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1.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211049963, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between soluble scavenger receptor differentiation antigen 163 (sCD163) and the severity and prognosis of renal injury in lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Serum sCD163 levels in 121 Eastern Chinese patients with LN who underwent renal biopsy were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Clinical data were collected, and the glomerular filtration rate and disease activity score of lupus were calculated. Pathological classification was performed, and renal pathological scores were assessed by the activity index (AI) and chronic index (CI). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were drawn to evaluate prognosis. RESULTS: The pathological classification, AI and CI scores in the high sCD163 group were increased. The sCD163 levels were positively correlated with serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, AI scores and CI scores and negatively correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the incidence of renal endpoint events was increased in the high sCD163 group compared with the normal sCD163 group. CONCLUSION: The serum sCD163 level correlates with the severity of LN and is an important indicator of poor renal prognosis in patients with LN.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica , Antígenos CD , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica , China , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Nefrite Lúpica/diagnóstico , Receptores de Superfície Celular
2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(11): 1216-20, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of moxibustion combined with basic treatment and simple basic treatment on the clinical symptoms, renal function and hypercoagulable state in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) of low to medium risk with spleen-kidney deficiency and blood stasis. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with IMN of low to medium risk with spleen-kidney deficiency and blood stasis were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the control group, the conventional basic treatment of anti-hypertension, regulating blood lipid and anti-coagulation was adopted. On the basis of the control group, moxibustion was applied at Shenshu (BL 23), Pishu (BL 20), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the observation group, once a day, 5 days a week continuously with 2 day interval. The treatment of 6 months was required in the both groups. Before treatment and 3 and 6 months into treatment, the total TCM syndrome score, the renal function indexes (24-hour urinary protein quantity [UTP], albumin [ALB], urea nitrogen [BUN] and creatinine [Scr]), the blood coagulation indexes (fibrinogen [FIB], D-Dimer [D-D], p-selection and von Willebrand factor [vWF]), total cholesterol (TC) and triacylglycerol (TG) levels were observed, and the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated on 3 and 6 months into treatment in the two groups. RESULTS: The effective rates of 3 and 6 months into treatment were 78.6% (22/28) and 89.3% (25/28) in the observation group, which were higher than 62.1% (18/29) and 75.9% (22/29) in the control group respectively (P<0.05). On 3 and 6 months into treatment, the total TCM syndrome scores were decreased compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). On 3 months into treatment, the levels of UTP, FIB, D-D, P-selection and vWF were decreased (P<0.05), the level of ALB was increased (P<0.05) compared before treatment in the observation group; the levels of UTP and FIB were decreased compared before treatment in the control group (P<0.05); the level of ALB in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), the levels of FIB and vWF in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). On 6 months into treatment, the levels of UTP, FIB, D-D, P-selection, vWF, TC and TG were decreased (P<0.05), the levels of ALB were increased (P<0.05) compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05); the levels of UTP, FIB, D-D, P-selection, vWF, TC and TG in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, the level of ALB in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion combined with basic treatment can effectively improve the clinical symptoms, renal function and renal microcirculation in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy of low to medium risk with spleen-kidney deficiency and blood stasis, the therapeutic effect is superior to the simple basic treatment.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Baço
3.
Kardiologiia ; 61(10): 81-88, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763642

RESUMO

This review focuses on issues of anticoagulant therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Such patients are at high risk of stroke whereas the choice of an anticoagulant is difficult. A wealth of information about a negative effect of warfarin on the kidney function has accumulated. A need for an alternative therapy to warfarin for patients with stage 3-4 CKD has become imminent. In this regard, rivaroxaban seems to be an appropriate replacement for warfarin in such patients. In randomized, controlled studies that evaluated the efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants in comparison with warfarin, the efficacy and safety profile of a "kidney" dose in moderate disorders of kidney function has been studied only for rivaroxaban. Moreover, both randomized, controlled studies and studies performed in the conditions of clinical practice, have demonstrated a more favorable effect of rivaroxaban on kidney function compared to warfarin. Patients with AF associated with CKD require a comprehensive protection, which, according to results of clinical studies, may be provided by rivaroxaban.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Piridonas/uso terapêutico
4.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 24(4): 434-440, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747750

