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1.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 13(1)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671947

RESUMO

Circulating body fluids such as blood, urea, saliva, cerebrospinal fluid, etc [...].


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Líquidos Corporais , Saliva , Biomarcadores , Ureia
2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 3699-3712, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633252

RESUMO

Investigation of a lubrication behavior of phase change materials (PCM) can be challenging in applications involving relative motion, e.g., sport (ice skating), food (chocolates), energy (thermal storage), apparel (textiles with PCM), etc. In oral tribology, a phase change often occurs in a sequence of dynamic interactions between the ingested PCM and oral surfaces from a licking stage to a saliva-mixed stage at contact scales spanning micro- (cellular), meso- (papillae), and macroscales. Often the lubrication performance and correlations across length scales and different stages remain poorly understood due to the lack of testing setups mimicking real human tissues. Herein, we bring new insights into lubrication mechanisms of PCM using dark chocolate as an exemplar at a single-papilla (meso)-scale and a full-tongue (macro) scale covering the solid, molten, and saliva-mixed states, uniting highly sophisticated biomimetic oral surfaces with in situ tribomicroscopy for the first time. Unprecedented results from this study supported by transcending lubrication theories reveal how the tribological mechanism in licking shifted from solid fat-dominated lubrication (saliva-poor regime) to aqueous lubrication (saliva-dominant regime), the latter resulted in increasing the coefficient of friction by at least threefold. At the mesoscale, the governing mechanisms were bridging of cocoa butter in between confined cocoa particles and fat coalescence of emulsion droplets for the molten and saliva-mixed states, respectively. At the macroscale, a distinctive hydrodynamic viscous film formed at the interface governing the speed-dependent lubrication behavior indicates the striking importance of multiscale analyses. New tribological insights across different stages and scales of phase transition from this study will inspire rational design of the next generation of PCM and solid particle-containing materials.


Assuntos
Saliva , Língua , Humanos , Lubrificação , Fricção , Viscosidade
3.
Comput Biol Chem ; 102: 107805, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587566

RESUMO

Growing evidence suggests that cigarette smoking alters the salivary microbiome composition and affects the risk of various complex diseases including cancer. However, the potential role of the smoking-associated microbiome in cancer development remains unexplained. Here, the putative roles of smoking-related microbiome alterations in carcinogenesis were investigated by in silico analysis and suggested evidence can be further explored by experimental methodologies. The Disbiome database was used to extract smoking-associated microbial taxa in saliva and taxon set enrichment analysis (TSEA) was conducted to identify the gene sets associated with extracted microbial taxa. We further analyzed the expression profiles of identified genes by using RNA-sequencing data from TCGA and GTEx projects. Associations of the genes with smoking-related phenotypes in cancer datasets were analyzed to prioritize genes for their interplay between smoking-related microbiome and carcinogenesis. Thirty-eight microbial taxa associated with smoking were included in the TSEA and this revealed sixteen genes that were significantly associated with smoking-associated microbial taxa. All genes were found to be differentially expressed in at least one cancer dataset, yet the ELF3 and CTSH were the most common differentially expressed genes giving significant results for several cancer types. Moreover, C2CD3, CTSH, DSC3, ELF3, RHOT2, and WSB2 showed statistically significant associations with smoking-related phenotypes in cancer datasets. This study provides in silico evidence for the potential roles of the salivary microbiome on carcinogenesis. The results shed light on the importance of smoking cessation strategies for cancer management and interventions to stratify smokers for their risk of smoking-induced carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Saliva , Carcinogênese , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos
4.
Talanta ; 255: 124215, 2023 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603441

RESUMO

Protein biosensors hold a promise to transform the way we collect physiological data by enabling quantification of biomarkers outside of specialized laboratory environment. However, achieving high specificity and sensitivity in homogeneous assay format remains challenging. Here we report construction of fluorescent biosensor arrays based on artificial allosteric α-amylase-activated PQQ-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (Amy-GDH). Amy-GDH was covalently immobilized on silica nanoparticles that were then arrayed on fiberglass sheets. The activity of the biosensor was monitored using a smartphone camera via emergence of bright fluorescence (λex 365 nm) originating from reduced phenazine methosulfate upon glucose oxidation by Amy-GDH. We show that such biosensor arrays demonstrate an apparent Kd of 115 pM for α-amylase with a detection limit of 2 pM. Using the developed biosensor arrays, we were able to specifically and accurately quantify the concentration of α-amylase in biological fluids such as serum and saliva. We propose that the presented approach can enable construction of ultrasensitive point-of-care diagnostic arrays.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , alfa-Amilases , Glucose , Saliva , Oxirredução
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674994

