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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596505

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short-rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CBS1P-1T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized bark of Aegiceras corniculatum. Growth of strain CBS1P-1T was observed with between 0 and 12.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 5.0 %) and at between pH 6.0-9.0. It grew at temperatures between 25-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that ubiquinone-10 was the respiratory quinone. The lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid. The major fatty acids of strain CBS1P-1T were C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CBS1P-1T was most related to Pseudooceanicola antarcticus CGMCC 1.12662T with a sequence similarity of 96.5 %. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CBS1P-1T and P. antarcticus 1.12662T were 77.5 and 21.1 %, respectively. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 67.3 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain CBS1P-1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola endophyticus is proposed. The type strain is CBS1P-1T (=KCTC 62836T=CGMCC 1.13743T).


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , Casca de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(11): 3996-4003, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522978

RESUMO

Marine phycosphere hosts cross-kingdom algae-bacteria interactions playing a variety of crucial roles in aquatic ecosystems especially for the prevention and control of harmful algal blooms (HABs). During the investigation of structural composition of phycosphere microbiota (PM) of diverse marine HAB dinoflagellates, a Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium designated LZ-17T was isolated from the phycosphere of highly toxic Alexandrium catenella LZT09. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and the multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on five protein-coding housekeeping genes (atpD, gyrB, mutL, topA and rpoD) indicated that strain LZ-17T was affiliated to the genus Maritimibacter within the family Rhodobacteraceae, and closely related to Maritimibacter alkaliphilus HTCC2654T (99.1%), 'Maritimibacter harenae' DP07T (97.9%) and M. lacisalsi X12M-4T (95.7%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain LZ-17T and the type strain of M. alkaliphilus were 96.9% and 74.7%. However, strain LZ-17T could be clearly distinguished from its closest by the phenotypical and phenotypical characteristics. Strain LZ-17T contained Q-10 as its major isoprenoid quinone, and summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c), C16:0 and C16:0 2-OH as the predominant fatty acids (>10%). The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The DNA G + C content was 64.3 mol%. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic characterization, strain LZ-17T represents a novel species of the genus Maritimibacter, for which the name Maritimibacter alexandrii sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain LZ-17T (=CCTCC 2019005T = KCTC 72193T).


Assuntos
Dinoflagelados , Microbiota , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520339

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, light pink-coloured, rod-shaped, flagellated and facultative anaerobic bacterial strain, designated MT2928T, was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the Mariana Trench. Growth of strain MT2928T occurred optimally at 28 °C, pH 8.0-9.0 and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MT2928T belongs to the genus Pontivivens and has the highest sequence similarity to Pontivivens insulae GYSW-23T (96.6 %). Genomic analysis indicated that strain MT2928T contains a circular chromosome of 4 199 362 bp with G+C content of 67.2 mol%. The strain did not produce bacteriochlorophyll a, but produced carotenoid. The predominant respiratory quinone of MT2928T was ubiquinone-10. The polar lipids of MT2928T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified lipids and two unidentified phospholipids. The major fatty acids of strain MT2928T contained summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c or/and C18 : 1 ω6c), C18 : 0 and summed feature 2 (iso-C16 : 1 I and/or C14 : 0 3-OH). On the basis of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and other phenotypic properties, strain MT2928T represents a novel species of the genus Pontivivens, and the name Pontivivens ytuae sp. nov. is proposed with the type species MT2928T (=MCCC 1K05575T=JCM 34320T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550069

RESUMO

During a study of the bacterial diversity of mangrove habitats, a novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium designated as SAOS 153DT was isolated. Sequence alignment and molecular phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA and core gene sequence of strain SAOS 153DT with closely related taxa revealed a sequence identity of 99.4 % and clustering with Yangia pacifica DX5-10T. The fatty acids summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c) and the lipids phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown phospholipid were the major components of the cell wall. The only ubiquinone type present was Q-10. The genomic DNA G+C content of the strain calculated from whole genome sequencing was 66.9 mol%. These chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics supported the molecular phylogenetic analysis and placed the strain well within the radiation of the genus Yangia. The overall genome related indices using digital DNA-DNA hybridization (35.4 %) and ortho-average nucleotide identity (88.1 %) values were much lower than the recommended thresholds for species delineation, which further consolidated the novel species status of strain SAOS 153DT within the genus Yangia as Yangia mangrovi sp. nov. The type strain is SAOS 153DT (=JCM 31345T=KCTC 52280T=MTCC 12749T).


