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1.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 131, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008453

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 has infected millions of people worldwide, but little is known at this time about second infections or reactivation. Here, we report a case of a 55-year-old female undergoing treatment for CD20+ B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who experienced a viral reactivation after receiving rituximab, cytarabine, and dasatinib. She was initially hospitalized with COVID-19 in April and developed a high antibody titer with two negative nasal polymerase chain reaction (PCR) swabs for SARS-CoV-2 on discharge. After recovery, she resumed treatment in June for her leukemia, which included rituximab, cytarabine, and dasatinib. She promptly lost her COVID-19 antibodies, and her nasal PCR turned positive in June. She developed a severe COVID-19 pneumonia with lymphopenia, high inflammatory markers, and characteristic bilateral ground-glass opacities on chest CT, requiring high-flow nasal cannula and transfer to the intensive care unit. She received steroids, anticoagulation, and convalescent plasma, and within 48 h she was off oxygen. She was discharged home in stable condition several days later. Given the short time frame from leukemia treatment to PCR positivity and the low case rate in mid-June in New York City, reinfection appears to have been unlikely and SARS-CoV-2 reactivation is a possible explanation. This case illustrates the risks of treating recently recovered COVID-19 patients with immunosuppressive therapy, particularly lymphocyte- and antibody-depleting therapy, and raises new questions about the potential of SARS-CoV-2 reactivation.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Recidiva , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21938, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871937

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Aggressive variant of splenic marginal zone lymphoma (AV-SMZL) is a very rare disease that is often associated with TP53 mutations and has a poor prognosis. On the other hand, recent advances in genome sequencing techniques enable us to understand the molecular characteristics of rare cancers such as AV-SMZL. Here we present a case of AV-SMZL analyzed using a genetic test. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 66-year-old woman was admitted with splenomegaly and lymphocytosis. Computed tomography revealed marked splenomegaly without lymphadenopathy in any other areas. The serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) level was significantly elevated. Peripheral and bone marrow blood tests showed an increase in abnormal lymphocytes. DIAGNOSIS: A splenectomy revealed an SMZL pattern with increased numbers of large cells and mitotic cells and a high Ki-67 positivity rate, which led to a diagnosis of AV-SMZL. Although TP53 mutation was not detected, mutations in NOTCH2, NCOA4, PTEN, EPHA3, and KMT2D were identified. Among these, the mutations in NCOA4, PTEN, and EPHA3 were novel pathogenic mutations in SMZL, which suggests they may be related to the aggressiveness and persistence of the disease. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was administered a rituximab-containing regimen and rituximab-maintenance therapy. OUTCOMES: The patient continues to exhibit a complete response. LESSONS: This is a case of AV-SMZL in which a cancer panel test successfully detected genetic alterations that are potentially associated with its pathogenesis. These findings suggest that genetic analysis is useful for making diagnoses as well as for determining treatment strategies in AV-SMZL.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esplênicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esplênicas/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/genética , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/cirurgia , Mutação , Indução de Remissão , Esplenectomia , Neoplasias Esplênicas/genética , Neoplasias Esplênicas/cirurgia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21440, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871991

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma (fNHL) is a neoplasm characterized by an indolent course and chemosensitivity, but also by disease recurrence. Bendamustine is often used as frontline treatment or second line. HEADING DIAGNOSIS:: fNHL. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old Caucasian male with diagnosis of fNHL lymphoma underwent to cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone associated with rituximab chemoimmunotherapy, during which interim reevaluation showed progressive disease and severe toxicity. INTERVENTIONS: Early switch to rituximab-bendamustine. OUTCOMES: This regimen was well tolerated, patient compliance was optimal, there were no delays in administration and no infectious episodes. An interim reevaluation after 3 courses revealed that the patient was fit, the blood cell count was normal, and lymphadenopathies and nocturnal sweating had completely regressed. Of note, the PET/CT scan did not show fluorodeoxyglucose pathological uptake, clearly confirming disease regression. LESSONS: Early switching to a bendamustine-rituximab-based scheme, even during conventional chemotherapy, decreases toxicity and reduces the risk of treatment interruption or delay, with favorable effects on overall response and prognosis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Vincristina
4.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2086, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983161

RESUMO

Immunosuppressive therapies increase the susceptibility of patients to infections. The current pandemic with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) compels clinicians to develop recommendations for successful clinical management and surveillance of immunocompromised patients at high risk for severe disease progression. With only few case studies published on SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases, we report a 25-year-old male who developed moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with fever, mild dyspnea, and no major complications despite having received high-dose prednisolone, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab for the treatment of highly active, life-threatening eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA).