RESUMO

Prompt recognition of neurodevelopmental delay is critical for optimizing developmental trajectories. Currently, this is achieved with caregiver questionnaires whose sensitivity and specificity can be limited by socioeconomic and cultural factors. This prospective study of 121 term infants tested the hypothesis that microRNA measurement could aid early recognition of infants at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. Levels of four salivary microRNAs implicated in childhood autism (miR-125a-5p, miR-148a-5p, miR-151a-3p, miR-28-3p) were measured at 6 months of age, and compared between infants who displayed risk for neurodevelopmental delay at 18 months (n = 20) and peers with typical development (n = 101), based on clinical evaluation aided by the Survey of Wellbeing in Young Children (SWYC). Accuracy of microRNAs for predicting neurodevelopmental concerns at 18 months was compared to the clinical standard (9-month SWYC). Infants with neurodevelopmental concerns at 18 months displayed higher levels of miR-125a-5p (d = 0.30, p = 0.018, adj p = 0.049), miR-151a-3p (d = 0.30, p = 0.017, adj p = 0.048), and miR-28-3p (d = 0.31, p = 0.014, adj p = 0.048). Levels of miR-151a-3p were associated with an 18-month SWYC score (R = -0.19, p = 0.021) and probability of neurodevelopmental delay at 18 months (OR = 1.91, 95% CI, 1.14-3.19). Salivary levels of miR-151a-3p enhanced predictive accuracy for future neurodevelopmental delay (p = 0.010, X2 = 6.71, AUC = 0.71) compared to the 9-month SWYC score alone (OR = 0.56, 95% CI, 0.20-1.58, AUC = 0.567). This pilot study provides evidence that miR-151a-3p may aid the identification of infants at risk for neurodevelopmental delay. External validation of these findings is necessary.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Saliva , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , MicroRNAs/genética
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 30, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe early childhood caries (SECC) is an inflammatory disease with complex pathology. Although changes in the oral microbiota and metabolic profile of patients with SECC have been identified, the salivary metabolites and the relationship between oral bacteria and biochemical metabolism remains unclear. We aimed to analyse alterations in the salivary microbiome and metabolome of children with SECC as well as their correlations. Accordingly, we aimed to explore potential salivary biomarkers in order to gain further insight into the pathophysiology of dental caries. METHODS: We collected 120 saliva samples from 30 children with SECC and 30 children without caries. The microbial community was identified through 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene high-throughput sequencing. Additionally, we conducted non-targeted metabolomic analysis through ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry to determine the relative metabolite levels and their correlation with the clinical caries status. RESULTS: There was a significant between-group difference in 8 phyla and 32 genera in the microbiome. Further, metabolomic and enrichment analyses revealed significantly altered 32 salivary metabolites in children with dental caries, which involved pathways such as amino acid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, purine metabolism, ATP-binding cassette transporters, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate signalling pathway. Moreover, four in vivo differential metabolites (2-benzylmalate, epinephrine, 2-formaminobenzoylacetate, and 3-Indoleacrylic acid) might be jointly applied as biomarkers (area under the curve = 0.734). Furthermore, the caries status was correlated with microorganisms and metabolites. Additionally, Spearman's correlation analysis of differential microorganisms and metabolites revealed that Veillonella, Staphylococcus, Neisseria, and Porphyromonas were closely associated with differential metabolites. CONCLUSION: This study identified different microbial communities and metabolic profiles in saliva, which may be closely related to caries status. Our findings could inform future strategies for personalized caries prevention, detection, and treatment.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Microbiota , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Saliva/química , Microbiota/genética , Metaboloma , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Biomarcadores
7.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1239: 340736, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628731

