Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.599
Filtrar
1.
Lancet Haematol ; 8(1): e34-e44, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fit patients with mantle cell lymphoma aged 18-65 years are usually given cytarabine and rituximab-based induction regimens followed by autologous haematopoetic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). We investigated whether post-autologous HSCT maintenance with lenalidomide improves progression-free survival in this population. METHODS: This open-label, randomised, multicentre, phase 3 trial was done at 49 haematology and oncology units in Italy and Portugal. Eligible patients had Ann Arbor stage III or IV treatment-naive mantle cell lymphoma (or stage II plus bulky disease [≥5 cm] or B symptoms), and had evidence of cyclin D1 overexpression or the translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32). Patients were aged 18-59 years with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-3, or aged 60-65 years with ECOG 0-2. After an optional prephase with vincristine and steroids (intravenous vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 on day 1, oral prednisone 100 mg [total dose] on days 1-5), patients were given three courses of R-CHOP (21-day cycle, intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2 on day 1; intravenous doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, vincristine 1·4 mg/m2, and cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2 on day 2; oral prednisone 100 mg/m2 on day 2-6). Patients then received one cycle of high-dose CTX (intravenous cyclophosphamide 4 g/m2 on day 1, intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2 on day 4). After restaging, patients received two cycles of R-HD-cytarabine (high-dose intravenous cytarabine 2 g/m2 every 12 h on days 1-3, intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2 on days 4 and 10). Patients with complete remission or partial remission proceeded to autologous HSCT and responding patients (complete remission or partial remission) with haematological recovery were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 24 courses of oral lenalidomide maintenance (15 mg per day for patients with platelets >100 × 109 cells per L or 10 mg per day for platelets 60-100 × 109 cells per L, days 1-21 every 28 days) for 24 months, or observation. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, measured in the randomised population. This study is registered with EudraCT (2009-012807-25) and ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02354313). FINDINGS: Between May 4, 2010, and Aug 24, 2015, 303 patients were screened for inclusion and 300 patients were enrolled (median age 57 years, IQR 51-62; 235 [78%] male). 95 patients were excluded before randomisation, mostly due to disease progression, adverse events, and inadequate recovery. 104 patients were randomly assigned to the lenalidomide maintenance group and 101 patients to the observation group. 11 (11%) of 104 patients assigned to lenalidomide did not start treatment (3 withdrew, 6 adverse events or protocol breach, 2 lost to follow-up). At a median follow-up of 38 months after randomisation (IQR 24-50), 3-year progression-free survival was 80% (95% CI 70-87) in the lenalidomide group versus 64% (53-73) in the observation group (log-rank test p=0·012; hazard ratio 0·51, 95% CI 0·30-0·87). 41 (39%) of 104 patients discontinued lenalidomide for reasons including death or progression. Treatment-related deaths were recorded in two (2%) of 93 patients in the lenalidomide group (1 pneumonia, 1 thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura), and one (1%) of 101 in the observation group (pneumonia). 59 (63%) of 93 patients in the lenalidomide group had grade 3-4 haematological adverse events versus 12 (12%) of 101 patients in the observation group (p<0·0001). 29 (31%) of 93 patients in the lenalidomide group and eight (8%) of 101 patients in the observation group had grade 3-4 non-haematological adverse events (p<0·0001), of which infections were the most common.Serious adverse events were reported in 22 (24%) of 93 patients in the lenalidomide group and five (5%) of 101 patients in the observation group. Pneumonia and other infections were the most common serious adverse events. INTERPRETATION: Despite non-negligibile toxicity, lenalidomide after autologous HSCT improved progression-free survival in patients with mantle cell lymphoma, highlighting the role of maintenance in mantle cell lymphoma. FUNDING: Fondazione Italiana Linfomi and Celgene.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lenalidomida/efeitos adversos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/sangue , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37: 11, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062114

