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2.
J Clin Ethics ; 32(1): 69-72, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656458

RESUMO

This article aims to make a case for the need to sensitize the medical community on the importance of providing sexual health information in the care of intersex adolescents and young adults for whom sexuality and intimacy are sensitive subjects-and to go beyond a narrow focus on surgical outcomes. For this purpose, this article gives voice to the lived experience of "Emma," a young adult who identifies as intersex. Setting up strong collaboration between medical teams and intersex support groups might be the best way forward to provide high-quality care to youth born with variations of sex characteristics.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/psicologia , Pessoas Intersexuais/educação , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Humanos , Pessoas Intersexuais/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adulto Jovem
4.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 26, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A coherent sexuality education program for adolescents is part of their sexual and reproductive rights and can help them have a healthier future. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the perspectives and intervention preferences of Iranian stakeholders regarding comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) in male adolescents based on the IMB model (information, motivation, behavioral skills). METHODS: This study was a qualitative study that was analyzed through a directed content analysis approach. Individual interviews and focused group discussions (FGDs) were used for data collection. The data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews with stakeholders in two schools and the Education Department in Sari and the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education in Tehran from March 2019 to August 2019. Data saturation was achieved after 28 interviews and 1 FGDs with 9 participants. Finally, two sets of data were coded and analyzed using directed content analysis. RESULTS: In this study, five themes emerged as (1) role of institutions; (2) role of organizations; (3) need for stakeholder's partnership; (4) need for adolescent sexuality socialization management; and (5) need for enhancing the teachers' professional competence, which seemed to influence the implementation of CSE in male adolescents. Participants also expressed a number of intervention preferences for CSE. The most important of these was the change in macro policies, helping to create a culture against all forms of violence and breaking the taboo of sexuality education for children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study revealed the need for a CSE program for adolescents' sexuality socialization. The finding showed that teachers required training to enhance their professional competence about sexuality issues. Therefore, it is necessary to design and implement culture-appropriate skill based programs to enhance the teachers' professional competence regarding the adolescents' sexual health.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Percepção , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Educação Sexual , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Criança , Grupos Focais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Motivação/fisiologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Educação Sexual/métodos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Participação dos Interessados , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Environ Public Health ; 2020: 4708091, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774393

RESUMO

Background: A significant number of adolescents as well as young men and women aged 10 to 24 years die each year in the world due to avoidable sexual and reproductive health problems such as unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. This is attributed to low access to and/or uptake of sexual and reproductive health services. Objective: To assess parent-adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues and associated factors among secondary and preparatory school students in Dabat town, northwest Ethiopia, 2018. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 1 to 10, 2018, using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected from 550 participants using structured, pretested, and self-administered questionnaire; entered into Epi Info version 7; and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Both bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed, and variables with less than 0.05 P value in the multivariable regression were considered as statistically significant. Adjusted odds ratio with 95% CI was used to determine the strengths and directions of associations. Result: This study revealed that 48.5% of the participants discussed sexual and reproductive health issues with parents. Male sex (AOR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.25), family income greater than ETB 1,000 (AOR = 1.6; 95% CI: 1.02-2.57), good knowledge of sexual and reproductive health (AOR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.03-2.09), and favorable attitude to sexual and reproductive health issues (AOR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.29-2.67) were factors significantly associated with parent-adolescent communication on the issues. Conclusion: This study showed that the proportion of parent-adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health issues was low. Male sex, family income greater than ETB 1,000, and good knowledge and favorable attitude of adolescents had significant association with the communication.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Relações Pais-Filho , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia do Adolescente , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autorrelato , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 4(9): 699-708, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827491

RESUMO

Sexual and reproductive health is an important aspect of human development, but discussions with adolescents and young adults on this topic are often challenging for health-care providers. As a result, many adolescents and young adults do not receive appropriate, comprehensive sexual education, despite recognition from WHO and the UN that access to this education is a human right. Adolescents and young adults with mild to moderate intellectual or developmental disability, or both, are just as likely to be sexually active as are their peers without disability; however, these individuals are less likely to receive comprehensive sexual education. To ensure adequate comprehensive sexual education for adolescents and young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, sexual health educators should facilitate conversations about sexual and reproductive health that are non-judgmental and sexually inclusive. Such initiatives should use an educational framework grounded in universal design for learning, including use of multiple media types with clear, concise language and images.


