Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 36.290
Filtrar
6.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 9: 5, jul. 15, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1009333

RESUMO

"\"\\\"[{\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Objetivo: identificar o perfil sociodemográfico e laboral dos enfermeiros docentes atuantes em programas de pós-graduação stricto sensu em Enfermagem de instituições públicas do Rio Grande do Sul. Método:\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nestudo quantitativo, descritivo e exploratório, desenvolvido com enfermeiros docentes de três universidades\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nfederais. A coleta deu-se de novembro de 2015 à outubro de 2016, por meio de um questionário sociodemográfico e laboral.Os resultados foram analisados pelo software Statistical Analysis System. Resultados: houve predomínio do sexo feminino, idade média de 53,92 e casados/união estável. Ingressaram na pós-graduação entre 2009 e 2014, possuem alunos à nível de mestrado e doutorado, não possuem outro emprego, não estiveram afastados do trabalho por mais de três dias, bem como nos últimos seis meses. Conclusão: os resultados apresentam importantes características sobre o perfil dos enfermeiros docentes, o que pode auxiliar na compreensão acerca dos riscos de adoecimento deste grupo, assim como do seu processo de trabalho.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"pt\\\\\\\"}, {\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Aim: to identify the sociodemographic and occupational profile of teaching nurses working in stricto\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nsensu postgraduate programs in Nursing of public institutions in Rio Grande do Sul. Method: quantitative,\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\ndescriptive and exploratory study, developed with teaching nurses from three federal universities. The data\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\ncollection was from November 2015 to October 2016, through a sociodemographic and labor questionnaire. The results were analyzed by the Statistical Analysis System software. Results: there was predominance of females, mean age of 53.92 and married / stable union. They entered graduate school between 2009 and 2014, have masters and doctorate students, have no other job, have not been away from work for more than three days, as well as in the last six months. Conclusion: the results have important characteristics on the profile of teaching nurses, which can help in understanding the risks of illness of this group, as well as their work process.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"en\\\\\\\"}, {\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Objetivo: identificar el perfil sociodemográfico y laboral de los enfermeros docentes actuantes en\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nprogramas de postgrado, stricto sensu, en Enfermería, de instituciones públicas del Rio Grande do Sul. Método: estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio, desarrollado con enfermeros docentes de tres universidades. La recolección de datos ocurrió de noviembre de 2015 a octubre de 2016, por medio de un cuestionario sociodemográfico y laboral. Los resultados fueron analizados por el software Statistical Analysis System. Resultados: se identificó el predominio de docentes del sexo femenino, edad media de 53,92 y casados. Ingresaron en el postgrado entre 2009 y 2014, tienen alumnos de maestría y doctorado, no poseen otro empleo, no estuvieron alejados del trabajo por más de tres días, tampoco en los últimos seis meses. Conclusión: los resultados presentan importantes características sobre el perfil de los enfermeros docentes, lo que puede auxiliar la comprensión sobre los riesgos de enfermedad de este grupo, así como de su proceso de trabajo\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"es\\\\\\\"}]\\\"\""


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Enfermagem , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Instituições de Ensino Superior , Docentes de Enfermagem
7.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 9: 6, jul. 15, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1009335

