were filled with zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE), and the teeth were restored with composite resin. The status of treatment was evaluated clinically and radiographically for periapical radiolucency, pathological root resorption, marginal fracture, and loss of restoration for each treated tooth. All findings were recorded. Results: As a result of the evaluation criteria, the success rates at 6, 12 and 18 months were 86%, 80%, and 71%, respectively. None of the teeth showed apical radiolucency or pathological root resorption at the end of the 18th month period. Conclusion: The short-post (mushroom restorations) technique is a clinically acceptable alternative method for restoration of severely decayed primary teeth. This study supports the feasibility of treatment with this technique for pediatric patients treated under GA.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Pulpectomia/métodos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Dente Decíduo/cirurgia , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol/uso terapêutico , Anestesia Geral , Pré-Escolar , Resinas Compostas/química , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Pulpectomia/efeitos adversos , Reabsorção da Raiz , Traumatismos Dentários/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190544, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348440

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the influence of three levels of dental structure loss on stress distribution and bite load in root canal-treated young molar teeth that were filled with bulk-fill resin composite, using finite element analysis (FEA) to predict clinical failure. Methodology Three first mandibular molars with extensive caries lesions were selected in teenager patients. The habitual occlusion bite force was measured using gnathodynamometer before and after endodontic/restoration procedures. The recorded bite forces were used as input for patient-specific FEA models, generated from cone-beam computed tomographic (CT) scans of the teeth before and after treatment. Loads were simulated using the contact loading of the antagonist molars selected based on the CT scans and clinical evaluation. Pre and post treatment bite forces (N) in the 3 patients were 30.1/136.6, 34.3/133.4, and 47.9/124.1. Results Bite force increased 260% (from 36.7±11.6 to 131.9±17.8 N) after endodontic and direct restoration. Before endodontic intervention, the stress concentration was located in coronal tooth structure; after rehabilitation, the stresses were located in root dentin, regardless of the level of tooth structure loss. The bite force used on molar teeth after pulp removal during endodontic treatment resulted in high stress concentrations in weakened tooth areas and at the furcation. Conclusion Extensive caries negatively affected the bite force. After pulp removal and endodontic treatment, stress and strain concentrations were higher in the weakened dental structure. Root canal treatment associated with direct resin composite restorative procedure could restore the stress-strain conditions in permanent young molar teeth.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Resinas Compostas/química , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente Molar , Dente não Vital/terapia , Criança , Força Compressiva , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Modelagem Computacional Específica para o Paciente , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resistência à Tração , Dente não Vital/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(4): 489-497, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246655

RESUMO

Objective: This prospective study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of different restorative materials in primary molars with class II carious lesions. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 class II carious lesions (with radiographic involvement of the outer half of dentin) in 30 patients were randomly divided into four groups and restored with a glass ionomer restorative system (Equia™), two different bulk-fill composites (Sonicfill™ and X-tra fil™), and a nanohybrid composite (Filtek Z550™). The restorations were clinically and radiographically evaluated at the baseline, and 3, 6, and 12 months according to the modified United States Public Health Service criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using Pearson's Chi-square and McNemar tests. Results: After 1 year, 134 restorations were evaluated in 26 patients. Equia was statistically less successful than the other restorative materials in marginal adaptation and retention criteria (P < 0.05). However, no material was found to be superior to the others over the study period in marginal discoloration, color matching, secondary caries, anatomical form, and postoperative sensitivity (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The bulk-fill and conventional composites exhibited good clinical performance, and Equia exhibited minor changes over the 1-year trial period.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Dióxido de Silício , Adaptação Fisiológica , Biometria , Criança , Cor , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Materiais Dentários , Dentina , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Molar , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Dente Decíduo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(3): 434-436, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134047