RESUMO

Background: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to tissue hypoxia, inflammatory response, and risk for acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the prevalence of AKI and inflammatory response in neonates undergoing heart surgery requiring CPB with or without antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP). Methods: Forty neonates were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups depending on the use of ACP. AKI was classified based on the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Inflammatory response was measured using plasma concentrations of interleukins 6 (IL-6) and 10 (IL-10), white blood cell count (WBC), and C-reactive protein (CRP). Results: Eight patients (20%) experienced AKI: five (29%) in the ACP group and three (13%) in the non-ACP group (P = 0.25). Postoperative peak plasma creatinine and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin were significantly higher in the ACP group than in the non-ACP group [46.0 (35.0-60.5) vs 37.5 (33.0-42.5), P = 0.044 and 118.0 (55.4-223.7) vs 29.8 (8.1-109.2), P = 0.02, respectively]. Four patients in the ACP group and one in the non-ACP group required peritoneal dialysis (P = 0.003). Postoperative plasma IL-6, IL-10, and CRP increased significantly in both groups. There were no significant differences between the ACP and non-ACP groups in any of the inflammatory parameters measured. Conclusions: No significant difference in the AKI occurrence or inflammatory response related to CPB modality could be found. In our study population, inflammation was not the key factor leading to AKI. Due to the limited number of patients, these findings should be interpreted with caution.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Lipocalina-2 , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
5.
Int J Cardiol ; 345: 54-60, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activation is believed to be the major driver of acute heart failure (AHF) episodes our understanding of its prevalence and clinical relevance in contemporary settings is incomplete. METHODS: Serum renin and aldosterone were measured at day-1 and at discharge in patients (n = 211) that were hospitalized between 2016 and 2017 for AHF in a single cardiology center. The population was profiled based on upper limits of normal (ULN) of both biomarkers assessed at day-1 and linked with the clinical course and outcomes. RESULTS: The study population constituted of three profiles: RAAS-/- (n = 121 [57%]); RAAS+/- (n = 60 [28%]); and RAAS+/+ (n = 30 [14%]). The RAAS+/+ profile had the lowest blood pressure and serum sodium at admission, day-2 and discharge compared to the other profiles (p < 0.001). The RAAS+/+ patients had significantly lower urine Na+ at admission (57.8 ± 36.7 vs 97.3 ± 31.3 and 86.4 ± 35.0), day-1 (52.7 ± 32.7 vs 85.3 ± 36.3 and 75.5 ± 33.9) mmol/l, vs RAAS-/- and RAAS+/- profiles, respectively, all p < 0.001. There was also a gradual decrease of renal function across increasing RAAS profiles. The RAAS+/+ profile received higher dose of furosemide at discharge 120 [80-160] vs the other profiles 80 [40-120] mg, p < 0.01. The risks of one year mortality or HF rehospitalization increased across the RAAS profiles (p < 0.001). The trajectory of renin or aldosterone change during hospitalization was not related to outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The RAAS overactivity is not essential for development of AHF. However, elevated RAAS is a marker of more advanced stages of heart failure, is related to low natriuresis and adverse clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Aldosterona , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Prognóstico , Renina
6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 423, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Glycogen storage disease type I (GSD-I) is an autosomal recessive disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, resulting in limited production of glucose and excessive glycogen storage in the liver and kidneys. These patients are characterized by life-threatening hypoglycemia, metabolic derangements, hepatomegaly, chronic kidney disease, and failure to thrive. Liver transplantation (LT) has been performed for poor metabolic control and delayed growth. However, renal outcome was diverse in pediatric GSD patients after LT. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of renal function in pediatric GSD-I patients after living donor LT (LDLT), and to identify modifiable variables that potentially permits LT to confer native renal preservation. METHODS: The study included eight GSD-Ia and one GSD-Ib children with a median age of 9.0 (range 4.2-15.7) years at the time of LT. Using propensity score matching, 20 children with biliary atresia (BA) receiving LT were selected as the control group by matching for age, sex, pre-operative serum creatinine (SCr) and pediatric end-stage liver disease (PELD) score. Renal function was evaluated based on the SCr, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), microalbuminuria, and morphological changes in the kidneys. Comparability in long-term renal outcome in terms of anatomic and functional parameters will help to identify pre-LT factors of GSD-I that affect renal prognosis. RESULTS: The clinical and biochemical characteristics of the GSD and BA groups were similar, including immunosuppressive regimens and duration of follow-up (median 15 years) after LT. Overall, renal function, including eGFR and microalbuminuria was comparable in the GSD-I and BA groups (median eGFR: 111 vs. 123 ml/min/1.73m2, P = 0.268; median urine microalbuminuria to creatinine ratio: 16.0 vs. 7.2 mg/g, P = 0.099, respectively) after LT. However, in the subgroups of the GSD cohort, patients starting cornstarch therapy at an older age (≥ 6-year-old) before transplantation demonstrated a worse renal outcome in terms of eGFR change over years (P < 0.001). In addition, the enlarged kidney in GSD-I returned to within normal range after LT. CONCLUSIONS: Post-LT renal function was well-preserved in most GSD-I patients. Early initiation of cornstarch therapy before preschool age, followed by LT, achieved a good renal prognosis.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Terminal , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo I , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio , Transplante de Fígado , Adolescente , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Rim/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
RMD Open ; 7(3)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Because a significant fraction of patients with lupus nephritis (LN) develops renal impairment, there is a need to better understand the mechanisms underlying disease progression. Here, we assessed for cellular senescence in the LN kidney, and its association with disease severity and outcome. METHODS: We enumerated the number of cells positive for p16INK4a protein, a marker of cellular senescence, by immunohistochemistry followed by digital quantification, on renal biopsies from 40 patients with active LN. We tested for an association of p16INK4a with renal fibrosis, CD8+ T cell infiltration, systemic disease and renal function at baseline and at 5 years. RESULTS: The presence of p16INK4a-positive cells was significantly associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate at baseline and 5 years post-treatment, independently of patient demographics and systemic disease parameters. It was also associated with higher baseline renal fibrosis and CD8+ T cell infiltration. Interestingly, we observed marked spatial co-distribution of glomerular p16INK4a-positive cells with CD8+ T cells. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate, for the first time, that LN biopsies characterised by renal impairment display increased p16INK4a-positive cells, associated with higher fibrosis and CD8+ T cell infiltration. Cellular senescence may represent a kidney-intrinsic disease mechanism and potentially, a novel therapeutic target in LN.


