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1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 592850, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095043

RESUMO

With the current study, we investigate mechanisms linking sleep quality with work engagement. Work engagement is an affective-motivational state of feeling vigorous, absorbed, and dedicated while working. Drawing from both the effort-recovery model and the job demands-resources framework, we hypothesize that sleep quality should be positively related to work engagement via the replenishment of personal resources that become apparent in mental health and physical health. Because personal resources should gain salience especially in the face of job demands, we hypothesize that overtime as an indicator for job demands should strengthen the positive relationship between mental health and work engagement. We gathered data from 152 employees from diverse industries via an online survey. Results showed that sleep quality was positively related to work engagement (r = 0.20, p < 0.05), and that mental health mediated this relationship (indirect effect: ß = 0.23, lower limit confidence interval = 0.13, upper limit confidence interval = 0.34). However, physical health did not serve as a mediator. Overtime turned out to be significantly and positively related to work engagement (r = 0.22, p < 0.01), replicating previous findings, but did not significantly interact with mental health or physical health in predicting work engagement. Overall, the study highlights the significance of sleep quality for employees' mental health and work engagement.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Engajamento no Trabalho , Saúde Mental , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 623441, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34095047

RESUMO

Background: Occupational health and safety (OHS) training is an important way to prevent construction safety risks. However, the effectiveness of OHS training in China is questionable. In this study, the CHAID (chi-squared automatic interaction detection) decision tree, chi-square analysis, and correlation analysis were used to explore the main, secondary, weak, unrelated, and expectation factors affecting the effectiveness of training. It is the first to put forward the "five-factor method" of training effectiveness. It is found that training effectiveness is positively correlated with job responsibilities, OHS training, and job satisfaction. It is also significantly related to job certificate, training time, training method, and working time. However, the effectiveness of training has nothing to do with personal age, marital status, educational level, job type, and whether or not they have experienced industrial accidents. And the workers on site expect the enterprise to provide security and opportunities such as physical safety, training and learning, and future career development. The results show that OHS system training should be strengthened in the construction industry, and classified training should be carried out according to post responsibility, training methods, job satisfaction, and working hours.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Saúde do Trabalhador , Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle , China , Árvores de Decisões , Humanos
3.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1042, 2021 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The workplace has been identified as a priority setting for health promotion. There are potential advantages of systematically integrating Occupational Health Management (OHM) and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). However, OHM and CSR are usually overseen by different management branches with different sets of values, and there is a lack of empirical research regarding interfaces between OHM and CSR. Germany offers a particularly useful setting due to legislation requiring health to be promoted in the workplace. This study aims to examine key stakeholders' views and experiences regarding interfaces between OHM and CSR in German companies. METHODS: Individual semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with a sample of 77 German stakeholders from three different groups: experts in occupational health and corporate social responsibility from various companies (n = 35), business partners (n = 19), and various non-business partners (n = 23). Transcripts were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Participants identified several areas in which OHM and CSR are already interacting at strategic, structural and cultural levels, but also highlighted several barriers that undermine a more meaningful interaction. Participants reported difficulties in articulating the underlying ethical values relevant to both OHM and CSR at the strategic level. Several structural barriers were also highlighted, including a lack of resources (both financial and knowledge), and OHM and CSR departments not being fully developed or undertaken at entirely different operational levels. Finally, the missing practical implementation of corporate philosophy was identified as a critical cultural barrier to interfaces between OHM and CSR, with existing guidelines and companies' philosophies that already connect OHM and CSR not being embraced by employees and managers. CONCLUSIONS: There is already significant overlap in the focus of OHM and CSR, at the structural, strategic and cultural levels in many German companies. The potential is there, both in theory and practice, for the systematic combination of OHM and CSR. The insights from this study will be useful to ensure that closer integration between both management branches is set up in a socially sustainable and ethical manner.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Alemanha , Humanos , Organizações , Responsabilidade Social , Local de Trabalho
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact that occupational health and safety policies have on employees' work and organisational commitment and, in turn, on their intention to leave the company. METHODS: For this study, we designed a questionnaire with a five-level Likert scale and distributed it among professionals from different companies in the IT consultancy sector in Spain. The data collected from 458 completed questionnaires were analysed using the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) technique using the SmartPLS software. RESULTS: From the analysis of the data, it was concluded that there is indeed a positive relationship between occupational health and safety policies and employees' work and organisational commitment, as well as a negative relationship between these policies and the intention to leave the company. Similarly, there is a negative relationship between employees' work and organisational commitment and their turnover intention. CONCLUSIONS: Although, due to the activity of professionals in the sector, occupational health and safety has not been an area of priority, it was concluded from this study that an improvement in these areas would have a beneficial effect on the commitment of workers to the company, thus helping to reduce the high levels of turnover in the sector. Future lines of research, as well as their practical application and the limitations of the study, are indicated at the end of the paper.