RESUMO

In today's dentistry, with the development of adhesive techniques and the improvement of resin-based materials, invasive restorative treatments have been replaced by minimally invasive or noninvasive restorative procedures. Fiber-reinforced adhesive bridges are minimal-invasive or noninvasive restorations that can be applied for definitive restoration in single tooth loss or short spans, where teeth or implant-supported fixed partial prosthesis cannot be applied. This case series describes the rehabilitation of three patients with anterior single tooth loss using the direct fiber-reinforced adhesive bridge. In all patients, esthetic and functional deficiencies in the missing tooth regions were solved with this minimally invasive technique, which is both cost-effective and conservative of tooth structures. During the three-year follow-up of these cases, there was neither fracture nor decementation in the restorations. Also, no caries or sensitivity was noted in the support teeth.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Prótese Parcial , Perda de Dente/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Dente Artificial
6.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(2): 165-171, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031090

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of the diode laser used for dentin sensitivity on the clinical success of non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) restorations restored with different adhesive systems. Methods: 20 NCCLs were restorated with Universal Single Bond (Self Etch) (3M, USA) and Grandio (Voco, Germany), 20 NCCLs were restorated with Universal Single Bond (Total Etch) and Grandio. After diode laser application, 20 NCCLs were restorated with Universal Single Bond and Grandio, 20 NCCLs were restorated with Universal Single Bond (Total Etch) and Grandio. The restorations were clinical evaluated by two examiners at baseline, for 6 and 18 months using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) Criteria. Chi-square test was used for statistical analyse. Results: The lowest rates of retention was found in the Group 1. There was no statistically significant difference among the groups in marginal discoloration, marginal integrity, sensitivity (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Diode laser application prior to the restoration of teeth with NCCL don't reduce the retention rate of restorations, may reduce hypersensitivity and may affect the success of restoration. However, further laboratory and clinical studies are required.


Assuntos
Adesivos/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas , Corrosão Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Colo do Dente , Adulto , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lasers Semicondutores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093253

RESUMO

Stainless steel crowns are the most popular restoration technique for young permanent first molars treated endodontically. However, these restorations are not aesthetically appealing and need to be replaced. Endocrowns constitute a reliable approach for restoring severely damaged molars and premolars. Intraoral scanners (IOSs) are well tolerated by children and are easily and quickly implemented. We present an innovative treatment approach for endodontically treated teeth in children, using a digital workflow with IOS and computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) fabrication of the restoration. The protocol involves a thorough diagnostic phase and comprehensive treatment planning. Among the factors to be considered are the child's behavior, the parents' cooperation and compliance, and initial preparation including inhalation sedation, effective local anaesthesia and the use of a rubber dam. Full attention should be given to 1-2 mm of ferruling by the endocrown, which should be appropriately prepared to accommodate endocrowns for molars. IOSs include scanning of the prepared tooth and its antagonist, and scanning of the bite. CAD-CAM preparation of the restoration is followed by restoration bonding and follow up. Digital workflow should be considered in the treatment of endodontically treated molars since the high accuracy of the scanning enables definitive restoration in young patients.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dente não Vital , Fluxo de Trabalho , Criança , Humanos , Dente Molar
8.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 228-233, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915363

RESUMO

Reattachment of a fractured fragment to the remaining tooth is challenging but one of the best treatment protocols in regards to aesthetics, function as well as patients acceptance. If the original tooth fragment is retained following fracture, the natural tooth structures can be reattached using adhesive protocols to ensure reliable strength, durability and aesthetics. This case report will discuss a 13 years old boy with a complicated crown-root fracture of maxillary right central incisor tooth. The procedure used to repair the fracture regarding this case including flap surgery with endodontic treatment. The root canal was filled with a root canal sealer and gutta-percha. After root canal obturation, fragment was reattached with an adhesive tooth reattachment technique. After 6 months evaluation, clinical and radiographic examinations showed a stable re-attachment, good aesthetic and healthy periodontium.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Incisivo/lesões , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Adolescente , Resinas Compostas , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Fraturas dos Dentes/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e125, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994598

