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1.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104420, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733344

RESUMO

We report for the first time the isolation of 2-furyl(phenyl)methanol (5) from the chloroform extracts of the Atractylis gummifera roots. A. gummifera is a thistle belonging to the Asteraceae family that produces the ent-kaurane diterpenoid glycoside atractyloside (ATR). ATR (1) was isolated and chemically modified to obtain its aglycone atractyligenin (2) and the methylated derivatives ATR-OMe (3) and genine-OMe (4). The compounds 1-5 were structurally characterised and evaluated against the intracellular amastigote, cultured within macrophages, and the extracellular promastigote of Leishmania donovani, the protozoan parasite responsible for the highly infective disease visceral leishmaniasis, which is fatal if untreated. The 2-furyl(phenyl)methanol 5 exhibited notable activity against the promastigote.


Assuntos
Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Atractylis/química , Leishmania donovani/efeitos dos fármacos , Metanol/farmacologia , Animais , Antiprotozoários/isolamento & purificação , Itália , Macrófagos/parasitologia , Metanol/análogos & derivados , Metanol/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma/química
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4481-4485, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872636

RESUMO

Aromatic constituents from rhizomes of Sophora tonkinensis were purified by extensive chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over macroporous resin,MCI,silica gel,weak acid cation exchange resin,Sephadex LH-20,ODS,and semi-preparative HPLC. Twelve aromatic compounds were isolated and identified from the water aqueous extract of the rhizomes of S.tonkinensis. Their structures were elucidated as 4-( 3-hydroxypropyl) phenol( 1),( ±)-4-( 2-hydroxypropyl) phenol( 2),benzamide( 3),( ±)-3-( p-methoxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol( 4),4-methoxybenzamide( 5),3-hydroxy-1-( 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) propan-1-one( 6),tyrosol( 7),( ±)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl benzoate( 8),vanillin alcohol( 9),7,3'-dihydroxy-8,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone( 10),7,4'-dihydroxy-3'-methoxyisoflavone( 11),and 7,3'-dihydroxy-5'-methoxyisoflavone( 12). Compounds 1-9 were firstly isolated from the Sophora genus. Compounds 4,5,10 and 11 can remarkably protect Hep G2 cell against APAP-induced damage at the concentration of 10 µmol·L-1. Compounds 1-12 exhibited no significant activities on the assays of inhibition of LPS-induced NO production in RAW cell lines and NF-κB inhibition.


Assuntos
Rizoma/química , Sophora/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Células Hep G2 , Humanos
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 3985-3993, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872735

RESUMO

In order to determine the quality evaluation method for standard decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma,15 batches of standard decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma were prepared by using standardized process. Parameters such as traits,p H value,indicative component content,fingerprint similarity,composition transfer rate and dry extract rate were selected as the indexes for quality evaluation. Similarity evaluation and cluster analysis were performed for HPLC fingerprint of standard decoction,and mathematical model was used to study the correlation between dry extract rate,berberine content,berberine transfer rate in standard decoction and berberine content in decoction pieces. The results showed that the similarity of fingerprints was greater than 0. 99 for these 15 batches of standard decoctions of Coptidis Rhizoma. In cluster analysis,the standard decoctions of Coptidis Rhizoma from 4 producing areas were classified into 3 categories,consistent with the content determination results,indicating that there were quality differences among different producing areas.R2 in three linear regression mathematical models established was all greater than 0. 9,with significant difference. The validation of three batches of data showed that the models had good accuracy. Therefore,this model can be used to predict the quality of standard decoction prepared from different Coptidis Rhizoma pieces. In the standard decoction process established in this study,the integrity of the traditional process was greatly preserved,and the established quality evaluation method could be used to comprehensively examine the quality of the standard decoction,which can provide a demonstration for the related research of water extraction preparation containing Coptidis Rhizoma pieces.