RESUMO

"\"\\\"[{\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Objetivo: analisar como os agricultores avaliam os níveis de barreiras e de facilitadores de fatores\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nambientais relacionados à saúde para o desempenho de suas atividades e participação. Método: estudo quantitativo transversal, realizado com 255 agricultores de dois ambientes rurais por meio de um instrumento baseado na Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: quanto aos serviços de saúde, os trabalhadores do ambiente I evidenciaram maiores níveis de facilitadores do que barreiras. O apoio e as atitudes individuais de profissionais de saúde foram avaliados como: facilitadores consideráveis para os agricultores do ambiente I; moderados para os do II; e, como nenhuma barreira para o desempenho das atividades e participação nos dois ambientes. Conclusão: a percepção dos agricultores em relação a barreiras e facilitadores dos serviços de saúde perpassa: pela localização geográfica da unidade de ESF, pela questão do vínculo, pelas alterações decorrentes do processo de envelhecimento que podem diminuir o desempenho no trabalho e ocasionar uma busca maior na procura aos serviços.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"pt\\\\\\\"}, {\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Aim: to analyse how farmers evaluate levels of the barriers and facilitators of health related\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nenvironmental factors for the performance of their activities and participation. Method: a cross-sectional\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nquantitative study carried out with 255 farmers from two rural environments using an instrument based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed. Results: regarding health services, workers from environment I showed higher levels of facilitators than barriers. The support and individual attitudes of health professionals have been evaluated as: considerable facilitators for environment I farmers; moderate to II; and, as no barrier to the performance of activities and participation in both environments. Conclusion: farmers' perceptions regarding barriers and facilitators of health services are due to: the geographic location of the FHS unit, the link issue, the changes resulting from the aging process, which may decrease performance at work and cause a service search.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"en\\\\\\\"}, {\\\\\\\"text\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"Objetivo: analizar como los agricultores evalúan los niveles de trabes y de facilidades en factores\\\\\\\\r\\\\\\\\nambientales relacionados a la salud para el desempeño de sus actividades y participación. Método: estudio cuantitativo transversal, realizado con 255 agricultores de dos ambientes rurales, por medio de un instrumento basado en la Clasificación Internacional de Funcionalidad, Incapacidad y Salud. Se realizó análisis estadístico descriptivo e inferencial. Resultados: con relación a los servicios de salud, los trabajadores del ambiente I evidenciaron mayores niveles de facilidades que de trabes. El apoyo y las actitudes individuales de los profesionales de la salud se evaluaron como: facilidades considerables para los agricultores del ambiente I; moderados para los del II; y, con ninguno trabe para el desempeño de las actividades y participación en los dos ambientes. Conclusión: la percepción de los agricultores con relación a los trabes y facilidades de los servicios de salud pasa: por la ubicación geográfica de la unidad de ESF, por la cuestión del vínculo, por los cambios resultantes del proceso de envejecimiento, que pueden disminuir el desempeño en el trabajo y resultar en una búsqueda mayor a los servicios de salud.\\\\\\\", \\\\\\\"_i\\\\\\\": \\\\\\\"es\\\\\\\"}]\\\"\""


Assuntos
Humanos , População Rural , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Enfermagem
8.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 843-848, jul.-set. 2019. tab, il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005484

RESUMO

Objetivo: Explorar a relação entre disposição ao estresse e processo de trabalho junto a docentes universitários. Métodos: Pesquisa quanti-qualitativa, realizada com docentes das Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, utilizando instrumentos autoaplicáveis. Resultados: A prevalência do estresse entre os docentes foi de 35%. Considerando os diferentes aspectos investigados do processo de trabalho: curso de graduação e pós-graduação, regime de trabalho, carga horária, atividade administrativa; nenhuma condição apresentou relação significativa com o estresse, suas fases de evolução e sintomatologia. Grande parte dos docentes atribui a determinação do estresse a questões administrativas inerentes ao trabalho e ao atrito com estudantes e colegas de trabalho. Para o enfrentamento do estresse, os docentes manifestam com frequência a prática de atividades físicas e de atividades de lazer, a busca pelo contato com amigos e familiares e o aprimoramento de habilidades pessoais. Conclusão: O estresse esteve significativamente presente no meio docente, independente do processo de trabalho exercido


Objective: To explore the relationship between stress disposition and the work process among university professors. Methods: Quantitativequalitative research, carried out with teachers of the Biological Sciences and Health, using self-applicable instruments. Results: The prevalence of stress among teachers was 35%. Considering the different investigated aspects of the work process: undergraduate and postgraduate course, work regime, workload, administrative activity; no condition had a significant relationship with stress, its stages of evolution and symptomatology. Most teachers attribute stress determination to administrative issues inherent in work and friction with students and co-workers. Faced with stress, teachers often demonstrate physical activity and leisure activities, the search for contact with friends and family, and the improvement of personal skills. Conclusion: Stress was significantly present in the teaching environment, regardless of the work process


