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1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eRC5063, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553357

RESUMO

A 65-year-old male with a history of urinary tract trauma requiring cystotomy and chronic bladder catheterization, presenting with chronic and uninvestigated changes in the color of the urine bag system, with no urine color change, and positive urine culture for Proteus mirabilis . These characteristics refer to the purple urine bag syndrome, a not weel-known condition, with a benign course in most cases, and associated with urinary tract infection in patients with chronic bladder catheterization. Although it is characterized by marked changes, it is underdiagnosed by healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/microbiologia , Coletores de Urina/efeitos adversos , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia , Idoso , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Proteus mirabilis/isolamento & purificação , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome , Infecções Urinárias/patologia , Urina/microbiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17037, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567941

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Glucagonoma is a rare type of functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor that is characterized by distinctive clinical manifestations; among these, necrolytic migratory erythema represents the hallmark clinical sign of glucagonoma syndrome and is usually presented as the initial complaint of patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of diffuse erythematous ulcerating skin rash for more than 10 months. He also complained of hyperglycemia and a weight loss of 15 kg in those months. DIAGNOSIS: This patient underwent a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan which showed a pancreatic body mass measuring approximately 6 cm with low density accompanied by partial calcification in plain scanning images and uneven enhancement in strengthening periods. In addition, laboratory tests indicated elevated fasting blood glucagon (1109 pg/mL, normal range: 50-150 pg/mL) levels. Glucagonoma syndrome was ultimately diagnosed in clinical. INTERVENTION: Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was conducted and postoperative pathology revealed the presence of glucagonoma. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered uneventfully with the glucagonoma syndrome disappeared soon after surgery, and the postoperative plasma glucagon decreased to a normal level. Follow-up showed no recurrence for 5 years since the surgery. LESSONS: The treatment of glucagonoma should be directed according to the stage at which the disease is diagnosed. Surgery is currently the only method available to cure the tumor, although medications are given to patients who present with advanced glucagonoma and who are not candidates for operation. Multidisciplinary therapy and multimodality treatment are advised, although these have been systematically evaluated to a lesser degree.


Assuntos
Glucagonoma/diagnóstico , Eritema Migratório Necrolítico/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Glucagonoma/complicações , Glucagonoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glucagonoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Baço , Síndrome , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 159, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565121

RESUMO

Introduction: Hospital-based surveillance programs only capture people presenting to facilities and may underestimate disease burden. We conducted a healthcare utilisation survey to characterise healthcare-seeking behaviour among people with common infectious syndromes in the catchment areas of two sentinel surveillance hospitals in Johannesburg, South Africa. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted within three regions of Johannesburg from August to November 2015. Premises were randomly selected from an enumerated list with data collected on household demographics and selected syndromes using a structured questionnaire. Fisher's exact or chi-square tests were used to determine association of characteristics among different regions. Results: Of 3650 selected coordinates, 3358 were eligible dwellings and 2930 (87%) households with 9850 individuals participated. Four percent of participants (431/9850) reported influenza-like illness (ILI) in the last 30 days; equal numbers of participants (0.2%, 20/9850) reported pneumonia or tuberculosis symptoms in the last year and <1% reported diarrhoea or meningitis symptoms. Sixty eight percent (295/431) of participants who reported ILI, 75% (6/8) of children with diarrhoea and all participants who reported pneumonia (20), tuberculosis (20) or meningitis (6) sought healthcare. For all syndromes most sought care at registered healthcare providers. Of these only 10% (24/237) attended sentinel hospitals, predominantly those that lived closer to the hospitals. In contrast, of patients with meningitis, 50% (3/6) sought care at sentinel hospitals. Conclusion: Patterns of seeking healthcare differed by syndrome and distance from facilities. Surveillance programs are still relevant in collecting information on infectious syndromes and reflect a proportion of the hospital's catchment area.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doenças Transmissíveis/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 174, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565135