Assuntos
Roseobacter , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Ubiquinona
5.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(10): 3741-3750, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459935

RESUMO

Sulfitobacter pseudonitzschiae H46, a marine bacterium associated with microalgae, exhibits algicidal activity against harmful algal bloom microalgae Chattonella marina and Alexandrium tamarense. The complete genome of S. pseudonitzschiae H46 was sequenced to investigate its algicidal mechanism further. One chromosome, eight circular plasmids and add one not circularized plasmid (Plas II) were identified, which are 4.93 Mb in length with 4871 open reading frames. The genome contains 43 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes; six ribosome RNA (rRNA) genes that can be classified into two 5S rRNA, two 16S rRNA, two 23S rRNA, and two small RNA (sRNA) genes. Genomic annotation revealed that S. pseudonitzschiae H46 has two pairs of LuxI/R-type Quorum-sensing (QS) systems. The QS systems can regulate the functions involved in host colonization and biofilm formation. Moreover, the existence of 49 Type-IV and Dddl genes in the chromosome indicated that Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) catabolism of S. pseudonitzschiae H46 is the main interaction with marine microalgae. S. pseudonitzschiae H46 utilizes DMSP produced by microalgae as the carbon source, and this may induce algicidal activity. The complete genome sequence of S. pseudonitzschiae H46 can provide useful information on the underlying molecular mechanism between QS and algicidal activity.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Rhodobacteraceae , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Microalgas/genética , Percepção de Quorum , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/genética
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370661

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated SS33T and Y03T, were isolated from marine sediment and marine red alga collected on the coast of Weihai, PR China. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain SS33T was found to be closely related to Primorskyibacter marinus PX7T, Pelagivirga dicentrarchi YLY04T, Palleronia marisminoris DSM 26347T and Maribius pontilimi GH1-23T with 94.8, 94.6, 94.5 and 94.5 % sequence similarity; strain Y03T was found to be closest to Flavivirga aquimarina EC2D5T, Flavivirga eckloniae ECD14T and Flavivirga amylovorans JC2681T with 96.4, 96.1 and 96.0 % sequence similarity. Strain SS33T grew at 4-37 °C (optimum, 33 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 0-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis of strain SS33T showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified polar lipid and two unidentified aminolipids. Strain Y03T grew at 15-40 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0%). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified polar lipids. Based on the polyphasic data, strain SS33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Palleronia, for which the name Palleronia sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SS33T (=KCTC 62986T=MCCC 1H00387T). Strain Y03T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavivirga, for which the name Flavivirga algicola sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Y03T (=KCTC 72001T=MCCC 1H00386T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 87(19): e0076921, 2021 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288701

