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1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(1): 28-32, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) involving the below-the-knee (BTK) arteries are at increased risk of limb loss. Despite improvement in endovascular modalities, it is still unclear whether an aggressive approach results in improved limb salvage. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether an aggressive approach to BTK arterial disease results in improved limb salvage. METHODS: A comparative study of two groups was conducted. Group 1 included patients treated between 2012 and 2014, primarily with transfemoral angioplasty of the tibial arteries. Group 2 included patients treated between 2015-2019 with a wide array of endovascular modalities (stents, multiple tibial artery and pedal angioplasty, retrograde access). Primary endpoint was freedom from amputation at 4 years. RESULTS: A total of 529 BTK interventions were performed. Mean age was 71 ± 10.6 years, 382 (79%) were male. Patients in group 1 were less likely to be taking clopidogrel (66% vs. 83%, P < 0.01) and statins (72 % vs. 87%, P < 0.01). Several therapeutic modalities were used more often in group 2 than in group 1, including pedal angioplasty (24 vs. 43 %, P = 0.01), tibial and pedal retrograde access (0 vs. 10%, P = 0.01), and tibial stenting (3% vs. 25%, P = 0.01). Revascularization of two or more tibial arteries was performed at a higher rate in group 2 (54% vs. 50%, P = 0.45). Estimated freedom from amputation at 40 months follow-up was higher in group 2 (53% vs. 63%, P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: An aggressive, multimodality approach in treating BTK arteries results in improved limb salvage.


Assuntos
Amputação , Angioplastia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia , Perna (Membro) , Salvamento de Membro , Doença Arterial Periférica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Artérias da Tíbia , Idoso , Amputação/métodos , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Israel , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Perna (Membro)/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/instrumentação , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Artérias da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Artérias da Tíbia/cirurgia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(2): 1041-1046, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517313

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of knee rotationplasty (KRP) as salvage surgery for uncontrolled infection and implant failure of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for sarcoma around the knee in adolescents and young adults (AYA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 33 patients who underwent KRP and were grouped based on the treatment received: initial surgery for sarcoma around the knee (n=18) or as salvage surgery (n=15). Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score, range of motion (ROM) and postoperative results were analyzed. RESULTS: All 15 patients who underwent salvage KRP had TKA as an initial surgery. Although there were five infections in salvage KRP, which originated from the initial TKA, all cases were controllable, no implant failure occurred. MSTS score and ROM were deemed acceptable in both groups. CONCLUSION: Salvage KRP is an effective option for uncontrolled complications of initial TKA for sarcoma around the knee.


Assuntos
Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rotação , Sarcoma/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 216(2): 421-427, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325735

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) is an occlusive inflammatory disease affecting small- and medium-sized vessels that causes decrease in life quality and eventually limb loss. The only proven treatment method is smoking cessation, but it may be insufficient for limb salvage in patients with critical limb ischemia. In this single-center retrospective study, the feasibility and efficiency of endovascular treatment in TAO were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS. After approval of the local institutional review board, 41 patients who underwent endovascular treatment of TAO between January 2014 and June 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. Technical success and procedure-related complications were recorded. Decrease in Rutherford classification score, relief of pain, and wound healing were evaluated to determine clinical success. Primary patency, limb salvage rate, and amputation-free survival were also evaluated. RESULTS. A total of 45 limbs were treated during the study period. Technical success was achieved in 82.2% of procedures. Mean follow-up was 29.8 months. Clinical improvement was achieved in 35 limbs. Three patients underwent major amputation and 12 patients underwent minor amputation. Amputation-free survival and limb salvage were both 93.3% at both 1 and 2 years. Reintervention was performed in 14 patients because of occlusion and clinical relapsing of the symptoms. CONCLUSION. Endovascular treatment of TAO is feasible, has a potential to prevent limb amputation in patients with critical limb ischemia, and has acceptable technical success and limb salvage rates. Because there is no consensus in treatment of TAO, prospective comparative studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of an endovascular approach.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Tromboangiite Obliterante/cirurgia , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tromboangiite Obliterante/complicações , Tromboangiite Obliterante/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(1): 33-38, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030116