RESUMO

Primary pulmonary lymphoma is a rare entity. Furthermore, simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax (SBSP) is a very rare condition which is often related to therapeutic complications. We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of primary pulmonary mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma revealed by SBSP. A 50-year-old female was diagnosed with organizing pneumonia. One month later, she presented with sudden chest pain and shortness of breath due to SBSP. Bilateral chest tubes were inserted. A scan- guided right lung biopsy led to the diagnosis of primary pulmonary MALT lymphoma. The patient was treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy. The association between lymphoma and pneumothorax is extremely rare, often related to therapeutic toxicity. We report the case of SBSP as the first manifestation of primary pulmonary MALT lymphoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Tubos Torácicos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
5.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(11): e838-e850, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091357

RESUMO

The integration of rituximab (R) into cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) by Coiffier and colleagues was the first, and last, successful modification of this backbone regimen, which has endured now for almost 20 years. Countless attempts to redefine R-CHOP for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have migrated from a focus on dose-intense and dose-dense regimens, to the use of maintenance therapies, and most recently the addition of novel agents. To date, none have changed the basic formula. Although there are many reasons for the absence of success, the incredible molecular heterogeneity of DLBCL is likely to be a major complicating factor. It is clear that as the scientific field's understanding of the genetic heterogeneity of DLBCL deepens, a precision medicine approach should be accounted for and might be one of several paths that could lead to improved outcomes. The rapid identification of poor prognostic groups within the evolving diverse molecular landscape of DLBCL will create new opportunities to produce the next generation of studies with targeted agents against specific pathological drivers. It is conceivable that targeting these driver pathways will require more than one agent, and of course, splitting the pool of patients with DLBCL into smaller groups on the basis of molecular characteristics, will reduce the number of eligible patients for clinical trial investigation. The integration of immunological agents might afford new opportunities to develop treatments agnostic to the complex molecular diversity, while adding minimal toxicity to the regimen. With each of these iterations, the hope is to ultimately shift away from a one-size-fits-all chemotherapy mentality to one predicated on an individualised approach, whether that be through the use of a targeted small molecule or a biological drug. In this Viewpoint, we explore the history of the collective efforts to improve upon R-CHOP, and underscore those lessons that might help to reshape our future plans.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Lenalidomida/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Medicina de Precisão , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
6.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(12): 2015-2021, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945944

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics and outcomes of rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease (RMD) patients who were treated with rituximab and had suspected or confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. In this descriptive study, RMD patients who were treated with rituximab in the last 12 months at the Rheumatology Department of our hospital were screened for SARS-CoV-2 infection via telephone interview and a comprehensive review of clinical health records (01/02/2020-26/05/2020). Those with probable or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. In total, 76 patients were screened. Of these, 13 (17.1%) had suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. With regard to these 13 patients, the median age at coronavirus disease (COVID-19) diagnosis was 68 years (range 28-76 years) and 8 (61.5%) were female. Five patients had rheumatoid arthritis, three had systemic vasculitis, two had Sjögren syndrome, and two had systemic lupus erythematosus. Additionally, seven patients (53.8%) had pulmonary involvement secondary to RMD. Eight patients (61.5%) developed severe disease leading to hospitalization, and seven developed bilateral pneumonia and respiratory insufficiency. Of the eight hospitalized patients, five (62.5%) fulfilled the acute respiratory distress syndrome criteria and three developed a critical disease and died. Our cohort had a high rate of severe disease requiring hospitalization (61.5%), with bilateral pneumonia and hyperinflammation leading to a high mortality rate (23.1%). Treatment with rituximab should be considered a possible risk factor for unfavorable outcomes in COVID-19 patients with RMD. However, further study is required to confirm this association.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Fatores Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Betacoronavirus , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Leuk Res ; 98: 106443, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980580

