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1.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2699-2702, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018563

RESUMO

We have developed an accelerometric system with a custom-designed patch probe and signal acquisition hardware to acquire the carotid wall displacement from the soft tissue surface for arterial stiffness evaluation. A subject-specific calibration model was developed to estimate the morphology of accurate carotid diameter waveform, using a standard ultrasound B-mode imaging system as the reference. Following the one-time calibration, the accelerometric system continuously acquired a non-invasive carotid lumen diameter waveform. The capability of the accelerometric system to measure the carotid stiffness index (ß) in-vivo was experimentally validated by performing measurements on 8 normotensive subjects in the supine position. The repeatability and reproducibility of the results were investigated and were found to be comparable to those provided by ultrasound imaging systems. Further, the variation of arterial stiffness index measurements on different days was studied to verify the ability of the system to give a stable measure of stiffness. The accuracy of the observed results was confirmed with the state-of-art B-mode ultrasound imaging system. The results were found to be stable over a day, indicating the utility of the system for a reliable measure of non-invasive carotid arterial stiffness.


Assuntos
Rigidez Vascular , Aceleração , Pletismografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia
2.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2711-2714, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018566

RESUMO

Aortic stiffening is a process that is linked to cardiovascular risk factor increase. Then, aortic stiffness evaluation is considered as a good index of the evolution of pathophysiological situations, including myocardial infarction, heart failure, atherosclerosis or stroke. Today, pulse wave velocity (PWV) measurement is considered as the gold standard for evaluation of arterial stiffness. However, most of the current measurement techniques of PWV consider the time for the blood pressure pulse to propagate through a combined length of arteries and give access to arterial PWV. Therefore, none of the available techniques focuses only on the aorta. In the present context of smart clothes development, Inductive Plethsymography (IP) can be an interesting alternative for aortic PWV measure, since it has recently been shown that combination of thoracic and abdominal IP recordings can give cardiac information. We therefore investigate the potential of IP for aortic PWV measurement. In this preliminary study, a comparative analysis of PWV estimated from IP and PWV evaluated from the arm has been carried out on 11 healthy volunteers. Results show a significant linear correlation between both measures (r = 0.86, p<0.001), promising for future investigations on pathological populations.


Assuntos
Análise de Onda de Pulso , Rigidez Vascular , Aorta , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Pletismografia
3.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2715-2718, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018567

RESUMO

Arterial stiffness is an important indicator for vascular aging and an independent predictor for cardiovascular diseases. During space flights or simulated space flights by prolonged head-down tilt bed rest, major cardiovascular alterations occur. However, the changes in arterial stiffness are not fully understood yet. Thus, we aimed to develop a setup for the measurement of arterial stiffness during prolonged head-down tilt bed rest, which incorporates several combinations of biosignals and measurement locations for the determination of pulse transit times. By performing measurements using this setup on female and male subjects, we intend to deepen the understanding of changes in arterial stiffness during prolonged head-down tilt bed rest. This work describes and visualizes the complete setup as well as our measurement protocols and algorithms used. The result section shows the successful recording of baseline signals before the bed rest study and visualizes the synchronized recordings of pulse waves measured on different sides of the body. Thus, it is feasible to use the presented setup in bed rest studies.


Assuntos
Voo Espacial , Rigidez Vascular , Repouso em Cama , Feminino , Decúbito Inclinado com Rebaixamento da Cabeça , Masculino , Análise de Onda de Pulso
4.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2752-2755, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018576

RESUMO

Intervention in the early stages of cardiovascular and kidney diseases is proven to be more effective in preventing disease progression. Large artery stiffness measurement can be a potential early predictor of future risks. The purpose of the study reported in this work was to demonstrate the feasibility of our ARTSENS® Pen device as a high-throughput vascular screening tool for risk assessment. The study was performed during a medical camp conducted for awareness and early-stage detection of kidney diseases. Screening procedures included biosample tests and blood pressure measurements. Alongside, various clinically relevant measures of the arterial stiffness were evaluated using the ARTSENS® Pen, by measuring vessel wall dynamics via our proprietary image-free ultrasound algorithms. Stiffness measurement from the left common carotid artery on 85 participants could be completed within 4 hours, employing two units of ARTSENS® Pen; this also includes time taken for all the procedures enlisted in the study protocol. The associations of carotid stiffness indices with age-, gender-, and risk factor-dependent variations were established.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Rigidez Vascular , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Ultrassonografia
5.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 120(8. Vyp. 2): 37-44, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016675

