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1.
Food Chem ; 370: 131044, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509940

RESUMO

The shelf life of chestnut rose beverage is largely dependent on packaging method and storage temperature. In this study, we investigated the effects of packaging beverages in bottles made of either polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or PEN (polyethylene naphthalate)/PET and storage temperature (4, 25, 37, and 55 ℃) on the shelf life of chestnut rose beverage. The physicochemical parameters and enzyme activity of beverages were evaluated, and we found that at 4 °C, the vitamin C, superoxide dismutase, and total polyphenol contents of beverages stored in PEN/PET bottles increased by 9.95 ± 0.49%, 2.86 ± 0.13%, and 3.23 ± 0.09% respectively, compared to beverages in ordinary PET bottles. In addition, other characteristic indicators including total soluble solids, browning index, and color value were also significantly improved. A shelf-life model was established based on the Arrhenius equation, and it will help distributors and consumers to determine the storage time and optimal shelf life of chestnut rose beverage.


Assuntos
Polietilenotereftalatos , Rosa , Bebidas/análise , Embalagem de Alimentos , Polietilenotereftalatos/análise , Temperatura
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130509, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339923

RESUMO

In China, three Rosaceae fruits with distinctive flavours and functions have recently been transformed from edible plants into standardised juice or beverage products. To enhance the development of these fruit products, the results and conclusions from various investigations of the chemical and biological properties of fruits should be summarised. Based on industrial advances, there are still some limitation in the research and development of these fruit products that need to be addressed. Therefore, in this report, we provided a comprehensive and rigorous review to summarise critical data from phytochemical and biological investigations and from flavour profiles and industrial development of these fruit products. Our goal is to provide insights into recent research findings in order to advance studies and developments of products of these flavourful fruits from a reasonable perspective.


Assuntos
Rosa , Frutas , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Plantas Comestíveis , Pyracantha
3.
Food Chem ; 369: 130951, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474289

RESUMO

Infrared drying (IRD) was used for the dehydration process of rose petals for the purpose of improving drying efficiency as well as retaining product quality. A methodology to predict the antioxidant capacities of rose petals which include DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging capacities and ferric-ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) values during infrared drying (IRD) was established in this study. Partial least squares regression (PLSR) and back propagation-artificial neural network (BP-ANN) modelling were used to establish the relationships between the near infrared (NIR) spectrum and the antioxidant capacities. Results of model fitting showed that BP-ANN model displayed higher prediction accuracy than PLSR model for determining the DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging capacities and FRAP of rose petals during IRD based on NIR spectral data. The results obtained indicate that NIR spectroscopic parameters combined with multivariate calibration could be used reliably to predict the antioxidant capacities of IR-dried rose petals via appropriate mathematical models.


Assuntos
Rosa , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Antioxidantes , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Redes Neurais de Computação
4.
Food Chem ; 368: 130813, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411860

RESUMO

Major anthocyanin, cyanidin-3-sophoroside (318.1 mg/mL), and other minor copigments were identified in the ethanol extract of Hibiscus rosa sinensis. The extracts can be coelectrospun with polycaprolactone and polyethylene oxide into fiber mats and were sensitive to pH changes from 1 to 13 with a unique color code (ΔE > 5). The pH sensor was used to monitor shrimp quality under isothermal conditions to obtain the respective activation energy (Ea in kJ/mol) of the sensors' color-change response (20.2), measured pH (20.6), and trimethylamine nitrogen (24.6), indole (27.1), and total microbial counts (30.8). Together with the Pearson correlation coefficient, the results showed high correlations between the sensors' color change and other quality parameters (p < 0.001). The regression equation developed by conducting the kinetic analysis was also suitable for predicting shrimp quality at refrigeration temperatures (4-10 °C) and can be used as a marker to monitor shrimp quality by visually inspecting the item condition.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Rosa , Colorimetria , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Extratos Vegetais , Prata
5.
Planta ; 254(6): 118, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757465