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT)is considered the treatment of choice in patients with Extra-nodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) at early stage, but the presence of late toxicities has been limited the acceptance. Recently, low doses of RT LDR) (2 x 2 Gy) and the use of limited fields has been observed that retain the efficacy but eliminate toxicities; rituximab is considered as a single agent useful in these setting of patients. Thus, we conducted a open label study to evaluate the use of LDR compared with LDR and rituximab, in a large number of patients without previous treatment. METHODS: Patients with pathological diagnosis or(EMZL)), stage I, without previous treatment, were allocated in a proportion 1:1 to received LDR) that were compared with a group that received LDR and rituximab. RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen patients were recruit ; overall response rate and complete response were : 58(98.3%) and 54 (96.4 %)in patients whose respectively in LDR that were no statistical different to the observed in the LDR + R arm: 53 (96.3%) and 51 (92.75 %) respectively. Actuarial curves at 5-years show that progression-free survival in LDR arm were: 98.4% (95% Confidence interval (CI): 93%-108%) and OS were 97.2% (95%CI: 92%-110%), that did no show statistical difference with the LDR-R arm: 96.4% (95%CI: 90%-110%), and 98.5%(95%CI:92%-107%) respectively. Univariate analysis did not show any statistical differences in the analysis of prognostic factors. Acute and late toxicities were not observed. CONCLUSION: We conclude that LDR will be considered as the treatment of choice in patients with EMZL, in early stage, localized in head and neck anatomical sites; because response and outcome were excellent, without any toxicity, addition of rituximab did not improve results and outcome.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Ann Hematol ; 99(12): 2831-2836, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989495

RESUMO

The standard of treatment for completely resected limited-stage diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in patients without residual lesions has not yet been established. Previously, we designed a phase II trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of three cycles of abbreviated R-CHOP in patients with completely resected limited-stage DLBCL and reported favorable survival outcomes. We present the long-term follow-up results to taking into account the importance of delayed relapse in patients with limited-stage DLBCL. With a median follow-up duration of 62.7 months (range, 60.2-75.5 months), the 5-year OS and DFS rates were both 95.0% (95% confidence interval, 85.59-104.11%). Only one patient experienced disease progression which was confirmed at 12.3 months, and one patient with primary intestinal DLBCL developed non-small cell lung cancer 6 years after treatment. The long-term results of our data support the use of three cycles of abbreviated R-CHOP for patients with completely resected limited-stage DLBCL. The study was reviewed and approved by the review boards of the participating institutes and registered at ClinicalTrials.gov , number NCT01279902, in August 3, 2010.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
10.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 339, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complement C4A or C4B deficiency has never been reported in autoantibody-associated encephalitides patient. Here we present a case of anti-N-methyl- D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis associated with homozygous C4B deficiency, who did not respond to intravenous immunoglobulin and pulse methylprednisolone but plasmapheresis and rituximab. CASE PRESENTATION: A fourteen-year-old boy presented to our unit with subacute onset of behavioral changes and confusion, and was later confirmed to be anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. He was initially managed with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and pulse methylprednisolone but did not achieve any clinical improvement. Seven sessions of plasmapheresis was commenced with remarkable improvement after the second session, and was followed by four doses of rituximab. His neurological and cognitive functioning gradually returned to baseline. Immunological investigations demonstrated persistently low C4 levels below 8 mg/dL. A more in-depth complement analysis of the patient and his family showed that he has homozygous C4B deficiency. Genetic analysis revealed that the index patient has homozygous deficiency in complement C4B and he carries one non-functioning mutant C4B gene inherited from his mother. CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of serum C4 correlate with reduced functions of the classical and lectin pathways, leading to the impairment of immune-complexes removal. Plasmapheresis ameliorates complement deficiency and removes the offending immune-complexes leading to clinical improvement that was not achieved by IVIG and steroids. We postulate that serum C4 levels may serve as a biomarker for the need of plasmapheresis upfront rather than only after non-response to steroid and IVIG in treating anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis.