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) created Objective Performance Goals (OPGs) for critical limb ischemia (CLI) in 2009. It was previously shown that endovascular therapy for CLI was not meeting these benchmarks. The OPG for all peripheral interventions is <8% for major adverse cardiac events (MACE), <8% for major adverse limb events (MALE), and <3% for major amputation. The goal of this study is to evaluate if outcomes have improved for CLI in recent years, specifically 2015-2018. METHODS: The Targeted Vascular Module from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) was queried to identify patients who underwent endovascular intervention for critical limb ischemia from 2011-2018. Cohorts were divided into 2011-2014 and 2015-2018. Primary 30-day outcomes were MACE, MALE, and major amputation. Univariate analyses were performed using the Fisher's exact test and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Multivariate analysis comparing groups was performed using inverse probability weights and trend over time analysis was performed using logistic regression with year of intervention as a continuous variable. RESULTS: From 2011 to 2018, 7,168 patients underwent an endovascular intervention for CLI. 28% were classified as "OPG high anatomic risk," and 17% were classified as "OPG high clinical risk." The 2015-2018 cohort vs. the 2011-14 cohort experienced MACE in 3.3% vs. 2.7% (p = .23), MALE in 9.1% vs. 8.9% (p = 0.83), and amputation in 4.0% vs. 4.2% (p = 0.71). When only high anatomic risk patients were considered (n = 1988), MACE was experienced in 2.4% vs. 2.2% (p = 0.87), MALE by 9.5% vs. 10.6% (p = 0.47) and amputation by 5.1% vs. 6.0% (p = 0.40). When only high clinical risk patients were considered (n = 1224), MACE was experienced in 5.2% vs. 3.9% (p = 0.33), MALE by 8.0% vs. 7.4% (p = 0.74) and amputation by 3.9% vs. 3.7% (p = 0.88). Comparing 2015-2018 to the reference 2011-2014, MALE adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.99, 95% CI [0.83-1.18], MACE AOR = 1.19 95% CI [0.88-1.60], and major amputation AOR = 0.91 95% CI [0.70-1.17]. There were no decreases in the trend over time for MALE (AOR per year 0.97, CI [.94-1.02], major amputation (AOR per year: 0.97, CI [0.91-1.03], nor for MACE (AOR per year: 1.05, CI [.98-1.13]). CONCLUSION: Outcomes following endovascular interventions for CLI continue to underperform when compared to OPG benchmarks for MALE and amputations. There is no decrease over time for these target outcomes. Target MACE events remain acceptable despite the increasing clinical complexity of patients being treated.


Assuntos
Benchmarking/normas , Procedimentos Endovasculares/normas , Isquemia/cirurgia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/normas , Estado Terminal , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Salvamento de Membro/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
5.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(1): 58-63, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report our clinical experience with IVUS-guided percutaneous deep vein arterialization (pDVA) to treat chronic critical limb ischemia (cCLI) patients with no-endovascular or surgical options approach due to creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a 2 years period, 14 no-option cCLI patients were treated with percutaneous deep vein arterialization (pDVA) by creating an AVF with a IVUS-guided system between posterior tibial artery and its satellite deep vein. Technical success was defined as successful AVF creation and venous perfusion of the wound site. Patients' characteristics, procedure details, mortality and wound outcomes were assessed prospectively. RESULTS: Successful pDVA was successfully performed in all patients (mean age 82 years) without any procedural complications. Clinical improvement was achieved in all patients with resolution of rest pain, tissue formation of granulation tissue or both; only 3 major amputations were performed within the study period with a limb salvage rate of 78%. Median wound healing time was 4.8 months. CONCLUSION: pDVA is a safe and feasible revascularization technique alternative in no-option cCLI patients.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Diabetes Mellitus , Pé/irrigação sanguínea , Isquemia/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artérias da Tíbia/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Veias/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Artérias da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/fisiopatologia , Cicatrização
6.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 38(1): 55-71, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220744

RESUMO

Non-weight bearing is mandatory after soft tissue reconstructions of the weight-bearing and the high-pressure areas in the lower extremity. The most common method of patient mobilization after surgical reconstruction of chronic foot and ankle wounds has been to place patients non-weight bearing with crutches, walkers, or a wheelchair. Often patients are older, have more complex medical comorbidities, are deconditioned, and simply cannot comply with the prescribed weight-bearing status with these methods, which leads to deconditioning, depression, or noncompliance. Noncompliance quickly leads to failure of the reconstructive effort and the serious threat of limb loss.


Assuntos
Deambulação Precoce , Fixadores Externos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Amputação , Membros Artificiais , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
7.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 38(1): 99-110, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220747

RESUMO

The induced membrane technique is a simple, effective, and reproducible treatment method for segmental bone defects. It is a 2-stage approach that requires eventual autologous bone graft to manage the deficit. The first stage requires debridement of all nonviable tissue while preserving a healthy soft tissue envelope. A polymethylmethacrylate is implanted between the osseous segments to maintain length. The osseous defect can be stabilized internally or externally. During the second stage, a vascularized induced membrane is formed and produces multiple growth factors. The induced membrane technique is a valuable option for limb salvage in cases of segmental bone defects.


Assuntos
Reação a Corpo Estranho , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Membranas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Membranas/metabolismo , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Autoenxertos , Regeneração Óssea , Osso Esponjoso/transplante , Desbridamento , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro/métodos
8.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 26(4): 33-41, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332304

RESUMO

The article deals with the use of a genetically engineered drug for stimulation of angiogenesis as a component of combined treatment of complications of ischaemic form of diabetic foot syndrome, showing comparative results of using therapeutic angiogenesis in patients in whom it was impossible to perform operative revascularization of the affected extremity, also providing a detailed description of the methodology of combined treatment of pyonecrotic complications of diabetic foot syndrome. The study included a total of 62 patients with pyonecrotic complications of Wagner grade III-IV diabetic foot syndrome. The patients were divided into two groups. Group One patients after minor amputation on the foot were assigned to receive conventional basic therapy and topical treatment of the foot wound with antiseptics and modern dressings. Group Two patients, besides basic therapy, additionally received combined treatment which was carried out in two stages and included urokinase, sulodexide, and a venotonic agent. Local treatment of the foot wound was performed with the help of two-stage vacuum therapy. Both groups were further subdivided into subgroups A and B. The patients in subgroups B of both groups in order to prevent progression of limb ischaemia were additionally given Neovasculgen, a genetically engineered drug for stimulation of angiogenesis. The patients of subgroups A of both groups did not receive this drug. The immediate results were assessed on the 1st, 7th and 14th days of treatment by the dynamics of changes in subjective symptoms, cytograms of the wound surface, level of partial pressure of oxygen in capillary blood of foot tissues, and the necessity to perform repeated necrectomy. The remote results were evaluated by the dynamics of changes in the pain-free walking distance, maximum distance walked, ankle-brachial index, linear velocity of blood flow through tibial arteries and partial pressure of oxygen in capillary blood of the affected limb at the 6th, 12th and 36th months after the performed treatment, as well as by the limb salvage and patients' survival during 3 years.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Amputação , Pé Diabético/complicações , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro , Período Pós-Operatório , Cicatrização
9.
Orv Hetil ; 161(45): 1914-1919, 2020 11 08.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161390

