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1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 621991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485208

RESUMO

Introduction: Nursing environment is a vast concept that traditionally has included a wide range of job characteristics and has been related to burnout and job satisfaction. For its measurement, the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PESNWI) stands out. However, shorter instruments are needed. The purpose of the study is to develop and test the Brief Nurses' Practice Environment (BNPE) Scale. Methods: The BNPE Scale was developed and tested in a sample of 210 Spanish nurses (data collection 2018). Results: Cronbach's alpha was 0.702. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), with an excellent fit, offered evidence of internal validity. Regarding validity, the BNPE Scale predicted both burnout and job satisfaction. Finally, evidence pointed out a cutoff score of <12 for low levels of practice environment and a cutoff score of >15 for higher levels in practice environment. Conclusions: The BNPE Scale is a short, easy-to-use measure that could be employed in major batteries assessing the quality of healthcare institutions.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Psicometria
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27102, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477148

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The turnover rate among kindergarten teachers in advanced countries is extremely high. As such, there is an urgent need to determine the reasons for this turnover and to identify ways to prevent it. The current study investigates the individual and environmental factors that impact kindergarten teachers' willingness to continue working.A total of 600 kindergarten teachers in Japan participated in this study. Participants responded to questionnaires regarding their willingness to continue working, mental health, work engagement, and the availability of social support. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze participants' data, with willingness to continue working for 5 or more years as the dependent variable. Additionally, Spearman rank correlation was used to examine the correlations between factors associated with willingness to continue working.Factors such as older age, living with a spouse, caring for younger children (up to 2 years old) at work, good mental health, and higher work engagement were significantly associated with teachers' higher willingness to continue working. Factors such as marriage, health and family problems, overtime work, issues with workplace childcare, and education policy, working time/day problems, human relations, and difficulties taking care of children were correlated with teachers' lack of willingness to continue working.The findings of this cross-sectional study suggest that welfare benefits and individual support systems could be key elements to encourage kindergarten teachers to continue working and could lead to their improved job satisfaction and mental health. Balanced work conditions and workers' high agreement with their workplace's overall childcare or educational policies may lead to lower turnover. Some programs - such as relationship counselling - could have a positive impact on teachers' mental health and job satisfaction.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas
3.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 31(3): 543-552, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483611

RESUMO

Background: The Burnout syndrome has been defined as a response to the chronic work-related stress typically found in professionals working in care service organizations. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing the prevalence of burnout syndrome and factors associated with burnout syndrome among nurses in public hospitals, Southwest Ethiopia, 2018. Method: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from February 1st, 2018 to April 1st, 2018. Total number of nurses who fulfill the inclusion criterias were enrolled. Data was collected using the predesigned tool. Data were entered using EPI INFO version 7 and was exported to statistical packages for social science (SPSS) version 21.0 for analysis. Logistic regression was employed and odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used. Variables with a P value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 282 eligible nurses were enrolled in the study with a mean age of 28.71 [SD ±7.047]. The prevalence of burnout syndrome among nurses was 96(34%). Predictor variables like; educational status, job title, work experience, fatigue, and social support were found to be strong predictor variables for burnout syndrome. Conclusion: This study revealed that a considerable proportion of nurses had burnout syndrome. Therefore, improved educational status and strong social support should be encouraged among nurses working in the health setting for the betterment of health care services, job satisfaction and quality of care in general.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486849