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: A total of 27 rose thaumatin-like protein (TLP) genes were identified from the rose genome through bioinformatics analyses. RcTLP6 was found to confer salinity stress tolerance in rose. Thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) play critical roles in regulating many biological processes, including abiotic and biotic stress responses in plants. Here, we conducted a genome-wide screen of TLPs in rose (Rosa chinensis) and identified 27 RcTLPs. The identified RcTLPs, as well as other TLPs from six different plant species, were placed into nine groups based on a phylogenetic analysis. An analysis of the intron-exon structures of the TLPs revealed a high degree of similarity. RcTLP genes were found on all chromosomes except for chromosome four. Cis-regulatory elements (CEs) were identified in the promoters of all RcTLPs, including CEs associated with growth, development and hormone-responsiveness, as well as abiotic and biotic responses, indicating they play diverse roles in rose. Transcriptomics analysis revealed that RcTLPs had tissue-specific expression patterns, and several root-preferential RcTLPs were responsive to drought and salinity stress. Quantitative PCR analysis of six RcTLPs under ABA, PEG and NaCl treatment confirmed the differentially expressed genes identified in the transcriptomics experiment. In addition, silencing RcTLP6 in rose leaves led to decreased tolerance to salinity stress. We also screened proteins which may interact with RcTLP6 to understand its biological roles. This study represents the first report of the TLP gene family in rose and expands the current understanding of the role that RcTLP6 plays in salt tolerance. These findings lay a foundation for future utilization of RcTLPs to improve rose abiotic stress tolerance.


Assuntos
Rosa , Secas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Rosa/genética , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
6.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 4): e20201076, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730617

RESUMO

We present the first formal record of the twig-girdler Psyllotoxus griseocinctus Thomson, 1868 (Cerambycidae: Lamiinae: Onciderini) attacking the rose, Rosa sp. (Rosaceae) in Southern Brazil. We provide photographs of the damage P. griseocinctus causes to the plant, as well as morphological descriptions of the immature stages and molecular diagnostic tools to identify this species. Additionally, we provide a modelled map with the known and potential distribution of P. griseocinctus and new host records for three plant species: the common walnut tree, Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae); the cambucá tree, Plinia edulis (Vell.) Sobral (Myrtaceae); and the cherry tree, Prunus cf. serrulata Lindl. (Rosaceae).


Assuntos
Besouros , Myrtaceae , Rosa , Animais , Brasil , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
7.
Phytomedicine ; 93: 153757, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged maintenance of proteome stability and functionality (proteostasis) is of emerging significance in aging retardation and healthspan. PURPOSE: An enriched polyphenolic extract obtained from the hydrodistillation of rose petals was tested for its capacity to activate the proteostasis network modules, and thus modulate health- and/or lifespan at the cellular and whole organism level. METHODS: The aqueous extract that remained after the hydrodistillation of Rosa damascena petals, was processed with a polystyrene-FPX66 adsorption resin and sequentially fractionated by FCPC. NMR and UHPLC-HRMS analyses revealed the presence of 28 metabolites, mainly glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin. RESULTS: The extract showed high in vitro antioxidant activity and was not toxic in normal human skin fibroblasts, while it promoted the upregulation of NRF2-induced antioxidant genes and main proteostatic modules. Consistently, supplementation of this extract in Drosophila flies' culture medium induced a cncC/NRF2-mediated upregulation of antioxidant and proteostatic modules. Prolonged administration of the extract in flies' culture medium was not toxic and did not affect food intake rate or fecundity; also, it delayed the age-related decline of stress tolerance and locomotion performance (neuromuscular functionality) and dose-dependently extended flies' lifespan. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that the enriched polyphenolic extract obtained from the residue of R. damascena hydrodistillation activates cytoprotective cellular modules that, likely, contribute to its potential anti-aging properties.