Objetivo: Explorar la relación entre disposición al estrés y proceso de trabajo junto a docentes universitarios. Métodos: Investigación cuantitativa, realizada con docentes de las Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, utilizando instrumentos auto-aplicables. Resultados: La prevalencia del estrés entre los docentes fue del 35%. Considerando los diferentes aspectos investigados del proceso de trabajo: curso de graduación y posgrado, régimen de trabajo, carga horaria, actividad administrativa; Ninguna condición presentó una relación significativa con el estrés, sus fases de evolución y sintomatología. Muchos de los docentes atribuyen la determinación del estrés a cuestiones administrativas inherentes al trabajo ya la fricción con estudiantes y compañeros de trabajo. Para el enfrentamiento del estrés, los docentes manifiestan con frecuencia la práctica de actividades físicas y de actividades de ocio, la búsqueda por el contacto con amigos y familiares y el perfeccionamiento de habilidades personales. Conclusión: El estrés estuvo significativamente presente en el medio docente, independiente del proceso de trabajo ejercido


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/educação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional , Brasil , Docentes de Enfermagem
9.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 998-1004, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1005822

RESUMO

Objetivos: Avaliar a influência das condições de saúde mental na qualidade de vida (QV) dos taxistas. Métodos: Estudo de corte transversal realizado com 133 taxistas associados ao Sindicato dos Condutores Autônomos de Jequié/BA. Para avaliar a qualidade de vida foi utilizado o questionário Whoqol-Bref e o questionário SRQ20 para as condições de saúde. Para as análises estatísticas foi utilizado o teste de Mann Whitney, adotando nível de confiança de 5% (p<0,05). A pesquisa teve aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa sob o n° 333.535. Resultados: A prevalência da suspeição de transtorno mental comum foi de 25,6% e houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre todos os domínios da qualidade de vida. Conclusão: Os indivíduos que apresentaram algum tipo de transtorno mental comum apresentaram pior percepção de QV. Assim conclui-se que as condições de saúde mental influenciam na qualidade de vida dos taxistas


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of mental health conditions in the Quality of Life of taxi drivers. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 133 taxi drivers associated with the Union of Autonomous in Jequié-BA. To evaluate the Quality of Life were used the instrument Whoqol-Bref and to the mental health conditions, were used SRQ-20. For the statistical analysis were used the Mann Whitney test and a 95% confidence level (p< 0,05). The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee under number 333.535. Results: The prevalence of mental health disorders was 25,6% and the results of the study have highlighted significant differences between the suspicion of common mental disorder with all areas of quality of life. Conclusion: Individuals who had some type of common mental disorders had a poorer perception of Quality of Life. Thus, it is concluded that mental health conditions influence the quality of life of taxi drivers


Objetive: Evaluar la influencia de las condiciones de salud mental en la calidad de vida de taxistas. Métodos: Estudio de corte transversal realizado con los taxistas asociados al Sindicato de Conductores Autónomos de Jequié-Ba. Para evaluar la calidad de vida se utilizó lo cuestionario Whoqol-Bref y lo cuestionario SRQ-20 para las condiciones de salud. Para las análisis estadísticas se utilizó el test de MannWhitney, adoptando nível de confianza de 5% (p< 0,05). La investigación fue aprobada por el Comité de Ética en Pesquisa con el número 333.535. Resultados: La prevalência de sospecha de trastorno mental comum fue de 25,6% y hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas todos los dominios de la calidad de vida. Conclusión: Los taxistas que presentaran algún tipo de trastorno mental comum presentaran peor percepción de la calidad de vida. Por lo tanto, se concluye que las condiciones de salud mental influyen en la calidad de vida de los taxislas