Assuntos
Berberina/análise , Coptis/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Modelos Lineares , Rizoma/química
4.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104393, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669721

RESUMO

The extract of Dioscorea zingiberensis C.H. Wright rhizomes is found to be effective in the therapy of cardiovascular disease. Steroidal saponins make substantial contribution. Previous study has proposed that methylprotodioscin (MP) may promote cholesterol efflux by increasing ABCA1 expression. But the other main saponins ingredients are not referred to. The aim of the present work was to reveal the effect and mechanism of protodioscin (PD), MP and pseudoprotodioscin (PPD) on the synthesis-related gene expression of cholesterol and triglycerides. MTT assay apoptosis assay with annexin AV-APC and 7-AAD double staining were performed. MicroRNA assay and qRT-PCR were used to analyze the gene expression which regulates synthesis of cholesterol and triglycerides. Western blot was to demonstrate the levels of target proteins. Cholesterol efflux assay was executed to study the stimulative effect of saponins on cholesterol efflux. In Hep G2 cells, PPD increased ABCA1 protein and mRNA levels, and promoted the effluxion of ApoA-1-mediated cholesterol. The underlying mechanisms involved that PPD inhibited SREBP1c and SREBP2 transcription by decreasing microRNA 33a/b levels. This procedure reciprocally led to the increase of ABCA1 levels. In THP-1 macrophages, PPD showed the similar effect, which reduced HMGCR, FAS and ACC mRNA levels and promoted low density lipoprotein receptor by decreasing the PCSK9 levels. These studies demonstrated that PPD is a potential agent for cholesterol efflux, SREBPs and microRNA 33a/b inhibition, which related to the gene expression for the synthesis of cholesterol and triglycerides.


Assuntos
Colesterol/biossíntese , Diosgenina/análogos & derivados , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , Saponinas/farmacologia , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Triglicerídeos/biossíntese , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Dioscorea/química , Diosgenina/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/metabolismo , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Rizoma/química , Células THP-1
5.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 296, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bergenia ciliata is a medicinal plant used for the treatment of diarrhea, vomiting, fever, cough, diabetes, cancer, pulmonary disorders and wound healing. METHODS: In this study, Bergenia ciliata crude extract, subfractions, and isolated compounds were evaluated for their antioxidant and anticholinesterase potential. The free radical scavenging capacities of the extracts determined using DPPH and ABTS assays. The anticholinesterase potentials were determined using acetylcholine esterase and butyryl choline esterase enzymes. To determine the phytochemical composition, the extracts were subjected to HPLC analysis and silica gel column isolation. Based on HPLC fingerprinting results, the ethyl acetate fraction was found to have more bioactive compounds and was therefore subjected to silica gel column isolation. As a result, three compounds; pyrogallol, rutin, and morin were isolated in the pure state. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated using spectroscopic techniques like 1H-NMR, IR and UV-Visible. RESULTS: The crude extract showed maximum anticholinesterase (acetylcholinesterase = 90.22 ± 1.15% and butyrylcholinesterase = 88.22 ± 0.71%) and free radical scavenging (87.37 ± 2.45 and 83.50 ± 0.70% respectively against DPPH and ABTS radicals) potentials. The total phenolic contents (expressed as equivalent of gallic acid; mgGAE/g) were higher in ethyl acetate fraction (80.96 ± 1.74) followed by crude extract (70.65 ± 0.86) while the flavonoid contents (expressed as quercetin equivalent; mgQE/g) and were higher in crude extract (88.40 ± 1.12) followed by n-butanol fraction (60.10 ± 1.86). The isolated bioactive compounds pyrogallol, rutin, and morin were found active against ABTS and DPPH free radicals. Amongst them, pyrogallol was more active against both free radicals. Reasonable anticholinesterase activities were recorded for pyrogallol against selected enzymes. CONCLUSION: The extracts and isolated compounds showed antioxidant and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory potentials. It was concluded that this plant could be helpful in the treatment of oxidative stress and neurological disorders if used in the form of extracts.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Saxifragaceae/química , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Butirilcolinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Rizoma/química
6.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111643, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698218

