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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1207-1214, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913158

RESUMO

Aims: Our study aimed to assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) changes during the initial stage of fixed orthodontic appliance therapy and determined the impact of various orthodontic therapy needs on the OHRQoL of Saudi patients seeking orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients aged 14-24 years (69% females) were recruited from the orthodontic clinics. OHRQoL was quantified by a self-administered short version of oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire used before treatment (T0) and following bonding of fixed appliance on days 1 (T1), 7 (T2), 14 (T3), and 30 (T4). The higher the OHIP-14 score, the poorer the OHRQoL. The dental health component (DHC) of the index of orthodontic treatment needs (IOTN) was used to assess malocclusion severity. The missing, overjet, crossbite, displacement, overbite (MOCDO) hierarchical scale was used to categorize the most severe feature in each patient and determine the grade of orthodontic treatment need. Changes of OHRQoL over time were compared using the Friedman test. Result: Overall OHIP-14 score significantly increased following orthodontic appliance bonding at T1 and T2 compared to T0 (P < 0.001). The functional limitation domains in OHIP-14 pain and discomfort, physical disability, psychological disability, and psychological discomfort were affected at T1 compared to T0 (P < 0.05). Grade 4 IOTN-DHC (definite treatment needs) significantly influenced most OHIP-14 domains compared to other grades. Conclusion: With the growing therapeutic and cosmetic demands of orthodontic treatment and the focus on OHRQoL, the study findings can be used to enhance patients' cooperation, expectation, and adherence to orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/terapia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Masculino , Dor , Arábia Saudita , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(5): 44-55, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that oral health is closely related to systemic diseases. Poor oral hygiene may lead to dental caries and periodontal disease and also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Patients with stroke have a possibility of recurrence, and good oral health is expected to benefit their general health. Nevertheless, nursing research exploring the oral health and oral hygiene behaviors of stroke patients has been rare. PURPOSE: To explore the factors significantly associated with oral health status and oral hygiene behaviors in patients with stroke. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design with convenient sampling was used. Information on health promoting behaviors and oral health status was collected in a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan. A multivariate linear regression model was applied to explore the factors associated with oral health status in patients with stroke. RESULTS: One hundred and eight-five patients with stroke were enrolled in this study. The average number of real teeth was 11.3 and the average score for oral health status was 4. The univariate analysis showed that being 65 years of age or older, having an education level below primary school, having a lower Barthel index score, having a higher modified Rankin scale score, not brushing and flossing, not having a regular tooth cleaning, having a lower of health promotion score, and having insufficient water intake levels were all associated with a worse oral health status. The stepwise regression analysis showed that factors affecting oral health status include health promotion behaviors, age, tooth brushing, and water intake, which, together, accounted for 28.5% of the total variance. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings indicate that oral health status, oral hygiene behaviors, and health promoting behaviors are inadequate among patients with stroke. Clinicians should promote health-related behaviors early to their patients with stroke, specifically in terms of implementing proper oral hygiene behaviors in daily routine care.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22352, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy for HIV in sub-Saharan Africa has transformed the highly infectious virus to a stable chronic condition, with the advent of Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The longterm effects of HAART on the oral health of children are understudied. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of lopinavir-ritonavir and lamivudine on oral health indicators (dental caries, gingivitis, tooth eruption, and oral health related quality of life) in 5 to 7 year old HIV-1 exposed uninfected children from the ANRS 12174 trial. METHODS: This study used data collected in 2017 among children aged 5 to 7 years from the Ugandan site of the ANRS 12174 randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT00640263) implemented between 2009 and 2012 in Mbale district, Eastern Uganda. The intervention was lopinavir-ritonavir or lamuvudine treatment to prevent vertical HIV-1 transmission. One hundred thirty-seven and 139 children were randomized to receive lopinavir-ritonavir or lamivudine treatment at day 7 postpartum to compare efficacy of prevention of vertical HIV-1 transmission. At follow up, the children underwent oral examination using the World Health Organization methods for field conditions. The oral health related quality of life was assessed using the early childhood oral health impact scale. Negative binomial and logistic regression were used for the analysis of data. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dental caries, gingivitis, tooth eruption, and oral health related quality of life) in 5 to 7 year old HIV-1 exposed uninfected children. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental caries was 48% in the study sample: 49% in the lopinavir-ritonavir arm and 48% in the lamivudine treatment group. The corresponding mean decayed missing filled teeth and standard deviation was 1.7 (2.4) and 2.3 (3.7) The mean number (standard deviation) of erupted permanent teeth was 3.8 (3.7) and 4.6 (3.9) teeth in the lopinavir- and lamivudine group, respectively. The prevalence of reported impacts on oral health was 7% in the lopinavir-ritonavir and 18% in the lamivudine group. Gingivitis had a prevalence of 7% in the lopinavir-ritonavir and 14% lamivudine treatment group. The regression analysis revealed 70% less reported impacts on oral health in lopinavir-ritonavir group than the lamivudine treatment group with an incidence rate ratio of 0.3 (95% confidence interval: 0.1-0.9). CONCLUSIONS: HIV exposed uninfected infants in the lopinavir-ritonavir group reported less impacts on oral health than the lamivudine treatment group. Dental caries, gingivitis, and tooth eruption were not significantly affected by the treatment lopinavir-ritonavir or lamivudine. TRIAL REGISTRATION CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00640263.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Gengivite/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Lamivudina/farmacologia , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Lopinavir/farmacologia , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Ritonavir/farmacologia , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Erupção Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Uganda/epidemiologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21534, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756203

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health and asthma/allergic rhinitis/atopic dermatitis in a large representative Korean adolescent population.A total of 136,027 participants (aged 12-18 years old) were selected from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey 2014 to 2015. The subjects' history of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis was determined by inquiring whether they had been diagnosed by a medical doctor within the previous 12 months or throughout life. Participants were asked if they had experienced the following 6 symptoms regarding oral health in the past 12 months: "chipped or broken tooth," "toothache when eating or drinking," "throbbing and sore tooth," "sore and bleeding gums," "pain in the tongue or inside the cheeks," and "unpleasant breath." The participants were divided into 3 groups according to the number of oral health-related symptoms as follows: good oral health (symptoms = 0), moderate oral health (symptoms = 1), and poor oral health (symptoms = 2-6). Multiple logistic regression analyses calculated the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for asthma/allergic rhinitis/atopic dermatitis within the past 12 months and throughout life among groups with oral health-related symptom groups.Older age, female sex, fewer days of physical activity, lower parental economic level, lower parental education level, smoking, and frequent alcohol consumption were associated with poor oral health (each P < .001). The aORs for asthma/allergic rhinitis/atopic dermatitis were 1.48 (95% CI = 1.34-1.63, P < .001), 1.42 (95% CI = 1.36-1.47, P < .001), and 1.35 (95% CI = 1.28-1.43, P < .001), respectively, in the poor oral health group compared to the good oral health group.Poor oral health was significantly correlated with the prevalence of asthma/allergic rhinitis/atopic dermatitis within the past 12 months and throughout life in Korean adolescents. Based on our comparative data, oral health-related education may be considered to adolescents with allergic disease for good oral health.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 85, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To verify the prevalence and factors associated with regular use of dental services in university students of the Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel). METHODS This cross-sectional study interviewed 1,865 students aged 18 years or older, starting bachelor's degrees in 2017, enrolled in the second academic semester of 2017 and in the first of 2018 in classroom courses at UFPel. We considered regular users those who reported regularly going to the dentist with or without perceived dental problems. To test factors associated with regular use of dental services, demographic, socioeconomic and oral health variables were collected. Statistical analyses were based on Poisson regression models. RESULTS The prevalence of regular use of dental services was 45.0% (95%CI 42.7-47.3). University students of high economic class (PR = 1.47; 95%CI 0.91-2.36), with last private dental appointment (PR = 1.29; 95%CI 1.03-1.61), positive self-perception of oral health (PR = 2.33; 95%CI 1.79-3.03) and no report of toothache in the last six months (PR = 1.22; 95%CI 1.03-1.45) showed higher prevalence of regular use of dental services. CONCLUSION The results point to inequalities in the regular use of dental services related to socioeconomic factors and a lower use among university students with worse oral health conditions. These results suggest that public health prevention and promotion policies in higher education institutions must be carried out to ensure quality of life among these young adults.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
6.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 20(10): 917-926, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830417

RESUMO