RESUMO

This publication focuses on the feasibility of using the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with cerebrovascular diseases. The authors consider the pathological conditions and risk factors of stroke associated with increased arterial stiffness, methods for its assessment, the advantages of using CAVI, the experience of using CAVI in patients with cardiovascular diseases, in particular, in neurological patients. The complexity of the application of CAVI in the Russian population, promising directions for determining the index in neurology as well as the importance of CAVI borderline indicators are shown. It is emphasized that stroke patients should be screened with a mandatory study of CAVI.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/complicações , Rigidez Vascular , Tornozelo , Índice Vascular Coração-Tornozelo , Humanos , Federação Russa
6.
J UOEH ; 42(3): 251-259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879189

RESUMO

Preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an urgent public health challenge. Although brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) can indicate the risk of arterial stiffness and CVD, findings regarding whether baPWV is associated with smoking are inconsistent. This study considered the influence of smoking on arteriosclerosis, specifically focusing on secondhand smoke (SHS), and aimed to construct a strategy for preventing the worsening of arteriosclerosis. We recruited 295 male employees from five companies who had smoking habits such as being smokers, living with smokers, and exposure to SHS outside the home. We measured body composition and hemodynamics, including blood pressure and baPWV, and found that baPWV had significant positive correlations with age, smoking index, alcohol consumption, body-fat percentage, blood pressure, and heart rate, and significant negative correlations with height, fat-free mass, and lower-limb muscle mass. Moreover, baPWV showed a significant adverse effect on participants who had metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Multiple regression analysis showed that baPWV had significant positive relationships with age, height, MetS risk factors, cohabitation with smokers, blood pressure, and heart rate, and a significant negative relationship with lower-limb muscle mass. The same results were obtained when adjusting for current smoking status, smoking index, cohabitation with smokers at birth, and frequency of exposure to SHS outside the home. Exposure to tobacco smoke due to cohabitation with smokers increased baPWV regardless of the person's smoking habits. Thus, to prevent an increase in baPWV in housemates and smokers, it is necessary for smokers to quit smoking.


Assuntos
Arteriosclerose/etiologia , Arteriosclerose/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Trabalhador , Características de Residência , Fumantes , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Rigidez Vascular , Local de Trabalho , Arteriosclerose/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar
7.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 125(3): 92-97, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate homocysteine (Hcy) serum levels in women with systemic sclerosis (SSc) compared with healthy controls and to examine possible associations between Hcy and markers of arterial stiffness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed at a single hospital between November 2017 and May 2019: 62 women with SSc and 62 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured non-invasively along the carotid-femoral arterial segment. Serum Hcy was analysed using immunonephelo-metric method. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in Hcy serum levels between SSc female patients and healthy controls (11.9±3.3 vs. 10.3±2.3 µmol/ml, p=0.002). Serum levels of Hcy were positively correlated with PWV (r=0.28, p<0.05), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) (r=0.36, p<0.05) and disease duration (r=0.38, p<0.05), within the SSc group. In addition, in the linear regression model, higher Hcy concentrations were associated with higher PWV [ß=0.74 95% CI (0.085, 1.394); p=0.027], BNP [ß=0.04 95% CI (0.014, 0.072); p=0.004] and disease duration [ß=0.18 95% CI (0.070, 0.300); p=0.002]. In multiple linear regression model adjusting for covariants, Hcy remained positively related to the PWV [ß=0.033 95% CI (0.003, 0.062); p=0.031]. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed a positive correlation between Hcy serum levels and PWV, which indicates that high levels of Hcy may predispose to the development of vascular stiffness in patients with SSc.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico , Rigidez Vascular , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Homocisteína , Humanos , Análise de Onda de Pulso
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22073, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899076

RESUMO

To examine the relationship between self-reported sleep duration and arterial stiffness in a large Chinese population from Kailuan.From July 2010 to December 2015, a total of 17,018 participants aged 18 to 98 years were enrolled after excluding those with a history of cerebrovascular events and coronary artery disease. Participants were divided into 5 categories according to self-reported night sleep duration: ≤5.0, 6.0, 7 (ref), 8, and ≥9.0 hours. A brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity ≥1400 cm/s was considered to represent arterial stiffness. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI) for arterial stiffness according to the sleep duration.Using 7 hours of sleep as the reference group, the multivariable adjusted ORs (95% CI) for arterial stiffness were 1.00 (0.87-1.16), 1.00 (0.90-1.11), 1.0 (ref), 1.03 (0.93-1.14), and 1.48 (1.05-2.08) from the lowest to highest category of sleep duration, respectively. Secondary analysis showed no evidence of interactions between sleep duration and age/sex on the risk of arterial stiffness (P-interaction = .390/.198).A long night sleep duration was associated with increased arterial stiffness.


