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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130730, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375892

RESUMO

Rhubarb has been used as herbal purgative with a worldwide long history. In traditional Chinese medicine, rhubarb can be stir-baked to scorch to eliminate the purgative function when it is a side effect. Under-scorched rhubarb still has the side effect of purgative, while over-scorched rhubarb can lose all bioactivities. Empirically, the degree of scorching is determined by manual observation of the rhubarb color. In order to find the reasonable and objective scorching endpoint criteria, visible spectrophotometry, FTIR spectroscopy and HPLC were used to reveal the color-reflected chemical changes. It was found that the blackening of rhubarb corresponded to the elimination of combined anthraquinones and the rise-fall inflection of free anthraquinones. The scorching endpoint criteria should include the upper limit for combined anthraquinones to avoid under-scorch and the lower limit for free anthraquinones to avoid over-scorch. Visible and FTIR spectroscopy can be process analytical techniques for the rhubarb scorching.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Rheum , Antraquinonas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Rizoma , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4683-4688, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581076

RESUMO

China has a long history of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing with multiple methods available. The pre-sent study collated and summarized the Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing methods recorded in 23 related herbal medicine books, all editions of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the 1988 edition of National Regulations for Processing of Chinese Medicine, and 20 current local processing specifications and standards. The results demonstrated various processing methods of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, such as removing residual part of stem, plantlet, or soil, smashing, filing, cutting, decocting, washing with wine, soaking in wine, and stir-frying with wine or blood from pig heart, while raw and wine-processed products are mainly used in modern times. Due to the lack of unified standards, the phenomena of multiple methods adopted in one place and different methods in different places have led to uneven quality of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma pieces, even affecting the safety and effectiveness of its clinical medication. This study is expected to provide a reference for the development of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma processing and its rational medication.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Animais , China , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma , Suínos
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4736-4743, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581083

RESUMO

This study aims to establish the high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, determine their pharmacodynamic indexes of promoting blood circulation, and explore the spectrum-effect relationship between the chemical components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and the efficacy of promoting blood circulation. Firstly, the HPLC fingerprints of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were established. Then, the pharmacodynamic indexes were determined after the capillary coagulation experiment and the cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats, including capillary coagulation time, percentage of cerebral ischemic area, cerebral water loss rate, and brain-body index. Afterward, the partial least-squares method was used to explore the spectrum-effect relationship between the chemical components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and the pharmacodynamic indexes. The results showed that this study successfully established the HPLC fingerprints of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, found 23 common peaks, and identified 12 of them, all of which were saponins. The method was proved stable and reliable. Both the capillary coagulation experiment and the middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)-induced cerebral ischemia-reperfusion experiment on rats revealed that there were obvious differences in the pharmacodynamic indexes of different batches of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The relationships between 23 common components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in different batches and the pharmacodynamic indexes were discussed by means of spectrum-effect correlation analysis, of which 17 components had positive effects while 6 components had negative effects on the pharmacodynamic indexes. This study provides a certain reference basis for the clinical rational use and quality control of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Saponinas , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Ratos , Rizoma
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4749-4756, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581085

RESUMO

The 95% ethanol extract of Baphicacanthis Cusiae Rhizoma et Radix was purified by multi-chromatographic methods including microporous resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and C_(18) reversed-phase column chromatography. Fourteen compounds were isolated and structurally identified, including five phenylethanoid glycosides, five phenylpropanoids, one lupinane triterpene, two alkaloids, and one flavonoid, listed as follows: 2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-3-oxo-1-propanol B(1), threo-2,3-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzene)-3-methoxypropanol(2), 2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-ethanol-1-O-[3,4-O-di-acetyl-(1→3)-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl]-ß-D-glucopyranoside(3), verbascoside(4), 2″,3″-di-O-acetyl martynoside(5),(+)-pinore-sinol(6), diospyrosin(7), daidzein(8), wiedemannioside B(9), buddlenol A(10), 2″-O-acetyl martyonside(11), lupeol(12), indirubin(13), and tryptanthrin(14). Compound 3 was a new phenylethanoid glycoside, and the other 10 compounds were isolated for the first time from Baphicacanthis Cusiae Rhizoma et Radix except compounds 12, 13, and 14.


