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1.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0272800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327277

RESUMO

Providing consumers with product-specific environmental impact information for food products (ecolabels) may promote more sustainable purchasing, needed to meet global environmental targets. Two UK studies investigated the effectiveness of different ecolabels using an experimental online supermarket platform. Study 1 (N = 1051 participants) compared three labels against control (no label), while Study 2 (N = 4979) tested four designs against control. Study 1 found significant reductions in the environmental impact score (EIS) for all labels compared to control (labels presented: values for four environmental indicators [-3.9 percentiles, 95%CIs: -5.2,-2.6]; a composite score [taking values from A to E; -3.9, 95%CIs: -5.2,-2.5]; or both together [-3.2, 95%CIs: -4.5,-1.9]). Study 2 showed significant reductions in EIS compared to control for A-E labels [-2.3, 95%CIs: -3.0,-1.5], coloured globes with A-E scores [-3.2, 95%CIs:-3.9,-2.4], and red globes highlighting 'worse' products [-3.2, 95%CIs:-3.9,-2.5]. There was no evidence that green globes highlighting 'better' products were effective [-0.5, 95%CIs:-1.3,0.2]. Providing ecolabels is a promising intervention to promote the selection of more sustainable products.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Supermercados , Humanos , Comportamento do Consumidor , Alimentos , Preferências Alimentares , Meio Ambiente , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 41: e2021355, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate food labels targeted at children and identify the concomitant presence of claims and high levels of critical nutrients and/or the presence of sweeteners. As a secondary objective, it aimed to list different types of claims and check which marketing strategies are most used. METHODS: We collected 409 products, from 8 popular food groups targeted at children, in Brazilian market (i.e., fruit drinks, dairy drinks, sandwich cookies, cakes, breakfast cereals, jellies, corn snacks, and yogurts). The contents of critical nutrients (e.g., sugar, total fat, saturated fat, and trans-fat, and sodium) and presence/absence of sweetener were calculated, considering Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) parameters. Then, we verified the presence and types of claims in these products. RESULTS: Overall, 265 (64.7%) labels presented claims. In three of the eight categories (i.e., breakfast cereals, dairy drinks, and yogurt), all products with claims (50, 34, and 34 products, respectively) had one or more nutrients in harmful concentrations (critical nutrients above PAHO's nutritional profile and/or presence of sweeteners). In the other categories, only one product (of 63 sandwich cookies and 26 breakfast cereals with claims) and three products (of 22 cakes and 28 jellies with claims) had no nutrient in critical concentration. The presence of claims, like "rich/source" of micronutrient, was predominant in seven of the eight food groups. CONCLUSION: In the present study, there was a high presence of claims, of different types, in foods targeted at children, which, for the most part, also have excess of at least one critical nutrient, according to PAHO.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Nutrientes , Criança , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo , Brasil , Edulcorantes
3.
PLoS Med ; 19(11): e1004116, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent meta-analysis suggested that using physical activity calorie equivalent (PACE) labels results in people selecting and consuming less energy. However, the meta-analysis included only 1 study in a naturalistic setting, conducted in 4 convenience stores. We therefore aimed to estimate the effect of PACE labels on energy purchased in worksite cafeterias in the context of a randomised study design. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to investigate the effect of PACE labels (which include kcal content and minutes of walking required to expend the energy content of the labelled food) on energy purchased. The setting was 10 worksite cafeterias in England, which were randomised to the order in which they introduced PACE labels on selected food and drinks following a baseline period. There were approximately 19,000 workers employed at the sites, 72% male, with an average age of 40. The study ran for 12 weeks (06 April 2021 to 28 June 2021) with over 250,000 transactions recorded on electronic tills. The primary outcome was total energy (kcal) purchased from intervention items per day. The secondary outcomes were: energy purchased from non-intervention items per day, total energy purchased per day, and revenue. Regression models showed no evidence of an overall effect on energy purchased from intervention items, -1,934 kcals per site per day (95% CI -5,131 to 1,262), p = 0.236, during the intervention relative to baseline, equivalent to -5 kcals per transaction (95% CI -14 to 4). There was also no evidence for an effect on energy purchased from non-intervention items, -5 kcals per site per day (95% CI -513 to 504), p = 0.986, equivalent to 0 kcals per transaction (95% CI -1 to 1), and no clear evidence for total energy purchased -2,899 kcals per site (95% CI -5,810 to 11), p = 0.051, equivalent to -8 kcals per transaction (95% CI -16 to 0). Study limitations include using energy purchased and not energy consumed as the primary outcome and access only to transaction-level sales, rather than individual-level data. CONCLUSION: Overall, the evidence was consistent with PACE labels not changing energy purchased in worksite cafeterias. There was considerable variation in effects between cafeterias, suggesting important unmeasured moderators. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was prospectively registered on ISRCTN (date: 30.03.21; ISRCTN31315776).