RESUMO

Diabetes is a major emerging health consequence across the world which directly associated with the obesity. Contemporary anti-diabetic drugs have numeral limitations, and investigation of herbal remedies for diabetes give novel guide for the expansion of new drugs that can be used as harmonizing to present anti-diabetic allopathic medications. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) of 21 nm have been formerly well portrayed in vitro for their capability to intend active uptake in cell. Our present study was dealing with the synthesis of gold nanoparticles by means of Smilax glabra rhizome amend the anti-obesity constraints in high-fat diet by streptozotocin provoked obese diabetes in rat model. Characterization studies like UV -Spectroscopy, XRD analysis, SEM, TEM microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy, and FT-IR investigation confirms the availability of dimension, shape and size. Biochemical parameters like blood glucose and insulin sufferance and its release, lipid profile, aterogenic & coronary index, liver markers, inflammatory markers, hormones like leptin, resistin, adiponectin indicates the therapeutic effect of gold nanoparticles harvested from Smilax glabra on obese and diabetic rats. Histopathological examinations displayed the disturbed internal structures of obese and diabetic rats liver and heart tissues. Whereas, treatment with gold nanoparticles synthesized from Smilax glabra restored the internal membrane, nuclei and cytoplasm. All these findings confirmed the anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effect of synthesized gold nanoparticles from Smilax glabra.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Smilax/química , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Rizoma/química , Rizoma/metabolismo , Smilax/metabolismo , Estreptozocina/toxicidade
7.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104365, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647954

RESUMO

As a folk medicine, Phlomis likiangensis is traditionally used in China to activate collaterals and protect cardiovascular system. We hypothesized that the beneficial effects of Phlomis likiangensis may be related to vasodilatation. In the present study, twelve known iridoid glucosides (1-12) were isolated from Phlomis likiangensis. The vasodilatory effects and the underlying mechanisms of the main components (iridoid glucosides) of Phlomis likiangensis on rat aortic rings were investigated. The result showed that iridoid glucosides significantly increased the vasodilatation in rat aortic rings, which was abolished by removing the endothelium of the vessels or by eliminating the generation of nitric oxide. Finally, the structure-activity relationship of compounds 1-12 was also speculated. Our findings provide the first evidence that the iridoid glucosides of Phlomis likiangensis may be the pharmacodynamic basis for its traditional efficacy.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Phlomis/química , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , China , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas In Vitro , Glucosídeos Iridoides/química , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Rizoma/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Vasodilatação , Vasodilatadores/química
8.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104388, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655087

RESUMO

A new lignan, thoreliin A (1), and a new bisnorlignan, thoreliin B (2), were isolated from a MeOH extract of the rhizomes of Boesenbergia thorelii. In addition, the known bisnorlignans 3 and 4, neolignan 5, phenylpropanoids 6-15, as well as benzenoids 18-21 were also obtained from the same source. The structures were elucidated based on their spectroscopic data. By single crystal X-ray analysis, the relative stereochemistry of 1 was confirmed. All isolated compounds were evaluated for anti-HIV-1 activities. Among them, thoreliin A (1) exhibited anti-HIV-1 activities on both HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (41.43% inhibition at 200 µg/mL) and syncytium reduction assays (EC50 20.6 µM, SI 3.7), while compounds 3-6, 9 and 11-21 showed anti-HIV-1 activity only in the anti-syncytium assay (EC50 6.6-454.1 µM, SI >1.32-7.75).


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Lignanas/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Zingiberaceae/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/isolamento & purificação , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Tailândia
9.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(5): 518-526, sept. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008290

RESUMO

Valeriana amurensis Smir. ex Kom. widely distributed in the northeast region of China and some region in Russia and Korea, and its underground parts (roots and rhizomes) being used to cure nervous system diseases such as insomnia. The active components including the essential oil and iridoids of underground parts were investigated in different harvest periods in order to evaluate the quality for the roots and rhizomes of V. amurensis. The content of the essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and bornyl acetate in the oil was quantitated by GC-EI. The iridoids, valepotriates were determined by potentiometric titration and the main component, valtrate was quantitated by HPLC-UV. The factors of biomass were considered in the determination of collection period. Statistical analysis of results showed that, the highest content of the essential oil per plant was 22.69 µl in withering period and then 21.58 µl in fruit ripening period, while the highest contents of bornyl acetate, valepotriates and valtrate per plant were 2.82 mg, 31.90 mg and 0.98 mg in fruit ripening period separately. Fruit ripening period was decided as the best harvest period for the content of active constituents and output of drug, and it would provide scientific basis for the artificial cultivation of V. amurensis.


