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1.
AANA J ; 89(2): 109-116, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832570

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in severe health, economic, social, political, and cultural consequences while thrusting Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) at the forefront of battling an often invisible enemy. A mixed-methods study was conducted to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on CRNA practice. The purpose of the qualitative component of the study, a focused ethnography, was to use personal and group interviews to determine the shared experiences of CRNAs who worked during the COVID-19 pandemic. Six themes were identified: (1) CRNAs are part of the solution, (2) doing whatever it takes, (3) CRNAs are valued contributors, (4) removal of barriers promotes positive change, (5) trying times, and (6) expertise revealed. The quantitative component of the study will be discussed in a separate article.


Assuntos
/enfermagem , Enfermeiras Anestesistas/psicologia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras Anestesistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias
2.
J Hosp Infect ; 110: 194-200, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reducing COVID-19 transmission relies on controlling droplet and aerosol spread. Fluorescein staining reveals microscopic droplets. AIM: To compare the droplet spread in non-laminar and laminar air flow operating theatres. METHODS: A 'cough-generator' was fixed to a theatre trolley at 45°. Fluorescein-stained 'secretions' were projected on to a series of calibrated targets. These were photographed under UV light and 'source detection' software measured droplet splatter size and distance. FINDINGS: The smallest droplet detected was ∼120 µm and the largest ∼24,000 µm. An average of 25,862 spots was detected in the non-laminar theatre, compared with 11,430 in the laminar theatre (56% reduction). The laminar air flow mainly affected the smaller droplets (<1000 µm). The surface area covered with droplets was: 6% at 50 cm, 1% at 2 m, and 0.5% at 3 m in the non-laminar air flow; and 3%, 0.5%, and 0.2% in the laminar air flow, respectively. CONCLUSION: Accurate mapping of droplet spread in clinical environments is possible using fluorescein staining and image analysis. The laminar air flow affected the smaller droplets but had limited effect on larger droplets in our 'aerosol-generating procedure' cough model. Our results indicate that the laminar air flow theatre requires similar post-surgery cleaning to the non-laminar, and staff should consider full personal protective equipment for medium- and high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Aerossóis , Microbiologia do Ar , /transmissão , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/estatística & dados numéricos , Ambiente Controlado , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
3.
J Surg Res ; 259: 465-472, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the operating rooms (ORs), distractions occur on a regular basis, which affect the surgical workflow and results in the interruption of urgent tasks. This study aimed to observe the occurrence of intraoperative distractions in Tunisian ORs and evaluate associations among distractions, teamwork, workload, and stress. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in four different ORs (orthopedic, urology, emergency, and digestive surgery) of Sahloul University Hospital for a period of 3 mo in 2018. Distractions and teamwork were recorded and rated in real time during the intraoperative phase of each case using validated observation sheets. Besides, at the end of each operation, stress and workload of team members were measured. RESULTS: Altogether, 50 cases were observed and 160 participants were included. Distractions happened in 100% of the included operations. Overall, we recorded 933 distractions that occurred once every 3 min, with a mean frequency of M = 18.66 (standard deviation [SD] = 8.24) per case. It is particularly noticeable that procedural distractions occurred significantly higher during teaching cases compared with nonteaching cases (M = 3.85, M = 0.60, respectively, P < 0.001). The mean global teamwork score was M = 3.85 (SD = 0.67), the mean workload score was M = 58.60 (SD = 24.27), and the mean stress score was M = 15.29 (SD = 4.00). Furthermore, a higher stress level among surgeons was associated with distractions related to equipment failures and people entering or exiting the OR (r = 0.206, P < 0.01 and r = 0.137, P < 0.01, respectively). Similarly, nurses reported a higher workload in the presence of distractions related to the work environment in the OR (r = 0.313, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted a serious problem, which often team members seem to ignore or underestimate. Taking our findings into consideration, we recommend the implementation of the Surgical Checklist and preoperative briefings to reduce the number of surgical distractions. Also, a continuous teamwork training should be adopted to ensure that OR staff can avoid or handle distractions when they happen.