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Serviços de Alimentação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento do Consumidor , Exercício Físico , Rotulagem de Alimentos
4.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277048, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395097

RESUMO

To improve the dietary habits of the population, the EU, within the Farm to Fork strategy (F2F), is strongly supporting the Nutri-Score (NS) Front Of Pack (FOP) label. Under the NS system, Geographical Indications (GIs) are generally scored as "unhealthy" food, given the predominance of products of animal origin among GIs which are, notoriously, high-fat products. This study aims to determine the impact of the NS label on consumers' preferences for two Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) cheeses, in comparison with generic ones. A Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) was conducted on 600 Italian consumers through the estimation of a Random Parameter Logit model. Results highlighted that Italian consumers are generally not familiar with the NS and perceive it as a positive characteristic of the product, even if it is signalling an unhealthy choice (D score). However, consumers aware of the Nutri-Score meaning are willing to pay less to buy a product considered "unhealthy" according to this system. Furthermore, we found that consumers who already knew the NS system have homogeneous behaviours in rejecting the product, independently of the association with a PDO certification. This result has important implications on the agri-food sector. If the Nutri-Score becomes mandatory in the EU, consumers might refuse many GIs due to their negative Nutri-Score values. However, the quality of these products is recognized and protected worldwide. In this vein, the GI policy could be questioned by the F2F strategy: both of them aims to reduce information asymmetry producing, at the same time, contrasting results. Within the Geographical Indication policy, the PDO and PGI goods are protected for their quality attributes, which are strictly linked to their geographical origin of the products and traditional know-how. However, the EU adoption of the Nutri-Score could damage these products, reducing their perceived quality/value.


Assuntos
Queijo , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Animais , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Comportamento do Consumidor , Políticas , Geografia
5.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235825

RESUMO

Front-of-pack (FoP) warning labels are a viable policy option with the potential to inform consumer choice and assist in reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as part of a multi-faceted approach. This study explored parents' perceptions and understanding of a range of SSB warning labels. Focus groups (n = 12) with 82 parents of school-aged children were conducted, stratified according to education level, sex and location. Health effects, exercise equivalents, sugar content (teaspoons in text and pictograms, "high in") and energy content labels were shown. Through thematic analysis we identified three themes. Theme 1 related to perceptions of effectiveness of labels, underpinned by four subthemes: perceptions of labels as credible, informative and useful, personally relevant and having the potential to change be haviour. Theme 2 related to participants finding opportunities for self-exemption (e.g., physically active) and message rejection (e.g., misinterpretation). Theme 3 encompassed the potential negative consequences of some labels (e.g., body image concerns). The text teaspoons label was perceived most favourably across all themes, with minimal negative issues raised. These results provide in-depth insight into potential responses to labelling as a policy intervention, providing important guidance for the development of labels to ensure optimal message content and framing for future testing and subsequent implementation.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar , Adulto , Bebidas , Criança , Comportamento do Consumidor , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Humanos , Pais , Rotulagem de Produtos , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/efeitos adversos , Açúcares
6.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235839

