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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(2): 117-123, maio-ago. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116377

RESUMO

Este estudo trata-se de um relato de experiência sobre o processo de construção e desenvolvimento de um Seminário de Saúde do Trabalhador (SST), articulado pelos profissionais residentes do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Residência Multiprofissional em Atenção Básica/Saúde da Família da Universidade do Vale do Itajaí - UNIVALI, atuantes do Núcleo Ampliado a Saúde da Família (NASF) pertencente ao Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) do município de Itapema-SC. O SST contou com o apoio e parceria dos setores de Vigilância Sanitária (VS) e Programa de Saúde do Trabalhador (PST) para a sua realização. Objetivou-se por meio deste estudo relatar a construção do SST e o fortalecimento da educação permanente de Itapema a partir da realização do seminário. Como resultado desta experiência, foi realizado o "2º Seminário de Saúde do trabalhador: uma visão ampliada", em comemoração à campanha "Abril Verde" do ano de 2018, contando com aproximadamente 200 participantes durante todo o evento, com direcionamento principal aos trabalhadores dos setores da educação (professores, orientadores educacionais, diretores) e saúde (profissionais da atenção básica, especializada e gestão) do município de Itapema. Com a realização do SST, foi possível diagnosticar as necessidades de saúde dos trabalhadores por meio de um levantamento do itinerário terapêutico, abrindo assim, a possibilidade de cuidado continuado para estes profissionais em seu âmbito de trabalho mediante do apoio institucional realizado pela equipe de residentes. Para alcançar esta produção de cuidado, é fundamental que ocorra o fortalecimento da educação permanente na saúde do trabalhador do município, sendo necessárias estratégias de apoio aos profissionais em seu cotidiano de trabalho, com objetivo de problematizar as necessidades relatadas e alcançar outras práticas de produção de saúde dos trabalhadores.


This study is a report on the experience regarding the process of construction and development of a Seminar on Occupational Health (SST) articulated by the residents of the Post-Graduation Program in Multi-professional Residency in Basic Care/Family Health of the University of the Itajaí Valley - UNIVALI, members of the Expanded Family Health Center (NASF) belonging to the Unified Health System (SUS) in the city of Itapema, in Santa Catarina. The SST had the support and partnership of the Health Surveillance (VS) and Occupational Health Program (PST) sectors for its implementation. The purpose of this study is to report on the construction of the SST and the strengthening of the permanent education of Itapema from the seminar. As a result of this experience, the "2nd Worker's Health Seminar: an expanded vision" was held in commemoration of the "Green April" campaign of 2018, with approximately 200 participants throughout the event, with the participation of teachers, educational counselors, directors and health professionals (basic care, specialized and management professionals) of the city of Itapema. With the SST, it was possible to diagnose the health needs of workers through a survey regarding the therapeutic itinerary and the opening of the possibility of support to those professionals in their work areas. In order to achieve this production of care, it is essential to strengthen the continuous education in the health of workers in Itapema; further strategies are needed to support professionals on their daily work in order to problematize the reported needs and reach other production practices for the health of workers.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/classificação , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Congressos como Assunto/normas , Sistema Único de Saúde/organização & administração , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/normas , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/educação
2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447892

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate a new method for occupational protection training for medical staff, and to improve the awareness of occupational protection among medical staff. Methods: In August 2018, convenience sampling was performed to select 171 new medical workers in a grade A tertiary teaching hospital as subjects. The subjects were trained according to the requirements for occupational protection knowledge and training objectives. A questionnaire was distributed before training, and the scores were collected as control group; the subjects were trained using the conventional PPT theory, a questionnaire was distributed after training, and the scores were collected as trial group 1; the subjects were trained using the conventional PPT theory combined with the situational simulation teaching method, a questionnaire was distributed after training, and the scores were collected as trial group 2. A total of 171 questionnaires were distributed and collected for each survey, with a questionnaire recovery rate of 100%. Continuous data were expressed as mean±SD and were evaluated by an analysis of variance; categorical data were expressed as rate (%) , and the chi-square test was used for analysis. Results: A total of 171 medical workers, aged 22-33 years (mean 23.63±2.33 years) , participated in the study, among whom 127 (74.27%) were nurses, 146 (85.38%) were female workers, and 93 (54.39%) had a college degree. The awareness rate of occupational protection knowledge was 24.56%-70.18% in the control group, 63.16%-96.49% in the trial group 1, and 86.55%-99.42% in the trial group 2. There was a significant difference in the awareness rate of occupational protection knowledge among all the groups (P<0.01) , and there were also significant differences in theoretical test score, skill assessment score, and total score among all the groups (F=116.342, 189.424, and 304.904, P<0.01) . Theoretical test score, skill assessment score, and total score tended to increase after the training based on the conventional PPT theory or the training based on the conventional PPT theory and situational simulation (F=125.042, 352.025, and 444.073, P<0.01) . Conclusion: The situational simulation teaching method for the training of occupational protection knowledge for medical staff has a marked training effect and can significantly improve the theoretical and skill levels of medical staff.