Assuntos
Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/terapia , Complemento C4b/genética , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Plasmaferese/métodos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem
11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD008333, 2020 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) are a group of rare auto-inflammatory diseases that affects mainly small vessels. AAV includes: granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Anti-cytokine targeted therapy uses biological agents capable of specifically targeting and neutralising cytokine mediators of the inflammatory response. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of anti-cytokine targeted therapy for adults with AAV. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2019, Issue 7), MEDLINE and Embase up to 16 August 2019. We also examined reference lists of articles, clinical trial registries, websites of regulatory agencies and contacted manufacturers. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or controlled clinical trials of targeted anti-cytokine therapy in adults (18 years or older) with AAV compared with placebo, standard therapy or another modality and anti-cytokine therapy of different type or dose. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. MAIN RESULTS: We included four RCTs with a total of 440 participants (mean age 48 to 56 years). We analysed the studies in three groups: 1) mepolizumab (300 mg; three separate injections every four weeks for 52 weeks) versus placebo in participants with relapsing or refractory EGPA; 2) belimumab (10 mg/kg on days 0, 14, 28 and every 28 days thereafter until 12 months after the last participant was randomised) or etanercept (25 mg twice a week) with standard therapy (median 25 months) versus placebo with standard therapy (median 19 months) in participants with GPA/MPA; and 3) infliximab (3 mg/kg on days 1 and 14, before the response assessment on day 42) versus rituximab (0.375g/m2 on days 1, 8, 15 and 22) in participants with refractory GPA for up to 12 months. None of the studies were assessed as low risk of bias in all domains: one study did not report randomisation or blinding methods clearly. Three studies were at high risk and one study was at unclear risk of bias for selective outcome reporting. One trial with 136 participants with relapsing or refractory EGPA compared mepolizumab with placebo during 52 weeks of follow-up and observed one death in the mepolizumab group (1/68, 1.5%) and none in the placebo group (0/68, 0%) (Peto odds ratio (OR) 7.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.15 to 372.38; low-certainty evidence). Low-certainty evidence suggests that more participants in the mepolizumab group had ≥ 24 weeks of accrued remission over 52 weeks compared to placebo (27.9% versus 2.9%; risk ratio (RR) 9.5, 95% CI 2.30 to 39.21), and durable remission within the first 24 weeks sustained until week 52 (19.1% mepolizumab versus 1.5% placebo; RR 13.0, 95% CI 1.75 to 96.63; number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome (NNTB) 6, 95% Cl 4 to 13). Mepolizumab probably decreases risk of relapse (55.8% versus 82.4%; RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.53 to 0.86; NNTB 4, 95% CI 3 to 9; moderate-certainty evidence). There was low-certainty evidence regarding similar frequency of adverse events (AEs): total AEs (96.9% versus 94.1%; RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.11), serious AEs (17.7% versus 26.5%; RR 0.67, 95% CI 0.35 to 1.28) and withdrawals due to AEs (2.9% versus 1.5%; RR 2.00, 95% CI 0.19 to 21.54). Disease flares were not measured. Based on two trials with different follow-up periods (mean of 27 months for etanercept study; up to four years for belimumab study) including people with GPA (n = 263) and a small group of participants with MPA (n = 22) analysed together, we found low-certainty evidence suggesting that adding an active drug (etanercept or belimumab) to standard therapy does not increase or reduce mortality (3.4% versus 1.4%; Peto OR 2.45, 95% CI 0.55 to 10.97). Etanercept may have little or no effect on remission (92.3% versus 89.5%; RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.07), durable remission (70% versus 75.3%; RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.11; low-certainty evidence) and disease flares (56% versus 57.1%; RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.76 to 1.27; moderate-certainty evidence). Low-certainty evidence suggests that belimumab does not increase or reduce major relapse (1.9% versus 0%; RR 2.94, 95% CI 0.12 to 70.67) or any AE (92.5% versus 82.7%; RR 1.12, 95% CI 0.97 to 1.29). Low-certainty evidence suggests a similar frequency of serious or severe AEs (47.6% versus 47.6%; RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.27), but more frequent withdrawals due to AEs in the active drug group (11.2%) compared to the placebo group (4.2%), RR 2.66, 95% CI 1.07 to 6.59). One trial involving 17 participants with refractory GPA compared infliximab versus rituximab added to steroids and cytotoxic agents for 12 months. One participant died in each group (Peto OR 0.88, 95% CI, 0.05 to 15.51; 11% versus 12.5%). We have very low-certainty evidence for remission (22% versus 50%, RR 0.44, 95% Cl 0.11 to 1.81) and durable remission (11% versus 50%, RR 0.22, 95% CI 0.03 to 1.60), any severe AE (22.3% versus 12.5%; RR 1.78, 95% CI 0.2 to 16.1) and withdrawals due to AEs (0% versus 0%; RR 2.70, 95% CI 0.13 to 58.24). Disease flare/relapse and the frequency of any AE were not reported. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found four studies but concerns about risk of bias and small sample sizes preclude firm conclusions. We found moderate-certainty evidence that in patients with relapsing or refractory EGPA, mepolizumab compared to placebo probably decreases disease relapse and low-certainty evidence that mepolizumab may increase the probability of accruing at least 24 weeks of disease remission. There were similar frequencies of total and serious AEs in both groups, but the study was too small to reliably assess these outcomes. Mepolizumab may result in little to no difference in mortality. However, there were very few events. In participants with GPA (and a small subgroup of participants with MPA), etanercept or belimumab may increase the probability of withdrawal due to AEs and may have little to no impact on serious AEs. Etanercept may have little or no impact on durable remission and probably does not reduce disease flare.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/mortalidade , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/tratamento farmacológico , Etanercepte/administração & dosagem , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infliximab/administração & dosagem , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Poliangiite Microscópica/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Números Necessários para Tratar , Placebos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Prevenção Secundária , Esteroides/administração & dosagem
12.
Int J Hematol ; 112(6): 807-816, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880824