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Automóveis , Condições de Trabalho
10.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(2): 439-443, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005728

RESUMO

O documentário 'Mulheres das águas' retrata a vida e as lutas de pescadoras nos manguezais do Nordeste do Brasil. O modo de vida e a sobrevivência de suas famílias estão ameaçados pela poluição provocada pelas grandes indústrias e pelo turismo predatório que causam danos ao ecossistema dos manguezais, onde inúmeras espécies marinhas se reproduzem. Nesta resenha, a produção é analisada na perspectiva dos debates sobre relações raciais, gênero, senso de comunidade e condições de trabalho. No bojo do documentário, há o engajamento de trabalhadoras em prol da preservação dos territórios pesqueiros, onde se concentra a principal atividade econômica das comunidades a que pertencem.


The documentary 'Women of the waters' tells the life and struggles of fishers in the mangrove swamps of northeastern Brazil. The way of life and the survival of their families are threatened by pollution caused by large industries and the predatory tourism that cause damage to the mangrove ecosystem, where numerous marine species reproduce. In this review, the production is analyzed from the perspective of the debates about race relations, gender, sense of community and working conditions. Furthermore, the documentary shows the engagement of theses workers for the sake of preservation of fishery territories, where the main economic activity in the communities to which they belong is concentrated.


El documental 'Mujeres de las aguas' retrata la vida y la lucha de las pescadoras en los manglares del nordeste de Brasil. La forma de vida y la supervivencia de sus familias son amenazadas por la contaminación causada por las grandes industrias y el turismo depredador que dañan el ecosistema de manglar, donde se reproducen numerosas especies marinas. En esta reseña, la producción se analiza en la perspectiva de los debates sobre relaciones de raza, género, sentido de comunidad y de las condiciones de trabajo. En el seno del documental, hay el compromiso de las trabajadoras con la preservación de los territorios de pesca, donde se concentra la principal actividad económica de las comunidades a las que pertenecen.


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Comunicação , Meio Ambiente , Áreas Alagadas , Identidade de Gênero , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Brasil , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Ecologia , Direitos Socioeconômicos , Direitos Humanos
11.
Med Lav ; 110(3): 226-233, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risk factors, among which job control has proved to be a key dimension, can have a negative impact on the health of workers. Various research projects have found a relationship between low levels of free time at work and stress and job satisfaction indicators. OBJECTIVES: to assess to what extent certain social and employment variables influence "job control". METHODS: A descriptive study was carried out on a sample of workers to analyse the influence of certain socio-demographic and work-related variables on job control, by means of an assessment survey on psychosocial risk and the general state of workers' health. The tools used in this study were the COPSOQ-ISTAS 21 version 1.5 psychosocial risk assessment questionnaire and a specific survey on the perceived state of health. RESULTS: Three hundred fourteen workers were asked to participate in the study. One hundred and ninety workers completed the questionnaire and were finally included. For the "job control" variable, 47.4% of workers described their situation as good. The results show that workers with a higher educational level (+78%), who have seniority in the job, have a good understanding of their situation at work (+15%), and are employed as white collars (34%), are more likely to show high job control and, therefore, could be less at risk from psychosocial factors. CONCLUSIONS: There are two parameters influencing "job control": social factors concerning educational level, and work situation factors, including seniority and being a white collar worker.