Assuntos
Glicosídeos Cardíacos , Álcool Feniletílico , Flavonoides , Glicosídeos , Estrutura Molecular , Rizoma
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4808-4815, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581092

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the main mechanism of Astragali Radix-Coptis Rhizoma pair(hereinafter referred to as the pair) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2 DM) based on network pharmacology and animal experiment. The main Chinese medicine compound prescriptions for T2 DM were retrieved from CNKI database and the medicinals with high frequency among these prescriptions were screened. The active components in the above medicinals were searched from TCMSP, TCMID, and previous research, targets of the components from SwissTargetPrediction and SEA, and targets for the treatment of T2 DM from DISGENET, TTD, and DrugBank. Thereby, the medicinal-component-disease-target network was constructed with Cytoscape. The targets were input in String database to yield the related proteins and the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by Cytoscape. The biological functions of proteins in the PPI network were analyzed by Cluego. Then, high-fat high-sugar diet and 30 mg·kg~(-1) streptozotocin(STZ, intraperitoneal injection, once) were employed to induce T2 DM in rats and the T2 DM rats were classified into the control group, model group, positive drug(metformin) group, and pair group. After one month of administration, the changes of blood glucose and blood lipids [triglyceride(TG), cholesterol(CHO), low density lipoprotein(LDL), high density lipoprotein(HDL)] were detected with biochemical methods and pathological changes of islet and collagen deposition in pancreatic tissue by HE staining and Masson staining, respectively. The result showed that pair can be used for T2 DM treatment. ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1(RAC1), paraoxonase 1(PON1), beta-galactoside alpha 2,6-sialyltransferase 1(ST6 GAL1), insulin receptor(INSR), sex hormone-binding globulin(SHBG), ileal sodium/bile acid cotransporter(SLC10 A2), endothelin-1 receptor A(EDNRA), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor A(PPARA), endothelin receptor B(EDNRB), and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2 A(HTR2 A) were the targets of the pair for the treatment of T2 DM. The main biological functions of the pair were regulating the metabolism of blood glucose and li-pids and protecting the cardiovascular system. The fasting blood glucose, and serum TG, CHO, and LDL were higher(P<0.01) and the HDL was lower(P<0.05) in the model group than in the control group on the 7 th, 14 th, and 28 th days. The fas-ting blood glucose and the serum TG, CHO, and LDL decreased(P<0.05) and the serum HDL increased(P<0.05) in the metformin group and the pair group as compared with those in the model group on the 14 th and 28 th days. There were no significant differences in blood glucose, TG, CHO, LDL, and HDL between the metformin group and the pair group. Rats in the model group demonstrated damaged structures of islets and pancreas, obviously increased deposition of collagen in islets and pancreas, and blurred cell boundaries. Metformin and the pair significantly alleviated the damaged structures and collagen deposition. The pair can effectively regulate the disorders of blood glucose and lipid metabolism in T2 DM and protect the structure and functions of pancreas and islets by controlling cardiovascular system, which is worthy of clinical application and can be used for drug development.


Assuntos
Coptis , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Metformina , Animais , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Ratos , Rizoma
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4816-4823, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581093