RESUMO

OBJECT: The correct use of nutrition labels for prepackaged food helps university students develop healthy eating habits and prevent the occurrence of chronic non-communicable diseases. This study evaluates the understanding and use of nutrition labels of prepackaged food by university students in four different fields of study in Chongqing, China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used an online survey platform conducted in July 2022 in colleges and universities in Chongqing, China. The convenience sampling method was used to select students in four different fields of study, including medicine, humanities, science and technology, and arts and sports. Ten questions were used to assess participants' understanding of nutrition labels. A score of six or above (60%) indicates that the respondent has a basic understanding of the nutritional labels of prepackaged food. Descriptive statistics and generalized linear models (GLMs) were used to assess participants' understanding and use of nutrition labels for prepackaged foods and their influencing factors. RESULTS: A total of 1262 valid questionnaires was collected. The average age of the participants was 21.8 years (SD: 2.43), 50.1% were male, 80.8% were ethnic Han, and 50.9% were from rural areas. Only 21.3% of the university students in Chongqing had a good understanding of the nutrition labels of prepackaged food, where medical students were the highest (39.9%) and science and engineering students were the lowest (15.6%). Gender, ethnicity, grade, major, and whether received courses related to nutrition were influential factors in the understanding and use of nutrition labels of prepackaged food. Medical students also had more positive attitudes toward nutritional labels of prepackaged food. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding and use of nutrition labels for prepackaged food by university students in Chongqing are unsatisfactory. Student's major was a significant influencing factor in nutrition label comprehension, with medical students having the greatest understanding. Based on these results, we suggest that nutrition and health courses should be popularized among non-medical students to narrow the differences between different fields of study. For university students in all fields of study, education and publicity of nutrition labels of prepackaged food are needed, not only in the classroom but also in daily life.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
7.
Health Res Policy Syst ; 20(1): 108, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Mexico, the inclusion of a front-of-pack label in the Official Mexican Standard 051 (NOM-051 for its Spanish acronym) has been widely discussed for years by different stakeholder groups. In 2019, the NOM-051 modification project was proposed, which included front-of-pack warning labels. To be modified, it underwent a public consultation period where stakeholders sent their comments to be reviewed and considered. The purpose of this study was to analyse the stakeholders' perspectives during the public consultation of the NOM-051 modification project. METHODS: To assess perspectives, the 795 comments available on the National Commission for Regulatory Improvement website were analysed. Identity, expectations and demands were identified from each comment using content analysis in NVivo. In addition, frequencies and percentages were obtained. RESULTS: Fifty-six percent of the comments were opposed to the NOM-051 modification project. Industry and business interest nongovernmental organizations were against it; they considered that their revenues and profits would be affected. Public interest nongovernmental organizations, academia and health professionals were in favour, stating that the changes proposed are fundamental to informing consumers and improving food choices, and an essential factor in reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Stakeholders in favour expected that eating habits would improve, and demanded that the front-of-pack warning label suggested in the modification proposal be maintained. CONCLUSIONS: The comments opposed to the NOM-051 modification project were consistent with the literature, indicating that food industry stakeholders use all possible arguments to interfere in public health policies. The main issues used by the food industry to discredit the NOM-051 modification project coincide with those used in other countries to stop public health policies and with those used by the tobacco industry to avoid market regulations. On the other hand, those in favour looked after the interests of the Mexican population.


