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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 81-84, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114723

RESUMO

Skin graft and flap are common tools for wound repair, but donor site would be damaged when harvesting skin graft or flap. If donor site treatment is ignored, various problems concerning the appearance and function of donor site will appear. Therefore, when choosing skin graft or flap, donor site treatment should be considered as an important factor. We should not only seek for the repair effect of recipient site but ignore adverse effect on donor site. We should comprehensively weigh the pros and cons between donor site and recipient site. And paying the lowest price of donor site to achieve the best repair effect of recipient site should be the essential requirement to choose skin graft or flap. For wound cosmetic repair, how to achieve cosmetic repair of donor site should be considered. In recent years, donor site treatment of skin graft and flap has drawn widespread attention and achieved some progress. But compared with cosmetic repair, there still exists some gap. The objective to publish this special topic is to further lay emphasis on the cosmetic repair of donor site by introducing some domestic studies about cosmetic repair of donor site.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pele , Cirurgia Plástica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 85-90, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114724

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the choice of the donor site of flap and the repair method of secondary wound of flap donor site in tissue repair and reconstruction operation. Methods: From January 2014 to September 2018, 62 cases of scar contracture deformity, 15 cases of skin tumor, 20 cases of skin and soft tissue injury, and 25 cases of chronic wound were admitted to the Burn Center of People's Liberation Army of First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, with 84 males and 38 females, aged from 3 to 89 years. Four repair strategies adopted for tissue repair and reconstruction and good repair of the donor site of flap were as follows: designing the flap rationally according to the condition around the wound or the size and shape of wound, choosing pre-expanded technique of the donor site of flap for repair of scar deformity optimally, making full use of the surrounding condition of flap donor site, and repaired with the distal flap, i. e. replacing the important site with secondary site. The donor site of flap was repaired by direct suture or peripheral flap and distal flap. The wound size of patients ranged from 3.0 cm×2.0 cm to 20.0 cm×18.0 cm, and the flap area ranged from 3.5 cm×2.0 cm to 25.0 cm×22.0 cm. The survival condition of flap, healing condition of donor site and recipient site, and follow-up condition of donor site and recipient site were recorded. Results: Wounds of 122 patients were repaired with a total of 148 flaps designed by the above four repair strategies. All the flaps survived well, and the wound and flap donor site healed well. Follow-up for 3 to 36 months showed that the shape and function of recipient site and flap donor site were satisfactory. Conclusions: According to the specific condition of the wound and anatomical structure of the surrounding tissue of flap donor site, overall surgical design with flexibility and personalization can achieve effects of good repair of the wound and reduce the secondary damage of flap donor site.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 91-96, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114725

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical application effects of portable visual retractor in superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting. Methods: From January 2010 to June 2019, 27 patients meeting the inclusion criteria and planning to perform operation of superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting were admitted to the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the First Clinical Medical Center of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital. The patients were divided into traditional surgical method group [6 males and 3 females, aged (34±14) years], cold light source retractor group [6 males and 4 females, aged (35±16) years], and portable visual retractor group [7 males and 1 female, aged (30±14) years] according to way of superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting. The superficial temporal fascia flaps of patients in traditional surgical method group were resected by traditional way of resection, and the superficial temporal fascia flaps of patients in cold light source retractor group and portable visual retractor group were resected at assistance of cold light source retractor and portable visual retractor, respectively. Length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, postoperative drainage volume, and postoperative complication of patients in 3 groups were observed and recorded. Data were processed with Fisher's exact probability test, one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Bonferroni correction. Results: The length of incision of patients in visual retractor group was (3.6±0.8) cm, significantly shorter than (12.6±1.6) cm in traditional surgical method group and (5.8±0.9) cm in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The incision length of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly longer than that in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The operation time of patients in visual retractor group was 24.0 (23.3, 25.8) min, significantly shorter than 35.0 (30.5, 36.5) min in traditional surgical method group and 28.5 (26.8, 30.5) min in cold light source retractor group (H=16.5, 9.8, P<0.05). The operation time of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly longer than that in cold light source retractor group (H=6.6, P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss volume was (26±3) mL of patients in visual retractor group, significantly less than (34±4) mL in traditional surgical method group and (30±6) mL in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss volume of patients in traditional surgical method group was significantly more than that in cold light source retractor group (P<0.05). The postoperative drainage volumes of patients in visual retractor group, cold light source retractor group, and traditional surgical method group were (33±4), (34±6), and (31±7) mL, respectively, and there were no significantly statistical differences in postoperative drainage volumes among patients in the three groups (F=0.3, P>0.05). There were no severe complications such as ischemia and necrosis of superficial temporal fascia flaps in patients of the three groups. One patient in cold light source retractor group had subcutaneous hematoma after operation, which was improved by removing stitches and hematoma. Conclusions: Superficial temporal fascia flap harvesting at the assistance of portable visual retractor has the advantages of clear visual field, simple operation, short operation time, small incision, and less intraoperative blood loss.