Assuntos
Intenção , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072475

RESUMO

Protecting worker and public health involves an understanding of multiple determinants, including exposures to biological, chemical, or physical agents or stressors in combination with other determinants including type of employment, health status, and individual behaviors. This has been illustrated during the COVID-19 pandemic by increased exposure and health risks for essential workers and those with pre-existing conditions, and mask-wearing behavior. Health risk assessment practices for environmental and occupational health typically do not incorporate multiple stressors in combination with personal risk factors. While conceptual developments in cumulative risk assessment to inform a more holistic approach to these real-life conditions have progressed, gaps remain, and practical methods and applications are rare. This scoping review characterizes existing evidence of combined stressor exposures and personal factors and risk to foster methods for occupational cumulative risk assessment. The review found examples from many workplaces, such as manufacturing, offices, and health care; exposures to chemical, physical, and psychosocial stressors combined with modifiable and unmodifiable determinants of health; and outcomes including respiratory function and disease, cancers, cardio-metabolic diseases, and hearing loss, as well as increased fertility, menstrual dysfunction and worsened mental health. To protect workers, workplace exposures and modifiable and unmodifiable characteristics should be considered in risk assessment and management. Data on combination exposures can improve assessments and risk estimates and inform protective exposure limits and management strategies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Pandemias , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Local de Trabalho
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073326