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluxo de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243299, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having a profound impact on global healthcare. Shortages in staff, operating theatre space and intensive care beds has led to a significant reduction in the provision of surgical care. Even vascular surgery, often insulated from resource scarcity due to its status as an urgent specialty, has limited capacity due to the pandemic. Furthermore, many vascular surgical patients are elderly with multiple comorbidities putting them at increased risk of COVID-19 and its complications. There is an urgent need to investigate the impact on patients presenting to vascular surgeons during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The COvid-19 Vascular sERvice (COVER) study has been designed to investigate the worldwide impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on vascular surgery, at both service provision and individual patient level. COVER is running as a collaborative study through the Vascular and Endovascular Research Network (VERN), an independent, international vascular research collaborative with the support of numerous national and international organisations). The study has 3 'Tiers': Tier 1 is a survey of vascular surgeons to capture longitudinal changes to the provision of vascular services within their hospital; Tier 2 captures data on vascular and endovascular procedures performed during the pandemic; and Tier 3 will capture any deviations to patient management strategies from pre-pandemic best practice. Data submission and collection will be electronic using online survey tools (Tier 1: SurveyMonkey® for service provision data) and encrypted data capture forms (Tiers 2 and 3: REDCap® for patient level data). Tier 1 data will undergo real-time serial analysis to determine longitudinal changes in practice, with country-specific analyses also performed. The analysis of Tier 2 and Tier 3 data will occur on completion of the study as per the pre-specified statistical analysis plan.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação do Impacto na Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Internet , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões , Inquéritos e Questionários , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E442-E448, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of physician assistants (PAs) in surgical care in Canada is expanding. Similarly, the acute care surgery (ACS) model continues to evolve, and PAs are increasingly being considered as members of ACS teams. However, their exact impact and contribution has not been well studied. Our study describes the contribution of a PA who worked full time on weekdays on an ACS team in a Canadian academic tertiary hospital. METHODS: To quantify the PA's contributions, an ACS database was created in September 2016. Data on the number of ACS patient encounters, the number of ACS surgical consults, the number of ACS admissions, the PA's involvement in the operating room, the number of PA patient encounters and the number of multidisciplinary meetings were prospectively collected. We report data for 365 consecutive days from Dec. 30, 2016, to Dec. 29, 2017. RESULTS: The ACS team had 11 651 patient encounters during the year, with a mean of 31.92 per day. The mean number of surgical consults per day was 5.89, and a mean of 2.08 surgical procedures were performed per day. The PA was involved in 53.5% of all patient encounters, despite working only during daytime hours on weekdays. Multidisciplinary meetings were conducted by the PA 94.9% of the time. Alternate level of care patients were seen by the PA 96.2% of the time. The PA was directly involved in 2.0% of the operating room procedures during the study period. CONCLUSION: Integrating a PA on an ACS team adds value to patient care by providing consistency and efficient management of ward issues and patient care plans, including multidisciplinary discharge planning, timely emergency department consultations and effective organization of the ACS team members.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Assistentes Médicos/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Canadá , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistentes Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Rev Chilena Infectol ; 37(1): 23-31, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health-care-associated infections are a frequent problem in hospital environments. Hand hygiene is the most effective measure to prevent outbreaks. The use of certain accessories could decrease its effectiveness, facilitating horizontal transmission of pathogens. OBJECTIVE: Analyze the evidence that assess the impact of the use of rings and nail polish on hand hygiene quality in healthcare workers. METHODS: Non-systematic search in PUBMED/MEDLINE database (1978-2018) of studies in which the quality of hand hygiene or surgical washing is measured, using quantitative cultures or fluorescent stains. RESULTS: Wearing rings: 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Seven were carried out in general wards. In all of them the use of rings was associated with lower quality of hand hygiene (the majority of low quality). Contrarily, in 3 of 4 primary studies carried out in the operating rooms (of low quality), their use did not affect the quality of surgical washing. Similarly, two systematic reviews obtained similar conclusions. Nail polish: 7 of 54 studies met the inclusion criteria. In four of them there were discordant results (the majority of low quality). One RCT showed a reduction in the quality of surgical washing only when the nail polish was damaged. Gel nail polish was associated with lower quality in two experimental studies. CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to associate the use of these accessories with the reduction in the quality of hand hygiene. Its safety was not proven neither. Based on the available evidence (the majority of low quality), a negative impact of the use of rings in clinical units and also of damaged nail polish in operating rooms was observed. Better quality studies are required to address these relevant issues.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Infecção Hospitalar , Desinfecção das Mãos , Higiene das Mãos , Pessoal de Saúde , Joias , Cosméticos/normas , Desinfecção das Mãos/normas , Higiene das Mãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Joias/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Polônia
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(7): 965-969, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620726