Assuntos
Sono/fisiologia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22219, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991415

RESUMO

Short stature is reportedly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the mechanism underlying this intriguing epidemiological finding is unclear. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of vascular stiffness, is a predictor of future CVD. Therefore, PWV may be affected by height even before overt CVD occurs. Here, we investigated the association between adult height and PWV in subjects without overt CVD.A total of 1019 subjects (48 ±â€Š12 years old; 509 men, 21 with diabetes mellitus, 209 with hypertension) without overt CVD were enrolled, all of whom underwent brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) measurements. The subjects were divided into 3 groups by height. A multiple regression model was used to estimate baPWV values among heights after the adjustment for confounders.Mean baPWV value was highest in the group with the shortest height for both sexes (both P < .001). Bivariate correlation analysis between height and baPWV showed significant correlations in men (r = -0.131, P = .003) and women (r = -0.180, P < .001). In the multiple regression analysis with adjustment for identified confounders, group height was a predictor of baPWV (P for trend = .003) in younger men (<50 years old) but not in older men, while group height was correlated with baPWV in older women (≥50 years old, P for trend = .014) but not in younger women.Height is inversely correlated with baPWV in subjects without overt CVD, especially in younger men and older women. This may explain the historical epidemiological observation of an inverse relationship between height and CVD.


Assuntos
Estatura/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Onda de Pulso/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 343-352, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943869

RESUMO

Purpose: The impact of glycemic control on macrovascular complications and arterial stiffness in type II diabetes (T2D), as well as the extent of additive effect of hypertension, is unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate the impact of glycemic control on the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), an indicator of arterial stiffness, and to determine the relative risk of concomitant diabetes and hypertension with arterial stiffness. Methods: One hundred and nine participants were enrolled and classified as non-diabetes (n= 37) and diabetes (n=72); the diabetic group was further identified as controllable and uncontrollable T2D depending on their hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. Univariate and multiple regression analyses were used to assess the association between CAVI and glycemic control status and hypertension. Relative risk analysis for abnormal CAVI with exposure to diabetes and hypertension was investigated. Results: In all participants, age, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, and fasting blood sugar were independent predictors of CAVI. In diabetic participants, glycemic control status or HbA1c levels did not significantly correlate with CAVI. Systolic blood pressure was an independent predictor for CAVI with ß = 0.26. In addition, the coexistence of diabetes together with hypertension was significantly associated with a 2.4-fold increase in the risk of abnormal CAVI (95% CI, 1.410-4.184; p <0.001). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that HbA1c as well as fasting blood sugar levels in diabetic participants do not correlate with arterial stiffness. Concomitant diabetes and hypertension significantly increase the risk of arterial stiffness.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice Vascular Coração-Tornozelo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
11.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 307-316, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764951

RESUMO

Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the relationships between arterial stiffness, frailty and fall-related injuries among community-dwelling older adults. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of older adults aged 60 years and older was conducted. Main study parameters: arterial stiffness was measured by the determining the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI); Frailty status was defined using a 7-item frailty screening scale, developed in Russia. This questionnaire included question about falls and fall-related injuries. Orthostatic test and anthropometric tests were done. Medical history (comorbidity, medications), the Osteoporosis Self-assessment Tool (OST), nutritional, physical, cognitive and functional status were evaluated. Results: The study population included 163 people aged 60-89 years. The average predicted value of CAVI in women aged 60-69 was 9.13 ± 0.13, in men, 9.49 ± 0.05; in women aged 70-79, it was 9.49 ± 0.16, in men, 9.73 ±0.11; in women aged 80 and older it was 10.04 ±0.18, in men, 10.24 ±0.10 units. The CAVI above the predicted value was associated with fall-related injuries even after adjustment for age, sex, use of ß-blockers (BBs), history of stroke, and region of residence with the odds ratio 3.52 (95% CI: 1.03 -12.04). Conclusion: Our study revealed an independent association between arterial stiffness and fall-related injuries in older adults over 60 years. The findings suggest that clinicians, especially geriatricians, should pay attention to arterial stiffness of patients with fall-related injuries. Similarly, the patients with CAVI above age-predicted value should be evaluated for risk of falls for prevention of fall-related injuries.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/complicações , Rigidez Vascular , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21227, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791697

