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2.
Hum Resour Health ; 19(1): 58, 2021 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid and effective emergency response to address health security relies on a competent and suitably trained local and international workforce. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted that the health security workforce needs to be well equipped to tackle current and future challenges. In this study, we explored whether training in applied epidemiology was meeting the current needs of the applied epidemiology workforce. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey that was available in English and French. We used purposive and snowballing sampling techniques to identify potential survey respondents. An online social media advertisement campaign was used to disseminate a REDCap survey link between October 2019 and February 2020 through field epidemiology networks. Survey questions included demographic details of participants, along with their technical background, level of formal education, topics studied during epidemiology training, and years of experience as an epidemiologist. We used Pearson Chi-squared (Chi2) to test the difference between categorical variables, and content analysis to evaluate responses to open-ended questions. RESULTS: In total, 282 people responded to the survey. Participants had a range of formal public health and epidemiology training backgrounds. Respondents applied epidemiology experience spanned almost 30 years, across 64 countries. Overall, 74% (n = 210) were alumni of Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETP). Basic outbreak and surveillance training was well reported by respondents, however training in specialised techniques related to emergency response, communication, and leadership was less common. FETP graduates reported higher levels of formal training in all survey topics. CONCLUSION: It is critical for the health security workforce to be well-trained and equipped with skills needed to ensure a rapid and effective response to acute public health events. Leadership, communication, interpersonal skills, and specialist training in emergency response are lacking in current training models. Our study has demonstrated that applied epidemiology workforce training must evolve to remain relevant to current and future public health challenges.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Epidemiologistas/educação , Saúde Pública/educação , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos
4.
Front Public Health ; 9: 630974, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791268

RESUMO

The coronavirus outbreak in the United States continues to pose a serious threat to human lives. Public health measures to slow down the spread of the virus involve using a face mask, social-distancing, and frequent hand washing. Since the beginning of the pandemic, there has been a global campaign on the use of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to curtail the spread of the virus. However, the number of cases, mortality, and hospitalization continue to rise globally, including in the United States. We developed a mathematical model to assess the impact of a public health education program on the coronavirus outbreak in the United States. Our simulation showed the prospect of an effective public health education program in reducing both the cumulative and daily mortality of the novel coronavirus. Finally, our result suggests the need to obey public health measures as loss of willingness would increase the cumulative and daily mortality in the United States.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde , Saúde Pública/educação , /mortalidade , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562849

RESUMO

Climate change is putting the achievement of all Sustainable Development Goals at risk and leads to negative impacts on human health and well-being. Consequently, tremendous social responsibility lies with public health professionals and their associations. Therefore, this study addressed the following question: "How can the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER) best support the goals of the European Green Deal through its network of public health schools and departments?" This study looked at the implementation of climate education in public health schools in the European region and climate action taken by these public health schools. An online survey among ASPHER members with a 51% overall response rate (excluding non-European members) shows that 64% of the responding schools provide climate-health educational offerings, while 63% consider these for the future. Additionally, most climate actions taken by the schools were ad hoc actions. These findings show that a systematic approach is missing, and there is a general lack of strategy in most schools. We consequently recommend that schools invest in climate and health education in their curricula and become exemplars for climate action to actively contribute to the achievement of Europe's climate goals.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Faculdades de Saúde Pública , Mudança Climática , Currículo , Humanos , Saúde Pública/educação , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 45(2): 95-100, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the numbers of degree completions, variety of available courses and demographics of students who study public health in Australia. METHODS: We utilised national completions data from universities between 2001 and 2018 and analysed data for students who had completed degrees labelled as public health at the bachelor's and master's by coursework level. RESULTS: There have been 21,000 master's by coursework public health graduates since 2001, and 15,770 public health bachelor's degrees. Nearly two-thirds of all students study in a 'broad' degree, such as a Bachelor of Health Science or Master of Public Health. There has been an increase in the proportion of overseas students and a decreasing proportion of Indigenous students over this time. CONCLUSIONS: Given the growth of graduates with public health degrees, there should be an increased focus on relevant job opportunities, as supply may be outpacing demand. Implications for public health: We note three potential issues with public health education and practice in Australia. Firstly, there may be an oversupply of graduates relative to opportunities. Secondly, there may be inconsistencies in the delivery of public health courses. Thirdly, curricula may need to be revised, owing to differences in student composition.


Assuntos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública/educação , Recursos Humanos , Adulto , Austrália , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Educação Profissionalizante , Educação Profissional em Saúde Pública , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(1): 110-113, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455141

RESUMO

Colleges and universities are the cradle for public health talents training. Under the epidemic situation, the new requirements for the construction of public health service system and the promotion of population health, urged us to rethink how to reform the training of public health talents in colleges and universities. This research focused on key problems of the construction and distribution, scale, orientation, and contents of training for various public health talents in colleges and universities. It was suggested to reinforce the balanced development of public health in colleges and universities in various areas in China, to refine interdisciplinary training, to intensively cultivate technical and research-oriented talents, to expand talents within and outside the colleges and universities, as well as to introduce and cultivate public health teachers simultaneously, so as to better play the role of colleges and universities in the training of the public health talents.