RESUMO

Growth of the information economy and globalization of labor markets will be marked by exponential growth in emerging technologies that will cause considerable disruption of the social and economic sectors that drive the global job market. These disruptions will alter the way we work, where we work, and will be further affected by the changing demographic characteristics and level of training of the available workforce. These changes will likely result in scenarios where existing workplace hazards are exacerbated and new hazards with unknown health effects are created. The pace of these changes heralds an urgent need for a proactive approach to understand the potential effects new and emerging workplace hazards will have on worker health, safety, and well-being. As employers increasingly rely on non-standard work arrangements, research is needed to better understand the work organization and employment models that best support decent work and improved worker health, safety, and well-being. This need has been made more acute by the SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic that has resulted in dramatic changes in employment patterns, millions of lost jobs, an erosion of many economic sectors, and widespread disparities which further challenge occupational safety and health (OSH) systems to ensure a healthy and productive workplace. To help identify new research approaches to address OSH challenges in the future, a virtual workshop was organized in June 2020 with leading experts in the fields of OSH, well-being, research methods, mental health, economics, and life-course analysis. A paradigm shift will be needed for OSH research in the future of work that embraces key stakeholders and thinks differently about research that will improve lives of workers and enhance enterprise success. A more transdisciplinary approach to research will be needed that integrates the skills of traditional and non-traditional OSH research disciplines, as well as broader research methods that support the transdisciplinary character of an expanded OSH paradigm. This article provides a summary of the presentations, discussion, and recommendations that will inform the agenda of the Expanded Focus for Occupational Safety and Health (Ex4OSH) International Conference, planned for December 2021.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde do Trabalhador , Emprego , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Local de Trabalho
7.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 91, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Work-related stress shows steadily increasing prevalence rates and has tangible consequences for individual workers, their organizations, and society as a whole. One mechanism that may help offset the negative outcomes of work-related stress on employees' well-being is recovery. Recovery refers to the experience of unwinding from one's job when not at work. However, employees who experience high levels of work-related stress and are thus particularly in need of recovery tend to struggle to switch-off. Due to the detrimental effects of this prolonged and sustained mental representation of job stressors, interventions promoting recovery may contribute to improvements in employees' mental health. METHODS: In this randomized, waitlist controlled trial, we will investigate the effectiveness of two 6-week online training programs (cognitive behavioral and mindfulness-based). The sample will include employees working at least part-time during regular work hours. Besides the pre-post-follow-up assessments, the trial will include measurement bursts with the goal of examining the underlying mechanisms. We expect that both interventions will reduce work-related perseverative thinking (PT) compared with the waitlist control groups (primary outcome). Also, we expect that both interventions will result in similar improvements, but the underlying mechanisms will differ (process outcomes). In the cognitive-behavioral intervention group, we expect that the main mechanism responsible for lower PT levels will be an increase in recovery experiences across time. In the mindfulness-based group, we expect that the main mechanism responsible for lower PT levels will be an increase in facets of mindfulness across time. DISCUSSION: In the present study, we will investigate mechanisms underlying assumed changes in work-related PT in great detail. Besides evaluating the overall effectiveness of the two interventions in terms of pre-post-follow-up changes, we will look at the underlying processes at different levels-that is, within days, within weeks, across weeks, and between individuals. Accordingly, our study will offer a fine-grained approach to investigating potential determinants, mediators, and moderators of the processes that may, in the end, be responsible for work-related strain. From a public health perspective, if effective, the online training programs may offer valuable, low-threshold, and low-intensity interventions for a broad range of occupations. Trial registration German Clinical Trials Registration: DRKS00024933. Registered prospectively 7 April 2021. https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00024933.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Transtornos Mentais , Atenção Plena , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 128(6): 323-330, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096932

RESUMO

In recent decades, hand eczema has been seen more frequently in oral care practices. Hand eczema is a difficult problem, especially since the start of the current COVID-19-pandemic, and can lead to absence due to illness at work. The main trio in the development of eczema is predisposition (atopy), irritation and allergy. Irritative contact dermatitis is caused by damage to the skin barrier. In dentistry, this is often caused by frequent contact with water, soaps, disinfectants and the use of gloves. The cause of allergic contact dermatitis is related to the use of various materials in oral care practice, such as acrylates, rubber and rubber additives. Essential measures are very important in oral care practice to prevent hand eczema. Various measures are key: adequate skin care with liniments, good skin protection with proper gloves and no-touch techniques. Knowledge of possible allergens and adequate hand hygiene and hand care are crucial to minimize the risk of chronic eczema.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dermatite Ocupacional , Dermatoses da Mão , Saúde do Trabalhador , Dermatite Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Dermatoses da Mão/epidemiologia , Dermatoses da Mão/etiologia , Dermatoses da Mão/prevenção & controle , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074078

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the research status of occupational health risk assessment in recent ten years. Methods: In April 2020, the literatures related to occupational health risk assessment published by CNKI and Web of Science core collection (WoSCC) databases from 2010 to 2019 were searched, and Excel 2016 software was used to organize the literature, CiteSpace 5.6.R2 software was used for visual analysis. Results: A total of 58 Chinese literatures and 407 English literatures were included. The authors of the high frequency posts were Zhang Meibian, and Alessandro Marinaccio, and the publishing institutions were mainly the National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Finnish Institute Occupational Health. The Chinese journal with the most articles was Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, and the English journal was Safety Science. Chinese high-frequency keywords mainly included risk assessment, occupational health, occupational exposure. English high-frequency keywords mainly included occupational health, risk, risk factor. The prominent words in Chinese literature were occupational health, coal dust, occupational hazards, occupational health and occupational disease hazards; Risk assessment, worker, exposure, heart disease, cardiovascular disease and so on were prominent words in English literature. Conclusion: The main research keywords in the field of occupational health risk assessment at home and abroad focus on occupational health and risk assessment, but the research direction and focus are slightly different.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Saúde do Trabalhador , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Publicações , Medição de Risco
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074087