RESUMO

The present study explored the mechanism of Fagopyri Dibotryis Rhizoma(FDR) and its main active components in the treatment of acute lung injury(ALI) based on the network pharmacology and the in vitro experiments. The main active components of FDR were obtained from the TCMSP database and screened by oral bioavailability and drug-likeness. The related target proteins of FDR were retrieved from the PubChem database, and the target genes related to ALI were screened out from the GeneCards database. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of compound target proteins and ALI target genes was constructed using STRING 11.0. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis(IPA) platform was used to analyze the common pathways of the potential compound target proteins of FDR and ALI target genes, thereby predicting the key targets and potential signaling pathways of FDR for the treatment of ALI. Finally, the potential pathways and key targets were verified by the in vitro experiments of lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW264.7 cells intervened by epicatechin(EC), the active component of FDR. The results of network pharmacology showed that 15 potential active components such as EC, procyanidin B1, and luteolin presumedly functioned in the treatment of ALI through nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathway, transforming growth factor-ß(TGF-ß) signaling pathway, and adenosine 5'-monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase(AMPK) signaling pathway through key targets, such as RELA(P65). The results of in vitro experiments showed that 25 µmol·L~(-1) EC had no toxicity to cells and could inhibit the expression of the p65-phosphorylated protein in the NF-κB signaling pathway to down-regulate the expression of downstream inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), IL-1ß and nitric oxide(NO), and up-regulate the expression of IL-10. These results suggested that the therapeutic efficacy of FDR on ALI was achieved by inhibiting the phosphorylation of p65 protein in the NF-κB signaling pathway and down-regulating the level of proinflammatory cytokines downstream of the signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Rizoma , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 69(9): 913-917, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470956

RESUMO

Two new trihydroxy derivative of Δ8(14),15-isopimarane diterpenoids, shanpanootols G (1) and H (2), along with three known analogues were isolated from the ethyl acetate-soluble extract of Kaempferia pulchra rhizomes collected in Shan State of Myanmar. The structures of these compounds including their absolute configurations were elucidated by the combination of one dimensional (1D) and 2D-NMR spectroscopic methods, high resolution mass spectrometric technique, and the experimental and the calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. The isopimarane diterpenoids (1-5) were tested for their Viral protein R (Vpr) inhibitory activities against TREx-HeLa-Vpr cells. Shanpanootol H (2) and (1R,2S,5S,9R,10S,13R)-1,2-dihydroxypimara-8(14),15-dien-7-one (4) exhibited anti-Vpr activities at the 5 µM treated dose.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Zingiberaceae/química , Produtos do Gene vpr do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/antagonistas & inibidores , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Conformação Molecular , Mianmar , Produtos do Gene vpr do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/metabolismo
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2900-2911, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467680

RESUMO

Paridis Rhizoma(PR) is prepared from the dried rhizome of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis(PPY) or P. polyphylla var. chinensis(PPC) in Liliaceae family. The rapid development of PPY or PPC planting industry resulted from resource shortage has caused the waste of a large number of non-medicinal resources. To clarify the chemical compositions in rhizomes, fibrous roots, stems, leaves, seeds and pericarps of PPC, and explore the comprehensive application value and development prospect of these parts, the qualitative and quantitative analyses on the different parts of PPC were carried out by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). A total of 136 compounds were identified, including 112 steroidal saponins, 6 flavonoids, 11 nitrogen-containing compounds and 7 phytosterols. Rhizomes, fibrous roots, and seeds mainly contained protopennogenyl glycosides and pennogenyl glycosides; leaves and stems mainly contained protodiosgenyl glycosides and diosgenyl glycosides; pericarps mainly contained pennogenyl glycosides, followed by diosgenyl glycosides. The total level of four saponins was the highest in fibrous roots and rhizomes, followed by those in the pericarps and arillate seeds, and the lowest in the stems and exarillate seeds. This study can provide data support for the comprehensive development and rational application of non-medicinal parts of PPC.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Saponinas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Rizoma , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3007-3015, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467690