Assuntos
Educação Sexual/métodos , Comportamento Sexual , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/psicologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/terapia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Deficiência Intelectual/terapia , Masculino , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 26(3): e12855, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510741

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to determine the effects of a postpartum sexual health education programme structured according to Levine's conservation model on postpartum women. METHODS: The interventional study was completed with 67 postpartum women. The intervention group was given the postpartum sexual health education programme structured according to Levine's conservation model. The control group received routine discharge training. The data were collected using a personal information form, The Index of Female Sexual Function, Arizona Sexual Experience Scale and Golombok-Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction. RESULTS: It has been determined that the decrease in sexual arousal and desire is the first among postpartum sexual problems experienced by women. This study demonstrated that sexual function, sexual satisfaction and sexual response were higher in nonbreastfeeding women, women who had sexual intercourse one to three times a week and women who could talk to health care professionals on sexual matters. After the programme, the intervention group had more adequate sexual function, and they developed a strong, easy and satisfactory sexual response than the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This programme was effective in increasing the sexual functions and satisfaction of the postpartum women. Models provide guidance to nurses for provision of care in a systematic manner.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/normas , Cuidado Pós-Natal , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , Gravidez , Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(supl.5): 122-128, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196491

RESUMO

Indonesian adolescents are currently experiencing increased vulnerability to various health risk threats, especially those related to sexual and reproductive health, including increased threats from HIV/AIDS. Unhealthy sexual behavior among adolescents, especially unmarried adolescents, is increasing. This study aims to determine various factors that influence adolescent sexual behavior and the need for services, in order to provide policy direction for improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health services. This research is an explanatory research with cross-sectional design, which is equipped with quantitative and qualitative method approaches. This research data collection using survey methods (interviews and questionnaires/self-administered). Social Learning Theory is used as a framework for this research analysis. The subjects of this study were teenagers aged between 15 and 18 years who attended high school in East Lampung who had or were dating with a sample of 174 students. The sampling technique used is simple random sampling. The statistical analysis used in this study is the Chi square (χ2) statistic with a level of confidence α=0.05. The results showed there was a relationship between religiosity, the role of parents, exposure to pornography with premarital sexual behavior in adolescents in East Lampung. Suggestions are recommended to schools In order for school principals to be more active in extracurricular activities in their schools, in the form of organizations, sports and arts activities, so that the energy possessed by high school adolescents can be optimally channeled into positive activities and minimize youths to carry out negative activities including those that lead to activities that trigger sexual behavior


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Religião e Sexo , Literatura Erótica/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Saúde Sexual/educação , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Razão de Chances , Pais/psicologia
9.
J Environ Public Health ; 2020: 3675684, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405301

RESUMO

Background: Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) remains a challenge globally. This study aims to gauge the perceptions of parents towards the delivery of SRH education in mainstream public secondary schools in Fiji. Methods: The qualitative study design was used to collect the data from parents in Suva, Fiji, from July to August 2018. A semistructured questionnaire was developed to run Focus Group Discussion (FGD) among parents residing in Suva who had school-attending children from years 11 to 13. Parents were recruited from five schools with the help of students. Twenty-six parents of which 10 were males, aged between 38 and 65, participated in this study. Consent was obtained from each participant prior to the data collection stage. Data collected were transcribed verbatim and were analyzed thematically. Ethical approvals were obtained before collecting the data. Results: Seven themes emerged which included the provision of school-based sex education, parental involvement with school-based sex education, sex education at home, age-appropriate incremental sex education, ethnic variations regarding sex education, barriers and facilitators for the delivery of school-based sex education, and perceived ideal version of sex education. Conclusions: Findings from this study suggest for policy and programs to match parents, schools, and students' expectations. Effective interventions need to involve and help parents to take a more active part to change policy, program, and advocacy for relevant SRH education.


