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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427552

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile bacterial strain, designated SW124T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the Indian Ocean. SW124T was aerobic and catalase-positive. The strain grew at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-8.6 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-9.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0%). The results of comparative analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that SW124T was grouped in the vicinity of the genus Rhodonellum in the family Cyclobacteriaceae. The quinone system contained menaquinone MK-7. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). SW124T contained phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as the major polar lipid. The genomic DNA G+C content of SW124T was 41.7 mol%. On the basis of its phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic data, we propose that strain SW124T (=CGMCC 1.16171T=KCTC 82235T) represents a novel species of a novel genus, with the name Pararhodonellum marinum gen. nov., sp. nov.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431767

RESUMO

In this study, we report a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-pigmented, motile and aerobic bacterium named strain MTZ26T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment sampled at a cold seep in the South China Sea. Growth of strain MTZ26T occurred at 4-40 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, 7.0-8.0) and with 1.0-11.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 6.0-8.0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MTZ26T belonged to the genus Psychrosphaera and was closely related to Psychrosphaera aestuarii PSC101T (97.5 % sequence similarity) and Psychrosphaera haliotis KDW4T (97.5 %). Genomic analysis indicated that strain MTZ26T contains a circular chromosome of 3 331 814 bp with G+C content of 42.2 mol%. The predominant respiratory quinone of MTZ26T was ubiquinone-8. The polar lipids of MTZ26T contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminophospholipid and one unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids of strain MTZ26T contained C15:0, C16:0, C17:0, C17 : 1 ω8c, C10 : 0 3-OH, C11 : 0 3-OH, C15 : 1 ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c or/and C18 : 1 ω6c). Results of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological analyses suggested that strain MTZ26T represents a novel species of the genus Psychrosphaera, and the name Psychrosphaera ytuae sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain MTZ26T (=MCCC 1K05568T=JCM 34321T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346863

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped strains, FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726, were isolated from rhizosphere sediment of plant Cyperus malaccensis. Phylogenetic analysis based on their 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726 were affiliated to the genus Shewanella (forming an independent cluster) with the highest sequence similarity to the type strain of Shewanella algae. Optimum growth of both strains was observed at 30 °C and pH 7. The respiratory quinones were Q-7, Q-8 and MK-7. The polar lipid profile included phosphatidylmethyl ethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid and four unknown phospholipids. The major fatty acids of strains FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726 were iso-C15:0, C17 : 1 ω8c and summed feature 3. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain FJAT-53720T was 55.6 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between FJAT-53720T and FJAT-53726 were 97.4 and 77.9 %, confirming that they were similar species and hence FJAT-53720T was selected for further analysis. The ANI and dDDH values between FJAT-53720T and other members of the genus Shewanella were below the cut-off level (95-96 %; 70 %) for species delineation. Based on the above results, FJAT-53720T represents a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella cyperi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FJAT-53720T (=KCTC 82444T=GDMCC 1.2207T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Shewanella , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Cyperus/microbiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Shewanella/classificação , Shewanella/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/química , Áreas Alagadas
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369861

RESUMO

Denitrification is a vital link in the global bio-nitrogen cycle. Here, we isolated a strain (M9-3-2T) that is a novel benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-tolerant, anaerobic and aerobic denitrifying bacterium from a continuous BaP-enrichment cultured mangrove sediment. In silico comparative genomics and taxonomic analysis clearly revealed that strain M9-3-2T (=MCCC 1K03313T=JCM 32045T) represents a novel species of a novel genus named as Nitrogeniibacter mangrovi gen. nov., sp. nov., belonging to family Zoogloeaceae, order Rhodocyclales. In addition, the species Azoarcus pumilus is transferred into genus Aromatoleum and named Aromatoleum pumilum comb. nov. The predominant respiratory quinone of strain M9-3-2T was ubiquinone-8 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified aminophospholipids. In this study, the capacity of strain M9-3-2T to eliminate nitrate was detected under anaerobic and aerobic conditions, and the removal rates of nitrate were 6.1×10-6 µg N/l/h/cell and 3×10-7 µg N/l/h/cell, respectively. Our results suggested that strain M9-3-2T could play an important role in the nitrogen removal regardless of the presence of oxygen in natural or/and man-made ecosystems.