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori infection has become a threat to the world populations. This leads to an urgent need of an efficient and convenient approach to accurately diagnose H. pylori infection. Saliva-based diagnoses are particularly welcomed for their efficiency and convenience. Aiming at saliva sample analysis, we proposed a CRISPR/Cas12a-assisted array, which had integrated H. pylori concentration detection and genotype screening functions. Single-nucleotide variations (SNVs) could be distinguished using the screening array with different probes, and an isothermal cycling strategy was combined with the trans-cleavage activity of Cas12a for signal amplification to improve accuracy of the diagnosis. As a demonstration, the SNV screening array was fabricated by utilizing the hybridization efficiency difference caused by mismatched bases. The array was able to successfully distinguish between ten H. pylori genotypes, and combined with the successful SDA biosensing, it had a LOD of as low as 60 fM. It was also able to diagnose H. pylori infection in saliva samples from infected patients. Together, the developed array has a potential in large-scale clinical screening and is a promising tool for the diagnosis and prevention of H. pylori infection-related diseases.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Saliva , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/diagnóstico , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , DNA
8.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279891, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652405

RESUMO

Mastication interventions have previously been shown to alleviate acute stress. However, the relationship between masticatory performance and stress response among individuals remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the relationship between masticatory ability and stress response in young women by measuring the autonomic nerve function and salivary α-amylase activity during psychosocial stress. Eighty women (aged 20.0 ± 1.9 years) were divided into either a low or high masticatory performance group, and the Trier Social Stress Test was conducted. Moreover, the autonomic function was measured at rest, immediately before stress, immediately after stress, and 10 min after stress. The salivary α-amylase activity was also measured at rest, 5 min after stress, and 15 min after stress. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used for subjective stress evaluation. There was a significant increase in the autonomic balance of both groups immediately before stress loading, but whilst the high masticatory ability group showed a return to resting-state levels after stress loading, the low masticatory ability group showed elevated levels after stress loading. Salivary α-amylase activity significantly increased 5 min after stress loading in the low, but not high, masticatory ability group. Furthermore, the VAS scores for tension and confusion after stress were significantly higher in the low masticatory ability group than in the high masticatory ability group. Our findings suggest that high masticatory performance may contribute to alleviating psychosocial stress. This is the first study to clarify the relationship between habitual masticatory performance and psychosocial stress suppression in young women.


Assuntos
alfa-Amilases Salivares , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Saliva , Mastigação/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675071

RESUMO

Kunitz domain-containing proteins are ubiquitous serine protease inhibitors with promising therapeutic potential. They target key proteases involved in major cellular processes such as inflammation or hemostasis through competitive inhibition in a substrate-like manner. Protease inhibitors from the Kunitz superfamily have a low molecular weight (18-24 kDa) and are characterized by the presence of one or more Kunitz motifs consisting of α-helices and antiparallel ß-sheets stabilized by three disulfide bonds. Kunitz-type inhibitors are an important fraction of the protease inhibitors found in tick saliva. Their roles in inhibiting and/or suppressing host homeostatic responses continue to be shown to be additive or synergistic with other protease inhibitors such as cystatins or serpins, ultimately mediating successful blood feeding for the tick. In this review, we discuss the biochemical features of tick salivary Kunitz-type protease inhibitors. We focus on their various effects on host hemostasis and immunity at the molecular and cellular level and their potential therapeutic applications. In doing so, we highlight that their pharmacological properties can be exploited for the development of novel therapies and vaccines.


Assuntos
Cistatinas , Serpinas , Carrapatos , Animais , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/farmacologia , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/metabolismo , Serpinas/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Cistatinas/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675090