RESUMO

Phaeobacter inhibens 2.10 is an effective biofilm former on marine surfaces and has the ability to outcompete other microorganisms, possibly due to the production of the plasmid-encoded secondary metabolite tropodithietic acid (TDA). P. inhibens 2.10 biofilms produce phenotypic variants with reduced competitiveness compared to the wild type. In the present study, we used longitudinal, genome-wide deep sequencing to uncover the genetic foundation that contributes to the emergent phenotypic diversity in P. inhibens 2.10 biofilm dispersants. Our results show that phenotypic variation is not due to the loss of the plasmid that carries the genes for TDA synthesis but instead show that P. inhibens 2.10 biofilm populations become rapidly enriched in single nucleotide variations in genes involved in the synthesis of TDA. While variants in genes previously linked to other phenotypes, such as lipopolysaccharide production (i.e., rfbA) and cellular persistence (i.e., metG), also appear to be selected for during biofilm dispersal, the number and consistency of variations found for genes involved in TDA production suggest that this metabolite imposes a burden on P. inhibens 2.10 cells. Our results indicate a strong selection pressure for the loss of TDA in monospecies biofilm populations and provide insight into how competition (or a lack thereof) in biofilms might shape genome evolution in bacteria. IMPORTANCE Biofilm formation and dispersal are important survival strategies for environmental bacteria. During biofilm dispersal, cells often display stable and heritable variants from the parental biofilm. Phaeobacter inhibens is an effective colonizer of marine surfaces, in which a subpopulation of its biofilm dispersal cells displays a noncompetitive phenotype. This study aimed to elucidate the genetic basis of these phenotypic changes. Despite the progress made to date in characterizing the dispersal variants in P. inhibens, little is understood about the underlying genetic changes that result in the development of the specific variants. Here, P. inhibens phenotypic variation was linked to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), in particular in genes affecting the competitive ability of P. inhibens, including genes related to the production of the antibiotic tropodithietic acid (TDA) and bacterial cell-cell communication (e.g., quorum sensing). This work is significant as it reveals how the biofilm lifestyle might shape genome evolution in a cosmopolitan bacterium.


Assuntos
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rhodobacteraceae , Evolução Molecular , Variação Genética , Mutação , Fenótipo , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rhodobacteraceae/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/fisiologia , Tropolona/análogos & derivados , Tropolona/metabolismo
8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4554, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315891

RESUMO

The planktonic synthesis of reduced organophosphorus molecules, such as alkylphosphonates and aminophosphonates, represents one half of a vast global oceanic phosphorus redox cycle. Whilst alkylphosphonates tend to accumulate in recalcitrant dissolved organic matter, aminophosphonates do not. Here, we identify three bacterial 2-aminoethylphosphonate (2AEP) transporters, named AepXVW, AepP and AepSTU, whose synthesis is independent of phosphate concentrations (phosphate-insensitive). AepXVW is found in diverse marine heterotrophs and is ubiquitously distributed in mesopelagic and epipelagic waters. Unlike the archetypal phosphonate binding protein, PhnD, AepX has high affinity and high specificity for 2AEP (Stappia stellulata AepX Kd 23 ± 4 nM; methylphosphonate Kd 3.4 ± 0.3 mM). In the global ocean, aepX is heavily transcribed (~100-fold>phnD) independently of phosphate and nitrogen concentrations. Collectively, our data identifies a mechanism responsible for a major oxidation process in the marine phosphorus redox cycle and suggests 2AEP may be an important source of regenerated phosphate and ammonium, which are required for oceanic primary production.


Assuntos
Ácido Aminoetilfosfônico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Minerais/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/metabolismo , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Cinética , Oceanos e Mares , Oxirredução , Filogenia , Proteômica , Pseudomonas putida/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Rhodobacteraceae/genética
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112522, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304132

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) contamination of freshwater resources constitutes a major environmental issue affecting over 200 million people worldwide. Although the use of microorganisms for the bioremediation of As has been well studied, only very few candidates have been identified to date. Here, we investigated bacteria associated with the Red Sea sponge Theonella swinhoei and their potential to reduce As in a low-salinity liquid medium. This Indo-Pacific common sponge has been shown to hyper-accumulate As, at an average concentration of 8600 mg/g-1 in an environment uncontaminated by arsenic or barium. Four isolated strains of bacteria exhibited arsenic reduction potential by transforming inorganic As in the form of arsenate (iAsV) to arsenite (iAsIII). Two of these isolates were identified as Alteromonas macleodii and Pseudovibrio ascidisceicola, and the other two isolates, both belonging to the same species, were identified as Pseudovibrio denitrificans. The four isolates were then cultured in a low-salinity iAsV-rich medium (5 mM) and As concentration was measured over time using a specifically designed high-performance liquid chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS). Out of the four isolates, A. macleodii and P. ascidisceicola grew successfully in a low-salinity liquid medium and reduced AsV to AsIII at an average rate of 0.094 and 0.083 mM/h, respectively, thereby demonstrating great potential for the bioremediation of As-contaminated groundwater.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Rhodobacteraceae , Theonella , Alteromonas , Animais , Arseniatos , Biodegradação Ambiental , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323677