Assuntos
Azoarcus , Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Anaerobiose , Azoarcus/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Áreas Alagadas
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370661

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated SS33T and Y03T, were isolated from marine sediment and marine red alga collected on the coast of Weihai, PR China. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain SS33T was found to be closely related to Primorskyibacter marinus PX7T, Pelagivirga dicentrarchi YLY04T, Palleronia marisminoris DSM 26347T and Maribius pontilimi GH1-23T with 94.8, 94.6, 94.5 and 94.5 % sequence similarity; strain Y03T was found to be closest to Flavivirga aquimarina EC2D5T, Flavivirga eckloniae ECD14T and Flavivirga amylovorans JC2681T with 96.4, 96.1 and 96.0 % sequence similarity. Strain SS33T grew at 4-37 °C (optimum, 33 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 0-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis of strain SS33T showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified polar lipid and two unidentified aminolipids. Strain Y03T grew at 15-40 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in the presence of 0.5-9.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0%). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The major fatty acids (>10.0 %) included iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids included phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and four unidentified polar lipids. Based on the polyphasic data, strain SS33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Palleronia, for which the name Palleronia sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SS33T (=KCTC 62986T=MCCC 1H00387T). Strain Y03T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavivirga, for which the name Flavivirga algicola sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Y03T (=KCTC 72001T=MCCC 1H00386T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388084

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated SW136T, was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SW136T represented a novel member of the genus Aurantimonas, forming a distinct cluster with 'Aurantimonas litoralis', Aurantimonas coralicida and Aurantimonas manganoxydans (98.2, 98.1 and 97.9% sequence similarity, respectively). The predominant cellular fatty acid of strain SW136T was C18 : 1 ω7c. Strain SW136T contained ubiquinone-10 as the dominant respiratory quinone, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 64.3 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of strain SW136T with A. coralicida CGMCC 1.12222T and A. manganoxydans CGMCC 1.12225T were 78.8 and 78.6 % and 21.5 and 25.5 %, respectively. On the basis of phylogenetic inference and phenotypic characteristics, we propose that strain SW136T represents a novel species of the genus Aurantimonas, with the name Aurantimonas marina sp. nov. The type strain is SW136T (=CGMCC 1.17725T=KCTC 82366T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398727

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and facultatively aerobic bacterial strain, designated F7430T, was isolated from coastal sediment collected at Jingzi Wharf in Weihai, PR China. Cells of strain F7430T were 0.3-0.4 µm wide, 2.0-2.6 µm long, non-flagellated, non-motile and formed pale-beige colonies. Growth was observed at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.5-8.0) and at NaCl concentrations of 1.0-10.0 % (w/v; optimum, 1.0 %). The sole respiratory quinone of strain F7430T was ubiquinone 8 and the predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c / C18 : 1 ω6c; 60.7 %), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c; 30.2 %) and C15 : 0 iso (13.9 %). The polar lipids of strain F7430T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid and three unidentified lipids. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequences analyses indicated that this strain belonged to the family Halieaceae and had high sequence similarities to Parahaliea aestuarii JCM 51547T (95.3 %) and Halioglobus pacificus DSM 27932T (95.2 %) followed by 92.9-95.0 % sequence similarities to other type species within the aforementioned family. The rpoB gene sequences analyses indicated that the novel strain had the highest sequence similarities to Parahaliea aestuarii JCM 51547T (82.2 %) and Parahaliea mediterranea DSM 21924T (82.2 %) followed by 75.2-80.5 % sequence similarities to other type species within this family. Phylogenetic analyses showed that strain F7430T constituted a monophyletic branch clearly separated from the other genera of family Halieaceae. Whole-genome sequencing of strain F7430T revealed a 3.3 Mbp genome size with a DNA G+C content of 52.6 mol%. The genome encoded diverse metabolic pathways including the Entner-Doudoroff pathway, assimilatory sulphate reduction and biosynthesis of dTDP-l-rhamnose. Based on results from the current polyphasic study, strain F7430T is proposed to represent a novel species of a new genus within the family Halieaceae, for which the name Sediminihaliea albiluteola gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is F7430T (=KCTC 72873T=MCCC 1H00420T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406920

