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1.
Oncology ; 98(1): 10-15, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505502

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a heterogeneous group of malignancies with various clinical presentations and growth rates. NET incidence has been estimated to 2.5-5 per 100,000 people per year, and NET prevalence is 35 per 100,000. They are frequently associated with synchronous or metachronous second primary malignancies (SPM). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional database on NET patients. We report on 30 patients with NETs and SPMs from a series of 262 patients with NETs: 10 patients with synchronous NETs (33.3%) and 20 with metachronous SPMs (66.6%). RESULTS: The median patient age was 67 years. Of the 10 synchronous lesions, 50% were observed in the GI tract. The most common locations of these lesions were the colon (15%) and pancreas (25%). In 2 patients, there was an association of prostate neoplasia with a subsequent NET of the pancreas. CONCLUSIONS: Only few studies have examined the association between NETs and SPMs. Our study showed that the risk of second cancer following NETs is increased. In this single-institution retrospective review, our incidence of additional malignancies in patients with NET was 11.4%.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/diagnóstico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 352-362, 2020 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30861567

RESUMO

Risk of second primary malignancy (SPM) is increasing. We aimed to assess the incidence and related risk factors of SPM among breast cancer (BC) patients from this nested case-control study using the SEER database. BC patients with SPM were identified as the case group and SPM-free patients were defined as the control group. Propensity score matching of cases with controls by the year of the first primary BC diagnosis was conducted at the ratio of 1:5, and 97,242 BC patients were enrolled from 1998 to 2013 after the matching. The incidence of SPM in BC patients stratified by age groups and cancer sites was compared to the general population using the adjusted standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and the risk factors for SPM were examined using Cox proportional hazard regressions. Our study showed BC patients had excess risk for SPM than the general population (adjusted SIR for all cancer sites = 12.94, p < 0.001) and the incidence of SPM among them decreased with age. The risk of SPM was significantly related to the following demographical and clinical variables: age (40-59 vs. 18-39, HR = 1.33; 60-79 vs. 18-39, HR = 2.39; ≥80 vs. 18-39, HR = 2.84), race (black vs. white, HR = 1.12), histological type (lobular BC vs. ductal BC, HR = 1.15), radiotherapy (HR = 1.33), marital status (married vs. single, HR = 0.88) and estrogen receptor status (positive vs. negative, HR = 0.85). Consistent results were found in subgroup analysis stratified by contralateral-breast SPMs and nonbreast SPMs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Mama/patologia , Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Radioterapia Adjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6419-6430, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colon interposition counts among the most common techniques for reconstruction after esophagectomy. Availability of data on metachronous mucosal pathologies is weak. The aim of this review was to identify all reports on the development of metachronous adenoma and adenocarcinoma in colon interposition after esophagectomy in adulthood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München. All studies reporting on patients who received colon interposition as substitute after esophagectomy in adulthood for benign and malignant reasons were included. RESULTS: Five retrospective studies were included, reporting on 1016 patients. Therein, no interval lesion was identified. One further study, which formally must be excluded for a misfit to inclusion criteria reports on three interval carcinomas within 365 patients. Because these lesions were the only ones found within a cohort analysis, results were supplementary reported in this review. Additionally, 31 case reports including 32 patients with benign (n=7) or malignant (n=25) findings were analyzed. Median age was 63.5 years (interval carcinoma) and 69 years (benign lesion). Benign and malignant lesions were diagnosed after a median of 8.5 years. CONCLUSION: Due to the rareness of respective cohort studies, the frequency of metachronous lesions cannot be calculated accurately. The estimated rate of interval carcinoma is 0-0.22%. Life-long endoscopic surveillance of patients with colon interposition is recommended.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(11): 1283-1293, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget's disease is an uncommon intraepidermal adenocarcinoma with poorly defined clinical implications. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to estimate the risk of second primary neoplasms in patients with extramammary Paget's disease. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Registry (1973-2014). SETTINGS: The study included population-based cancer registries from the United States. PATIENTS: Patients who were diagnosed with anogenital Paget's disease were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk of second primary development was measured. RESULTS: We identified 108 patients with anal Paget's disease, 421 patients with male genital (scrotum or penis) Paget's, and 1677 patients with female genital (vagina or vulva) Paget's. Median follow-up time was 5.9 years. The risk of developing colorectal adenocarcinoma was 18.5% for patients with anal Paget's disease. Eighty percent of colorectal adenocarcinoma diagnoses were synchronous (within 2 mo) to anal Paget's diagnoses, whereas metachronous tumors occurred at a median time of 2.4 years. Of patients with anal Paget's disease, 8.3% developed an anal adenocarcinoma or nonsmall cell cancer. In male patients with genital Paget's, the risk of proximal genitourinary malignancy was 9.7%, scrotal or testicular adenocarcinoma was 0.4%, and penile or scrotal squamous carcinoma was 1.7%. In female patients with genital Paget's, the risk of proximal genitourinary malignancy was 3.0%, vaginal or vulvar adenocarcinoma was 1.4%, and vaginal or vulvar squamous neoplasm was 1.0%. Five-year overall survival was 59.7%, 73.5%, and 80.7% in patients with anal, male genital, and female genital Paget's (p < 0.001). LIMITATIONS: The registry did not record surveillance schedule, provider specialty, or nonprocedural therapies for extramammary Paget's disease. CONCLUSIONS: In the largest published cohort of patients with extramammary Paget's disease, patients with anal Paget's had a much higher risk of both proximal and local neoplasms as compared with patients with genital Paget's. Patients with anal Paget's also experienced worse survival as compared with those with purely genital Paget's. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B20. ALTO RIESGO DE NEOPLASIAS PROXIMALES Y LOCALES EN 2206 PACIENTES CON ENFERMEDAD DE PAGET EXTRAMAMARIA ANOGENITAL:: La enfermedad de Paget extramamaria es un adenocarcinoma intraepidérmico poco frecuente con implicaciones clínicas poco definidas.Estimar el riesgo de segundas neoplasias primarias en pacientes con enfermedad de Paget extramamaria.Análisis retrospectivo del Registro de Vigilancia, Epidemiología y Resultados Finales (1973-2014).Registros de base poblacional en cáncer de los Estados Unidos.Pacientes que fueron diagnosticados con enfermedad de Paget anogenital.Riesgo de desarrollo un cáncer primario adicional.Se identificaron 108 pacientes con Paget anal, 421 pacientes con Paget genital masculino (escroto o pene) y 1677 pacientes con Paget genital femenino (vagina o vulva). Tiempo mediano de seguimiento fue de 5,9 años. El riesgo de desarrollar adenocarcinoma colorrectal fue del 18,5% para los pacientes con Paget anal. El ochenta por ciento de los diagnósticos de adenocarcinoma colorrectal fueron sincrónicos (dentro de los 2 meses) a los diagnósticos de Paget anal, mientras que los tumores metacrónicos ocurrieron en un tiempo promedio de 2,4 años. De los pacientes con Paget anal, el 8.3% desarrolló un adenocarcinoma anal o cáncer de células no pequeñas. En los pacientes masculinos con Paget genital, el riesgo de malignidad genitourinaria proximal fue del 9,7%, el adenocarcinoma escrotal o testicular fue del 0,4% y el carcinoma escamoso del pene o escroto fue del 1,7%. En pacientes femeninas con Paget genital, el riesgo de malignidad genitourinaria proximal fue de 3.0%, el adenocarcinoma vaginal o vulvar fue de 1.4% y la neoplasia escamosa vaginal o vulvar fue de 1.0%. La supervivencia general a cinco años fue del 59.7%, 73.5% y 80.7% en pacientes con anal, genital masculino y genital femenino, respectivamente (p <0.001).El registro no señalo el cronograma de vigilancia, la especialidad del proveedor o las terapias sin procedimiento para la enfermedad de Paget extramamaria.En la cohorte más grande publicada de pacientes con enfermedad de Paget extramamaria, los pacientes con Paget anal demostraron un riesgo mucho mayor de neoplasias proximales y locales en comparación con los pacientes con Paget genital. Los pacientes con Paget anal además demostraron una peor supervivencia en comparación con aquellos con Paget aislada genital. Vea el Resumen del Video en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B20.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias do Ânus , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos , Neoplasias dos Genitais Masculinos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Doença de Paget Extramamária , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Assistência ao Convalescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Ânus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Epiderme/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Masculinos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Masculinos/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Massachusetts/epidemiologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Doença de Paget Extramamária/epidemiologia , Doença de Paget Extramamária/patologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e17083, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490413