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/complicações , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , RNA Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Science ; 369(6505): 793-799, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792392

RESUMO

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting human antigen CD20 (cluster of differentiation 20) constitute important immunotherapies for the treatment of B cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Type I and II therapeutic mAbs differ in B cell binding properties and cytotoxic effects, reflecting differential interaction mechanisms with CD20. Here we present 3.7- to 4.7-angstrom cryo-electron microscopy structures of full-length CD20 in complexes with prototypical type I rituximab and ofatumumab and type II obinutuzumab. The structures and binding thermodynamics demonstrate that upon binding to CD20, type II mAbs form terminal complexes that preclude recruitment of additional mAbs and complement components, whereas type I complexes act as molecular seeds to increase mAb local concentration for efficient complement activation. Among type I mAbs, ofatumumab complexes display optimal geometry for complement recruitment. The uncovered mechanisms should aid rational design of next-generation immunotherapies targeting CD20.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/química , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/química , Antígenos CD20/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Imunoterapia , Linfoma de Células B/terapia , Rituximab/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/imunologia , Antígenos CD20/imunologia , Antineoplásicos/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Ativação do Complemento , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Humanos , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/química , Fragmentos Fab das Imunoglobulinas/imunologia , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Rituximab/imunologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico
7.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(8): 712-719, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734735

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There has been no extensive study to compare the efficacy between rituximab originator (Mabthera®) and its biosimilar (Truxima®) for microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Here, we investigated the clinical effects of rituximab on poor outcomes of MPA and GPA in Korean patients, and compared those between Mabthera® and Truxima®. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of a total of 139 patients, including 97 MPA patients and 42 GPA patients. At diagnosis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positivity and comorbidities were assessed. During follow-up, all-cause mortality, relapse, end-stage renal disease, cerebrovascular accident and acute coronary syndrome were evaluated as poor outcomes. In this study, rituximab was used as either Mabthera® or Truxima®. RESULTS: The median age at diagnosis was 60.1 years and 46 patients were men (97 MPA and 42 GPA patients). Among poor outcomes, patients receiving rituximab exhibited a significantly lower cumulative relapse-free survival rate compared to those not receiving rituximab (p=0.002). Nevertheless, rituximab use did not make any difference in other poor outcomes of MPA and GPA except for relapse, which might be a rebuttal to the fact that rituximab use after relapse eventually led to better prognosis. There were no significant differences in variables at diagnosis and during follow-up between patients receiving Mabthera® and those receiving Truxima®. Patients receiving Truxima® exhibited a similar pattern of the cumulative survival rates of each poor outcome to those receiving Mabthera®. CONCLUSION: Truxima® prevents poor outcomes of MPA and GPA as effectively as does Mabthera®.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Poliangiite Microscópica/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Poliangiite Microscópica/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1210-1214, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the factors influencing the clinical efficacy. METHODS: According to therapeutic regimen, 66 patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were divided into two groups: CHOP group (32 cases) and R-CHOP group (CHOP+ rituximab, 34 cases). The clinical efficacy and the incidence of complication were compared between two groups. The clinical risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were confirmed by multivariate Logistic analysis. RESULTS: Compared with CHOP group, the complete remission rate, partial remission rate and the overall effective rate in R-CHOP group all were high (P<0.05), moreover the disease progression rate in R-CHOP group were low (P<0.05). The occurrences rate of myelotoxicity, hepatic injury and gastrointestinal reaction were not statistically significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the Ann Arbor staging, IPI risk score and Ki-67 positive rate were independent risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL (OR=2.689, P=0.038; OR=3.232, P=0.025; OR=2.919, P=0.023). CONCLUSION: The clinical efficacy and safety of the therapy with rituximab on the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL are better. The poor Ann Arbor stage, high IPI risk score and the Ki-67 positive rate are factors affecting the clinical efficacy for the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
10.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810157

