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1.
Kardiologiia ; 60(7): 20-27, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155937

RESUMO

Aim      To study the right ventricular (RV) myocardial longitudinal systolic strain in patient with RV myocardial infarction (MI), and pulmonary embolism (PE) with and without McConnell' phenomenon.Material and methods  This study included 53 patients with PE (mean age, 59.0±15.1 years; men, 58.5 %) and 30 patients with RVMI (mean age, 61.8±10.9 years; men, 90 %). Longitudinal strain of basal, medial and apical segments of the RV free wall (RVFW) and the interventricular septum (IVS) was determined in the mode of two-dimensional speckle tracking. Ratio of the IVS apical strain to the RVFW strain (apical ratio) was calculated. Systolic excursion of the RVFW apical segment (apical excursion) was measured in the anatomical M-mode from the apical four-chamber view.Results The McConnell's sign was observed in 23 (43.4 %) of 53 patients with PE and in 16 (53.3 %) of 30 patients with RVMI (p>0.05). Irrespective of the cause for the RV damage, patients with the McConnell's sign had higher values of the apical ratio (1.69±0.50 vs. 0.95±0.22; p<0.001; cutoff point, 1.18) and apical excursion (7.9±1.7 vs. 2.6±1.4 mm; p<0.001; cutoff point, 5.0 mm). Apical excursion closely correlated with the value of apical ratio (r=0.65; p<0.001) but not with the RVFW apical segment strain (r= -0.07; p>0.05).Conclusion      Incidence of the McConnell's sign was similar in patients with PE and RVMI. McConnell's sign is based on a passive systolic shift of the RVFW apical segment, which develops during contraction of the IVS apical segment. The greater the ratio of IVS apical segment to RBFW global strain the greater the amplitude of this shift. With the ratio value of 1.18 or more, the systolic shift of RVFW apical segment was >5 mm, which was visually perceived as the McConnell's sign.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Embolia Pulmonar , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Adulto , Idoso , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Função Ventricular Direita
2.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1765-1770, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the publication was to review available data on epidemiology, pathophysiological and clinical aspects of HFmrEF as a specific HF pattern. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: We carried out the analysis of the publications that appeared during last decade, related to the different aspects of HFmrEF. The literature search was conducted by use of Google Web Search and PubMed search engines by the following key words: heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction, mid-range, as well as their combinations. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Patients with specific HF pattern «HFmrEF¼ demonstrate multidirectional dynamic of systolic heart function with the possibility of transition to the category of reduced or preserved LVEF. Such patients need to be evaluated individually. Their management is based on neurohumoral modulators in order to prevent further LV dysfunction progression and repeated decompensation of HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Sístole
3.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 970-978, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999196

RESUMO

The mechanism of systolic annular expansion in mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is not clarified. Since annular expansion is systolic outward shift of MV leaflet/chorda tissue complex at superior and outer ends, annular expansion could be related to inward (superior) shift of the complex at another inferior and inner end of the papillary muscle (PM) tip and/or systolic lengthening of the tissue complex, especially MV leaflets.MV annulus systolic expansion, PMs' systolic superior shift, and MV leaflets' systolic lengthening were evaluated by echocardiography with a speckle tracking analysis in 25 normal subjects, 25 subjects with holo-systolic MVP and 20 subjects with late-systolic MVP.PMs' superior shift, MV leaflets' lengthening, MV annular area at the onset of systole and subsequent MV annulus expansion were significantly greater in late-systolic MVP than in holo-systolic MVP (4.6 ± 1.6 versus 1.5 ± 0.7 mm/m2, 2.5 ± 1.4 versus 0.6 ± 2.0 mm/m2, 6.8 ± 2.5 versus 5.7 ± 1.0 cm2/m2 and 1.6 ± 0.8 versus 0.1 ± 0.5 cm2/m2, P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified MV leaflets' lengthening and PMs' superior shift as independent factors associated with MV annular expansion.Conclusions: These results suggest that systolic MV annular expansion in MVP is related to abnormal MV leaflets' lengthening and PMs' superior shift.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole
4.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2561-2564, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigate an optimized non-uniform sampling strategy for blood pressure time series from the operating room (OR). Our aim is to obtain an approximate bound on the achievable reconstruction fidelity given an average sampling rate constraint. METHODS: Our data set consists of 117 hours of recordings of continuous invasive blood pressure from 28 surgery patients. We evaluate the root mean squared error (RMSE) of the zero-order hold sampling reconstruction of the blood pressure time series. We quantitatively compare the errors achieved by uniform versus optimized non-uniform sample placements for several average sample rates, ranging from 2 to 24 measurements per hour. RESULTS: An optimized non-uniform measurement schedule can lead to approximately 50% reduction of reconstruction RMSE for systolic, mean, and diastolic blood pressure time series with respect to uniform sampling, while maintaining the same average sampling rate.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Salas Cirúrgicas , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Manejo de Espécimes , Sístole
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2695-269, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018562