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia is one of the most common diseases in China, and the drug pair of Chuanxiong Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra can intervene in cerebral ischemia to reduce the inflammatory response of cerebral ischemia and apoptosis. To reveal the intervention mechanism of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra drug pair on cerebral ischemia systematically, computer network pharmacology technology was used in this paper to predict the target and signaling pathway of the drug pair on the intervention of cerebral ischemia, and then the molecular docking technology was used to further analyze the mechanism of the intervention. The target results were then verified by the rat cerebral ischemia model. The target network results showed that the active compounds of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra for cerebral ischemic disease contained 30 compounds, 38 targets and 9 pathways. The main compounds included phenolic acids in Chuanxiong Rhizoma and monoterpene glycosides in Paeoniae Radix Rubra. The key targets involved mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1), steroid receptor coactivator(SRC), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14(MAPK14), caspase-3(CASP3), caspase-7(CASP7), estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), and mitogen-activated protein kinase 8(MAPK8), etc. The target gene functions were biased towards protein kinase activity, protein autophosphorylation, peptidyl-serine phosphorylation and protein serine/threonine kinase activity, etc. The important KEGG pathways involved Ras signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway and VEGF signaling pathway. Molecular docking results showed that catechin, oxypaeoniflorin, albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin had strong binding ability with MAPK1, SRC, EGFR, MAPK14 and CASP7. MCAO rat experimental results showed that Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra significantly improved the cerebral ischemia injury and interstitial edema, and significantly reduced the activation of caspase-7 and the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. The Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra drug pair alleviated cerebral ischemia injury through a network model of multi-phenotype intervention by promoting cell proliferation and differentiation, reducing inflammatory factor expression, protecting nerve cells from death and figh-ting against neuronal cell apoptosis, with its action signaling pathway most related to Ras signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway and VEGF signaling pathway. This study provides the basis for clinical intervention of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra drug pair on cerebral ischemia, and also provides ideas for the modernization of drug pairs.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Paeonia , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Infarto Cerebral , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ratos , Rizoma
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4023-4033, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467711

RESUMO

Paris polyphylla var. chinensis(PPC) is used as one of the origin plants of Paridis Rhizoma described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). Its resources shortage makes the planting scale gradually expand, and plenty of aerial parts are abandoned because of not being effectively used. On the basis of previous research, this study separated steroidal saponins to further clarify the chemical composition of the aerial parts of PPC. As a result, three pairs of 25R or 25S epimers of furostanol saponins were obtained by various column chromatography techniques. Their structures were identified as neosolanigroside Y6(1), solanigroside Y6(2), neoprotogracillin(3), protogracillin(4), neoprotodioscin(5) and protodioscin(6) by spectral data combining with chemical transformation. Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2, 3 and 5 are isolated from Paris plants for the first time. Compounds 4 and 6 are isolated from this plant for the first time. Previously, only several spirostanol glycosides with 25S configuration were isolated from Paris plants. Guided by mass spectrometry, the present study isolated the furostanol saponins with 25S configuration from this genus for the first time, which further enriches the chemical information of Paris genus and provides a reference for the isolation of similar compounds.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Saponinas , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4040-4050, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467713

RESUMO

In recent years, the establishment of the commercial grade of Yinpian [traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) pieces for decoction] in the TCM industry has been hotly disputed. In this article, Sophorae Flavescentis Radix(SFR) was selected as a representative example to investigated. Through systematic comparison and analysis, the different grades of SFR slices were traced, verified and evaluated. According to the current published local grade standards of SFR slices, the results showed that the first-class of SFR slices were mostly derived from the wild medicinal materials, the second-class were mostly originated from the cultivated materials in 3-4 years, and the third-class products were from a small number of lateral roots and short-growing years or harsh habitat of wild medicinal materials. On the basis of identifying the sources of different grades of SFR slices, the contents of the active components, including matrine, oxymatrine, oxysophocarpine, sophoridine, N-methyl-cytisine, sophocarpine, were quantitatively determined in typical samples, it was found that the grades were inversely proportional to the contents of active ingredients. In order to ensure the universality of the conclusion, the contents of different grades of commercial SFR slices were determined, and the conclusion was verified as "the commercial grades of SFR slices were inversely linked to their contents of active ingredients". This phenomenon is common in the determination of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome. Therefore, we propose that the method or standard of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome based on the size of Yinpian maybe not proper. Whether and how to classify Yinpian commercial grade is not only a multi-disciplinary issue, especially in combination with clinical efficacy, but also a big problem need to consider the production, commercial circulation and other processes link of quality risk and quality assurance, and should be treated with great caution.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4157-4166, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467728