Assuntos
Corpo Clínico/educação , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Treinamento por Simulação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3247, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321039

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the results of an Interprofessional Education activity in the ​​Occupational Health field. METHOD: this is an Action Research, which encompassed the implementation and evaluation stages of the activity. It was developed in a Public Higher Education Institution through 15 meetings, totaling 60 hours. It had 16 participants, five undergraduate students, three graduate students, five teachers and three health professionals, representing the areas of Nursing, Physical Education, Physiotherapy, Gerontology and Psychology. Data regarding the implementation of the activity were collected in a field diary and analyzed through Thematic Analysis. An evaluation form constructed exclusively for this purpose was applied, whose data were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis. RESULTS: three thematic categories were identified: (1) Comprehensive care; (2) Work as a social determinant of the health-disease process; and (3) Interprofessional teamwork. The activity of Interprofessional Education was positively evaluated by the participants, who pointed out the contributions of this strategy in the construction of knowledge directed to Occupational Health. CONCLUSION: the activity of Interprofessional Education proved to be possible and important in the context of the formation of health professions to strengthen occupational health care.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante , Relações Interprofissionais , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Feminino , Humanos , Setor Público , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Work ; 65(1): 63-70, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to a survey of the working population of women by industry, service industries accounted for the majority. OBJECTIVE: The effects of female worker's salary and self-rated health on safety education and compliance in three sectors of the service industry are reported. METHODS: A sample of 700 women service workers were surveyed; their age, work experience, salary, self-rated health, safety educational participation, and compliance were recorded. RESULTS: The salary of female service workers was directly related to safety educational participation and compliance, as well as the health levels they reported. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that an increase in the self-rated health and salary of female workers can contribute to enhancing safety educational participation and compliance. Development of educational programs in prevention and safety compliance is expected to contribute to the prevention of industrial accidents in the service sector.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Segurança , Salários e Benefícios/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Comércio , Culinária , Feminino , Humanos , Manutenção , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Mulheres Trabalhadoras
6.
Appl Ergon ; 82: 102955, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605829

RESUMO

Health and safety inductions are ubiquitous in construction but tend to be poorly designed and suffer low levels of worker engagement. In this paper we report on the evaluation of an innovative, full day, actor-based health and safety induction called EPIC, currently being used on London's Thames Tideway Tunnel megaproject. As of March 2019, more than 14,000 individuals had attended EPIC. This evaluation examines the impact of EPIC from the perspective of participants and other stakeholders, and considers the utility of actor-based immersive health and safety inductions for use more widely, in both construction and other sectors. Using a mixed-method, longitudinal approach to data collection, EPIC is evaluated against Kirkpatrick's (1959) 'four levels' framework of reactions, learning, behaviour change and results. This paper discusses factors which support and hinder actor-based inductions, and the challenges involved in assessing the impact of inductions on subsequent behaviour and health and safety outcomes.


Assuntos
Indústria da Construção , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Londres , Masculino , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/prevenção & controle , Cultura Organizacional
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816965

RESUMO

Many business continuity (BC) plans do not mention food and water for BC personnel. Moreover, the BC relies on the assumption that, during an emergency or crisis, employees' basic needs and personal hygiene are satisfied. Although no one can engage in BC without these supplies, literature regarding companies' disaster stocks for their employees is limited. We evaluated the current situation of companies' stockpiles of food and other supplies and what their employees thought about them after participating in a newly-developed overnight training program that allows the participants to experience situations that they would encounter in a disaster. Thirty-three employees from eight companies in Tokyo participated in the program. Seventy-five percent of the participants' companies had food stocks for three days as instructed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government but, after eating four stock meals, 81.3% of the participants thought it would be better if this provision were improved. The stock rate for bedding was 62.5% but less than 30% of companies stocked both blankets and mats, as suggested by the Sphere Standards. There were several people who complained of sleeplessness and a poor physical condition the next morning and this could be an obstacle in the BC.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Desastres , Promoção da Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Roupas de Cama, Mesa e Banho , Alimentos , Humanos , Tóquio , Água
8.
J Safety Res ; 70: 253-262, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848003