Assuntos
Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fáscia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Transplante de Pele , Tela Subcutânea , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(2): 133-136, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114732

RESUMO

In February 2018, a 67-year-old male patient with infected abdominal aortic aneurysm was admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University Medical College. After admission, abdominal aortic endovascular exclusion surgery, right iliac artery-double femoral artery vascular bypass+ infected abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy+ stent removal surgery, and active anti-infective treatment were performed in the department of vascular surgery. Seven days after the vascular prosthesis bypass surgery, the surface skin of the vascular prosthesis of the patient was red and swollen, and there was a purulent discharge, which was diagnosed as poor healing of sinus of vascular prosthesis. Surgeons of our department and the department of vascular surgery performed incision and debridement of sinus of vascular prosthesis+ vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the early stage under local anesthesia. After the local infection was controlled and wound blood supply was improved, stage Ⅱ surgery of resection of sinus of vascular prosthesis+ vascular prosthesis partial diversion+ local flap propulsion under general anesthesia was performed. The incision healed well after surgery, and the patient was discharged smoothly. During the follow-up of 6 months, the patient's flap was in good shape, and the wound was healed. This case prompts that after the diagnosis of infected abdominal aortic aneurysm vascular sinus poor healing, we can actively open the infected sinus, use VSD technology to treat granulation wounds, then divert the implanted vascular prosthesis to prepare fresh local flap which covers the vascular prosthesis, and use new silver ion dressing to cover the wounds, thus achieving satisfactory results.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/terapia , Prótese Vascular , Desbridamento , Humanos , Masculino , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 25(2): e233-e239, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To review the literature on the effect of different surgical flaps upon patient morbidity (pain perception, trismus, swelling and osteitis) after impacted third molar extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic and complementary search of main databases and grey literature was performed up to January 2019 to retrieve randomized clinical trials. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used for methodological appraisal. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted of pain perception and trismus. RESULTS: From the initially 1314 screened studies, only 11 were included in the qualitative synthesis, and 5 in the meta-analysis. There were no statistically significant differences in pain between the envelope and triangular flap designs over time, except on the sixth postoperative day, when the envelope flap proved more painful. Regarding trismus, statistically significant differences were observed on the seventh postoperative day, with greater mouth opening in the envelope flap group than in the triangular flap group. There were no clear differences in swelling and osteitis among the flap designs. CONCLUSIONS: Despite its limitations, the present meta-analysis found no clear differences in patient morbidity between the different flap designs.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Edema , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dor Pós-Operatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Extração Dentária , Trismo
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18762, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011463

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The challenges with reconstruction of penile defects are plenty. In addition, no single and universally accepted reconstructive method exists for penile defect repair. Herein, we present the application of a circumferential penile shaft defect reconstruction using pull-up double-opposing keystone-designed perforator island flaps (KDPIFs) in one patient. This is the first case report of a circumferential penile shaft defect reconstruction using KDPIFs. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old man who injected petroleum jelly into his penis 10 years ago presented with multiple firm nodular mass-like lesions adherent to the overlying skin along the penile shaft. Our urologic surgeon removed the foreign bodies and performed a primary closure with undermining. However, wound dehiscence developed, and skin necrosis was exacerbated 5 days postoperatively. DIAGNOSES: We performed debridement, and the final post-debridement defect was circumferential (5.5 × 12 cm) from the base of the glans to the midpoint of the penile shaft. INTERVENTIONS: We covered the defect using pull-up double-opposing KDPIFs (10 × 13 cm each) based on the hot spots of the superficial external pudendal artery perforators on each side from the suprapubic area to the scrotum. OUTCOMES: The flaps survived perfectly, with no postoperative complications. The patient was satisfied with the final outcome and had no erectile dysfunction or shortening of penile length after a 6-month follow-up. LESSONS: We successfully reconstructed a circumferential penile defect with pull-up double-opposing KDPIFs both esthetically and functionally. Our technique can be a good alternative modality for extensive penile defect reconstruction.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Doenças do Pênis/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Vaselina/administração & dosagem , Vaselina/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Desbridamento , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032404