Assuntos
Rosa , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Drosophila melanogaster , Humanos , Longevidade , Proteostase
8.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 472, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rose is one of most popular ornamental plants worldwide and is of high economic value and great cultural importance. However, cold damage restricts its planting application in cold areas. To elucidate the metabolic response of rose under low temperature stress, we conducted transcriptome and de novo analysis of Rosa xanthina f. spontanea. RESULTS: A total of 124,106 unigenes from 9 libraries were generated by de novo assembly, with N50 length was 1470 bp, under 4 °C and - 20 °C stress (23 °C was used as a control). Functional annotation and prediction analyses identified 55,084 unigenes, and 67.72% of these unigenes had significant similarity (BLAST, E ≤ 10- 5) to those in the public databases. A total of 3031 genes were upregulated and 3891 were downregulated at 4 °C compared with 23 °C, and 867 genes were upregulated and 1763 were downregulated at - 20 °C compared with 23 °C. A total of 468 common DEGs were detected under cold stress, and the matched DEGs were involved in three functional categories: biological process (58.45%), cellular component (11.27%) and molecular function (30.28%). Based on KEGG functional annotations, four pathways were significantly enriched: metabolic pathway, response to plant pathogen interaction (32 genes); starch and sucrose metabolism (21 genes); circadian rhythm plant (8 genes); and photosynthesis antenna proteins (7 genes). CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first to report the response to cold stress at the transcriptome level in R. xanthina f. spontanea. The results can help to elucidate the molecular mechanism of cold resistance in rose and provide new insights and candidate genes for genetically enhancing cold stress tolerance.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Rosa/genética , Transcriptoma , Temperatura Baixa , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Regulação para Baixo , Rosa/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 226: 112853, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619475

RESUMO

Climate change and the consequent alteration in agricultural circumstances enhance the susceptibility of fresh water use particularly in water-scarce regions. Marginal quality water reuse is a common alternative practice but possible perils of metal accretion in plant parts are mostly ignored. The present research aimed to probe the impact of treated wastewater (TWW) and untreated wastewater (UTWW) on metal accumulation in flower petals and their influence on essential oil contents of fragrant Rosa species (R. Gruss-an-teplitz, R. bourboniana, R. centifolia, R. damascena) in a peri-urban area of Faisalabad, Pakistan during January, 2017 to December, 2018. The mineral and chemical contents in canal water (CW) and TWW were less than recommended levels of national environmental quality standards (NEQS) for wastewater of Pakistan. The experimentally UTWW possessed higher electrical conductivity (EC), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD and COD), and some metals (Pb, Co, Cr) that were above the permissible levels. The experimental data revealed that except Cr other metals contents in the flower petals were less than the WHO recommended limits (for medicinal plants) under experimental irrigation regimes. Rosa centifolia and R. damascena possessed higher metal i.e. Zn, Cu, Pb, Cr, Co contents while Fe and Ni contents were higher in R. Gruss-an-Teplitz and R. bourboniana respectively. There were twelve constituents which were detected in essential oil by gas chromatography. Major constituents were phenyl ethyl alcohol, citronellol, geranyl acetate, γ- undelactone, methyl eugenol, and limonene whose share was 48.17%, 41.11%, 8.46%, 4.82%, 4.44%, and 4.15% respectively whereas concentrations of other 06 constituents were less than 3.7%. Phenyl ethyl alcohol, lion shared constituent of essential oil was found highest (48.17%) in R. Gruss-an-Teplitz whereas minimum level was recorded in R. damascena (28.84%) under CW. In contrast, citronellol (chief component of fragrance) was highest in R. damascena (41.11%) in UTWW while the lowest level was found in R. Gruss-an-Teplitz (17.41%) in CW. This study confirmed the variations in metal concentrations of Rosa species due to different absorbability of each metal in flower petals. It also indicates that wastewater did not affect the composition but there were quantitative differences in aroma constituents and chemical composition of essential oil.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Óleos Voláteis , Rosa , Monitoramento Ambiental , Flores/química , Metais Pesados/análise , Águas Residuárias/análise , Água
10.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684768