AIM: This large epidemiological survey of older people examined oral hypofunction and the relationship between oral hypofunction and frailty. METHODS: Participants were community-dwelling adults aged 65-85 years in Japan. The oral function evaluation included seven items (oral hygiene, oral dryness, occlusal force, tongue-lip motor function, tongue pressure, masticatory function and swallowing function), and oral hypofunction was defined as having abnormalities in at least three of these items. The frailty status was classified into three categories (robust, pre-frail and frail) according to the total Kihon Checklist score. We analyzed 978 subjects with complete data. The relationship between oral function and frailty status was analyzed using multivariate multinomial logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Approximately 60% of the older adults had oral hypofunction. The multivariate odds ratios (ORs) for a pre-frail or frail status were significantly higher for older people with reduced occlusal force, reduced tongue-lip motor function and deteriorated swallowing function than in those without deterioration of those items. Of the oral function items, swallowing function was most strongly associated with the frailty status, and the ORs (95% confidence interval [CI]) for deteriorated swallowing function in pre-frail and frail patients were 6.4 (3.9-10.8) and 10.2 (5.4-19.1), respectively. Those with oral hypofunction had significantly higher adjusted ORs for pre-frail (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-2.0) and frail (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.5) statuses. CONCLUSION: Many community-dwelling older people have reduced oral function or oral hypofunction, which is significantly associated with frailty in older people. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; 20: 917-926.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Força de Mordida , Lista de Checagem , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fragilidade , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independente , Japão , Masculino , Mastigação , Razão de Chances , Inquéritos e Questionários , Xerostomia/epidemiologia
7.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(6): e19981, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-605112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media has become increasingly important as a source of information for the public and is widely used for health-related information. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has exerted a negative impact on dental practices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the nature and diffusion of COVID-19-related oral health information on the Chinese social media site Weibo. METHODS: A total of 15,900 tweets related to oral health and dentistry information from Weibo during the COVID-19 outbreak in China (December 31, 2019, to March 16, 2020) were included in our study. Two researchers coded 1000 of the total tweets in advance, and two main thematic categories with eight subtypes were refined. The included tweets were analyzed over time and geographic region, and coded into eight thematic categories. Additionally, the time distributions of tweets containing information about dental services, needs of dental treatment, and home oral care during the COVID-19 epidemic were further analyzed. RESULTS: People reacted rapidly to the emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 threat to dental services, and a large amount of COVID-19-related oral health information was tweeted on Weibo. The time and geographic distribution of tweets shared similarities with epidemiological data of the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Tweets containing home oral care and dental services content were the most frequently exchanged information (n=4803/15,900, 30.20% and n=4478, 28.16%, respectively). Significant differences of public attention were found between various types of bloggers in dental services-related tweets (P<.001), and the tweets from the government and media engaged the most public attention. The distributions of tweets containing information about dental services, needs of dental treatment, and home oral care information dynamically changed with time. CONCLUSIONS: Our study overviewed and analyzed social media data on the dental services and oral health information during the COVID-19 epidemic, thus, providing insights for government organizations, media, and dental professionals to better facilitate oral health communication and efficiently shape public concern through social media when routine dental services are unavailable during an unprecedented event. The study of the nature and distribution of social media can serve as a useful adjunct tool to help make public health policies.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Odontologia , Comunicação em Saúde , Educação em Saúde , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Atenção , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias
8.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(6): e19981, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-543722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media has become increasingly important as a source of information for the public and is widely used for health-related information. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has exerted a negative impact on dental practices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the nature and diffusion of COVID-19-related oral health information on the Chinese social media site Weibo. METHODS: A total of 15,900 tweets related to oral health and dentistry information from Weibo during the COVID-19 outbreak in China (December 31, 2019, to March 16, 2020) were included in our study. Two researchers coded 1000 of the total tweets in advance, and two main thematic categories with eight subtypes were refined. The included tweets were analyzed over time and geographic region, and coded into eight thematic categories. Additionally, the time distributions of tweets containing information about dental services, needs of dental treatment, and home oral care during the COVID-19 epidemic were further analyzed. RESULTS: People reacted rapidly to the emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 threat to dental services, and a large amount of COVID-19-related oral health information was tweeted on Weibo. The time and geographic distribution of tweets shared similarities with epidemiological data of the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Tweets containing home oral care and dental services content were the most frequently exchanged information (n=4803/15,900, 30.20% and n=4478, 28.16%, respectively). Significant differences of public attention were found between various types of bloggers in dental services-related tweets (P<.001), and the tweets from the government and media engaged the most public attention. The distributions of tweets containing information about dental services, needs of dental treatment, and home oral care information dynamically changed with time. CONCLUSIONS: Our study overviewed and analyzed social media data on the dental services and oral health information during the COVID-19 epidemic, thus, providing insights for government organizations, media, and dental professionals to better facilitate oral health communication and efficiently shape public concern through social media when routine dental services are unavailable during an unprecedented event. The study of the nature and distribution of social media can serve as a useful adjunct tool to help make public health policies.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Odontologia , Comunicação em Saúde , Educação em Saúde , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Atenção , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e046, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578797

RESUMO

We assessed the association between edentulism and all-cause mortality among community-dwelling older adults from São Paulo, Brazil, from 2006 to 2017. This prospective cohort study used data from the Health, Well-being and Aging Study (SABE, Portuguese acronym). Edentulism was evaluated by means of clinical oral examination and all-cause mortality data were obtained from state official records. Covariates included socioeconomic factors (age, sex, and schooling); health behavior (smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity); dental care (prostheses use); general health (multimorbidity); and nutritional status (underweight). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were stratified by edentulism and compared using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards model was applied to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) for the association between edentulism and mortality after adjusting for covariates. The study sample included 1,687 participants (age, 60-102 years; edentulous: 47.2%). In the 11 years of follow-up, we analyzed 10,494 person-years and 566 deaths. In bivariate analysis, edentulous older adults were found to be at a higher risk of dying from all causes than the dentate participants (HR: 1.81; 95%CI: 1.53-2.15). After sequential adjustment for socioeconomic factors, health behavior, dental care, general health, and nutritional status, this association was attenuated, but remained significant (HR: 1.34; 95%CI: 1.10-1.63). In conclusion, edentulism is a significant predictor of all-cause mortality among older adults.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Boca Edêntula/mortalidade , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e040, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520075

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify factors associated with the need for complete dentures in one dental arch or both, among the elderly population. The cross-sectional household study was conducted with a representative sample of elderly people (65 years or older) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2015. The dependent variable was the need for complete dentures (in one arch or both), and independent variables were socioeconomic and demographic conditions, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services. Simple and multinomial logistic regression models tested effect measures (p < 0.05). A total of 5,948 elderly people participated. Results indicated that those with greater chances of needing a complete denture in one arch were male (OR = 1.54; CI95%:1.04-2.29), with fewer household goods (OR = 2.25; CI95%:1.50-3.38), lower monthly household income: R$501-1500 (OR = 3.44; CI95%:1.27-9.35), R$1501-2500 (OR = 4.11; CI95%:1.50-11.27), R$2501-4500 (OR = 2.76; CI95%:1.10-6.95), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 4.75; CI95%:3.08-7.35), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 1.80; CI95%:1.06-3.05). There were more chances of the need for complete dentures in both arches among older elders (OR = 1.44; CI95%:1.06-1.88), with lower monthly household income: R$ < 501 (OR = 4.45; CI95%:1.71-11.60), R$501-1500 (OR = 4.01; CI95%:2.14-7.51), R$1501-2500 (OR = 2.95; CI95%:1.64-5.32), < 3 years of education (OR = 1.45; CI95%:1.13-1.85), feeling unhappy (OR = 2.74; CI95%:1.35-5.57), self-reported need for a complete denture (OR = 8.48; CI95%:5.75-12.50), dissatisfaction with their mouth (OR = 2.38; CI95%:1.64-3.46), ≥3 years since last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43), and dissatisfaction with last dental appointment (OR = 4.28; CI95%:2.85-6.43). The several dimensions of the determinants of the need for a complete denture reflect the influence of both demographic and socioeconomic aspects, social capital, self-perception of oral health and access to dental services.