Assuntos
Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Nefrite Lúpica , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Senescência Celular , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia
8.
In Vivo ; 35(6): 3221-3232, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The use of iodinated contrast media may impair renal function. However, no report has addressed the nephrotoxicity of high doses of iodinated contrast media in normal kidney cells and its associated molecular mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell proliferation was assessed using the MTT assay. Cell death was evaluated through examining the morphological changes and TUNEL assay. Autophagy was detected through acridine orange staining and lysotracker staining. Reactive oxygen species production and AKT kinase activity were examined. RESULTS: Iopromide induced cell death and triggered apoptosis and autophagy in HEK 293 cells. Cell viability was significantly restored in the presence of a pan-caspase inhibitor or a ROS scavenger, N-acetyl-L-cysteine. AKT kinase activity was found to be reduced in iopromide-treated HEK 293 cells. CONCLUSION: High concentrations of iopromide induce cell damage, apoptosis, and autophagy through down-regulating AKT and ROS-activated cellular stress pathways in HEK 293 cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Autofagia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Iohexol/análogos & derivados , Rim/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639784

RESUMO

Aluminum (Al) toxicity is related to renal failure and the failure of other systems. Although there were some genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Australia and England, there were no GWAS about Han Chinese to our knowledge. Thus, this research focused on using whole genomic genotypes from the Taiwan Biobank for exploring the association between Al concentrations in plasma and renal function. Participants, who underwent questionnaire interviews, biomarkers, and genotyping, were from the Taiwan Biobank database. Then, we measured their plasma Al concentrations with ICP-MS in the laboratory at Kaohsiung Medical University. We used this data to link genome-wide association (GWA) tests while looking for candidate genes and associated plasma Al concentration to renal function. Furthermore, we examined the path relationship between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs), Al concentrations, and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) through the mediation analysis with 3000 replication bootstraps. Following the principles of GWAS, we focused on three SNPs within the dipeptidyl peptidase-like protein 6 (DPP6) gene in chromosome 7, rs10224371, rs2316242, and rs10268004, respectively. The results of the mediation analysis showed that all of the selected SNPs have indirectly affected eGFR through a mediation of Al concentrations. Our analysis revealed the association between DPP6 SNPs, plasma Al concentrations, and eGFR. However, further longitudinal studies and research on mechanism are in need. Our analysis was still be the first study that explored the association between the DPP6, SNPs, and Al in plasma affecting eGFR.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Alumínio/toxicidade , Dipeptidil Peptidases e Tripeptidil Peptidases , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Canais de Potássio/genética
10.
G Ital Nefrol ; 38(Suppl 77)2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669306