RESUMO

Background: Dwindling economic resources and reduced manpower in the health sector require efficient use of the available resources. Day of surgery cancellation has far reaching consequences on the patients and the theatre staff involved. Full use of the theatre space should be pursued by every theatre user. Objective: The study aimed to report on the rates and causes of day of surgery cancellation of elective surgical cases in our hospital as a means towards proffering solutions. Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective study of all elective cases that were booked over a 15-month period from January 2016 to March 2017. Cancellation was said to have occurred when the planned surgery did not take place on the proposed day of surgery. Cancellations were categorized into patient-related, surgeon-related, hospital-related and anesthetist-related. Reasons for the cancellations were documented. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software program, version 22. Variables were compared using Chi-square tests. A value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: During the 15-month period, a total of 1296 elective surgeries were booked. Of this, 118 (9.1%) cases were cancelled. Patient-related factor was the most common reason (47.5%) followed by surgeon-related factor (28%). Lack of funds was the most common patient related-reason for cancellation. Majority of the cancelled cases were general surgical cases (36.4%) followed by orthopedics (25.4%) and urology (11%). Seventy percent of the cancelled cases were first and second on the elective list. Conclusion: The cancellation rate in this study is high. The reasons for these cancellations are preventable. To ensure effective use of the theatre, efforts should be made to tackle these reasons.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/organização & administração , Adulto , Agendamento de Consultas , Ocupação de Leitos , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recursos Humanos
11.
Eur Urol Focus ; 6(5): 1120-1123, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522412

RESUMO

The province of Bergamo in Italy and in particular Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital was one of the first areas to be hit by the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and experience firsthand all the different phases of the crisis. We describe the timeline of the changes in overall urological workload during the outbreak period from lockdown to the slow reopening of activities. We sought to compare the 2020 hospital scenario with normality in the same period in 2019, highlighting the rationale behind decision-making when guidelines were not yet available. While we focus on the changes in surgical volumes for both elective (oncological and noncancer) and urgent cases, we have still to confront the risk of untreated and underdiagnosed patients. PATIENT SUMMARY: We present a snapshot of changes in urology during the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak in our hospital in Bergamo, Italy. The effect of medical lockdown on outcomes for untreated or underdiagnosed patients is still unknown.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Número de Leitos em Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Surtos de Doenças , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Neoplasias Urogenitais/cirurgia , Doenças Urológicas/cirurgia , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia
12.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0230957, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243474

RESUMO

Bacteria found in operating rooms (ORs) might be clinically relevant since they could pose a threat to patients. In addition, C-sections operations are performed in ORs that provide the first environment and bacterial exposure to the sterile newborns that are extracted directly from the uterus to the OR air. Considering that at least one third of neonates in the US are born via C-section delivery (and more than 50% of all deliveries in some countries), understanding the distribution of bacterial diversity in ORs is critical to better understanding the contribution of the OR microbiota to C-section- associated inflammatory diseases. Here, we mapped the bacteria contained in an OR after a procedure was performed; we sampled grids of 60x60 cm across walls and wall-adjacent floors and sequenced the V4 region of 16S rRNA gene from 260 samples. The results indicate that bacterial communities changed significantly (ANOSIM, p-value < 0.001) with wall height, with an associated reduction of alpha diversity (t-test, p-value <0.05). OR walls contained high proportions of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria, with Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes being the highest in floors and lowest in the highest wall sites. Members of Firmicutes, Deinococcus-thermus, and Actinobacteria increased with wall height. Source-track analysis estimate that human skin is the major source contributing to bacterial composition in the OR walls, with an increase of bacteria related to human feces in the lowest walls and airborne bacteria in the highest wall sites. The results show that bacterial exposure in ORs varies spatially, and evidence exposure of C-section born neonates to human bacteria that remain on the floors and walls, possibly accumulated from patients, health, and cleaning staff.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Porto Rico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
J Am Coll Surg ; 230(6): 1064-1073, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to spread, swift actions and preparation are critical for ensuring the best outcomes for patients and providers. We aim to describe our hospital and Department of Surgery's experience in preparing for the COVID-19 pandemic and caring for surgical patients during this unprecedented time. STUDY DESIGN: This is a descriptive study outlining the strategy of a single academic health system for addressing the following 4 critical issues facing surgical departments during the COVID-19 pandemic: developing a cohesive leadership team and system for frequent communication throughout the department; ensuring adequate hospital capacity to care for an anticipated influx of COVID-19 patients; safeguarding supplies of blood products and personal protective equipment to protect patients and providers; and preparing for an unstable workforce due to illness and competing personal priorities, such as childcare. RESULTS: Through collaborative efforts within the Department of Surgery and hospital, we provided concise and regular communication, reduced operating room volume by 80%, secured a 4-week supply of personal protective equipment, and created reduced staffing protocols with back-up staffing plans. CONCLUSIONS: By developing an enabling infrastructure, a department can nimbly respond to crises like COVID-19 by promoting trust among colleagues and emphasizing an unwavering commitment to excellent patient care. Sharing principles and practical applications of these changes is important to optimize responses across the country and the world.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitais Universitários/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/organização & administração , Comitês Consultivos , Betacoronavirus , Comunicação , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Cirurgiões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios
14.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 63(6): 837-841, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most hospitals in the United States are reimbursed for colectomy via a bundled payment based on the diagnosis-related group assigned. Enhanced recovery after surgery programs have been shown to improve the value of colorectal surgery, but little is known about the granular financial tradeoffs required at individual hospitals. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the index-hospitalization impact on specific cost centers associated with enhanced recovery after surgery implementation for diagnosis-related groups commonly assigned to patients undergoing colon resections. DESIGN: We performed a single-institution retrospective, nonrandomized, preintervention (2013-2014) and postintervention (2015-2017) analysis of hospital costs. SETTING: This study was conducted at an academic medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 1297 patients with diagnosis-related group 330 (colectomy with complications/comorbidities) and 331 (colectomy without complications/comorbidities) were selected. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was total index-hospitalization cost. Secondary outcomes included specific cost center expenses. RESULTS: Total median cost for diagnosis-related group 330 in the pre-enhanced recovery after surgery group was $24,111 ($19,285-$28,658) compared to $21,896 ($17,477-$29,179) in the enhanced recovery after surgery group, p = 0.01. Total median cost for diagnosis-related group 331 in the pre-enhanced recovery after surgery group was $19,268 ($17,286-$21,858) compared to $18,444 ($15,506-$22,847) in the enhanced recovery after surgery group, p = 0.22. When assessing cost changes after enhanced recovery after surgery implementation for diagnosis-related group 330, operating room costs increased (p = 0.90), nursing costs decreased (p = 0.02), anesthesia costs increased (p = 0.20), and pharmacy costs increased (p = 0.08). For diagnosis-related group 331, operating room costs increased (p = 0.001), nursing costs decreased (p < 0.001), anesthesia costs increased (p = 0.03), and pharmacy costs increased (p = 0.001). LIMITATIONS: This is a single-center study with a pre- and postintervention design. CONCLUSIONS: The returns on investment at the hospital level for enhanced recovery after surgery implementations in colorectal surgery result largely from cost savings associated with decreased nursing expenses. These savings likely offset increased spending on operating room supplies, anesthesia, and medications. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B204. IMPACTO DE LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DEL PROTOCOLO DE RECUPERACIÓN MEJORADA DESPUÉS DE CIRUGÍA EN EL COSTO DE LA HOSPITALIZACIÓN ÍNDICE EN CENTROS ESPECÍFICOS: La mayoría de los hospitales en los Estados Unidos son reembolsados por la colectomía a través de un paquete de pago basado en el grupo de diagnóstico asignado. Se ha demostrado que los programas de recuperación después de la cirugía mejoran el valor de la cirugía colorrectal, pero se sabe poco sobre las compensaciones financieras granulares que se requieren en los hospitales individuales.El objetivo de este estudio es analizar el impacto del índice de hospitalización en centros de costos específicos asociados con la implementación de RMDC para grupos relacionados con el diagnóstico comúnmente asignados a pacientes que se someten a resecciones de colon.Realizamos un análisis retrospectivo, no aleatorio, previo (2013-2014) y posterior a la intervención (2015-2017) de los costos hospitalarios de una sola institución.Centro médico académico.Un total de 1. 297 pacientes con diagnóstico relacionado con el grupo 330 (colectomía con complicaciones/comorbilidades) y 331 (colectomía sin complicaciones/comorbilidades).El resultado primario fue el índice total de costos de hospitalización. Los resultados secundarios incluyeron gastos específicos del centro de costos.El costo medio total para el grupo relacionado con el diagnóstico de 330 en el grupo de recuperación pre-mejorada después de la cirugía fue de $24,111 ($19,285- $28,658) en comparación con $21,896 ($17,477- $29,179) en el grupo de recuperación mejorada después de la cirugía, p = 0.01. El costo medio total para DRG 331 en el grupo de recuperación pre-mejorada después de la cirugía fue de $19,268 ($17,286- $21,858) en comparación con $18,444 ($15,506-$22,847) en el grupo de recuperación mejorada después de la cirugía, p = 0.22. Al evaluar los cambios en los costos después de una recuperación mejorada después de la implementación de la cirugía para el grupo 330 relacionado con el diagnóstico, los costos de la sala de operaciones aumentaron (p = 0.90), los costos de enfermería disminuyeron (p = 0.02) los costos de anestesia aumentaron (p = 0.20) y los costos de farmacia aumentaron (p = 0.08). Para el grupo 331 relacionado con el diagnóstico, los costos de la sala de operaciones aumentaron (p = 0.001), los costos de enfermería disminuyeron (p < 0.001) los costos de anestesia aumentaron (p = 0.03) y los costos de farmacia aumentaron (p = 0.001).Este es un estudio de un solo centro con un diseño previo y posterior a la intervención.El retorno de la inversión a nivel hospitalario para una recuperación mejorada después de la implementación de la cirugía en la cirugía colorrectal se debe en gran parte al ahorro de costos asociado con la disminución de los gastos de enfermería. Es probable que estos ahorros compensen el aumento de los gastos en suministros de quirófano, anestesia y medicamentos. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B204. (Traducción-Dr. Gonzalo Hagerman).


Assuntos
Colectomia/economia , Cirurgia Colorretal/economia , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada/normas , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/métodos , Hospitalização/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia/economia , Anestesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/economia , Economia da Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmacoeconomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamentos e Provisões/economia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Salas Cirúrgicas/economia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
Vet Surg ; 49(3): 561-569, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of veterinary personnel to predict the duration of surgery and associated procedures in a referral center. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Experienced surgeons (ES; n = 2, board certified for 10+ years), inexperienced surgeons (IS; n = 2, residency completed, not board certified), anesthesia animal health technicians (AAHT; n = 3) and surgery animal health technicians (SAHT; n = 2). METHODS: Surgeons and technicians predicted surgery duration (skin incision to final stitch/staple) and total procedure duration (TPD; from induction of anesthesia to extubation). Predictions were compared to actual durations with Bland-Altman plots to assess agreement (accuracy) as indicated by bias (mean of observed differences) and limits of agreement (LOA; bias ±1.96 SD). RESULTS: All groups underestimated TPD. Experienced surgeons predicted their own TPD more accurately (bias -20.1 ± 30.4 minutes [±SD]) and more consistently (narrower LOA) than IS for their own TPD (-40.1 ± 41.0 minutes). Experienced surgeon TPD predictions by AAHT were more accurate than those by ES (bias -16.0 ± 28.9 minutes, LOA 5% narrower). Inexperienced surgeon TPD predictions by AAHT were less consistent (wider LOA) than those by IS. Own surgery duration predictions by surgeons were similar in magnitude (ES surgery duration [ESSD] 8.3 ± 18.3, IS surgery duration [ISSD] surgery duration -7.9 ± 27.2 minutes), with greater consistency by ES (LOA 30% narrower). Anesthesia animal health technician predictions were similar to those of surgeons (ESSD 3.0 ± 19.3, ISSD -9.0 ± 28.7 minutes). Surgery animal health technician predictions were similar to those of AAHT for ESSD but were less accurate for ISSD. CONCLUSION: Surgery duration was more accurately predicted than TPD, which was most accurately predicted by anesthesia technicians. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Surgical procedure planning should involve personnel best able to predict total procedure durations; in this case, anesthesia technicians. Accurate planning will promote efficient operating room and personnel use.


Assuntos
Duração da Cirurgia , Cirurgia Veterinária , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Médicos Veterinários
16.
J Robot Surg ; 14(5): 745-752, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040816

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Robotic-assisted techniques are widespread in urology. However, prolonged preparation time for robotic cases hinders operating room (OR) efficiency and frustrates robotic surgeons. Pre-operative times are an opportunity for quality improvement (QI) and enhancing OR throughput. We have previously shown that pre-operative times in robotic cases are highly variable and that increasing patient complexity was associated with longer times. Our objective was to characterize set-up times in robotic urology cases and to determine whether prolongation was due to robot set-up, in particular. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing robotic-assisted urology procedures at our academic institution had routine peri-operative collection of demographic data and OR time stamps. Following IRB approval, we retrospectively reviewed set-up times from an OR database. Multivariable analysis was used to assess the influence of independent patient variables-gender (M/F), smoking history, age, BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI)-on robot set-up times. Institutional factors including procedure, surgeon, and case year were also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 808 patients undergoing 816 robotic-assisted procedures from 2013 to 2018 met inclusion criteria. Robot set-up times varied only by gender (F > M) but not by general patient complexity. Age, BMI, smoking status, ASA, and CCI did not play a role in prolonging robot set-up times. There was marked variability of robot set-up times, even within procedure type. Robot set-up times generally improved over time for a given surgeon. CONCLUSIONS: Robot set-up time is not affected by patient complexity, in contrast to pre-operative time. It is affected by procedure type and does improve with experience. There is wide variability of robot set-up times and this is an important target for surgical QI.


Assuntos
Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pré-Operatório , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(1): 23-31, feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092718

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: Las infecciones asociadas a la atención de salud son un problema frecuente en el ambiente hospitalario. La higiene de manos es la medida más efectiva para su prevención. El uso de ciertos accesorios en las manos podría disminuir su efectividad y favorecer la transmisión horizontal de agentes infecciosos. Objetivo: Revisar los estudios publicados que evalúan el impacto del uso de anillos y uñas esmaltadas en la calidad de la higiene de manos en trabajadores de la salud. Métodos: Búsqueda no sistemática en base de datos PUBMED/MEDLINE (1978-2018) de estudios en los cuales se mide la calidad de la higiene de manos o lavado quirúrgico, mediante cultivos cuantitativos o tinciones fluorescentes. Resultados: Uso de anillos: Trece de 51 artículos cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Siete fueron realizados en unidades clínicas, y en todos ellos éste se asoció a menor calidad de la higiene de manos (la mayoría de baja calidad). Contrariamente, en tres de cuatro estudios primarios realizados en pabellón (de baja calidad), su uso no impactó en la calidad del lavado quirúrgico. Igualmente, dos revisiones sistemáticas obtuvieron similares conclusiones. Uñas esmaltadas: siete de 54 artículos fueron incluidos. En cuatro hubo resultados discordantes (la mayoría de baja calidad). En un estudio controlado se observó reducción en la calidad del lavado quirúrgico sólo cuando el esmalte estaba dañado. El esmalte gel se asoció a menor calidad de la higiene de manos en dos estudios experimentales. Conclusiones: No existe evidencia de calidad suficiente para asociar el uso de estos accesorios con reducción en la calidad de la higiene de manos. Tampoco queda demostrada su inocuidad. En base a la evidencia disponible (la mayoría de baja calidad), se observó un impacto negativo del uso de anillos en unidades clínicas y también de uñas con esmalte dañado en pabellones quirúrgicos. Se requieren estudios de mejor calidad para abordar estos relevantes tópicos.


Abstract Background: Health-care-associated infections are a frequent problem in hospital environments. Hand hygiene is the most effective measure to prevent outbreaks. The use of certain accessories could decrease its effectiveness, facilitating horizontal transmission of pathogens. Objective: Analyze the evidence that assess the impact of the use of rings and nail polish on hand hygiene quality in healthcare workers. Methods: Non-systematic search in PUBMED/MEDLINE database (1978-2018) of studies in which the quality of hand hygiene or surgical washing is measured, using quantitative cultures or fluorescent stains. Results: Wearing rings: 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Seven were carried out in general wards. In all of them the use of rings was associated with lower quality of hand hygiene (the majority of low quality). Contrarily, in 3 of 4 primary studies carried out in the operating rooms (of low quality), their use did not affect the quality of surgical washing. Similarly, two systematic reviews obtained similar conclusions. Nail polish: 7 of 54 studies met the inclusion criteria. In four of them there were discordant results (the majority of low quality). One RCT showed a reduction in the quality of surgical washing only when the nail polish was damaged. Gel nail polish was associated with lower quality in two experimental studies. Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence to associate the use of these accessories with the reduction in the quality of hand hygiene. Its safety was not proven neither. Based on the available evidence (the majority of low quality), a negative impact of the use of rings in clinical units and also of damaged nail polish in operating rooms was observed. Better quality studies are required to address these relevant issues.


Assuntos
Humanos , Desinfecção das Mãos/normas , Infecção Hospitalar , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cosméticos/normas , Joias/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene das Mãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Polônia
18.
Br J Surg ; 107(2): e63-e69, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several performance metrics are commonly used by National Health Service (NHS) organizations to measure the efficiency and productivity of operating lists. These include: start time, utilization, cancellations, number of operations and gap time between operations. The authors describe reasons why these metrics are flawed, and use clinical evidence and mathematics to define a rational, balanced efficiency metric. METHODS: A narrative review of literature on the efficiency and productivity of elective NHS operating lists was undertaken. The aim was to rationalize how best to define and measure the efficiency of an operating list, and describe strategies to achieve it. RESULTS: There is now a wealth of literature on how optimally to measure the performance of elective surgical lists. Efficiency may be defined as the completion of all scheduled operations within the allocated time with no over- or under-runs. CONCLUSION: Achieving efficiency requires appropriate scheduling using specific procedure mean (or median) times and their associated variance (standard deviation or interquartile range) to calculate the probability they can be completed on time. The case mix may be adjusted to yield better time management. This review outlines common misconceptions applied to managing scheduled operating theatre lists and the challenges of measuring unscheduled operations in emergency settings.