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, bacterium, designated CLL3-39T was isolated from seashore sediment collected at a Tamarix chinensis forest in the Marine Ecology Special Reserve of Changyi, Shandong Province, PR China. Cells of strain CLL3-39T were olive-shaped and no flagellum was observed. Strain CLL3-39T grew optimally at 33 °C, pH 7.5 and salinity (sea salts) of 40 g l-1. The main fatty acids in the cell membrane of strain CLL3-39T comprised anteiso-C15 : 0 (22.3 %), iso-C15 : 0 (14.0 %), C16 : 0 (9.2 %) and summed feature 8 (contains C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c. 26. 7 %). The main polar lipids of CLL3-39T were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The respiratory quinone was Q10. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain CLL3-39T was 69.6 mol%. The average nucleotide identity between CLL3-39T and Pseudoroseicyclus aestuarii DB-4T was 74.7 % and the in silico DNA-DNA hybridization value was 20.1 %. Phylogenetically, strain CLL3-39T belonged to the genus Pseudoroseicyclus, branching with only one type strain P. aestuarii DB-4T with 96.3 % 16S rRNA gene similarity, followed by Limimaricola cinnabarinus LL-001T (95.2 %). Based on its phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, we propose strain CLL3-39T (=MCCC 1A14815T =KCTC 72665T) as a representative of a novel species in the genus Pseudoroseicyclus, for which the name Pseudoroseicyclus tamaricis sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Tamaricaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Florestas , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae , Água do Mar , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292146

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain (CAU 1508T) was isolated from marine sediment collected in the Republic of Korea. Growth was observed at 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 4.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-8.0) and with 0-8.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-4 %). The isolate formed a monophyletic clade in the phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences, exhibiting the highest similarity to Chachezhania antarctica SM1703T (96.5 %), and representing a distinct branch within the genus Chachezhania (family Rhodobacteraceae). Its whole genome sequence was 5.59 Mb long, with a G+C content of 65.7 mol% and 2183 predicted genes belonging to six functional categories. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between CAU 1508T and C. antarctica SM1703T were 79.1 and 22.2 %, respectively. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified aminophospholipid. The sole isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 10. Phenotypic phylogenetic properties supported the classification of CAU 1508T as representing a novel species of the genus Chachezhania, with the proposed name Chachezhania sediminis sp. nov. The type strain is CAU 1508T (=KCTC 62999T=NBRC 113697T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270400

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped bacterial strain designated as 6D45AT was isolated from mangrove soil and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain 6D45AT was found to grow at 10-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, 7.0) and in 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 6D45AT fell into the genus Salipiger and shared 99.1 % identity with the closest type strain Salipiger pacificus CGMCC 1.3455T and less than 97.2 % identity with other type strains of this genus. The 34.8 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and 88.3 % average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strain 6D45AT and the closest relative above were well below recognized thresholds of 70 % DDH and 95-96 % ANI for species definition, implying that strain 6D45AT should represent a novel genospecies. The phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain 6D45AT formed an independent branch distinct from reference strains. The predominant cellular fatty acid of strain 6D45AT was summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω6c and/or C18 : 1 ω7c, 66.9 %); the polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids, two unidentified glycolipids and an unknown lipid; the respiratory quinone was Q-10. The genomic DNA G+C content was 66.5 mol %. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, strain 6D45AT is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Salipiger, for which the name Salipiger mangrovisoli sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain of the species is 6D45AT (=GDMCC 1.1960T=KCTC 82334T). We also propose the reclassification of Paraphaeobacter pallidus as Salipiger pallidus comb. nov. and 'Pelagibaca abyssi' as a species of the genus Salipiger.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química , Áreas Alagadas
13.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(9): 1453-1463, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275053