RESUMO

This article aims to establish the fingerprints, determine the hemostatic pharmacodynamic indicators, and explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in 12 different specifications. Firstly, HPLC and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) were employed to establish the fingerprints of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The rat plasma recalcification experiment and the rat gastric bleeding experiment were conducted to determine the pharmacodynamic indicators, including plasma recalcification time(PRT), thrombin time(TT), prothrombin time(PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Afterwards, the partial least squares method was employed to explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in different specifications. Twenty-six common peaks were detected in the HPLC fingerprints of different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 out of the 26 common peaks represented saponins. The content of dencichine was determined by LC-MS. The rat experiments showed that the pharmacodynamic indicators were significantly different among different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The spectrum-effect relationship was explored between 27 common components and pharmacodynamic indicators. Among them, 16 components had positive effects on the pharmacodynamic indicators of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 exerted negative effects. This study provides a basis for the precision medication and quality control of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemostáticos , Saponinas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Controle de Qualidade , Ratos , Rizoma
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4293-4299, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467744

RESUMO

Fourteen classical prescriptions in the Catalog of 100 Ancient Classical Prescriptions(First Batch) promulgated in 2018 contain Chuanxiong Rhizoma, which reveals the high medicinal value and wide application of Chuanxiong Rhizoma. This paper systematically reviews the ancient herbal books and modern literature to explore the name, origin, genuine producing area, medicinal part, harvesting, and processing of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, thus facilitating the development of classical prescriptions containing Chuan-xiong Rhizoma. It is confirmed that Chuanxiong Rhizoma, formerly known as "Xiongqiong" in Chinese, was first called "Chuanxiong" in late Tang Dynasty, which has been gradually accepted as its official name due to the rise of the status of Chuanxiong Rhizoma produced in Sichuan. The main original plant of Chuanxiong Rhizoma in past dynasties has always been deemed to be Ligusticum chuan-xiong(Umbellifera), whose rhizome serves as the medicinal part. In general, it is best harvested in summer but the harvesting time can vary with different growth environments. Since the Song Dynasty, Sichuan province has been recognized as the genuine producing area of Chuanxiong Rhizoma in light of the high yield and good quality. It is suggested that Chuanxiong Rhizoma from Sichuan be used preferentially in the development of classical prescriptions. There are multiple processing methods of Chuanxiong Rhizoma recorded in ancient medical classics, and the raw(after purifying and slicing) or wine-processed or stir-fried Chuanxiong Rhizoma is still in use today. In the development of classical prescriptions containing Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma is advised to be processed in accordance with current processing standards if the specific processing method is described in the medical classics. If not, the raw Chuanxiong Rhizoma is preferred and then processed following the processing standards of Chuanxiong Rhizoma decoction pieces in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Rizoma , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3753-3763, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472247

RESUMO

Chinese medicinals feature different medicinal parts and enriched components, which makes their powders show obvious microscopic identification characteristics and specific physical properties. On this basis, the commonly used Chinese medicinals can be divided into several categories, such as powdery, fibrous, sugar, oil, and brittle materials, which is of great importance to the research and development of personalized Chinese medicinal preparation technology. However, the existing classification methods are highly subjective and thus difficult to meet the requirements for the development of personalized Chinese medicinal preparations with high quality. In this study, 55 representative Chinese medicinals, such as Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Leonuri Herba, were selected, and the physical properties of their powders were systematically characterized by comprehensive powder tester, torque rheometer, texture analyzer, etc., based on which a data set encompassing physical properties of these powders was built. The typical physical fingerprints of powders from the above 5 categories were established by multivariate statistical analysis. Then, the Chinese medicinals were classified according to the Euclidean distance between each of them and the typical value in the PCA score plot. For those with multiple material properties, whose classification boundary was fuzzy, the proportions of different types of materials were calculated with the combination of Euclidean distance, powder properties, microscopic identification characteristics, and chemical composition, so as to achieve the multivariate quantitative classification of Chinese medicinals. This lays the foundation for the further creation of intelligent personalized Chinese medicinal preparation technology.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pós , Rizoma
15.
Phytochemistry ; 191: 112902, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384921