RESUMO

Variability of blood pressure (BP) is known as a prognostic value for the subsequent target organ damage in hypertensive patients. Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The relationship between the arterial stiffness and the BP variability has been controversial. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between arterial stiffness and home BP variability in patients with high normal BP and new onset hypertension (HTN).Four hundred sixty three patients (252 males, 49 ±â€Š12 year-old) with high normal BP or HTN were enrolled. Using radial applanation tonometry, pulse wave analysis (PWA) was performed for evaluation of systemic arterial stiffness. All patients underwent both home BP monitoring (HBPM) and PWA. Home BP variability was calculated as the standard deviation (SD) of 7 measurements of HBPM. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to estimate and test the independent effects of home BP variability on the arterial stiffness.Mutivariate analysis showed that both systolic and diastolic morning BP variabilities were correlated with arterial stiffness expressed as augmentation pressure (AP, ß-coefficient = 1.622, P = .01 and ß-coefficient = 1.07, P = .035). The SDs of systolic and diastolic BP of evening were also associated with AP (ß-coefficient = 1.843, P = .001 and ß-coefficient = 1.088, P = .036). The SDs of morning and evening systolic BP were associated with augmentation index (AI, ß-coefficient = 1.583, P = .02 and ß-coefficient = 1.792, P = .001) and heart rate (75 bpm) adjusted AI (ß-coefficient = 1.592, P = .001 and ß-coefficient = 1.792, P = .001).In present study, the variability of systolic BP was closely related with arterial stiffness. The home BP variability might be important indicator of arterial stiffness.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
13.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236667, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular co-morbidities and mortality. Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk and mortality, and is influenced by the presence of OSA and related comorbidities. There is a paucity of data regarding long-term evolution of arterial stiffness in CPAP-treated OSA patients. We aimed to prospectively study long term PWV variations and determinants of PWV deterioration. METHODS: In a prospective obese OSA cohort, at time of diagnosis and after several years of follow-up we collected arterial stiffness measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), clinical and metabolic parameters, and CPAP adherence. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed in order to determine contributing factors. RESULTS: Seventy two OSA patients (men: 52.8%, median age: 55.8 years and median BMI of 38.5 kg/m2) with a prevalence of hypertension: 58.3%, type 2 diabetes: 20.8%, hypercholesterolemia: 33.3%, current or past smoking: 59.7%, were evaluated after a median follow-up of 7.4 [5.8; 8.3] years. Over the period of follow-up, the median increase in PWV was 1.34 [0.10; 2.37] m/s. In multivariate analysis, the increase in PWV was associated with older age (10 extra years was associated with a 5.24 [1.35; 9.12] % increase in PWV) and hypertension (a significant increase in PWV of 8.24 [1.02; 15.57] %). No impact of CPAP adherence on PWV evolution was found. CONCLUSION: PWV progression in CPAP-treated OSA patients is mainly related to pre-existing cardio-metabolic comorbidities and not influenced by CPAP adherence. In this high cardiovascular risk population, it is crucial to associated weight management and exercise with CPAP treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Polissonografia , Fatores de Risco , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico por imagem , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236834, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780748

