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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47971

RESUMO

Câncer de próstata Preconceitos e inverdades são os principais vilões para a morte de homens acometidos por esta doença


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Saúde do Homem
2.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47959

RESUMO

O Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, unidade ligada à Secretaria de Estado da Saúde e ao Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da USP, participa da campanha Novembro Azul de conscientização sobre o câncer de próstata e alerta para os cuidados com a saúde do homem como um todo


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Saúde do Homem
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(2): 198-203, jul. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1116103

RESUMO

Objetivo: relatar a vivência de uma enfermeira com o pré-natal masculino na perspectiva de educação em saúde. Método: trata-se de um relato de experiência, que ocorreu por meio do estágio da pós-graduação em Enfermagem e Obstetrícia, de junho a julho de 2018, em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde. Resultados: a vivência permitiu refletir sobre a atuação do profissional de Enfermagem Obstétrica e a construção de saberes voltados para a família, ampliando o campo de cuidado e conhecimento. A realização da sala de espera não foi efetiva, mas, por outro lado, a consulta do pré-natal se mostrou como um espaço de reflexão e mudança de hábitos a partir da troca de experiência. Considerações finais: o pré-natal masculino vem se mostrando como importante estratégia de incentivo à participação do homem no serviço de saúde, e a educação em saúde se configura como um artifício de fortalecimento da atuação do enfermeiro obstetra. (AU)


Objective: to report the experience of a nurse with male prenatal care in the perspective of health education. Method: This is an experience report, which was carried out through the Nursing and Obstetrics post-graduation, from June to July, 2018, in a Basic Health Unit. Results: the experience allowed us to reflect on the performance of the professional obstetric nursing and the construction of family-oriented knowledge, expanding the field of care and knowledge. The waiting room was not effective, but, on the other hand, the prenatal consultation proved to be a space for reflection and change of habits based on the exchange of experience. Final considerations: male prenatal care has been shown to be an important strategy to encourage the participation of men in the health service, and health education is an artifice to strengthen the performance of obstetrician nurses. (AU)


Objetivo: relatar la vivencia de una enfermera con el prenatal masculino en la perspectiva de educación en salud. Método: se trata de un relato de experiencia, que ocurrió por medio de la etapa del postgrado en Enfermería y Obstetricia, de junio a julio de 2018, en una Unidad Básica de Salud. Resultados: la vivencia permitió reflexionar sobre la actuación del proceso, profesional de Enfermería Obstétrica y la construcción de saberes orientados a la familia, ampliando el campo de cuidado y conocimiento. La realización de la sala de espera no fue efectiva, pero, por otro lado, la consulta del prenatal se mostró como un espacio de reflexión y cambio de hábitos a partir del intercambio de experiencia. Consideraciones finales: el prenatal masculino se viene mostrando como importante estrategia de incentivo a la participación del hombre en el servicio de salud, y la educación en salud se configura como un artificio de fortalecimiento de la actuación del enfermero obstetra. (AU)


Assuntos
Cuidado Pré-Natal , Educação em Saúde , Saúde do Homem , Cuidados de Enfermagem
5.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (38): 32-44, Jan.-Jun. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1090085

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo desta investigação foi compreender a atuação de Equipes de Saúde da Família sobre a detecção precoce do câncer de próstata. É uma investigação pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa realizada com 10 profissionais de saúde, entre eles médicos, enfermeiros, técnicos de enfermagem e agentes comunitários de saúde, de duas Unidades de Saúde da Família de Jaguaquara, Bahia, Brasil. Para a coleta de dados foi aplicado a entrevista semiestruturada norteada por um roteiro contendo cinco questões inerentes a temática. As informações produzidas foram submetidas à técnica de análise do conteúdo de Bardin, que originaram três categorías temáticas. Ressalta-se que o projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, sob parecer nº. 1.644.785. Entre os resultados foram obtidos: Ações para promoção da detecção precoce do câncer de próstata; Importância do Diagnóstico Precoce; Fatores que dificultam a detecção precoce do Câncer de próstata. Conclui-se que diante da problemática existente acerca da procura dos serviços de saúde pelo público masculino, é preciso que os profissionais estejam preparados e capacitados de forma que os programas de saúde possam cumprir seus objetivos de promoção e prevenção eficaz.


Abstract The aim of this research was to understand the performance of Family Health Teams on early detection of prostate cancer. It is a qualitative research conducted with 10 health professionals, including doctors, nurses, nursing technicians and community health agents, from two Family Health Units of Jaguaquara, Bahia, Brazil. For data collection we apply a semi-structured interview guided by a script containing five questions inherent to the theme. The information produced was submitted to Bardin's content analysis technique, which originated three thematic categories. It is noteworthy that the project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee, under opinion no. 1,644,785. Between the results we obtained: actions to promote early detection of prostate cancer; importance of early diagnosis; factors that hinder early detection of prostate cancer. It is concluded that given the existing problem regarding the demand for health services by the male public, professionals need to be prepared and trained so that health programs can meet their objectives of effective promotion and prevention.