RESUMO

Limited data are available regarding treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), treatment costs and clinical outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in Japan. This retrospective database study analyzed the Medical Data Vision database for DLBCL patients who received treatment during the identification period from October 1 2008 to December 31 2017. Among 6,965 eligible DLBCL patients, 5,541 patients (79.6%) received first-line (1L) rituximab (R)-based therapy, and then were gradually switched to chemotherapy without R in subsequent lines of therapy. In each treatment regimen, 1L treatment cost was the highest among all lines of therapy. The major cost drivers i.e. total direct medical costs until death or censoring across all regimens and lines of therapy were from the 1L regimen and inpatient costs. During the follow-up period, DLBCL patients who received a 1L R-CHOP regimen achieved the highest survival rate and longest time-to-next-treatment, with a relatively low mean treatment cost due to lower inpatient healthcare resource utilization and fewer lines of therapy compared to other 1L regimens. Our retrospective analysis of clinical practices in Japanese DLBCL patients demonstrated that 1L treatment and inpatient costs were major cost contributors and that the use of 1L R-CHOP was associated with better clinical outcomes at a relatively low mean treatment cost.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Padrões de Prática Médica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/economia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Ciclofosfamida/economia , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Doxorrubicina/economia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Formulário de Reclamação de Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Japão/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/economia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/economia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prednisona/economia , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/economia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Vincristina/economia , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD010810, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemophilia A and B are inherited coagulation disorders characterized by a reduced or absent level of factor VIII or factor IX respectively. The severe form is characterized by a factor level less than 0.01 international units (IU) per milliliter. The development of inhibitors in hemophilia is the main complication of treatment, because the presence of these antibodies, reduces or even nullifies the efficacy of replacement therapy, making it very difficult to control the bleeding. People with inhibitors continue to have significantly higher risks of morbidity and mortality, with considerable treatment costs. Given the wide 'off-label' use of rituximab for treating people with hemophilia and inhibitors, its efficacy and safety need to be evaluated. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of rituximab for treating inhibitors in people with inherited severe hemophilia A or B. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register, complied from electronic database searches and handsearching of journals and conference abstract books. We searched the reference lists of relevant articles and reviews and also searched for ongoing or unpublished studies. We also undertook further searches of other bibliographic databases and trial registries. Date of last search of the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register: 19 March 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials investigating the efficacy and safety of rituximab for treating inhibitors in people with hemophilia. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: No randomized controlled trials matching the selection criteria were eligible for inclusion. MAIN RESULTS: No randomized controlled trials on rituximab for treating inhibitors in people with hemophilia were identified. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We were unable to identify any relevant trials on the efficacy and safety of rituximab for treating inhibitors in people with hemophilia. The research evidence available is from case reports and case series. Randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rituximab for this condition. However, prior to the publication of any possible future randomized controlled trials, meta-analysis of case reports and case series may provide some evidence.


Assuntos
Fator IX/imunologia , Fator VIII/imunologia , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Hemofilia B/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos , Fator IX/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator VIII/antagonistas & inibidores , Hemofilia A/sangue , Hemofilia B/sangue , Humanos
12.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(6)2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815695