RESUMO

Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) is one of the strategies used to control dental caries; it involves hand instruments for removal of carious tissue, and restorations using high-viscosity Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC). The present controlled clinical trial aimed to evaluate the performance of low-cost GIC indicated for ART in primary teeth, compared with high-viscosity GIC, after one year of follow-up. Two-to six-year-old children with dentin caries lesions on one or two surfaces of anterior and posterior teeth were selected. The children were randomly assigned to 2 groups according to the restorative material used: G1 (control) - Ketac Molar®; G2 (experimental) - Vitro Molar®. Treatments were performed in a school setting, following the guidelines of the ART. A total of 728 restorations were performed in 243 children. Descriptive analysis and Poisson regression were applied, with a significance level of p < 0.05. After 12 months, 559 (76.8%) restorations were re-evaluated. The success rate was evaluated by the prevalence ratio (PR), associated with restorations performed in primary second molars (PR = 1.21; 95%CI = 1.03-1.42), and with small (PR = 1.35; 95%CI = 1.14-1.60) or medium cavities (PR = 1.29; 95%CI = 1.08-1.55), using Ketac Molar® material (PR= 1.07; 95%CI = 1.01-1.15), considering p < 0.05. Small or medium restorations in primary second molars performed with high-viscosity GIC (Ketac Molar®) were more successful than restorations performed with low-cost GIC indicated for ART.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Índice CPO , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Feminino , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Distribuição de Poisson , Fatores de Tempo , Dente Decíduo , Resultado do Tratamento , Viscosidade
10.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(3): 1321-1331, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year success of resin composite restorations in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using the direct or semi-direct techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty volunteers presenting with at least two NCCLs were included. Each participant received one restoration using the direct technique and the other using the semi-direct technique, totaling 60 restorations. Time for completing the treatment was computed. Assessments at baseline, 7 days, and 6, 12, and 24 months were performed using the modified United States Public Health Service criteria. Descriptive analysis was reported as a percentage of successful treatments. For inferential analysis, the Student t test was used to evaluate the differences between extension, depth, and time. The chi-square/Fisher tests were used to compare treatment success after each period (α = 0.05). The results were evaluated by using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. RESULTS: Differences were detected regarding mean ± standard deviation time, in which direct and semi-direct procedures were accomplished in 21.8 (± 14.5) and 35.3 (± 19.9) min, respectively. Of the 60 restorations placed, 7 failed in the direct group while 8 failed in the semi-direct group up to 2 years. No differences were detected between restorative protocols. The cumulative survival was 88.5% and 88.4% for the direct technique and semi-direct techniques after 24 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: The tested restorative protocols present similar results for NCCLs within the studied periods. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The semi-direct technique exhibited clinical performance similar to direct technique for NCCL, demonstrating an alternative for restorations of these lesions.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Colo do Dente/patologia , Idoso , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190042, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778443

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gap formation of composite resin restorations is a serious shortcoming in clinical practice. Polymerization shrinkage stress exceeds the tooth-restoration bond strength, and it causes bacterial infiltration within gaps between cavity walls and the restorative material. Thus, an intermediate liner application with a low elastic modulus has been advised to minimize polymerization shrinkage as well as gap formation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess gap formation volume in premolars restored with different bulk-fill composites, with and without a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) liner, using x-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). METHODOLOGY: Sixty extracted human maxillary premolars were divided into six groups according to bucco-palatal dimensions (n=10). Standardized Class II mesio-occluso-distal cavities were prepared. G-Premio Bond (GC Corp., Japan) was applied in the selective-etch mode. Teeth were restored with high-viscosity (Filtek Bulk Fill, 3M ESPE, USA)-FB, sonic-activated (SonicFill 2, Kerr, USA)-SF and low viscosity (Estelite Bulk Fill Flow, Tokuyama, Japan)-EB bulk-fill composites, with and without a liner (Ionoseal, Voco GmbH, Germany)-L. The specimens were subjected to 10,000 thermocycles (5-55°C) and 50,000 simulated chewing cycles (100 N). Gap formation based on the volume of black spaces at the tooth-restoration interface was quantified in mm3 using micro-computed tomography (SkyScan, Belgium), and analyses were performed. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA and the Bonferroni correction test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The gap volume of all tested bulk-fill composites demonstrated that Group SF (1.581±0.773) had significantly higher values than Group EB (0.717±0.679). Regarding the use of a liner, a significant reduction in gap formation volume was observed only in Group SFL (0.927±0.630) compared with Group SF (1.581±0.773). CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that different types of bulk-fill composite resins affected gap formation volume. Low-viscosity bulk-fill composites exhibited better adaptation to cavity walls and less gap formation than did sonic-activated bulk-fill composites. The use of an RMGIC liner produced a significant reduction in gap formation volume for sonic-activated bulk-fill composites.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Materiais Dentários/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Polimerização , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Microtomografia por Raio-X
12.
Gen Dent ; 68(1): 30-35, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859659

