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1.
Angiology ; 71(2): 160-166, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722547

RESUMO

Little is known about the association between lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels and future ischemic cardiovascular events in patients with premature acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A total of 1464 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography for premature ACS (males <45 years and females <55 years) were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into quartiles according to serum Lp(a) levels (Q1: ≤11.1 nmol/L; Q2: 11.1-27.7 nmol/L; Q3: 27.7-79.3 nmol/L; and Q4: >79.3 nmol/L). Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) increased with Lp(a) quartiles after 2-year follow-up (among quartiles, respectively; P = .001). Kaplan-Meier curves revealed significant differences in event-free survival rates among Lp(a) quartile groups (P = .001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that serum Lp(a) level was an independent predictor of MACE either as a continuous variable (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.002, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.001-1.004; P = .009) or as a categorical variable (HR: 1.443, 95% CI: 1.074-1.937; P = .015). Furthermore, Lp(a) levels (as a variable) significantly improved the prognostic value for MACE. These findings suggest that Lp(a) measurement has value for cardiovascular risk stratification in patients with premature ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Undersea Hyperb Med ; 46(5): 633-634, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683361

RESUMO

A 54-year-old man suffered a leg cramp while diving in the ocean at a depth of 20 meters. He began to surface, with his ascent based on a decompression table. He lost consciousness at the surface and was rescued by a nearby boat. The boat staff judged him to be in cardiac arrest, so they performed chest compressions. When the boat reached port where an ambulance was waiting, emergency medical technicians confirmed that the patient was in cardiac arrest; his initial rhythm was asystole. Treated with basic life support, the patient was then transported to a rendezvous point, where a physician-staffed helicopter waited. The patient remained in cardiac arrest, so the staff of the helicopter performed tracheal intubation with mechanical ventilation, securing a venous route, infusion of adrenaline, and mechanical chest compression. On arrival at our hospital 100 minutes after collapse, he remained in cardiac arrest. Continued advanced cardiac life support failed to obtain spontaneous circulation. Whole-body computed tomography (CT) at 120 minutes after the collapse showed multiple gas bubbles in the heart, aorta, inferior vena cava, cerebral artery, coronary artery and portal vein with lung edema. This is the first case to show gas in the bilateral coronary arteries on CT. The present case clearly demonstrates that decompression sickness can also induce acute coronary syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Descompressão/complicações , Embolia Aérea/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Mergulho/efeitos adversos , Embolia Aérea/etiologia , Evolução Fatal , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
4.
Orv Hetil ; 160(43): 1711-1713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630552

RESUMO

A 42-year-old man is presented with acute coronary syndrome and De Winter ECG sign. The De Winter sign is a rare ECG manifestation of proximal LAD occlusion. The ECG sign was misinterpreted and the patient was transmitted to our percutan coronaria intervention centrum with 3 hours delay. The hyperacute T-waves and the precordial ST-depressions disappeared, but the biomarkers showed a marked elevation. Coronary angiography revealed LAD proximal thrombotic dissection treated with a drug-eluting stent. The authors suggest that in patients with this ECG pattern the immediate coronary intervention is the best treatment. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(43): 1711-1713.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Adulto , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(9): 603-606, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the recent introduction of high-sensitivity troponin (hsTn), the incremental benefit of stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in the evaluation of patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the added value of stress MPI in low-risk ACS patients with normal range hsTnI. METHODS: We analyzed all patients who were hospitalized at our medical center from February 2016 to November 2017, who presented with low-risk ACS and underwent stress MPI, and in whom hsTnI was in the normal range after the introduction of hsTnI. RESULTS: During the study period, 161 patients were admitted with a diagnosis of unstable angina (i.e., ACS with normal range hsTnI) and underwent stress MPI during index admission. The study population included 52/161 patients (31.7%) with low-risk ACS who had no indication for initial invasive strategy. No patients had positive MPI. One patient underwent coronary angiography due to suggestive history; however, he did not have a significant coronary artery disease and had no indication for percutaneous coronary intervention. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with low-risk ACS and normal range hsTnI without additional high-risk features, stress MPI has little additional value for the correct diagnosis and management. Prospective studies are warranted to confirm whether resting hsTnI could serve as a powerful triage tool in chest pain patients in the ED before diagnostic testing and thus, improve patient management.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Troponina/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
6.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1022-1029, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484858