RESUMO

A novel mesophilic and aerobic ammonia-oxidizing archaeon of the phylum Thaumarchaeota, strain NM25T, was isolated from coastal eelgrass zone sediment sampled in Shimoda (Japan). The cells were rod-shaped with an S-layer cell wall. The temperature range for growth was 20-37 °C, with an optimum at 30 °C. The pH range for growth was pH 6.1-7.7, with an optimum at pH 7.1. The salinity range for growth was 5-40 %, with an optimum range of 15-32 %. Cells obtained energy from ammonia oxidation and used bicarbonate as a carbon source. Utilization of urea was not observed for energy generation and growth. Strain NM25T required a hydrogen peroxide scavenger, such as α-ketoglutarate, pyruvate or catalase, for sustained growth on ammonia. Growth of strain NM25T was inhibited by addition of low concentrations of some organic compounds and organic mixtures, including complete inhibition by glycerol, peptone and yeast extract. Phylogenetic analysis of four concatenated housekeeping genes (16S rRNA, rpoB, rpsI and atpD) and concatenated AmoA, AmoB, AmoC amino acid sequences indicated that the isolate is similar to members of the genus Nitrosopumilus. The closest relative is Nitrosopumilus ureiphilus PS0T with sequence similarities of 99.5 % for the 16S rRNA gene and 97.2 % for the amoA gene. Genome relatedness between strain NM25T and N. ureiphilus PS0T was assessed by average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization, giving results of 85.4 and 40.2 %, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain NM25T represents a novel species of the genus Nitrosopumilus, for which the name sp. nov, is proposed. The type strain is NM25T (=NBRC 111181T=ATCC TSD-147T).


Assuntos
Amônia , Archaea , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Áreas Alagadas , Archaea/classificação , Archaea/isolamento & purificação , Genes Arqueais , Japão , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxirredução , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Nature ; 596(7870): 87-91, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321662

RESUMO

Molecular phylogeny indicates that metazoans (animals) emerged early in the Neoproterozoic era1, but physical evidence is lacking. The search for animal fossils from the Proterozoic eon is hampered by uncertainty about what physical characteristics to expect. Sponges are the most basic known animal type2,3; it is possible that body fossils of hitherto-undiscovered Proterozoic metazoans might resemble aspect(s) of Phanerozoic fossil sponges. Vermiform microstructure4,5, a complex petrographic feature in Phanerozoic reefal and microbial carbonates, is now known to be the body fossil of nonspicular keratosan demosponges6-10. This Article presents petrographically identical vermiform microstructure from approximately 890-million-year-old reefs. The millimetric-to-centimetric vermiform-microstructured organism lived only on, in and immediately beside reefs built by calcifying cyanobacteria (photosynthesizers), and occupied microniches in which these calcimicrobes could not live. If vermiform microstructure is in fact the fossilized tissue of keratose sponges, the material described here would represent the oldest body-fossil evidence of animals known to date, and would provide the first physical evidence that animals emerged before the Neoproterozoic oxygenation event and survived through the glacial episodes of the Cryogenian period.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Ecossistema , Fósseis , Poríferos/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Cálcio , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , História Antiga , Fotossíntese , Filogenia
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4403, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285238

RESUMO

Sulfur cycling is ubiquitous in sedimentary environments, where it mediates organic carbon remineralization, impacting both local and global redox budgets, and leaving an imprint in pyrite sulfur isotope ratios (δ34Spyr). It is unclear to what extent stratigraphic δ34Spyr variations reflect local aspects of the depositional environment or microbial activity versus global sulfur-cycle variations. Here, we couple carbon-nitrogen-sulfur concentrations and stable isotopes to identify clear influences on δ34Spyr of local environmental changes along the Peru margin. Stratigraphically coherent glacial-interglacial δ34Spyr fluctuations (>30‰) were mediated by Oxygen Minimum Zone intensification/expansion and local enhancement of organic matter deposition. The higher resulting microbial sulfate reduction rates led to more effective drawdown and 34S-enrichment of residual porewater sulfate and sulfide produced from it, some of which is preserved in pyrite. We identify organic carbon loading as a major influence on δ34Spyr, adding to the growing body of evidence highlighting the local controls on these records.