Assuntos
Prótese Total/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Arco Dental , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoimagem , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 181, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In a global perspective, oral health among adolescents has improved during recent decades. However, oral problems still persist especially in many underprivileged societies. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of oral impacts in adolescents and to identify important clinical- and socio-demographic covariates. In addition, this study compares Maasai and non-Maasai adolescents regarding any association of socio-demographic and clinical covariates with oral impacts on daily performances. METHODS: A total of 989 adolescents were invited from 23 randomly selected public primary schools in Monduli and Longido districts, Tanzania. All adolescents attending 6th grade classes were invited to participate. A total of 930 accepted and of those 24 were excluded, leaving 906 (91.6%) participants for the study. RESULTS: A total of 143/906 (15.8%) had at-least one oral impact on daily performances (OIDP > 0), 14.6% among the Maasai and 20.5% among the non-Maasai ethnic group. Cluster adjusted logistic regression revealed that: adolescents from Longido district (OR = 0.4) and adolescents with good oral hygiene (OR = 0.7) were less likely to report OIDP> 0 and; non Maasai (OR = 1.6), those with least poor parents (OR = 2.0), DMFT> 0 (OR = 3.1) and those with positive answers to questions regarding TMD pain, 2Q/TMD > 0 (OR = 3.9) were more likely to report OIDP> 0. Stratified logistic regression by ethnicity revealed that, among the non-Maasais, older adolescents (OR = 3.7, 95% CI 1.1-12.8), those with DMFT> 0 (OR = 3.3 (1.2-9.0) and 2Q/TMD > 0 (OR = 9.0, 95% CI 3.3-25.0) were more likely to report at least one OIDP. The corresponding figures among the Maasais were (OR = 0.9, 95% CI 0.5-1.7), (OR = 2.8, 95% CI 1.4-5.5) and (OR = 3.0, 95% CI 1.7-5.2), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of oral impacts was moderate but higher among the non-Maasai- than Maasai-adolescents attending rural primary schools in the Maasai population areas of Tanzania. This study also confirmed socioeconomic and oral clinical disparities in OIDP, some of which differed according to ethnicity. Caries experience and self-reported TMD pain associated more strongly with OIDP among the non-Maasais than among the Maasais. These results are important for public oral health decision makers who plan strategies for optimal primary oral health care and quality of life among adolescents belonging to minority groups in Tanzania.