RESUMO

The association between deafness and visual disorders is frequent. These disorders range from simple refractive disorder to severe disease that can lead to disability. Hence the interest of early screening. This study aims to highlight the importance of multidisciplinary management and of the need for ophthalmological examination in each deaf child. We conducted a prospective monocentric data collection from medical records of 200 children followed for hypoacousia from January 2014 to January 2015. Each child underwent complete ophthalmological examination, ENT examination and clinical examination. Data from 155 medical records were collected. Ocular involvement was found in 47 patients, reflecting a rate of 30.4%. Bilateral involvement was found in 45 patients. The main syndromic causes were: Usher syndrome (8 casess), Waardenbourg syndrome (5 cases), Alport syndrome (3 cases), Wolfram syndrome (2 cases), Goldenhar syndrome (3 cases), Cogan syndrome (3 cases), Franceschetti-Kleinsyndrome (1 case), Charge syndrome(1 case), otomandibular syndrome (1 case), Stickler syndrome(1 case), Alström syndrome (1 case), Refsum disease (1 case), Susac syndrome (1 case) and KID Syndrome (1 case). Screening for ocular involvement allowed to shorten the average length of cochlear implantation from 9 months to 3 months. There are numerous ocular and auditory involvements because of the embryological and cellular similarities of these two organs, including the retina and the inner ear. The diagnosis of these involvements is facilitated by the presence of facial dysmorphism; on the other hand, diagnosis is difficult when there are visual and auditory sensorineural involvements. Early diagnosis of ocular and auditory involvements allows for best psychomotor development and optimal social inclusion. Therefore multidisciplinary management is necessary to allow for the best psychomotor, orthophonic and visual rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear/estatística & dados numéricos , Surdez/complicações , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Surdez/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome , Fatores de Tempo , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico
5.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(10): 83-84, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571463

RESUMO

Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS)is a rare non-hereditary hamartomatous polyposis syndrome of unknown aetiology. It is characterized by diffuse gastrointestinal polyps, dystrophic nail changes, alopecia, cutaneous hyperpigmentation, chronic diarrhoea, anorexia and hypogeusia. It is associated with a high incidence of gastrointestinal malignancies, mortality and morbidity. Early clinical suspicion and treatment is important. We report an elderly male with CCS who showed clinical and endoscopic improvement with long term corticosteroid therapy.


Assuntos
Diarreia , Hiperpigmentação , Polipose Intestinal , Idoso , Alopecia , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
7.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 66-72, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532169

RESUMO

The purpose of the study is to determine the correlation of changes in the humoral and tissue components of the hemostasis system with lipid metabolism in case of various urgent surgical diseases, on the basis of which the systemic coagulopathic distress syndrome can be used as the scientific basis for the definition of a new syndrome. Material and methods. The work includes the results of experimental and clinical laboratory tests. Experiments on dogs: in the first group (n=18) destructive pancreatitis; in the second (n=18) - fecal peritonitis; in the third (n=15), acute obstructive intestinal obstruction; in the fourth (n=16) fecal peritonitis, in the postoperative period, Remaxol (15 ml/kg) was included in the therapy. The analysis of 55 patients with acute peritonitis, operated on for acute appendicitis, perforated gastric or duodenal ulcer, acute intestinal obstruction, acute destructive cholecystitis. In the study group (n=28), Remaxol is included in the postoperative therapy. The state of the humoral and tissue (in the experiment, the tissues of the liver, intestines, kidneys, heart, lungs, pancreas, in the clinic - tissues of the resected organs) components of the hemostasis system was evaluated, a number of lipid metabolism indicators were determined, etc. Results. In the early periods of all investigated urgent diseases of the abdomen, pronounced changes in the system of both humoral and tissue components of the hemostasis system were revealed. The modification of the coagulation system is registered not only in the tissues of the lesion organs, but also in the target organs (system tissue hemocoagulation modifications). The research established one of the most important processes - the trigger of the hemostatic cascade reaction - is membrane-destabilizing (the source of tissue thromboplastin), which is determined by changes in the phospholipid composition of various organs tissues (involved in the pathological process or not in it). Changes in lipid metabolism are due to the activation of phospholipases and membrane lipid peroxidation in tissues. The factual material was the scientific basis for the establishment of a new syndrome. Systemic coagulopathic distress syndrome is a set of pathological processes of the body, the most important component of which is a violation of the phospholipid bilayer of blood cell membranes and organ cells due to oxidative and phospholipase induced phenomena, leading to a coagulopathic condition. It changes understanding of the prevention of thrombohemorrhagic complications, proving the effectiveness of complex therapy, including not only anticoagulants, but also drugs with membrane-stabilizing activity, in particular, Remaxol.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/prevenção & controle , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/complicações , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/complicações , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Succinatos/administração & dosagem , Doença Aguda , Animais , Apendicite/complicações , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiopatologia , Colecistite Aguda/complicações , Doenças do Sistema Digestório/fisiopatologia , Cães , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/fisiopatologia , Doenças Hematológicas/prevenção & controle , Hemostasia/fisiologia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/complicações , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/fisiopatologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Pancreatite/complicações , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada/complicações , Peritonite/complicações , Síndrome
8.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(9): 91-92, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561700