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may increase contrast volume. However, the impact of OCT-guided PCI on the decline in kidney function (DKF) in actual clinical practice remains unclear.Among 1,003 consecutive patients who underwent either OCT-guided or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI in our institute, we identified 202 propensity score-matched pairs adjusted by baseline factors. The incidence of DKF was compared between the OCT-guided PCI group and the IVUS-guided PCI group. DKF was defined as an increase in serum creatinine level of ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of ≥ 25% over baseline within 48 hours (acute DKF) or 1 month (sustained DKF) after PCI.Baseline characteristics, including the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (54% versus 46%, P = 0.09), were comparable between the OCT- and IVUS-guided PCI groups except for the age. The contrast volume was comparable between the two groups (153 ± 56 versus 144 ± 60 mL, P = 0.09), although it was significantly greater in the OCT-guided PCI group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; 175 ± 55 versus 159 ± 43 mL, P = 0.04). The incidence of acute DKF (0.5% versus 2.5%, P = 0.22) and sustained DKF (5.0% versus 10.4%, P = 0.31) was comparable between the two groups. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that ACS (odds ratio 4.74, 95% confidence interval 2.72-8.25, P < 0.001) was a predictor of sustained DKF.Compared with IVUS-guided PCI, OCT-guided PCI did not increase the incidence of DKF in actual clinical practice, although the increased contrast volume was observed in ACS cases.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1043-1049, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484867

RESUMO

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the major cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The relationship between the findings from the study of coronary images and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) interval is still unknown. Hence, we investigated this relationship in ACS patients with OHCA.A cohort of 2779 patients was admitted to our emergency center due to cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) between April 2011 and March 2015. We included ACS patients who had CPA with ventricular fibrillation (VF) as an initial rhythm, were successfully resuscitated, underwent coronary angiography (CAG), had a culprit lesion, and were diagnosed with ACS (n = 58; age, 63.7 ± 12.0 years; 93.1% male).We divided the 58 patients into two groups, an early ROSC group (ROSC ≤ 20 minutes: E-ROSC) and a late ROSC group (ROSC > 20 minutes: L-ROSC), and then analyzed their characteristics.The finding of a collateral artery for the culprit lesion location, Rentrop II-III, and TIMI III flow on CAG on arrival presented no significant differences between the two groups (Rentrop II-III: 25.0% versus 23.5%, P = 0.90; TIMI III: 33.3% versus 35.3%, P = 0.88). The incidence of multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD) was lower in the E-ROSC group than in the L-ROSC group (16.7% versus 58.8%, P = 0.001).Collateral and TIMI flow were not associated with ease of resuscitation, but MVD may have a negative impact on resuscitation, especially in VF patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Clin Biochem ; 74: 12-18, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493378