RESUMO

Pemphigus is an autoimmune bullous disease with a number of described associations, including medications, which have been grouped into three structural categories - thiol drugs, phenol drugs, and drugs with neither functional group [1]. Discontinuation of the offending medication is considered a mainstay of therapy. We report a patient in whom the onset of pemphigus foliaceus was associated with initiation of imatinib mesylate adjuvant therapy in a patient with resected gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Imatinib was continued because of the survival benefit to the patient with a resected, high risk GIST. Treatment with rituximab resulted in near resolution of his blistering rash and follow up enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) demonstrated reference range immunoreactivity for both desmoglein 1 and desmoglein 3. After dose increase of imatinib therapy owing to tumor growth, the patient subsequently again developed a similar eruption. Re-biopsy and ELISA were consistent with recurrence of pemphigus. In conclusion, although the patient's pemphigus was cleared with a single cycle of rituximab infusions while continuing imatinib therapy, the disease returned after imatinib dose was increased a year later, suggesting a dose-response relationship.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Pênfigo/induzido quimicamente , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Pele/patologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Biópsia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/complicações , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , Pênfigo/patologia
13.
Mult Scler ; 26(10): 1261-1264, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762494

RESUMO

Approximately 200,000 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients worldwide receive B-cell-depleting immunotherapy with rituximab (anti-CD20), which eliminates the ability to generate an antibody response to new infections. As severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific antibodies might help viral clearance, these patients could be at risk of severe complications if infected. Here, we report on an MS patient who had received rituximab for ~3 years. The patient was examined 5 days before the onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms and was admitted to the hospital 2 days after. She recovered 14 days after symptom onset despite having a 0% B lymphocyte count and not developing SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Imunidade Celular/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Relação CD4-CD8 , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla Crônica Progressiva/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia
14.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2357-2366, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808106

RESUMO

Rituximab monotherapy is widely used for follicular lymphoma. However, there are no established predictors for response or response duration. We analyzed the long-term prognostic relevance of pre-treatment absolute blood counts of lymphocytes with subsets and monocytes in 265 follicular lymphoma patients, uniformly treated with rituximab without chemotherapy, in two Nordic Lymphoma Group trials. There were 265 previously untreated, stage II-IV follicular lymphoma patients with a median follow-up of over 10 years. Absolute B cell counts ≥ median (0.09 × 109/L) were an independent predictor for shorter time to next treatment or death (multivariable analysis P = 0.010). In univariate analysis, absolute monocyte counts ≥ median (0.5 × 109/L) did not correlate with time to next treatment or death, but with inferior overall survival (P = 0.034). Absolute T cell or T cell subset counts were not predictive for outcome. High absolute B cell counts, possibly reflecting circulating lymphoma cells, have an unfavorable impact on time to next treatment or death in patients treated with rituximab without chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Interferon alfa-2/administração & dosagem , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Subpopulações de Linfócitos , Linfoma Folicular/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ann Afr Med ; 19(3): 207-210, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820735

RESUMO

Lupus panniculitis is usually difficult to treat, and the patient is often put on multiple immunosuppressives with variable clinical response and relapses, notwithstanding the long-term side effects. We describe two cases of refractory lupus panniculitis which have been treated successfully with rituximab which is a chimeric anti-CD20 antibody. It reduces the number of circulating mature B-cells, thereby reducing the autoantibodies and the mediators of inflammation. Rituximab is a good alternative to patients who are not responsive to conventional treatment options for lupus panniculitis. There have been few side effects reported by the patients, but the clinical response and psychological well-being clearly outweigh them.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Paniculite de Lúpus Eritematoso/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paniculite de Lúpus Eritematoso/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Brasília; s.n; 7 ago. 2020.
Não convencional em Português | LILACS, BRISA/RedTESA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117973

RESUMO

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 12 artigos e 4 protocolos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Vacinas/uso terapêutico , Cloroquina/uso terapêutico , Interferons/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/uso terapêutico , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21473, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791765