RESUMO

Összefoglaló. A malignus csonttumorok sebészi ellátása során kialakuló szegmentális csontdefektusok pótlása fontos szempont a végtagmegtartó sebészetben. Felnottkorban a megoldás rendszerint tumorprotézis beültetése, 10 évesnél fiatalabb gyermekeknél azonban ez nehezen alkalmazható módszer a kis csontméret és az igen magas várható szövodményarány miatt. A bemutatott, hazánkban még ritkán alkalmazott beavatkozás, a tumoros csontszegmentum mutét alatti sugárkezelése, visszaültetése megfelelo rekonstrukciós lehetoség a végtag funkciójának megtartása mellett, csökkentve a késobbi reoperációk, protézisrevíziók számát. Célkituzés: A hazánkban eddig az ismertetett módon végzett mutétek bemutatása, az eredmények összevetése nemzetközi irodalmi adatokkal. Módszer: Magyaroszágon eddig 12 alkalommal végeztünk végtagmegtartó mutétet malignus csonttumor miatt 12 évesnél fiatalabb gyermekeknél, és e mutétek során biológiai rekonstrukciós módszerként extracorporalis irradiatiót, autograft-reimplantatiót (ECRT, ECI) végeztünk. A mutétek mindegyike primer malignus csonttumor (Ewing-sarcoma 7 esetben, osteosarcoma 4 esetben, chondrosarcoma 1 esetben) miatt történt. Betegeink átlagéletkora 9 (3-12) év volt, az átlagos utánkövetési ido 32,5 (2-73) hónap. A felmérés során fizikális vizsgálat, valamint minden alkalommal röntgenfelvételek készítése történt, szükség esetén szövettani mintavétellel, vérelemzéssel vagy egyéb képalkotással kiegészítve. Eredményeinket nemzetközi irodalmi adatokkal hasonlítottuk össze. Eredmények: Lokális tumorkiújulást egyetlen esetben sem észleltünk, másik csontot érinto skip ('ugró') metastasis miatt egy alkalommal amputatiót végeztünk. A szövodmények tekintetében eredményeink megfelelnek a nemzetközi irodalomban leírtaknak. Két esetben jelentkezett szeptikus szövodmény (16,7%). A resectiós sík radiológiai átépülése 3-9 hónap alatt történt meg az esetek 60%-ában. Álízület, grafttörés, graft részleges elhalása miatt 3 esetben végeztünk reoperációt, kétszer újabb allograft felhasználásával, egy esetben pedig tumorprotézis beültetésével. Betegeink szubjektív véleménye a módszerrol pozitív, a legtöbb esetben megorizték jó fizikai aktivitásukat, az esetleges reoperációk ellenére végtagjukat terhelik, akár sporttevékenységet is végeznek. Következtetések: Vizsgálatunk alapján az extracorporalis irradiatio hasznos biológiai rekonstrukciós módszer 12 évesnél fiatalabb gyermekek esetében szegmentális csontdefektusok pótlására tumoros indikációval. A felmerülo szövodmények aránya alatta marad a hasonló korban beültetett tumorprotézisek szövodményarányainak, ideális esetben pedig több, további kiterjesztett mutét elkerülheto vele. Szövodmény esetén a késobbiekben tumorprotézis-beültetés mint végtagmegtartó vészmegoldás még mindig elvégezheto. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(45): 1914-1919. INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction of massive segmental bone defects is a crucial point of limb salvage surgeries after malignant bone tumor resections. Megaendoprostheses implantation is a commonly used method for adult patients, but hardly usable for children below 12 years old, because of the small size of the host bone and multiple mechanic complications. OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal irradiation and allograft reimplantation (ECRT, ECI) are promising methods for these young children for limb salvage, reducing the number of prostheses revisions, reoperations. METHOD: In Hungary, we performed limb salvage surgery for malignant bone tumor in 12 cases in children under 12 years old, using extracorporeally irradiated autografts as biological reconstruction. All cases were primary bone tumors (Ewing's sarcoma: 7, osteosarcoma: 4, chondrosarcoma: 1). The average age of our patients was 9 (3-12) years, the average follow-up was 32.5 (2-73) months. At follow-up, we performed physical examination, X-ray, and other imaging methods if they were necessary. Our results were compared to international publications. RESULTS: We observed no local recurrence, but in one case we had to perform above-knee amputation, due to a skip metastasis in the proximal tibia. The complication rates were similar to those reported in other papers. Septic complications were treated in two cases (16.7%). Total union of the resection lines was observed at 3-9 months in 60% of all cases. Reoperations were performed due to nonunion, or allograft fracture/partly desorganization in 3 cases, twice with new allograft, and with prostheses in one case. The subjective opinion of our patients is positive, they walk with full weightbearing, some of them do even light sporting activities. CONCLUSIONS: We found extracorporeal irradiation a useful and safe method for children under 12 years old for biological reconstruction after malignant bone tumor resection. Complication rate stays under the rate of growing prostheses complications, in optimal cases further radical, and extensive surgeries may be avoided. In the case of major complications, megaendoprostheses implantation later on is still an option as salvage procedure with limb salvage. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(45): 1914-1919.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Condrossarcoma , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Transplante Ósseo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Condrossarcoma/radioterapia , Condrossarcoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Hungria , Salvamento de Membro , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e22391, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181638