Assuntos
Benchmarking/normas , Eficiência Organizacional/normas , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Benchmarking/estatística & dados numéricos , Eficiência Organizacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
J Robot Surg ; 14(5): 717-724, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933120

RESUMO

Turnover time (TOT) has remained the subject of numerous research articles and operating room (OR) committee discussions. Inefficiencies associated with TOT are multiplied when complex technology, such as surgical robots, is involved. Using a human factors approach, this study investigated impediments to efficient robotic TOT and team members' perceptions surrounding this topic. Researchers observed 20 robotic turnovers over 2 months at a tertiary hospital. TOT, cleaning time, number of staff present, bed set-up time, instrument set-up time and any major delays were recorded. Additionally, 79 OR team members completed a questionnaire regarding perceptions of OR turnover. Average TOT was 72 min (s, 24 min). Overall, cleaning required the most time (average of 27.4 min, 37.96% of TOT), followed by instrument set-up (15.4 min, 21.34% of TOT) and RN retrieval of the patient from pre-op (12 min, 17.72% of TOT). OR team members estimated that turnovers require 60.36 min. Physicians believed the greatest contributor to TOT was "time to set up the OR", while OR staff rated "instrument availability" as the greatest issue, both of which were inaccurate. OR team members' perceptions of robotic TOT and contributing factors were different from reality based on observed contributors. Data demonstrated several areas of opportunity for process improvement. These data can be used to guide the implementation of targeted interventions to improve TOT efficiency.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Corpo Clínico/psicologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Percepção , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31947535

RESUMO

(1) Background: Hazardous substances in surgical smoke that is generated during laser or electrosurgery pose a potential health hazard. In Germany, the Technical Rules for Hazardous Substances (TRGS 525) have included recommendations for appropriate protective measures since 2014. Up to now, no empirical data has been available on the extent to which recommendations have been implemented in practice. (2) Methods: In 2018, 7089 surgeons in hospitals and outpatient practices were invited by email to participate in an online survey. In addition, 219 technical assistants were interviewed. The questionnaire dealt with knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the hazard potential of surgical smoke, as well as the availability and actual use of protective measures. Furthermore, manufacturers and distributors of smoke extraction devices were asked to give their assessment of the development of prevention in recent years. (3) Results: The survey response rate was 5% (surgeons) and 65% (technical assistant staff). Half of all surgeons assumed that there were high health hazards of surgical smoke without taking protective measures. Operating room nurses were more often concerned (88%). Only a few felt properly informed about the topic. The TRGS recommendations had been read by a minority of the respondents. In total, 52% of hospital respondents and 65% of the respondents in outpatient facilities reported any type of special suction system to capture surgical smoke. One-fifth of respondents from hospitals reported that technical measures had improved since the introduction of the TRGS 525. Fifty-one percent of the surgeons in hospitals and 70% of the surgeons in outpatient facilities "mostly" or "always" paid attention to avoiding surgical smoke. The most important reason for non-compliance with recommendations was a lack of problem awareness or thoughtlessness. Twelve industrial interviewees who assessed the situation and the development of prevention in practice largely confirmed the prevention gaps observed; only slight developments were observed in recent years. (4) Conclusions: The low response rate among surgeons and the survey results both indicate a major lack of interest and knowledge. Among other measures, team interventions with advanced training are needed in the future.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumaça/prevenção & controle , Eletrocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Alemanha , Substâncias Perigosas/efeitos adversos , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Exposição Ocupacional/legislação & jurisprudência
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