Assuntos
Pais/psicologia , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Sexual/métodos , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Fiji/epidemiologia , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(691): 765-768, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320150

RESUMO

Despite obvious needs, adolescent boys do not access information and care in the field of sexual and reproductive health as easily as adolescent girls. The primary care setting gives the opportunity to tackle sexuality topics with boys. It allows to defuse frequent causes of concern in this crucial developmental phase, in a proactive and open-minded way, while focusing on strengths rather than on risks. It also allows to discuss masculine norms and their impact on health, and to come up with essential prevention elements. It is -necessary to focus on boys' health to have them involved in a -changing process on behalf of their own health but also on behalf of girls' and young women's health.


Assuntos
Saúde do Homem , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Educação Sexual/métodos , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Sexualidade , Saúde da Mulher
12.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(13-14): 2285-2292, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155678

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to develop and evaluate a nurse-led sexual health service and health promotion intervention for men in prison. BACKGROUND: Men in prison are particularly marginalised members of our society, negatively impacting on their ability to making healthy choices. In relation to sexual health, prison provides an opportunity for curative and preventive care, for an otherwise often hard-to-reach, priority population. DESIGN: Practice development, audit and evaluation. METHODS: Employing a practice development and participatory methodology, we empowered prison nursing staff to provide robust asymptomatic testing for sexually transmitted infections, including the management of chlamydia, with appropriate treatment and partner notification. Collaboratively with young men and nursing staff, a short animation video to promote the service was developed. A case note audit of 172 patients seen in the service during the 6-month period 1 July 2018-31 December 2018 was undertaken. The Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE, see Supplementary Material) checklist was followed. RESULTS: National outcome measures were exceeded for some clinical outcomes. During the 6-month period, there were 12 chlamydia-positive (7% positivity rate) and 3 gonorrhoea-positive results. In addition, two new cases of syphilis were detected and a further two cases of known HIV were highlighted. There were seven cases of hepatitis C (3 previously diagnosed) and three cases of hepatitis B. A short animation Dick Loves Doot was developed. CONCLUSION: Successful partnerships between sexual health and prison healthcare services, in partnership with service users, can achieve well-coordinated services and health promotion interventions. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This nurse-led model of care increased detection and early treatment of asymptomatic STIs among men in prison, impacting positively the men, their partner (s) and the public health of the society to which they return.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Prisões/organização & administração , Saúde Sexual/educação , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/organização & administração , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(5): e28245, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147938