Valeriana amurensis Smir. ex Kom. Se distribuye ampliamente en la región noreste de China y en algunas regiones de Rusia y Corea, y sus partes subterráneas (raíces y rizomas) se utilizan para curar enfermedades del sistema nervioso como el insomnio. Se investigaron los componentes activos, incluidos el aceite esencial y los iridoides de las partes subterráneas de V. amurensis en diferentes períodos de cosecha para evaluar la calidad de las raíces y rizomas. El contenido del aceite esencial se obtuvo mediante hidrodestilación y el acetato de bornilo en el aceite se cuantificó por GC-EI. Los iridoides, valepotriatos se determinaron mediante valoración potenciométrica y el componente principal, el valtrato se cuantificó por HPLC-UV. Los factores de biomasa fueron considerados en la determinación del período de recolección. El análisis estadístico de los resultados mostró que el mayor contenido de aceite esencial por planta fue de 22,69 µl en el período de marchitación y luego de 21,58 µl en el período de maduración de la fruta, mientras que el mayor contenido de acetato de bornilo, valepotriatos y valtrato por planta fue de 2.82 mg, 31.90 mg y 0,98 mg, respectivamente, en el período de maduración de la fruta por separado. Se definió el período de maduración de la fruta como el mejor período de cosecha para el contenido de constituyentes activos y la producción de droga, lo cual proporcionaría una base científica para el cultivo artificial de V. amurensis.


Assuntos
Valeriana/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Estações do Ano , Bornanos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Rizoma/química , Iridoides/análise
10.
Fitoterapia ; 137: 104281, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381957

RESUMO

Veratrum californicum is a rich source of steroidal alkaloids, many of which have proven to be antagonists of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway that becomes aberrant in over twenty types of cancer. These alkaloids first became known in the 1950's due to their teratogenic properties, which resulted in newborn and fetal lambs developing cyclopia as a result of pregnant ewes consuming Veratrum californicum. It was discovered that the alkaloids in V. californicum were concentrated in the root and rhizome of the plant with much lower amounts of the most active alkaloid, cyclopamine, present in the aerial plant, especially in the late growth season. Inspired by the limitations in analytical instrumentation and methods available to researchers at the time of the original investigation, we have used state-of-the-art instrumentation and modern analytical methods to quantitate four steroidal alkaloids based on study parameters including plant part, harvest location, and growth stage. The results of the current inquiry detail differences in alkaloid composition based on the study parameters, provide a detailed assessment for alkaloids that have been characterized previously (cyclopamine, veratramine, muldamine and isorubijervine), and identify at least six alkaloids that have not been previously characterized. This study provides insight into optimal harvest time, plant growth stage, harvest location, and plant part required to isolate, yet to be characterized, alkaloids of interest for exploration as Hh pathway antagonists with desirable medicinal properties.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Esteroides/química , Veratrum/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Hedgehog/antagonistas & inibidores , Idaho , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Rizoma/química , Estações do Ano , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides de Veratrum
11.
Aquat Toxicol ; 215: 105271, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470337