RESUMO

PPG can provide information on cardiovascular responses to fluid shifts from upper to lower part of body under the condition of orthostatic stress. The current study investigated ability of PPG derived LVET and other PPG derived features to identify progressive central hypovolemia induced by head up tilt (HUT) and evaluated potential use of LVET as early noninvasive indicator of blood loss. Continuous finger PPG, blood pressure, and electrocardiography were recorded simultaneously during 5-minutes of baseline and HUT of 20°, 40°, and 60° from 15 participants (age: 26.5 ± 3 years; height: 177 ± 8 cm; weight: 72 ± 10 kg, mean ± SD). Beat-by-beat pulse rate (PR), systolic amplitude (SA), systolic time (ST), diastolic time (DT), and PP Interval (PPI) and Ratio of pulse rate over systolic amplitude (PR/SA) were derived for each stage. LVET was derived from each stage. Friedman test followed by post-hoc analysis using Tukey-HSD was conducted to highlight the significance of changes induced by HUT. Application of 60° HUT (i.e. moderate category simulated hypovolemia) resulted in a significant change in PR (80±3 bpm vs 68±3 bpm, p=0.0008), DT (264±7 ms vs 303±4 ms, p=0.0008), ST (110±6 ms vs 117±7 ms, p=0.02), PP interval (764±39 ms vs 869±25 ms, p=0.0045), PR/SA (112±16 vs 82±21, p=0.012) , SA (0.875± 0.2 vs 1.69±0.6, p=0.012) and LVET(292 vs 351ms,p=0.0008) compared to baseline. LVET has a strong association with the change in central blood volume and may be used as a sensitive early marker of progressive hypovolemia. The findings of the study support the hypothesis of differentiating simulated hypovolemia based on PPG alone. Keywords: Hypovolemia, HUT, LVET.


Assuntos
Volume Sanguíneo , Fotopletismografia , Adulto , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hipovolemia/diagnóstico , Sístole , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22288, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120732