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pediatric oncology clinicians identify a need for increased sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education with adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients. By surveying pediatric oncology fellowship directors, this study clarifies the state of current fellowship education about SRH for the AYA patient. METHODS: A survey was sent to all pediatric oncology fellowship program directors (PDs) in the United States consisting of 13 questions pertaining to three primary SRH domains: sexual health, fertility, and safe sex practices. Descriptive statistics and χ2 were used in data analyses. RESULTS: Sixty-three PDs responded to the survey (91% response rate). Of these, 88% reported having formal instruction regarding fertility, 41% reported curriculum regarding contraception and 30% reported some education regarding sexual health. The curriculum "being too full" was identified as a barrier to education on fertility (29%), sexual health (40%), and safe sex practices (38%). Not being a required or expected part of the program was more likely to be endorsed as a barrier for sexual health (26%) and safe sex practices (30%) compared with fertility (8%) (P < 0.005). Lack of experts to teach was a more frequently endorsed barrier to education on sexual health (47%) compared with either fertility (23%) or safe sex practices (25%) (P < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies important gaps in oncology fellow education about SRH. Future research must explore optimal education strategies that are feasible and acceptable by PDs and fellow learners, and effective in optimizing AYA SRH care.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada , Bolsas de Estudo , Oncologia/educação , Pediatria/educação , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos
15.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 42, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The youths in Zambia have limited access to information concerning Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) and this puts them at risk of unwanted pregnancies. Talking about other methods of preventing pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections than abstinence is regarded as culturally unacceptable. The Research Initiative to Support the Empowerment of Girls (RISE) is a cluster randomised controlled trial testing the effectiveness of different support packages on teenage pregnancies, early marriages and school drop-out rates. One of the support packages included youth clubs focusing on Comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Health Education (CSRHE). Although similar interventions have been implemented in other settings, their integration process has been complex and comprehensive assessments of factors shaping acceptability of CSRHE are lacking. This article qualitatively aimed at identifying factors that shaped the acceptability of CSRHE youth clubs in rural schools in Central Province. METHOD: A qualitative case study was conducted after the youth clubs had been running for a year. Data were gathered through eight focus group discussions with grade eight pupils and eight individual interviews with teachers. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: The perceived advantage and simplicity of the clubs related to the use of participatory learning methods, films and role plays to communicate sensitive reproductive health information made the learners like the youth clubs. Further, the perceived compatibility of the content of the sessions with the science curriculum increased the learners' interest in the youth clubs as the meetings also helped them to prepare for the school examinations. However, cultural and religious beliefs among teachers and parents regarding the use of contraceptives complicated the delivery of reproductive health messages and the acceptability of youth clubs' information among the learners. CONCLUSION: The study indicated that CSRHE youth clubs may be acceptable in rural schools if participatory learning methods are used and head-teachers, teachers as well as parents appreciate and support the clubs.


Assuntos
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , População Rural , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Gravidez na Adolescência/prevenção & controle , Pesquisa Qualitativa , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Zâmbia
17.
Patient Educ Couns ; 103(5): 877-887, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767244

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Each year, 63,000 Canadians are diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 73 % survive. Sexual health education for ACS survivors is recommended but is not routinely provided. A scoping review was performed to inform health care providers about factors shaping sexual health education for ACS survivors. METHODS: Three databases were searched, 208 studies were screened, and 24 were included in this scoping review. Significant points from the selected studies were charted and synthesized. RESULTS: This review confirmed absent to limited provision of sexual health education to individuals with ACS. Key factors influencing lack of provision of sexual health were categorized according to macro, meso, and micro levels. At the macro level, societal and cultural factors were noted. The meso level included healthcare environment and limited healthcare provider knowledge. At the micro level, healthcare professional-healthcare consumer relationships and role clarity were noted. CONCLUSION: A sex positive approach may facilitate provision of sexual health education. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This scoping review points to the need to use a sex positive lens to identify and remove barriers to facilitate the provision of sexual health education. Providing this education may result in reduced fear, depression, and anxiety in ACS survivors.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Educação Sexual , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
18.
Rehabil Nurs ; 45(1): 16-22, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29794568