RESUMO

The enrichment of commonly consumed foods with bioactive components might be helpful in promoting health and reducing the risk of disease, so the enrichment of probiotic fermented milk with vitamin C can be considered appropriate. The effect of vitamin C addition depends on the source of origin (rosehip, acerola and ascorbic acid in powder form) on the growth and survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus and the quality of fermented milk on the 1st and 21st day of storage was analyzed. The pH, total acidity, vitamin C, syneresis, color, texture profile and numbers of bacterial cells in fermented milk were determined. The organoleptic evaluation was also performed. The degradation of vitamin C in milk was shown to depend on its source. The lowest reduction of vitamin C was determined in milk with rosehip. The least stable was vitamin C naturally found in control milk. The addition of rosehip and acerola decreased syneresis and lightness of milk color, increasing the yellow and red color proportion. In contrast, milk with ascorbic acid was the lightest during the whole experimental period and was characterized by a very soft gel. The growth of Lactobacillus rhamnosus during fermentation was most positively affected by the addition of rosehip. However, the best survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus was demonstrated in milk with acerola. On the 21st day of storage, the number of L. rhamnosus cells in the control milk and the milk with vitamin C was >8 log cfu g-1, so these milks met the criterion of therapeutic minimum. According to the assessors, the taste and odor contributed by the addition of rosehip was the most intense of all the vitamin C sources used in the study.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Produtos Fermentados do Leite/análise , Produtos Fermentados do Leite/microbiologia , Lactobacillus rhamnosus/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Ascórbico/isolamento & purificação , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Fermentação , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Malpighiaceae/química , Odorantes , Pós , Rosa/química , Paladar
11.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684797

RESUMO

Rosa roxburghii tratt (RRT), widely distributed in the southwest of China, is favored by consumers for its good taste and healthy functions. In this study, thirty-seven compounds of Rosa roxburghii Tratt (RRT) were identified and quantified by gas chromatography-olfactometry (G-O) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Furthermore, ethyl 2-methylpropanoate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl 2-methylbutyrate, and ethyl hexanoate were present with much higher odor activity values (OAVs) than other compounds. The key notes were confirmed by omission tests. Possible interaction among key notes was investigated through odor intensity determination and sensory analysis. It showed fruity and woody notes had synergistic effects. Full factorial design was used to evaluate the notes contribution to the whole odor. One important finding is the major effect of order interactions, fruity note (X1) and woody note (X4) especially, emphasizing the existence of complex interactions occurring between odor notes. The interaction X1X4 was further investigated. The woody note has a positive effect when the fruity note is also in the mixture but tends to show a negative effect otherwise.


Assuntos
Odorantes/análise , Rosa/química , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Olfatometria , Microextração em Fase Sólida
12.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500591

RESUMO

Triterpenoids and steroids are considered to be important for the fruit quality and health-promoting properties for the consumers. The aim of the study was the determination of the changes in triterpenoid and steroid biosynthesis and the accumulation in hypanthium and achenes of rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) hip during fruit development and ripening at three different phenological stages (young fruits, fully developed unripe fruits, and matured fruits). Triterpenoids and steroids were also determined in the peel and the pulp of the matured hips. The obtained results indicated that the distribution of the analyzed compounds in different fruit tissues is a selective process. The increased rate of hydroxylation of triterpenoids, the deposition of hydroxylated acids in fruit surface layer, and the continuous biosynthesis of phytosterols in achenes versus its gradual repression in hypanthium accompanied by the accumulation of their biosynthetic intermediates and ketone derivatives seem to be characteristic metabolic features of maturation of rugosa rose accessory fruit. These observations, apart from providing the important data on metabolic modifications occurring in developing fruits, might have a practical application in defining fruit parts, particularly rich in bioactive constituents, to enable the development of novel functional products.


Assuntos
Rosa/metabolismo , Esteroides/metabolismo , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo
13.
Planta ; 254(4): 65, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487248

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Enhanced levels of indole-3-acetic and raised auxin to cytokinin ratios in the stem base contribute to the positive acropetal gradient in rooting capacity of leafy single-node stem cuttings of rose. Cuttings excised from different nodal positions in stock plants can differ in subsequent adventitious root formation. We investigated the involvement of the auxin-cytokinin balance in position-affected rooting of Rosa hybrida. Leafy single-node stem cuttings of two rose cultivars were excised from top versus bottom positions. Concentrations of IAA and cytokinins were monitored in the bud region and the stem base during 8 days after planting using chromatography-MS/MS technology. The effects of nodal position and external supply of indole-butyric acid on rooting were analyzed. Most cytokinins increased particularly in the bud region and peaked at day two before the bud break was recorded. IAA increased in both tissues between day one and day eight. Top versus bottom cuttings revealed higher levels of isopentenyladenosine (IPR) in both tissues as well as higher concentrations of IAA and a higher ratio of IAA to cytokinins particularly in the stem base. The dynamic of hormones and correlation analysis indicated that the higher IPR contributed to the enhanced IAA in the bud region which served as auxin source for the auxin homeostasis in the stem base, where IAA determined the auxin-cytokinin balance. Bottom versus top cuttings produced lower numbers and lengths of roots, whereas this deficit was counterbalanced by auxin application. Further considering other studies of rose, it is concluded that cytokinin-, sucrose- and zinc-dependent auxin biosynthesis in the outgrowing buds is an important factor that contributes to the enhanced IAA levels and auxin/cytokinin ratios in the stem base of apical cuttings, promoting root induction.