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Lymphoid interstitial pneumonia is a rare benign pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorder usually presenting with a sub-acute or chronic condition and frequently associated with autoimmune disorders, dysgammaglobulinemia, or infections. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 74-year-old woman with no past medical history presented with acute dyspnea, nonproductive cough, hypoxemia (room air PaO2: 48 mmHg) and bilateral alveolar infiltrates with pleural effusion. Antibiotics and diuretics treatments did not induce any improvement. No underlying condition including cardiac insufficiency, autoimmune diseases, immunodeficiency, or infections was found after an extensive evaluation. Bronchoalveolar lavage revealed a lymphocytosis (60%) with negative microbiological findings. High-dose intravenous corticosteroids induced a mild clinical improvement only, which led to perform a surgical lung biopsy revealing a lymphoid interstitial pneumonia with no sign of lymphoma or malignancies. DIAGNOSES: Acute severe idiopathic lymphoid interstitial pneumonia. INTERVENTIONS: Ten days after the surgical lung biopsy, the patient experienced a dramatic worsening leading to invasive mechanical ventilation. Antibiotics and a new course of high-dose intravenous corticosteroids did not induce any improvement, leading to the use of rituximab which was associated with a dramatic clinical and radiological improvement allowing weaning from mechanical ventilation after 10 days. OUTCOMES: Despite the initial response to rituximab, the patient exhibited poor general state and subsequent progressive worsening of respiratory symptoms leading to consider symptomatic palliative treatments. The patient died 4 months after the diagnosis of lymphoid interstitial pneumonia. LESSONS: Idiopathic lymphoid interstitial pneumonia may present as an acute severe respiratory insufficiency with a potential transient response to rituximab.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Pulmão/patologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(7)2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708858

RESUMO

The evolving pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 has posed a substantial health risk worldwide. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the clinical course and the therapeutic management of patients with chronic kidney disease and COVID-19 infection. To date, most evidence has come from renal transplantation, with about 45 patients reported thus far, and the current data from the ERA-EDTA (ERACODA) registry for transplanted patients and patients on Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT); as for those with glomerular diseases, data are lacking. Herein, we report the case of a 62-year-old patient with severe membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis who had been receiving a high burden of immunosuppression until four months before the COVID-19 infection. He developed severe disease with acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. After treatment with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin, despite his low chances, he gradually recovered and survived. To the best of our knowledge, this is one of the few reported patients with glomerulonephritis who had COVID-19 Besides our single case with glomerulonephritis early during the disease outbreak, the very low prevalence of COVID-19 infection in the country's transplant recipients (0.038%) and dialysis patients (0.24%) reflects the impact of the rapid implementation of social distancing rules as well as of preventive measures for disease control in the hospitals and dialysis units in our country.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Crioglobulinemia/complicações , Glomerulonefrite Membranoproliferativa/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Ceftriaxona/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Creatinina/metabolismo , Crioglobulinemia/imunologia , Ciclofosfamida , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Glomerulonefrite Membranoproliferativa/tratamento farmacológico , Glomerulonefrite Membranoproliferativa/imunologia , Glomerulonefrite Membranoproliferativa/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Grécia , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Transplante de Rim , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Diálise Renal , Respiração Artificial , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 502-505, 2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654465

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of rituximab combined with short-course and intensive regimens in the treatment of adult patients with Burkitt leukemia. Methods: The clinical data of 11 Burkitt leukemia patients in our hospital from January 30, 2006, to September 12, 2018, were collected. The clinical details, complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS) , relapse-free survival (RFS) , and adverse events were evaluated. Results: The median age of 11 patients was 34 (15-54) years, of which six were males and five were females (M∶F, 1.2∶1) . The median white blood cell (WBC) count was 12.28 (2.21-48.46) ×10(9)/L, and the median blast percent of peripheral blood and bone marrow were 40% (3%-76%) and 84.0% (29.5%-94.5%) , respectively. Ten patients were administered with rituximab combined with a short-course and intensive regimens, and two patients underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation following consolidation chemotherapy. The CR rate after one cycle of induction therapy was 100%, the four-year OS was 90%, and RFS was 90%. Out of the ten treated patients, only one patient suffered from tumor lysis syndrome during the induction chemotherapy. Consequently, renal function recovered after hemodialysis and other treatments. The regimen is safe with no treatment-related deaths. Conclusions: Rituximab combined with short-course and intensive chemotherapy regimens is effective and well-tolerated in adult Burkitt leukemia.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Adulto Jovem
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