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dexmedetomidine and midazolam have become important approaches for the sedation of dental surgery. However, the comparison of these 2 drugs for the sedation of dental surgery has not been well established. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine versus midazolam for dental surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials are searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the influence of dexmedetomidine versus midazolam on dental surgery are included. Two investigators independently have searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies. Meta-analysis is performed using the random-effect model. RESULTS: Five RCTs and 420 patients are included in the meta-analysis. Compared with midazolam intervention for dental surgery, dexmedetomidine intervention has similar lowest SpO2, lowest heart rate and lowest systolic blood pressure, duration of surgery, and total volume of local anesthetic, but is associated with stable and reduced lowest diastolic blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Similar benefits of dexmedetomidine and midazolam intervention are observed for the sedation of dental surgery in terms of SpO2, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and the volume of local anesthetic, but dexmedetomidine may result in more stable diastolic blood pressure.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Midazolam/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Oxigênio/sangue , Sístole/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD010315, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the second update of the review first published in 2017. Hypertension is a prominent preventable cause of premature morbidity and mortality. People with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease are at particularly high risk, so reducing blood pressure to below standard targets may be beneficial. This strategy could reduce cardiovascular mortality and morbidity but could also increase adverse events. The optimal blood pressure target in people with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine if lower blood pressure targets (135/85 mmHg or less) are associated with reduction in mortality and morbidity as compared with standard blood pressure targets (140 to 160/90 to 100 mmHg or less) in the treatment of people with hypertension and a history of cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, angina, stroke, peripheral vascular occlusive disease). SEARCH METHODS: For this updated review, the Cochrane Hypertension Information Specialist searched the following databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) up to November 2019: Cochrane Hypertension Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE (from 1946), Embase (from 1974), and Latin American Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) (from 1982), along with the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and ClinicalTrials.gov. We also contacted authors of relevant papers regarding further published and unpublished work. We applied no language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included RCTs with more than 50 participants per group that provided at least six months' follow-up. Trial reports had to present data for at least one primary outcome (total mortality, serious adverse events, total cardiovascular events, cardiovascular mortality). Eligible interventions involved lower targets for systolic/diastolic blood pressure (135/85 mmHg or less) compared with standard targets for blood pressure (140 to 160/90 to 100 mmHg or less). Participants were adults with documented hypertension and adults receiving treatment for hypertension with a cardiovascular history for myocardial infarction, stroke, chronic peripheral vascular occlusive disease, or angina pectoris. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed search results and extracted data using standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. We used GRADE to assess the quality of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We included six RCTs that involved 9484 participants. Mean follow-up was 3.7 years (range 1.0 to 4.7 years). All RCTs provided individual participant data. None of the included studies was blinded to participants or clinicians because of the need to titrate antihypertensives to reach a specific blood pressure goal. However, an independent committee blinded to group allocation assessed clinical events in all trials. Hence, we assessed all trials at high risk of performance bias and low risk of detection bias. Other issues such as early termination of studies and subgroups of participants not predefined were also considered to downgrade the quality evidence. We found there is probably little to no difference in total mortality (risk ratio (RR) 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91 to 1.23; 6 studies, 9484 participants; moderate-quality evidence) or cardiovascular mortality (RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.29; 6 studies, 9484 participants; moderate-quality evidence). Similarly, we found there may be little to no differences in serious adverse events (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.08; 6 studies, 9484 participants; low-quality evidence) or total cardiovascular events (including myocardial infarction, stroke, sudden death, hospitalization, or death from congestive heart failure) (RR 0.89, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.00; 6 studies, 9484 participants; low-quality evidence). The evidence was very uncertain about withdrawals due to adverse effects. However, studies suggest more participants may withdraw due to adverse effects in the lower target group (RR 8.16, 95% CI 2.06 to 32.28; 2 studies, 690 participants; very low-quality evidence). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings were lower in the lower target group (systolic: mean difference (MD) -8.90 mmHg, 95% CI -13.24 to -4.56; 6 studies, 8546 participants; diastolic: MD -4.50 mmHg, 95% CI -6.35 to -2.65; 6 studies, 8546 participants). More drugs were needed in the lower target group (MD 0.56, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.96; 5 studies, 7910 participants), but blood pressure targets were achieved more frequently in the standard target group (RR 1.21, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.24; 6 studies, 8588 participants). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found there is probably little to no difference in total mortality and cardiovascular mortality between people with hypertension and cardiovascular disease treated to a lower compared to a standard blood pressure target. There may also be little to no difference in serious adverse events or total cardiovascular events. This suggests that no net health benefit is derived from a lower systolic blood pressure target. We found very limited evidence on withdrawals due to adverse effects, which led to high uncertainty. At present, evidence is insufficient to justify lower blood pressure targets (135/85 mmHg or less) in people with hypertension and established cardiovascular disease. Several trials are still ongoing, which may provide an important input to this topic in the near future.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , Viés , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Diástole , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/mortalidade , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Valores de Referência , Sístole
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(10): 1113-1116, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of overall longitudinal strain for the development of cardiomyopathy without hypertrophic changes. METHODS: Sixty five patients with suspected hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) but without hypertrophic changes were selected. Genetic variant, overall longitudinal strain, left ventricular ejection fraction, end diastolic volume, end systolic volume, interventricular septal thickness, left ventricular diameter and end diastolic diameter were detected. The risk factors of HCM were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty four variants of 16 genes were identified, among which MYBPC3 13659G>A was the commonest (73.20%) and MYH7 13252C>T was the second (31.25%). MYBPC3 GG genotype, overall longitudinal strain and apical longitudinal strain were correlated with HCM (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The increase of longitudinal strain is of great value in predicting the occurrence of HCM.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Diástole , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Volume Sistólico , Sístole
9.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 1014-1021, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879261