RESUMO

There have been no studies on implementing effective screening models for esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma survivors. We used a proportional subdistribution hazards model to estimate second primary malignancy risks among patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. We validated models using a bootstrap cross-validation method and performed decision curve analysis to evaluate their clinical utility. Age group and SEER historic stage were significantly associated with second primary malignancy risk after diagnosis of esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Saving positive lymph nodes and distant metastasis were significant factors in the adenocarcinoma group, and marital status, tumor location, and chemotherapy were significant factors in the squamous cell carcinoma group. Calibration plots show good concordance between predicted and actual outcomes except in high-probability areas for the risk of a second primary malignancy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Discrimination performances of the Fine-Gray models were evaluated using c-indices, which were 0.691 and 0.662 for second primary malignancies in patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, respectively. Decision curve analysis yielded a range of threshold probabilities (0.020-0.177 and 0.021-0.133 for patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, respectively) at which the clinical net benefit of the risk model was larger than those of hypothetical all-screening and no-screening scenarios. Our nomograms enable selection of patient populations at high risk for a second primary malignancy and thus will facilitate the design of prevention trials for affected populations.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Medição de Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 127: 109648, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472358

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The survival among children with cancer has improved considerably the past decades. Consequently, more children are at risk of second primary cancers (SPC). This study aimed to investigate the incidence of SPC among pediatric head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data on children aged 0-17 years registered with a HNC in the Danish Registry of Childhood Cancer and the Danish National Patient Registry during the period 1980-2014 was obtained. SPC was defined as registration with any second malignancy that was not simultaneous with the first primary cancer (FPC) or a relapse hereof. All information was validated through review of medical charts. Standardized incidence rates (SIR) were calculated using the average incidence of all cancers in the general population of Denmark during the study period as reference. RESULTS: Among 234 pediatric HNC patients, six patients (four females) were registered with a SPC (2.6%), corresponding to an overall SIR of 4.8. No patients were diagnosed with more than one SPC. The median age at FPC and SPC was 15.2 years (range 9-16 years) and 35.0 years (range 19-41 years). The most common tumor histology and location among the patients with SPC was nasopharyngeal lymphoepithelial carcinoma for FPC and basal cell carcinoma of the skin for SPC. CONCLUSION: During 1980-2014 we identified six cases of SPC among 234 pediatric head and neck cancer patients in Denmark, corresponding to an overall SIR of 4.8.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
10.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4613-4617, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519558

RESUMO

One of the most important late side-effects of radiation therapy is the development of radiation-induced secondary malignancies. In the last years, this topic has significantly influenced treatment decision-making as the number of long-term cancer survivors has significantly increased with advances in treatment modalities. All efforts are being made to prevent the incidence of tumors induced by radiation. In this review article we summarize the current knowledge about treatment-related secondary cancers with a particular attention to hadrontherapy.