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Universidades , China , Currículo , Humanos , Saúde Pública/educação , Estados Unidos
10.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 25(1): 33-40, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding basic epidemiology and public health concepts is essential to the provision of safe care during a pandemic. These basic concepts and terms include containment, mitigation, predictive modeling, latent period, incubation period, reproduction number, case fatality rate, and test sensitivity and specificity. OBJECTIVES: Public health concepts and terms are defined, described in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and specific implications for oncology nursing practice are discussed. METHODS: A review of public health literature and reputable websites with a focus on COVID-19 data. This article defines epidemiologic and public health concepts and uses examples from the pandemic to illustrate oncology nursing implications. FINDINGS: The COVID-19 pandemic is changing oncology nursing care delivery. Oncology nurses need to understand these concepts to anticipate and advocate for optimal oncology care.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Oncologia/educação , Enfermeiras Clínicas/educação , Enfermagem Oncológica/educação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
J Contin Educ Health Prof ; 41(1): 16-23, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433130

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The conceptual framework of One Health (OH) provides a strategy for promoting collaboration across the nexus of animal, human, and environmental health, which is essential for tackling emerging disease threats, such as COVID-19. However, there is no accreditation requirement for OH to prepare students across the professions for collaborative practice. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of faculty across the medical, veterinary, and public health programs about the need, opportunities, and challenges of developing OH in the curricula. METHODS: In this qualitative study, faculty across the three disciplines were invited to participate in audio-recorded, focus group interviews. Recordings were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: All participants recognized the need for OH as a critical concept for preparing students for collaborative practice. Opportunities were identified for shared learning and research across the disciplines, particularly through the use of interprofessional education. The lack of an accreditation mandate for OH in the medical curriculum was perceived to be the greatest challenge, leading to an anticipation of significant resistance among medical educators and students. DISCUSSION: Successful development of OH in all three curricula is vital to prepare students for current and future threats to global health. The role of accreditation bodies in ensuring medical, veterinary, and public health curricula prepare students for these threats is crucial. Implications for practice include strategies for persuading medical educators and medical students to embrace OH in the curriculum and promote a culture of shared learning.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Educação Médica , Educação em Veterinária , Docentes/psicologia , 57419 , Saúde Pública/educação , Adulto , Currículo , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Granada/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa
14.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 698-704, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1178222

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar los determinantes de la tuberculosis y el HIV en personas sin hogar. Método: Investigación cuantitativa y transversal realizada en 2017 en un Hospital de referencia para enfermedades infecciosas en João Pessoa/PB, Brasil. La muestra consistió en 10 personas sin hogar diagnosticadas con tuberculosis. Se observaron preceptos éticos de acuerdo con la Resolución 466/2012 del Consejo Nacional de Salud, el análisis se realizó a través del programa Paquete estadístico para las ciencias sociales (SPSS). Resultados: 7 (70%) hombres, 6 (60%) analfabetos. Se informó que el 10 (100%) no asiste a los servicios de salud, el 9 (90%) realiza actividad sexual sin condones, el 7 (70%) usa drogas ilícitas. Los determinantes del VIH y la tuberculosis están asociados con la falta de vivienda y la duración de la estadía. Conclusiones: Es necesario desarrollar y cumplir con políticas destinadas a lograr mejores condiciones de vida y acceso a la atención médica para las personas sin hogar


Objetivo: Analisar determinantes para tuberculose e HIV de pessoas em situação de rua. Método: Pesquisa quantitativa, transversal, realizada em 2017 em um Hospital de Referência para Doenças Infectocontagiosas em João Pessoa/PB, Brasil. A amostra foi composta por 10 pessoas em situação de rua diagnosticadas com tuberculose. Foram observados os preceitos éticos conforme Resolução 466/2012 do Conselho Nacional de Saúde. A análise foi realizada através do programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Resultados: 7 (70%) homens, 6(60%) analfabetos. Registrou-se que 10(100%) não frequentam serviço de saúde, 9(90%) realizam atividade sexual sem preservativo, 7(70%) utilizam drogas ilícitas. O escore dos determinantes para HIV e tuberculose estão associados ao tempo em situação de rua e ao tempo de internação. Conclusões: É necessário desenvolver e cumprir políticas que visem alcançar melhores condições de vida e de acesso à assistência à saúde para as pessoas em situação de rua


Objective: To analyze determinants of tuberculosis and HIV in homeless people. Method: Quantitative, cross-sectional research conducted in 2017 at a Reference Hospital for Infectious Diseases in João Pessoa/PB, Brazil. The sample consisted of 10 homeless people diagnosed with tuberculosis. Ethical precepts were observed according to Resolution 466/2012 of the National Health Council. The analysis was performed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program. Results: 7 (70%) men, 6 (60%) illiterate. It was reported that 10 (100%) do not attend health services, 9 (90%) perform sexual activity without condoms, 7 (70%) use illicit drugs. The determinants of HIV and tuberculosis are associated with homelessness and length of stay. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop and comply with policies aimed at achieving better living conditions and access to health care for homeless people


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tuberculose , Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , HIV , Comportamento Sexual , Condições Sociais , Drogas Ilícitas , Saúde Pública/educação , Doenças Transmissíveis , Vulnerabilidade em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
15.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1484-1486, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333673

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), universities have carried out online education for public health and preventive medicine courses under the policy of "Suspending Classes Without Stopping Learning" launched by the Chinese government. The Public Health and Preventive Medicine Committee of the Ministry of Education Steering Committee for Medical Education investigated the online teaching activities in the member universities. This study presents the survey results, discusses the existing problems, and proposes suggestions for further reforms on mixed teaching activities.