RESUMO

Vocal cord paralysis is a common entity with diverse causes clinically manifesting as dysphonia. Vocal cord paralysis due to respiratory cause is due to involvement of left recurrent laryngeal nerve usually secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma. However, it can also be seen in association with other less well recognised causes such as pulmonary tuberculosis. We present to you a patient with hoarseness of voice due to left recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis secondary to endobronchial tuberculosis.


Assuntos
Disfonia , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais , Rouquidão , Humanos , Síndrome
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 107, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489085

RESUMO

Twiddler's syndrome is a rare but potentially lethal complication of pacemaker implantation. It is usually diagnosed within 1 year after implantation. It is characterized by device malfunction caused by pacemaker lead displacement due to twisting of the box on part of the patient. Twiddler's syndrome has been described by in 1968 as a complication of pacemaker implantation. It has also been reported after defibrillator implantation and cardiac resynchronization therapy. We here report the case of a 89-year old female patient admitted with Twiddler's syndrome leading to pacemaker malfunction secondary to pacemaker lead displacement. She underwent lead repositioning and received appropriate advice.


Assuntos
Falha de Equipamento , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome
10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(8): 754-760, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416498

RESUMO

Hereditary angiopathy with nephropathy, aneurysms and muscle cramps (HANAC) syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disease caused by COL4A1 gene mutation, with major clinical manifestations of white matter lesion, aneurysm, retinal artery tortuosity, polycystic kidney, microscopic hematuria and muscle cramps. This article reports the clinical features and genotype of one toddler with HANAC syndrome caused by COL4A1 gene mutation. The boy, aged 1 year and 8 months, had an insidious onset, with the clinical manifestations of pyrexia and convulsion, white matter lesions in the periventricular region and the centrum semiovale on both sides, softening lesions beside the left basal ganglia, retinal arteriosclerosis, microscopic hematuria and muscle cramps. Whole exome sequencing revealed a pathogenic de novo heterozygous mutation in the COL4A1 gene, (NM_001845) c.4150+1(IVS46)G>T, and therefore, the boy was diagnosed with HANAC syndrome. COL4A1 gene mutation detection should be performed for children with unexplained white matter lesion, stroke, hematuria, polycystic kidney, cataract and retinal artery tortuosity or families with related history.


Assuntos
Aneurisma , Colágeno Tipo IV/genética , Cãibra Muscular , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Cãibra Muscular/genética , Mutação , Síndrome
11.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 209-220, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371977

RESUMO

Cholesterol-embolization syndrome (CES) is a multisystemic disease with various clinical manifestations. CES is caused by embolization of cholesterol crystals (CCs) from atherosclerotic plaques located in the major arteries, and is induced mostly iatrogenically by interventional and surgical procedures; however, it may also occur spontaneously. Embolized CCs lead to both ischemic and inflammatory damage to the target organ. Therefore, anti-inflammatory agents, such as corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide, have been investigated as treatment for CES in several studies, with conflicting results. Recent research has revealed that CES is actually a kind of autoinflammatory disease in which inflammasome pathways, such as NLRP3 and IL1, are induced by CCs. These recent findings may have clinical implications such that colchicine and IL1 inhibitors, namely canakinumab, may be beneficial in the early stages of CES.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Colesterol/sangue , Embolia de Colesterol , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cristalização , Embolia de Colesterol/sangue , Embolia de Colesterol/diagnóstico , Embolia de Colesterol/epidemiologia , Embolia de Colesterol/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Inflamassomos/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-1/sangue , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16849, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415413