RESUMO

Thirteen undescribed diterpenoid quinones were isolated from the dried roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Their structures were determined by extensive analysis, including NMR, HRESIMS, and IR. Their absolute configurations were determined by X-ray diffraction, calculated and experimental circular dichroism spectroscopy, and optical rotation. In the evaluation of bioactivities, salviadionether obviously inhibited the proliferation of HCT-116 cells. R-(+)-salmiltiorin E and R-(+)-grandifolia D both showed inhibitory activities on a variety of tumor cells. Salvianone ester A showed strong cytotoxicity to tumor-repopulating cells (TRCs) with an IC50 value of 2.19 µM.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Salvia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas , Quinonas/farmacologia , Rizoma
16.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361611

RESUMO

UV-B and IR-A radiation are important inducers of biological changes in skin involving ROS generation. The overloading of antioxidant defense mechanisms by ROS production could lead to photoaging and photocarcinogenesis processes. Various traditional usages are reported for Aralia nudicaulis L. extracts, including treatment of dermatological disorders. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties have already been reported for other Aralia species possibly due to the presence of phenolic compounds. However, the phenolic composition and the potential activity of A. nudicaulis rhizomes extract against oxidative stress and UV/IR damages have not been investigated. The main aims of this study were to prepare a fraction enriched in phenolic compounds (FEPC) from A. nudicaulis rhizomes, to identify its major phenolic compounds and to assess its potential for protective effects against oxidative stress induced by UV-B, IR-A or inflammation. A quantitative LC-MS study of FEPC shows that chlorogenic, caffeic and protocatechuic acids are the main phenolic compounds present, with concentrations of 15.6%, 15.3% and 4.8% of the total composition, respectively. With a validated analytical method, those compounds were quantified over different stages of the growing period. As for biological potential, first this extract demonstrates antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Furthermore, ROS generation induced by IR-A and UV-B were strongly inhibited by A. nudicaulis extract, suggesting that Aralia nudicaulis L. rhizome extract could protect dermal cells against oxidative stress induced by UV-B and IR-A.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aralia/química , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Fibroblastos/citologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Rizoma/química , Pele/citologia
17.
Comput Biol Med ; 136: 104769, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426169

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that Sophorae Tonkinensis radix et rhizome (ST) can be used to treat some lung diseases. However, the therapeutic potentials, therapeutic advantages, mechanism of action, and material basis of ST treatment of lung diseases remain unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to carry out an integrated analysis based on the biolabel-led research pattern. Proteomics and metabonomics were applied to explore the biolabels responsible for the effect of ST on lung tissue. Based on the biolabels, a bioinformatics database was used to topologically analyze the therapeutic potentials, therapeutic advantages, mechanism of action, and material basis of ST in treating lung diseases. Four human lung-cancer cell models were used to validate the results of the biolabel analysis. In total, 45 proteins and 3 metabolites were significantly enriched in 13 pathways and were considered as biolabels. Bioinformatics revealed that the therapeutic potentials of ST involved a variety of lung diseases, especially lung neoplasms. Under the mediation of 40 biolabels, 29 compounds may be the material basis of ST in treating lung diseases. In a verification experiment, ST had a significant inhibitory effect on the H226 cell line (lung squamous cell carcinoma), which ranks first in morbidity and mortality among lung cancers in China. Additionally, five biolabels (CPS1, CKM, CPT1B, COX5B, and COX4I1) were involved in the anti-lung cancer mechanism of ST and 3 compounds (gallic acid, betulinic acid, and caffeic acid). These findings indicate that the biolabel-led research pattern was helpful in achieving the objectives of this study.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pneumopatias , Sophora , Biologia Computacional , Computadores , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Herbária , Humanos , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Rizoma
18.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371964