Assuntos
Educação à Distância , Humanos , Saúde Pública/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Front Public Health ; 8: 609599, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33330345

RESUMO

In the wake of COVID-19, there is an urgent need for a diverse public health work force to address problems presented or exacerbated by the global pandemic. Educational programs that create our work force both train and shape the makeup of access through graduate applications. The Graduate Record Exam has a number of standing issues, with additional barriers created by the pandemic. We trace the GRE waiver movement over several years, focusing on the gradual adoption in CEPH accredited programs and the rapid expansion of temporary waivers as a response to testing access. Going forward, we need to consider gaps in waivers during the pandemic and how this data can be used to shape our future use of the GRE.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Médica/normas , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional/normas , Saúde Pública/educação , Critérios de Admissão Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Medicina , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Educ Health (Abingdon) ; 33(2): 55-60, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318455

RESUMO

Background: The community medicine department of our medical school, in addition to addressing its mandate to prepare undergraduate students for primary care and graduate students for careers in public health, administers several community-based interventions. An international organization involved with improving health of female factory workers globally invited us to partner in their efforts locally. We used the Precede-Proceed model to design an intervention to deliver the desired project outcomes. Activities: : Recognizing that this partnership with industry would provide a learning opportunity to our Master's degree program students, we involved them in a needs assessment survey in order to make an educational diagnosis to identify the influencing and reinforcing factors. Our faculty and students interfaced with a multidisciplinary team including mid-level factory managers, health-care staff, and peer health educators within the textile industry. Outcomes: : Through this industry-academia collaboration, our health professions training institution was able to provide supplementary experiential learning opportunities to students in our Master's degree in Community Medicine program by involving them in all the project stages from planning based on health needs assessment, to module design, implementation, and program evaluation along with interdisciplinary teams from the textile industry. Students then reflected on their learning experience using a modified Kolbe's experiential learning cycle to improve their performance when they replicated the intervention with the next factory under the same project. Conclusion: The use of PRECEDE-PROCEED model in the industry-academia collaboration and Kolb's framework provided supplementary experiential learning opportunities for deliberate practice, receiving feedback, and reflecting on their learning to our Master's in Community Medicine degree students.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/métodos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Saúde Pública/educação , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Colaboração Intersetorial , Estudantes de Saúde Pública , Indústria Têxtil , Saúde da Mulher
18.
Educ Health (Abingdon) ; 33(2): 51-54, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318454

RESUMO

Background: Students in medical school often do not get the opportunity to apply public health principles to their work. This can affect the likelihood that they will apply population and public health principles in practice. Activities: From 2010 to 2015, the faculty of Medicine at Fundacion Universitaria San Martin from Sabaneta Campus - Colombia, developed an educational strategy called "Community Health Intervention Projects" (CHIP) as a new way to integrate essential public health functions with clinical knowledge into the curriculum. This approach was based on Community-Based Medical Education (COME) and Community-Oriented Primary Care. Seven CHIPS were developed by 65 undergraduate students partnering with organizations as two secondary schools, one clinic, two community-based groups, one nongovernmental organization, and two secretaries of health in four different cities. Outcomes: The breastfeeding programs increased the time of breastfeeding by the mothers and the tools to measure breastfeeding have been used in other research projects (Medellin 2015, Envigado 2017). The project about increasing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) in young scholars from two cities (Caldas and Sabaneta) served as a springboard for one of the students of medicine to receive a scholarship to attend the global forum in SRH "Women Deliver" in Kuala Lumpur in 2013. The project about Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery Health-care Program, addressed to children with asthma, were adopted by the Ambulatory Clinics Organization after the results of the pilot program (2016-2017). This project won the TUFH- FAIMER student projects for health award in 2016, showing the sustainability and generalizability of the educational program. Conclusion: Health professions educators can use CHIPS to integrate the mission-related axes in their programs: Academia, research, and extension activities in a community setting.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Saúde Pública/educação , Estudantes de Medicina , Colômbia , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Saúde Pública/métodos
20.
Cell ; 183(2): 296-300, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064983

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has revealed that Africa needs a new public health order to be resilient, to adapt, and to cope with 21st-century disease threats. The new order will need strengthened continental and national public health institutions; local manufacturing of vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics; attraction, training, and retention of a public health workforce; and fostering of respectful local and international partnerships.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/terapia , Saúde Pública , África , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Saúde Pública/educação , Administração em Saúde Pública
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