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome (HDS) refers to a special type of HDS characterized by a combination of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemi facial spasm (HFS), and/or gloss pharyngeal neuralgia (GPN). Rostra ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) plays a crucial role in central cardiovascular regulation, and neurovascular compression of the RVLM has been identified as a contributor to essential hypertension. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old female with a facial tic and pain located in the root of the tongue and throat on the same side; the systolic and diastolic blood pressure was approximately 170 and 100 mmHg. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with combined HDS (HFS-GPN) and essential hypertension. Brain magnetic resonance 3-dimensional time-of-flight imaging and digital subtraction angiography revealed vertebrobasilar artery compressed the left RVLM and contacted with the root entry zones of multiple cranial nerves. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with microvascular decompression surgery OUTCOMES:: The symptoms were completely relieved, and blood pressure was well-controlled. LESSONS: The pathological association of hypertension and HDS should be highlighted, and microvascular decompression is an effective approach for relieving the hypertension.


Assuntos
Nervos Cranianos/cirurgia , Espasmo Hemifacial/cirurgia , Cirurgia de Descompressão Microvascular/métodos , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/cirurgia , Idoso , Nervos Cranianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Essencial/complicações , Feminino , Espasmo Hemifacial/complicações , Espasmo Hemifacial/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Síndrome , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/complicações , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Presse Med ; 48(7-8 Pt 1): 792-806, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447335

RESUMO

Chronic lymphoproliferative disorders should be classified according to the revised 2016 WHO classification. Biopsies are not mandatory for all chronic lymphoproliferative disorders as blood or bone marrow cytologroachical approach can be sufficient for some lymphoma entities. Diagnostic is based on a multidiscplinary approach taking into account clinical presentation, histopathological, cytological, immunophenotypical features (immunohistochemistry and Flow cytometry) and molecular pattern (translocation by FISH, Mutations landscape by NGS, and genomic abnormalities by CGH array). An important heterogeneity of clinical presentation and prognosis arises within the same lymphoma subtype. Clinical evolution is characterized by relapses, cytological progression and transformation into diffuse large B cell lymphoma, aggressive lymphoma or high-grade lymphomas.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/patologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/classificação , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/classificação , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia , Doença Crônica , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Síndrome
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1769-1770, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438335

RESUMO

This article describes the development of a prototype application for obstetric telemonitoring of hypertensive syndromes during pregnancy. A workflow was elaborated with the conduct for gestational hypertensive syndromes. Subsequently, prototyping was performed using Balsamiq. The prototype presents daily monitoring of blood pressure, signs and symptoms, displays accompanying charts, and generates alerts when there are changes to more or less the normal values, which are sent to the pregnant woman and the health professional.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Síndrome
16.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 158(3-4): 101-106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416315

RESUMO

About 40 % of woman suffer from vulvovaginal atrophy after menopausal transition. It is very important to put question on this problem, because about 70 % of them are not able to start discussion on it. Regarding treatment, vaginal low doses estriol and estradiol are drugs of first choice with high efficacy and safety.


Assuntos
Menopausa , Doenças Vaginais , Doenças da Vulva , Atrofia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome , Vagina , Doenças Vaginais/diagnóstico , Doenças Vaginais/terapia , Doenças da Vulva/diagnóstico , Doenças da Vulva/terapia
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(30): 2337-2343, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434413