Assuntos
Emprego , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256522

RESUMO

Objective: To apply the semi-quantitative risk assessment model in the Technical Guidelines for Occupational Health Risk Assessment of Chemical Hazardous Factors in the Workplace to assess the occupational health risk of electroplating enterprises and explore its applicable conditions and characteristics. Methods: Three electroplating enterprises were selected as the research objects. Occupational hygiene survey and hazard factor detection were conducted on the spot. Three semi-quantitative risk assessment methods were used to assess the risk, and the evaluation results were compared. Results: The consistency between the contact index method and the comprehensive index method was strong. The weighted Kappa value was 0.946 and the P value was less than 0.001, but the consistency between the contact ratio method, the contact index method and the comprehensive index method was poor. The weighted Kappa value was 0.345 and 0.391, and the P value was 0.009 and 0.004, respectively. When the contact concentration is less than 50% OELs, the evaluation results of the contact ratio method are lower than those of the exponential method and the comprehensive exponential method. The consistency of the three methods was the highest when the contact concentration (>50%) and (OELs, the results of the contact ratio method are higher than those of the index method and the comprehensive index method. Conclusion: Contact ratio method is suitable for occupational health risk assessment under the condition of incomplete occupational health information and for enterprise managers to identify key control points of health risk through self-assessment; Contact index method is suitable for hazard risk assessment of occupational hazards without sampling test conditions or OELs, and pre-assessment of occupational hazards of construction projects without access to analogical test data. The index method is suitable for occupational health risk assessment with available testing data and complete occupational health information.


Assuntos
Galvanoplastia , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional , Saúde do Trabalhador , Medição de Risco , Local de Trabalho
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256538

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the applicability of Singapore semi-quantitative assessment method and international committee on mining and metals occupational health risk assessment method in occupational health risk assessment of ceramic enterprises. Methods: From March 2017 to May 2018, A ceramic enterprise was selected for the investigation and testing of occupational health, and the risk assessment of the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace was conducted by the semi-quantitative assessment method of Singapore and the occupational health risk assessment method of the international committee on mining and metals. Results: The occupational-disease-inductive factors in the production process of this ceramic enterprise mainly include silicon dust, noise, high temperature, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and so on. The two risk assessment methods were applied to assess the risk of occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace, and the results showed that the high risk level was 16.67%, the medium risk level was 63.33%, and the low risk level was 20.00%. The risk level of silicon dust is from low risk to high risk. Conclusion: The semi-quantitative assessment method and the occupational health risk assessment method of the International Commission on Mining and Metals are simple to operate and practical, and are suitable for the assessment of occupational hazards in ceramic enterprises.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Cerâmica , Poeira , Medição de Risco , Local de Trabalho
14.
Waste Manag Res ; 37(9): 876-884, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266413

RESUMO

The outstanding pace of technological development around the world coupled with increasing population and rapid urbanization have brought along an ever-increasing demand for healthcare services. This trend results in an increasing amount and variety of medical wastes. Accordingly, the issue of effective collection, transportation and disposal of medical wastes, specifically in large cities, has become a critical concern from the viewpoint of urban logistics and holds great importance in terms of safety. This study aims to determine the safety of hospitals in their medical waste management function. The study involves the determination of medical waste management steps, establishment of a hierarchical structure, and weighting of the criteria within the established hierarchical structure by means of the analytic hierarchy process method. Afterwards, the extent to which these criteria are adopted in hospitals was evaluated by the medical waste management officers of those hospitals, and safety scores were obtained for each hospital by associating the results with the weighted values obtained by the analytic hierarchy process method. The model proposed for medical waste management problems encountered by healthcare institutions in Istanbul was implemented for a specific region of Istanbul province, and the obtained results were analyzed. Evaluation of the opinions of the healthcare officials for determination of the medical waste management safety scores showed that the "collection" criterion has significantly higher importance than the "temporary storage" and "transportation" criteria. "The effect on hospital personnel" sub-criterion of the "collection" criterion had the highest score. This revealed the importance of the collection process that takes place between storage and transportation, for evaluating the human waste-based risks.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde , Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Cidades , Humanos
15.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(27): 604-607, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295233

