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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20200156, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1117301

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar en la literatura la producción científica sobre exámenes y manifestaciones clínicas de COVID-19 en niños y discutir el papel de la enfermería en su atención. Métodos: revisión integradora, cuya búsqueda tuvo lugar entre abril y junio de 2020, en las bases de datos de Web of Science, CINAHL, BDENF, IBECS, LILACS, MEDLINE (a través de PubMed) para responder a la pregunta orientadora: lo que revelan los artículos de investigación sobre COVID -19 en niños? Se incluyeron artículos de investigación originales, publicados de enero a mayo de 2020. Estudios sin metodología de investigación (informes de casos, reflexión, recomendaciones), artículos de revisión, estudios que se centraron en otros temas o se llevaron a cabo exclusivamente con recién nacidos, bebés, población de adolescentes y adultos. Resultados: las búsquedas en las bases de datos buscadas capturaron 314 referencias. Después de las exclusiones, se seleccionaron 59 estudios para ser leídos en su totalidad; de estos, se seleccionaron 14 artículos para componer esta revisión, agrupados empíricamente, de acuerdo con sus similitudes, en dos categorías: Exámenes utilizados en COVID-19 en niños; y Principales hallazgos clínicos en COVID-19 en niños. Conclusión: los estudios enfatizan los exámenes COVID-19 y los hallazgos clínicos en niños; por lo tanto, el papel de la enfermería se destaca al preparar y realizar estos exámenes, ya que son un instrumento para evaluar y monitorear a los niños con COVID-19, así como para promover una atención adecuada y calificada para minimizar los signos y síntomas de esta enfermedad. enfermedad, con miras a la pronta restauración de su salud.(AU)


Objective: to identify in nursing literature scientific production on tests and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in children and discuss the role of nursing in their care. Methods: an integrative review, which took place between April and June 2020, at Web of Science, CINAHL, BDENF, IBECS, LILACS, MEDLINE (via PubMed) to answer the guiding question: what do research articles on COVID-19 in children reveal? Original research articles published from January to May 2020 were included. Studies without research methodology (case reports, reflection, recommendations), review articles, studies focusing on other themes or conducted exclusively with neonates, infants, adolescents, and adults were excluded. Results: database search found 314 references. After exclusions, 59 studies were selected to be read in full. Of these, 14 articles were selected to compose this review, empirically grouped according to their similarities into two categories: Tests used in COVID-19 in children and Main clinical findings of COVID-19 in children. Conclusion: studies emphasize clinical tests and findings of COVID-19 in children; therefore, the role of nursing at the time of preparation and performance of such tests stands out, since they are an instrument for assessment and follow-up of children with coronavirus as well as in the promotion of adequate and qualified care to minimize the signs and symptoms of this disease, with a view to prompt restoration of their health.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar en la literatura la producción científica sobre exámenes y manifestaciones clínicas de COVID-19 en niños y discutir el papel de la enfermería en su atención. Métodos: revisión integradora, cuya búsqueda tuvo lugar entre abril y junio de 2020, en las bases de datos de Web of Science, CINAHL, BDENF, IBECS, LILACS, MEDLINE (a través de PubMed) para responder a la pregunta orientadora: lo que revelan los artículos de investigación sobre COVID -19 en niños? Se incluyeron artículos de investigación originales, publicados de enero a mayo de 2020. Estudios sin metodología de investigación (informes de casos, reflexión, recomendaciones), artículos de revisión, estudios que se centraron en otros temas o se llevaron a cabo exclusivamente con recién nacidos, bebés, población de adolescentes y adultos. Resultados: las búsquedas en las bases de datos buscadas capturaron 314 referencias. Después de las exclusiones, se seleccionaron 59 estudios para ser leídos en su totalidad; de estos, se seleccionaron 14 artículos para componer esta revisión, agrupados empíricamente, de acuerdo con sus similitudes, en dos categorías: Exámenes utilizados en COVID-19 en niños; y Principales hallazgos clínicos en COVID-19 en niños. Conclusión: los estudios enfatizan los exámenes COVID-19 y los hallazgos clínicos en niños; por lo tanto, el papel de la enfermería se destaca al preparar y realizar estos exámenes, ya que son un instrumento para evaluar y monitorear a los niños con COVID-19, así como para promover una atención adecuada y calificada para minimizar los signos y síntomas de esta enfermedad. enfermedad, con miras a la pronta restauración de su salud.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde da Criança , Revisão
2.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180348, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1059138