RESUMO

Impaired fatty acid metabolism is associated with heart failure (HF) prognosis. However, specific changes in acylcarnitine profiles and their potential clinical value have not been well explored in patients recovering from acute decompensation.This study recruited 79 HF patients hospitalized because of acute decompensation with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of < 40% and 51 normal controls. Patients were dichotomized into two groups, namely, the "improved (IMP) " and the "non-improved (NIMP) " groups, as defined by the changes in LVEF from baseline to 12 months after discharge. Mass spectrometry was used to quantify the acylcarnitine concentrations at baseline and 6 and 12 months after discharge. The IMP and NIMP groups contained 42 and 37 patients, respectively. At baseline, HF patients had higher plasma concentrations of specific long-, medium-, and short-chain acylcarnitines compared to normal controls. From baseline to 12 months post-discharge, the IMP group showed significant decreases in long- and short-chain acylcarnitine concentrations, but significant increases in medium-chain acylcarnitines. In the NIMP group, none of the acylcarnitines significantly decreased, and significant increases were noted in long-, medium-, and short-chain acylcarnitines. Generalized estimating equations demonstrated that nine acylcarnitines could discriminate the IMP group from the NIMP group, including three long-chain (C18:1, C16, and C16:1) and six short-chain acylcarnitines (C5, C5-OH, C4, C4:1-DC, C3, and C2). After adjusting for age, the six short-chain acylcarnitines remained significant. Changes in short-chain acylcarnitine profiles are independently associated with the improvement in cardiac systolic function after acute decompensation.


Assuntos
Carnitina/análogos & derivados , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Idoso , Carnitina/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ésteres/metabolismo , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico , Sístole
10.
J Vis Exp ; (163)2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986029

RESUMO

Based on twice transverse aortic constrictions (TACs) in mice, it is proved that myocardial hypertrophic preconditioning (MHP) could attenuate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and slow down progression to heart failure. For novices, however, the MHP model is usually quite difficult to establish because of the technical obstacles in ventilator operation, opening the chest repeatedly, and bleeding caused by debanding. To facilitate this model, to increase the surgical success rate and to reduce the incidence of bleeding, we switched to absorbable sutures for the first TAC combing with a ventilator-free technique. Using a 2-week absorbable suture, we demonstrated that this procedure could cause significant myocardial hypertrophy in 2 weeks; and 4 weeks after surgery, myocardial hypertrophy was almost completely regressed to the baseline. Using this protocol, the operators could master the MHP model easily with a lower operation mortality.


Assuntos
Aorta/patologia , Aorta/cirurgia , Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Suturas , Anestesia , Animais , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomegalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomegalia/fisiopatologia , Constrição , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ligadura , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pressão , Sístole
11.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 13(8): e008437, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of systolic heart failure among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute dyspnea is challenging. The reasons for dyspnea are often multifactorial. A focused physical evaluation and diagnostic testing can lack sensitivity and specificity. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy of an artificial intelligence-enabled ECG to identify patients presenting with dyspnea who have left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). METHODS: We retrospectively applied a validated artificial intelligence-enabled ECG algorithm for the identification of LVSD (defined as LV ejection fraction ≤35%) to a cohort of patients aged ≥18 years who were evaluated in the ED at a Mayo Clinic site with dyspnea. Patients were included if they had at least one standard 12-lead ECG acquired on the date of the ED visit and an echocardiogram performed within 30 days of presentation. Patients with prior LVSD were excluded. We assessed the model performance using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. RESULTS: A total of 1606 patients were included. Median time from ECG to echocardiogram was 1 day (Q1: 1, Q3: 2). The artificial intelligence-enabled ECG algorithm identified LVSD with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.89 (95% CI, 0.86-0.91) and accuracy of 85.9%. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value were 74%, 87%, 97%, and 40%, respectively. To identify an ejection fraction <50%, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 0.85 (95% CI, 0.83-0.88), 86%, 63%, and 91%, respectively. NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) alone at a cutoff of >800 identified LVSD with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.76-0.84). CONCLUSIONS: The ECG is an inexpensive, ubiquitous, painless test which can be quickly obtained in the ED. It effectively identifies LVSD in selected patients presenting to the ED with dyspnea when analyzed with artificial intelligence and outperforms NT-proBNP. Graphic Abstract: A graphic abstract is available for this article.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia , Diagnóstico por Computador , Dispneia/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
12.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(6): 489-494, 2020 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842259