RESUMO

Antibiotics are a relatively common cause of acute kidney injury that occurs mainly in patients with underlying risk factors. Adverse reactions from antibiotics can be classified as type A when they are foreseeable, we know the cause and are often dose dependent and type B when they occur in an unpredictable way, are independent of the dose and due to hypersensitivity and / or immunoallergic phenomena. All compartments of the kidney are prone to antibiotic damage which, clinically, results in tubular dysfunction, acute renal failure, nephritic syndrome and chronic renal failure. The drugs most responsible are vancomycin, aminoglycosides and beta lactamines. The occurrence of acute renal failure correlates with the length of hospitalization and the risk of death. It therefore becomes of fundamental clinical importance to know the antibiotics with potential nephrotoxic effect in order to establish the dosage on the basis of renal function and correct all the factors that can enhance their toxicity.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Aminoglicosídeos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia
11.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 13(1): e1-e3, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636616

RESUMO

A group of Vanguard Community Health Centre doctors embarked on a Health System's Improvement (HSI) project with the aim of reducing harm to renal function in patients who were either commenced on or switched to a dolutegravir (DTG)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen since 2019, when the usual monitoring and evaluation of ART-regimen switches were disrupted by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This intended harm-reduction exercise, involving a reflective process that was facilitated by the family physician, led to the development of a Vanguard Renal Protection Surveillance tool, which is now used at Vanguard to detect and prevent renal decline.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Oxazinas , Médicos de Família , Piperazinas , Piridonas , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Acute Med ; 20(3): 227-230, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679141

RESUMO

A 53 year old female with a background of hypertension, hypothyroidism and Raynaud's was admitted with an acute ischaemic stroke and referred to the renal team after a routine urine dip revealed microscopic haematuria and nephrotic-range proteinuria. Blood tests revealed renal impairment, a monoclonal IgM kappa paraprotein, low complement C4 concentration and a positive rheumatoid factor. Active cryoglobulinaemia was suspected and testing demonstrated type II cryoglobulins secondary to the monoclonal IgM kappa paraprotein. Bone marrow biopsy was normal. Renal biopsy revealed cryoglobulinaemia associated membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. Treatment with steroids and rituximab improved renal function and proteinuria. This case fits within the evolving spectrum of disorders now termed Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance and highlights the value of biopsying and treating these patients early.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Crioglobulinemia , Paraproteinemias , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Crioglobulinemia/complicações , Crioglobulinemia/diagnóstico , Crioglobulinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 52(3): 1024-1029, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687520

RESUMO

Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is an early marker for renal lesions in mammals. The objectives of this study were 1) to establish a reference interval of SDMA in healthy brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814), and 2) to assess its sensibility as a marker of renal pathology. Plasma SDMA was quantified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in 25 adult brook trout, including 20 fish displaying no renal histologic lesions, and five fish displaying chronic nonactive microscopic granulomas. The fish size (P = 0.30) and weight (P = 0.12) were not statistically different among groups, nor were SDMA values (P = 0.22). However, brook trout without microscopic renal lesions tended to have lower SDMA values (no lesions: mean = 24.9 µg/dL; lesions: mean = 31.4 µg/dL). The reference interval (90% confidence interval [90% CI]) for SDMA concentration in brook trout ranged between 10.0 µg/dL (90% CI: 5.4-14.7) and 39.8 µg/dL (90% CI: 34.8-43.9). These values were higher than those previously reported in other vertebrate species. Further research is needed to evaluate the use of SDMA as a marker of renal function in fishes.