RESUMO

Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure contributes to ill health and disease, including heart disease, lung cancer, and stroke (1). Although cigarette smoking has declined among U.S. workers, workplace exposure to SHS remains high, particularly among workers in certain industries, such as construction (2,3). Implementation of smoke-free laws has proven to be beneficial in reducing SHS exposure in general (1). CDC analyzed data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Occupational Health Supplement to assess the prevalence of self-reported workplace SHS exposure among nonsmoking workers by smoke-free policy status in the workers' states of residence and in detailed industry categories and subcategories. In 2015, 19.9% of nonsmoking workers reported any exposure to SHS at work during the 12 months preceding the interview, and 10.1% reported frequent exposure (twice a week or more). Nonsmoking workers who resided in states with comprehensive smoke-free laws in all three categories of venues (private worksites, bars, and restaurants) were least likely to report frequent exposure to workplace SHS. Nonsmoking workers employed in the commercial and industrial machinery and equipment repair and maintenance industry reported the highest prevalences of any workplace SHS exposure (65.1%), whereas the construction industry had the highest reported number of exposed workers (2.9 million); these industry categories/subcategories include outdoor workplaces and other settings that are unlikely to be protected by smoke-free laws. Identifying specific at-risk workplaces and implementing targeted intervention strategies could help reduce SHS exposure at work and protect workers' health.


Assuntos
não Fumantes , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho , Indústria da Construção , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Prevalência , Restaurantes , Autorrelato , Política Antifumo/legislação & jurisprudência , Estados Unidos
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(9): 2429-2433, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial arteriosclerotic disease (ICAD) is common in Asians and has been presumed to be largely associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the risks for asymptomatic ICAD detectable in examinations of the brain, among other tests, are not well known. The present study is aimed at identifying the risks for asymptomatic ICAD using data on risk factors obtained in health checkups, including data from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), chest computed tomography (CT), and neck echography. METHODS: Subjects comprised 103 examinees more than equal to 40 years old (56.9 ± 4.7 years, 93 men) who underwent head MRI, chest CT, and carotid echography in the same period in a workplace health checkup between April and September 2014. Subjects were evaluated for ICAD based on stenosis of bilateral middle cerebral arteries and the basilar artery on previously reported scores from magnetic resonance angiography. Evaluations for extracranial arteriosclerotic disease (ECAD) were based on findings from carotid echography, and total calcium scores were calculated based on the number, areas, and peak Hounsfield computed tomographic numbers of the aortic arch calcified lesion detected. RESULTS: ICAD, including mild cases with stenosis less than 50%, was seen in 21 subjects (20.3%); and MetS was evident in 12 subjects (11.7%). Logistic regression analysis with multivariate adjustment for major vascular risk factor demonstrated that echogenic of plaque was significantly associated with the ICAD (OR 3.69, 95%CI 1.02-13.3), however age was significant predictor of the risk profile in patients with ECAD. CONCLUSIONS: Carotid atherosclerosis could predict intracranial atherosclerosis in middle-aged people. However, further study with large sample size is warranted.


Assuntos
Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Saúde do Trabalhador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia , Local de Trabalho , Fatores Etários , Doenças Assintomáticas , Artéria Basilar/patologia , Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/epidemiologia , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/patologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Projetos Piloto , Placa Aterosclerótica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Vínculo ; 16(1): 29-40, jan.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1014764

RESUMO

objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar a experiência de estágio com técnicos de enfermagem da enfermaria pediátrica de um hospital público na região norte do Paraná. A intervenção teve como finalidade oferecer um espaço de escuta e acolhimento para questões relativas à saúde mental desses trabalhadores da saúde. Os encontros ocorreram semanalmente, utilizando o método de intervenção clínica e psicossocial. Participaram sete técnicos de enfermagem do período matutino. Por meio dos resultados foi possível identificar fatores que influenciam a saúde física e mental dos trabalhadores, podendo levar ao adoecimento, como: conflitos com a equipe, estresse, pouco reconhecimento do trabalho, morte e luto. Além deste enfoque, a intervenção possibilitou um ambiente para trocas pessoais e expressão das subjetividades e potencialidades desses trabalhadores.