Resumen El objetivo de esta investigación fue comprender el desempeño de los equipos de salud familiar en la detección temprana del cáncer de próstata. Es una investigación cualitativa realizada con 10 profesionales de la salud, incluidos médicos, enfermeras, técnicos de enfermería y agentes de salud comunitaria, de dos Unidades de Salud Familiar de Jaguaquara, Bahía, Brasil. Para la recopilación de datos, utilizamos una entrevista semiestructurada con una guía que contiene cinco preguntas inherentes al tema. Se aplicó la técnica de análisis de contenido de Bardin, que originó tres categorías temáticas. Es de destacar que el proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética de Investigación, en virtud del dictamen no. 1,644,785. Entre los resultados se obtuvo: las acciones para promover la detección temprana del cáncer de próstata; importancia del diagnóstico precoz; factores que dificultan la detección temprana del cáncer de próstata. Se concluye que debido al problema existente con respecto a la demanda de servicios de salud por parte del público masculino, los profesionales deben estar preparados y capacitados para que los programas de salud puedan cumplir sus objetivos de promoción y prevención efectivas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Neoplasias da Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Brasil , Saúde do Homem , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Promoção da Saúde
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 276, 2020 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The underestimation of depression among men may result from atypical depression symptoms and male help-seeking behaviour. However, higher suicide rates among men than among women indicate a need for gender-specific services for men with depression. In order to develop gender-specific services, it is essential to examine professionals' attitudes towards men's depressive symptoms and treatment needs as well as barriers to and facilitators of treatment. This study examined gender-specific treatment needs in male patients and treatment approaches to male patients from a professional perspective. METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with 33 mental health professionals (MHPs) from five German psychiatric institutions. The study assessed the characteristics and attributes of male patients with depression risk factors for the development of depression among men, their condition at the beginning of treatment, male patients' depressive symptoms, the needs and expectations of male patients, the importance of social networks in a mental health context, and MHPs' treatment aims and treatment methods. Transcripts were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The professionals' reference group of male patients were men who were characterised in accordance with traditional masculinity. Attributes reported as in line with this type of men were late initiations of inpatient treatment after crisis, suicidal ideation or attempted suicide, and high expectations towards treatment duration, success rate in recovery and therapeutic sessions. In contrast, male patients who deviate from these patterns were partially described with reference to female stereotypes. Professionals referred to psychosocial models in their explanations of the causes of depression and provided sociological explanations for the development of masculine ideals among men. The consequences of these for treatment were discussed against the background of normative expectations regarding the male gender. From the professionals' point of view, psychoeducation and the acceptance of depression (as a widespread mental illness) were the most important goals in mental health treatment. CONCLUSIONS: In order to improve mental health among men, gender-specific services should be offered. Awareness of the role of gender and its implications on mental health treatment should be an integral part of MHPs' education and their daily implementation of mental health treatment practices.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Depressão/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Homens/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Masculinidade , Saúde do Homem/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes/psicologia , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Glob Public Health ; 15(7): 1090-1092, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436422

RESUMO

In this commentary, the authors point out that there are important gender determinants to both men's and women's vulnerabilities to COVID-19, and call on the global health community to unpack and address these early in the COVID-19 pandemic response. They point to best practices and tools from two decades of engaging men in research and programming in the sexual and reproductive health field.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Promoção da Saúde , Saúde do Homem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Reprodutiva , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Populações Vulneráveis
11.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 6719301, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32454893

RESUMO

Noncommunicable diseases are long-lasting and slowly progressive and are the leading causes of death and disability. They include cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) that are rising worldwide, with CVD being the leading cause of death in developed countries. Thus, there is a need to find new preventive and therapeutic approaches. Polyphenols seem to have cardioprotective properties; among them, polyphenols and/or minor polar compounds of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) are attracting special interest. In consideration of numerous sex differences present in CVD and DM, in this narrative review, we applied "gender glasses." Globally, it emerges that olive oil and its derivatives exert some anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, modulate glucose metabolism, and ameliorate endothelial dysfunction. However, as in prescription drugs, also in this case there is an important gender bias because the majority of the preclinical studies are performed on male animals, and the sex of donors of cells is not often known; thus a sex/gender bias characterizes preclinical research. There are numerous clinical studies that seem to suggest the benefits of EVOO and its derivatives in CVD; however, these studies have numerous limitations, presenting also a considerable heterogeneity across the interventions. Among limitations, one of the most relevant in the era of personalized medicine, is the non-attention versus women that are few and, also when they are enrolled, sex analysis is lacking. Therefore, in our opinion, it is time to perform more long, extensive and lessheterogeneous trials enrolling both women and men.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Dieta Saudável , Saúde do Homem , Azeite de Oliva/administração & dosagem , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Saúde da Mulher , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Nutritivo , Fatores de Proteção , Recomendações Nutricionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
13.
Intern Med ; 59(9): 1155-1162, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378655