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The 2.5 h Foundations for Safety Leadership (FSL) training program teaches construction supervisors the leadership skills they need to strengthen jobsite safety climate and reduce adverse safety-related outcomes. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental prospective switching replications study design, we examined (1) if FSL-trained jobsite safety leaders would report improved understanding and practice of the FSL leadership skills, safety practices and crew reporting of safety related conditions, and (2) if their crew perceived a change in (a) their supervisors' practices, (b) their own safety practices and reporting of safety-related conditions, and (c) overall jobsite safety climate. Twenty construction sub-contracting companies were recruited and randomly assigned to either an early or lagged-control training group. Participating supervisors and workers completed surveys at multiple time points before and after the FSL training. We used linear mixed modeling to test changes over time. RESULTS: Only supervisors in the early group reported a statistically significant improvement in their understanding and practice of the leadership skills as well as safety practices from before to 2- and 4-weeks post-training. Overall, no significant change was detected in crew-reported outcomes from before to after their supervisors' participated in the FSL training. CONCLUSIONS: These results provide evidence that the FSL training can, at least in the short-term, improve construction frontline leaders' jobsite leadership skills. Future research could include an evaluation of FSL refresher activities and a longer-term follow-up. Practical applications: The Foundations for Safety Leadership (FSL) program fills an identified need for construction frontline supervisors to learn and practice critical safety leadership skills on the jobsite. It has already reached over 60,000 leaders and has the potential to reach over 100,000 each year during either an OSHA 30-h or a stand-alone course.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle , Indústria da Construção , Liderança , Aprendizagem , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Cultura Organizacional , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
9.
J Safety Res ; 70: 263-271, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848004

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Construction foremen may lack the leadership skills needed to create a strong jobsite safety climate. Many construction companies address this by sending their lead workers to the OSHA 30-h course; however the course does not include a leadership training module. This article describes the development and pilot testing of such a module and evaluation surveys designed to address this training gap. METHODS: A 17-member curriculum development team, numerous subject matter experts, and an instructional design company helped us develop a comprehensive set of teaching resources and a set of survey instruments for evaluating the materials' effectiveness on improving safety leadership and safety climate. All materials and surveys were pilot tested with representative members of the target population. RESULTS: Pilot surveys showed high reliability and data collected on the resulting Foundations for Safety Leadership (FSL) module indicated that the majority of foremen thought the training was helpful or valuable, particularly the discussion questions. The majority said they intended to use the skills on the jobsite. With the exception of the role-play activities, the trainers rated highly all other components, especially the videos and discussion questions. Modifications were made to the training materials and surveys based on pilot test findings. The most important result of the development and pilot testing efforts is that the OSHA Training Institute (OTI) included the FSL as an elective in the OSHA 30-h course. CONCLUSIONS: The FSL module fills a needed skills gap by providing safety leadership training to all foremen who might otherwise not have access to it through their company or union. The continued success of the FSL training will be ensured by dissemination via the OSHA 30-h course, an established nationwide safety training program. Practical applications: The FSL training module has already been widely accepted by the construction industry as a useful approach for providing construction foremen/See new abstract lead workers with the knowledge and skills they need to become more effective jobsite safety leaders.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle , Indústria da Construção , Currículo , Liderança , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança , Atitude , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
10.
Salud Publica Mex ; 61(5): 657-669, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of educational interven- tion on health and safety regarding principles of biosafety in cleaning workers of a health institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using concurrent mixed methods, we evaluated a total of 31 workers on their knowledge, attitudes, and practices of biosafety and risk perception. We conducted baseline measurements and two follow-ups. Fractional logistic regression models were fitted with study stage as covariate. Additional models included interactions of study stage with key workers characteristics. Thematic qualitative analysis and triangulation was developed. RESULTS: The knowledge (+33.3 points, scale 0-100), attitudes (+10.6), and practices (+23.5) increased significantly in the first follow-up; knowledge de- creased in the second follow-up (p<0.001). The qualitative findings revealed an improvement in risk prevention attitudes and practices, framed by experiences of vulnerability, stigma, and discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides key elements for biosafety research related to vulnerable groups and it is effective in promoting the health of a disadvantaged and invisible sector.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Serviço de Limpeza , Adulto , Idoso , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
11.
Workplace Health Saf ; 67(9): 452-460, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179861

RESUMO

Health literacy (HL) is a stronger predictor of an individual's health status than income, employment status, education level, and race or ethnicity. Lower levels of HL may contribute to low uptake or less adherence to occupational health and safety (OHS) training. This study was conducted among casting factory workers who received OHS training routinely. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, OHS training, and scores of the Health Literacy Survey-European Union (HLS-EU) were collected. Of the 282 of the 600 (47%) workers surveyed, 13.5% had inadequate, 47.5% problematic, 30.9% sufficient, and 8.2% excellent HL scores. There were no statistically significant differences between workers with limited and proficient HL with respect to age group or educational level. Workers with limited HL were less satisfied with OHS training content and were less likely to identify one-on-one health and safety training sessions as training. Limited HL is a universal problem both in the general and working populations, and it may be restricting the workers understanding of OHS training. Occupational health nurses should be aware of the detrimental effects of limited HL and modify their OHS training where needed for purposes of increasing the successful adoption of safe work practices.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Metalurgia , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/métodos , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia
12.
Occup Med (Lond) ; 69(4): 251-257, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the substantial personal and economic consequences of mental ill-health, and the relationship between mental ill-health and poor management provision, further work is needed to provide a robust evaluation of employment interventions to address mental ill-health in the workplace. AIMS: To provide a pilot service evaluation of a UK organization's mental health awareness for managers' training provision. METHODS: Participants were 93 employees at a UK-based organization who attended one of the three different types of, independently facilitated, half-day training courses designed to raise managers' awareness and understanding of mental health. All participants were asked to complete three questionnaires (one prior to the training session, one immediately following the training session and one 3 months after the training session). Each questionnaire contained six questions concerning participants' awareness of mental ill-health, and their confidence in dealing with mental ill-health among employees. RESULTS: Participants reported feeling more aware of mental ill-health at work and more confident in their ability to address mental ill-health among their employees after attending mental health awareness for managers' training. CONCLUSIONS: Although further work is needed to explore the efficacy of different types of training, the results of our pilot evaluation alongside the extant literature suggest that workplace interventions can have positive implications for good mental health.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Administração de Recursos Humanos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
13.
Prev Sci ; 20(4): 510-520, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30904978

RESUMO

US adolescents experience a higher rate of largely preventable job-related injuries compared with adults. Safety education is considered critical to the prevention of these incidents. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a foundational curriculum from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Talking Safety, to change adolescents' workplace safety and health knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, self-efficacy, and behavioral intention to engage in workplace safety actions. The study also examines the impact of teacher fidelity of curriculum implementation on student outcomes. A multilevel evaluation, based on a modified theory of planned behavior, was conducted in 2016 with 1748 eighth-graders in Miami-Dade, Florida. Post-intervention, students had statistically significant increases (p < .05) in mean scores across outcomes: workplace safety knowledge (34%), attitude (5%), subjective norm (7%), self-efficacy (7%), and behavioral intention (7%). Consistent with theory, gains in attitude (b = 0.25, p < .001), subjective norm (b = 0.07, p < .01), and self-efficacy (b = 0.55, p < .001) were associated with gains in behavioral intention. Higher levels of implementation fidelity were associated with significant gains across outcome measures: knowledge (b = 0.60, p < .001), attitude (b = 0.08, p < .01), subjective norm (b = 0.04, p < .001), self-efficacy (b = 0.07, p < .01) and behavioral intention (b = 0.07, p < .01). Findings demonstrate the effectiveness of Talking Safety, delivered with fidelity, at positively changing measured outcomes, and provide support for using this curriculum as an essential component of any school-based, injury prevention program for young workers.


Assuntos
Currículo , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Feminino , Florida , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
14.
BMC Fam Pract ; 20(1): 38, 2019 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessing the cost effectiveness of training aimed at increasing general practitioners' (GP) work awareness and patients' work-related self-efficacy and quality of life. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial in twenty-six GP practices in the southeast of the Netherlands with 32 participating GPs. GPs working in an intervention group practice received training and GPs working in a control group practice delivered usual care. The training intervention consisted of lectures and workshops aimed at increasing GPs' work awareness and more proactive counseling for patients with work-related problems (WRP). Subjects were working age patients with paid work for at least 12 h per week, who visited one of the participating GPs during the study period. As outcome measures we used the Return to Work Self Efficacy scale to assess patients' work-related self-efficacy and the Euroquol to assess quality of life. We also measured health care costs and productivity costs. With a 4-item questionnaire we asked patients to assess their GPs' work awareness. Data were collected at baseline, after 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Data of 280 patients could be analyzed. The patient related outcomes did not improve after GP training. The change in GP work awareness and the overall mean cost difference (of €770) in favor of the intervention group were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: The training intervention presented in this paper was not cost-effective. Training which is further personalized and targeted at high risk groups with respect to WRP, is more likely to be cost effective.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais/educação , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Retorno ao Trabalho , Autoeficácia , Adulto , Análise Custo-Benefício , Eficiência , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Qualidade de Vida
15.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 72(4): 250-255, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918146

RESUMO

In the 2012-2013 rubella epidemic in Japan, most transmissions in Tokyo occurred at workplaces, especially among men aged 20-49 years. This tendency was likely related to previous rubella immunization policies that prioritized female adolescents. Since 2015, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has been promoting a project to prevent rubella and other infectious diseases in workplaces. Companies participate by choosing one or more of three options: (i) acquire fundamental understanding of infectious diseases, (ii) develop a Business Continuity Plan (BCP) for infectious diseases in the workplace, and (iii) increase rubella antibody prevalence in employees.Criteria for accomplishment are (i) at least 80% of employees complete the infectious disease training modules or (ii) produce a BCP and (iii) at least 90% of employees demonstrate the presence of antibodies at levels sufficient for preventing rubella. As of July 2018, 39.8% (n = 90) of the 226 companies that began participating in 2015-2017 had met at least one accomplishment criteria (Option I, 42.7% of 192 companies; Option II, 19.3% of 140; and Option III, 17.0% of 53). The main project challenges were recruiting companies and following participating companies. Although early in its implementation, this project has made considerable contributions toward rubella elimination in Japan.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador/legislação & jurisprudência , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle , Local de Trabalho , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Governo Local , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/epidemiologia , Tóquio/epidemiologia , Vacinação
16.
J Environ Public Health ; 2019: 4174085, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30805014

RESUMO

Introduction: At present, it is estimated that more than one million workers are employed as welders worldwide with more than three million performing welding as part of their work duties. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess workers' level of awareness towards occupational hazards and their adherence to safety measures. Methodology: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 25 to March 10, 2013 among welding factory workers. The study included 278 workers selected by simple random sampling, and data were collected by using structured and pretested questionnaire. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 16 statistical package. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to found the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variables. Result: One hundred thirty-five (51.9%) respondents had knowledge on occupational hazards and 225 (86.5%) workers used personal protective equipments. Variables such as work experience, work type, safety training, work regulation, and guideline had significant association with the knowledge of respondents: (AOR: 0.44 (0.19, 0.99)), (AOR: 0.38 (0.22, 0.65)), (AOR: 0.33 (0.17, 0.63)), and (AOR: 0.31 (0.15, 0.67)), respectively. Educational status, work experience, safety training, and availability of work regulation were found to be associated with PPE use (AOR: 13.20 (10.65, 16.46)), (AOR: 0.03 (0.003, 0.34)), (AOR: 0.02 (0.01, 0.09)), and (AOR: 0.06 (0.02, 0.21)), respectively. Conclusion and Recommendation: Nearly half of respondents had knowledge about occupational hazards and high proportion of study subjects were used personal protective equipments. Safety and health training was the common factor to increase knowledge and personal protective usage practicing habits. Employers and other responsible bodies should encourage training and regular supervision should be made including on workers' safety and well-being.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Soldagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708958

RESUMO

Misuse and poor handling of chemical pesticides in agriculture is hazardous to the health of farmers, consumers, and to the environment. We studied the pest and disease management practices and the type of pesticides used in four root, tuber, and banana (RTB) crops in Rwanda and Burundi through in-depth interviews with a total of 811 smallholder farmers. No chemical pesticides were used in banana in either Rwanda and Burundi, whereas the use of insecticides and fungicides in potato was quite frequent. Nearly all insecticides and about one third of the fungicides used are moderately hazardous. Personal protective equipment was used by less than a half of the interviewed farmers in both countries. Reported cases of death due to self- or accidental-poisoning among humans and domestic animals in the previous 12 months were substantial in both countries. Training of farmers and agrochemical retailers in safe use of pesticide and handling and, use of integrated pest management approaches to reduce pest and disease damage is recommended.