RESUMO

An ovoid to rod shaped, white to brown pigmented, facultative anaerobic, mesophilic, non-phototrophic, Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, multiply by binary fission designated strain KVB23T, which was isolated from root of rice plant, near Ilsan, South Korea, was investigated for its taxonomic position by polyphasic approach. Optimal growth was found to occur at 30˚C, at pH 6.5 and in the absence of NaCl on R2A. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain KVB23T revealed that it formed a distinct lineage, as a separate deep branch within the family Rhodobacteriaceae, with < 96.5% sequence similarity to representatives of the genera Rhodobacter, Xinfangfangia, Tabrizicola, Falsirhodobacter, Haematobacter, Paenirhodobacter, Pseudorhodobacter and Pararhodobacter. Based in 16S rRNA sequences strain KVB23T was most closely related to Tabrizicola fusiformis KCTC 62105 T (96.5%) and Rhodobacter thermarum KCTC 52712 T (96.2%). The draft genome of strain KVB23T was 3.80 bp long with a DNA G + C content of 63.1%. Genome of strain KVB23T harboured gene clusters for tryptophan and cobalamin biosynthesis. The strain contained Q-10 as the sole respiratory quinone. The predominant fatty acids were found to consist of C16:0, C18:0 and summed feature 8 (comprising C18:1 ω7c and / or C18:1 ω6). The polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, seven unidentified phosphoglycolipids, two unidentified aminophosphoglycolipid, one unidentified glycolipid and four unidentified lipids. Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria have the ability to dissolve insoluble phosphates and enhance the soil fertility. Strain KVB23T can solubilize calcium phosphate tribasic. Phosphate solubilizing and tryptophan biosynthesis property of strain KVB23T could be a possible factor for the increase in growth of rice plant. Differential phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic distinctiveness, demonstrated that strain KVB23T was found to represent a novel genus in the Rhodobacteriaceae family, for which the name Fuscibacter oryzae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain KVB23T(= KACC 21711 T = NBRC 114716 T).


Assuntos
Oryza , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Fosfatos , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rizosfera , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 4493-4498, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148113

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, oval or short rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic bacterium, designated strain S1109LT, was isolated from a marine sediment in Weihai, PR China. Cells were oxidase positive and catalase positive. Growth of strain S1109LT occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30-33 °C), pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, 7.0-8.0) and in the presence of 1-21% (optimum, 4-6%) (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny indicated that strain S1109LT was associated with the genus Pontibaca of the family Rhodobacteraceae because it showed the highest sequence similarity to Pontibaca methylaminivorans KCTC 22497T (97.5%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) scores between strain S1109LT and Pontibaca methylaminivorans KCTC 22497T were 74.6% and 18.7%. The major cellular fatty acids of strain S1109LT were C19:0 cyclo ω8c and C18:1 ω7c. The polar lipids profiles of strain S1109LT were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified lipids. Strain S1109LT contained ubiquinone-10 as the major respiratory quinone. The genomic DNA G + C content was 55.9 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain S1109LT is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pontibaca, for which the name Pontibaca salina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of is S1109LT (= KCTC 82411T = MCCC 1H00441T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos , Rhodobacteraceae , China , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 793: 148431, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182435