RESUMO

Although plantar thermography can evaluate the immediate perfusion result after an endovascular therapy (EVT) has been performed, a relevant wound outcome study is still lacking.This study was to investigate whether angiosome-based plantar thermography could predict wound healing and freedom from major amputation after EVT in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).All 124 patients with CLI (Rutherford category 5 and 6) who underwent EVT from January 2017 to February 2019 were prospectively enrolled. All patients received thermography both before and after EVT. Both wound healing and freedom from major amputation at the 6-month follow-up period were recorded. There were 61 patients in the healing group and 63 patients in the non-healing group, whereas the major amputation total was 14 patients. The mean pre- and post-EVT temperature of the foot was significantly higher in the healing group than in the non-healing group (30.78 °C vs 29.42 °C, P = .015; and 32.34 °C vs 30.96 °C, P = .004, respectively). DIFF2 was significantly lower in the non-healing group (-1.38 vs -0.90, P = .009). DIFF1 and DIFF2 were significantly lower in the amputation group (-1.85 °C vs -1.11 °C, P = .026; and -1.82 °C vs -1.08 °C, P = .004). Multivariate analysis showed that DIFF2 stood out as an independent predictor for freedom from major amputation (hazard ratio 0.51, P = .045). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed a DIFF2 cut-off value of -1.30 °C, which best predicts freedom from major amputation.Plantar thermography is associated with wound healing and helps predict freedom from major amputation in CLI patients undergoing EVT.


Assuntos
Extremidades/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Termografia/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Extremidades/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/complicações , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Termografia/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(11): 1567-1573, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135449

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to report the results of three forms of reconstruction for patients with a ditsl tibial bone tumour: an intercalary resection and reconstruction, an osteoarticular reconstruction, and arthrodesis of the ankle. METHODS: A total of 73 patients with a median age of 19 years (interquartile range (IQR) 14 to 36) were included in this retrospective, multicentre study. RESULTS: Reconstructions included intercalary resection in 17 patients, osteoarticular reconstruction in 11, and ankle arthrodesis in 45. The median follow-up was 77 months (IQR 35 to 130). Local recurrence occurred in eight patients after a median of 14 months (IQR 9 to 36), without a correlation with adequacy of margins or reconstructive technique. Major complications included fracture of the graft in ten patients, nonunion of the proximal osteotomy in seven, and infection in five. In the osteoarticular group, three of 11 patients developed radiological evidence of severe osteoarthritis, but only one was symptomatic and required conversion to ankle arthrodesis. Functional evaluation showed higher values of the Musculoskeletal Tumour Society (MSTS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores in the intercalary group compared with the others. CONCLUSION: Preservation of the epiphysis in patients with a distal tibial bone tumour is a safe and effective form of limb-sparing treatment. It requires rigorous preoperative planning after accurate analysis of the imaging. When joint-sparing resection is not indicated, ankle arthrodesis, either isolated tibiotalar or combined tibiotalar and subtalar arthrodesis, should be preferred over osteoarticular reconstruction. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(11):1567-1573.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Artrodese , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1226-1232, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063484