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of biofeedback training combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise on the recovery of anorectal function in patients with middle and low rectal cancer undergoing sphincter-preserving surgery, and to find the best way to prevent low anterior resection syndrome. Methods: A single-center prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. One hundred and nine patients with mid-low rectal cancer in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Centre from June 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled in the study, who were going to undergo sphincter-preserving surgery or preventive ostomy after preoperative chemoradiotherapy. They were divided into three groups: blank control group, pelvic floor muscle exercise group and biofeedback training combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise group. Intervention and follow-up were conducted for 16 months. High-resolution anorectal manometry was used to measure the objective anorectal pressure and sensory index of patients, and the Chinese version of MSKCC Intestinal Function Questionnaire was used to evaluate the intestinal function of patients. The differences of objective anorectal manometry index and subjective intestinal function between the three groups were compared, and the occurrence of low anterior rectal resection syndrome was evaluated. Results: At the end of the intervention, the total scores of anal resting pressure, rectal resting pressure, anal maximum systolic pressure, anal maximum systolic time, initial rectal volume, rectal fecal sensory capacity, rectal maximum tolerance capacity, rectal compliance, anorectal hypertensive zone and total score of intestinal function in the biofeedback training combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise group were (44.83±9.01) mmHg, (4.31±1.75) mmHg, (130.46±10.00) mmHg, (19.94±4.30) s, (32.71±5.00) ml, (74.26±8.30) ml, (188.4±12.68) ml, (5.69±1.18) ml/kPa, (3.31±0.96) cm and (68.09±6.38) points respectively. The main effects of the changes of five indices, including anal resting pressure, rectal resting pressure, anal maximum systolic pressure, anal maximum systolic time and anal high pressure zone, were time. Significant differences were found in initial rectal capacity, sensory capacity of rectal defecation, maximum tolerance capacity of rectum, rectal compliance and total score of intestinal function in every time point of measurement in the biofeedback training group combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise group. They were significantly higher than those in the blank control group (P<0.05); the score of the biofeedback training group combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise group at one month after operation, perioperative period and 3 months after operation were significantly higher than those in pelvic floor muscle exercise group (P<0.05). Biofeedback training combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise reduced the incidence of low anterior resection syndrome of rectum (P<0.05). Conclusion: Biofeedback training combined with pelvic floor muscle exercise can significantly improve the sensory indicators of patients with mid-low rectal cancer, promote the recovery of intestinal function, and alleviate low anterior resection syndrome of rectal cancer patients, which is worthy of popularization and application.


Assuntos
Incontinência Fecal , Neoplasias Retais , Canal Anal , Biorretroalimentação Psicológica , Exercício , Humanos , Manometria , Músculo Esquelético , Diafragma da Pelve , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Síndrome
20.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(7): 800-807, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256659

RESUMO

AIMS: Psychological factors play a critical role in patient presentation, satisfaction, and outcomes. Pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression are important to consider, as they are associated with poorer outcomes and are potentially modifiable. The aim of this study was to assess the level of pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression in patients with a range of hip pathology and to evaluate their relationship with patient-reported psychosocial and functional outcome measures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to a tertiary-centre specialist hip clinic were prospectively evaluated for outcomes of pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression. Validated assessments were undertaken such as: the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), and the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12). Patient characteristics and demographics were also recorded. Multiple linear regression modelling, with adaptive least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) variable selection, was used for analysis. RESULTS: A total of 328 patients were identified for inclusion, with diagnoses of hip dysplasia (DDH; n = 50), femoroacetabular impingement (FAI; n = 55), lateral trochanteric pain syndrome (LTP; n = 23), hip osteoarthrosis (OA; n = 184), and avascular necrosis of the hip (AVN; n = 16) with a mean age of 31.0 years (14 to 65), 38.5 years (18 to 64), 63.7 years (20 to 78), 63.5 years (18 to 91), and 39.4 years (18 to 71), respectively. The percentage of patients with abnormal levels of pain catastrophizing, anxiety, or depression was: 22.0%, 16.0%, and 12.0% for DDH, respectively; 9.1%, 10.9%, and 7.3% for FAI, respectively; 13.0%, 4.3%, and 4.3% for LTP, respectively; 21.7%, 11.4%, and 14.1% for OA, respectively; and 25.0%, 43.8%, and 6.3% for AVN, respectively. HADS Anxiety (HADSA) and Hip Disability Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living subscale (HOOS ADL) predicted the PCS total (adjusted R2 = 0.4599). Age, HADS Depression (HADSD), and PCS total predicted HADSA (adjusted R2 = 0.4985). Age, HADSA, patient's percentage of perceived function, PCS total, and HOOS Quality of Life subscale (HOOS QOL) predicted HADSD (adjusted R2 = 0.5802). CONCLUSION: Patients with hip pathology may exhibit significant pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression. Identifying these factors and understanding the impact of psychosocial function could help improve patient treatment outcomes. Perioperative multidisciplinary assessment may be a beneficial part of comprehensive orthopaedic hip care. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:800-807.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Catastrofização/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Impacto Femoroacetabular/psicologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/psicologia , Luxação do Quadril/psicologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Catastrofização/diagnóstico , Catastrofização/epidemiologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
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