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the factors associated with clinical deterioration recognized by a Pediatric Early Warning Score. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary pediatric public hospital with 271 children aged from zero to ten, hospitalized between May and October 2015. For the identification of the children with and without signs of clinical deterioration, the translated, adapted and validated version of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score was applied to the Brazilian context. Logistic regression analysis and prevalence ratio (PR) were used to measure the association between the variables studied. A 95% Confidence Interval (CI) and p value were adopted as a measure of statistical significance to identify potential associated factors. Results: The factors associated with the clinical deterioration of the children studied were age ≤ 2 years old (p=0.000), hospitalization in the emergency unit (p=0.000), comorbidity (p=0.020) and clinical diagnosis of respiratory disease (p=0.000). Conclusion: Children ≤ 2 years old, with comorbidity, diagnosed with respiratory disease and hospitalized in the emergency unit showed an increased likelihood of clinical deterioration. The identification of factors associated with clinical deterioration may alert and direct the health team to children more susceptible to this phenomenon.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar los factores asociados al deterioro clínico reconocido por una Puntuación Pediátrica de Alerta Temprana. Método: estudio de corte transversal realizado en un hospital público pediátrico terciario con 271 niños de cero a diez años de edad, hospitalizados entre mayo y octubre de 2015. Para identificar a los niños con y sin signos de deterioro clínico, se aplicó la versión traducida, adaptada y validad del Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score para el contexto brasileño. Se utilizaron el análisis de regresión logística y la relación de prevalencia (RP) para medir la asociación entre las variables estudiadas. Se adoptaron el Intervalo de Confianza (IC) del 95% y el Valor de p como medida de significancia estadística para identificar los potenciales factores asociados. Resultados: los factores asociados al deterioro clínico de los niños estudiados fueron los siguientes: edad ≤ 2 años (p=0,000), internación en la unidad de emergencia (p=0,000), comorbilidad (p=0,020) y diagnóstico clínico de enfermedad respiratoria (p=0,000). Conclusión: los niños con una edad máxima de 2 años, con alguna comorbidad, con diagnóstico de enfermedad respiratoria e internadas en la unidad de emergencia presentaron una mayor probabilidad de deterioro clínico. Identificar factores asociados al deterioro clínico puede servir como alerta y orientar al equipo de salud hacia los niños más susceptibles a este fenómeno.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar os fatores associados à deterioração clínica reconhecida por um Escore Pediátrico de Alerta Precoce. Método: estudo de corte transversal, realizado num hospital público pediátrico terciário, com 271 crianças de zero a dez anos, hospitalizadas entre maio e outubro de 2015. Para a identificação das crianças com e sem sinais de deterioração clínica, foi aplicada a versão traduzida, adaptada e validada do Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score para o contexto brasileiro. Foram utilizadas a análise de regressão logística e a razão de prevalência (RP) para medir a associação entre as variáveis estudadas. O Intervalo de Confiança (IC) de 95% e Valor de p foram adotados como medida de significância estatística para a identificação dos potenciais fatores associados. Resultados: os fatores associados à deterioração clínica das crianças estudadas foram idade ≤ 2 anos (p=0,000), internamento na unidade de emergência (p=0,000), comorbidade (p=0,020) e diagnóstico clínico de doença respiratória (p=0,000). Conclusão: crianças ≤ 2 anos, portadoras de comorbidade, com diagnóstico de doença respiratória e internadas na unidade de emergência apresentaram aumento da probabilidade de deterioração clínica. A identificação de fatores associados à deterioração clínica pode alertar e direcionar a equipe de saúde para crianças mais suscetíveis a esse fenômeno.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Criança Hospitalizada , Saúde , Saúde da Criança , Deterioração Clínica , Alerta , Hospitalização
7.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 39(10): 1677-1683, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017241