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/etnologia , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/etnologia , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , População Rural , Tanzânia/epidemiologia
13.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233972, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study of oral health literacy (OHL) is likely to gain new and interesting insights with the use of network analysis, a powerful analytical tool that allows the investigation of complex systems of relationships. Our aim was to investigate the relationships between oral health literacy and oral health-related factors in a sample of Indigenous Australian adults using a network analysis approach. METHODS: Data from 400 Indigenous Australian adults was used to estimate four regularised partial correlation networks. Initially, a network with the 14 items of the Health Literacy in Dentistry scale (HeLD-14) was estimated. In a second step, psychosocial, sociodemographic and oral health-related factors were included in the network. Finally, two networks were estimated for participants with high and low oral health literacy. Participants were categorised into 'high' or 'low' OHL networks based on a median split. Centrality measures, clustering coefficients, network stability, and edge accuracy were evaluated. A permutation-based test was used to test differences between networks. RESULTS: Solid connections among HeLD-14 items followed the structure of theoretical domains across all networks. Oral health-related self-efficacy, sporting activities, and self-rated oral health status were the strongest positively associated nodes with items of the HeLD-14 scale. HeLD-14 items were the four most central nodes in both HeLD-14 + covariates network and high OHL network, but not in the low OHL network. Differences between high and low OHL models were observed in terms of overall network structure, edge weight, and clustering coefficient. CONCLUSION: Network models captured the dynamic relationships between oral health literacy and psychosocial, sociodemographic and oral health-related factors. Discussion on the implications of these findings for informing the development of targeted interventions to improve oral health literacy is presented.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(6): e19981, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media has become increasingly important as a source of information for the public and is widely used for health-related information. The outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has exerted a negative impact on dental practices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the nature and diffusion of COVID-19-related oral health information on the Chinese social media site Weibo. METHODS: A total of 15,900 tweets related to oral health and dentistry information from Weibo during the COVID-19 outbreak in China (December 31, 2019, to March 16, 2020) were included in our study. Two researchers coded 1000 of the total tweets in advance, and two main thematic categories with eight subtypes were refined. The included tweets were analyzed over time and geographic region, and coded into eight thematic categories. Additionally, the time distributions of tweets containing information about dental services, needs of dental treatment, and home oral care during the COVID-19 epidemic were further analyzed. RESULTS: People reacted rapidly to the emerging severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 threat to dental services, and a large amount of COVID-19-related oral health information was tweeted on Weibo. The time and geographic distribution of tweets shared similarities with epidemiological data of the COVID-19 outbreak in China. Tweets containing home oral care and dental services content were the most frequently exchanged information (n=4803/15,900, 30.20% and n=4478, 28.16%, respectively). Significant differences of public attention were found between various types of bloggers in dental services-related tweets (P<.001), and the tweets from the government and media engaged the most public attention. The distributions of tweets containing information about dental services, needs of dental treatment, and home oral care information dynamically changed with time. CONCLUSIONS: Our study overviewed and analyzed social media data on the dental services and oral health information during the COVID-19 epidemic, thus, providing insights for government organizations, media, and dental professionals to better facilitate oral health communication and efficiently shape public concern through social media when routine dental services are unavailable during an unprecedented event. The study of the nature and distribution of social media can serve as a useful adjunct tool to help make public health policies.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Odontologia , Comunicação em Saúde , Educação em Saúde , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Atenção , China/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pandemias
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e036, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321054

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with toothache in the adult population of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Individual data from a population sample (age 35 to 44 years) were collected from a secondary database of the SB Minas survey. Sampling was carried out by clusters and with multiple drawing stages. The eligibility criteria were to reside in areas chosen for the research, be within the age group, and accept to participate in the research. The individual variables assessed by a questionnaire and dental exams were sex, income, race/skin color, root caries, periodontal condition, need for dental treatment, and last dental appointment. The contextual variables, assessed by municipal indexes, were Human Development Index (HDI), illiteracy, unemployment, half minimum wage, quarter minimum wage, oral health team coverage, access to individual health care, and supervised tooth brushing average. The dependent variable was toothache in the past six months. A descriptive analysis was made using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and Hierarchical Linear and Nonlinear Modeling Software was used to perform the multilevel analyses for individual and contextual levels. An association was found between toothache and low income (OR = 2.00; 95%CI = 1.32-3.13), dental caries (OR = 1.86; 95%CI = 1.22-2.86), periodontal condition, and living on a quarter of the minimum wage or less (OR = 1.03; 95%CI = 1.00-1.08). Clinical and social factors were associated with toothache, reinforcing the need to improve public polices in oral health focused on the adult population.