RESUMO

CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone) -/+ rituximab (R) is the standard chemotherapeutic regimen for aggressive lymphoma, but is insufficient for aggressive lymphoma with adverse prognostic factors. Dose-adjusted (DA)-EPOCH (etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisolone) -/+ R demonstrates excellent efficacy against some aggressive lymphoma. Thus, we conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of this therapy in clinical practice. We enrolled 149 patients from 17 institutions diagnosed between 2007 and 2015. The median follow-up period for survivors was 27 months (range 0.2-123). The complete response (CR) rate of newly diagnosed patients was 79% (95% CI 68-87%). All patients were hospitalized to receive this therapy and 94% of patients also received granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor support. There were no treatment-related deaths. Febrile neutropenia (FN) and grade 3 or 4 infection occurred in 55% and 28% of patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in FN or infection between young (≤ 65 years) and elderly patients (> 65 years). In newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma-not otherwise specified patients (n = 46), the CR rate was 80% (95% CI 64-91%) and the 2-year OS rate was 81% (95% CI 66-90%). In the present study, DA-EPOCH -/+ R exhibited excellent efficacy and feasibility for aggressive lymphoma.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/etiologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Neutropenia Febril/epidemiologia , Neutropenia Febril/etiologia , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(6): 235-241, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195867

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of high-dose rituximab (HD-R) in combination with autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT) in patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: There were 22 patients in the HD-R group, to whom rituximab was administered during stem cell mobilization (375mg/m2 1 day before and 7 days after chemotherapy) and after transplantation (1000mg/m2 on days +1 and +8). In the control group, the procedure was the same as that in the HD-R group but without rituximab. We observed the safety, tolerability, adverse effects and immune reconstitution of HD-R therapy. The log-rank test, univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the effect of HD-R on survival. RESULTS: In total, 22 relapsed or refractory DLBCL patients were treated with HD-R. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed except for CD19+ B cell reconstruction in the first 6 months after SCT. There were 20 relapsed or refractory DLBCL patients in the control group. The 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) greatly improved in the HD-R group compared to that in the control group (63.8% vs. 35.0%, P=0.028 and 80.1% vs. 50.0%, P=0.035, respectively). The univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that HD-R and the time to relapse were independent prognostic factors for OS and PFS. CONCLUSION: HD-R in combination with auto-SCT is a feasible and promising treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL


OBJETIVOS: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la eficacia y la toxicidad de la combinación de altas dosis de rituximab (HD-R) y el trasplante de células madre autólogas (auto-SCT) en pacientes con linfoma B difuso de células grandes (LBDCG) en recaída o refractario. MÉTODOS: El grupo HD-R incluyó 22 pacientes a quienes se les administró rituximab durante la movilización de células madre (375mg/m2 un día antes y 7 días después de la quimioterapia) y tras el trasplante (1000mg/m2 los días +1 y +8). En el grupo control, el procedimiento fue el mismo que en el grupo HD-R, aunque sin rituximab. Observamos la seguridad, la tolerabilidad, los efectos adversos y la reconstitución inmune de la terapia HD-R. Utilizamos la prueba log-rank, el análisis univariante y el análisis de regresión de Cox multivariante para evaluar el efecto de HD-R en la supervivencia. RESULTADOS: En total, 22 pacientes de LBDCG en recaída o refractario fueron tratados con HD-R. No se observaron toxicidades limitantes de dosis excepto para la reconstrucción de células CD19+ B en los primeros 6 meses tras SCT. El grupo control incluyó 20 pacientes de LBDCG en recaída o refractario. La supervivencia libre de progresión (SLP) a 3 años y la supervivencia general (SG) mejoró significativamente en el grupo HD-R en comparación con el grupo control (63,8 vs. 35%; p = 0,028 y el 80,1 vs. 50%; p = 0,035, respectivamente). Los análisis univariante y multivariante demostraron que HD-R y tiempo de recaída eran factores pronósticos independientes para SG y SLP. CONCLUSIÓN: La combinación de HD-R y auto-SCT es un tratamiento factible y prometedor para pacientes con LBDCG en recaída o refractario


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Transplante Autólogo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/toxicidade , Análise de Regressão , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2577-2586, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945942

RESUMO

Although treatment outcomes for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have improved with the introduction of rituximab, approximately half of patients experience relapsed/refractory (r/r) disease. Furthermore, no standard salvage therapy has yet been established to date, while limitations in treatment options exist due to toxicity and restricted tolerability among elderly patients and/or those with comorbidities. The ICE (ifosfamide, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide) regimen is often used as salvage therapy for r/r DLBCL. Several modified ICE regimens not requiring continuous ifosfamide infusion are available, which can be used in outpatient clinics. This study analyzed the efficacy and toxicity of fractionated ICE with rituximab (f-R-ICE) as a salvage regimen among 47 patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL (median age upon f-R-ICE initiation, 71 years). The whole cohort had an overall (ORR) and complete response rate of 53.1% (n = 25) and 25.5% (n = 12), respectively, and an estimated 1-year overall survival after f-R-ICE initiation of 57%. Comorbidities were evaluated using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) upon f-R-ICE initiation. Patients with low CCI scores (68%) had a higher ORR than those with high CCI scores (36.4%) upon f-R-ICE initiation (P = 0.042). In contrast, no significant differences in overall survival (OS) were observed between the low and high CCI groups (1-year OS 56.6% vs. 52.2%; median OS 24 vs. 22.8 months) after initiating f-R-ICE. Our results suggest that f-R-ICE is a safe and effective salvage therapy for r/r DLBCL and can be used for older patients and/or those with high CCI scores in outpatient clinics.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Ifosfamida/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 742, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the incidence of interstitial pneumonia (IP) among patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that are undergoing combination chemotherapy plus rituximab; however, the effective prophylactic treatment for IP remains unclear. This study aims to explore the prophylactic effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) on IP and identify IP-associated risk factors in NHL patients. METHODS: Between March 2013 and April 2018, 498 patients (264 males, 53%) with B-cell NHL undergoing first-line RCHOP-like chemotherapy treatment with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: These patients had a median age of 56 years, and 311 of the 498 patients (62.4%) were administered once daily with the prophylactic treatment of TMP-SMX. IP occurred in 65 patients (13.1%), indicating a significant reduction in the IP incidence rate (21.4% vs. 8.0%; p < 0.001). Among patients treated with TMP-SMX, 2 (1.2%) exhibited rashes, 38 (12.2%) suffered from nausea and vomiting, 52 (16.7%) showed signs of neutropenia, and 18 (5.8%) suffered from kidney dysfunction. Both univariate and multivariate analysis showed that gender (male), history of diabetes, and absence of prophylactic TMP-SMX treatment were significant risk factors associated with IP. Disease progression was observed in 55/311 (17.7%) patients that underwent prophylactic TMP-SMX treatment and in 63/187 (33.7%) patients that did not (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that the occurrence of IP was common in B-cell NHL patients undergoing combined chemotherapy plus rituximab treatment. IP could be reduced with prophylactic treatment of once-daily oral TMP-SMX.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/prevenção & controle , Linfoma de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/análogos & derivados , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Linfoma de Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cancer Sci ; 111(10): 3770-3779, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767806