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pulse wave velocity (PWV), an indicator of vascular stiffness, increases with age and is increasingly recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although many mechanical and chemical factors underlie the stiffness of the elastic artery, genetic risk factors related to age-dependent increases in PWV in apparently healthy people are largely unknown. The transcription factor nuclear factor E2 (NF-E2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which is activated by unidirectional vascular pulsatile shear stress or oxidative stress, regulates vascular redox homeostasis. Previous reports have shown that a SNP in the NRF2 gene regulatory region (-617C>A; hereafter called SNP-617) affects NRF2 gene expression such that the minor A allele confers lower gene expression compared to the C allele, and it is associated with various diseases, including CVD. We aimed to investigate whether SNP-617 affects vascular stiffness with aging in apparently healthy people. METHODS: Analyzing wide-ranging data obtained from a public health survey performed in Japan, we evaluated whether SNP-617 affected brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) in never-smoking healthy subjects (n = 642). We also evaluated the effects of SNP-617 on other cardiovascular and blood test measurements. RESULTS: We have shown that not only AA carriers (n = 55) but also CA carriers (n = 247) show arterial stiffness compared to CC carriers (n = 340). Furthermore, SNP-617 also affected blood pressure indexes such as systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure but not the ankle brachial pressure index, an indicator of atherosclerosis. Multivariate analysis showed that SNP-617 accelerates the incremental ratio of baPWV with age. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to show that SNP-617 affects the age-dependent increase in vascular stiffness. Our results indicate that low NRF2 activity induces premature vascular aging and could be targeted for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases associated with aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Alelos , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/patologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Fumar
15.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236413, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although a number of modifiable and non-modifiable causes were implicated in arterial stiffness, its pathogenesis remains elusive, and very little is known about aortic elasticity in supraventricular arrhythmias. The potential role of disturbed kynurenine metabolism in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease has been recently suggested. Thus, we studied the correlations of aortic stiffness and echocardiographic parameters with biochemical markers and serum level of kynurenic acid (KYNA), an endothelial derivative of tryptophan, formed along the kynurenine pathway, among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Study cohort comprised 100 patients with persistent AF (43 females/57 males). Arterial stiffness index (ASI), structural and functional indices of left atrium (LA) and left ventricle (LV) were evaluated electrocardiographically. Biochemical analyses included the measurements of serum KYNA (HPLC) and of the selected markers of lipids and glucose metabolism, thyroid status, kidney function, inflammation and coagulation. RESULTS: KYNA (ß = 0.389, P = 0.029), homocysteine (ß = 0.256, P = 0.40), total cholesterol (ß = 0.814; P = 0.044), LDL (ß = 0.663; P = 0.44), TSH (ß = 0.262, P = 0.02), fT3 (ß = -0.333, P = 0.009), fT4 (ß = -0.275, P = 0.043) and creatinine (ß = 0.374, P = 0.043) were independently correlated with ASI. ASI was also independently associated with LV end-systolic diameter (LVEDd; ß = 1.751, P = 0.045), midwall fractional shortening (mFS; ß = -1.266, P = 0.007), ratio mFS/end-systolic stress (mFS/ESS; ß = -0.235, P = 0.026), LV shortening fraction (FS; ß = -0.254, P = 0.017), and LA volume index (LAVI; ß = 0.944, P = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AF, aortic stiffness correlated positively with KYNA, biochemical risk factors of atherosclerosis and with the indices of diastolic dysfunction of LV and LA. Revealed relationship between ASI and KYNA is an original observation, suggesting a potential role of disturbed kynurenine metabolism in the pathogenesis of arterial stiffening. KYNA, synthesis of which is influenced by homocysteine, emerges as a novel, non-classical factor associated with ASI in patients with AF.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ácido Cinurênico/sangue , Adulto , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/patologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Cinurenina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237237, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of arterial stiffness is not completely understood. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an established marker for arterial stiffness. We compare genetics of three PWV modes, namely carotid-femoral PWV (cfPWV), brachial-ankle (baPWV) and brachial-femoral (bfPWV), reflecting different vascular segments to analyse association with genetic variants, heritability and genetic correlation with other biological traits. Furthermore we searched for shared genetic architecture concerning PWV, blood pressure (BP) and coronary artery disease (CAD) and examined the causal relationship between PWV and BP. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for cfPWV, baPWV and bfPWV in LIFE-Adult (N = 3,643-6,734). We analysed the overlap of detected genetic loci with those of BP and CAD and performed genetic correlation analyses. By bidirectional Mendelian Randomization, we assessed the causal relationships between PWV and BP. For cfPWV we identified a new locus with genome-wide significance near SLC4A7 on cytoband 3p24.1 (lead SNP rs939834: p = 2.05x10-8). We replicated a known PWV locus on cytoband 14q32.2 near RP11-61O1.1 (lead SNPs: rs17773233, p = 1.38x10-4; rs1381289, p = 1.91x10-4) For baPWV we estimated a heritability of 28% and significant genetic correlation with hypertension (rg = 0.27, p = 6.65x10-8). We showed a positive causal effect of systolic blood pressure on PWV modes (cfPWV: p = 1.51x10-4; bfPWV: p = 1.45x10-3; baPWV: p = 6.82x10-15). CONCLUSIONS: We identified a new locus for arterial stiffness and successfully replicated an earlier proposed locus. PWV shares common genetic architecture with BP and CAD. BP causally affects PWV. Larger studies are required to further unravel the genetic determinants and effects of PWV.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Hipertensão/genética , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Simportadores de Sódio-Bicarbonato/genética
17.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 992-997, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE Our aim is to determine whether radiation affects the endothelial function of hospital staff working in the radiation unit for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. We have evaluated endothelial function with vascular imaging parameters such as flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and aortic stiffness index (ASI). METHODS A total of 75 employees, 35 of whom are exposed to radiation due to their profession and 40 as the control group, were included in our single-centered study. Demographic data, FMD, aortic stiffness, and echocardiographic findings of the two groups were compared. RESULTS There were no significant differences in demographic data. Median FMD values tended to be lower in the radiation exposure group [7.89 (2.17-21.88) vs. 11.69 (5.13-27.27) p=0.09]. The FMD value was significantly lower in the catheter laboratory group than in the radiation-exposed (p=0.034) and control (p=0.012) groups. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the non-catheter lab radiation exposed group and the control group (p=0.804). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in the ASI value between the groups (p=0.201). CONCLUSION We have found that FMD is decreased among hospital staff working in radiation-associated areas. This may be an early marker for radiation-induced endothelial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial , Lesões por Radiação , Rigidez Vascular , Ecocardiografia , Endotélio Vascular , Humanos , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 769-775, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684606