RESUMO

Microcystis blooms and their associated microcystins pose a significant health risk to humans. Microcystis normally occurs as colonies in eutrophic water bodies, and its physiological tolerance to algaecides is dissimilar to that of unicellular forms. However, the differences of physiological response to algaecides between unicellular and colonial Microcystis have been poorly explored. The current study investigated the effects of hexane extract of Acorus calamus rhizome (HEACR) on the physiological and photosynthetic mechanisms of unicellular and colonial M. aeruginosa in the laboratory. We analyzed the cell density, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, malonaldehyde (MDA) content, photosynthetic pigments, capsular polysaccharide (CPS), and photosystem (PS II) parameters of the two morphological forms of Microcystis. Our results show that HEACR suppresses the growth of both unicellular and colonial M. aeruginosa, increases the intracellular ROS level and cause lipid peroxidation, as well as exerting a detrimental effect on chlorophyll a (chl a) content and photosynthetic efficiency. Almost 100% inhibition was observed for unicellular and colonial M. aeruginosa after 3 d exposure to 50 and 100 mg L-1 HEACR, respectively. The ROS level increase, MDA accumulation, the chl a decrease and carotenoid increase in unicellular M. aeruginosa were all more obvious than that in colonial cells. The fall in photosynthetic efficiency of unicellular M. aeruginosa were also more significant than that of colonial cells. After 3d exposure, the maximum quantum yield of PS II photochemistry (Fv/Fm), effective quantum yield of PS II photochemistry (Fv'/Fm') and effective quantum yield of photochemical energy conversion in PS II (YII) of unicellular M. aeruginosa was almost totally inhibited by 20 mg L-1 HEACR, while the Fv/Fm, Fv'/Fm' and YII of colonial M. aeruginosa decreased by 43%, 26% and 66% for 100 mg L-1 of HEACR, respectively. Comparing the two morphological forms of Microcystis, colonies show a greater increase in CPS level to more effectively resist the stress of HEACR and to mitigate ROS generation thereby better defending against oxidative damage. Furthermore, colonial M. aeruginosa shows better photoprotection ability than the unicellular form when exposed to HEACR. The colonies also sustain their maximum electron transport rate, increase their tolerance to strong light, and maintain a higher ability to disperse excess energy. These results demonstrated that HEACR can significantly interfere with the growth and physiological processes of both unicellular and colonial M. aeruginosa, but that colonial M. aeruginosa has a greater ability to adjust physiological tolerance to resist the stresses of HEACR.


Assuntos
Acorus/química , Microcystis/efeitos dos fármacos , Microcystis/fisiologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Luz , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos da radiação , Microcystis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos da radiação , Pigmentos Biológicos/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
12.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 200, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Astilbe rivularis L. is an indigenous medicinal plant growing in high altitude of Darjeeling Himalayan region of India and Nepal. The plant rhizome has been used traditionally as medicine by local tribes to treat various ailments including infectious and other diseases. The present study aims to evaluate the plant rhizome for chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic bioactivities. METHODS: The methanolic extract of rhizome was analyzed for phytochemical constituents by biochemical and GC-MS methods. The antibacterial property of the extract was monitored by agar well diffusion assay. Antioxidant potential was assessed by in vitro DPPH and ABTS scavenging assays and scavenging of induced ROS in normal cell line using fluorescent probe 2', 7'- dichlorofluorescin diacetate. Cytotoxic effect of the extract in cancer and normal cell lines was determined by MTT assay. RESULTS: Rhizome methanolic extract contained terpenoids, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, alkaloids, saponins and reducing sugars. Further analysis of extract by GC-MS showed the presence of nine major constituents belonging to terpenoids and fatty acid groups. The extract had marked in vitro ROS scavenging activity and moderate antibacterial activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. It showed cytotoxicity to neuroblastoma (SHSY5Y) cell line with IC50 value < 100 µg ml- 1 but had least damaging effect on normal cells, like human embryonic kidney (HEK-293) and liver (WRL-68) cell lines. CONCLUSION: The study suggests that Astilbe rivularis has potential as source of new potent antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer agents. Further studies on purification and characterization of active compounds from Astilbe rivularis and their biological evaluation are highly recommended.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Saxifragaceae/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Índia , Nepal , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Rizoma/química
13.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 839-848, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366833

RESUMO

Panacis Japonici Rhizoma (PJR) contains various kinds of saponins, which possesses extensive pharmacological activities, but studies of comprehensive analysis of its saponins were limited. Thus, ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole-time of flight tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-Triple TOF-MS/MS) and ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole-linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) methods were established for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the saponins in PJR, separately. Fifty three saponins in PJR were identified by UFLC-Triple TOF-MS/MS method, 23 saponins of which were unequivocally identified by reference substances. In addition, fragmentation pathways of different types of saponins were preliminarily deduced by fragmentation behavior of 53 saponins. Furthermore, the simultaneous determination of the contents of 13 saponins in PJR samples harvested at different times were analyzed by UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS method. Furthermore, the quality of the samples was evaluated by grey relational analysis. This study might be beneficial to the quality assessment and control of PJR. Meanwhile, it might provide the basic information for confirming its optimal harvested period.