Assuntos
Indústria Alimentícia , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Comportamento do Consumidor , Humanos , México , Obesidade , Prevalência
8.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1866, 2022 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canada proposed the implementation of mandatory front-of-pack (FOP) labelling regulations, whereby foods meeting or exceeding thresholds for nutrients-of-concern (i.e., total sugars, saturated fat, sodium) must display a 'high-in' FOP symbol (FOP). The objective of the study was to evaluate the potential implications of the proposed regulations using Canadian generic and branded food composition databases. METHODS: A generic food composition database of products consumed by Canadians, Canadian Nutrient File (CNF) 2015 (n = 3,677), and a branded food composition database of packaged foods and beverages, Food Label Information Program (FLIP) 2017 (n = 17,521), were used to evaluate the number and proportion of foods that would display a FOP symbol based on the details of the proposed FOP labelling regulations published in 2018. RESULTS: Overall, 35.5% (n = 1,306) of products in CNF 2015 and 63.9% (n = 11,193) of products in FLIP 2017 would display a FOP symbol for at least one nutrient-of-concern exceeding proposed thresholds. Soups, Combination Dishes, and Desserts categories in CNF 2015 and Combination dishes, Soups, and Meats categories in FLIP 2017 would have the highest proportion of products that would display a FOP symbol. Although displaying a FOP symbol for one nutrient was most common in both CNF 2015 (n = 992; 27.0%) and FLIP 2017 (n = 7,296, 41.6%), the number (i.e., 0-3) and type (i.e., saturated fat, sodium, total sugar) of nutrients displayed varied by food category. CONCLUSION: While the generic database, containing both packaged and unpackaged foods, revealed a low prevalence of foods that would display a FOP symbol, the branded database showed that the proposed FOP labelling regulations would identify over 60% of packaged foods with excess contents of nutrients-of-concern. Considering the high prevalence of packaged foods in Canada that would meet or exceed the thresholds of nutrients-of-concern, the proposed FOP labelling regulations should be implemented in a timely manner to help consumers easily identify foods high in nutrients-of-concern and encourage manufacturer-driven product reformulations.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Açúcares , Canadá , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo , Sódio
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231976

RESUMO

(1) Background: To prevent excessive caloric intake, a food labeling strategy is widely adopted by governments. Physical activity calorie equivalent (PACE) labels prove to be effective in reducing calorie intake. However, previous literature has mainly discussed the effect of PACE labels on consumers' purchase intention for high-calorie foods but has not analyzed whether consumers evaluate food brands negatively after inhibiting the consumers' purchase intention for high-calorie foods. Therefore, the aims of this study are to explore the negative effects of PACE labels on consumers' food brand evaluation and the underlying psychological mechanism. (2) Methods: This study manipulated the two calorie-information labeling (standard calorie label and PACE labels) in two studies, involving potato chips and chocolate products. It also adopted a prevention focus and anticipated enjoyment of food consumption variables to detect the moderation effects between consumers' promotion focus and PACE labels. (3) Results: Results show that compared with calorie labels, PACE labels have a more negative influence on consumers' food brand evaluation. Furthermore, consumers stimulated by PACE labels develop a stronger prevention focus, thereby reducing their anticipated enjoyment of food brands, and ultimately leading to lower brand evaluations. In addition, when consumers have a promotion focus before choosing food, PACE labels cannot reduce their anticipated enjoyment and food brand evaluation for food brands. (4) Conclusions: While focusing on the negative effect of PACE labels on consumers' purchase intention for high-calorie foods, it should also be noted that PACE labels have a negative effect on food brand evaluation. Therefore, food enterprises should try their best to activate consumers' promotion focus through various environmental cues, so as to avoid a double negative effect on consumers' food purchases and brand evaluations.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Ingestão de Alimentos , Ingestão de Energia , Exercício Físico , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1478-1483, 2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274617

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between the cognition of Nutrition Facts Panel and prepackaged food purchase behavior among residents in six provinces in China. Methods: Using a multi-stage sampling method, 3 002 adults aged 18-70 were selected from the western region (Sichuan), eastern region (Guangdong, Jiangsu, Beijing), central region (Henan), and northeastern region (Heilongjiang) of China from July 2020 to March 2021. Socio-demographic characteristics of participants and their cognition of Nutrition Facts Panel and prepackaged food purchase behavior were collected through questionnaire. A multivariate binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between cognition of Nutrition Facts Panel and prepackaged food purchase behavior. Results: The age of 3 002 subjects was (42.3±13.4) years, among which 63.8% (1 914) were female, 66.7% knew the Nutrition Facts Panel, 49.8% would read it when purchasing, 30.7% could understand it, and 56.6% (1 699) bought prepackaged food more than once a week. The results of multivariate analysis showed that after adjusting for relevant confounding factors, compared with the participants knowing but not reading the Nutrition Facts Panel, the group knowing and reading was more likely to buy 11 types of prepackaged food at least once a week (all P<0.05). Compared with the participants reading but not understanding the Nutrition Facts Panel, the group reading and understanding was less likely to buy 11 types of prepackaged food at least once a week (all P<0.05). Conclusion: There was a correlation between cognition of Nutrition Facts Panel and prepackaged food purchase behavior among residents.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Alimentos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Estado Nutricional , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
11.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; 73(8): 1067-1079, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273815