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the health risks of welding fume jobs with five occupational health risk assessment methods, and to compare the advantages, disadvantages and applicability of these methods in the health risk assessment of welding fume. Methods: The International Commission for Mining and Metals (ICMM) occupational health risk assessment method, MES method, the qualitative method and comprehensive index method in GBZ/T 298-2017 "Technical Guidelines for Occupational Health Risk Assessment of Chemical Hazardous Factors in the Workplace" were used to assess the risk of welding fume exposure positions in four manufacturing enterprises in Tianjin in March, 2020. The assessment results of different methods were standardized by risk ratio (RR) . Results: After the results were standardized, the results of enterprises 1, 2 and 4 were negligible risks, enterprise 3 was medium risk in the ICMM matrix method and MES method, and the results of ICMM quantitative method for each enterprise were negligible risk, low risk, extremely high risk and low risk, respectively. The results of the qualitative assessment of the guidelines for all companies were negligible risks, and the comprehensive index method were medium risks. Conclusion: The five models are all suitable for occupational health risk assessment of welding fumes, but they all have certain shortcomings. They should be combined with qualitative and semi-quantitative assessment results for comprehensive analysis.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Soldagem , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise , Gases , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Medição de Risco , Local de Trabalho
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074088

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the individual dose level of occupational external radiation of radiation workers in Lanzhou in 2019, so as to provide reference for radiation protection and occupational health management. Methods: In April 2020, a total of 1460 radiation workers in Gansu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2019 were selected as the research objects. The unit nature, hospital level and occupational category of the monitored workers were collected, and the monitoring results of external radiation personal dose in 2019 were analyzed and compared. Results: In the occupational external radiation monitoring of radiation workers in Lanzhou in 2019, the effective dose of 48 persons was 1.0~<5.0 mSv, the effective dose of 2 persons was 5.0~<10.0 mSv, the annual collective effective dose was 308.21 people·mSv, and the average annual effective dose of monitored persons was 0.21 mSv/a. There was significant difference in the distribution of annual effective dose per capita among different occupational groups (H=34.43, P<0.05) . The annual effective dose per capita of nuclear medicine personnel was higher (0.56 mSv/a) , followed by interventional radiology (0.33 mSv/a) . The ratio of annual collective dose to total annual collective dose with annual individual dose more than 5 mSv (SR(5)) and the ratio of the number of staff with annual individual dose more than 1mSv to the total number of monitored personnel (NR(1)) were higher in nuclear medicine and interventional radiology personnel. The average annual effective dose distribution of diagnostic radiologists in different level hospitals was statistically significant (H=16.46, P<0.05) . The average annual effective dose in private hospitals, community hospitals and health centers was higher (0.32 mSv) , followed by county hospitals (0.23 mSv) . Conclusion: The individual dose of occupational external radiation of radiation workers in Lanzhou is generally low, and the annual effective dose of nuclear medicine and interventional radiology workers is high. The management of radiation protection should be emphasis on this people. And it is suggested to strengthen the supervision of private hospitals and update and maintain the equipment of community health centers.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Monitoramento de Radiação , Proteção Radiológica , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Doses de Radiação
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074089