Assuntos
Rizoma/química , Saponinas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Conformação Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Planta Med ; 85(14-15): 1160-1167, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408886

RESUMO

The medicinal plant Actaea racemosa is a perennial, whose rhizome (black cohosh rhizome) is usually wild harvested on a multiton scale to meet market requirements. Since this North American species is increasingly endangered, cultivation is needed. Even though studies prove that cultivation is possible, it has not been widely established. This may be due to a different quality of cultivated material, which does not comply with current pharmacopoeial requirements. This study compares contents and chromatographic fingerprints of phenolic acids and triterpene glycosides in different types of black cohosh rhizomes. Commercial batches from wild harvests were compared to individual plants from the wild and from cultivation. Phenolic acids' contents and profiles were generally comparable between wild harvesting and cultivation. On the contrary, the total triterpene glycoside content was significantly lower in cultivation (p ≤ 0.001). In individual plants, different profiles of triterpene glycosides occurred. Possibly, specimen or chemotype selection for cultivation would cause a shift of the triterpene glycoside profile of cultivation batches away from the common pattern found in batches from wild harvesting. Potentially, such differences have an impact on the efficacy of black cohosh herbal products, if cultivated plant material is used for manufacturing.


Assuntos
Cimicifuga/química , Glicosídeos/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Triterpenos/química , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas , Plantas Medicinais , Rizoma/química
15.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412677

RESUMO

Five new cucurbitane-typetriterpenoid glycosides, named Xuedanoside F-J (1-5), were obtained from the rhizomes of Hemsleya penxianensis (Xue dan), which belongs to the family of Cucurbitaceae. These new compounds were elucidated byspectroscopic analysis, including 1D, 2D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS spectra. Additionally, all the isolates were evaluated for cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines (Hela, MCF-7, and A-549) with the IC50 ranging from 2.25 to 49.44 µM in vitro with treatment 48 h and showed low cytotoxicity in human normal liver L-02 cells (IC50 > 50 µM). Compound 5 showed the most significant cytotoxic activity with the IC50 value of 2.25, 4.72, and 5.33 µM in 48 h, respectively.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Cucurbitaceae/química , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
16.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 207, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cnidii Rhizoma is the dried root stem of Cnidium officinale Makino. Cnidii Rhizoma (CR) has been used to treat menstrual irregularity, menstrual pain, and menopause in Korea. However, the effects and mechanisms of CR on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis pathway remain to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effects of CR on the inhibition of bone resorption of osteoclast and its mechanism RANK signaling pathway. METHODS: The anti-osteoclastogenesis of water extract of CR was measured using RAW 264.7 cell. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) assay, pit assay, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot were performed. Moreover, the effects of CR were determined with an in vivo model using ovariectomized (OVX) rats. RESULTS: CR extract suppressed osteoclastogenesis, its activity and bone resorption activity through decreasing gene of osteoclast-related such as nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), c-Fos, etc. Moreover, CR extract prevented the bone loss in OVX rats. CONCLUSION: These results show that CR has a positive effect on menopausal osteoporosis by suppressing osteoclastogenesis.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/prevenção & controle , Cnidium/química , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Animais , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/genética , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/metabolismo , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Ovariectomia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/genética , Ligante RANK/genética , Células RAW 264.7 , Ratos , República da Coreia , Rizoma/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Environ Toxicol ; 34(12): 1354-1362, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436008