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the range and nutrient profile of processed alternative protein "convenience" products available in Australia from 2014 to 2021. Product data were extracted from FoodTrack™, an established database of packaged supermarket products. Eligible products were grouped into subcategories: (i) tofu products; (ii) legume products; and (iii) plant-based meats. Nutrient composition was assessed from the products' nutrition information panel. The number of alternative protein products in supermarkets more than doubled between 2014 and 2021 (+130%). On average, products were available for 2.2 years (range 1-7 years). Generally, tofu products had the highest contents of saturated fat and sodium, legume products had the highest contents of carbohydrates, sugar and fibre, and plant-based meats had the highest contents of protein and total fat (per 100 g). This study found large variation in the nutrient composition of these products, highlighting the importance of reformulation and consumer education in the future.


Assuntos
Nutrientes , Supermercados , Valor Nutritivo , Austrália , Carne , Rotulagem de Alimentos
12.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(10): e2236384, 2022 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227595

RESUMO

Importance: Fruit drinks are widely consumed by young children, and many parents mistakenly believe that these drinks are healthy, potentially due to front-of-package claims and imagery. Research is needed on the influence of this marketing and how labeling regulations could change behavior. Objective: To assess the effects of a front-of-package 100% vitamin C claim, fruit imagery, percentage juice and teaspoons of added sugar disclosures, and high-added sugar warnings on parents' choices, knowledge, and perceptions of beverages. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial was conducted May to July 2021 as a single-exposure (no follow-up) online survey of primary caregivers of children ages 0 to 5 years throughout the US. Interventions: Participants were shown no-, low-, and high-added sugar beverages and asked to choose 1 for their child. Participants were randomized to see high-added sugar beverages with 1 of 7 front-of-package conditions: (1) claim and imagery (control); (2) no claim; (3) no imagery; (4) no claim or imagery; (5) claim, imagery, and percentage juice disclosure; (6) claim, imagery, and warning; or (7) claim, imagery, warning, and teaspoons of added sugar disclosure. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were type of beverage chosen (eg, high-added sugar beverage) and resulting calories and added sugar (in grams). Secondary outcomes were fruit drink knowledge (added sugar and percent juice) and perceptions. Results: There were 5005 participants included in the final analysis (mean [SD] age, 31.5 [8.3] years; 3587 female participants [71.7%]), including 714 participants in group 1, 717 participants in group 2, 710 participants in group 3, 717 participants in group 4, 708 participants in group 5, 729 participants in group 6, and 710 participants in group 7. Compared with participants in the control group, who had a mean (standard error [SE]) of 9.4 (0.5) g of added sugar and 81.9 (1.6) kcal in chosen beverages, only participants who saw warnings with teaspoons of added sugar disclosures had significantly reduced added sugar (-1.3 g; 95% CI, -2.6 to -0.1 g [-14.2%; 95% CI, -26.7% to -1.8%]; P = .04) and calories (-5.3 kcal; 95% CI, -9.8 to -0.9 kcal [-6.5%; 95% CI, -11.8% to -1.3%]; P = .02) in selected beverages. In warning conditions (ie, 6 and 7) compared with the control group (mean [SE] 41.0% [1.8%]), the proportion of participants choosing high-added sugar beverages was significantly reduced, by 5.5 percentage points (95% CI, 0.5 to 10.5 percentage points [13.4%; 95% CI, 1.2% to 25.6%]; P = .03) and 6.4 percentage points (95% CI, 1.4 to 11.4 percentage points [15.6%; 95% CI, 3.3% to 27.8%]; P = .01), respectively. The no claim or imagery condition (4) significantly reduced the proportion of parents choosing high-added sugar beverages (-7.6 percentage points; 95% CI, -12.6 to -2.6 percentage points [-18.4%; 95% CI, -30.6% to -6.3%]; P = .003). Percentage juice disclosures did not affect beverage choice. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that added sugar warnings and prohibitions of front-of-package claims and imagery may reduce parents' purchases of high-added sugar beverages for their young children but that percentage juice disclosures may not change behavior. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04811690.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Açúcares , Adulto , Ácido Ascórbico , Bebidas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pais
13.
Washington D.C; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; 1 ed; Oct. 2022.
Monografia em Espanhol | LIPECS, MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1397939