RESUMO

Objective To examine the degree of metabolic abnormalities and their association with the sociodemographic background or mental illness/cognitive disability among homeless men in Nagoya, Japan. Methods We interviewed 106 homeless men (aged 54.2±12.7 years) and measured their metabolic parameters. Mental illness and cognitive disability were diagnosed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III test, respectively. Associations between metabolic abnormalities and the sociodemographic background or mental illness/cognitive disability were analyzed. Results There were significant correlations of liver dysfunction (AST≥35 IU, ALT≥35 IU, γ-GTP≥75 IU), hypertension [systolic/diastolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140/90 mmHg], and dyslipidemia (HDL <40 mg/dL) with the history/duration of homelessness (over 2 times/year) and residence status (living on the streets). Although the mean body mass index (BMI), BP, HbA1c, and LDL in participants living in temporary residences were similar to those obtained from the general population data from National Health Nutrition Survey (NHNS) 2016, the systolic/diastolic BP in those living on the street was significantly higher than in the general population, and the HDL in those living in temporary residences was significantly lower than in those reported in the NHNS 2016 data. In the group with cognitive disability, the ALT, TG, and BMI values were significantly higher and the HDL level significantly lower in those living in temporary residences than in those living on the streets. Conclusion Stressful conditions while living on the streets may exacerbate hypertension and liver dysfunction, and unhealthy food habits when living in a temporary residence may exacerbate low HDL levels. In addition, an inability to self-manage due to cognitive disability may increase the ALT, TG, and BMI values. The provision of homeless people with the skills to sustain independent living conditions and ensure a healthy diet is required.


Assuntos
Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Saúde do Homem , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Dislipidemias/sangue , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças não Transmissíveis/psicologia , Prevalência , Psicometria , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Am J Mens Health ; 14(3): 1557988320925331, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441194
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(5): e16174, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although evaluation studies confirm the strong potential of men's electronic health (eHealth) programs, there have been calls to more fully understand acceptability, engagement, and behavior change to guide future work. Relatedly, mapping of behavior changes using health promotion theories including the transtheoretical model (or stages of change) has been recommended to build a translatable empirical base to advance design and evaluation considerations for men's eHealth programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to use a benchmark sample as a reference group to map the recent and intended health behavior changes in Canadian men who use the Don't Change Much (DCM) eHealth program. The hypothesis being tested was that increased exposure to DCM would be positively associated with men's recent and intended health behavior changes. METHODS: DCM users (n=863) were sampled for demographic data and self-reported recent and intended health behavior changes. Respondents also reported their usage (frequency and duration) for each of the 3 DCM components (web, newsletter, and social media) and were allocated to limited exposure (257/863, 29.8%), low exposure (431/863, 49.9%), and high exposure (175/863, 20.3%) subgroups. A benchmark sample (n=2000), comprising respondents who had not accessed DCM provided a reference group. Bivariate analysis of recent and intended health behavior changes and DCM exposure levels were used to compute the strength of association between the independent variables (exposure levels) and the 10 categorical dependent variables (recent and intended health behavior changes). Binary logistic regression models were computed for each of the 10 recent and intended health behavior changes. Linear regression was used to model the association between the number of recent and intended changes and the level of exposure to DCM. RESULTS: Compared with the benchmark reference group, DCM high-exposure respondents had significantly increased odds for 9 of the 10 health behavior changes, with the largest effect size observed for Changed diet or Improved eating habits (odds ratio [OR] 5.628, 95% CI 3.932-8.055). High-exposure respondents also had significantly increased odds for 9 intended health changes, with the largest effect sizes observed for Reduce stress level (OR 4.282, 95% CI 3.086-5.941). Moderate effect size (goodness of fit) was observed for increased total number of recent (F12,2850=25.52; P.001; adjusted R2=.093) and intended health behavior changes (F12,2850=36.30; P.001; adjusted R2=.129) among high-exposure respondents. CONCLUSIONS: DCM respondents contrasted the predominately precontemplative benchmark sample mapping across the contemplative, preparation, and action stages of the transtheoretical health behavior change model. Almost 10% of variation in the recent and 13% of variation in the intended health behavior changes can be explained by DCM exposure and demographic factors, indicating the acceptability of this men's eHealth resource.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/fisiologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Saúde do Homem/normas , Telemedicina/métodos , Canadá , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(691): 765-768, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320150