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Stroke can cause physical and emotional problems affecting sexual well-being; healthcare professionals (HCPs) are often uncomfortable discussing this topic with patients. We explored the perspectives of HCPs and stroke survivors about barriers to discussing sexual well-being poststroke. DESIGN: A mixed methodology was employed. METHODS: A postal survey of stroke survivors (n = 50), a focus group with HCPs on a stroke unit (n = 6), and a focus group with community-living stroke survivors (n = 6) were used in this study. Focus group data were analyzed thematically. FINDINGS: No patient surveyed (60% response rate) had discussed sexual well-being with an HCP. Focus groups revealed barriers on multiple levels: structural, HCP, patient, and professional-patient interface. CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals were poorly trained, adopted a passive role, and addressed sexual activity based on individual beliefs rather than having an agreed team approach. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Relatively simple steps like inclusion in policy, training to empower HCPs, and the provision of written information for patients could help to improve practice.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual/educação , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
19.
Women Birth ; 33(2): e199-e207, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although promoting sexual health should be an integral part of midwifery practice, little is known about midwives' preparation to address their clients' sexual health concerns. AIMS: To assess the formal and self-directed training on sexual health topics relevant to midwifery practice of Canadian midwives as well as the association between training and various practice outcomes. METHODS: Forty midwives registered in the Province of Ontario, Canada completed an online survey assessing their formal and self-directed sexual health training, knowledge, comfort, and practice related to 10 sexual health issues. FINDINGS: In terms of formal training, three of the 10 topics were coved in-depth and seven were covered in general terms only or not at all. Participants had received an average of 26.0 hours of formal training related to sexual health. Almost all (90%) participants had engaged in self-directed learning on at least one topic. Participants had asked at least one client about only 5 of the 10 topics and been asked by at least one client about 4.5 of them. Participants who reported more extensive formal training had been asked about more sexual health topics by their clients. More self-directed learning was associated with more positive attitudes toward midwives' role in addressing sexual health concerns, feeling more knowledgeable, and being asked about and asking about more sexual health topics. CONCLUSION: The midwives in this sample had limited training in some important sexual health issues relevant to midwifery practice. Likely as a result, they often did not address these issues in practice.


Assuntos
Tocologia/educação , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adulto , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 23(262): 3683-3687, abr.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1100503

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar o conhecimento e o comportamento sexual dos adolescentes acerca das infecções sexualmente transmissíveis. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados SCIELO, LILACS e BDENF por meio da estratégia PICO para definição da pergunta norteadora e do fluxograma PRISMA para seleção dos artigos. As buscas abrangeram o período de 2014 a 2019, sendo selecionados os artigos disponíveis em português, na íntegra e no formato original. Resultados: foram selecionados 10 artigos para a composição do estudo que demostraram déficit no conhecimento dos adolescentes acerca das infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, bem como não utilização do preservativo de modo rotineiro devido acreditarem que este inibe o prazer sexual. Conclusão: necessita-se orientar os adolescentes acerca das circunstâncias que acarretam às infecções sexualmente transmissíveis e sobre o uso correto do preservativo por meio de intervenções e educação em saúde nas escolas e nos serviços de saúde. (AU)


Objective: to evaluate the knowledge and sexual behavior of adolescents about sexually transmitted infections. Method: this is an integrative literature review performed in the databases SCIELO, LILACS and BDENF through the PICO strategy to define the guiding question and the PRISMA flowchart for article selection. The searches covered the period from 2014 to 2019, being selected the articles available in Portuguese, in full and in original format. Results: ten articles were selected for the composition of the study that showed a deficit in the adolescents' knowledge about sexually transmitted infections, as well as a nonuse of condoms on a routine basis because they believe that it inhibits sexual pleasure. Conclusion: adolescents need to be advised of the circumstances that lead to sexually transmitted infections and the correct use of condoms through health interventions and education in schools and health services.(AU)


Objetivo: evaluar el conocimiento y el comportamiento sexual de los adolescentes sobre las infecciones de transmisión sexual. Método: esta es una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos SCIELO, LILACS y BDENF a través de la estrategia PICO para definir la pregunta guía y el diagrama de flujo PRISMA para la selección de artículos. Las búsquedas abarcaron el período de 2014 a 2019, seleccionándose los artículos disponibles en portugués, en su totalidad y en formato original. Resultados: se seleccionaron 10 artículos para la composición del estudio que mostraron un déficit en el conocimiento de los adolescentes sobre las infecciones de transmisión sexual, así como la falta de uso de condones de forma rutinaria porque creen que inhibe el placer sexual. Conclusión: los adolescentes deben ser informados de las circunstancias que conducen a infecciones de transmisión sexual y el uso correcto de condones a través de intervenciones de salud y educación en escuelas y servicios de salud. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente , Saúde Sexual/educação , Educação Sexual , Saúde do Adolescente
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