The objective of this study was to report the experience of internships with nursing technicians of the pediatric ward of a public hospital in the northern region of Paraná. The purpose of the intervention was to provide a listening and reception space for questions related to the mental health of these health workers. The meetings occurred weekly, using the method of clinical and psychosocial intervention. Seven nurses from the morning period participated. Through the results, it was possible to identify factors that influence the physical and mental health of the workers, which can lead to illness, such as: conflicts with the team, stress, poor recognition of work, death and mourning. In addition to this approach, the intervention provided an environment for personal exchanges and expression of the subjectivities and potentialities of these workers.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue relatar la experiencia de práctica con técnicos de enfermería de la enfermería pediátrica de un hospital público en la región norte de Paraná. La intervención tuvo como finalidad ofrecer un espacio de escucha y acogida para cuestiones relativas a la salud mental de esos trabajadores de la salud. Los encuentros ocurrieron semanalmente, utilizando el método de intervención clínica y psicosocial. Participaron siete técnicos de enfermería del período matutino. Por medio de los resultados fue posible identificar factores que influencian la salud física y mental de los trabajadores, pudiendo llevar al enfermo, como: conflictos con el equipo, estrés, poco reconocimiento del trabajo, muerte y luto. Además de este enfoque, la intervención posibilitó un ambiente para intercambios personales y expresión de las subjetividades y potencialidades de esos trabajadores.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Saúde do Trabalhador , Impacto Psicossocial , Acolhimento , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Equipe de Enfermagem
19.
Codas ; 31(3): e20180120, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188907

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to verify the self-perception of vocal fatigue of dysphonic teachers in school year activity who sought speech-language pathology assistance. METHODS: Sixty teachers with voice complaints participated in the study, 30 of whom sought treatment in the Programa de Saúde Vocal do Sindicato dos Professores de São Paulo (SinproSP), and 30 volunteers' teachers who did not seek treatment (G2). All the participants answered a personal identification protocol and work characterization, vocal self-assessment, vocal signs and symptoms checklist, Vocal Fatigue Index protocol (VFI). In addition, a number counting from 1 to 10 and sustained vowel "e" were registered for the definition of the mean vocal deviation using perceptual-auditory judgment. RESULTS: Teachers who sought treatment (G1) obtained worst scores in the VFI, more numbers of signs and symptoms, and worst self-evaluation of the voice when compared with those who did not seek treatment (G2). In addition, teachers in both groups had light to moderate vocal deviation. CONCLUSION: Dysphonic teachers who sought vocal treatment presented greater sensation of vocal fatigue, especially in the factors of tiredness of voice and voice avoidance and related to physical discomfort associated with voicing of the VFI. In addition, they reported greater number of symptoms and worse vocal self-assessment in relation to those who did not seek treatment, although both groups present deviated voices.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Distúrbios da Voz/diagnóstico , Adulto , Brasil , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/reabilitação , Saúde do Trabalhador , Professores Escolares , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Distúrbios da Voz/reabilitação , Qualidade da Voz , Adulto Jovem
20.
Espaç. Saúde (Online) ; 20(1): [19-28], jun.2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007849

RESUMO

Este artigo teve como objetivo analisar o entendimento de 62 Agentes Comunitários de Saúde da cidade de Campo Bom, no Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil), sobre as definições estabelecidas por eles acerca de sua identidade, proporcionando uma reflexão referente às práticas do cotidiano do trabalho. As entrevistas individuais e questionários auto preenchidos foram analisadas pelo seu conteúdo a partir da construção do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. As percepções apontam para a autodefinição do agente como um trabalhador que possui escuta qualificada; elo entre a equipe e a comunidade; múltiplas ações, que muitas vezes vão além do estabelecido legalmente; realizações pessoais condicionadas ao "sucesso" profissional; trabalho sob a lógica da educação em saúde. Esta pesquisa demonstrou que, por vezes, é o próprio trabalhador que se coloca na condição de "super-herói", o que nos faz pensar o quanto os processos de trabalho devem ser amplamente e continuamente discutidos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Saúde da Família , Saúde do Trabalhador
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA