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1.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(40): 873, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851655

RESUMO

National Latinx AIDS Awareness Day, October 15, is observed each year to focus on the continuing and disproportionate impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) on Hispanics/Latinos in the United States. In 2017, 26% of newly diagnosed HIV infections occurred in Hispanics/Latinos (1). Seventy-five percent of these newly diagnosed HIV infections in Hispanics/ Latinos were in men who have sex with men (MSM), and an additional 3% were in MSM who inject drugs (1).


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etnologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
2.
ABCS health sci ; 44(3): 180-186, 20 dez 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047750

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Motor changes are observed in people living with HIV/AIDS. These changes may be associated with the chronicity of infection, continued use of antiretroviral medication, and/or the presence of comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate postural sway in people living with asymptomatic HIV/AIDS under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: Twenty-seven subjects, recruited at an HIV referral center, aged between 30 and 40 years, participated in the study, divided into two groups: HIV group (n=12) and non-HIV group (n=15). The participants performed an experimental task, remaining on a force platform in a static position, in bipedal support and semi-tandem positions, in conditions with and without vision. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that visual occlusion, when the bipedal base was adopted, generated significant differences in the area of oscillation and mean velocity in both groups. Differences were also observed in the area and mean velocity of both groups when the semi-tandem position was adopted without vision. When comparing the groups, it was possible to identify significant differences in the semi-tandem base with vision. CONCLUSION: Considering these results, it was found that postural oscillation was higher in the visual occlusion condition for both groups. Concomitant to this, we conclude that in the challenging condition, where the base of support is reduced, the HIV group presents greater oscillation (medial-lateral) than the non-HIV group.


INTRODUÇÃO: Alterações motoras são observadas em pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS. Essas alterações podem estar associadas à cronicidade da infecção, uso contínuo da medicação antiretroviral e ou pela presença de comorbidades. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a oscilação postural de pessoas vivendo com HIV/AIDS assintomáticos em tratamento com terapia antirretroviral altamente ativa. MÉTODOS: Vinte e sete indivíduos, recrutados em um centro de referência em HIV, com idade entre 30 e 40 anos, participaram do estudo, divididos em dois grupos: grupo HIV (n=12) e grupo não HIV (n=15). Os participantes realizaram uma tarefa experimental, permanecendo em uma plataforma de força em posição estática, em posições de apoio bipodal e semi-tandem, em condições com e sem visão. RESULTADOS: Os resultados demonstraram que a oclusão visual, quando adotada a base bipodal, gerou diferenças significativas na área de oscilação e velocidade média em ambos os grupos. Diferenças também foram observadas na área e velocidade média de ambos os grupos quando a posição semi-tandem foi adotada sem visão. Ao comparar os grupos, foi possível identificar diferenças significativas na base semi-tandem com visão. CONCLUSÃO: Considerando esses resultados, constatou-se que a oscilação postural foi maior na condição de oclusão visual para ambos os grupos. Concomitante a isso, concluímos que na condição desafiadora, onde a base de suporte é reduzida, o grupo HIV apresenta maior oscilação (médiolateral) que o grupo não HIV.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , HIV , Equilíbrio Postural , Atividade Motora
3.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(47): 1089, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851652

RESUMO

World AIDS Day, observed annually on December 1, draws attention to the status of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic. Approximately 37.9 million persons worldwide are living with HIV infection, including 1.7 million persons newly infected in 2018 (1).


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Epidemias , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Humanos
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 224, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692753