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the health hazards of fluorine and its inorganic compounds to workers exposed to fluorine, and to provide technical support for the protection of workers exposed to fluorine and the revision of occupational disease diagnostic standards. Methods: In January 2019, 677 workers exposed to fluorine in a fluorine chemical company in Hunan Province were selected by cluster sampling, and occupational health examination was conducted. The suspected occupational poisoning workers were diagnosed as occupational diseases, which were divided into poisoning group and non-poisoning group. T test and Pearson χ(2) test were used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 73 occupational chronic fluorosis patients were diagnosed. 93.15% (68/73) of the skeletal lesions were multiple, and the most frequent sites were the upper tibia and fibula. 35.00% (21/60) , 50.00% (18/36) and 58.82% (10/17) of the tibia, fibula, ulna and radius had periosteal changes only on one side. Other abnormal results were mainly dental calculus (60.71%, 411/677) , fatty liver (48.89%, 331/677) , abnormal electrocardiogram (44.17%, 299/677) , decreased bone mass (33.53%, 227/677) and increased ALT (13.15%, 89/677) . Compared with non-poisoning group, the age, length of service exposed to fluoride and fatty liver detection rate of poisoning group were higher, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01) . Conclusion: The changes of long bone caused by inorganic fluoride only occur in one side, so the basic location of occupational health examination should include bilateral long bone to avoid missed diagnosis. It is difficult to diagnose occupational poisoning with single slight periosteal ossification, it is suggested that the standard should be revised to specify the degree.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Flúor , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Intoxicação por Flúor/diagnóstico , Fluoretos , Flúor , Humanos
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074093

RESUMO

In this paper, the related research on occupational hazards of civil aviation employees at home and abroad is reviewed, and the effects of noise, radioactivity, harmful gas, bad posture, occupational stress, fatigue and many other factors on the health of civil aviation employees are summarized. This paper describes the characteristics of occupational hazard factors and their effects on the health of civil aviation employees in order to provide a basis for the management of civil aviation related units to control occupational hazard factors. The occupational health problems of civil aviation employees need to be paid attention to and managed.


Assuntos
Aviação , Doenças Profissionais , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Fadiga , Humanos , Ruído , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
14.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(1)jun. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1147344

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a letalidade da COVID-19 por sexo e idade entre os profissionais de saúde do Estado Pará, Brasil. Método: estudo epidemiológico e observacional, com utilização de dados secundários públicos sobre casos e óbitos acumulados por COVID-19 e dados demográficos, entre março e outubro de 2020. O número de casos e óbitos por COVID-19 ocorridos entre profissionais de saúde foram comparados em relação à idade e ao sexo pelo teste qui-quadrado, seguido por regressão logística pelo método Backward Stepwise de Wald. Resultados: entre os 15.332 casos confirmados de COVID-19, 70,3% eram do sexo feminino e 61,3% com idade entre 30 a 49 anos (39,2±11,6 anos). Registraram-se 97 óbitos, com uma taxa de letalidade de 0,6%. A probabilidade de óbito foi 52,8 vezes (20,7-134,5) e 4,0 vezes (2,5-6,2) maior entre jovens e homens quando comparados às demais notificações. Conclusão: a taxa de letalidade entre os profissionais de saúde é alta, especialmente entre homens jovens. Este é um alerta sobre os impactos da doença entre os trabalhadores da saúde e suscita ao poder público, especificamente ao setor saúde melhores condições de trabalho e políticas de saúde do trabalhador.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the lethality of COVID-19 by sex and age among health professionals in the state of Pará, Brazil. Method: epidemiological and observational study, using public secondary data on cases and deaths accumulated by COVID-19 and demographic data, between March and October 2020. The number of cases and deaths by COVID-19 that occurred among health professionals were compared in relation to age and sex using the chi-square test, followed by logistic regression using Wald's Backward Stepwise method. Results: among the 15,332 confirmed cases of COVID-19, 70.3% were female and 61.3% aged between 30 and 49 years (39.2 ± 11.6 years). 97 deaths were recorded, with a fatality rate of 0.6%. The probability of death was 52.8 times (20.7-134.5) and 4.0 times (2.5-6.2) higher among young men and men when compared to other reports. Conclusion: the lethality rate among health professionals is high, especially among young men. This is an alert about the impacts of the disease among health workers and raises the public authorities, specifically the health sector, better working conditions and worker health policies.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la letalidad de COVID-19 por sexo y edad en profesionales de la salud en el estado de Pará, Brasil. Método: estudio epidemiológico y observacional, utilizando datos secundarios públicos sobre casos y defunciones acumulados por COVID-19 y datos demográficos, entre marzo y octubre de 2020. Se comparó el número de casos y defunciones por COVID-19 ocurridos entre profesionales de la salud en relación con edad y sexo usando la prueba de chi-cuadrado, seguida de regresión logística usando el método de Wald Backward Stepwise. Resultados: entre los 15.332 casos confirmados de COVID-19, el 70,3% eran mujeres y el 61,3% tenían entre 30 y 49 años (39,2 ± 11,6 años). Se registraron 97 muertes, con una tasa de letalidad del 0,6%. La probabilidad de muerte fue 52,8 veces (20,7-134,5) y 4,0 veces (2,5-6,2) más grande entre hombres y jóvenes en comparación con otros informes. Conclusión: la tasa de letalidad entre los profesionales de la salud es alta, especialmente entre los hombres jóvenes. Se trata de una alerta sobre los impactos de la enfermedad entre los trabajadores de la salud y plantea a las autoridades públicas, específicamente al sector salud, mejores condiciones laborales y políticas de salud laboral.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Política de Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Epidemiológicos
15.
Toxicol Ind Health ; 37(6): 353-364, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973821