Assuntos
Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fazendeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Burundi , Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Pragas/métodos , Controle de Pragas/estatística & dados numéricos , Praguicidas/envenenamento , Ruanda
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781514

RESUMO

Young workers (under 25-years-old) are at risk of workplace injuries due to inexperience, high-risk health behaviors, and a lack of knowledge about workplace hazards. Training based on Total Worker Health® (TWH) principles can improve their knowledge of and ability to identify hazards associated with work organization and environment. In this study, we assessed changes to knowledge and behavior following an online safety and health training between two groups by collecting information on the demographic characteristics, knowledge, and self-reported behaviors of workplace health and safety at three different points in time. The participants' age ranged from 15 to 24 years. Age adjusted results exhibited a significant increase in knowledge immediately after completing the training, although knowledge decreased in both groups in the follow-up. Amazon Marketplace Mechanical Turk (MTurk) participants demonstrated a greater increase in knowledge, with a significantly higher score compared to the baseline, indicating retention of knowledge three months after completing the training. The majority of participants in both groups reported that they liked the Promoting U through Safety and Health (PUSH) training for improving health and safety and that the training should be provided before starting a job. Participants also said that the training was interactive, informative and humorous. The participants reported that the PUSH training prepared them to identify and control hazards in their workplace and to communicate well with the supervisors and coworkers about their rights. Training programs based on TWH improves the safety, health and well-being of young workers.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Masculino , Gestão da Segurança , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 92(5): 629-638, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643958

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Occupational asthma and allergies are potentially preventable diseases affecting 5-15% of the working population. However, the use of preventive measures is often insufficient. The aim of this study was to estimate the average treatment effect of an educational intervention designed to improve the knowledge of preventive measures against asthma and allergies in farm apprentices from Bavaria (Southern Germany). METHODS: Farm apprentices at Bavarian farm schools were asked to complete a questionnaire evaluating their knowledge about preventive measures against occupational asthma and allergies (use of personal protective equipment, personal and workplace hygiene measures). Eligible apprentices were randomized by school site to either a control or an intervention group. The intervention consisted of a short educational video about use of preventive measures. Six months after the intervention, subjects were asked to complete a post-intervention questionnaire. Of the 116 apprentices (70 intervention group, 46 control group) who answered the baseline questionnaire, only 47 subjects (41%; 17 intervention group, 30 control group) also completed the follow-up questionnaire. We, therefore, estimated the causal effect of the intervention using targeted maximum likelihood estimation. Models were controlled for potential confounders. RESULTS: Based on the targeted maximum likelihood estimation, the intervention would have increased the proportion of correct answers on all six preventive measures by 18.4% (95% confidence interval 7.3-29.6%) had all participants received the intervention vs. had they all been in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate the improvement of knowledge by the educational intervention.


Assuntos
Asma Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Hipersensibilidade/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Fazendeiros/educação , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Games Health J ; 8(2): 121-128, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30234397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy, usability, usefulness, and desirability (UUD) of a Home Healthcare Interactive Virtual Simulation Training System (HH-VSTS) designed to train home healthcare workers (HHWs) and healthcare students to identify and respond to health and safety hazards in client homes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to either the HH-VSTS training group or to the paper-based training group. The HH-VSTS group completed three HH-VSTS Training Modules on a laptop/desktop computer. The training modules addressed hazard identification, hazard rationale, and hazard response to electric/fire/burn, slip/trip/lift, and environmental hazards. The paper-based training group reviewed identical information in a written hard-copy format. Both groups completed an HH-VSTS Assessment module. Participants completed demographic/background and UUD questionnaires, and in-system metrics measured their performance on hazard identification, rationale, and response. RESULTS: Participants (n = 74) were HHWs and students in health profession programs. There were no significant differences in participants' ability to correctly identify hazards, rationale, or how to address them. Participants identified over 90% of hazards, although fewer participants were able to correctly identify what makes an item a hazard or how to manage it. For those in the HH-VSTS group, over 83% found the HH-VSTS easy to use, over 94% agreed the HH-VSTS was useful, and over 80% liked it. CONCLUSION: The HH-VSTS provided and engaging, efficacious training that was as effective as a typical paper-based training. In addition, the HH-VSTS is usable by a variety of end users, regardless of computer or gaming experience.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Saúde do Trabalhador/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde , Interface Usuário-Computador , Adulto , Feminino , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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