RESUMO

Occasionally, tooth fractures may demonstrate exaggerated pathologic root migration (PRM), often resulting in tooth loss. The early propagation of the root fracture may not be readily identifiable through clinical inspection and conventional radiographic imaging. Ultimately, increased root separation, isolated deep periodontal probing depth, and characteristic radiolucent changes may facilitate the diagnosis. This article describes 3 patients with unusual presentations of PRM in endodontically treated teeth restored with full-coverage crowns. One case illustrates the use of cone beam computed tomography for restorative assessment following root separation. Although it is efficacious to place crowns on most posterior endodontically treated teeth to maintain structural integrity, patients may remain at risk for catastrophic PRM and tooth loss. Timely extraction of teeth with hopeless PRM may minimize underlying bone resorption and the need for osseous regenerative procedures, ultimately improving the dental implant recipient site.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes , Raiz Dentária , Dente não Vital , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Coroas , Humanos , Fraturas dos Dentes/reabilitação , Raiz Dentária/patologia , Dente não Vital/reabilitação
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e111, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800863

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the microtensile bond strength and the microleakage of a bulk-fill composite resin compared with a conventional incremental composite resin, in permanent molars and under cariogenic challenge using a Streptococcus mutans model. Permanent human third molars (n = 60) with an occlusal cavity of 5×3×2 mm were randomly allocated into four subgroups of restorative treatments: conventional composite resin with (n = 15) and without (n = 15) cariogenic challenge (Z350-E and Z350-C experimental and control groups, respectively), and bulk-fill composite resin with (n = 15) and without (n = 15) cariogenic challenge (Bulk Fill-E and Bulk Fill-C, respectively). Ten specimens from each subgroup were submitted to microtensile strength, and 5, to microleakage. The cariogenic challenge was conducted using the Streptococcus mutans strain (ATCC) for 7 days. The stickers obtained (1 × 1 × 2 mm) were submitted to a microtensile strength test, followed by classification of the fracture mode. Microleakage was performed using a scoring system. The data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p < 0.05). Filtek Z350 XT resin presented higher microtensile bond strength than Bulk Fill resin without (19.02 ± 4.90 and 8.76 ± 3.94MPa, respectively; p < 0.001) and with cariogenic challenge (22.69 ± 7.86 and 13.31 ± 3.38MPa, respectively; p < 0.02). Z350-C and Bulk Fill-C resins presented a higher prevalence of mixed fractures (23 and 14%, respectively) in the specimens submitted to cariogenic challenge than those of the control groups, whereas microleakage was similar (p = 0.85). The conventional composite resin had higher microtensile bond strength than the bulk-fill resin, but both resin types had similar adhesion quality and microfiltration scores.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesividade , Cárie Dentária , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Infiltração Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Med Syst ; 44(2): 33, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848734