Assuntos
Citocininas , Rosa , Homeostase , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Raízes de Plantas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
DNA Res ; 28(5)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499118

RESUMO

Rosa rugosa is an important shrub with economic, ecological, and pharmaceutical value. A high-quality chromosome-scale genome for R. rugosa sequences was assembled using PacBio and Hi-C technologies. The final assembly genome sequences size was about 407.1 Mb, the contig N50 size was 2.85 Mb, and the scaffold N50 size was 56.6 Mb. More than 98% of the assembled genome sequences were anchored to seven pseudochromosomes (402.9 Mb). The genome contained 37,512 protein-coding genes, with 37,016 genes (98.68%) that were functionally annotated, and 206.67 Mb (50.76%) of the assembled sequences are repetitive sequences. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that R. rugosa diverged from Rosa chinensis ∼6.6 million years ago, and no lineage-specific whole-genome duplication event occurred after divergence from R. chinensis. Chromosome synteny analysis demonstrated highly conserved synteny between R. rugosa and R. chinensis, between R. rugosa and Prunus persica as well. Comparative genome and transcriptome analysis revealed genes related to colour, scent, and environment adaptation. The chromosome-level reference genome provides important genomic resources for molecular-assisted breeding and horticultural comparative genomics research.


Assuntos
Rosa , Cromossomos , Genoma , Genômica , Filogenia , Rosa/genética
15.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118141, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517180

RESUMO

Tropospheric ozone (O3) affects isoprenoid emissions, and floral emissions in particular, which may result in potential impacts on the interactions of plants with other organisms. The effects of ozone (O3) on isoprenoid emissions have been investigated for many years, while knowledge on O3 effects on floral emissions is still scarce and the relevant mechanism has not been clarified so far. We investigated the effects of O3 on floral and foliar isoprenoid emissions (mainly isoprene, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes) and their synthase substrates from three rose varieties (CH, Rosa chinensis Jacq. var. chinensis; SA, R. hybrida 'Saiun'; MO, R. hybrida 'Monica Bellucci') at different exposure durations. Results indicated that the O3-induced stimulation after short-term exposure (35 days after the beginning of O3 exposure) was significant only for sesquiterpene emissions from flowers, while long-term O3 exposure (90 days after the beginning of O3 exposure) significantly decreased both foliar and floral monoterpene and sesquiterpene emissions. In addition, the observed decline of emissions under long-term O3 exposure resulted from the limitation of synthase substrates, and the responses of emissions and substrates varied among varieties, with the greatest variation in the O3-sensitive variety. These findings provide important insights on plant isoprenoid emissions and species selection for landscaping, especially in areas with high O3 concentration.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Ozônio , Rosa , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Flores/química , Ozônio/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Terpenos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
16.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443579