Assuntos
Bactérias Anaeróbias/metabolismo , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Ferro/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sulfetos/metabolismo , Enxofre/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Ciclo do Carbono , Geografia , Sedimentos Geológicos/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Ferro/química , Oxirredução , Peru , Sulfetos/química , Isótopos de Enxofre/análise
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214025

RESUMO

A strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain R1DC9T, was isolated from sediments of a mangrove stand on the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia via diffusion chamber cultivation. Strain R1DC9T grew at 20-40 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6-10 (optimum, pH 8) and 3-11 % NaCl (optimum, 7-9 %) in the cultivation medium. The genome of R1DC9T was 4 661 901 bp long and featured a G+C content of 63.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and whole-genome multilocus sequence analysis using 120 concatenated single-copy genes revealed that R1DC9T represents a distinct lineage in the order Cytophagales and the phylum Bacteroidetes separated from the Roseivirgaceae and Marivirgaceae families. R1DC9T displayed 90 and 89 % 16S rRNA gene sequence identities with Marivirga sericea DSM 4125T and Roseivirga ehrenbergii KMM 6017T, respectively. The predominant quinone was MK7. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unknown phospholipids and two unknown lipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were the saturated branch chain fatty acids iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C17 : 0, along with a low percentage of the monounsaturated fatty acid C16 : 1 ω5c. Based on differences in phenotypic, physiological and biochemical characteristics from known relatives, and the results of phylogenetic analyses, R1DC9T (=KCTC 72349T=JCM 33609T=NCCB 100698T) is proposed to represent a novel species in a new genus, and the name Mangrovivirga cuniculi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The distinct phylogenetic lineage among the families in the order Cytophagales indicates that R1DC9T represents a new family for which the name Mangrovivirgaceae fam. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhizophoraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Arábia Saudita , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224346

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated as 1-4-3T and 1-4-4, were isolated from a mangrove sediment cultured with coastal seawater. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile, short, rod-shaped bacteria with flagella. Growth occurred at 4-37 °C, pH 7.0-9.0, and 0-7% NaCl. The predominant fatty acids of the novel strains were C18 : 1 ω7c, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, C18 : 0, and C16 : 0. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and whole genome phylogeny analysis based on distance matrix revealed an affiliation between the two strains and the genus Aureimonas, with closest sequence similarity to A. populi 4M3-2T (96.41 and 96.64% similarity, respectively) and A. glaciistagni (96.01 and 96.23% similarity, respectively). The DNA G+C content of strain 1-4-3T was 66.80 mol%. Strain 1-4-3T displayed low DNA-DNA relatedness to A. populi 4M3-2T, with an average nucleotide identity value of 77.47 % and digital DNA-DNA hybridization value of 22.83 %. Genotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phenotypic data indicate that strains 1-4-3T and 1-4-4 represent a novel species of the genus Aureimonas, for which we propose the name Aureimonas mangrovi sp. nov. The type strain is 1-4-3T (=LMG 31693T=CGMCC 1.18507T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Áreas Alagadas
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287118

RESUMO

In this study, we reported a Gram-stain-negative, orange-coloured, rod-shaped, motile and faculatively anaerobic bacterium named strain PB63T, which was isolated from the deep-sea sediment from the Mariana Trench. Growth of PB63T occurred at 10-35 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 5.0-8.0 (optimum, 5.0-6.0) and with 0-7 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-3 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that PB63T represented a member of the genus Novosphingopyxis and was closely related to Novosphingopyxis baekryungensis DSM 16222T (97.9 % sequence similarity). PB63T showed tolerance to a variety of heavy metals, including Co2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Cu2+. The complete genome of PB63T was obtained, and many genes involved in heavy metal resistance were found. The genomic DNA G+C content of PB63T was 62.8 mol%. The predominant respiratory quinone of PB63T was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The polar lipids of PB63T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, glycolipid, phosphatidylcholines and three unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids of PB63T included summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c or/and C18 : 1ω6c), C14 : 0 2-OH, 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c, C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and C17 : 1ω6c. The results of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological analyses indicated that strain PB63T represents a novel species of the genus Novosphingopyxis, and the name Novosphingopyxis iocasae sp. nov. is proposed with the type species PB63T (=CCTCC AB 2019195T=JCM 34178T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292143

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YIM M12148T, was isolated from a marine sediment sample collected from the Indian Ocean. The strain grew optimally at 28 °C, pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1-3 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM M12148T belongs to the genus Gulosibacter, with the highest sequence similarity to Gulosibacter faecalis NBRC 15706T (96.12 %). The cell-wall sugars of strain YIM M12148T were rhamnose, ribose, glucose and mannose. The predominant isoprenoid quinones were MK-8 and MK-9. The polar lipids consisted of major amounts of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown phospholipid and one unknown lipid. Major fatty acids (>5 % of the total) of the novel isolate were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C13 : 0 and anteiso-C13 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain YIM M12148T was 67.15 mol%. On the basis of genotypic and phenotypic data, it is apparent that strain YIM M12148T represents a novel species of the genus Gulosibacter, for which the name Gulosibacter sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM M12148T (=KCTC 29660T=DSM 29154T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292146

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain (CAU 1508T) was isolated from marine sediment collected in the Republic of Korea. Growth was observed at 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 4.0-11.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-8.0) and with 0-8.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-4 %). The isolate formed a monophyletic clade in the phylogenetic analyses using 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences, exhibiting the highest similarity to Chachezhania antarctica SM1703T (96.5 %), and representing a distinct branch within the genus Chachezhania (family Rhodobacteraceae). Its whole genome sequence was 5.59 Mb long, with a G+C content of 65.7 mol% and 2183 predicted genes belonging to six functional categories. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between CAU 1508T and C. antarctica SM1703T were 79.1 and 22.2 %, respectively. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified aminophospholipid. The sole isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone 10. Phenotypic phylogenetic properties supported the classification of CAU 1508T as representing a novel species of the genus Chachezhania, with the proposed name Chachezhania sediminis sp. nov. The type strain is CAU 1508T (=KCTC 62999T=NBRC 113697T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 4517-4523, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146114

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative, cream-colored, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-motile bacterium, designated MSA67T, was isolated from a subterranean sediment sample of the Mohe Basin in Northeast China. Strain MSA67T was detected to grow at 4-40 °C (optimum 28-30 °C), pH 5.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in 0.0-8.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2.0-3.0%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain MSA67T was a member of the genus Devosia, with the highest similarity with D. riboflavina IFO13584T (98.0%) and D. chinhatensis IPL18T (97.0%). The major cellular fatty acids are C16:0, C18:1ω7c 11-methyl and C18:1ω6c and/or C18:1ω7c. The major polar lipids are diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, glycolipids and three unidentified phospholipids. The major respiratory quinone is ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The genomic size of strain MSA67T is 4.1 MB and DNA G + C content is 63.6%. Based on genotypic, phenotypic and phylogenetic results, strain MSA67T is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Devosia, for which the name Devosia sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MSA67T (= CGMCC 1.18467T = KCTC 82192T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos , Hyphomicrobiaceae , China , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Hyphomicrobiaceae/química , Hyphomicrobiaceae/classificação , Hyphomicrobiaceae/genética , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Ubiquinona
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 4493-4498, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148113

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, oval or short rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic bacterium, designated strain S1109LT, was isolated from a marine sediment in Weihai, PR China. Cells were oxidase positive and catalase positive. Growth of strain S1109LT occurred at 10-40 °C (optimum, 30-33 °C), pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, 7.0-8.0) and in the presence of 1-21% (optimum, 4-6%) (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny indicated that strain S1109LT was associated with the genus Pontibaca of the family Rhodobacteraceae because it showed the highest sequence similarity to Pontibaca methylaminivorans KCTC 22497T (97.5%). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) scores between strain S1109LT and Pontibaca methylaminivorans KCTC 22497T were 74.6% and 18.7%. The major cellular fatty acids of strain S1109LT were C19:0 cyclo ω8c and C18:1 ω7c. The polar lipids profiles of strain S1109LT were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified lipids. Strain S1109LT contained ubiquinone-10 as the major respiratory quinone. The genomic DNA G + C content was 55.9 mol%. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain S1109LT is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pontibaca, for which the name Pontibaca salina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of is S1109LT (= KCTC 82411T = MCCC 1H00441T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos , Rhodobacteraceae , China , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Rhodobacteraceae/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 4549-4556, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152426