RESUMO

Patient perception research has failed to focus on burgeoning technology within the dental field. Specifically, researchers have yet to focus on developing robotic technologies which are being utilized by dentists to help perform certain procedures with added precision and route mapping. The current study attempts to fill the gap created by a lack of intersection between dental technology research, consumer perceptions research, and automation research. The current research takes a two-study approach, with study 1 investigating if gender or price of the procedure affects willingness to undergo a robotic dental procedure. Study 2 further investigates this phenomenon, identifying ten separate types of dental procedures (ranging from minimally invasive to extremely invasive) to further understand consumer perceptions. Results indicate that females are less willing to undergo a robotic dental procedure, and that participants in general are more willing to undergo a procedure if it is half price than if it full price. Willingness is influenced by gender and the type of procedure being performed - participants were less willing to undergo invasive procedures such as gum surgery than noninvasive procedures such as teeth whitening. These results, and their theoretical and practical significance are discussed.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Restauração Dentária Permanente/psicologia , Preferência do Paciente/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180678, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Bulk-fill restorative materials such as bulk-fill composite resins and high viscous glass ionomer cements have become very popular materials in operative dentistry because their application is easy and time-saving. The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the clinical performance of a highly viscous reinforced glass ionomer material, a bulk-fill composite resin and a micro hybrid composite resin in Class II restorations. METHODOLOGY: In total, 109 Class II restorations were performed in 54 patients using three different restorative materials: Charisma Smart Composite (CSC); Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative (FBF); Equia Forte Fil (EF). Single Bond Universal adhesive (3M ESPE, Germany) was used with composite resin restorations. The restorations were evaluated using modified USPHS criteria in terms of retention, color match, marginal discoloration, anatomic form, contact point, marginal adaptation, secondary caries, postoperative sensitivity and surface texture. The data were analyzed using Chi-Square, Fischer's and McNemar's tests. RESULTS: At the end of one year, 103 restorations were followed up. No changes were observed during the first 6 months. At the end of one year, there were small changes in composite restorations (FBF and CSC) but no statistically significant difference was observed between the clinical performances of these materials for all criteria (p>0.05). However, there was a statistically significant difference between EF, FBF and CSC groups in all parameters except marginal discoloration, secondary caries and postoperative sensitivity in one-year evaluation (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Bulk-fill composite resins and conventional composite resins showed more successful clinical performance than highly viscous reinforced glass ionomers in Class II cavities.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Distribuição por Sexo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180631, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Extensive restorations in posterior teeth always bring doubts to the clinicians regarding the best protocol, mainly when structures of reinforcement were lost. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of beveling on the fracture resistance and pattern of class II (MOD) restored teeth. METHODOLOGY: Ninety human premolars were randomly assigned into 9 groups: CTR (control/sound); NC (cavity preparation, non-restored); RU (restored, unbeveled); RTB (restored, entire angle beveling); RPB (restored, partial/occlusal beveling); EC (endodontic access/EA, non-restored); EU (EA, unbeveled); ETB (EA, entire angle beveling); EPB (EA, partial/occlusal beveling). Teeth were restored with Esthet X resin composite and stored in distilled water for 24 h before the inclusion in PVC cylinders. The axial loading tests were performed with 500 kgF at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed until fracture of the specimens. Fracture resistance and pattern were accessed and data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Mean (±SD) failure loads ranged from 136.56 (11.62) to 174.04 (43.5) kgF in the groups tested without endodontic access. For endodontically accessed teeth, fracture resistance ranged from 95.54 (13.05) to 126.51 (19.88) kgF. Beveling of the cavosurface angle promoted the highest fracture resistance values (p<0.05) and prevented catastrophic fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Cavosurface angle beveling is capable of improving fracture resistance and pattern for both endodonticaly accessed and non-accessed teeth.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Análise de Variância , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Distribuição Aleatória , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Trials ; 20(1): 454, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After root canal treatment, most tooth defects need to be restored. Onlay restoration is widely used to restore dental defects. Endocrown is a new type of onlay; however, dentists have yet to obtain a full understanding of the clinical effects of marginal forms of endocrowns. Here, we present a multicenter protocol to compare the clinical efficacy of two marginal forms (flat and 90-degree shoulder) for tooth restoration. The efficacy will be evaluated by marginal fit, marginal discoloration, and integrity of restoration. METHODS: The proposed flat and 90-degree shoulder marginal endocrown assessment trial is an open-label, parallel-group, multicenter randomized controlled trial involving two hospitals. A total of 200 patients will be included in this trial, and the following patient inclusion criteria will be applied: good oral hygiene habits, no periodontal diseases, receipt of standard root canal treatment, and need for endocrown restoration. Patients will be enrolled after providing signed informed consent and will be divided into two groups (flat and 90-degree shoulder endocrown) in accordance with a random number table. Treatment allocation will be balanced (1:1). Endocrowns will be cemented by dual-cured luting composite. Clinical evaluations will be performed at baseline and at 24 months after treatment in accordance with modified US Public Health Service criteria by two independent evaluators. The primary outcome will be marginal fit; secondary outcome measures will include debonding, marginal discoloration, and integrity of restoration. All acquired data will be analyzed by an independent statistician. Wilcoxon one-sample tests will be used for intra-group comparisons, and Wilcoxon two-sample tests will be used for inter-group comparisons. The Bonferroni method will be used to correct for multiple comparisons, and hierarchical logistic regression will be applied to determine central effects. DISCUSSION: The results of this trial will provide a clinical basis for clinicians to restore teeth by endocrowns and to improve long-term restoration for patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03398395. Registered on 12 January 2018.