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the experience in the treatment of infection after limb salvage surgery for malignant tumor around knee joint, and explore the risk factor related to infection after limb salvage surgery. Methods: A clinical data of 212 patients with malignant tumor around the knee joint underwent limb salvage surgery between January 2008 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 14 cases had infection after limb salvage surgery. Two cases of acute infection were treated with sensitive antibiotics; 12 cases of chronic infection were treated with debridement and antibiotic bone cement occupying device implantation in the first stage, and prosthesis revision (8 cases), knee joint fusion (2 cases), or amputation (2 cases) in the second stage after infection control. The age, gender, preoperative chemotherapy cycle, bone marrow suppression, serum albumin, hemoglobin, operation time, postoperative drainage time, and blood transfusion volume were analyzed to screen the risk factors related to infection after limb salvage surgery. The infection and tumor recurrence were observed, and the limb function was evaluated by Enneking scoring system. Results: The univariate analysis showed that the preoperative chemotherapy cycle, bone marrow suppression, operation time, and postoperative drainage time were the influencing factors of postoperative infection ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the operation time, preoperative chemotherapy cycle, and postoperative drainage time were risk factors of postoperative infection ( P<0.05). Among the 14 patients, 1 patient died of traffic accident at 6 months after the second stage operation, and 13 patients were followed up 12.2-48.0 months (mean, 19.9 months). Two cases of acute infection cured. Among the 11 patients with chronic infection, 2 cases of subluxation of the antibiotic bone cement occupying device after the first stage operation occurred; 9 cases of infection cured and 2 cases recurred. At 12 months after operation, except 1 case died by accident, the Enneking scores of the other 13 patients were 12-26, with an average of 20. At last follow-up, 1 case of lung metastasis was still alive, and no tumor metastasis or recurrence was found in the rest. Conclusion: The time of limb salvage surgery, preoperative chemotherapy cycle, and drainage time after limb salvage surgery are the risk factors of infection after limb salvage surgery. Early etiological examination and drug sensitivity test is the key to the treatment of infection. One-stage debridement combined with antibiotic bone cement occupying device can effectively cure infection and save patients' limbs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Salvamento de Membro , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Vascular ; 28(6): 747-755, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare perioperative outcomes related to atherectomy with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty versus percutaneous transluminal angioplasty alone for the treatment of lower extremity chronic limb threatening ischemia using a national patient database. METHODS: Patients with chronic limb threatening ischemia treated with atherectomy and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty alone from 2011 to 2016 in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database were identified. Primary outcomes were major adverse limb events (30-day untreated loss of patency, major reintervention, major amputation) and major adverse cardiac events (cardiac arrest, composite outcome of myocardial infarction or stroke). Secondary outcomes included 30-day mortality, length of stay, and any unplanned readmission within 30 days. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to determine independent predictors of outcome. Propensity score matched cohort analysis was performed. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Subgroup analyses of femoropopliteal and infrapopliteal interventions were performed. RESULTS: In total, 2636 (77.2%) patients were treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and 778 (22.8%) were treated with atherectomy and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. Multivariate analyses of the unadjusted cohort revealed no significant differences in major adverse cardiac events or major adverse limb events between the two groups (p-value >0.05). Subgroup analysis of femoropopliteal interventions demonstrated a significantly decreased likelihood of untreated loss of patency in 30 days in the atherectomy group compared to the percutaneous transluminal angioplasty group (1.1% vs. 2.7%, respectively; p-value = 0.034), which persisted on propensity score matched analysis (1.1% vs. 3.1%, respectively; p-value = 0.026). CONCLUSION: Atherectomy with balloon angioplasty of femoropopliteal disease provides a significant decrease in untreated loss of patency compared to balloon angioplasty alone.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Aterectomia , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Idoso , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/mortalidade , Doença Crônica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
14.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1248-1255, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862679