Assuntos
Arginina , Truta , Animais , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Rim/fisiologia , Valores de Referência
15.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 181: 109090, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648888

RESUMO

AIM: To observe the effect of Ramadan fasting on renal function of people with diabetes. METHODS: This prospective, observational, and longitudinal study was conducted at Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, between April-July 2019. People with type2 diabetes mellitus were recruited using convenient sampling. Demographic data along with renal function were recorded before Ramadan. Kidney functions were assessed in those who came for follow up at 6 weeks, 3 months, and a year after Ramadan. RESULTS: A total of seventy people with diabetes participated in this study with the mean age of 53.11 ± 8.70 years. A significant decline in eGFR was noted around six weeks post Ramadan with a significant improvement of eGFR at 3 months follow-up. The normalization of kidney functions among the study participants was observed even after one year of Ramadan. CONCLUSION: In this study post Ramadan assessment of creatinine clearance showed a significant fall among fasting people with diabetes though remained with in normal limits. Significant improvement and reversal of kidney functions was noted in those who followed within three months' time.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Jejum , Adulto , Humanos , Islamismo , Rim/fisiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Pediatrics ; 148(5)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599008

RESUMO

In this state-of-the-art review, we highlight the major advances over the last 5 years in neonatal acute kidney injury (AKI). Large multicenter studies reveal that neonatal AKI is common and independently associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The natural course of neonatal AKI, along with the risk factors, mitigation strategies, and the role of AKI on short- and long-term outcomes, is becoming clearer. Specific progress has been made in identifying potential preventive strategies for AKI, such as the use of caffeine in premature neonates, theophylline in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, and nephrotoxic medication monitoring programs. New evidence highlights the importance of the kidney in "crosstalk" between other organs and how AKI likely plays a critical role in other organ development and injury, such as intraventricular hemorrhage and lung disease. New technology has resulted in advancement in prevention and improvements in the current management in neonates with severe AKI. With specific continuous renal replacement therapy machines designed for neonates, this therapy is now available and is being used with increasing frequency in NICUs. Moving forward, biomarkers, such as urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and other new technologies, such as monitoring of renal tissue oxygenation and nephron counting, will likely play an increased role in identification of AKI and those most vulnerable for chronic kidney disease. Future research needs to be focused on determining the optimal follow-up strategy for neonates with a history of AKI to detect chronic kidney disease.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Injúria Renal Aguda/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Injúria Renal Aguda/terapia , Biomarcadores/urina , Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/fisiologia , Lipocalina-2/urina , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Consumo de Oxigênio , Terapia de Substituição Renal/instrumentação , Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Teofilina/uso terapêutico , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico
17.
Clin Nephrol ; 96(1): 127-132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643504