RESUMO

Four recent reports from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine framed around the issues of poverty; mental, emotional, and behavioral health; adolescence; and young family health and education build on extensive recent evidence of what can be done to improve the health and well-being of children, youth, and families. We describe the process of generating the reports, briefly summarize each report's content, and identify crosscutting themes and recommendations. We also note how the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic highlights major disparities and systemic problems addressed in the reports and heightens the relevance of their policy recommendations. The reports issue a unified, urgent call for measures with the potential to change the trajectory and outcomes for children and youth. Among these are basic income supports, other family supports, universal health care structured to meet family needs, and a broad national policy that prioritizes children and youth.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente , Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Guias como Assunto , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Política de Saúde , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Formulação de Políticas , Medição de Risco , Sociedades Médicas , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos
8.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 39(10): 1743-1751, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017236

RESUMO

Expansion of Medicaid and establishment of the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) represent a significant success story in the national effort to guarantee health insurance for children. That success is reflected in the high rates of coverage and health care access achieved for children, including those in low-income families. But significant coverage gaps remain-gaps that have been increasing since 2016 and are likely to accelerate with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the associated recession. Using National Health Interview Survey data, we found that the proportion of uninsured children was 5.5 percent in 2018. Children continue to face coverage interruptions, and Latino, adolescent, and noncitizen children continue to face elevated risks of being uninsured. Although we note the benefits of a universal, federally financed, single-payer approach to coverage, we also offer two possible reform pathways that can take place within the current multipayer system, aimed at ensuring coverage, access, continuity, and comprehensiveness to move the nation closer to the goal of providing the health care that children need to reach their full potential and to reduce racial and economic inequalities.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/economia , Saúde da Criança , Children's Health Insurance Program/economia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicaid/estatística & dados numéricos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/economia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pobreza , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos
9.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 39(10): 1752-1761, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017237

RESUMO

Safety-net programs improve health for low-income children over the short and long term. In September 2018 the Trump administration announced its intention to change the guidance on how to identify a potential "public charge," defined as a noncitizen primarily dependent on the government for subsistence. After this change, immigrants' applications for permanent residence could be denied for using a broader range of safety-net programs. We investigated whether the announced public charge rule affected the share of children enrolled in Medicaid, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, using county-level data. Results show that a 1-percentage-point increase in a county's noncitizen share was associated with a 0.1-percentage-point reduction in child Medicaid use. Applied nationwide, this implies a decline in coverage of 260,000 children. The public charge rule was adopted in February 2020, just before the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic began in the US. These results suggest that the Trump administration's public charge announcement could have led to many thousands of eligible, low-income children failing to receive safety-net support during a severe health and economic crisis.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Assistência Alimentar/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Medicaid/economia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Medo , Feminino , Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Inovação Organizacional , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Formulação de Políticas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Provedores de Redes de Segurança/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
11.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063746

RESUMO

The pandemic produced by COVID-19 has a significant impact on society and has also affected childhood and adolescence, which, in general, has been the most silenced group. This article addresses the contents that affect the mental health of children and adolescents in the heart of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is located in the "fourth wave of care" in category F54 of the ICD-10 ("Behavioral and psychological factors in disorders or diseases classified elsewhere"). The presentation mechanism is: reactive-adaptive to the pandemic; triggering factor, before a previous affective-emotional instability; decompensation of a pre-existing process. The clinical features have had their initial phase, fundamentally, in confinement: somatoform disorders, behavioral disorders, emotional symptoms, reactivation of child abuse and dysfunctional grief reactions. The most prevalent symptoms are of the anxious or anxious-depressive type. The response to chronic stress, including that of low profile and intensity but maintained over time, has significant repercussions for childhood and adolescence. Few percentage that present prominent mental disorders, but we must recognize that when projected to the whole the child-adolescent population, there could be a significant number that could be subsidiary of a more specific help. The return to schooling is going to represent another important moment, the repercussions of confinement being of capital importance, especially in terms of addictive behaviors with information and communication technologies. Intervention by professionals trained in childhood and adolescent mental health is a priority to avoid unwanted clinical evolutions or iatrogenesis.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Quarentena/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52915