RESUMO

The flowering plant genus Alisma, which belongs to the family Alismataceae, comprises 11 species, including Alisma orientale, Alisma canaliculatum, and Alisma plantago-aquatica. Alismatis rhizome (Ze xie in Chinese, Takusha in Japanese, and Taeksa in Korean, AR), the tubers of medicinal plants from Alisma species, have long been used to treat inflammatory diseases, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, bacterial infection, edema, oliguria, diarrhea, and dizziness. Recent evidence has demonstrated that its extract showed pharmacological activities to effectively reverse cancer-related molecular targets. In particular, triterpenes naturally isolated from AR have been found to exhibit antitumor activity. This study aimed to describe the biological activities and plausible signaling cascades of AR and its main compounds in experimental models representing cancer-related physiology and pathology. Available in vitro and in vivo studies revealed that AR extract possesses anticancer activity against various cancer cells, and the efficacy might be attributed to the cytotoxic and antimetastatic effects of its alisol compounds, such as alisol A, alisol B, and alisol B 23-acetate. Several beneficial functions of triterpenoids found in AR might be due to p38 activation and inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways. Moreover, AR and its triterpenes inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells that are resistant to chemotherapy. Thus, AR and its triterpenes may play potential roles in tumor attack, as well as a therapeutic remedy alone and in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs.


Assuntos
Alisma , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Rizoma , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3356-3363, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396755

RESUMO

With Sangtang Yin granule as model drug,and based on the strategy of " unification of medicines and excipients",the feasibility of preparing high drug loading granules with traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) raw powder as carrier was explored. The powder yield,particle size and particle size distribution,fillibility,flowability,hygroscopicity,reconstituability and other key physical properties relating to preparations of 8 herbs( Dioscoreae Rhizoma,Euryales Semen,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Coicis semen,Poria,Puerariae Lobatae Radix,Puerariae Thomsonii Radix and Coicis Semen by stir-frying with bran) were studied after being smashed,and the feasibility of taking them as excipients of TCM granules was evaluated by co-spray drying,dry granulation and other preparation techniques. According to the results of the physical properties of raw powders,raw powders of Dioscoreae Rhizoma,Euryales Semen and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix had a high powder yield,uniform particle size distribution,good fillibility,poor hygroscopicity and good reconstitutability,with the feature of assisting granule forming. Compared with the prescription of spray dry powder Sangtang Yin without any excipient,the co-sprayed powder had a high yield,good fillibility and compressibility. The yield of dry granules prepared by co-spraying dry powder was increased by more than 10%,and the particles had a uniform color,good fluidity and dissolubility with the drug-loading rate up to 100%. Based on the physical characteristics of TCM raw powder combined with the analysis of the preparation process,Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix raw powder were selected as the carriers of granule preparations,and Sangtang Yin granule without any excipient was successfully prepared. The findings provide a feasible idea for the preparation of TCM granules with a high drug loading capacity.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pueraria , Excipientes , Tamanho da Partícula , Pós , Rizoma
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(32): 9229-9237, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357758

RESUMO

The dried leaves and rhizomes of Alpinia zerumbet have been traditionally used as food and medicine. Anti-inflammatory activity-guided phytochemical investigation into the rhizomes of A. zerumbet led to the isolation of 17 compounds including 10 neolignans (1-10, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, and 5 are new compounds) and seven diarylheptanoids (11-17) in which 1-3 were three pairs of enantiomers. 4 was only one enantiomer and 5 was a racemic mixture. Compounds 1a, 1b, 2a, and 2b incorporated an 8',9'-dinorneolignan skeleton, which was rare in the lignan family. The planar structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive analyses of spectroscopic data. The relative and absolute configurations were determined by the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT)-based electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation method. The 95% ethanol extract and ethyl acetate extract of A. zerumbet were found to show anti-inflammatory activity against croton oil-induced ear edema in mice with inhibition rates of 20.0 and 47.6% at a dose of 80 mg/kg, respectively. Bioassays showed that compounds 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, and 12 moderately inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells with IC50 values of 3.62, 7.63, 6.51, 5.60, and 8.33 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Alpinia , Lignanas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diarileptanoides , Lignanas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rizoma
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