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the association between serum levels of osteopontin (OPN) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) in healthy men following acute high altitude exposure. Methods: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, this observational study included 94 male subjects (aged from 18 to 30 years, dwelling in lowland<500 m) who ascended to Litang (4 100 m) from Chongqing (400 m) by bus with a stair-like journey within 7 days in June 2013. Data including basic information, OPN, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) and echocardiographic derived sPAP were collected within 48 hours before ascent and within 2-7 hours after arrival. Accordingly, subjects were divided into 3 groups based on the tertiles of sPAP after acute high altitude exposure: low sPAP group (26.8-32.3 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)) (n=31), middle sPAP group (32.4-37.4 mmHg) (n=32) and high sPAP group (37.5-55.6 mmHg) (n=31). Associations of serum OPN and SOD levels with sPAP were analysed by univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: After acute high altitude exposure, the levels of sPAP were significantly increased (P<0.001). There were no differences in age, height, weight, body mass index, percent of Han nationality and smoking among 3 subgroups. However, following acute high altitude exposure, the levels of heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure elevated (all P<0.05), whereas the levels of oxygen saturation were reduced in the total subjects and all subgroups (all P<0.05). Moreover, systolic blood pressure of subjects in the high sPAP group was higher than that in low and middle sPAP groups (both P<0.05), and diastolic blood pressure of subjects in high sPAP group was higher than that in low sPAP group (P<0.05). The serum levels of OPN were increased in total cohort(27.9 (22.5,34.0) µg/L vs. 25.6 (18.4, 33.1) µg/L, P<0.05), and high sPAP group (P<0.05), whereas no differences were found in serum SOD and MDA levels among groups. Furthermore, the serum level of OPN in high sPAP group was higher than that in low sPAP group at high altitude (P<0.05), and there was a trend for decline in SOD level with increasing sPAP (P>0.05). Results from univariable linear regression analysis showed that the serum levels of OPN (r=0.32, P=0.002) and SOD (r=-0.22,P=0.032) were linearly correlated with sPAP in total cohort after high altitude exposure. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the serum levels of OPN(ß=0.310,P=0.002) and SOD (ß=-0.199,P=0.043) were independently associated with the levels of sPAP at high altitude. Conclusion: After acute high altitude exposure, the serum level of OPN is positively associated with sPAP, suggesting that OPN may be a novel bio-marker for predicting the increase of pulmonary pressure in response to acute high altitude exposure.


Assuntos
Altitude , Osteopontina , Adolescente , Adulto , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar , Sístole , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238039, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853284