RESUMO

The use of Benzophenone-3 (BP3), also known as oxybenzone, a common UV filter, is a growing environmental concern in regard to its toxicity on aquatic organisms. Our previous work stressed that BP3 is toxic to Epibacterium mobile, an environmentally relevant marine α-proteobacterium. In this study, we implemented a label-free quantitative proteomics workflow to decipher the effects of BP3 on the E. mobile proteome. Furthermore, the effect of DMSO, one of the most common solvents used to vehicle low concentrations of lipophilic chemicals, was assessed to emphasize the importance of limiting solvent concentration in ecotoxicological studies. Data-independent analysis proteomics highlighted that BP3 induced changes in the regulation of 56 proteins involved in xenobiotic export, detoxification, oxidative stress response, motility, and fatty acid, iron and amino acid metabolisms. Our results also outlined that the use of DMSO at 0.046% caused regulation changes in proteins related to transport, iron uptake and metabolism, and housekeeping functions, underlining the need to reduce the concentration of solvents in ecotoxicological studies.


Assuntos
Rhodobacteraceae , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Benzofenonas/toxicidade , Proteoma , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181513

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-sporulating, flagellated and spindle-like bacterium, designated HY14T, was isolated from a pickle-processing factory wastewater sample. The isolate chemoheterotrophically grew at 4-42 °C (optimum, 35 °C) and pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-6.5). Salt was required for growth (0.5-12 % NaCl, w/v). A deep brown and water-soluble uncharacterized pigment was produced when grown in certain media. The predominant fatty acids (>5 %) included C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω7c, 11-methyl C18 : 1 ω7c and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, two unidentified aminolipids, two unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified glycolipids and five unknown lipids. The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. Pairwise alignment based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HY14T had the highest sequence similarity to genera Maritimibacter (95.61-96.05 %) and Boseongicola (95.82 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on core genome illustrated that strain HY14T formed a monophyletic lineage with members of the genus Maritimibacter in the clade of the Roseobacter group in the family Rhodobacteraeceae. The core-gene average amino acid identity used to define bacterial genera by a threshold of 60-80 % was calculated to be 68.56-76.5 % between HY14T and closely related taxa. Several genomic characteristics, such as carrying two RuBisCO-mediated pathways and different osmoprotectant transport pathways, exhibited the genotypic discrepancies of strain HY14T. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic characterization, strain HY14T is considered to represent a novel species of a novel genus belonging to the family Rhodobacteraeceae, for which the name Muriiphilus fusiformis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HY14T (=CGMCC 1.15973T=KCTC 52499T). Maritimibacter lacisalsi (Zhong et al. 2015) is considered to diverge from Maritimibacter alkaliphilus at the genus level, and should be reassigned as a novel genus, for which the name Muriicola lacisalsi gen. nov., comb. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Roseobacter/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Roseobacter/química , Roseobacter/classificação , Roseobacter/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química , Ubiquinona/metabolismo
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161219

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-flagellated, coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, TSTF-M16T, was isolated from a tidal flat on the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TSTF-M16T fell within a clade comprising the type strains of Sulfitobacter species. Strain TSTF-M16T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 98.5 and 98.1 % to the type strains of Sulfitobacter mediterraneus and Sulfitobacter sabulilitoris, respectively, and 96.2-97.8 % to the type strains of the other Sulfitobacter species. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between the genomic sequences of strain TSTF-M16T and the type strains of 16 Sulfitobacter species were 70.6-74.2 and 17.9-19.0 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain TSTF-M16T from genomic sequence data was 59.26 mol%. Strain TSTF-M16T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18 : 1 ω7c as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids of strain TSTF-M16T were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. Distinguished phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain TSTF-M16T is separated from recognized Sulfitobacter species. On the basis of the data presented here, strain TSTF-M16T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Sulfitobacter, for which the name Sulfitobacter aestuariivivens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TSTF-M16T (=KACC 21645T=NBRC 114501T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170216