RESUMO

En esta nota se proponen una serie de consideraciones clave para la aplicación de este tipo de políticas. Entre ellas, se destacan la necesidad de contar con instrumentos normativos que contemplen los objetivos y los resultados esperados, definiciones, mecanismos de monitoreo y evaluación, así como plazos para la puesta en práctica. Por último, se recomienda que todas las etapas de ejecución del ENPFE estén sujetas a un proceso de evaluación que dé cuenta de los resultados esperados.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Sobrepeso , Ciências da Nutrição , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Obesidade
14.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2022-10-13.
Não convencional em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56525

RESUMO

Los sistemas alimentarios actuales no logran ofrecer dietas saludables para todas las personas. Se requieren acciones que abarquen los sistemas de agricultura, alimentación, salud y medioambiente para reducir el costo de los alimentos nutritivos y aumentar la asequibilidad de la alimentación saludable. Si se transforman los sistemas alimentarios, estos pueden convertirse en una fuerza catalizadora poderosa para poner fin al hambre, la inseguridad alimentaria y la malnutrición en todas sus formas. En consecuencia, la OMS y la OPS promueven la aplicación de un paquete de medidas relativas a los sistemas alimentarios, las cuales cambian las reglas de juego, se complementan entre sí y se enfocan en mejorar la calidad nutricional de los alimentos a lo largo de la cadena de suministro de alimentos y en crear entornos alimentarios más saludables. Este resumen informativo describe cada una de estas medidas y por qué son importantes. Además, se presentan estudios de caso por países y ejemplos de compromisos SMART y soluciones innovadoras para transformar los sistemas alimentarios y ofrecer una alimentación saludable para todos y todas.


Assuntos
Sistema Digestório , Desnutrição , Dieta Saudável , Publicidade de Alimentos , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos
15.
Santiago de Chile; OPS; 2022-10-12.
Não convencional em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56520

RESUMO

Una de las políticas alimentarias y nutricionales aplicadas para abordar el incremento del sobrepeso y la obesidad en América Latina y el Caribe ha sido la normativa de etiquetado nutricional en la parte frontal del envase (ENPFE), que informa a las personas acerca del contenido nutricional de los productos alimentarios y promueve la disminución del consumo de productos con exceso de nutrientes críticos. Nueve países de América Latina y el Caribe han promulgado legislación o normativa sobre el ENPFE: cinco de ellas ya se han ejecutado y cuatro están en proceso de ejecución. Para la elaboración de esta nota se recopilaron 46 estudios o informes sobre sistemas de ENPFE empleados en América Latina y el Caribe. La revisión de la bibliografía permitió concluir que el ENPFE de advertencias es lo que más favorece la identificación fácil y correcta de productos con exceso de nutrientes críticos y la reducción de la compra de dichos productos. Asimismo, la medida no afecta el empleo ni los salarios en el sector productivo alimentario y otros sectores de la economía. En esta nota se proponen una serie de consideraciones clave para la aplicación de este tipo de políticas. Entre ellas, se destacan la necesidad de contar con instrumentos normativos que contemplen los objetivos y los resultados esperados, definiciones, mecanismos de monitoreo y evaluación, así como plazos para la puesta en práctica. Por último, se recomienda que todas las etapas de ejecución del ENPFE estén sujetas a un proceso de evaluación que dé cuenta de los resultados esperados.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Ciências da Nutrição , Sobrepeso , Obesidade , América
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231247