RESUMO

According to the health regulations, industrial environments due to the gathering of people are considered as one of the highest-risk places during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, planning with regard to health concerns can decisively help in infection control and continuity of businesses during the pandemic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the COVID-19 control management measures in the Sepid-farab Kavir Steel Complex (SKS complex) located in Isfahan province (Iran) using strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) matrix. After a literature review and field surveys, all weak, strong, threatening, and opportunity points were collected and were listed using the internal factor evaluation (IFE) and external factor evaluation (EFE) matrices and then were prioritized and weighted. Next, given the sum of scores of IFE and EFE, the SWOT matrix was constructed, the disease prevention and control strategies in the complex was determined, and finally, experts proposed corrective measures to improve the current situation. The results of the IFE matrix (IFE) analysis showed that in terms of corona control, there are more weaknesses than strengths within the company (the score of this matrix was 201.12). Also the score of 165 on the EFE matrix indicated that external threats were predominant, compared to external opportunities of company. SWOT analysis showed that despite some external problems and challenges, the existence of a favorable internal decision-making system had an important role in developing appropriate health strategies and implementing effective prevention measures in SKS complex against the COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Indústria Manufatureira/organização & administração , Aço , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Indústria Manufatureira/normas , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Med J Malaysia ; 76(3): 284-290, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has dramatically affected global healthcare systems. We aimed to determine the response of our paediatric surgical fraternity to a disease that overwhelmingly affects adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study over 6 weeks during a federally mandated lockdown. Using snowball sampling, we recruited paediatric surgeons, trainees and medical officers from paediatric surgical units in Malaysia. The anonymous online questionnaire covered sociodemographic information, changes in patient care, redeployment, concerns regarding family members, and impact on training. Mental well-being was assessed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Kruskal-Wallis, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis was used, with significance level 0.05. RESULTS: Of the 129 eligible participants, 100(77%) responded. Junior doctors had clinically higher levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. Age <30 years was significantly associated with anxiety. Junior doctors believed that redeployment led to loss of surgical skills (p<0.001) and trainees felt that clinical application of knowledge had reduced (p<0.020). CONCLUSION: Specific to our paediatric surgical community, this study highlights areas of concern, particularly among junior doctors. It is likely that recurrent cycles of the pandemic will occur soon. These issues must be addressed to preserve the mental and emotional well-being of all health care workers.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Pediatras/psicologia , Pediatria/tendências , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/tendências , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Pandemias , Pediatras/educação , Pediatras/tendências , Pediatria/educação , Padrões de Prática Médica , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/educação , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12224, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Little is known about workplace measures against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Japan during the winter of 2020, especially in micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). This study aimed to provide an overview of the current situation of anti-COVID-19 measures in Japanese enterprises during the winter, considering company size. METHODS: This study was an Internet-based nationwide cross-sectional study. Individuals who were registered as full-time workers were invited to participate in the survey. Data were collected using an online self-administered questionnaire in December 2020. The chi-squared test for trend was performed to calculate the P-value for trend for each workplace measure across company sizes. RESULTS: For the 27 036 participants, across company sizes, the most prevalent workplace measure was encouraging mask wearing at work, followed by requesting that employees refrain from going to work when ill and restricting work-related social gatherings and entertainment. These measures were implemented by approximately 90% of large-scale enterprises and by more than 40% of micro- and small-scale enterprises. In contrast, encouraging remote working was implemented by less than half of large-scale enterprises and by around 20% of micro- and small-scale enterprises. There were statistically significant differences in all workplace measures by company size (all P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: We found that various responses to COVID-19 had been taken in workplaces. However, some measures, including remote working, were still not well-implemented, especially in smaller enterprises. The findings suggest that occupational health support for MSMEs is urgently needed to mitigate the current wave of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(suppl 1): e20201080, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to describe the experience of a private outpatient network for hematology and oncology treatment in the adoption of management tools to face the risk of contamination by SARS-CoV-2. METHOD: an experience report on the use of a root cause analysis method to identify potential risks of contamination by COVID-19 among patients and employees. Through the risks identified through the Ishikawa Diagram, we built an action plan, linked to the 5W2H tool, for planning and decision-making implemented. RESULTS: the number of attendances in person and people circulating in the units was reduced, protective distance measures and new protection barriers were fundamental to control the risks of spreading COVID-19 in patients and employees. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the management tools served as a valuable tool in the construction of measures, making the measures in question more clearly and applicable.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/psicologia , Oncologia/métodos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Int Heart J ; 62(3): 465-469, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053997