RESUMO

The organizational (corporate) culture is relevant to beliefs and values existing in the organization during long time and also to behavior practices of personnel effecting attitude to work and interpersonal communications. The healthy corporate culture promotes development of positive reputation of physicians, trust and loyalty of patients and medical personnel. It also supports higher compliance to therapy, culture of treatment and forms corresponding behavior of patient (increasing of preventive activities). The purpose of study is to consider opportunities of organizational culture of medical institutions in promoting loyalty of personnel and decreasing of stuff turnover.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Lealdade ao Trabalho , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 55: 56, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluating safety culture in the perception of professionals working in public hospitals of the Unified Health System (SUS) of Distrito Federal, Brazil, three years after the implementation of the National Patient Safety Program (PNSP). METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in eleven public hospitals using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in electronic format. Stratified sampling was estimated according to the proportion of the total number of professionals in each hospital, as well as the representativeness of each professional group. The results of the total score and domains equal to or greater than 75 were considered positive. Descriptive and inferential analyses of professional groups and hospitals were carried out. RESULTS: 909 professionals participated. The total score by professional group was negative (62.5 to 69.5) and the domains differed statistically in all cases. The eleven hospitals had a negative total score (61.5 to 68.6). The domains to attain positive performance were job satisfaction, stress recognition and teamwork climate. The lowest results were in working conditions and management perception domains, for which none of the hospitals had an average above 75. Differences were also found for domain means across hospitals, except in management perception. DISCUSSION: Three years after the implementation of PNSP, the safety culture in eleven hospitals evaluated was weak, although the domains of job satisfaction, stress recognition and teamwork climate had positive results. The results can contribute to decision-making by managers, as safety culture is an essential element in the implementation of patient safety policy.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Cultura Organizacional , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Segurança do Paciente , Percepção , Gestão da Segurança , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Nurs Adm Q ; 45(4): 338-345, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469392

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused significant nurse stress and contributed to burnout for a number of reasons, including but not limited to personal protective equipment shortages, furloughs, overtime, reassignment to unfamiliar work environments, and alternate staffing patterns, all of which contribute to grief, loss, fear, and anger. While the nursing profession and employers offered support and psychological first-aid resources, there was a disconnect in effectively linking stressed nurses with these needed resources. An innovative statewide pilot project in Arizona, RNconnect 2 Wellbeing, was created to determine whether nurses might respond to and use supportive resources via opt-in text messages. Over a 12-week enrollment trial, 2997 nurse users opted to receive brief, twice weekly, well-being text messages about subjects, such as increasing awareness, self-care, and gratitude. By the end of the pilot, 2777 nurse users remained enrolled (7% opt out). Convenience evaluation surveys were conducted at midpoint (n = 294) and pilot completion (n = 404). Satisfaction with the messages ranged from 73% to 86%. Forty-eight percent indicated they had integrated the resources into their daily lives. RNconnect 2 Wellbeing, an innovative and cost-effective approach to communicating with nurses, has laid the groundwork for the use of technology via brief text messages to improve nurse well-being.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adulto , Idoso , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Projetos Piloto , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200539, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the nurse professional practice environment of neonatal units and its relationship with the levels and main sources of occupational stress. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive, exploratory, correlational study performed with nursing professionals of neonatal units of four public hospitals. A sociodemographic/professional questionnaire, the Brazilian version of Practice Environment Scale, and the Work Stress Scale were applied. In the analysis, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson chi-squared, Likelihood Ratio, and Mann Whitney U tests were adopted for association among variables. RESULTS: Participating professionals amounted to 269. The practice environment was evaluated as favorable by more than half of the sample (63.6%), showing a significant statistical association which was inversely proportional with occupational stress (p < 0.001). The insufficient number of professionals for quality care was the major source of stress for nursing technicians, whereas teamwork with doctors was the predominant factor for the evaluation of environment quality and high stress levels of nurses. CONCLUSION: Unfavorable practice environments increase the stress levels of nursing professionals in neonatal units and may compromise patient safety.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Estresse Ocupacional , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Prática Profissional , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488263

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the occurrence level of depressive symptoms and it's influencing factors among gas field workers. Methods: In October 2018, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 1726 gas field workers from a gas field by using cluster sampling method. Questionaire was used to evaluate the individual factors, depressive symptoms, occupational stress factors and stress regulatory factors. The correlation between depressive symptoms and occupational stress was analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of depressive symptoms. Results: The depressive symptoms score of gas field workers was 12.00 (7.00, 19.00) point. Correlation analysis revealed that depressive symptoms score was positively related to sleep disorders (r=0.598) , effort (r=0.186) , daily tension (r=0.478) , negative affectivity (r=0.565) , social support (r=0.446) and monotony of work (r=0.484) (P<0.01) . And it was negatively related to reward (r=-0.386) , work stability (r=-0.294) , promotion opportunities (r=-0.258) , positive affectivity (r= -0.310) , self-efficacy (r=-0.312) , contral strategy (r=-0.268) , support strategy (r=-0.209) and job satisfaction (r=-0.398) (P<0.01) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that sleep disorder, high negative affectivity, low support from colleagues, low support from family, high monotony of work and high daily tension were the risk factors for depressive symptoms of gas field worker (OR=3.423, 95%CI: 2.644-4.397; OR=2.847, 95%CI: 2.200-3.683; OR=1.646, 95%CI: 1.215-2.116; OR=1.496, 95%CI: 1.164-1.923; OR=1.578, 95%CI: 1.227-2.303; OR=1.903, 95%CI: 1.480-2.440; P<0.01) . High work stability, high self-efficacy and high job satisfaction were protective factors for depressive symptoms of gas field workers (OR=0.752, 95%CI: 0.591-0.958; OR=0.590, 95%CI: 0.465-0.749; OR=0.718, 95%CI: 0.516-0.999; P<0.05) . Conclusion: Occupational stress factors have a great influence on the depressive symptoms of gas field workers. Increased work stability, self-efficacy and job satisfaction could reduce the risk of depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
Depressão , Estresse Ocupacional , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1507, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In China, as the "gatekeepers"of rural residents' health, the primary-level village doctors, play a very crucial role in ensuring and serving the health level of rural residents. However, the burnout of village doctors is gravely threatening the stability of rural primary medical system step by step. This study systematically evaluated the effects of personality, work engagement and alexithymia on burnout of village doctors, and further measured and assessed the mediating effect of alexithymia and work engagement in the association between personality and burnout. METHODS: The subjects were 2684 village doctors in Jining, Shandong Province, China, from May to June 2019. Sociodemographic characteristics, alexithymia, personality, work engagement and job burnout were quantitated by self-completed questionnaire and measured by Likert 5-7 scale. One-way ANOVA, Person correlation analysis, and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) were used for statistical analysis and mediating effect evaluation. RESULTS: 2693 questionnaires were collected in total, of which 2684 were valid, with an effective rate of 96.2%. 65.2% of village doctors were diagnosed with burnout, and 54.3% showed moderate to severe emotional exhaustion, 61.6% showed moderate to severe low sense of personal achievement, and 33.9% showed moderate to severe depersonalization burnout. Personality had a direct positive effect on work engagement (ß = 0.50, p < 0.001), a direct negative effect on alexithymia (ß = - 0.52, p < 0.001) and burnout (ß = - 0.50, p < 0.001) respectively. Work engagement had a direct negative effect on burnout (ß = - 0.10, p < 0.001), while alexithymia had a direct positive effect on burnout (ß = 0.16, p < 0.001). In the path between personality and burnout, both work engagement 95%CI:(- 0.17)-(- 0.08), and alexithymia 95%CI:(- 0.36)-(- 0.09), have significant mediating effects. These results strongly confirm that personality, alexithymia, and work engagement are early and powerful predicators of burnout. CONCLUSION: According to the results, medical administrators should pay attention to the personality characteristics of village doctors in vocational training, practice selection and job assignment, encourage village doctors to reflect on their own personality actively, and to reduce job burnout by obtaining necessary social support, constructing reasonable achievable career expectations, improving time management ability, and participating in psychological counselling programs.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Médicos de Atenção Primária , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Engajamento no Trabalho
13.
Work ; 69(4): 1351-1362, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Creativity is essential to the work of occupational therapy practitioners. Nonetheless, little is known about the way it influences their work satisfaction. OBJECTIVE: This study explores several internal and external factors related to organizational, personal, and socio-relational sources of creativity. Our main hypothesis was that occupational therapy practitioners are more satisfied when creative. METHODS: A mixed-methods study included a qualitative (n = 22) and a quantitative (n = 250) phase. Data were gathered using focus group interviews and an online survey, where a novel assessment instrument -the Creativity in Occupational Therapy Questionnaire -was administered. RESULTS: The synthesis of the results revealed that factors connected with the client, the practitioner's personal characteristics, the work environment, relationships with colleagues and relationships with superiors all influenced the creativity of occupational therapy practitioners, in negative or positive ways. Professional autonomy and a supportive work environment were found to be important for the creativity of occupational therapy practitioners. Creativity at work had a statistically significant influence on work satisfaction of occupational therapy practitioners (B = 0.575, t = 6.267, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate the importance of creativity for job satisfaction of occupational therapy practitioners and suggest a dynamic reciprocal relationship between different factors and circumstances that should be considered when fostering creativity at work.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Terapia Ocupacional , Criatividade , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
14.
Med Lav ; 112(4): 264-267, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446681