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the association between plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) concentrations, current acute coronary syndrome (ACS), coronary artery disease (CAD) presence, severity and extension and the burden of coronary calcifications in patients with suspected CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and one patients, with or without current ACS, were recruited for this cross-sectional study. CAD presence was defined based on either the presence or absence of at least one significant (≥50%) CAD lesion (SCAD). CAD severity was classified according to the absence of coronary lesions, the presence of non-significant (<50%) CAD (MCAD) or SCAD in at least one major coronary artery. Patients with one, two or three significantly diseased major coronary arteries were defined as 1-SCAD, 2-SCAD and 3-SCAD, respectively. The cumulative length of SCAD lesions and the amount of calcifications in coronary arteries were estimated. Plasma PCSK9 concentrations were higher in patients with SCAD as compared to those without (p = .012). A significant increase in plasma PCSK9 concentrations was observed with greater CAD severity (p = .042). Higher plasma PCSK9 concentrations were found in 3-SCAD patients as compared to either 2-SCAD or 1-SCAD (p < .001). PCSK9 increased with the cumulative length of SCAD lesions and the burden of calcifications (p < .05 for both comparisons). Multivariable adjustment abolished the association between PCSK9 and either CAD presence or severity, but not the association between PCSK9 and the number of significantly diseased vessels, SCAD lesion length and the burden of coronary calcifications. ACS was associated with a borderline significant increase of plasma PCSK9 concentrations among patients not taking statins (p = .05). CONCLUSION: Circulating PCSK9 concentrations discriminate patients with greater coronary atherosclerotic lesion extension and calcification, and are increased in patients with current ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aterosclerose/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Troponina I/sangue , Calcificação Vascular , Função Ventricular Esquerda
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16801, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is acute renal failure observed after administration of iodinated contrast media during angiographic or other medical procedures. In recent years, many studies have focused on biomarkers that recognize CIN and/or predict its development in advance. One of the many biomarkers studied is the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation between PLR level and CIN. METHODS: Relevant studies were searched in PUBMED, EMBASE, and Web of Science until September 15, 2018. Case-control studies reporting admission PLR levels in CIN and non-CIN group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were included. The pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated to assess the association between PLR level and CIN using a random-effect model. RESULTS: Six relevant studies involving a total of 10452 ACS patients (9720 non-CIN controls and 732 CIN patients) met our inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis of 6 case-control studies showed that PLR levels were significantly higher in CIN group than those in non-CIN group (WMD = 33.343, 95%CI = 18.863 to 47.823, P < .001, I = 88.0%). CONCLUSION: For patients with ACS after contrast administration, our meta-analysis shows that on-admission PLR levels in CIN group are significantly higher than those of non-CIN group. However, large and matched cohort studies are needed to validate these findings and assess whether there is a real connection or just an association.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
10.
Clin Biochem ; 73: 62-69, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth Differentiation Factor-15 (GDF-15) predicts death and cardiovascular events in acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We aimed to assess the long-term prognostic value of GDF-15 in ACS. METHODS: We included 358 patients with ACS who underwent coronary angiography. Plasma GDF-15 was measured and clinical data and long-term events were registered. Incremental value of GDF-15 for prognosing all-cause death above a clinical model including GRACE score, left ventricular ejection fraction <40%, prior myocardial infarction and age was assessed. RESULTS: GDF-15 concentrations >1800 ng/L were associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. During 6.5 years of follow-up 56 patients died, 7 had values of GDF-15 < 1200 ng/L, 7 between 1200 and 1800 ng/L and 42 > 1800 ng/L. After adjustment for potential confounders, GDF-15 > 1800 ng/L were independently associated with all-cause death (HR 4.09; 95% CI 1.57-10.71; p = .004) and the composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (HR 2.48; 95% CI 1.41-4.34; p = .001). For long-term all-cause death a significant increase of ROC curve was seen after addition of GDF-15 to a clinical model 0.876 (95% CI 0.823-0.928; p = .014). Same improvements were found for net reclassification improvement (0.776; 95% CI 0.494-1.037; p < .001) and integrated discrimination improvement (0.112; 95% CI 0.055-0.169; p < .001). Multivariate competing risk model showed a significant association between GDF-15 > 1800 ng/L and the incidence of heart failure but not of myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of ACS, GDF-15 is associated with long-term all-cause death, MACE and heart failure and provides incremental prognostic value beyond traditional risks factor.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 20(8): 525-530, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260420

RESUMO

AIM: Differences exist in the diagnosis and treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) between men and women. However, recent advancements in the management of ACSs might have attenuated this sex gap. We evaluated the status of ACS management in a multicenter registry in 10 tertiary Spanish hospitals. METHODS: We enrolled 1056 patients in our study, including only those with type 1 myocardial infarctions or unstable angina presumably not related to a secondary cause in an 'all-comers' design. RESULTS: The women enrolled (29%) were older than men (71.0 ±â€Š12.8 vs. 64.0 ±â€Š12.3, P = 0.001), with a higher prevalence of hypertension (71.0 vs. 56.5%, P < 0.001), insulin-treated diabetes (13.7 vs. 7.9%, P = 0.003), dyslipidemia (62.2 vs. 55.3%, P = 0.038), and chronic kidney disease (16.9 vs. 9.1%, P = 0.001). Women presented more frequently with back or arm pain radiation (57.3 vs. 49.7%, P = 0.025), palpitations (5.9 vs. 2.0%, P = 0.001), or dyspnea (33.0 vs. 19.4%, P = 0.001). ACS without significant coronary stenosis was more prevalent in women (16.8 vs. 8.1%, P = 0.001). There were no differences in percutaneous revascularization rates, but drug-eluting stents were less frequently employed in women (75.4 vs. 67.8%, P = 0.024); women were less often referred to a cardiac rehabilitation program (19.9 vs. 33.9%, P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in in-hospital complications such as thrombosis or bleeding. CONCLUSION: ACS presenting with atypical symptoms and without significant coronary artery stenosis is more frequent in women. Selection of either an invasive procedure or conservative management is not influenced by sex. Cardiac rehabilitation referral on discharge is underused, especially in women.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angina Instável/terapia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/diagnóstico por imagem , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 47(5): 406-409, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311899

RESUMO

Angiography is still the workhorse imaging approach for the vast majority of percutaneous coronary revascularization (PCR) cases. However, the limitations of angiographic guidance for coronary procedures have been well established. This case report demonstrates how 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D OCT) can change the treatment strategy, which, had only the angiography results been considered, seemed to be straightforward. A 67-year-old male patient presented with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. A coronary angiogram revealed a tight lesion of the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD). Angiographically, the vessel ostium appeared not to be involved. To clarify the disease border and determine the right stenting strategy, 3D OCT was performed. Measurements revealed heavy disease of the LAD, ranging from the ostium to the left main coronary artery (LMCA). It was decided to proceed with a provisional stenting strategy of the LMCA and the LAD. After postdilatation, the angiography revealed a good result for the LAD, but significant pinching of the ostium of the LCx. The kissing balloon technique was then applied at the LAD/LCx bifurcation. The final OCT examination documented a well-expanded stent without areas of malapposition and an open LCx ostium without significant narrowing. Intracoronary images obtained using OCT add significant information to what is provided by angiography alone, thereby improving the interpretation of angiographic images and the planning of the PCR procedure.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Masculino
14.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 104, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223394

RESUMO

Introduction: acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) have been increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. Coronary angiography data have been rarely reported. This study aims to investigate coronary lesions observed in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in Abidjan. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2014. All patients with ACS admitted to the Abidjan Heart Institute and undergoing coronary angiography during the study period were included. Two hundred and fifty-six patients were selected. We investigated and compared coronary lesions in patients with ACS associated with persistent ST-segment elevation (ACS ST+) and in those with ACS without ST-segment elevation (ACS ST-). Results: the average age of patients was 53.2 ± 10.8 years; there was a male predominance, with a sex ratio of 6.1. Abnormal coronary angiography rate was significantly higher in the STEMI group (95.4% and 64.2% respectively, p < 0.001). Three hundred and four coronary lesions were found in the STEMI group against 43 in the NSTE-ACS group. Stenotic lesions were predominantly one-vessel disease (45.3%) in the STEMI group and two or three-vessel disease in the NSTE-ACS group (68.0%). Type B1 lesions were more common in the NSTE-ACS group (62.8% versus 36.5%, p = 0.002). The most complex type C lesions were more commonly found in the STEMI group (17.8%), with no significant difference. The majority of patients had SYNTAX score less than 22, whatever the type of ACS (87.4% in the STEMI group and 90.1% in the NSTE-ACS group). Conclusion: coronary lesions in the patients group with STEMI were predominantly one-vessel disease and they were more diffuse in the NSTE-ACS group, but with a higher proportion of angiographically normal coronary arteries. The management of patients with these lesions is based in the majority of cases on coronary angioplasty.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Costa do Marfim/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia
15.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(2): 382-388, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086155

RESUMO

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the leading causes of death throughout the world and obesity especially visceral adiposity is one of the important concerns globally due to its huge impact on coronary artery disease particularly on ACS. There are several traditional methods like BMI, WC, WHR, WHtR etc. but none of these can measure visceral fat accurately. In this regard visceral adiposity index (VAI) is a novel sex specific index which has significant correlation with visceral adiposity and can express the distribution as well as function of visceral fat precisely. This cross sectional study was done in the Cardiology Department of National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh from August 2015 to July 2016 to compare the VAI with other adiposity indices for clinical and coronary angiographic severity assessment in patients with acute coronary syndrome. A total of 200 patients (Case 100 patients of ACS and Control 100 patients of non ACS) were included. Afterward clinical, biochemical, echocardiographic and coronary artery angiographic indexes determined by Gensini score were acquired. Adiposity indices like BMI, Waist and Hip circumference, Waist Hip and Waist Height ratio (WHR, WHtR) and finally VAI were calculated using appropriate formula. Patient with ACS had more severe form of clinical features like severe chest pain & shortness of breath (p=0.001), pulse, BP, abnormal precordial findings, BMI, WC, WHR, WHtR, HC, VAI (p=0.001) and angiographic severity (p=0.001) than non ACS group. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis for clinical and coronary angiographic severity assessment (GS>36) by adiposity indices showed VAI was the better predictor of clinical and coronary angiographic severity assessment with OR's being 5.61 than others. An ROC curve was plotted for each adiposity indices for clinical and coronary angiographic severity assessment showed VAI to have the maximal AUC. A VAI of OR-5.61 was provided as the cutoff value which had a sensitivity of 73.3% and specificity of 76.6% (AUROC=0.839, CI-0.760-0.918, p<0.001) which indicates better than other adiposity indices in patients under study. VAI is an excellent, simple, noninvasive tool to detect the visceral adipose mass & was markedly associated with the clinical and coronary angiographic severity assessment in patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Adiposidade , Angiografia Coronária , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/patologia , Obesidade Abdominal/patologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Circunferência da Cintura
16.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(10): 1811-1821, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093895

RESUMO

No-reflow (NR) is one of the major complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We aim to assess the value of multilayer longitudinal strain parameter to predict NR in patients with NSTEMI and preserved ejection fraction. 230 consecutive patients who were admitted to the emergency department and diagnosed with NSTEMI were prospectively included in this study. Echocardiography was performed 1 h before angiography. Specific analysis for endocardial, mid-myocardial and epicardial layers were performed by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) for multilayer longitudinal strain. NR was described as flow grade of ≤ TIMI 2 when mechanical occlusions like dissection, intimal tear, arterial spasm and thromboembolism during angiography were excluded. 49 of 168 patients admitted to the study had NR. No significant differences were observed between the groups regarding age and gender. Multilayer longitudinal strain imaging (endocard, midmyocard and epicard) revealed lower strain values particularly in endocardial layer in patients with NR (GLS-endocard: - 14.14 ± 1.39/- 17.41 ± 2.34, p < 0.001; GLS-midmyocard: - 14.81 ± 1.40/17.81 ± 2.22, p < 0.001; GLS-epicard: - 16.14 ± 1.38/18.22 ± 2.00, p < 0.001). GLS-endocard, GLS-midmyocard, GLS-epicard and ST depression were found to be statistically significant independents parameters respectively to predict NR phenomenon (GLS-endocard: OR: 2.193, p < 0.001; GLS-midmyocard: OR: 1.510, p: 0.016; GLS-epicard: OR: 1.372, p: 0.035; ST depression: OR: 3.694, p: 0.014). We revealed that left ventricular strain study with speckle tracking echocardiography predicts NR formation. This noninvasive method may be useful for detecting NR formation in patients with NSTEMI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/diagnóstico por imagem , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 31(2): 151-155, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing affection of younger patients with ischemic heart disease is an enhanced concern in developing Asian nations. This study elaborates the morphology and distribution of coronary lesions in young Asians presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients (aged ≤35 years) with (ACS) undergoing angiography were studied. Their angiographic disease was analysed to determine the common sites, severity and types (AHA and SCAI) of lesions. The association of LV dysfunction with lesion parameters was identified. Patients with cocaine or other drug abuse and valvular heart disease were excluded. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-one patients aged 16-35 (31.4±3.5) years were studied with predominant males (195, i.e., 88.2%). On angiography 51 (23.1%) patients showed normal coronaries while 108(48.9%) had single, 48 (21.7%) had double and 14 (6.3%) had multivessel disease. On the whole, involvement of left anterior descending artery (LAD) either singly or in combination with other vessels was seen in 146 (66%), right coronary artery (RCA) in 56 (25.3%), left circumflex (LCX) in 43 (19.5%) and left main stem in 06 (2.7%) of total patients. Regarding lesion characteristics, tight lesions (45.4%), AHA type-A (47.8%) and SCAI-I (70.1%) lesions were common. The mid segment was commonly involved in LAD and LCX while proximal segment in RCA. Severe LV dysfunction was associated with presence of LAD disease. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary angiograms can be normal in up to one fourth of young ACS patients. Others show a predominance of LAD artery involvement with morphologically simple lesions.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Infarto do Miocárdio , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia Coronária , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(652): 1060-1066, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116520

RESUMO

This article aims to clarify the value of cardiac CT as well as its new applications in the different areas of cardiology for both diagnosis and pretreatment evaluation, including stable coronary artery disease, acute coronary syndrome, valvular disease and the functional and morphological evaluation of the heart.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiologia/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 99, 2019 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The value of atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) as a predictive biomarker for coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. In addition, whether AIP is associated with the risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in very young adults has not been well established. METHODS: We consecutively collected very young adults (≤35 years of age) undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) at Anzhen Hospital, between January 2008 and December 2017. Total of 1, 478 very young participants, including 1, 059 ACS patients and 419 non-CAD subjects, were enrolled in the present study. RESULTS: Very young patients with ACS had higher AIP level compared with non-CAD participants (0.35 ± 0.30 vs 0.21 ± 0.33, P < 0.001). According to Gensini Score (GS) and number of lesion vessel, patients were divided into four groups, respectively. With the elevated GS score and number of lesion vessels, the AIP level increased gradually (Pfor trend all< 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analyses suggested that AIP remained to be independently associated with the presence of ACS and was superior to traditional lipid profiles (for AIP, OR = 2.930, 95% CI = 1.855-4.627, P < 0.001; for total cholesterol, OR = 1.152, 95% CI = 1.048-1.266, P = 0.003; for triglyceride, OR = 1.078, 95% CI = 0.991-1.172, P = 0.079; for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, OR = 1.046, 95% CI = 1.015-1.078, P < 0.001), after adjustment for other traditional confounders. Moreover, the prevalence of ACS, acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris and the value of GS were also elevated as AIP quartiles increased (Pfor trend < 0.001). Subgroup analysis based on gender revealed that AIP was only independently associated with the ACS risk in male. CONCLUSIONS: AIP was independently associated with the presence and severity of ACS in very young patients in a gender-dependent manner, which might be superior to traditional lipid profiles.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Angina Instável/sangue , Aterosclerose/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Angina Instável/diagnóstico por imagem , Angina Instável/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue
20.
Herz ; 44(3): 267-286, 2019 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020335

RESUMO

Echocardiography is a non-invasive, versatile imaging modality for the diagnostics and monitoring of life-threatening cardiac diseases. This article summarizes the currently valid recommendations on emergency echocardiography of the German Cardiac Society and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging and provides practical guidance for their implementation in emergency medicine. Echocardiography is especially important for the diagnostics of acute coronary syndrome and its potential complications, of pulmonary embolism and endocarditis as well as the differential diagnosis of patients in shock and in emergencies. A domain of increasing importance in echocardiography is the treatment monitoring of patients supported by modern cardiac assist devices.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Ecocardiografia , Embolia Pulmonar , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Emergências , Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem
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