RESUMO

Introduction: Despite increasing efforts to address the reproductive health needs of persons living with Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV), a high unmet need for contraception exists among HIV+ women in sub-Saharan Africa. Currently, Ethiopia promotes integration of family planning (FP) services in to HIV chronic care. Yet the contraceptive prevalence rate among clients remains low. The objective of the study was to assess the role of socio-cultural factors on modern family planning use among HIV+ clients attending Anti-Retroviral Therapy clinics in Addis Ababa sub-cities. Methods: The study involved a facility based cross sectional survey. The ten sub cities were initially categorized/stratified into 5 based on direction (East, West, South, North and Central) and from each category one sub city was randomly selected. The total sample size was proportionally allocated to the selected health facilities according to previous monthly average client load per health center. Participants were selected using simple random sampling technique during their routine visit at the health centers. Data were collected through a semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were generated and results considered significant at 95% confidence level using STATA version 14.0. Results: Six hundred and thirty-six clients participated in the study. Majority of them were age between 30-39 years. Though majority, 607 (95.4%) participants approved the use of modern FP method, current use rate stood at 39%. Condom was the most (14.5%) commonly used single method. The odds of FP use by participants who disclosed their HIV status were almost twice that of their counterparts (AOR= 1.84; 95% CI: 1.14, 2.95). Participants who held discussion with their spouse/partners concerning FP, irrespective of the frequency had an odd of more than four when using FP than their counterparts (AO= 4.35; 95% CI: 2.69, 7.04). Conclusion: This study revealed that 6 out of every 10 HIV+ clients are not currently using FP methods. Disclosure of HIV status as well as open discussion with spouse/partner were positively associated with family planning use. These study findings call for comprehensive and client focus FP education and counseling in line with disclosure of HIV status and dialogue with spouse/partner in order to increase uptake and utilization of FP among clients. Partners have a great influence on the use and choice of FP methods, so their views are paramount.


Assuntos
Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Educação Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Adulto , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoncepção/métodos , Anticoncepção/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Revelação/estatística & dados numéricos , Etiópia , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Reprodutiva , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (47): 93-107, nov. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184868

RESUMO

Este artículo tiene como propósito reflexionar sobre la situación de estigma y discriminación que afecta a personas con VIH/SIDA. Esto constituye una vulneración a los derechos fundamentales de estas personas y una barrera en el avance hacia la eliminación de la enfermedad. Ya que estudios realizados en diferentes países dan cuenta que las personas en esta condición se sienten discriminadas por la sociedad, y por los profesionales de la salud. Este es uno de los aspectos que ha dificultado el acceso al tratamiento, su adhesión, y educación para el cambio de conducta en los grupos de riesgo


Aquest article té com a propòsit reflexionar sobre la situació d'estigma i discriminació que afecta a persones amb VIH/SIDA. Això constitueix una vulneració dels drets fonamentals d'aquestes persones i una barrera en l'avanç cap a l'eliminació de la malaltia. Estudis realitzats en diferents països exposen que les persones en aquesta condició se senten discriminades per la societat i pels professionals de la salut. Aquest és un dels aspectes que ha dificultat l'accés al tractament, l'adhesió al mateix, i educació per al canvi de conducta en el grups de risc


This article aims to reflect on the situation of stigma and discrimination affecting people with HIV/AIDS. This constitutes a violation of the fundamental rights of these people and a barrier to progress towards the elimination of the disease. Studies carried out in different countries show that people in this condition feel discriminated against by society and by health professionals. This is one of the aspects that has hindered access to treatment, adherence, and behaviour change education in at-risk groups


Assuntos
Humanos , Ageismo/ética , Sexismo , Discriminação Social , Estigma Social , Grupos de Risco , Relações Profissional-Paciente/ética , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoal de Saúde/ética , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Soroprevalência de HIV , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/ética , Direitos Humanos
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3448-3453, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602908

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to study the influence of triptolide in the immune response pathways of acquired immune deficiency syndrome( AIDS). Target proteins of triptolide and related genes of AIDS were searched in PubChem and Gene databases on line. Molecular networks and canonical pathways comparison analyses were performed by bioinformatics software( IPA). There were 15 targets proteins of triptolide and 258 related genes of AIDS. Close biological relationships of molecules of triptolide and AIDS were established by networks analysis. There were 21 common immune response pathways of triptolide and AIDS,including neuroinflammation signaling pathway,Th1 and Th2 activation pathway and role of pattern recognition receptors in recognition of bacteria and viruses. Triptolide stimulated immune response pathways by the main molecules of IFNγ,JAK2,NOD1,PTGS2,RORC. IFNγ is the focus nodes of triptolide and AIDS,and regulates genes of AIDS directly or indirectly. Triptolide may against AIDS by regulating molecules IFNγ in immune response pathways.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Interferon gama/genética , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/imunologia , Biologia Computacional , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/imunologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17525, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593126

RESUMO

To assess the intra-individual and inter-individuals biological variation and the effect of aging on lymphocyte T-cells subsets.We assessed lymphocyte phenotypes (CD3, CD4, and CD8 T-cells) in 89 HIV-1-infected and 88 uninfected white non-Hispanic men every 6 months, to examine the biological variation for those measurements, and the average change in lymphocyte phenotype over 34 years.The markers showed significant intra-individuality in HIV-infected and uninfected individuals with index of individuality of <1.4. No mean changes were seen over the 34 years, with the exception of percentage CD4T-cells in HIV-uninfected individuals.In the pre-HAART era, HIV-infected individuals experienced an increase in mean absolute CD3 T-cell numbers (11.21 cells/µL, P = 0.02) and absolute CD8 T-cell numbers (34.57 cell/µl, P < .001), and in the percentage of CD8 T-cells (1.45%, P < .001) per year and a significant decrease in mean absolute CD4 T-cell numbers (23.68 cells/µl, P < .001) and in the percentage of CD4 T-cells (1.49%, P < .001) per year.In the post-HAART era, no changes in mean levels were observed in absolute CD3 T-cell count (P = .15) or percentage (P = .99). Significant decreases were seen in mean count (8.56 cells/µl, P < .001) and percentage (0.59%, P < .001) of CD8 T-cells, and increases in mean absolute count (10.72 cells/µl, P < .001) and percentage (0.47%, P < .001) of CD4 T-cells.With the exception of CD4 (%), no average changes per year were seen in lymphocyte phenotype of HIV-uninfected men. The results of coefficients of variation of intra and inter-individuals of this study can be useful for HIV-1 infection monitoring and in addition the observation could be a useful guide for intra- and inter-individual coefficient variations, and establishing quality goal studies of different blood biomarkers in healthy and other diseases.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/imunologia , Variação Biológica da População/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etnologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/estatística & dados numéricos , Variação Biológica da População/etnologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Complexo CD3/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexo CD3/imunologia , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Antígenos CD4/imunologia , Antígenos CD4/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Senescência Celular/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Humanos , Los Angeles/epidemiologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo
9.
J Med Microbiol ; 68(11): 1622-1628, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596198

RESUMO

Introduction. Nosocomial transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an important health issue and the detection of tuberculosis (TB) cases is the main tool for controlling this disease.Aim. We aimed to assess the possible occurrence of nosocomial transmission of M. tuberculosis in a reference hospital for HIV/AIDS patients and evaluate both the performance of the Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) platform and drug resistance profiles.Methodology. We evaluated the performance of the Xpert platform. Samples that tested positive on the BACTEC MGIT 320 (MGIT320) platform were submitted for genotyping and drug susceptibility testing.Results. In this study, pulmonary and extrapulmonary samples from 407 patients were evaluated, and among these, 15.5 % were diagnosed with TB by the MGIT320 platform, with a TB/HIV coinfection rate of 52.4 %. The Xpert platform gave positive results for TB for 11 samples with negative results on the MGIT320 platform. In the genotyping results, 53.3 % of the strains clustered; of these strains, half were in two of the four clusters formed, and the patients had visited the hospital on the same day. Drug resistance was observed in 11.7 % of the strains.Conclusion. Putative nosocomial transmission of M. tuberculosis was detected, showing that genotyping is a powerful approach for understanding the dynamics of M. tuberculosis transmission, especially in a high-burden TB and HIV landscape.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Antibióticos Antituberculose/farmacologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecção Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Estudos Transversais , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/classificação , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Filogenia , Tuberculose , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico
11.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 763-768, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607065

RESUMO

Objective: To screen the retinopathy in HIV/AIDS patients with both non-mydriatic ultra-wide-field (UWF) retinal imaging and mydriatic fundus examinations with the Superfield lens and a slit lamp biomicroscope, and to evaluate the consistency of two methods and provide reference for future clinical screening work and even technological innovation (such as telemedicine screening and artificial intelligence). Methods: Cross sectional study. One hundred and fifty-eight eyes of 80 HIV-positive patients from the Ophthalmology Department of Beijing Youan Hospital were enrolled in this prospective observational study. All patients underwent comprehensive ophthalmological examination. A single image was obtained from each eye using the UWF fundus imaging system (Daytona, Optos, Dunfermline, UK), and then a dilated fundal examination with the Superfield lens was conducted by another expert. The possible type and location of the lesion with these two methods was recorded respectively. The consistency was compared using the detection rate and Kappa value. Results: Fifty-two patients (65%) had fundus changes, and 28 patients (35%) were normal. Seventy-nine eyes (50%) were normal and 79 eyes (50%) had fundus lesions. Sixty-one eyes (77.2%) had HIV-related fundus lesions, while 18 eyes (22.8%) had non-HIV-related fundus lesions. Fifty-two eyes (65.8%) suffered posterior or posterior involving lesions, and 27 eyes (34.2%) suffered isolated peripheral lesions. The detection rate of UWF retinal imaging and slit lamp biomicroscopy with the Superfield lens was 17.7% (28/158) and 18.4% (29/158) (P=1.000>0.05) for HIV-related microvascular retinopathy, 8.2% and 8.2% (13/158) (χ(2)=158.00, P=1.000) for cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR), 36.1% and 36.1% (57/158) (χ(2)=71.066, P=1.000) for HIV-related fundus lesions, 41.8% (66/158) and 47.5% (75/158) (χ(2)=63.514, P=0.136) for fundus lesions, 33.5% (53/158) and 31.0% (49/158) (χ(2)=108.268, P=0.388) for posterior/posterior involving lesions, and 6.4% (10/158) and 16.5% (26/158) (χ(2)=42.001, P=0.000) for isolated peripheral lesions, respectively. In general, the consistency of these two methods was moderate in detecting fundus lesions (Kappa=0.630), HIV-related fundus lesions (Kappa=0.671), HIV-related microvascular retinopathy (Kappa=0.551), and isolated peripheral lesions (Kappa=0.450). According to the fundus location, the two methods showed high consistency in the detection of posterior/posterior involving lesions (Kappa=0.826>0.75) and perfect consistency for CMVR (Kappa=1.0). Conclusions: The UWF retinal imaging system and the Superfield lens showed reasonable consistency in fundus screening in HIV/AIDS patients, especially for CMVR, or lesions in the posterior pole. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2019, 55:763-768).


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Oftalmoscopia/métodos , Retina/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Fundo de Olho , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Oftalmoscópios , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Retina/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(3): 367-372, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631605

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the clinical epidemiological characteristics of newly reported human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)in southwestern China from 2001 to 2017. Methods: Clinical data of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS from 2001 to 2017 in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University were reviewed and analyze. Results: A total of 1 520 228 patients were screened for HIV, including 285 983 outpatient and emergency patients and 1 234 245 inpatients. About 4 037 (0.27%) patients were confirmed with HIV/AIDS. The confirmation rate increased from 2001 to 2013, followed by a slight decline from 2014 to 2017. The male to female sex ratio of confirmed HIV/AIDS was 3.49:1 from 2001 to 2017, ranging from 1.65:1 to 5.08:1. The majority of patients were identified as Han (88.23%), had low education (58.66%), and married (54.75%). Peasants/herdsman comprised 26.33% of the patients. The proportion of young (15-29 years old), and middle-aged (≥50 years old) patients and those who were unmarried and had high education (senior high school and above) increased over time. Heterosexual transmission remained stable at about 60% while homosexual transmission increased by about 15% ( χ 2=14.436, P<0.005) since 2008. Transmissions through drug abuse( χ 2=71.633, P<0.005) and blood( χ 2=16.672, P<0.005) decreased. Of the 899 female newly reported HIV/ADIS patients, 77.20% were infected through heterosexual relationship. In comparison, of the 3 138 male patients, 61.41% were infected through heterosexual and 18.10% through homosexual relationships. Homosexual transmissions decreased with age, but heterosexual transmissions increased with age. Mother-to-child transmissions were concentrated in those between 0 and 15 years old (100%). Conclusion: Newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases increased over the years in the West China Hospital of Sichuan University, in particular in those of young and middle-aged, highly educated and unmarried. Heterosexual transmissions remain the main route.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/transmissão , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1191-1196, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658515

RESUMO

The number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), new HIV infections, and deaths due to HIV in China were estimated. These data provided evidences for the analysis on current HIV/AIDS epidemic in China, development of AIDS prevention and control strategies and public health education. However, whether the estimation results could be fully used in practice depends on appropriate interpretation. Since the differences in estimation methods and data to produce the estimates for each year, it is not suitable to directly use the estimation results of different years to conclude the HIV/AIDS epidemic trends. The 2018 estimation results indicated that the number of PLHIV is already beyond one million by the end of 2018 and would keep growing, causing much pressure of for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. With the increased burden of case management, innovative strategies are needed to reduce secondary transmission of HIV and control the aggravating spread to general population. Less than 70%, which is significantly lower than the goal of China's 13th Five-year Action plan for AIDS prevention and control. All local governments have the necessity of analyzing percentage of PLHIV who know their status, to conduct targeted strategies and measures for the improvement of HIV case finding. New HIV infection is the core indicator for HIV epidemic evaluation. The number of estimated new HIV infections is around 80 000 in 2018. It is necessary to further improve the strategy and increase the intensity to effectively reduce the new infection of HIV.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Epidemias , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos
14.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1206-1211, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658518

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" among MSM who frequently using the Internet in Guangzhou. Methods: An online survey was conducted among MSM who were recruited through gay-website portals between August and September, 2018 in Guangzhou, to collect information regarding the use of and attitudes on the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" . Logistic regression was used to explore the association between the use of Internet intervention tools and related behavioral characteristics. Information on the awareness of AIDS, HIV testing, and condomless anal sex behavior were compared between the core or non-core services users. Results: A total of 777 Internet-based MSM were recruited as participants including 638 men (82.1%) as core service users. MSM were satisfied in using the the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" while more than 80.0% of the users felt that the tools were helpful in: increasing the HIV awareness, promoting test uptake, and reducing those related risk behavior. Comparing with those who did not use the tools, the users showed higher rates in practising condomless anal intercourse (1.50-1.86 times), commercial sex with men (11.60-21.21 times), and unprotected vaginal intercourse (13.62-20.67 times), in the last 6 months. Proportions of core service users appeared as: [96.6% vs. 74.8%, aOR (95%CI): 8.80 (4.85-15.97)] on HIV testing, [56.4% vs. 22.3%, aOR (95%CI): 4.54 (2.94-7.02)] on regular HIV testing and [86.2% vs. 80.6%, aOR (95%CI): 1.75 (1.06-2.89)] on awareness of HIV knowledge respectively, which were all significantly higher than the non-core service users. Conclusions: The frequent Internet using MSM in Guangzhou claimed to have had high acceptance and satisfaction on the local Internet HIV intervention service tools. The "Internet Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" had effectively reached the high-risk subgroups of MSM, increasing the awareness on related risk and promoting testing on HIV.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Internet , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , China , Feminino , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Assunção de Riscos , Trabalho Sexual , Comportamento Sexual
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1222-1226, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658521

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the "Internet Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" among men who have sex with men in Guangzhou. Methods: Data through case-reporting and follow-up programs on MSM HIV/AIDS in Guangzhou was collected from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, which including those from the referral and follow-up treatment compliance programs in 2008-2014 (pre-treatment) and 2017-2018 (post-treatment). According to the types of care services, three groups were set as: with "Internet Plus" service, with 'HIV counseling/testing service' or with 'routine medical service'. General Estimating Equation (GEE) was used to analyze the follow up situation of HIV/AIDS cases, annually. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the proportions of treatment referral, within the 30 days of diagnosis. Results: Before the implementation of immediate treatment after HIV diagnosis, 90.6% (707/780) of the HIV/AIDS cases received the first follow up program including the CD(4)(+) T cells counts (CD(4)) test service within 90 days of diagnosis, in the "Internet Plus-based HIV/AIDS care service" group presented 1.19 times (95%CI: 1.14-1.25) of the routine medical service group. The implementation of immediate treatment after HIV diagnosis, compared with the routine medical service group, the "Internet Plus" service group presented 1.71 times (95%CI: 1.03- 2.83) more treatment referrals within the 30 days of diagnosis, when the first testing CD(4) was ≤200 cells/µl. Compared with the routine medical service group, the HIV counseling and testing service group showed 1.37 times (95%CI: 1.20-1.56) more of the treatment referrals within the 30 days of HIV diagnosis, after the first testing CD(4) counts as >200 cells/µl. Conclusion: Standardized care and follow-up service should be promoted as soon as the referral and treatment programs were set after the diagnosis was made, under the "Internet Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" for the MSM population, in Guangzhou.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , China , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Internet , Masculino
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 1227-1233, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658522

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" among MSM in Guangzhou, during 2010-2017, using a dynamic compartmental model. Methods: A dynamic compartmental model was developed to describe the HIV situation among MSM in Guangzhou. This model was parameterized on data from published literature or surveillance programs from the Guangzhou CDC. The Matlab 7.0 software was used for coding and analysis on collected data. HIV prevalence was analyzed among MSM under the status quo data and estimated the impact by the "Internet Plus" AIDS prevention services project. Results: HIV prevalence would have increased to 22.75% in 2017, and the total number of new HIV infections would have been 11 038, from 2010 to 2017, using the data status quo. Under the Guangzhou "Internet Plus" AIDS prevention services project, the prevalence of HIV among MSM from 2010 to 2017 was estimated to be 8.44%, 9.68%, 10.65%, 11.34%, 11.73%, 11.83%, 11.71% and 11.43% in Guangzhou, which were similar to the surveillance data. The total number of new infections in the past 8 years under the "Internet Plus" scenario was estimated to be 4 009. The "Internet Plus" program would have prevented 7 029 (63.68%) new infections during 2010-2017 as compared to the number, status quo. Conclusions: The fitting result of dynamic compartmental model seemed more reasonable, which was applicable to predict HIV epidemic among MSM in Guangzhou, suggesting that the increase of HIV prevalence had been curbed since the "Internet Plus" project which was launched in 2010, and the "Interner Plus-based AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Service System" had achieved the purpose as planned, epidemiologically.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Internet , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/prevenção & controle , China , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Assunção de Riscos
17.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1260-1265, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022614

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to scrutinize the changes in women's daily life, as well as to investigate how they stand after the diagnosis of HIV/AIDS and the introduction of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). Methods: It is a descriptive and prospective study with a qualitative approach. Semi-structured interviews were performed with twenty-two HIV positive women, who were enrolled in the immunology ambulatory of a university hospital located in the Rio de Janeiro city. This research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee (CAAE: 45955315.0.0000.5285). Results: Most women dealt positively with the changes in their daily lives after discovering the disease, looking for a way of life with quality, although they still show some difficulties in that regard. Concerning the ART, there was struggle in its beginning; however, as the time went by the adaptations occurred mainly with the family support. Conclusion: It is essential to provide better support towards women during both HIV diagnosis and treatment, so that they can improve their coping strategies


Objetivo: Investigar as mudanças no cotidiano e analisar o enfrentamento de mulheres após o diagnóstico do HIV/AIDS e a introdução da Terapia Antirretroviral (TARV). Método: Estudo descritivo e prospectivo de natureza qualitativa. Realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com vinte e duas mulheres HIV positivas, matriculadas no ambulatório de imunologia de um hospital universitário do Rio de Janeiro. Aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética CAAE: 45955315.0.0000.5285. Resultados: A maioria das mulheres enfrentou positivamente as mudanças no seu cotidiano após a descoberta da doença, buscando viver com qualidade, embora ainda apresentem dificuldades na retomada de suas vidas. Com relação à TARV houve dificuldade em seu início, no entanto com o passar do tempo ocorreram adaptações principalmente com o apoio da família. Conclusão: É fundamental que haja um maior apoio as mulheres durante o diagnóstico e tratamento do HIV, para que possam elaborar melhor suas estratégias de enfrentamento


Objetivo: Investigar los cambios en la rutina y hacer un análisis del enfrentamiento de mujeres tras el diagnóstico del VIH/sida y la introducción de la Terapia Antirretroviral (TARV). Método: Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo de naturaleza cualitativa. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con veintidós mujeres VIH positivas, matriculadas en el ambulatorio inmunológico de un hospital universitario de Río de Janeiro. Aprobado por el Comité de Ética CAAE: 45955315.0.0000.5285. Resultados: La mayoría de las mujeres enfrentó positivamente los cambios en su cotidiano después del descubrimiento de la enfermedad, buscando vivir con calidad, aunque todavía presentan dificultades en la reanudación de sus vidas. En cuanto a la TARV hubo dificultad en su inicio, sin embargo con el paso del tiempo ocurrieron adaptaciones principalmente con el apoyo de la familia. Conclusión: El apoyo a las mujeres durante el diagnóstico y tratamiento del VIH es fundamental, para que puedan elaborar sus estrategias de enfrentamiento


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apoio Social , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/psicologia , HIV , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/psicologia , Família/psicologia
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1326-1332, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022724

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to describe the life quality of HIV/AIDS bearing people through their own perspective. Methods: It is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach. This research counted with the participation of 21 individuals enrolled in a municipality from the Paraná State. Data were analyzed by the content analysis method. Results: Two central points were identified, as follows: 1. Unveiling the knowledge about HIV/AIDS. The understanding vis-à-vis contamination, condom use, and virus detection time was considered satisfactory; some participants were unaware of gestational transmission and also neglected the use of condoms; 2. Recognizing the life quality determinants after the diagnosis. The participants have pointed out discomforts at the beginning of treatment, changes in routine, social and financial aspects, as well as discontentment in doing both physical and sexual activities. Conclusion: The individuals' perception concerning their quality of life are influenced by the biopsychosocial alterations and aggravating factors in their way of life, so it is important to improve the health professional planning towards the educational practices of those individuals


Objetivo: Descrever a percepção da qualidade de vida de indivíduos com HIV/AIDS. Método: Estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa. Participaram 21 indivíduos cadastrados em um município no Paraná. Os dados foram analisados pelo método da análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Identificou-se dois eixos: 1. Desvelando o conhecimento sobre HIV/AIDS. O conhecimento foi satisfatório sobre contágio, uso do preservativo e tempo de detecção do vírus; alguns desconheciam sobre transmissão gestacional e ignoravam a utilização do preservativo; 2. Reconhecendo os determinantes na qualidade de vida após o diagnóstico. Apontou desconfortos no início do tratamento, alterações na rotina, nos aspectos sociais, financeiros, e insatisfação com a prática de atividade física e sexual. Conclusão: As percepções da qualidade de vida destes indivíduos são influenciadas pelas alterações e agravantes biopsicossociais no modo de viver, por isso é importante o planejamento dos profissionais de saúde nas práticas educativas destes indivíduos


Objetivo: Describir la percepción de la calidad de vida de los individuos con VIH/SIDA. Método: Estudio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo. Participaron 21 individuos registrados en un municipio de Paraná. Los datos fueron analizados por el método del análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se identificaron dos ejes: 1. Desvelando el conocimiento sobre VIH/ SIDA. El conocimiento fue satisfactorio sobre contagio, uso del preservativo y tiempo de detección del virus; algunos desconocían sobre transmisión gestacional e ignoraban la utilización del preservativo; 2. Reconociendo los determinantes en la calidad de vida después del diagnóstico. Se señalaron molestias al inicio del tratamiento, alteraciones en la rutina, en los aspectos sociales, financieros, e insatisfacción con la práctica de actividad física y sexual. Conclusión: Las percepciones de la calidad de vida de estos individuos son influenciadas por las alteraciones y agravantes biopsicosociales en el modo de vivir, por eso es importante la planificación de los profesionales de salud en las prácticas educativas de estos individuos


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/psicologia , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Educação em Saúde , HIV
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(8): 936-940, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484257

RESUMO

Objective: To study the survival time and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS cases who began receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) from 2005 to 2015 in Tianjin. Methods: Data related to HIV/AIDS cases that receiving ART between 2005 and 2015 in Tianjin, were collected from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Basic Information Management System. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze data of collection. Life table was used to calculate the survival proportion and Cox proportion hazard regression model was used to analyze the factors associated to the time of survival. Results: A total of 2 057 HIV/AIDS cases were involved, including 51 died from AIDS related disease, ending up with the survival rates of 1, 3, 5 and 10 years as 98.4%, 97.8%, 97.4% and 95.8%, respectively. Results from the multivariate Cox proportion hazard regression model showed that when comparing with the cases aged<30 years, aHR (95%CI) of the cases aged 30-39 years, 40-49 years, 50 years or above appeared as 4.506 (1.226-9.059), 5.944 (1.479-13.892) and 15.958 (5.309-27.206) respectively. When comparing with the cases having no loss of follow-up during ART process, the aHR of the cases having lost of follow-up during ART was 5.645 (95%CI: 3.124-10.200). When comparing with the cases diagnosed by other institutions, the aHR of the cases diagnosed by hospitals was 3.823 (95%CI: 1.423-10.274). When compared with the cases had no hepatitis B or hepatitis C before ART, aHR of the cases with hepatitis B or C prior to ART was 2.580 (95%CI:1.210-5.502). Compared with the cases receiving ART at Ⅰ/Ⅱ clinical stages, the aHR of the cases at Ⅲ/Ⅳ clinical stages was 3.947 (95%CI: 2.167-7.188). Compared with the cases with junior high school education or below, the aHR of the cases with high school education or above was 0.440 (95%CI: 0.238-0.810). Compared with the cases diagnosed before operation, aHR of the cases from special investigation and from counseling and testing (VCT) were 0.111 (0.027-0.456) and 0.182 (0.049-0.674) respectively. Conclusions: The survival rate of HIV/AIDS cases that received ART was high in Tianjin. Risk factors related to the survival of cases would include: old age when started receiving ART, loss of follow-up during ART, diagnosed by hospitals, co-infected with hepatitis B or hepatitis C and receiving ART at Ⅲ/Ⅳ clinical stages. Meanwhile, protective factors related to the survival of cases would include: having high school or above education, diagnosis was made through other special programs or from VCT services.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/mortalidade , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489065

RESUMO

Introduction: The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the treatment of HIV infection has provided different good results: like long-term viral suppression, the decrease of opportunistic infections, and repair of the immune system. Methods: We carried out a hospital-based cross-sectional analytic study involving 315 participants 228 were on HAART (group 1) and 87 were HAART-naïve (group 2) at the HIV treatment centre of the Bamenda regional hospital with our study population being all people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in the North West region of Cameroon. The sampling was performed from the 15th of March to the 30th of June 2017. The questionnaire was administered face to face with participants and their vital signs taken. Blood pressure was measured using an automated electronic blood pressure monitor and hypertension (HTN) was considered as systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90mmHg. Results: The prevalence of hypertension in the HAART group was 36.44% (n=82, CI: 30.15%-43.10%) compared to that of the HAART-naïve group which was 13.33% (n=12, CI: 7.08%-22.13%, P=0.01). HAART was associated with HTN after controlling for gender, family history of hypertension, body mass index (BMI), smoking and alcohol consumption. The odds ratio of the HAART-treated versus the HAART-naïve was 3.86 (95% CI: 1.98-7.50). We also found an association between TDF/3TC/EFV (OR=2.83), AZT/3TC/NVP (OR=2.82), AZT/3TC+EFV (OR=3.48) and TDF/3TC+NVP (OR=2.36) and HTN whereas those on AZT+3TC+ATV/r (OR=0.84) and TDF+3TC+ATV/r (OR=0.45) were not associated to hypertension. Conclusion: Our result suggests that blood pressure should be periodically measured and treated when necessary in PLWHIV on HAART.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea , Camarões , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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