RESUMO

Sepsis is a global economic and health burden. Dipeptidyl peptidase 3 (DPP3) is elevated in the plasma of septic patients. The highest levels of circulating DPP3 (cDPP3) are found in non-survivor septic shock patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of inhibiting cDPP3 by a specific antibody, Procizumab (PCZ), on cardiac function in an experimental model of sepsis, the caecal ligature and puncture (CLP) model. Rats were monitored by invasive blood pressure and echocardiography. Results are presented as mean ± SD, with p <0.05 considered significant. PCZ rapidly restored left ventricular shortening fraction (from 39 ± 4% to 51 ± 2% before and 30 min after PCZ administration (p = 0.004)). Cardiac output and stroke volume were higher in the CLP + PCZ group when compared to the CLP + PBS group (152 ± 33 mL/min vs 97 ± 25 mL/min (p = 0.0079), and 0.5 ± 0.1 mL vs 0.3 ± 1.0 mL (p = 0.009), respectively) with a markedly reduced plasma DPP3 activity (138 ± 70 U/L in CLP + PCZ group versus 735 ± 255 U/L (p = 0.048) in the CLP + PBS group). Of note, PCZ rapidly reduced oxidative stress in the heart of the CLP + PCZ group when compared to those of the CLP + PBS group (13.3 ± 8.2 vs 6.2 ± 2.5 UI, p = 0.005, 120 min after administration, respectively). Our study demonstrates that inhibition of cDPP3 by PCZ restored altered cardiac function during sepsis in rats.


Assuntos
Dipeptidil Peptidases e Tripeptidil Peptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Dipeptidil Peptidases e Tripeptidil Peptidases/sangue , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Coração/fisiopatologia , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sepse/enzimologia , Sístole/efeitos dos fármacos , Sístole/fisiologia
14.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 215(4): 828-833, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, image quality, and radiation dose of high-pitch coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) recipients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Twenty-two consecutive OHT recipients (16 men, six women; median age, 66.5 years [interquartile range, 51.3-70.3 years]; median heart rate, 91 beats/min [interquartile range, 79.3-97.3 beats/min]) underwent CCTA with a third-generation dual-source CT scanner in high-pitch mode to rule out coronary allograft vasculopathy. Data acquisition was triggered at 30% of the R-R interval. Two independent observers blindly assessed image quality on a per-segment, per-vessel, and per-patient basis using a 4-point scale (4, excellent; 1, not evaluative). Scores 2-4 indicated diagnostic quality. Studies were compared with previously performed retrospective ECG-gated examinations, when available. Interobserver agreement on the image quality was assessed with kappa statistics. Radiation dose was recorded. RESULTS. A total of 322 coronary segments were evaluated. Diagnostic image quality was observed in 97.5% of the segments. Interobserver agreement for image quality assessment was very good on a per-patient (κ = 0.82), per-vessel (κ = 0.83), and per-segment basis (κ = 0.89). The median per-patient image quality score was 4.0 (3.0-4.0) for the entire coronary tree. A comparison of image quality scores between high-pitch and retrospective ECG-gated CCTA examinations showed no significant differences, but the estimated mean radiation dose was significantly lower for the high-pitch mode (median dose-length product, 31.6 mGy × cm [interquartile range, 23.1-38.8 mGy × cm] vs 736.5 mGy × cm [interquartile range, 655.5-845.7 mGy × cm], p < 0.001). CONCLUSION. Performing single-heartbeat high-pitch CCTA during the systolic phase of the cardiac cycle in OHT recipients results in diagnostic image quality in coronary angiograms at very low radiation dose.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estenose Coronária/etiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doses de Radiação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sístole
15.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(4): 807-822, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681878

RESUMO

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects many individuals worldwide and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Controversy exists on whether or not to screen asymptomatic patients. Further complicating this is that many patients with a chronic lower extremity wound are often asymptomatic. PAD and traditional noninvasive vascular studies may be inaccurate in providing a correct diagnosis. A review of current and novel vascular assessment modalities along with their benefits and limitations are presented here. A combination of these vascular assessments may help improve accuracy in diagnosis, providing timely care to those patients in need.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Humanos , Pele/irrigação sanguínea , Dermatopatias Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Sístole/fisiologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia
16.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 17(4): 1479164120944134, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of sub-clinical left ventricular dysfunction among asymptomatic diabetic patients, while the secondary objectives were to determine its association with microvascular complications and to find correlation with the baseline clinical and demographic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 226 type 2 diabetic patients who did not have any diagnosed cardiac disease, baseline ECG abnormality or cardiac symptoms. Two-dimensional strain echocardiography was performed to estimate the prevalence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction by measuring global longitudinal strain rate (cutoff < 18). Its association with microvascular complications was analysed with SPSS 23 software. Other baseline clinical parameters and demographic profile were also analysed. RESULT: Among 226 patients (151 males, 75 females), cardiac abnormality was found in 29.2% patients. Diabetic microvascular complications (e.g. neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy) were strongly associated with it (each with p < 0.0001) in addition to dyslipidaemia, history of hypertension, higher body mass index and poor glycaemic parameters. Among them, proteinuria showed a linear inverse relationship without any specific cutoff value. CONCLUSION: It was found that sub-clinical left ventricular dysfunction was found in significantly high proportion among patients with microvascular complications. Hence, routine screening of all diabetics for such complications and subsequently high-risk patients undergoing strain echocardiography can be a very cost-effective diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic modality.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Doenças Assintomáticas , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Angiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
17.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236680, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722688