RESUMO

AIMS: The treatment of tibial aplasia is controversial. Amputation represents the gold standard with good functional results, but is frequently refused by the families. In these patients, treatment with reconstructive limb salvage can be considered. Due to the complexity of the deformity, this remains challenging and should be staged. The present study evaluated the role of femoro-pedal distraction using a circular external fixator in reconstructive treatment of tibial aplasia. The purpose of femoro-pedal distraction is to realign the limb and achieve soft tissue lengthening to allow subsequent reconstructive surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving ten patients (12 limbs) with tibial aplasia, who underwent staged reconstruction. During the first operation a circular hexapod external fixator was applied and femoro-pedal distraction was undertaken over several months. Subsequent surgery included reconstruction of the knee joint and alignment of the foot. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 7.1 years (2 to 10). The mean age of the patients at the time of the application of the fixator was 2.3 years (1.1 to 5.0). The mean time under distraction was 139.7 days (81.0 to 177.0). A mean fibular distalization of 38.7 mm (14.0 to 67.0) was achieved. Pin infections occurred in four limbs (33.3%) and osteitis in one. A femoral fracture occurred in one patient. Premature removal of the frame was not required in any patient. Sufficient realignment of the leg as well as soft tissue lengthening was achieved in all patients, allowing subsequent reconstruction. All patients were able to mobilize fully weight bearing after reconstruction. Functional outcome was limited in all limbs, and five patients (50.0%) required additional reconstructive operations. CONCLUSION: Regarding the functional results in the treatment of tibial aplasia, amputation remains superior to limb salvage. The latter procedure should only be performed in patients whose parents refuse amputation. Femoro-pedal distraction efficiently prepares the limb by realigning the leg and soft tissue lengthening. Minor complications are frequent, but usually do not hinder the continuation of distraction. Even though a fully weight-bearing limb is achieved, the functional outcome of reconstructive treatment remains limited. Recurrent deformities frequently occur and may require further operations. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1248-1255.


Assuntos
Fixadores Externos , Osteogênese por Distração/métodos , Tíbia/anormalidades , Tíbia/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 55-60, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the immediate results of therapy and indirect revascularization in patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of medication and surgical treatment were analyzed in 210 patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs. Atherosclerosis obliterans was diagnosed in 142 patients, thromboangiitis obliterans - in 68 patients. Lesion of femoropopliteal segment was observed in 32 (15.2%) cases, popliteal-tibial segment - 68 (32.8%) patients, tibial and foot segment - 62 (29.5%) cases, foot - 31 (14.8%) cases, multiple-level lesion - 17 (8.1%) cases. Survey consisted of Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography, rheovasography with analysis of rheographic index (RI) and pulse oximetry. Circulatory parameters were compared with identical values in 48 almost healthy persons ("reference group"). The results of medication and surgical treatment were evaluated by using of the scale of Rutherford R.B. et al. (1997). RESULTS: Conservative treatment was performed in 48 patients (control group). The following types of indirect revascularization operations were performed to stimulate regional circulation: bone trepanation in 42 patients, lumbar sympathectomy in 51 patients, bone trepanation + lumbar sympathectomy in 38 patients, bone trepanation with intraosseous irradiation in 31 cases. CONCLUSION: Indirect revascularization improves early postoperative outcomes, ensures maintaining support function of the limb and active lifestyle in patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs. Technical simplicity of these procedures facilitates widespread introduction of indirect revascularization in multi-field hospitals.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/tratamento farmacológico , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/tratamento farmacológico , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/cirurgia , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Simpatectomia , Tromboangiite Obliterante/diagnóstico por imagem , Tromboangiite Obliterante/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboangiite Obliterante/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
18.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(10): 1661-1667, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy using the Rotarex catheter combined with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in treatment of femoropopliteal artery occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and February 2018, 81 patients with acute or subacute femoropopliteal artery occlusions were treated with the Rotarex catheter combined with DCB. Lesions were classified according to the onset of symptoms as acutely (< 14 d) or subacutely (14 d to 3 mo) occluded. The mean lesion length was 12.1 cm ± 6.7. The primary endpoint was target lesion patency at 1 year as evaluated by duplex ultrasound (peak systolic velocity ratio < 2.4) and freedom from clinically indicated target lesion revascularization. Amputation rate, major adverse events, and ankle-brachial index at 12 months were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100% (n = 81). Bailout stents were necessary in 14 patients owing to residual stenosis or flow-limiting dissection. Additional thrombolysis was applied in 10 interventions. No major adverse events occurred during hospital stay. There were 9 restenosis cases during the 12-month follow-up period. Primary patency rate was 87.3% (62/71), and freedom from target lesion revascularization rate was 90.1% (64/71). Ankle-brachial index significantly increased from 0.46 ± 0.15 to 0.77 ± 0.14 during follow-up. The amputation rate was 1.4% at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: These initial data from 2 centers suggest that the combination of the Rotarex catheter and DCB may be safe and effective for treatment of acute or subacute thrombotic femoropopliteal occlusion with superior immediate and midterm results achieved.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Artéria Femoral , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Trombectomia , Dispositivos de Acesso Vascular , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Pequim , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
19.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 167: 108355, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739379