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, moderately halophilic, non-motile, rod-shaped, pale yellow, and aerobic strains, designated WDS1C4T and WDS4C29T, were isolated from a marine solar saltern in Weihai, Shandong Province, PR China. Growth of strain WDS1C4T occurred at 10-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), with 4-16 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 8 %) and at pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5). Growth of strain WDS4C29T occurred at 10-45 °C (optimum, 40 °C), with 2-18 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 6 %) and at pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5). Q-10 was the sole respiratory quinone of the two strains. The major polar lipids of strains WDS1C4T and WDS4C29T were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine. The major cellular fatty acid in strains WDS1C4T and WDS4C29T was C18 : 1 ω7c, and the genomic DNA G+C contents of strains WDS1C4T and WDS4C29T were 67.6 and 63.3 mol%, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains WDS1C4T and WDS4C29T were members of the family Rhodobacteraceae and showed 94.3 and 95.3 % similarities to their closest relative, Celeribacter indicus, respectively. The similarity between WDS1C4T and WDS4C29T was 97.3 %. Differential phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the two isolates from recognized genera showed that the two strains should be classified as representing two novel species in a new genus for which the names Salibaculum halophilum gen. nov., sp. nov. (type species, type strain WDS1C4T=MCCC 1H00179T=KCTC 52542T) and Salibaculum griseiflavum sp. nov. (WDS4C29T=MCCC 1H00175T=KCTC 52541T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Temperatura
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 3973-3979, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036410

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, non-motile bacterium КMM 3653T was isolated from a sediment sample from the Sea of Japan seashore, Russia. On the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis the strain КMM 3653T was positioned within the family Rhodobacteraceae (class Alphaproteobacteria) forming a distinct lineage with the highest gene sequence similarities to the members of the genera Pacificibacter (95.2-94.7%) and Nioella (95.1-94.5%), respectively. According to the phylogenomic tree based on 400 conserved protein sequences, strain КMM 3653T was placed in the cluster comprising Vannielia litorea, Nioella nitratireducens, Litoreibacter albidus and Pseudoruegeria aquimaris as a separate lineage adjacent to V. litorea KCTC 32083T. The average nucleotide identity values between strain КMM 3653T and V. litorea KCTC 32083T, N. nitratireducens KCTC 32417T, L. albidus KMM 3851T, and P. aquimaris CECT 7680T were 71.1, 70.3, 69.6, and 71.0%, respectively. Strain КMM 3653T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18:1ω7c as the major fatty acid followed by C16:0. The polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids, and five unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of 61.8% was calculated from the genome sequence. Based on the phylogenetic evidence and distinctive phenotypic characteristics, we proposed strain KMM 3653T (= KCTC 82575T) to be classified as a novel genus and species Harenicola maris gen. nov., sp. nov.


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos , Rhodobacteraceae , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Oceanos e Mares , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Federação Russa , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974534

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and oval-shaped bacterial strain with a flagellum, designated GS-10T, was isolated from mangrove wetland sediment. GS-10T grew at 20-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), in the pH range of 5.0-11.0 (optimum, 6.0-8.0) and under various NaCl concentrations from 1 to 11 % (w/v) (optimum, 5-6 %). The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10, and the predominant polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The major fatty acids (>10 % of the total fatty acids) were summed feature 4 (C17 : 1iso I/anteiso B) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 63.71 %. On the basis of the results from comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, GS-10T represents a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae and had the highest sequence similarity to Thalassobius gelatinovorus CECT 4357T (97.47 %), followed by Lutimaribacter pacificus W11-2BT (97.03 %), Marivita cryptomonadis CL-SK44T (96.83 %), Thalassobius autumnalis CECT 5118T (96.75 %) and Thalassobius mediterraneus CECT 5383T (96.68 %). Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) and whole genome sequences revealed that GS-10T clustered with species within the genus Thalassobius. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the average amino acid identity (AAI) values were calculated from complete genome sequences and indicated that GS-10T represented a novel species of the genus Thalassobius, and the name Thalassobius mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed for this species. The type strain of Thalassobius mangrovi is GS-10T (=MCCC 1K03624T=KCTC 82131T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Áreas Alagadas
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