Assuntos
Coroas , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rom J Morphol Embryol ; 60(1): 133-138, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263837

RESUMO

Polymerization stresses in adhesive structure could determine an adhesive or cohesive failure and interfacial gaps forming. Some clinical procedures - as light curing composite resin layering in 2-3 mm increments (especially for dental fills) or using dental reconfiguring clear acetate crowns - are sat up to combat (in some way) the polymerization shrinkage. This study approaches the manner how clinical dental adhesive application could influence the hard dental tissues-composite materials interface. The sample studied consisted of 12 upper bicuspids, extracted for orthodontic reasons. In our study, we chose the adhesion technique in "two steps". We prepared enamel and dentine areas, and then filled them with light-polymerization composite. After that, the teeth were subject of microscopic investigations, at 100× and 200× magnification. As conclusion of our study, we sustain that light curing composite resin applying clinical technique (by layering or with acetate crown) might influence a good dental restoration clinical performance.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Humanos
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e052, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269116

RESUMO

This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial evaluated the effectiveness of dentin pretreatment with 100% ethanol (EWBT - ethanol wet bonding technique) and different adhesive protocols in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) after 6 months. Patients presenting at least one NCCL were included. NCCLs (n=148) were randomly assigned to 4 groups: NE (Non-EWBT + three-step etch-and-rinse (Scotchbond Multi Purpose, 3M ESPE [MP]), E (EWBT + MP); EB (EWBT + [Bond - third step of MP]), and EU (EWBT + universal adhesive (Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE). Conventional acid-etching (Condac 37%, FGM) and nanohybrid resin composite (Z350, 3M ESPE) were used. Trained and calibrated examiners (Kappa = 0.61) evaluated the restorations at baseline (7 days) and 6-month recall using the USPHS modified criteria. Data were subjected to Chi square (α = 0.05). Differences in the success rate were found for the treatments (p = 0.003). EB presented the lowest success rate compared with the other groups (p < 0.02). No significant differences were detected among NE, E, and EU (p > 0.49). The survival rates were 97.23%, 97.30%, 78.95%, and 97.30% for NE, E, EB, and EU, respectively. Regarding postoperative sensitivity, a significant reduction was found for groups E (p = 0.027) and EU (p < 0.01) after 6 months. After 6 months, EWBT associated to the hydrophobic adhesive system had the highest failure rate.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Desgaste dos Dentes/terapia , Resinas Compostas/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina/química , Método Duplo-Cego , Etanol , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(7)2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324671

RESUMO

The major challenge in traumatic injuries is the management of subgingival fracture of anterior teeth. Forced orthodontic extrusion is a suitable approach for these teeth as it provides both a sound tissue margin for final restoration and creates a periodontal environment (biological width) which is easy for the patient to maintain. Restoration after orthodontic eruption may present a more conservative treatment choice in young patients compared with the prosthetic restoration after extraction. This paper reports a case of the fractured maxillary anterior tooth at the subgingival level that was managed by forced orthodontic extrusion after endodontic therapy followed by aesthetic rehabilitation, a much-forgotten technique not utilised routinely yet conservative and cost-effective.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Incisivo/lesões , Extrusão Ortodôntica/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Adolescente , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Masculino , Maxila , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
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