RESUMO

Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic and insidious auto-immune disease characterized by lymphocyte infiltration of exocrine glands. The patients typically present with ocular surface diseases related to dry eye and other systemic manifestations. However, due to the high prevalence of dry eye disease and the lack of objective and clinically reliable diagnostic tools, discriminating Sjögren's syndrome dry eye (SSDE) from non-Sjögren's syndrome dry eye (NSSDE) remains a challenge for clinicians. Diagnosing SS is important to improve the quality of life of patients through timely referral for systemic workups, as SS is associated with serious systemic complications such as lymphoma and other autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this article is to describe the current molecular understanding of Sjögren's syndrome and its implications for novel diagnostic modalities on the horizon. A literature review of the pre-clinical and clinical studies published between 2016 and 2022 was conducted. The SSDE pathophysiology and immunology pathways have become better understood in recent years. Novel diagnostic modalities, such as tear and saliva proteomics as well as exosomal biomarkers, provide hope on the horizon.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/complicações , Lágrimas , Saliva
11.
Int J Oral Sci ; 15(1): 2, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596771

RESUMO

Saliva testing is a vital method for clinical applications, for its noninvasive features, richness in substances, and the huge amount. Due to its direct anatomical connection with oral, digestive, and endocrine systems, clinical usage of saliva testing for these diseases is promising. Furthermore, for other diseases that seeming to have no correlations with saliva, such as neurodegenerative diseases and psychological diseases, researchers also reckon saliva informative. Tremendous papers are being produced in this field. Updated summaries of recent literature give newcomers a shortcut to have a grasp of this topic. Here, we focused on recent research about saliva biomarkers that are derived from humans, not from other organisms. The review mostly addresses the proceedings from 2016 to 2022, to shed light on the promising usage of saliva testing in clinical diagnostics. We recap the recent advances following the category of different types of biomarkers, such as intracellular DNA, RNA, proteins and intercellular exosomes, cell-free DNA, to give a comprehensive impression of saliva biomarker testing.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Saliva , Humanos , Saliva/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , RNA , Exossomos/metabolismo
12.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 188(1)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: 11-oxygenated androgens significantly contribute to the circulating androgen pool. Understanding the physiological variation of 11-oxygenated androgens and their determinants is essential for clinical interpretation, for example, in androgen excess conditions. We quantified classic and 11-oxygenated androgens in serum and saliva across the adult age and body mass index (BMI) range, also analyzing diurnal and menstrual cycle-dependent variation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Morning serum samples were collected from 290 healthy volunteers (125 men, 22-95 years; 165 women, 21-91 years). Morning saliva samples were collected by a sub-group (51 women and 32 men). Diurnal saliva profiles were collected by 13 men. Twelve women collected diurnal saliva profiles and morning saliva samples on 7 consecutive days during both follicular and luteal menstrual cycle phases. METHODS: Serum and salivary steroids were quantified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry profiling assays. RESULTS: Serum classic androgens decreased with age-adjusted BMI, for example, %change kg/m2 for 5α-dihydrotestosterone: men -5.54% (95% confidence interval (CI) -8.10 to -2.98) and women -1.62% (95%CI -3.16 to -0.08). By contrast, 11-oxygenated androgens increased with BMI, for example, %change kg/m2 for 11-ketotestosterone: men 3.05% (95%CI 0.08-6.03) and women 1.68% (95%CI -0.44 to 3.79). Conversely, classic androgens decreased with age in both men and women, while 11-oxygenated androgens did not. Salivary androgens showed a diurnal pattern in men and in the follicular phase in women; in the luteal phase, only 11-oxygenated androgens showed diurnal variation. CONCLUSIONS: Classic androgens decrease while active 11-oxygenated androgens increase with increasing BMI, pointing toward the importance of adipose tissue mass for the activation of 11-oxygenated androgens. Classic but not 11-oxygenated androgens decline with age.


Assuntos
Androgênios , Saliva , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Saliva/química , Ciclo Menstrual
13.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(1): 33-38, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647640

RESUMO

Saliva, an important biological fluid secreted by oral glands, serves multiple functions. It performs cleaning and protective functions for oral tissues, safeguarding against biological, mechanical and chemical stimuli, while allowing for the sensory perception of taste and temperature. It is also responsible for the preliminary digestion of food. These functions and properties of saliva are attributed to the presence of electrolytes, buffers, proteins, glycoproteins, and lipids in saliva. Recent studies have found that saliva contains biomarkers that are closely connected with the pathophysiological status of the human body, suggesting that saliva makes an ideal biological fluid for drug monitoring and biomarker screening. Therefore, salivary biomarkers can be used as an instrument for physical monitoring and localization of the occurrence of diseases, thereby accomplishing early diagnosis of diseases and assessment of the overall health status of patients. However, the actual application of salivary biomarkers in the diagnosis and treatment of systemic diseases is still not widely available, and the establishment of evaluation criteria and the exploration of its mechanism are not sufficiently investigated. Herein, we reviewed the latest research findings on applying the salivary biomarkers in the diagnosis of systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Proteínas , Saliva , Humanos , Saliva/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise
14.
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(1): e2250207, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622677