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the lives of healthcare professionals, especially vulnerable physicians such as young or female cardiologists. In Japan, they are facing the fear of not only infection but also weak and unstable employment, difficulties in medical practice and training anxiety, implications for research and studying abroad, as well as worsened mental health issues due to social isolation. Conversely, some positive aspects are seen through the holding of remote meetings and conferences. Here, we suggest a new working style for cardiologists, as well as offer solutions to the medical employment problems that have been taken place in Japan.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Cardiologistas/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Médicas/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Cardiologistas/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Saúde Mental , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/terapia , Distanciamento Físico , Sexismo/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Apoio Social , Populações Vulneráveis
20.
Work ; 69(1): 3-13, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 global pandemic brought several challenges to occupational safety and health practice. One of these is the need to (re)assess the occupational risks, particularly, biological risks. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work is to promote guidance to occupational safety and health practitioners when conducting a biological risk assessment in this context. METHODS: The main steps of the biological risk assessment are explained with some inputs regarding the novelty posed by SARS-CoV-2 and an example of a qualitative risk assessment method is presented. Also, its application to two different activities was exemplified. RESULTS: In both cases, the assessment considered that vulnerable workers were working from home or in medical leave. The results showed low or medium risk level for the assessed tasks. For medium risk level, additional controls are advised, such maintain social distancing, sanitize instruments/equipment before use, use proper and well-maintained PPE (when applicable), and promote awareness sessions to spread good practices at work. Employers must be aware of their obligations regarding biological risk assessment and OSH practitioners must be prepared to screen and link the abundance of scientific evidence generated following the outbreak, with the technical practice. CONCLUSIONS: This paper could be an important contribution to OSH practice since it highlights the need to (re)assess occupational risks, especially biological risk, to ensure a safe return to work, providing technical guidance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde do Trabalhador , Medição de Risco , Humanos , Pandemias
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