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Estimar la tendencia de la mortalidad infantil, de la desigualdad entre jurisdicciones y de la desigualdad asociada a las condiciones sociales en Argentina entre 1980 y 2017. Métodos. Estudio ecológico y de serie temporal de la mortalidad infantil y de su desigualdad. Se obtuvieron los datos oficiales de mortalidad infantil, de nacimientos y de necesidades básicas insatisfechas; se calculó la tasa de mortalidad infantil, el índice de Gini y el índice de concentración. También se analizó la tendencia con un modelo de regresión lineal y se calculó el coeficiente de regresión y su significación estadística. Resultados. La mortalidad infantil se redujo 71,2% (de 32,41 a 9,34 por 1 000 nacidos vivos). La desigualdad por jurisdicción también se redujo y el índice de Gini pasó de 0,163 a 0,09. La desigualdad asociada a las condiciones sociales también mostró una reducción, y el índice de concentración disminuyó de -0,153 a -0,079. Si bien la mortalidad infantil se redujo en todo el período, este descenso no siempre se acompañó de una reducción del índice de Gini y del índice de concentración. Conclusiones. La tendencia de la tasa de mortalidad infantil fue al descenso mientras que la desigualdad en su distribución por jurisdicción y la desigualdad asociada a las condiciones sociales no siempre acompañaron esa reducción.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To estimate the trend in infant mortality, inequality between jurisdictions and inequality associated with social conditions in Argentina between 1980 and 2017. Methods. Ecological and time series study of infant mortality and its inequality. Official data on infant mortality, births and unmet basic needs were obtained; the infant mortality rate, the Gini index and the concentration index were calculated. The trend was also analyzed with a linear regression model and the regression coefficient and its statistical significance were calculated. Results. Infant mortality was reduced by 71.2% (from 32.41 to 9.34 per 1 000 live births). Inequality by jurisdiction also decreased, and the Gini index fell from 0,163 to 0,09. Inequality associated with social conditions also showed a reduction, and the concentration index was reduced from -0.153 to -0.079. Although infant mortality declined throughout the period, this decline was not always accompanied by a reduction in the Gini index and the concentration index. Conclusions. The trend in the infant mortality rate decreased while the inequality in its distribution by jurisdiction and the inequality associated with social conditions did not always accompany this reduction.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Infantil , Saúde da Criança , Equidade em Saúde , Iniquidade Social , Estudos Ecológicos , Argentina , Mortalidade Infantil , Saúde da Criança , Equidade em Saúde , Iniquidade Social , Estudos Ecológicos
13.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47830

RESUMO

Para abordar os aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos da Covid-19 na infância e adolescência, o Instituto Nacional de Saúde da Mulher, da Criança e do Adolescente Fernandes Figueira (IFF), da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (IFF/Fiocruz), divulgou o documento “Covid-19 e a saúde da criança e do adolescente”. O objetivo da publicação é contribuir para a análise, planejamento e tomada de decisão de gestores e profissionais de saúde na proteção e cuidado à saúde de crianças e adolescentes no Brasil.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Saúde da Criança , Saúde do Adolescente
14.
J. Health NPEPS ; 5(2)set. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1121205

RESUMO

Objetivo: investigar na literatura o impacto da pandemia causada pelo novo coronavírus na saúde mental das crianças. Método: revisão integrativa de artigos publicados no ano de 2020 através de buscas na Medline, Lilacs, BDENF, IBECS e BINACIS, a partir da pergunta norteadora: quais as considerações da literatura sobre o impacto da pandemia causada pelo novo coronavírus na saúde mental das crianças? Resultados: nos artigos analisados, observou-se que a pandemia e fatores a ela relacionados podem causar impacto negativo na saúde mental das crianças. Quarentena, infecção pelo vírus, contágio ou morte dos pais devido à doença, crise econômica e uso prolongado da internet são alguns dos motivos que podem afetar a saúde mental infantil. Conclusão: medidas preventivas e informações corretas sobre a doença são fundamentais para proteger a saúde mental das crianças durante a pandemia causada pelo novo coronavírus.(AU)