RESUMO

Ultraviolet-B light (UV-B) is a major cause of skin photoaging, inducing cell death and extracellular matrix collapse by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). Belamcandae Rhizoma (BR), the rhizome of Belamcanda chinensis Leman, exhibits antioxidant properties, but it remains unknown whether BR extract ameliorates UV-B-induced skin damage. In this study, we evaluated the effects of a standardized BR extract on UV-B-induced apoptosis and collagen degradation in HaCaT cells. BR was extracted using four different methods. We used radical-scavenging assays to compare the antioxidative activities of the four extracts. Cells were irradiated with UV-B and treated with BR boiled in 70% (vol/vol) ethanol (BBE). We measured cell viability, intracellular ROS levels, the expression levels of antioxidative enzymes, and apoptosis-related and collagen degradation-related proteins. The irisflorentin and tectorigenin levels were measured via high-performance liquid chromatography. BBE exhibited the best radical-scavenging and cell protective effects of the four BR extracts. BBE inhibited intracellular ROS generation and induced the synthesis of antioxidative enzymes such as catalase and glutathione. BBE attenuated apoptosis by reducing the level of caspase-3 and increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. BBE reduced the level of matrix metalloproteinase-1 and increased that of type I collagen. The irisflorentin and tectorigenin contents were 0.23% and 0.015%, respectively. From these results, BBE ameliorated UV-B-induced apoptosis and collagen degradation by enhancing the expression of antioxidative enzymes. It may be a useful treatment for UV-B-induced skin damage.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Iris/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Raios Ultravioleta , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular , Glutationa/metabolismo , Humanos , Iris/metabolismo , Isoflavonas/análise , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Substâncias Protetoras/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Rizoma/química , Rizoma/metabolismo
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1729-1733, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342693

RESUMO

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Assuntos
Alisma/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1739-1743, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342695

RESUMO

Grade of Chinese medicine slices is the most clear and most direct way to characterize the quality of Chinese medicine slices,also the basis of realizing " good quality and good prices",and it can guarantee the industry health development. Therefore,grade evaluation of Chinese medicine slices( GECMS) is highly valued and has grown rapidly in the industry. In recent years,due to the comprehensive and measureable features,the Chinese medicine quality constant evaluation method has been gradually recognized and applied.The paper is to establish a method of grades evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle( GRRPCM) based on the Chinese medicine quality constant. 20 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and 14 batches of qualified samples were selected to determine their external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,then their Chinese medicine quality constants were calculated and the grades were determined. The results revealed that the relative quality constant of these samples ranged from 0. 70 to 14. 08,with a percentage quality constant from 4. 95 to 100. 00. If these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥11. 27 or percentage quality constant ≥80. 03 for the first grade; the relative quality constant shall be <11. 27 but ≥7. 04,or percentage quality constant <80. 03 and ≥49. 99 for the second grade; while for the third grade,the relative quality constant shall be <7. 04 or the percentage quality constant <49. 99. This research indicates that Chinese quality constant can be used to objectively grade the herbal slices,providing reference for grades standard development of complex processing slices. In addition,the connotation of GECMS that has evaluate the mass discrepancy is discussed for expanding application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Glycyrrhiza/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1755-1759, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342698

RESUMO

Quality constant is a kind of grading evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine pieces based on the combination of traditional knowledge and modern quality control. This method has been successfully applied in the grading evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces and traditional Chinese medicine pieces,and with a positive influence in the industry. With Dachuanxiong Formula for example,different grades of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Gastrodia elata pieces formed high-quality,moderate and qualified Dachuanxiong Formula on the basis of the grading evaluation of the pieces,and the pharmacodynamics method was used to evaluate its efficacy. The results showed that the maximum vascular diastolic rates of Dachuanxiong Formula in the three grades were( 80. 3±5. 2) %,( 67. 0±6. 1) %and( 60. 3±6. 5) %,and the strength of pharmacodynamics was positively correlated with the grade of L. chuanxiong and G. elata pieces.The quality constant technique can objectively and quantitatively classify single decoctions,and has important correlations and prompts for the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions composed of these pieces,with important significance in promoting hierarchical management of the industry,implementing better price for high quality and defining high quality and superior effect.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Gastrodia/química , Glycyrrhiza/química , Ligusticum/química , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas/química , Controle de Qualidade , Rizoma/química
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