RESUMO

The efficiency of upfront consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy/autologous stem-cell transplantation (HDCT/ASCT) for newly diagnosed high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) may be influenced by induction chemotherapy. To select better induction chemotherapy regimens for HDCT/ASCT, a randomized phase II study was conducted in high-risk DLBCL patients having an age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aaIPI) score of 2 or 3. As induction chemotherapy, 6 cycles of R-CHOP-14 (arm A) or 3 cycles of R-CHOP-14 followed by 3 cycles of CHASER (arm B) were planned, and patients who responded proceeded to HDCT with LEED and ASCT. The primary endpoint was 2-y progression-free survival (PFS), and the main secondary endpoints included overall survival, overall response rate, and adverse events (AEs). In total, 71 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 40.3 mo, 2-y PFS in arms A and B were 68.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50.5%-81.2%) and 66.7% (95% CI: 48.8%-79.5%), respectively. Overall survival at 2 y in arms A and B was 74.3% (95% CI: 56.4%-85.7%) and 83.3% (95% CI: 66.6%-92.1%). Overall response rates were 82.9% in arm A and 69.4% in arm B. During induction chemotherapy, 45.7% and 75.0% of patients in arms A and B, respectively, had grade ≥ 3 non-hematologic toxicities. One patient in arm A and 6 in arm B discontinued induction chemotherapy due to AEs. In conclusion, R-CHOP-14 showed higher 2-y PFS and less toxicity compared with R-CHOP-14/CHASER in patients with high-risk DLBCL, suggesting the former to be a more promising induction regimen for further investigations (UMIN-CTR, UMIN000003823).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann Hematol ; 99(12): 2821-2829, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734548

RESUMO

Based on centroblast frequency, follicular lymphoma (FL) is subdivided into grades 1-2, 3A, and 3B. Grade FL3A frequently coexists with FL1-2 (FL1-2-3A). Based on clinical trials, FL1-2 is treated with rituximab (R) or obinutuzumab plus bendamustine (B) or CHOP, while FL3B is treated with R-CHOP. In contrast, there are little data guiding therapy in FL3A. We present a retrospective, multicenter analysis of 95 FL3A or FL1-2-3A and 203 FL1-2 patients treated with R-CHOP or R-B first-line. R-CHOP facilitated a higher response rate (95% versus 76%) and longer overall survival (OS) (3-year OS 89% versus 73%, P = 0.008) in FL3A or FL1-2-3A, whereas the difference in progression-free survival (PFS) did not reach statistical significance. While transformation rates into aggressive lymphoma were similar between both groups, there were more additional malignancies after R-B compared with R-CHOP (6 versus 2 cases). In FL1-2, R-B achieved a higher 3-year PFS (79% versus 47%, P < 0.01), while there was no significant difference regarding OS or transformation. With the limitations of a retrospective analysis, these results suggest a benefit for R-CHOP over R-B in FL3A or FL1-2-3A. Confirmatory data from prospective clinical trials are needed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
19.
Leuk Res ; 97: 106426, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781214

RESUMO

The central nervous system (CNS) relapse in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is fatal as there are no effective rescue treatments. To test if the presence of the MYD88 L265P mutation is a prognostic factor for secondary CNS relapse, we carried out the digital PCR analysis of 134 samples from patients with DLBCL at diagnosis. The MYD88 L265P mutations were detected in 22 (16.4%) patients, particularly in those with a non-GC subtype, CD5-positive, high absolute monocyte count, extra-nodal lymphoma, and B symptoms. Nine patients showed low signal in digital PCR but were deemed positive for the MYD88 L265P mutation by the nested allele-specific PCR. The remaining 103 patients were negative according to the results of both the PCR analyses. With a median follow-up period of 64 months, the carriers of MYD88 L265P mutation exhibited inferior CNS relapse-free survival at 5 years (53.2% versus 96% and 100%, respectively, P < 0.001) with a significant effect of the mutation demonstrated by the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 5.1; 95% CI 1.2-22.9, P = 0.02). This suggests that the MYD88 L265P mutation plays a critical role in the progression of DLBCL to CNS.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
20.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2441-2443, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808104
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA