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1.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(734): 751-753, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852211

RESUMO

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder associating persistent communication and social interaction deficits with behaviors, interests or activities of a restricted and repetitive nature. The etiology of ASD is not yet fully understood but appears to be multifactorial, including both genetic and environmental factors. The concept of autism underwent a major evolution before arriving at the current definition in DSM-5. The diagnosis has two parts: a categorical from cut-off and differential diagnosis established from a specification of the category by dimensional variables (intelligence, language, associated diseases, adaptation). These two parts (categorical diagnosis and specifiers) are complementary but pose a certain number of practical problems in establishing the diagnosis in adulthood.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Deficiência Intelectual , Adulto , Síndrome de Asperger/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Asperger/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Humanos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333991

RESUMO

Social campaigns are carried out to promote autism spectrum disorder (ASD) awareness, normalization, and visibility. The internet helps to shape perceptions of Asperger syndrome and autism. In fact, these campaigns often coincide with the increase in searches for both diagnoses on Google. We have two study objectives: to use Google Trends to identify the annual time points from 2015 to 2019 with the highest Google search traffic in Spain for the terms "autism" and "Asperger", and to identify news and trending topics related to ASD that took place during the weeks with the highest number of Google searches for these terms. Google Trend, MyNews and Trendinalia were used to analyze the volume of searches and trending topics related to ASD. As a result, social marketing campaigns, social networks and the publication of news items act as powerful voices that can provide a realistic or sensationalist picture of the disorder. For this reason, we concluded that campaigns play an important role in the normalization of ASD, and that it is important for organizations concerned with the visibility and social inclusion of people with ASD to check the way ASD is portrayed through the internet, media, and social networks.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Síndrome de Asperger/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internet , Espanha/epidemiologia
4.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(4): 127-133, 16 ago., 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195460

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: En la mayoría de los niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) aparecen dificultades asociadas que, aunque no se incluyen en los criterios diagnósticos, podrían tener impacto sobre la calidad de vida familiar. La bibliografía ha mostrado algunas relaciones entre estas variables y la calidad de vida familiar, aunque los resultados no son concluyentes. OBJETIVO: Examinar el papel de la conducta adaptativa (incluyendo síntomas emocionales, problemas de conducta, hiperactividad/falta de atención, problemas de relaciones entre compañeros y comportamiento prosocial) en niños con TEA y con desarrollo típico, y su posible impacto sobre la calidad de vida familiar. SUJETOS Y MÉTODOS: Veinticuatro familias de niños con TEA (nivel 1 de apoyo) y 25 familias de niños con desarrollo típico con edades comprendidas entre 6 y 13 años. Se ha igualado el síndrome de Asperger (según el DSM-IV-TR) con el TEA con nivel 1 de apoyo (según el DSM-5). Se han evaluado la inteligencia, el vocabulario, la conducta adaptativa y la calidad de vida familiar. RESULTADOS: Se han encontrado diferencias significativas en las variables relacionadas con la conducta adaptativa y en algunos de los componentes de la calidad de vida familiar (interacción familiar, bienestar físico y emocional). En el modelo de regresión, presentar unos mejores niveles de conducta prosocial y el grupo aparecieron como los principales predictores de la satisfacción percibida en la calidad de vida familiar. CONCLUSIÓN: Es importante atender a las dificultades en la conducta prosocial en el TEA, dado su potencial efecto protector sobre la calidad de vida familiar


INTRODUCTION: In most children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), other difficulties that do not fall within the diagnostic criteria arose, and could have an impact on family quality of life. Previous research has shown several relationships among these variables and family quality of life, however results are contradictories. AIM: To examine the role of psychological adaptation (including emotional symptoms, behavioral problems, hyperactivity, problems with peers, and prosocial behavior) in children with ASD and typical development, and its impact on family quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four families of children with ASD (level 1 of support) and 25 families of children with typical development between 6 and 13 years old. We have considered diagnosis of Asperger syndrome (following DSM-IV-TR) with ASD-level 1 of support (following DSM-5). We have evaluated intelligence, vocabulary, adaptive behavior, and family quality of life. RESULTS: We have found significant differences in those variables related to psychological adaptation, and in some components of the family quality of life (family interaction, physical and emotional wellbeing). In our regression model, prosocial behaviors and the group were the main predictors of satisfaction on family quality of life. CONCLUSION. It is important to pay attention to the prosocial behaviors in ASD due to its potential protective effect


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Síndrome de Asperger/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Testes de Linguagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Testes de Inteligência , Análise de Variância
5.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 48(4): 289-302, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614279

RESUMO

Autism spectrum symptoms in children with congenital blindness Abstract. Objective: Previous studies reported increased rates of autistic symptoms in children with impaired visual abilities (IV). However, the application of existing screening questionnaires for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) proved problematic, as intact visual abilities are typically required. The current study examines the general applicability of three autism-screening questionnaires in children with congenital blindness. Methods: Autistic symptoms were assessed in 15 children with congenital blindness, 15 children with ASD (without IV), and 20 typically developing controls (aged from 8 to 14 years), using the Social Communication Questionnaire, the Marburg Rating Scale for Asperger's Syndrome, and the Social Responsiveness Scale. Results: Items assessing motor, mimic/gesture-related, or joint attention deficits were identified as highly prevalent in children with congenital blindness. These children scored, in general, higher on ASD-screening questionnaires than typically developing controls but lower than sighted children with ASD. Depending on the screening questionnaire used, between 23 % and 67 % of the sample with congenital blindness reached clinical cutoff scores for ASD. SRS total score was negatively correlated to cognitive empathy and verbal IQ in those children. Conclusions: Mothers of children with congenital blindness reported increased autistic symptoms in ASD-screening questionnaires. ASD and IV might share a broad range of symptoms. Future development and validation of screening instruments specifically adapted to the needs of persons with impaired visual abilities seem necessary.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações , Cegueira/congênito , Cegueira/complicações , Adolescente , Síndrome de Asperger/complicações , Síndrome de Asperger/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Cegueira/diagnóstico , Cegueira/psicologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 2(28): 89-99, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128235

RESUMO

Introdução: o transtorno do espectro autista, por vezes denominado como transtornos invasivos do desenvolvimento, apresenta características clínicas centrais que incluem déficits qualitativos na interação social e na comunicação, padrões de comportamento repetitivos e estereotipados e um repertório limitado de interesses e atividades. Esse transtorno geralmente está associado ao transtorno do desenvolvimento da coordenação. Objetivo: verificar evidências científicas do impacto do exercício físico no tratamento do indivíduo portador do transtorno do espectro autista, inclusive quanto à coordenação motora e desenvolvimento cognitivo. Métodos: foram realizadas buscas nas bases de dados pubmed, lilacs, scielo e pedro sem restrição de idiomas ou localização e tempo até maio de 2019. A pesquisa foi realizada na base de dados com descritores selecionados a partir do dicionário descritores em ciências da saúde (decs) medical subject heading terms (mesh)[(autistic disorder) and (asperger syndrome) and (exercise) and (cognition)], tendo como critério de inclusão o fato de tratarem-se de estudos com o uso de exercício físico. Foi verificada a qualidade metodológica dos artigos incluídos através do protocolo modificado de pithon. Resultados: foram identificados 655 artigos, dos quais soment e 7 cumpriram os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos. Cada um dos estudos retratou abordagens distintas dos exercícios físicos, sendo aeróbios, de força, aquáticos, ou com uso de tecnologias. A quantidade e duração das sessões dos exercícios variaram de estudo para estudo. Conclusão: os programas de exercícios físicos trazem benefícios em diversos aspectos dos pacientes. Os programas de exercícios no meio aquático aparentemente se mostraram os mais eficazes. Abre-se, assim, uma lacuna na literatura para novos estudos que busquem explicações para esses resultados...(AU)


Introduction: autism spectrum disorder, sometimes referred to as invasive dev elop mental disorders, has central clinical characteristics that include qualitative deficits in so cial in teraction and communication, repetitive and stereotyped behavior patterns and a limited reperto ire of in terest s and activities. This disorder is usually associated with developmental coordination diso rder. Objective: to verify scientific evidence of the impact of physical exercise on the treatment of individuals wit h autism spectrum disorder, including motor coordination and cognitive development. Metho ds: s earches were carried out in the pubmed, lilacs, scielo and pedro databases without restriction of languages o r lo cation and time until may 2019. The research was carried out in the database with descriptors selected fro m the health sciences descriptors dictionary ( decs) medical subject heading terms (mesh) [(autistic disorder) and (asperger syndrome) and (exercise) and (cognition)], having as inclusion criteria the fact that t hey are studies with the use of physical exercise. The methodological quality of the articles included was verified through the modified pithon protocol. Results: 655 articles were identified, o f wh ich o nly 7 m et t he established inclusion criteria. Each of the studies portrayed different approaches to phy sical ex ercises, being aerobic, strength, aquatic, or using technologies. The number and duration o f ex ercise sessio ns varied from study to study. Conclusion: physical exercise programs have benefits in sev eral asp ects o f patients. The exercise programs in the aquatic environment hav e ap paren tly p roved t o be t h e m ost effective. Thus, a gap in the literature opens up for new studies that seek explanations for these results...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Comportamento Estereotipado , Exercício Físico , Comunicação , Síndrome de Asperger , PubMed , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , LILACS , Relações Interpessoais , Literatura
7.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(8): 2973-2986, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052317

RESUMO

We compared the presence of autistic and comorbid psychopathology and functional impairments in young adults who received a clinical diagnosis of Pervasive Developmental Disorders Not Otherwise Specified or Asperger's Disorder during childhood to that of a referred comparison group. While the Autism Spectrum Disorder group on average scored higher on a dimensional ASD self- and other-report measure than clinical controls, the majority did not exceed the ASD cutoff according to the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Part of the individuals with an ASD diagnosis in their youth no longer show behaviors that underscribe a clinical ASD diagnosis in adulthood, but have subtle difficulties in social functioning and a vulnerability for a range of other psychiatric disorders.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Síndrome de Asperger/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Criança , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(1): 171-179, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564021

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the characteristics of internet use in a clinical sample of 60 young subjects with Asperger Syndrome (AS) and its relationship with parental control and psychiatric comorbidity. Of the participants, 38.3% were classified as having problematic internet use (PIU). Subjects with normal internet use (NIU), compared to the subjects with PIU, had significantly higher scores on parental control scale. While there was no significant difference in terms of any comorbid diagnoses between subjects with NIU versus PIU, severity of depressive symptoms was found to predict higher scores on Young Internet Addiction Scale (YIAS). In conclusion, PIU may be common in AS and may be associated with internalizing problems, while parental control may protect against it.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Hábitos , Internet , Relações Pais-Filho , Adolescente , Criança , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Turquia/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615331

RESUMO

Blessing or curse? The World Wide Web as information source for autism and Asperger Syndrome Abstract. Objective: The World Wide Web is today one of the most common methods used for obtaining health-related information, though the quality of the information is sometimes questionable. The present study addresses the quality of the information source internet and the resulting implications and discusses examples related to autism spectrum disorder. Method: We systematically evaluated 96 German websites, with the aim of estimating specific characteristic features, reliability of publications, presentation of information as well as overall website quality. We also analyzed the clinical implications of the presentations. Results: Only 39 % of the websites provided references to scientifically well-founded information, whereas advertisements were found on 53 % of websites. The greatest percentage of false information (17 %) was disseminated concerning therapy. 75 % of the websites provided incomplete information. Only 10 % of websites discussed the impairment or familial burden. The quality of information was insufficient on 30 %, poor on 41 %, and good on only 6 % of the websites. Conclusions: Similar to results available for English-language websites, the quality of German websites providing health-related information can be considered low. Implications concerning confirmation bias, stigma, overidentification, in-group/outgroup, contrast and snowball effects are discussed.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Educação em Saúde/normas , Internet , Transtorno Autístico , Humanos , Internet/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(2): 513-523, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673910

RESUMO

Investigated internal consistency reliability and criterion validity of the Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale (ASDS) in a well-characterized sample of 120 children ([Formula: see text] = 9.91; autism [AUT] n = 54; non-autism [NOT] n = 66) who completed comprehensive outpatient evaluations with a gold-standard measure, the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2. With the exception of a low Cognitive alpha in the AUT group, internal consistency reliabilities ranged from moderate to high. Significant between-group mean differences were observed for all scores. Receiver operating characteristic analyses indicated Area Under the Curve in the fair range (.71). Cutoff points and interpretation are discussed. The ASDS appears most useful in cases of either low or high scores or as an adjuvant to gold-standard measures.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas , Síndrome de Asperger/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(2): 592-602, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713072

RESUMO

Asperger's Syndrome was introduced as a separate diagnostic category in the DSM-4 (1994). Its subsequent absorption into autism spectrum disorder in the DSM-5 (2013) led to vigorous debate and concerns about the loss of the unique Asperger's identity. Existing research has identified that adults previously diagnosed with Asperger's have expressed a diverse range of opinions regarding the DSM-5 changes. This Australian study explored the role of disability identity development in responses to the change through semi-structured interviews with 12 adults diagnosed with Asperger's under the DSM-4. Their different views did not appear to be a function of demographic variables; a connection was identified between participants' views of the change and differing stages of integration with the Asperger's and/or autism identities.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Asperger/psicologia , Transtorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Autoimagem , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
12.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 29(4): 549-564, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367779

RESUMO

Translation of G. E. Sukhareva's "Die Besonderheiten der schizoiden Psychopathien bei den Mädchen", which appeared in 1927 in Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie as a continuation of "Die schizoiden Psychopathien", previously translated by Sula Wolff. This second paper comprises five case studies of girls and a discussion of the sex differences in the presentation of schizoid psychopathy, potentially what we would now consider part of the autism spectrum.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger , Feminino , Humanos
13.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 50(7): 2573-2584, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887409

RESUMO

Recent allegations that pediatrician Hans Asperger legitimized Nazi policies, including forced sterilization and child euthanasia, are refuted with newly translated and chronologically-ordered information that takes into account Hitler's deceptive 'halt' to the T4 euthanasia program in 1941. It is highly unlikely that Asperger was aware of the T4 program when he referred Herta Schreiber to Am Spiegelgrund or when he mentioned that institution 4 months later on the medical chart of another (unrelated) girl, Elisabeth Schreiber. Asperger campaigned vigorously from 1938 to 1943 to have his specialization, Curative Education, take priority in the diagnosis and treatment of disabled children over other fields that promoted Nazi racial hygiene policies. He neither disparaged his patients nor was he sexist. By 1938, he had identified the essentials of Asperger syndrome and described an unnamed boy whom he later profiled (as Ernst K.) in 1944. Rather than doing 'thin' research, Asperger made discoveries that were prescient, and some of his activities conformed to definitions of "individual resistance."


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger/história , Cumplicidade , Eugenia (Ciência)/história , Socialismo Nacional/história , Pediatras/história , Áustria/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Políticas , Comportamento Social
14.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 12(4): 400-403, dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192167

RESUMO

El entrenamiento con discapacitados intelectuales no ha sido suficientemente estudiado, siendo necesario conocer esta temática para muchos profesionales. Este trabajo pretende saber más sobre percepción del esfuerzo, fatiga y grado de dificultad técnica que presentan nadadores con y sin Síndrome de Asperger. Para ello se realizó un test de 8x100 metros libres progresivos finalizando a intensidad máxima. Se utilizó la escala de Borg para conocer las percepciones de esfuerzo y fatiga y una pregunta sobre el grado de dificultad técnica, tanto en nadadores Asperger como no. De los tres aspectos estudiados, no se aprecian diferencias de percepción en esfuerzo y fatiga, no ocurriendo lo mismo con el grado de dificultad técnica, donde los nadadores Asperger muestran dificultad para diferenciar la dificultad técnica real, considerando todos los ejercicios de la misma dificultad e imposibilitando un valor definido que determine el grado de correlación de sus respuestas con la dificultad real objetiva


The training focus to the intellectual disabled people has not been studied enough, even though that professionals need to know more about this topic. The main aim of this work is to know better how swimmers with and without Asperger Syndrome perceive the effort, fatigue, and the degree of the technical difficulty. To reach this goal, a free style test of 8x100 meters and the Borg scale was used (to study the perceptions of the effort and the fatigue), as well as a question about the degree of the technical difficulty. No differences were found with respect to the perception of the effort and the fatigue but Asperger swimmers show more trouble to assess the degree of the technical difficulty, even when all the exercises have the same difficulty. So, it seems hard to find an objective value to determine the degree of correlation of its answers with the actual difficulty


O treinamento com deficiência intelectual ainda não foi suficientemente estudado, sendo necessário conhecer este tema para muitos profissionais. Este trabalho tem como objetivo conhecer mais sobre a percepção de esforço, fadiga e grau de dificuldade técnica apresentada por nadadores com e sem Síndrome de Asperger. Para isso, foi realizado um teste de 8x100 metros livres progressivos e a escala de Borg para conhecer as percepções de esforço e fadiga e uma questão sobre o grau de dificuldade técnica dos três aspectos estudados, não sendo percebidas diferenças de percepção de esforço e fadiga, Não acontece o mesmo com o grau de dificuldade técnica, onde os nadadores Asperger apresentam dificuldade em diferenciar a dificuldade técnica real, considerando todos os exercícios da mesma dificuldade e incapacitando um valor definido que determina o grau de correlação de suas respostas com a dificuldade real objetivo


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Síndrome de Asperger/fisiopatologia , Natação , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Percepção , Esforço Físico
16.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 53(4): 611-631, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758314

RESUMO

Observations about peculiarities in the autistic population concerning type and frequency of references to subjective states, and lack of perspective taking, have been on the whole referred to as the paradox of the autistic self, i.e. a co-presence of ego-centeredness and weak self-referentiality (Lombardo & Baron Cohen 2010). Prevalent approaches in autism ascribe these peculiarities to high order disfunctions caused by neurological factors, such as defective self-encoding processes. Two narratives told by an adult man with Asperger during counselling are examined with Conversation Analysis; the analysis identifies features that may lead to descriptions like the paradox of autistic self, but also reveals competences related to perspective-taking and narrative construction. Drawing on Bruner's narrative theory, as well on recent interactional research on autism and the psychology of self, it is suggested that a relatively limited practice with narrative co-construction might be at the origin of the peculiarities observed. A socio-developmental approach to the understanding of autism not only can provide explanations compatible with first and second person accounts of life with autism, but can also open new paths for researching ways of self-construction that are less reliant on social interaction. The article finally challenges assumptions in psychological research about the ability of humans to access their internal states, and discusses how such assumptions can deter understanding of atypical populations.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Ego , Autoimagem , Síndrome de Asperger/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Clin Ter ; 170(5): e382-e387, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612197

RESUMO

This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aims at evaluating the efficacy of Occupational therapy (OT) interventions in Asperger's syndrome (AS) pediatric patients. We conducted a systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines. The screening of the literature was carried out on PUBMED, SCOPUS, WEB OF SCIENCE and OT SEEKER databases, TO December 2018. We selected three RCTs having the common objective to evaluate whether children with AS can improve their social skills thanks to OT treatments. The interventions targeted by the three selected studies were: LEGO therapy, Social Use of Language Programme, Let's Face It! software and Parent Training combined with the administration of risperidone. All the studies showed that the intervention groups improved their overall social ability.This review shows that OT interventions can help concretely AS children in overcoming their social issues. Nevertheless, more RCTs are needed to better understand the OT's benefits and limitations in AS patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Terapia Ocupacional/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Asperger/psicologia , Criança , Gerenciamento de Dados , Humanos , Terapia Ocupacional/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-46806

RESUMO

O DPAC é caracterizado por afetar as vias centrais da audição, ou seja, as áreas do cérebro relacionadas às habilidades auditivas responsáveis por um conjunto de processos que vão da detecção à interpretação das informações sonoras. Na maior parte dos casos, o sistema auditivo periférico (tímpano, ossículos, cóclea e nervo auditivo) encontra-se totalmente preservado. A principal consequência do distúrbio está na dificuldade de processamento das informações captadas pelas vias auditivas. Assim, a pessoa ouvirá claramente a fala humana, mas terá dificuldades em interpretar a mensagem recebida.


Assuntos
Córtex Auditivo , Audição , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Síndrome de Asperger
19.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-46802

RESUMO

The two conditions share many traits, but the connection has been largely overlooked until now.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico
20.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 59(9): 589-591, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474638

RESUMO

A 24-year-old man, who had been treated for 3 years as Asperger syndrome in adolescence due to behavioral disturbances, lack of social awareness and inability to socialize, was referred to our hospital shortly after tremors developed. On the basis of clinical features, laboratory findings and the brain MRI, a diagnosis of Wilson's disease (WD) was made. WD was further confirmed by genetic testing (the mutation of ATP7B gene). He was started with trientine hydrochloride 500 mg/day, and after 1 year of follow-up, his psychiatric symptoms have improved. Since psychiatric symptoms may precede the neurological symptoms, the possibility of WD should be always considered in the differential diagnosis of psychiatric disorders in young adults.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Asperger , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/diagnóstico , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/tratamento farmacológico , Trientina/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Síndrome de Asperger/diagnóstico , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Diagnóstico Ausente , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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