RESUMO

Cachexia is a common multifactorial syndrome in the advanced stages of cancer and accounts for approximately 20-30% of all cancer-related fatalities. In addition to the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass, cancer results in impairments in cardiac function. We recently demonstrated that WFA attenuates the cachectic skeletal muscle phenotype induced by ovarian cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ovarian cancer induces cardiac cachexia, the possible pathway involved, and whether WFA attenuates cardiac cachexia. Xenografting of ovarian cancer induced cardiac cachexia, leading to the loss of normal heart functions. Treatment with WFA rescued the heart weight. Further, ovarian cancer induced systolic dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction Treatment with WFA preserved systolic function in tumor-bearing mice, but diastolic dysfunction was partially improved. In addition, WFA abrogated the ovarian cancer-induced reduction in cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area. Finally, treatment with WFA ameliorated fibrotic deposition in the hearts of tumor-bearing animals. We observed a tumor-induced MHC isoform switching from the adult MHCα to the embryonic MHCß isoform, which was prevented by WFA treatment. Circulating Ang II level was increased significantly in the tumor-bearing, which was lowered by WFA treatment. Our results clearly demonstrated the induction of cardiac cachexia in response to ovarian tumors in female NSG mice. Further, we observed induction of proinflammatory markers through the AT1R pathway, which was ameliorated by WFA, in addition to amelioration of the cachectic phenotype, suggesting WFA as a potential therapeutic agent for cardiac cachexia in oncological paradigms.


Assuntos
Caquexia/tratamento farmacológico , Caquexia/etiologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Miocárdio/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Vitanolídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Caquexia/patologia , Caquexia/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Diástole/fisiologia , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Sístole/efeitos dos fármacos , Sístole/fisiologia , Vitanolídeos/uso terapêutico
18.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236490, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716921

RESUMO

Individuals with spinal cord injury develop cardiovascular disease more than age-matched, non-injured cohorts. However, progression of systolic and diastolic dysfunction into cardiovascular disease after spinal cord injury is not well described. We sought to investigate the relationship between systolic and diastolic function in chronic spinal cord injury to describe how biological sex, level, severity, and duration of injury correlate with structural changes in the left ventricle. Individuals with chronic spinal cord injury participated in this study (n = 70). Registered diagnostic cardiac sonographers used cardiac ultrasound to measure dimensions, mass, and systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle. We found no significant relationship to severity or duration of injury with left ventricle measurements, systolic function outcome, or diastolic function outcome. Moreover, nearly all outcomes measured were within the American Society of Echocardiography-defined healthy range. Similar to non-injured individuals, when indexed by body surface area (BSA) left ventricle mass [-14 (5) g/m2, p < .01], end diastolic volume [-6 (3) mL/m2, p < .05], and end systolic volume [-4 (1) mL/m2, p < .01] were significantly decreased in women compared with men. Likewise, diastolic function outcomes significantly worsened with age: E-wave velocity [-5 (2), p < .01], E/A ratio [-0.23 (0.08), p < .01], and e' velocity [lateral: -1.5 (0.3) cm/s, p < .001; septal: -0.9 (0.2), p < .001] decreased with age while A-wave velocity [5 (1) cm/s, p < .001] and isovolumic relaxation time [6 (3) ms, p < .05] increased with age. Women demonstrated significantly decreased cardiac size and volumes compared with men, but there was no biological relationship to dysfunction. Moreover, individuals were within the range of ASE-defined healthy values with no evidence of systolic or diastolic function and no meaningful relationship to level, severity, or duration of injury. Decreases to left ventricular dimensions and mass seen in spinal cord injury may result from adaptation rather than maladaptive myocardial remodeling, and increased incidence of cardiovascular disease may be related to modifiable risk factors.