RESUMO

In recent years, researchers identified a "reproducibility crisis" of scientific studies. In assessing job stress and burnout in psychosocial research two biases that prevent the results from being generalized are common: sample bias (included web survey) and common method bias using questionnaires. These issues are commented and remedies are proposed to prevent or contain biases.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estresse Ocupacional , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200521, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze, from an organizational perspective, the problem of nurse burnout in highly complex public hospitals in Chile. METHOD: Multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study. According to established inclusion criteria, the universe of hospitals and nurses was the object of work. Data collection was carried out through a nurse survey. Work environment was measured with the instrument Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index, staffing through the nurses' report on patient load, and burnout with the Maslach Burnout Inventory emotional exhaustion subscale. RESULTS: Thirty-four hospitals (92%) and 1,395 nurses (75.3%) participated in the study. The prevalence of burnout was 34.7%, being higher in Santiago than in other regions of the country (p = 0.001). The logistic regression analyses showed a significant association between work environment and burnout (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.41-0.79, p = 0.001). No association was established between staffing, skill mix and burnout. CONCLUSION: A high percentage of nurses in Chile has burnout, which is significantly associated with the quality of the environment. The implementation of organizational strategies to improve work environments could reduce burnout and improve the quality of care.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Chile/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
16.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255510, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel virus outbreaks, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may increase psychological distress among frontline workers. Psychological distress may lead to reduced performance, reduced employability or even burnout. In the present study, we assessed experienced psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic from a self-determination theory perspective. METHODS: This mixed-methods study, with repeated measures, used surveys (quantitative data) combined with audio diaries (qualitative data) to assess work-related COVID-19 experiences, psychological need satisfaction and frustration, and psychological distress over time. Forty-six participants (nurses, junior doctors, and consultants) completed 259 surveys and shared 60 audio diaries. Surveys and audio diaries were analysed separately. RESULTS: Quantitative results indicated that perceived psychological distress during COVID-19 was higher than pre-COVID-19 and fluctuated over time. Need frustration, specifically autonomy and competence, was positively associated with psychological distress, while need satisfaction, especially relatedness, was negatively associated with psychological distress. In the qualitative, thematic analysis, we observed that especially organisational logistics (rostering, work-life balance, and internal communication) frustrated autonomy, and unfamiliarity with COVID-19 frustrated competence. Despite many need frustrating experiences, a strong connection with colleagues and patients were important sources of relatedness support (i.e. need satisfaction) that seemed to mitigate psychological distress. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in an increase of psychological distress among frontline workers. Both need frustration and need satisfaction explained unique variance of psychological distress, but seemed to originate from different sources. Challenging times require healthcare organisations to better support their professionals by tailored formal and informal support. We propose to address both indirect (e.g. organisation) and direct (e.g. colleagues) elements of the clinical and social environment in order to reduce need frustration and enhance need satisfaction.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444104

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the market environment for the information technology (IT) industry changed dramatically, presenting companies with numerous obstacles in day-to-day management activities and changing business needs. Previous studies found that job insecurity due to COVID-19 significantly impacted millennials. Our research explored the effect of job insecurity on counterproductive work behavior among millennial employees during the COVID-19 period, using moral disengagement as a mediating variable, and psychological capital and negative emotions as moderating variables. In this study, 298 employees working in Chinese IT companies completed the questionnaire survey. We collected data from employees over three different time intervals (baseline, three weeks later, and six weeks later) to mitigate the issues of common method bias and single-source data. We analyzed the collected data using SPSS25.0 and Amos24.0 for structural modeling. Our research results indicate that job insecurity is positively associated with counterproductive work behavior, and moral disengagement plays a mediating role. In addition, psychological capital moderates the relationship between job insecurity, moral disengagement, and counterproductive work behavior. Negative emotions also moderate the mediating effect of moral disengagement between job insecurity and CWB.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Emprego , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Princípios Morais , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444089