Assuntos
Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/etiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo
16.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 37, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if factors related to the mother's previous guidance on her children's dental health and the school attendance of children influence the regular dental care of preschoolers living in the rural area of a municipality in Southern Brazil. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted with 264 children under five years of age and their mothers. Socioeconomic and behavioral data were collected using a questionnaire, and the children were subjected to dental health tests. The outcome was the regular use of dental services. The main exposure variables were children's care in daycare centers or schools and maternal guidance on the child's dental health. Poisson regression analysis with robust variance adjustment was used to estimate prevalence ratios, considering a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: The prevalence of regular use was 11.4% (95%CI 7.5-15.2). In the adjusted analysis, the regular use of services was associated with the child attending day care center/school (PR = 2.44; 95%CI 1.38-4.34), and the mother received dental health guidance (PR = 4.13; 95%CI 1.77-9.61), even with control for socioeconomic, maternal and child variables. CONCLUSION: When mothers receive previous information on child dental health care and children attend schools or daycare centers, the likelihood of regular dental appointments in preschoolers living in rural locations increases.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Saúde Bucal/educação , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Relações Mãe-Filho , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Saúde da População Rural , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 423, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Very few studies consider the oral health status and quality of life in HIV-1 exposed uninfected (HEU) children. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of caries in primary teeth and its oral health related quality of life impacts in HEU children compared to HIV-unexposed-uninfected (HUU) children, whilst adjusting for confounding covariates. METHODS: This study uses data from the Ugandan site of the ANRS 121741 PROMISE- PEP trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00640263) conducted in 2009-2013 that recruited mothers with HIV-1 and their uninfected children. Of 244 HEU-children-caretaker pairs available at the end of the one-year trial, 166 were re-enrolled in the ANRS 12341 PROMISE-PEP M&S study at 5-7 years and 164 were included in this study. These were age and sex-matched with 181 HUU children-caretaker comparators. Caries experience was recorded using World Health Organization's Decayed, Missed and Filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) indices. The Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was used for assessment of oral health related quality of life. Mixed effects logistic regression was conducted with dmft and ECOHIS scores as outcomes and HIV-1 exposure status as the main exposure. RESULTS: Forty-eight percent of HEU children and 60% of HUU had dmft> 0. Corresponding figures for ECOHIS> 0 were 12% of HEU and 22% of HUU. The crude analysis showed differences related to HIV-1 exposure in caries experience and oral health related quality of life. Mixed effect logistic regression analyses were not significant when adjusted for use of dental care and toothache. If caregivers' DMFT> 0, the adjusted odds ratio for caries experience (dmft> 0) was 1.6 (95% CI: 1.0-2.8) while if dmft> 0 the adjusted odds ratio for quality of life impacts (ECOHIS> 0) was 4.6 (95% CI: 2.0-10.6). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of untreated caries in primary teeth and quality of life impacts was high in this study population. HIV-1 exposed uninfected children were not more likely than HUU children to experience dental caries or have impaired oral health related quality of life. Given the global expansion of the HEU child population, the present findings indicating no adverse effect of pre- and post-natal HIV-1 exposure on caries in deciduous teeth are reassuring.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , HIV-1 , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Estudos de Coortes , Cárie Dentária/virologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Gravidez , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Uganda/epidemiologia
18.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 65, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of cohort studies on the influence factors of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to follow subjects from age 12 to 18 to analyse the sociodemographic and clinical factors that may influence OHRQoL. METHODS: This cohort study selected a representative sample from Hong Kong. Periodontal status and caries were examined according to WHO criteria. Four orthodontic indices were used to assess malocclusion. Child Perceptions Questionnaires (CPQ11-14) with 8 items (CPQ11-14-ISF: 8) and 37 items were used to assess OHRQoL at age 12 and age 15, respectively; Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to assess OHRQoL at age 18. Wilcoxon signed ranks test and Friedman's test were used to analyse the age-related change of OHRQoL and malocclusion from age 12 to 18. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyse the influence factors of OHRQoL and to calculate adjusted risk ratio (RR). RESULTS: Subjects recruited in this study were 589 (305 females, 284 males), 364 (186 females, 178 males) and 300 (165 females, 135 males) at age 12, 15 and 18, respectively. Among them, 331 subjects (172 females, 159 males) were followed from age 12 to 15, and 118 subjects (106 females, 82 males) were followed from age 12 to 18. Subjects had less severe malocclusion at age 12 than at ages 15 and 18 (p = 0.000, measured by Dental Aesthetic Index). Age, periodontal status, and malocclusion had an effect on OHRQoL. When compared with OHRQoL at age 12, worse OHRQoL was observed at age 15 (adjusted RR = 1.06, 95%CI = 1.01-1.12, p = 0.032), but not at age 18 (adjusted RR = 1.01, 95%CI = 0.95-1.08, p = 0.759). Unhealthy periodontal conditions had a negative effect on OHRQoL (adjusted RR = 1.14, 95%CI = 1.04-1.25, p = 0.007). Only severe malocclusions had a negative effect on OHRQoL; a more severe malocclusion was associated with a higher effect on OHRQoL (adjusted RR = 1.09, 95%CI = 1.01-1.18, p = 0.032 for severe malocclusion, and adjusted RR = 1.17, 95%CI = 1.07-1.28, p = 0.001 for very severe malocclusion measured by Dental Aesthetic Index). CONCLUSION: Age, periodontal status, and malocclusion had an influence on OHRQoL from age 12 to 18. When clinicians attempt to improve subjects' OHRQoL, it is necessary to consider these factors.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão/psicologia , Doenças Periodontais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 24(3): 262-268, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115606

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the study was to examine whether a combination of self-reported masticatory ability and regular dental care is linked to mortality and issuance of new long-term care insurance (LTCI) service certifications. METHODS: Older residents in institutions or in need of LTCI certification requirements were excluded, and self-administered questionnaires were sent to 5,400 older adults in 2013; these participants were followed for 5 years. The total response rate was 94.3%, and our final sample comprised 4,824 older adults (89.3%). We used 3 items to assess self-reported masticatory ability and regular dental care. These included (1) decline in chewing abilities of the posterior teeth on either side, (2) not brushing one's own teeth or dentures at least once a day, and (3) not visiting the dentist at least once a year. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants at baseline was 75.9 years, and 58.4% of them were women. Main outcomes included mortality (n = 562) or new LTCI certification requirements (n = 1187) during the 5-year period. Multivariate analyses revealed that a poor score on masticatory ability and on regular dental care produced significant adverse health outcomes leading to earlier negative outcomes. The score is considered poor as it increases relative to the 0-point reference. DISCUSSION: Regular dental care (both self-and professional care) and maintaining masticatory ability are both important. Hence, public activities focusing on preventive oral health from middle age onward is important.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/métodos , Mastigação/fisiologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 83, 2020 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess caries prevalence and experience among 11 to 14 years, school children, analyze demographic, socioeconomic, personal and professional dental care in relation to untreated carious lesions, and evaluates the effect of decayed teeth on early adolescents' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical investigation was conducted on 1020 preparatory schoolchildren selected on the basis of a multistage sampling technique. Caries status of the participants detected via recording their caries experience and untreated cavities using DMFT and DT indices. OHRQoL was determined using a validated Arabic CPQ11-14 short-form questionnaire. Statistical methods for descriptive analysis, chi-square test, Independent-Samples t test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used. Multivariate Poisson regression analysis through a hierarchical approach was used to detect the influence of independent variables on DT scores. To declare the association between independent variables and QoL, a step-by-step, multivariate regression analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The average scores of DMFT and DT in this study were 2.97 ± 1.29 and 1.66 ± 1.24. Poisson regression analysis demonstrated that early adolescents whom their mothers with a lower level of education and of low socioeconomic status were 1.41 and 1.27 times respectively had higher DT scores when compared with their peers. Untreated cavities affected mainly by mother education, school type, family income, and regular dental appointments. Children with DMFT≤3) or DT = 0 recorded a statistically significant lower CPQ11-14 average score (p<0.01) and (p<0.0001) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Untreated carious cavities and caries experience were associated with lower socioeconomic, maternal education andl ess frequent tooth brushing. Untreated carious cavities have a significant negative impact on schoolchildren's QoL.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/patologia , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Dente Decíduo/patologia
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