RESUMO

The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the clinical outcomes of modified coronally advanced tunnel technique (MCAT) with subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) with and without recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB) for mandibular multiple recessions. Twenty-four Miller Class I and III recessions were randomly assigned to a group: test (MCAT+SCTG+rhPDGF-BB) or control (MCAT+SCTG). After 6 months, mean recession-depth reduction was higher in the test group (2.08 ± 0.90 mm) than the control (1.83 ± 0.93 mm). Mean root coverage was achieved, favoring the test group (82.6% ± 23.69%) instead of the control (56.2% ± 28.55%). Complete root coverage for the test group was 58.3%, which was significantly superior to control (16.7%). The use of rhPDGF-BB+SCTG using MCAT offered an advantage of a minimally invasive, predictable method for achieving optimal outcomes.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Becaplermina , Tecido Conjuntivo , Gengiva , Gengivoplastia , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Raiz Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032407

RESUMO

This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of autologous platelet concentrates (APC) + coronally advanced flap (CAF) (Group A) compared with connective tissue graft (CTG) + CAF (Group B), and CAF alone (Group C), in patients with Miller Class I or II gingival recessions. Relevant articles published before December 2018 were retrieved electronically without date or language restriction and screened according to inclusion criteria. Quantitative meta-analysis was conducted comparing the groups. The inverse variance method was applied in fixed or random effects models according to heterogeneity. Sixteen randomized controlled trials were included. Root coverage (RC), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival thickness (GT), and probing depth (PD) did not differ significantly between Groups A and B. The keratinized gingival width (KGW) of Group A was significantly less than that of Group B. The RC and GT of Group A were significantly greater than that in Group C. CAL and PD for Group A were lower than for Group C. KGW for Group A did not differ significantly from that of Group C. The results suggested that APC + CAF represents a promising alternative for root coverage for Miller Class I and II gingival recession defects. Nevertheless, CTG + CAF exhibits superior outcomes in terms of KGW. Hence, in scenarios lacking keratinized gingiva (Miller Class II), APC + CAF might not be the most suitable therapeutic choice.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Tecido Conjuntivo , Gengiva , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Raiz Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2): 32-38, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of chronic recurrent hip periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) eradication after resection arthroplasty with non-free transplantation of vastus lateralis muscle flap of the thigh. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 38 patients with chronic recurrent hip PJI who underwent resection arthroplasty with non-free transplantation of vastus lateralis muscle flap of the thigh in 2005-2016. The groups were compiled considering the absence or presence of recurrent infection in early postoperative period. Infection duration, number of operations, incidence of recurrent PJI, type of pathogen, laboratory parameters, bone defect size and presence of PJI remission within at least 2 years were investigated. RESULTS: Uneventful early postoperative period after resection arthroplasty with non-free transplantation of vastus lateralis muscle flap was noted in 81.6% of cases (n=31, group 1). Postoperative wound revision was required in 18.4% of cases (n=7, group 2). Stable remission of infection within 2-8 years (Me - 4 years) was achieved in 36 (94.7%) patients. Relative risk of recurrent PJI increased by more than 4 times (RR 4,364, 95% CI 0,581-32,787) in cases of polymicrobial infection involving Gram-negative bacteria and decreased in cases of monomicrobial infection (RR 0,256, 95% CI 0,034-1,916). Significantly longer duration of surgery and more pronounced laboratory changes were revealed in group 2. CONCLUSION: High efficacy of resection arthroplasty with non-free transplantation of vastus lateralis muscle flap of the thigh was established in patients with chronic recurrent hip PJI. This procedure might be considered as a stage treatment with the possibility for revision arthroplasty in case of failed initial debridement surgery due to PJI pathogens that are difficult for eradication.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa , Artroplastia de Quadril , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Humanos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Músculo Quadríceps , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
10.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 58-63, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term outcome of regenerative surgery for peri-implantitis therapy. METHODS: From March 2018 to January 2019, 9 patients with 10 implants who suffered from peri-implantitis were included in the present research. Vertical bone defect at least 3mm in depth with 2 or more residual bone walls was confirmed around each implant by radiographic examination. Restorations were replaced by healing abutments on 3 implants with the consent of the patients. Guided bone regeneration surgery was performed after a hygienic phase. During surgery, full thickness flaps were elevated on both buccal and lingual aspects. Titanium curette was used for inflammatory granulation tissue removal and implant surface cleaning. The implant surface was decontaminated by chemical rinsing with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. After being thoroughly rinsed with saline, the bone substitutes were placed in bone defects which were covered by collagen membranes. 6 months after non-submerged healing, the clinical parameters including peri-implant probing depth (PD, distance between pocket bottom and peri-implant soft tissue margin) and radiographic bone level (BL, distance form implant shoulder to the first bone-to-implant contact) were used to evaluate the regenerative outcome. PD was measured at six sites (mesial, middle and distal sites at both buccal and lingual aspects) around each implant, and BL was measured at the mesial and distal surfaces of each implant on a periapical radiograph. RESULTS: The deepest PD and largest BL of each implant ranged from 6-10 mm and 3.2-8.3 mm respectively. All the implants healed uneventfully after surgery. The mean peri-implant PD at baseline and 6 months after surgery were (6.2±1.4) mm and (3.1±0.6) mm respectively, and a mean (3.0±1.5) mm radiographic bone gain was observed, P<0.01. Treatment success was defined as: no sites with residual PD≥6 mm, no bleeding on probing, and BL elevation of at least 1 mm. Nine implants from 8 patients fulfilled the success criteria. Residual pockets with 6 mm in depth and bleeding on probing could be detected in only one implant. CONCLUSION: Within the limitation of the present research, guided bone regeneration surgery can be used for the treatment of bone defect that resulted from peri-implantitis. Significant PD reduction and radiographic bone gain can be obtained after 6 months observation.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Substitutos Ósseos , Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Colágeno , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(1): 119-123, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of using digital technology to design anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) in oral and maxillofacial defect reconstruction. METHODS: Ten cases underwent oral and maxillofacial defects reconstruction with ALTFs in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from June 2019 to Oct. 2019 were enrolled. There were 7 males and 3 females with the mean age of 47.1 years. Preoperative high frequency color Doppler ultrasound examination was performed to detect the perforators of ALTF. CT data of the thigh was imported in DICOM (digital imaging and communications in medicine) format to the Proplan CMF 3.0 software (Materalise, Belgium), then virtual harvest of ALTF was performed according to the points of perforators detected by high frequency color Doppler ultrasound and the virtual flap volume was calculated by Proplan CMF 3.0 software. ALTF was harvested followed by preoperative virtual design, and the actual flap volume of ALTF was measured by the draining method during the surgery. Finally, the accuracy rate of using high frequency color Doppler ultrasound to detect perforators of ALTFs was calculated, and the differences between the virtual flap volume measured by Propaln CMF 3.0 software and the actual volume of ALTF by the draining method were compared using paired samples T test. RESULTS: Fifteen perforators in the flaps area of 10 patients who underwent oral and maxillofacial defects reconstruction with ALTFs were detected by high frequency color Doppler ultrasound, and 16 perforators were identified during the surgery, with the accuracy rate of 87.5%. The flaps size ranged from 5 cm×7 cm to 8 cm×15 cm, all the 10 flaps survived. The donor sites were primarily closed without skin graft, and no surgery complication was found on the donor site. The mean flap volume measured by Propaln CMF 3.0 software was 71.4 cm³ (range: 36.1-188.4 cm³), and the mean volume measured by the draining method was 70.7 cm³ (range: 38.3-172.5 cm³). There was no significant difference between the virtual flap volume measured by Propaln CMF 3.0 software and the actual volume measured by draining method (t=0.318; P=0.758). CONCLUSION: Preoperative virtual design of ALTF has good feasibility and accuracy and can be used to guide the harvest of ALTF during operation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Coxa da Perna , Projeto Auxiliado por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008705
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032416