RESUMO

As safety has been attracting the attention of all countries worldwide, the importance of safety professionals in safety management systems has been emphasized, which has consistently increased their workload. However, with the increase in work pressure, the income, social status, and social identity of safety professionals has not considerably improved, because of which the work motivation of safety professionals has reduced. Therefore, we aimed to identify the job burnout level (JBL) and its potential influencing factors among safety professionals in China. A total of 526 safety professionals from various industries participated. A univariate analysis of variance, independent sample t-test, bivariate correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were employed to analyze the situation of job burnout. An overwhelming majority of the safety professionals (98.3%) who participated in the questionnaire exhibited varying degrees of job burnout. The numbers of respondents with higher than normal emotional exhaustion (EE), lack of personal accomplishment (LPA), and depersonalization (DP) levels were 68, 474, and 381, respectively, accounting for 12.9%, 90.1%, and 72.4% of the total respondents, respectively. When different demographic characteristics were reviewed, the job burnout levels considerably varied. For example, male safety professionals (n = 434) exhibited higher levels of EE than female safety professionals (n = 92) (p = 0.025) because female safety professionals could release the dissatisfaction or stress they had encountered at work easily, but male safety professionals could not. Educational background had little effect on LPA (p > 0.05) and EE (p > 0.05), which indicated that job burnout was a general problem at all educational levels. The higher the age of respondents, the higher the level of LPA (p < 0.001). In addition to individual factors, work-related factors also had an impact on job burnout. For instance, monthly income had an impact on EE (p = 0.023) but had little impact on DP (p > 0.05). Furthermore, social, organizational, professional, and personal factors also had an impact on job burnout among safety professionals. Hence, to begin with, these aspects could be considered to alleviate the work pressure of safety professionals and reduce their job burnout levels.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Satisfação no Emprego , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26828, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397847

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between mental health (posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety disorder, and burnout) and intention to resign, and influencing factors regarding nurses involved with COVID-19 patients in A Prefecture as subjects.The design is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.Methods are conducted between August 4 and October 26, 2020. Basic attributes (gender, age, years of experience, etc.) were examined. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Maslach Burnout Inventory, "intent to resign," were used to collect data from nurses working at hospitals treating patients with COVID-19 in Japan.As a result, between 20% and 30% of nurses involved with patients with COVID-19 are in a state of high mental distress. Regarding the associations between psychiatric symptoms and intention to resign, "I want to quit being a nurse" was affected by "cynicism" and "professional efficacy"; "I want to change hospitals/wards" was affected by "cynicism"; and "subthreshold depression," "anxiety disorder," and "burnout" affected "I want to continue working as a nurse." The increase in the number of patients with COVID-19 was a factor affecting mental health and intention to resign. When the number of patients increased, anxiety disorders and intention to resign also increased. Damage from harmful rumors increased the severity of every psychiatric symptom. To prepare for a pandemic such as COVID-19, it is necessary in normal times to construct psychological support systems and community systems to prevent damage from harmful rumors.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Intenção , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Adulto , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/métodos , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/normas , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1594, 2021 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accumulated evidence has shown how professional drivers are, in psychosocial terms, among the most vulnerable workforces, and how their crashes (some of them preceded by stressful working conditions) constitute both an occupational and public health concern. However, there is a clear lack of validated tools for measuring stress and other key hazardous issues affecting transport workers, and most of the existing ones, frequently generic, do not fully consider the specific features that properly describe the work environment of professional driving. This study assessed the psychometric properties, convergent validity and consistency of two measures used for researching occupational stress among professional drivers: the Siegrist's ERI (Effort-Reward Imbalance Inventory) and Karasek's JCQ (Job Content Questionnaire). METHODS: We examined the data collected from 726 Spanish professional drivers. Analyses were performed using Structural Equation Models, thus obtaining basic psychometric properties of both measures and an optimized structure for the instruments, in addition to testing their convergent validity. RESULTS: The results suggest that the abbreviated versions of ERI (10 items) and JCQ (20 items) have clear dimensional structures, high factorial weights, internal consistency and an improved fit to the task's dynamics and hazards, commonly faced by of professional drivers; a short set of items with low psychometrical adjustment was excluded, and the root structure of the questionnaires was kept. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the value and reliability of ERI-10 and JCQ-20 for measuring job stress among professional drivers. Also, there is a high consistency between both measures of stress, even though they belong to different theoretical conceptions of the phenomenon. In practical settings, these instruments can be useful for occupational researchers and practitioners studying stress-related issues from the perspective of human factors.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Recompensa , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
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