Objective: to investigate in the literature the impact of the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus on children's mental health. Method: integrative review of articles published in 2020 through searches in the Medline, Lilacs, BDENF, IBECS e BINACIS, based on the guiding question: what are the literature considerations about the impact of the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus on children's mental health? Results: in the articles analyzed it was observed that the pandemic and related factors can have a negative impact on mental health and behaviour of children. Quarantine, self infection, contagion or death of parents due to the illness, economic crisis and prolonged use of the internet are some reasons that can affect children's mental health. Conclusion: preventive measures and correct information about the disease are essential to protect the children's mental health during the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar en la literatura el impacto de la pandemia provocada por el nuevo coronavirus en la salud mental infantil. Método: revisión integrativa de artículos publicados en 2020 mediante búsquedas en la Medline, Lilacs, BDENF, IBECS e BINACIS, a partir de la pregunta orientadora: ¿cuáles son las consideraciones de la literatura sobre el impacto de la pandemia provocada por el nuevo coronavirus sobre la salud mental de los niños? Resultados: en los artículos analizados se observó que la pandemia y factores relacionados pueden tener un impacto negativo en la salud mental y en el comportamiento de los niños. La cuarentena, el contagio proprio, la infección o la muerte de los padres por la enfermedad, la crisis económica y el uso prolongado de internet son algunas de las razones que pueden afectar la salud mental de los niños. Conclusión: las medidas preventivas y la información correcta sobre la enfermedad son fundamentales para proteger la salud mental de los niños durante la pandemia provocada por el nuevo coronavirus.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Saúde Mental/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comportamento Infantil , Saúde da Criança
15.
J UOEH ; 42(3): 275-279, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879192

RESUMO

The Japan Environment Health and Children's Study (JECS) is an ongoing cohort study designed to evaluate the impact of various environmental factors on children's health. In this study, more than 100,000 pregnant women were recruited in 15 regional centers throughout Japan. Within the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, the departments of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Environmental Health, and the School of Health Sciences collaborate with the JECS University of Occupational and Environmental Health Subunit Center in advancing research in this study. Several original articles based on JECS and written by our unit members were published in recent years. The aim of this review is to summarize these studies by JECS and University of Occupational and Environmental Health Subunit Center based on the data from JECS. We introduce research articles covering the following categories; environmental health, occupational health, and maternal and child health. Studies found associations between concentrations of metals and maternal health, such as premature birth, placenta previa and placenta accrete, associations between metals and IgE, dietary differences among occupational groups, associations between work-related factors and dietary behaviors, associations between job changes and pregnancy/delivery, mental and physical stress among pregnant women and influence on work, associations between sleep and gestational diabetes, and associations between an ability to push up in the prone position and infant development. This review may promote the development of new research, such as collaborative research projects, including clinical and social medicine, epidemiological studies and laboratory investigations.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Saúde Ambiental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Universidades , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Gestacional , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E , Japão , Metais/metabolismo , Placenta Acreta , Placenta Prévia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Trabalho
16.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1468, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, malaria is one of the public health problems, and it is still among the ten top leading causes of morbidity and mortality among under-five children. However, the studies conducted in the country have been inconclusive and inconsistent. Thus, this study aimed to assess factors associated with malaria among under-five children in Ethiopia. METHODS: We retrieved secondary data from the malaria indicator survey data collected from September 30 to December 10, 2015, in Ethiopia. A total of 8301 under-five-year-old children who had microscopy test results were included in the study. Bayesian multilevel logistic regression models were fitted and Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation was used to estimate the model parameters using Gibbs sampling. Adjusted Odd Ratio with 95% credible interval in the multivariable model was used to select variables that have a significant association with malaria. RESULTS: In this study, sleeping under the insecticide-treated bed nets during bed time (ITN) [AOR 0.58,95% CI, 0.31-0.97)], having 2 and more ITN for the household [AOR 0.43, (95% CI, 0.17-0.88)], have radio [AOR 0.41, (95% CI, 0.19-0.78)], have television [AOR 0.19, (95% CI, 0.01-0.89)] and altitude [AOR 0.05, (95% CI, 0.01-0.13)] were the predictors of malaria among under-five children. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that sleeping under ITN, having two and more ITN for the household, altitude, availability of radio, and television were the predictors of malaria among under-five children in Ethiopia. Thus, the government should strengthen the availability and utilization of ITN to halt under-five mortality due to malaria.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Mosquiteiros Tratados com Inseticida/estatística & dados numéricos , Malária/prevenção & controle , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Etiópia , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 117(24): 422, 2020 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865496
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