RESUMO

A comprehensive chemical profiling of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (freon R134a) subcritical extracts from the main genotypes of oil-bearing roses, was performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) in order to reveal the differences in their chemical composition. One hundred and three individual compounds were identified using GC/MS and their quantitative content was determined using GC-FID, representing 89.8, 92.5, 89.7 and 93.7% of the total content of Rosa gallica L., Rosa damascena Mill., Rosa alba L. and Rosa centifolia L. extracts, respectively. The compounds found in the extracts are representatives of the following main chemical classes: mono-, sesqui- and triterpenoids, phenylethanoids and phenylpropanoids and aliphatic hydrocarbons. Fatty acids, esters and waxes were found, as well. The study revealed that 2-phenylethanol is the most abundant component, ranging 9.0-60.9% followed by nonadecane and nonadecene with 5.1-18.0% geraniol (2.9-14.4%), heneicosane (3.1-11.8%), tricosane (0.1-8.6%), nerol (1.3-6.1%) and citronellol (1.7-5.3%). The extracts demonstrate a specific chemical profile, depending on the botanical species-phenylethanoids and phenyl propanoids are the main group for R. damascena, aliphatic hydrocarbons for R. alba and R. centifolia, while both are found in almost equal amounts in R. gallica. The terpenoid compounds show relatively broad variations: monoterpenes-11.9-25.5% with maximum in R. centifolia; sesquiterpenes-0.6-7.0% with maximum in R. gallica and triterpenes-0.4-3.7% with maximum in R. gallica extract.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis/análise , Rosa/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
17.
Phytomedicine ; 91: 153708, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Rosa davurica Pall., is mainly distributed in Korea, Japan, northeastern China, southeastern Siberia, and eastern Asia. It has been extensively used to treat various kinds of diseases by reason of the significant antioxidant, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the pharmacological mechanism of Rosa davurica Pall. in atopic dermatitis (AD) is still ill defined and poorly understood. This study was to examine the anti-inflammatory effects and its mechanism on AD of Rosa davurica Pall. leaves (RDL). METHODS: To evaluate the therapeutic potential of RDL against AD, we have investigated the effects of RDL on the inflammatory reactions and the productions of inflammatory chemokines and cytokines that were induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)/interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in HaCaT cells. Futhermore, we examined the effects of RDL on the signaling pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). For the in-vivo studies, RDL extract was topically applied to the dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD mice, then its therapeutic effect was evaluated physiologically and morphologically. RESULTS: After the stimulation of HaCaT cells with TNF-α/IFN-γ, RDL considerably reduced the release of inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO), PEG2 and other cytokines. RDL also reduced the phosphorylations of MAPK and NF-κB in TNF-α/IFN-γ-stimulated HaCaT cells. In vivo topical application of RDL to DNCB-induced AD mice significantly reduced the dorsal skin and ear thickness, clinical dermatitis severity, and mast cells. Treatment with RDL also markedly decreased the levels of serum IgE, IL-6 and the number of WBCs in the blood. CONCLUSION: Our studies indicate that RDL inhibits the AD-like skin lesions by modulating skin inflammation. Consequently, these results suggest that RDL may be served as a possible alternative therapeutic treatment for skin disorder such as AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rosa , Animais , Citocinas , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Dinitroclorobenzeno , Células HaCaT , Humanos , Interferon gama , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B , Folhas de Planta/química , Rosa/química , Pele , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(36): 10638-10647, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460265

RESUMO

Dietary fiber has been considered a key element in shaping the beneficial host-microbe symbiosis. In the present study, we identified Rosa roxburghii Tratt fruits as a promising dietary fiber source. The physicochemical properties and in vitro fermentability by human fecal microbes of R. roxburghii pomace water insoluble dietary fiber (RIDF) obtained from ultrasonic extraction and ultrahigh pressure (90 MPa)-treated RIDF (RIDF-90) were compared to those of R. roxburghii Tratt pomace (R). Ultrahigh pressure modification significantly increased the water holding, oil holding, and swelling capacity of RIDF-90 in comparison to R and RIDF. RIDF-90 displayed the slowest fermentation rate yet yielded the highest butyrate production. The superior butyrogenic properties of both RIDF-90 and, in part, RIDF were reflected by increased Coprococcus and Ruminococcus levels, demonstrating that ultrasonic extraction and/or further ultrahigh pressure treatment of insoluble fibers promotes the prebiotic value of R. roxburghii Tratt.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rosa , Fibras na Dieta , Fermentação , Frutas , Humanos
19.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361741