Assuntos
Diástole/fisiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Sístole/fisiologia , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Tamanho do Órgão
19.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235791, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal left ventricular (LV) contraction can be impaired in the presence of a normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF), and abnormalities have been reported in global longitudinal strain (GLS), long-axis systolic excursion (SExc), and the peak systolic velocity (s`) of mitral annular motion using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). However, the relationships of GLS with s` and SExc have not been systematically evaluated in subjects with a normal LVEF, and whether these relationships might be affected by variations in LV end-diastolic length (LVEDL) and heart rate is unknown. METHODS: We investigated the univariate and multivariate correlations of GLS with TDI measurements of s` and SExc (both using averages of the septal and lateral walls), LVEDL and heart rate in subjects with a normal LVEF (>50%) but a low peak early diastolic mitral annular velocity (septal e`≤ 7.0 cm/s and lateral e`≤ 9 cm/s), and thus an increased risk of a future cardiac event. RESULTS: 84 subjects (age 66±8 years, 29 males) with a LVEF of 62±6% and GLS of -17.5±2.3% were studied. On univariate analysis the absolute value of GLS was positively correlated with s`(r = 0.28, p<0.01) and SExc (r = 0.50, p<0.001) and inversely correlated with heart rate (r = -0.36, p = 0.001), but was not correlated with LVEDL (r = -0.15). In multivariate models, SExc explained more of the variance in GLS than s`, and absolute GLS was not only positively correlated with SExc, but also inversely correlated with LVEDL. Heart rate was an independent inverse correlate of GLS in conjunction with LVEDL and either s` or SExc, but made a larger contribution in models which included s`. Interobserver correlations were close for s` and SExc (r = 0.89-0.93), but only moderate for GLS (r = 0.71). CONCLUSION: In subjects with a normal LVEF but reduced e`, the absolute value of GLS is more closely related to SExc than s`, and is also independently and inversely related to LVEDL and heart rate. Measurement of SExc may provide a useful additional or alternative technique to GLS for the assessment of LV long-axis function.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/anatomia & histologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico , Sístole
20.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235075, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess prevalence of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in stable cohort of COPD patients, where LV disease had been thoroughly excluded in advance. METHODS: 100 COPD outpatients in GOLD II-IV and 34 controls were included. Patients were divided by invasive mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) in COPD-PH (≥25 mmHg) and COPD-non-PH (<25 mmHg), which was subdivided in mPAP ≤20 mmHg and 21-24 mmHg. LV myocardial performance index (LV MPI) and strain by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) were used for evaluation of LV global and systolic function, respectively. LV MPI ≥0.51 and strain ≤-15.8% were considered abnormal. LV diastolic function was assessed by the ratio between peak early (E) and late (A) velocity, early TDI E´, E/E´, isovolumic relaxation time, and left atrium volume. RESULTS: LV MPI ≥0.51 was found in 64.9% and 88.5% and LV strain ≤-15.8% in 62.2.% and 76.9% in the COPD-non-PH and COPD-PH patients, respectively. Similarly, LV MPI and LV strain were impaired even in patients with mPAP <20 mmHg. In multiple regression analyses, residual volume and stroke volume were best associated to LV MPI and LV strain, respectively. Except for isovolumic relaxation time, standard diastolic echo indices as E/A, E´, E/E´ and left atrium volume did not change from normal individuals to COPD-non-PH. CONCLUSIONS: Subclinical LV systolic dysfunction was a frequent finding in this cohort of COPD patients, even in those with normal pulmonary artery pressure. Evidence of LV diastolic dysfunction was hardly present as measured by conventional echo indices.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diástole , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
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