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate clinical outcomes in patients who underwent diabetic foot surgery (DFS) managed directly by diabetologists in a third-level Centre over 15-year. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1.857 patients affected by diabetic foot (Age 67.1 ± 12.3 yrs, diabetes duration 19.2 ± 9.8 yrs, HbA1c 8.1 ± 2.0%) treated in our Department between 2001 and 2015 and divided them into 3 groups: Group 1, treated between 2001 and 2005 (448 pts), group 2, between 2006 and 2010 (540 pts) and Group 3, between 2011 and 2015 (869 pts). Main clinical outcomes [peripheral revascularization rate (PR), healing rate (HR), healing time (HT), recurrences after healing (R), major amputation (MA) and death (D) rates] were compared between groups. RESULTS: The overall outcomes of our cohort were: HR 81.6% (HT 143 ± 54 days), PR 84.8%, MA 4.9% and D 27.9%. There were no differences in clinical characteristics, except for age, higher (p < 0.05) in Group 3 (70.6 ± 14.7 yrs) than in Groups 1 (64.4 ± 11.6 yrs) and 2 (65.1 ± 11.2 yrs). No differences emerged when comparing HR and MA; HT was shorter (p < 0.05) in group 3 (104 ± 44 days) than in Group 2 (169 ± 72 days) and 1 (235 ± 67 days). D was higher (p < 0.05) in Group 3 (43.8%) than in Group 1 (23.1%) and 2 (28.1%). PR was 19.4% in Group 1, 28.1% in Group 2 and 53.8% in Group 3 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the increasing age and complexity of patients our data show improvement of outcomes throughout 15 years, probably due to better surgical techniques, more aggressive medical therapy and more effective treatment of critical limb ischemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/cirurgia , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Pé Diabético/mortalidade , Endocrinologistas , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Salvamento de Membro/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
20.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 271-284, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753875

RESUMO

Introduction: Previous studies have suggested that women with chroniclimb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) may have worse outcomes than men. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are sex-related differences in outcomes of patients with CLTI undergoing endovascular treatment with current endovascular technologies. Patients and Methods: Data were derived from the LIBERTY 360 study (NCT01855412). Hazard ratios and the respective 95% confidence intervals were synthesized to examine the association between sex and all-cause mortality, target vessel revascularization (TVR), major amputation, major adverse event (MAE) and major amputation/death up to 3 years of follow-up. Results: A total of 689 patients with CLTI (female: N=252 vs male: N=437) treated with any FDA approved or cleared device were included. The mean lesion length was 126.9±117.3mm and 127.4±113.3mm for the female and male patients, respectively. Although a slightly higher incidence of in-hospital mortality was observed in the female group (1.2% vs 0.0%, p=0.049), there was no difference in female vs male survival rates during follow-up. However, the risk of major amputation at 18 months was higher for the male group (male vs female: HR: 2.36; 95% CI: 1.09-5.12; p=0.030). No difference between the two groups was detected in terms of TVR or MAE during follow-up. Discussion: Data regarding sex-related disparity in outcomes after endovascular therapy of patients with CLTI are conflicting. Gender-related characteristics rather than biological sex characteristics might be the cause of these conflicting findings. Further studies are needed to evaluate the role of sex in revascularization outcomes among this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Isquemia/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia com Balão/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Isquemia/mortalidade , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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