RESUMO

Significant reductions in the consumption of meat and dairy products are required to limit environmental damage and meet climate targets. However, individuals choosing to adopt plant-based diets still form a minority. Whilst different types of message framings have been suggested to be a potential means of encouraging the uptake of plant-based diets, recent findings have often failed to document any differences in people's willingness to reduce their consumption of animal products based on whether messages emphasize the health or environmental benefits of plant-based diets. This research examined whether individual wellbeing might interact with health versus environmental message frames to determine people's liking and willingness to pay for plant-based products. Across two experiments with a university (Study 1) and a non-student, adult sample (Study 2), participants were exposed to different hypothetical labels for plant-based foods and asked to rate their liking and willingness to pay for each. In line with existing findings, results demonstrated a trend whereby showing health (versus environmental) information on food labels did not in itself influence participants perceptions of the food products. Higher levels of positive wellbeing were associated with greater liking and willingness to pay for the plant-based foods (B values ranging from 0.04 to 0.45). Further, there was an interaction effect whereby levels of negative affect were differentially linked to liking and willingness to pay across the health and environmental framing conditions (B values ranging from 0.03 to 0.38). In particular, negative affect appears to have a greater negative impact on the product liking and willingness to pay when environmental label framings are used. This effect was most pronounced for the product liking dependent variable (B = -0.29 in the environmental framing condition). This research therefore extends understandings of the more specific instances in which message framings can impact perceptions of plant-based foods. The implications of the findings for understanding how best to promote uptake of plant-based diets are discussed.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Preferências Alimentares , Animais , Dieta , Emoções
17.
Nutrients ; 14(18)2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36145062

RESUMO

In light of the fact that increasing consumer emphasis is being placed on the concepts of safety, health, and environmental protection, and that consumer groups are now attentive to the issues of "greenism" and sustainable development, the certification label has become an important tool. This study explores individual needs from the perspective of food "clean label" certification, highlighting that the importance of general food certification to consumers is different from the previous literature that only focused on the impact of organic labeling, nutrition labeling, and food safety certification on consumer behavior. In this study, the consumer purchase intention for the use of the "clean label" and its influencing factors are discussed, using product knowledge and involvement as the independent variables. The target is the consumer who has experience with "clean label" products. This study employs snowball sampling. A formal questionnaire was sent to 292 participants. After eliminating the invalid samples, we retained 265 valid questionnaires for the analysis (a valid response rate of 90.75%). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to test the research hypotheses. The results indicated that: (1) consumers' involvement with "clean label products significantly influences their purchase intention; and (2) consumers' product knowledge of "clean label" products significantly influences their purchase intention and involvement. Based on these results, enhancing consumers' knowledge of food security is suggested. Furthermore, the findings provide crucial insights for marketing channels, suggesting that the food industry can target consumer confidence over certification labeling and "clean label" products as keys to purchase intention, and to attract business by developing practical marketing strategies.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Intenção , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Humanos , Taiwan
18.
Nutrients ; 14(18)2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36145108

RESUMO

Nutrition labels on food packages are designed to assist consumers in making healthy decisions. Based on the model of a dual-process system, the current study examined how people might be affected by nutrition labels and consuming contexts when making choices about healthy foods. Using four types of nutrition labels (i.e., the NuVal label, 5-Color nutrition label, traffic light label, and daily value label), participants were instructed to choose the healthier foods with or without time constraints in two experiments. In Experiment 1, participants were presented with pairs of foods accompanied by the same type of nutrition labels to measure the efficiency of their health evaluation. In Experiment 2, two types of labels with inconsistent nutritional information were presented to participants simultaneously to measure their preference regarding the nutrition labels. Findings of the current study support the notion that the traffic light label is advantageous in terms of both the efficiency of, and preferences regarding, nutrition judgment, especially with time constraints. When there was only one type of nutrition label, participants made decisions fastest and most accurately when observing the NuVal label, regardless of time constraints. Overall, the reliable interactions between the time constraints and patterns of nutrition labels have theoretical implications for the appeal-based heuristics and rational-based processing when making health-related food decisions.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Preferências Alimentares , Comportamento de Escolha , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Valor Nutritivo
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36141633

RESUMO

An unhealthy diet is an important risk factor for disability and premature death. This study aimed to assess nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, and food label use among adults in Poland as well as to identify factors associated with diet-related behaviors. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in July 2020 on a non-probability quota-based sample of 1070 adult citizens of Poland. The most common sources of nutrition knowledge were news websites (41.8%) or family/friends (32.4%). Over one-quarter of adults in Poland were on a diet (28.7%). Over one-tenth of respondents (11.9%) consumed less than three meals per day. Half of the respondents (50.3%) declared that they use food labels when shopping, and 15.4% checked the nutrition information on restaurant menus. Female gender (OR:1.70; 95%CI:1.26-2.29; p < 0.001), presence of chronic diseases (OR:1.83; 95%CI:1.37-2.44; p < 0.001), regular physical activity (p < 0.001), and being a non-smoker (OR:1.45; 95%CI:1.02-2.06; p = 0.04) were significantly associated with higher odds of being on a diet. Females (OR:1.63; 95%CI:1.24-2.15; p < 0.001), respondents with higher education (OR:1.53; 95%CI:1.17-2.01; p = 0.002), those who had never been married (OR:1.49; 95%CI:1.07-2.07; p = 0.02), respondents with chronic diseases (OR:1.73; 95%CI:1.30-2.31; p < 0.001), those with regular physical activity (p < 0.05), as well as non-smokers (OR:1.42; 95%CI:1.04-1.95; p = 0.03) had higher odds of checking the food labels. This study showed a significant gap in nutrition knowledge among adults in Poland.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Polônia
20.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079769

RESUMO

In May 2020, the European Commission announced a proposal for a mandatory front-of-pack label (FoPL) for all European Union (EU) countries. Indeed, FoPLs have been recognized by several public institutions as a cost-effective measure to guide consumers toward nutritionally favorable food products. The aim of this study was to compare the performance and consumer preference of two FoPLs currently proposed or implemented in EU countries, the interpretive format Nutri-Score and the non-interpretive format NutrInform Battery, among Italian consumers. The experimental study was conducted in 2021 on a representative sample of 1064 Italian adults (mean age = 46.5 ± 14.1 years; 48% men). Participants were randomized to either Nutri-Score or NutrInform and had to fill out an online questionnaire testing their objective understanding of the FoPL on three food categories (breakfast products, breakfast cereals and added fats) as well as purchase intention, subjective understanding and perception. Multivariable logistic regressions and t-tests were used to analyze the answers. In terms of the capacity of participants to identify the most nutritionally favorable products, Nutri-Score outperformed NutrInform in all food categories, with the highest odds ratio being observed for added fats (OR = 21.7 [15.3-31.1], p < 0.0001). Overall, with Nutri-Score, Italian participants were more likely to intend to purchase nutritionally favorable products than with NutrInform (OR = 5.29 [4.02-6.97], p < 0.0001). Focusing on olive oil, participants of the Nutri-Score group had higher purchase intention of olive oil compared to those in the NutrInform group (OR = 1.92 [1.42-2.60], p < 0.0001) after manipulating the label. The interpretive format Nutri-Score appears to be a more efficient tool than NutrInform for orienting Italian consumers towards more nutritionally favorable food choices.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Adulto , Desjejum , Comportamento de Escolha , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Nutritivo , Azeite de Oliva
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