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Foscarnet (trisodium phosphonoformate hexahydrate) is standard treatment for ganciclovir-resistant cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections. In the kidney, foscarnet-induced injury may be attributed to reversible tubulointerstitial lesions, but foscarnet crystals have also been observed within glomerular capillaries, suggesting that foscarnet can lead to glomerular lesions such as crescentic glomerulonephritis. We present biopsy and autopsy findings of foscarnet induced nephropathy in a transplanted kidney, with a particular emphasis on the histopathology and electron micrographic peculiarities of drug crystal deposits. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old Caucasian male patient with a deceased donor kidney was treated with several foscarnet applications due to ganciclovir-resistant CMV infection. Transplant kidney biopsy revealed massive glomerular crystalline precipitates, resulting in crescentic glomerulonephritis and tubular damage. The last foscarnet application was complicated with several infections and kidney graft failure. Autopsy revealed multi-organ damage due to foscarnet crystal precipitations associated with systemic CMV and fungal infection. On autopsy of kidney specimens, we succeeded in preserving the rectangular flat plate-like foscarnet crystals in stacks detected by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after 100% alcohol fixation. The chemical composition of the crystals was confirmed by attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. CONCLUSION: Transplant kidney biopsy remains the gold standard in distinguishing between foscarnet crystalline glomerular and/or tubulointerstitial lesions, and various forms of rejection and other causes of impaired renal function in transplant kidney.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Nefrite Intersticial , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Foscarnet/efeitos adversos , Ganciclovir , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 345: 90-97, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rivaroxaban is a direct inhibitor of activated Factor X (FXa), an anti-inflammatory protein exerting a protective effect on the cardiac valve and vascular endothelium. We compare the effect of Warfarin and Rivaroxaban on inflammation biomarkers and their contribution to heart valve calcification progression and renal preservation in a population of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3b - 4. METHODS: This was an observational, multicenter, prospective study enrolling 347 consecutive CKD stage 3b - 4 patients newly diagnosed with AF: 247 were treated with Rivaroxaban and 100 with Warfarin. Every 12 months, we measured creatinine levels and cardiac valve calcification via standard trans-thoracic echocardiogram, while plasma levels of inflammatory mediators were quantified by ELISA at baseline and after 24 months. RESULTS: Over a follow-up of 24 months, long-term treatment with Rivaroxaban was associated with a significative reduction of cytokines. Patients treated with Rivaroxaban experienced a more frequent stabilization/regression of valve calcifications comparing with patients treated with Warfarin. Rivaroxaban use was related with an improvement in kidney function in 87.4% of patients, while in those treated with Warfarin was reported a worsening of renal clearance in 98% of cases. Patients taking Rivaroxaban experienced lower adverse events (3.2% vs 49%, p-value <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that Rivaroxaban compared to Warfarin is associated with lower levels of serum markers of inflammation. The inhibition of FXa may exert an anti-inflammatory effect contributing to reduce the risk of cardiac valve calcification progression and worsening of renal function.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Rivaroxabana , Resultado do Tratamento , Varfarina/efeitos adversos
19.
Korean J Intern Med ; 36(6): 1437-1449, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cigarette smoking is an important modifiable risk factor in kidney disease progression. However, the underlying mechanisms for this are lacking. This study aimed to assess whether nicotine (NIC), a major toxic component of cigarette smoking, would exacerbates tacrolimus (TAC)-induced renal injury. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were treated daily with NIC, TAC, or both drugs for 4 weeks. The influence of NIC on TAC-caused renal injury was examined via renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and programmed cell death (apoptosis and autophagy). RESULTS: Both NIC and TAC significantly impaired renal function and histopathology, while combined NIC and TAC treatment aggravated these parameters beyond the effects of either alone. Increased oxidative stress, ER stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, proinf lammatory and profibrotic cytokine expressions, and programmed cell death from either NIC or TAC were also aggravated by the two combined. CONCLUSION: Our observations suggest that NIC exacerbates chronic TAC nephrotoxicity, implying that smoking cessation may be beneficial for transplant smokers taking TAC.


Assuntos
Nicotina , Tacrolimo , Animais , Apoptose , Rim/fisiologia , Nicotina/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tacrolimo/toxicidade
20.
Harefuah ; 160(9): 570-575, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic-pyeloplasty (RP) for uretero-pelvic-junction-obstruction (UPJO) has been performed in our institution since 2013. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the outcomes of RP in adults over 18 years of age. METHODS: Adult RP cases have been prospectively documented. Analysis included demographic data such as age, sex, American Association of Anesthesiology-ASA Score, surgical-side, pre-operative imaging. Operative time (OT), estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS) and short-term complications were also recorded. In all cases a JJ-stent has been left in place and subsequently taken out. Complications were classified in accordance with the Clavien-Dindo classification criteria. Patients were seen periodically with repeat imaging. The renal scan was performed at least once during the post-operative follow-up. Results are given as median (inter-quartile range) or numeric values (%). RESULTS: A total of 32 patients aged 33.5 years (21-45.2) had RP between the years 2013-2020, among which 53% were females and 59% right sided. An ASA score of 1-2 has been observed in 87.5% of all cases. Skin-to-skin OT was 163 min (136-185), and EBL was 5 ml (0-30). Short-term post-operative complications were hematuria (3.1%), urinary leak/urinoma (12.5%), body temperature>38.30C (12.5%). In 2 cases (6.2%) the JJ-stent had been re-positioned in the operating-theater (Clavien-Dindo 3b). LOS was 3 days (2-4) and JJ-stent had been taken out 39 days (31.7-45.2) post-operatively. Median length of follow-up was 19.5 months (9.5-26.7). In 92.3% of cases an improvement in hydronephrosis has been observed in post-operative imaging. The renal scan did not demonstrate renal function deterioration. CONCLUSIONS: Adult robotic pyeloplasty for UPJO is safe and effective. Low complication rates and over 90% success rates have been observed. These findings are in line with those found in previous studies.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Obstrução Ureteral , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos
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