RESUMO

The number of heart failure patients is increasing rapidly in Japan because of its large elderly population. As age increases, arterial stiffness and physical dysfunction progress. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the physical function and arterial stiffness in elderly heart failure patients.This retrospective, observational study includes data from 100 heart failure patients aged ≥ 65 years who were admitted to our hospital and underwent cardiac rehabilitation. The Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) was measured as an indicator of arterial stiffness. Body composition was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis. To determine the degree of physical function, we assessed handgrip strength, five-meter walk speed (5MWS), five-repetition sit-to-stand time (5RSST) and six-minute walk distance (6MWD). Sarcopenia was defined using Asian guidelines based on physical function and body composition.Among 100 patients, 47.0% of patients had sarcopenia. After adjustments for age, sex, atrial fibrillation, and ischemic cardiomyopathy, CAVI was significantly higher in with sarcopenia patients than those without sarcopenia. Age, handgrip strength, 5MWS, 5RSST, and 6MWD were associated with CAVI, and 6MWD was as an independent determinant factor of CAVI.6MWD was recognized as an accurate physical function indicator. These findings suggested that physical function and arterial stiffness complement each other. To restore cardiac dysfunction, improving both arterial stiffness and physical function might be useful.


Assuntos
Índice Vascular Coração-Tornozelo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/complicações
19.
Rev Med Chil ; 148(4): 496-499, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730458

RESUMO

Background The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be a good indicator of arterial stiffness. Aim To assess the correlation between AASI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension. Material and Methods Cross sectional study in 28 diabetic patients aged 49 ± 7 years (40% women). AASI was calculated as 1 minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure, using ABPM data. ABPM was measured in the arm using an oscillometric device. ABI was calculated as the ratio between ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure. CAVI was derived from pulse wave velocity using the Vasera VS-1000 device. Correlations were calculated using a bivariate Spearman correlation. Results The mean values for AASI, ABI, baPWV and CAVI were 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s and 7.60 ± 1.90, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between AASI and ABI (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusions In these diabetic patients, there was an association between AASI, an arterial stiffness marker and ABI, an indicator for the presence of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Tornozelo/irrigação sanguínea , Artérias/fisiopatologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Onda de Pulso
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e21062, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) are well-known, there is insufficient evidence about the effects of HIIT on heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHOD: Multiple databases include MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, PEDro, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar are used to search for randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of HIIT on HFpEF. All related articles published with the English language with no time limitation will be included. Two reviews independently conducted the selection, data extraction, and quality assessment. The primary outcome is exercise capacity. The secondary outcomes include quality of life (QoL), blood pressure (BP), ventricular function, and left ventricular diastolic function, symptom improvement, endothelial function, and arterial stiffness. Data analysis is performed with Review Manager Software (Version 5.3). RESULT: This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to evaluate the efficacy of HIIT on HFpEF, its outcome will provide reliable evidence for future studies. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will be published in a related peer-reviewed journal. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202050097.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Diástole/fisiologia , Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
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