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium with flagellum, designated L22T, was isolated from sediment of Hulun Lake, Inner Mongolia, China. The organism was found to grow optimally at 30° C in a medium containing 0-0.75% (w/v) NaCl at pH 7.5. The major fatty acid identified was summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c). The dominant polar lipids were phosphomonoester, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The main respiratory quinone was Q-10. The draft genome sequence of strain L22T consisted of 4354,788 bp. The G + C content of genomic DNA was 69.8 mol %. The 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain L22T was affiliated with the genus Methylobrevis within the family Pleomorphomonadaceae, being most closely related to Methylobrevis pamukkalensis JCM 30229T with 95.9% 16S rRNA gene sequences similarity. The AAI, ANI and dDDH values between strain L22T and M. pamukkalensis JCM 30229T were 72.5%, 80.7% and 22.7%. Based on taxonomic results in this study, we proposed that strain L22T a novel species in the genus Methylobrevis of the family Pleomorphomonadaceae, for which the name Methylobrevis albus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L22T (=KCTC 72858T=MCCC 1H00432T).


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , China , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071042

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a chronic disease that has become a serious public health problem due to the associated reduction in quality of life and its increasing financial burden. It is known that inhibiting osteoclast differentiation and promoting osteoblast formation prevents osteoporosis. As there is no drug with this dual activity without clinical side effects, new alternatives are needed. Here, we demonstrate that austalide K, isolated from the marine fungus Penicillium rudallenes, has dual activities in bone remodeling. Austalide K inhibits the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation and improves bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2-mediated osteoblast differentiation in vitro without cytotoxicity. The nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP), and cathepsin K (CTSK) osteoclast-formation-related genes were reduced and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), osteocalcin (OCN), and osteopontin (OPN) (osteoblast activation-related genes) were simultaneously upregulated by treatment with austalide K. Furthermore, austalide K showed good efficacy in an LPS-induced bone loss in vivo model. Bone volume, trabecular separation, trabecular thickness, and bone mineral density were recovered by austalide K. On the basis of these results, austalide K may lead to new drug treatments for bone diseases such as osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Reabsorção Óssea/prevenção & controle , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Penicillium/química , Xantenos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/isolamento & purificação , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Reabsorção Óssea/induzido quimicamente , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Estrutura Molecular , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Osteoporose , Penicillium/isolamento & purificação , Ligante RANK/farmacologia , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/antagonistas & inibidores , Xantenos/isolamento & purificação , Xantenos/farmacologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085922

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative and non-flagellated bacteria, YSTF-M3T and YSTF-M6T, were isolated from a tidal flat from Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains YSTF-M3T and YSTF-M6T belong to the genera Kordia and Olleya of the family Flavobacteriaceae, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain YSTF-M3T and the type strains of Kordia species and between strain YSTF-M6T and the type strains of Olleya species were 94.1-98.4 and 97.3-98.3 %, respectively. The ANI and dDDH values between genomic sequences of strain YSTF-M3T and the type strains of five Kordia species and between those of strain YSTF-M6T and the type strains of three Olleya species were in ranges of 77.0-83.2 and 20.7-27.1 % and 79.4-81.5 and 22.3-23.9 %, respectively. The DNA G+C contents of strain YSTF-M3T and YSTF-M6T from genomic sequences were 34.1 and 31.1 %, respectively. Both strains contained MK-6 as predominant menaquinone and phosphatidylethanolamine as only major phospholipid identified. Differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strains YSTF-M3T and YSTF-M6T are separated from recognized species of the genera Kordia and Olleya, respectively. On the basis of the data presented, strains YSTF-M3T (=KACC 21639T=NBRC 114499T) and YSTF-M6T (=KACC 21640T=NBRC 114500T) are considered to represent novel species of the genera Kordia and Olleya, respectively, for which the names Kordia aestuariivivens sp. nov. and Olleya sediminilitoris sp. nov. are proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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