RESUMO

This study aimed to create papilla with concentrated growth factor (CGF) in cases in which the interdental papilla was not able to fill the interproximal space (IPS) due to physiologic factors. A three-dimensional digital model of this space with the digital impression obtained from direct intraoral scanning of IPS was created. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of CGF in the regeneration of multiple adjacent papillary losses (MAPL), with the change in the IPS area calculated on intraorally scanned images obtained with digital impressions. This study included 160 teeth from 40 patients with 120 papillary losses. Patients were randomly allocated to the test group (TG) (n = 20), with 60 MAPL (three adjacent, lost interdental papillae per patient) receiving minimally invasive surgery with CGF, or the control group (CG) (n = 20), with 60 MAPL without surgery. A total of 480 images were uploaded to a software. The patients' age, gender, Plaque Index, bleeding on probing, and mean probing pocket depth values were evaluated. Papillary area (PA) were calculated between the two central, lateral-central, and lateral-canine teeth at baseline and posttreatment periods of 3, 6, and 12 months in both groups. Papillary filling percentage, keratinized-gingiva width, papillary thickness, thrombocyte, count and mean platelet volume were recorded in TG. Considering the variables in TG and CG, there was no difference in terms of age, gender, and periodontal parameters (P > .05). PA at 3, 6, and 12 months showed statistically significant differences from baseline values in TG (P < .001) but not in CG (P > .05). In TG, a moderate positive correlation was found between the midline papillary thickness and the 3-, 6-, and 12-month filling percentages (r: 0.506, P = .023; r: 0.509, P = .022; and r: 0.515, P = .02, respectively), and a high positive correlation was determined between thrombocyte count and the 6- and 12-month filling percentages (r: 0.733, P < .001; and r: 0.744, P < .001, respectively). CGF provided papillary regeneration in the treatment of MAPL and supported three-dimensional structure of the regenerated interdental papilla throughout 1 year.


Assuntos
Gengiva , Dente , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
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