RESUMO

Despite obvious needs, adolescent boys do not access information and care in the field of sexual and reproductive health as easily as adolescent girls. The primary care setting gives the opportunity to tackle sexuality topics with boys. It allows to defuse frequent causes of concern in this crucial developmental phase, in a proactive and open-minded way, while focusing on strengths rather than on risks. It also allows to discuss masculine norms and their impact on health, and to come up with essential prevention elements. It is -necessary to focus on boys' health to have them involved in a -changing process on behalf of their own health but also on behalf of girls' and young women's health.


Assuntos
Saúde do Homem , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Educação Sexual/métodos , Saúde Sexual/educação , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Sexualidade , Saúde da Mulher
18.
Urol Clin North Am ; 47(2): 211-217, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272993

RESUMO

Somatic health is associated with male infertility; potential links between infertility and health may arise from genetic, developmental, and lifestyle factors. Studies have explored possible connections between male infertility and oncologic, cardiovascular, metabolic, chronic, and autoimmune diseases. Male infertility also may be a predictor of hospitalization and mortality. Additional research is required to elucidate the mechanisms by which male infertility affects overall health.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Saúde do Homem
19.
J Glob Health ; 10(1): 010701, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257161

RESUMO

Background: Women's and men's health outcomes are different. Some differences are biological, related to male and female sex, while others are related to their gender. Sex- and gender-related issues require different solutions, but policy makers lack straightforward heuristic strategies to identify gender-related health inequities. Methods: Using 169 causes of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) from the 2017 Global Burden of Disease, we calculated the female-to-male (f:m) and male-to-female (m:f) ratios of global DALYs, rank-ordered the ratios by size and calculated the proportion of all-cause DALYs that each cause explained, separately for males and females 15-49 years old. Gender-related vs sex-related causes were categorised using literature on the drivers for the 15 causes with highest f:m and m:f ratios. Results: Causes of DALYs with high m:f ratios appear to be gendered and include: road injuries, interpersonal violence, and drowning - totaling 12.4% of men's (15-49 years) all-cause DALYs. However, causes of DALYs with high f:m ratios are more likely a mix of sex-related and gender-related factors - including headache disorders, depressive disorders, and dietary iron deficiency - totaling 13.4% of women's (15-49 years) all-cause DALYs. Ratios vary by age, geography and Socio-demographic Index. Conclusions: Gender-related vs sex-related causes were categorised using available literature on the drivers for selected causes, illustrating that sex-disaggregated data represents a mix of social and biological influences. This analysis offers a model that policy makers can use to uncover potential gender inequalities in health, including intersections with other social factors. From it, new challenges emerge for global health policy makers and practitioners willing to address them. Global health actors will need to achieve a balance between the two agendas of global health and gender equality.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Homem , Política , Saúde da Mulher , Adolescente , Adulto , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Masculino , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326447

RESUMO

Background: Men's health in Malaysia is slowly gaining more attention, but minimal research has examined how Malaysian men behave and seek treatment. While few studies have investigated men's treatment-seeking behavior (TSB), those that have been conducted seem to be inconclusive and tend to yield contradictory findings. Objectives: This paper aims to determine the proportion of inappropriate TSB and to explore in-depth treatment-seeking behavior among male civil servants in northeastern Malaysia. Methods: This paper adopted a mixed-methods approach, specifically a concurrent parallel study design. A quantitative study using a self-administered questionnaire was performed to identify the proportion of appropriate and inappropriate TSB among male civil servants in northeastern Malaysia. Concurrently, a qualitative study was conducted involving six focus group discussion sessions, and the results of both parts were integrated to provide a detailed explanation of TSB among the participants. Results: A total of 381 participants were involved in the quantitative study, yielding a response rate of 94.8%; 246 (64.6%) engaged in inappropriate TSB. Some of the reported morbidities among the participants were hypertension (26.5%) and diabetes mellitus (26.2%). From the qualitative study, a main theme related to TSB emerged with several sub-themes, which were health literacy, stage of seeking treatment, preference for alternative treatment, perceived threat of illness, self-treatment, and the influence of family members and others. Conclusions: TSB among male civil servants in northeastern Malaysia is poor, and the factors contributing to it are multidimensional. This study has provided new valuable evidence on men's TSB in northeastern Malaysia. The findings can be used to facilitate and improve current policies and the implementation of men's health services throughout the country.


Assuntos
Saúde do Homem , Homens , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Adulto , Humanos , Malásia , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
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