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study investigates cell-free viral loads in saliva samples from patients who have been infected with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Saliva
15.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280224, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Side-effects of medications cause xerostomia. There have been cases where a medication has been discontinued owing to its severe side-effects. Therefore, the xerostomia must be treated to ensure that the primary disease is managed effectively. This study analyzed the actual status of patients with medication-induced xerostomia and investigates factors associated with its improvement. METHODS: This study assessed 490 patients diagnosed with medication-induced xerostomia who had an unstimulated salivary flow of ≤0.1 mL/min and received treatment for xerostomia at a xerostomia clinic. Patient age, sex, medical history, medications used, disease duration of xerostomia, and psychological disorders were recorded. The anticholinergic burden was assessed using the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden scale. The unstimulated salivary flow was measured by the spitting method. According to their symptoms and diagnoses, the patients were introduced to oral lubricants, instructed on how to perform massage, and prescribed Japanese herbal medicines, and sialogogues. Factors associated with the subjective improvement of xerostomia and objective changes in the salivary flow rate were recorded at six months. RESULTS: Xerostomia improved in 338 patients (75.3%). The improvement rate was significantly lower in patients with psychiatric disorders (63.6%) (P = 0.009). The improvement rate decreased as more anticholinergics were used (P = 0.018). However, xerostomia improved in approximately 60% of patients receiving three or more anticholinergics. The unstimulated salivary flow increased significantly more in patients who reported an improvement of xerostomia (0.033±0.053 mL/min) than in those who reported no improvement (0.013±0.02 mL/min) (P = 0.025). CONCLUSION: Xerostomia treatment improved oral dryness in 75.3% of patients receiving xerogenic medications in this study. If xerostomia due to side-effects of medications can be improved by treatment, it will greatly contribute to the quality of life of patients with xerogenic medications and may reduce the number of patients who discontinue medications.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Xerostomia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Xerostomia/induzido quimicamente , Xerostomia/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/complicações , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/efeitos adversos , Saliva
16.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 600, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635275

RESUMO

Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by impaired traffic of chloride ions and water through membranes of the respiratory and gastrointestinal, that causes inadequate hydration of airway surfaces, dehydrated mucous secretions and a high-sodium chloride sweat. Although the classical presentation of the condition is well known, a better characterization of metabolic alterations related is need. In particular, the metabolic composition alterations of biological fluids may be influence by the disease state and could be captured as putative signature to set targeted therapeutic strategies. A targeted comprehensive mass spectrometry-based platform was employed to dissect the lipid content of saliva samples form CF patients, in order to investigate alterations in the lipid metabolic homeostasis related to the pathology, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa infection, pancreatic insufficiency, liver disfunction and diabetes-related complications.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Humanos , Fibrose Cística/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Lipidômica , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
17.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279070, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649293

RESUMO

The hematophagous behaviour emerged independently in several instances during arthropod evolution. Survey of salivary gland and saliva composition and its pharmacological activity led to the conclusion that blood-feeding arthropods evolved a distinct salivary mixture that can interfere with host defensive response, thus facilitating blood acquisition and pathogen transmission. The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is the major vector of several pathogens, including Rickettsia typhi, Rickettsia felis and Bartonella spp. and therefore, represents an important insect species from the medical and veterinary perspectives. Previously, a Sanger-based sialome of adult C. felis female salivary glands was published and reported 1,840 expressing sequence tags (ESTs) which were assembled into 896 contigs. Here, we provide a deeper insight into C. felis salivary gland composition using an Illumina-based sequencing approach. In the current dataset, we report 8,892 coding sequences (CDS) classified into 27 functional classes, which were assembled from 42,754,615 reads. Moreover, we paired our RNAseq data with a mass spectrometry analysis using the translated transcripts as a reference, confirming the presence of several putative secreted protein families in the cat flea salivary gland homogenates. Both transcriptomic and proteomic approaches confirmed that FS-H-like proteins and acid phosphatases lacking their putative catalytic residues are the two most abundant salivary proteins families of C. felis and are potentially related to blood acquisition. We also report several novel sequences similar to apyrases, odorant binding proteins, antigen 5, cholinesterases, proteases, and proteases inhibitors, in addition to putative novel sequences that presented low or no sequence identity to previously deposited sequences. Together, the data represents an extended reference for the identification and characterization of the pharmacological activity present in C. felis salivary glands.


Assuntos
Ctenocephalides , Infestações por Pulgas , Rickettsia felis , Animais , Feminino , Ctenocephalides/genética , Ctenocephalides/microbiologia , Proteômica , Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Saliva/química , Rickettsia felis/fisiologia , Infestações por Pulgas/veterinária
18.
Talanta ; 255: 124242, 2023 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638654

RESUMO

Monitoring chemotherapeutic drugs in biological fluids is, in many cases, extremely important for dose adjustment, the maintenance of therapies, and the control of side effects. In this work, a method for determining the doxorubicin in saliva by digital image analysis (DIA) was optimised and validated. Images from a paper point were obtained using a conventional and cheap flatbed scanner at a 600 ppp resolution. The RGB data channels were obtained from the images in a region of 15 × 15 pixels around the sorbent vertex. The paper point was used as sorbent material in sample preparation using a multiphase electroextraction system. Following optimisation using a Doehlert experimental design, the method was able to simultaneously extract 66 samples in 20 min. The high selectivity of the electric field associated with the sorption capacity of the cellulosic material allowed the chemotherapy drug to be pre-concentrated and quantified in a range between 50 and 500 µg L-1 (R2 > 0.98). The method also exhibited adequate parameters (limits of detection and quantification, recovery, and precision) indicating its potential application in the monitoring of doxorubicin and similar drugs in saliva.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina , Saliva
19.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 677, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635354

RESUMO

Orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) occurs through proteolytic remodelling within the periodontium following the application of external force to the tooth. This study describes the first characterization of the salivary peptidome and protease profile during the alignment stage of fixed appliance orthodontic treatment. Unstimulated whole mouth saliva from 16 orthodontic patients (10 males, 6 females, mean (SD) age 15.2 (1.6) years) was collected prior to fixed appliance placement (T1), 1-h (T2), 1-week (T3) following fixed appliance placement and on completion of mandibular arch alignment (T4). Salivary peptides were extracted using filtration followed by mass spectrometry to identify amino acid sequences. Protease prediction was carried out in silico using Proteasix and validated with gelatin zymography and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A total of 2852 naturally-occurring peptides were detected, originating from 436 different proteins. Both collagen and statherin-derived peptide levels were increased at T2. Proteasix predicted 73 proteases potentially involved in generating these peptides, including metalloproteinases, calpains and cathepsins. Changes in predicted activity of proteases over time were also observed, with most metalloproteinases showing increased predicted activity at T2-T3. Increased gelatinolytic activity and MMP8/MMP9 levels were detected at T3. Collectively, multiple protein targets and changes in protease-predicted activity during OTM have been identified.


Assuntos
Endopeptidases , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Boca/metabolismo , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo
20.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 61(1): 4-32, 2023 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285724

RESUMO

Saliva is a complex biological fluid with a variety of biomolecules, such as DNA, RNA, proteins, metabolites and microbiota, which can be used for the screening and diagnosis of many diseases. In addition, saliva has the characteristics of simple collection, non-invasive and convenient storage, which gives it the potential to replace blood as a new main body of fluid biopsy, and it is an excellent biological diagnostic fluid. This review integrates recent studies and summarizes the research contents of salivaomics and the research progress of saliva in early diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases. This review aims to explore the value and prospect of saliva diagnosis in clinical application.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Saliva , Humanos , Saliva/química , Biomarcadores/análise , Diagnóstico Precoce , Biópsia
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