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1.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(7-8): 384-388, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318729

RESUMO

The nursing peer-review process is an effective and underutilized method to enhance nurse accountability and ownership of patient care and nursing practice. This article describes how 1 hospital created a clinical nurse-driven, nonpunitive, peer case review structure and mentorship processes. This innovative structure provides a framework to support nurses through shared governance and supports organizational efforts including Magnet® and Just Culture initiatives.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Revisão por Pares , Responsabilidade Social , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Cultura Organizacional , Inovação Organizacional
2.
Zool Res ; 40(4): 239-240, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310062

RESUMO

On 20 June 2019, Clarivate Analytics (2019) announced its Journal Citation Reports of 2018. From this, Zoological Research (ZR) received its first impact factor based on citations in 2018 for indexed papers published during 2016 to 2017. Although the new impact factor (1.556) is modest, it ranks ZR at 52 among the 170 SCI journals (quartile 2) in the Zoology category. This excellent result is not only a reflection of your enduring support, but also in recognition of our efforts to boost ZR from a Chinese-language only journal in 1980 to an English-language only journal of international standing by 2014.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Zoologia , Animais , Revisão por Pares , Editoração
4.
Forensic Sci Int ; 301: 263-270, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No means exists to classify the overall credibility of physical torture allegations, which relies on qualitative forensic medical criteria. OBJECTIVES: To develop procedures for processing physical data from torture allegations in order to achieve robust credibility assessments. To assess inter-observer variation in semi-quantitative evaluations. To analyse the importance of physical aspects for the overall assessment of allegations of torture. To assess the correlation between a quantitative description of physical aspects of torture and the appraisal of credibility based on the semi-quantitative model. METHODS: We developed a semi-quantitative model to assess credibility of physical torture allegations and a model to describe allegations quantitatively. Information about physical aspects of ill-treatment in 202 extensive reports made by psychologists (part of a Basque Country Governmental project) was appraised individually and jointly by the two authors in the semi-quantitative model. Inter-observer variation was appraised. The assessed credibility based on physical details was compared with the psychologists' overall assessments and with the quantitative scoring of physical data. FINDINGS: The inter-observer agreement was substantial with kappa values of 0.64-0.77. Peer-reviewing revealed an error; using the defined criteria in the models facilitated achievement of common opinions. Comparison of credibility assessments found by different means suggests that physical data may be given a low priority in the overall assessment of torture allegations. There was a strong correlation (r=0,86, p<0.001) between the semi-quantitative credibility assessment and the quantitative scoring of physical aspects of torture, reinforcing the validity of both means. CONCLUSION: Peer-reviewing of physical aspects of torture based on a qualitative /semi-quantitative /quantitative multi-step analysis leads to robust assessments of credibility. A procedure is needed on how to merge the credibility assessments of the psychological and the physical data into an overall conclusion. We suggest that the highest level of the two evaluations should constitute the overall credibility assessment. LIMITATIONS: The examinations were done years after the detentions, they were not focused on physical details and the data we used was retrieved retrospectively.


Assuntos
Decepção , Psiquiatria Legal , Psicologia Forense , Tortura , Adulto , Coleta de Dados , Documentação , Edema/etiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Dor/etiologia , Revisão por Pares , Inconsciência/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Laryngol Otol ; 133(6): 526-529, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The ENT Scotland society (formerly known as the Scottish Otolaryngological Society) has two meetings a year and accepts oral presentations from trainees. This study aimed to identify publication rates from these meetings. METHODS: Abstracts of the presentations are published in The Journal of Laryngology and Otology. A structured search on PubMed and Google Scholar was undertaken to identify which presentations from the 2005 to 2014 meetings have been published. RESULTS: Of the 145 abstracts found, 60.7 per cent were presenting clinical research and 44.1 per cent were related to the head and neck subspecialty. Seventy-three abstracts (50.3 per cent) were associated with publication as a peer-reviewed article; otology papers were more likely to be published than those focusing on other subspecialties (64.3 per cent, p = 0.036). No correlation was found between publication and other factors. CONCLUSION: Presentations at the ENT Scotland meetings undergo unbiased peer review and are as likely to be published as those of other conferences.


Assuntos
Otolaringologia , Revisão por Pares , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Congressos como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Controle de Qualidade , Escócia , Sociedades Médicas , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 119, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223409

RESUMO

Scholarly publication in a peer-reviewed journal is the highest form of disseminating research findings. However, the process of publishing in peer-reviewed journals remains a daunting task for researchers and academics in Africa. This commentary will assist authors in Africa to understand the peer-review process, to appreciate the length of time it takes for a manuscript to be published and to encourage them to publish in local peer-review journals. The authors argue that the peer-review process is essential because it acts as a quality control mechanism to ensure that valid and reliable research is published. Although peer review does not guarantee exclusive publication of reliable and valid research, it remains central in the scientific activity. Authors need to take the comments from reviewers and editors, even in cases of rejection seriously and in the positive sense, inorder to improve upon the quality of their work. Rejections by some journals happen not to be scientifically grounded. It happens that African authors suffer more from this flaw. This could justify why some naïve authors easily turn to publish in predatory journals. The authors argue that publishing in local journals is imperative for Africans scholars. Therefore, initiatives to encourage publication in these journals are highly needed.


Assuntos
Revisão por Pares/métodos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Editoração/normas , Pesquisa , África , Humanos , Pesquisadores
10.
J Neurosci Nurs ; 51(3): 107, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964842
11.
Infant Behav Dev ; 55: 69-76, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933839

RESUMO

Replicable research and open science are of value to our field and to society at large, but most universities provide no incentives to adopt these practices. Instead, current incentive structures favor novel research, which has led to a situation in which few researchers take the time to do replications, share protocols, or share data. Obviously, several approaches to remedy this situation are possible. However, little progress can be made if becoming involved in such activities reduces a researcher's chances of rank and status advancement and other rewards. I describe in this article the way my department has modified our incentive structure to tackle this problem, including how the changes influence my research as a developmental psychologist. Finally, I offer suggestions for faculty who wish to initiate similar changes in their institutions.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Motivação , Revisão por Pares/normas , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/normas , Universidades/normas , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Humanos , Revisão por Pares/métodos , Psicologia do Desenvolvimento/métodos
12.
Perm J ; 232019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939287

RESUMO

The goal of physician peer review has been to assess and improve the quality of care by individual physicians. Unfortunately, this enshrined piece of medical practice suffers from deep flaws that hamper the achievement of assessment and improvement. This institution is in serious need of disruption, both for the safety of patients and for the wellness of practicing physicians. This commentary describes the inherent flaws of physician practice review and how physicians and health care organizations can address them.


Assuntos
Revisão por Pares/métodos , Médicos/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Humanos , Padrões de Prática Médica
19.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 36(1): 28-33, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181582

RESUMO

Introduction: Publication rates vary significantly among different scientific meetings, with many abstracts never being published as peer-reviewed articles. This issue has never been investigated in the Hypertension field in Argentina. Our purpose was to determine the proportion of abstracts presented at the Argentinian Congress of Hypertension meetings that were published as full articles in peer-reviewed indexed journals, the time lag to publication and the factors associated with successful publication. Methods: we conducted a PubMed search to identify peer-reviewed publications of abstracts presented at the Argentinian Congress of Hypertension meetings between 2006 and 2015, assessing publication rate along with the time lag to publication. We also extracted information about several abstract characteristics and, for those that got published, we recorded the date of publication and journal name with its impact factor and H index. Predictors of publication were analyzed using a multivariable model. Results: a total of 619 abstracts were presented between 2006 and 2015. The rate of conversion to full-text peer-reviewed articles by June 2017 was 28.1% (95%CI 24.7-31.8%), with a median time to publication of 15.7 months (IQR 8-30.9). On multivariable analysis, the independent predictors of publication were basic science category (OR 5 [95%CI 2.3-10.8], p<0.001), oral presentation (OR 2.8 [95%CI 1.6-4.9], p<0.001) and being an award winner for the presentation (OR 3 [95%CI 1.3-6.8], p=0.01). Conclusion: conversion rate to full peer-reviewed articles of abstracts presented at the Argentinian Congress of Hypertension meetings is far from ideal, with potential areas where efforts should be concentrated to improve dissemination of knowledge


Introducción: El porcentaje de resúmenes que se presentan en reuniones científicas y llegan a publicarse como manuscritos completos en revistas indexadas revisadas por pares es bajo. Este problema no ha sido investigado en el área de la hipertensión en Argentina. Nos propusimos determinar la proporción de resúmenes presentados en los congresos argentinos de hipertensión que llegan a publicarse en revistas indexadas, como artículos completos revisados por pares, el tiempo transcurrido hasta la publicación y los factores asociados a la misma. Métodos: Realizamos una búsqueda en PubMed para identificar las publicaciones en revistas con revisión por pares de los resúmenes presentados en los congresos argentinos de hipertensión entre los años 2006 y 2015, determinando el porcentaje de resúmenes que llegaron a publicarse y el tiempo transcurrido hasta la publicación. Registramos fecha de publicación y revista, con su factor de impacto e índice H. Construimos un modelo multivariable de regresión logística para determinar los factores independientemente asociados a la publicación. Resultados: Entre 2006 y 2015 se presentaron 619 resúmenes. La tasa de conversión de resúmenes en artículos revisados por pares a junio de 2017, fue del 28,1% (IC 95%: 24,7-31,8%) con una mediana de tiempo hasta la publicación de 15,7 meses (RIC: 8-30,9). Los factores predictivos independientes de la publicación fueron: categoría ciencia básica (OR: 5 [IC 95%: 2,3-10,8]; p<0,001), presentación oral (OR: 2,8 [IC 95%: 1,6-4,9]; p<0,001), y haber obtenido un premio al mejor trabajo (OR: 3 [IC 95%: 1,3-6,8]; p=0,01). Conclusión: La tasa de conversión de resúmenes en artículos revisados por pares presentados en los congresos argentinos de hipertensión a publicaciones en revistas indexadas dista de ser ideal, habiéndose identificado áreas donde la concentración de esfuerzos podría mejorar la difusión del conocimiento


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Resumos e Indexação como Assunto/normas , Revisão por Pares , Argentina/epidemiologia , Resumos e Indexação como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Bibliometria , Fator de Impacto , Modelos Logísticos
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