RESUMO

Due to their richness of bioactive substances, rose hips are a valuable raw material for obtaining extracts with potential antimicrobial activity. The aim of the study was to determine the antagonistic potential of whole pseudo-fruit and flesh extracts of three Rosa sp. varieties against Staphylococcus spp. bacteria isolated as food contaminants. The biological material in this study consisted of seven strains of bacteria from the genus Staphylococcus. Two strains-Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Staphylococcus epidermidis DSMZ 3270-were used as reference strains. The other five strains were food-derived isolates-S. epidermidis A5, S. xylosus M5, S. haemolyticus M6, S. capitis KR6, and S. warneri KR2A. The material was the pseudo-fruits of Rosa canina, Rosa pomifera Karpatia, and Rosa rugosa. The polyphenols were extracted from the fleshy part and the whole pseudo-fruit for all rose varieties. The tested preparations differed significantly in their polyphenol composition. The sum of polyphenols ranged from 28 862 to 35 358 mg/100 g of lyophilisate. The main groups of polyphenols found in the preparations were flavanols and ellagitannins. All of the tested extracts inhibited the growth of staphylococci at a concentration of 500 mg/mL. Rosa rugosa fruit extract showed the strongest antimicrobial properties among the studied extracts. For all the strains, the growth inhibition had a diameter of 20.3-29.0 mm. Moreover, six out of the seven tested strains showed the highest inhibition with the use of this extract. The MIC of rose extracts was in the range of 3.125-500 mg/mL and was strictly dependent on the bacterial species, the species of the rose, and the part of the fruit from which the extract was obtained. Correlations were assessed between the main groups of polyphenols in the extracts and their inhibition of bacterial growth. In the case of pseudo-fruit extracts, the inhibitory effect on bacterial growth positively correlated with the content of ellagitannins, and this effect was observed for almost all the tested strains. The results presented herein follow the current trend of minimising the use of chemical preservatives in food; from this point of view, rose extracts are very promising.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Flavonoides/química , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/química , Polifenóis/química , Rosa/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Microbiologia de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas/química , Humanos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/isolamento & purificação , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polifenóis/isolamento & purificação , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Staphylococcus capitis/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus capitis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus epidermidis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16868, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413416

RESUMO

Flower based nanoparticles has gained a special attention as a new sustainable eco-friendly avenue. Rosa floribunda charisma belongs to modern roses with bright yellow, red flowers with marvellous rose scent. Different methods were used for the extraction of its floral scent such as hexane, microwave, and solid-phase micro-extraction. The latter was the most efficient method for the extraction of phenyl ethyl alcohol, the unique scent of roses. In the current study, magnesium nanoparticles (RcNps) have been synthesized using Rosa floribunda charisma petals that have privileges beyond chemical and physical routs. RcNps formation was confirmed using UV-Visible (UV-Vis) Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), High Resolution-Transmission Electron Microscope (HR-TEM), Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM), Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). HR-TEM images detected the polyhedral shape of RcNps with a diverse size ranged within 35.25-55.14 nm. The resulting RcNps exhibited a high radical scavenging activity illustrated by inhibition of superoxide, nitric oxide, hydroxyl radical and xanthine oxidase by by IC50 values 26.2, 52.9, 31.9 and 15.9 µg/ml respectively as compared to ascorbic acid. Furthermore, RcNps at concentration of 100 µg/ml significantly reduced xanthine oxidase activity (15.9 ± 0.61 µg/ml) compared with ascorbic acid (12.80 ± 0.32 µg/ml) with p < 0.05. Moreover, RcNps showed an excellent antiaging activity demonstrated by inhibition of collagenase, elastase, hyaluronidase and tyrosinase enzymes in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values of 58.7 ± 1.66 µg/ml, 82.5 ± 2.93 µg/ml, 191.4 ± 5.68 µg/ml and 158.6 ± 5.20 µg/ml as compared to EGCG respectively. RcNps also, exhibited a promising antibacterial activity against three skin pathogens delineate a significant threat to a public health, as Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa with MIC of 15.63, 7.81, 31.25 µg/ml as compared to ciprofloxacin (7.81, 3.9 and 15.63 µg/ml). Moreover, RcNps suppressed the formation of biofilms with minimum biofilm inhibitory concentrations 1.95, 1.95, 7.81 µg/ml against the fore mentioned strains, respectively. Overall, our findings indicate that Rosa floribunda nanoparticles could be used as a leading natural source in skin care cosmetic industry.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Magnésio/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Rosa/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Odorantes , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
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