Assuntos
Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Animais , Efeito Espectador , Humanos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/mortalidade , Radiação Ionizante , Radioterapia/métodos
11.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4971-4975, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated the incidence of uterine and breast cancer among women diagnosed with granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) of the ovary. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The US Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was accessed and patients diagnosed with a GCT and had a known follow-up between 1973-2014 were identified. Personal tumor history was extracted and patients with a previous or subsequent malignant breast or uterine tumor were identified. The expected incidence of breast and uterine cancer was calculated based on the U.S age-specific rate of breast and uterine cancer per 100,000 women. Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated for each tumor. RESULTS: A total of 1908 cases of GCT were identified. Seventy- nine (4.14%) and 53 (2.78%) patients were diagnosed with a malignant breast and uterine malignancy. The cumulative expected number of malignant breast and uterine tumors was 27 (1.41%) and 6 (0.31%), respectively. The calculated SIR for breast and uterine malignancies was 2.96 (95%CI=2.34, 3.68) and 8.83 (95%CI=6.61, 11.56), respectively. CONCLUSION: An increased incidence of breast and uterine malignancies among patients diagnosed with GCTs was observed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5083-5087, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) is a marker of increased risk of other cancer types. To assess if this association exhibits a dose-response relationship, a case-control study was carried out. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study of cases with KC plus another type of cancer matched by age, race (all Caucasian), sex and histologic type to controls with KC only (n=48 matched pairs). RESULTS: Compared with the KC only group, those with KC plus another cancer had a mean number of lesions that were 43%, 35%, and 41% greater for basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and total KC, respectively. The odds ratio (OR) of developing another type of cancer increased from 1.0 to 1.09 (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.23-5.13) to 2.12 (95%CI=0.50-9.08) according to whether the patient had zero, one, or ≥two BCC lesions; for SCC, the corresponding ORs were 1.0, 1.24 (95%CI=0.48-3.24), and 1.39 (95%CI=0.29-6.61). CONCLUSION: A dose-response relationship seems to exist between the number of skin lesions and the risk of another type of cancer, but the lack of statistical significance weakens this evidence.


Assuntos
Queratinócitos/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Razão de Chances , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , South Carolina/epidemiologia
13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(8): 624-627, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434455

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between breast cancer and thyroid cancer. Methods: A cohort of 747 female patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ invasive breast cancer were enrolled in this retrospective study. The differences of clinical and pathological data were compared between the simple breast cancer group (723 cases) and the breast cancer with thyroid cancer group (24 cases), to analyze the relevant factors of second primary thyroid cancer in patients with breast cancer. Results: There were significant differences in the menstrual status and estrogen receptor (ER) status between the group of patients with breast cancer only and breast cancer patients with secondary primary thyroid cancer (P<0.05). Breast cancer patients with secondary primary thyroid cancer were more likely to be premenopausal (75%) and ER-positive (83.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patient's menstrual status (compared with premenopausal patients, peri-menopausal odds ratio=0.53, 95% CI 0.07-4.25; post-menopausal odds ration=0.23, 95%CI 0.08-0.65) and body mass index (BMI, odds ratio=1.14, 95%CI 1.02-1.28) were independent risk factors for secondary primary thyroid cancer in patients with breast cancer. Conclusion: Thyroid cancer is associated with breast cancer, and is more likely to occur in obesity patients and premenopausal patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(30): 4261-4277, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, increasing evidence of second neoplasms associated with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) has been found. Numerous case reports, mostly retrospective studies and a few reviews, have been published. To our knowledge, however, no systematic review or meta-analysis of the existing data has been performed so far. AIM: To prepare a compilation, as complete as possible, of all reported second tumor entities that have been described in association with GIST and to systematically analyze the published studies with regard to frequency, localization, and types of GIST-associated neoplasms. METHODS: The MEDLINE and EBSCO databases were searched for a combination of the keywords GIST/secondary, synchronous, coincident/tumor, neoplasm, and relevant publications were selected by two independent authors. RESULTS: Initially, 3042 publications were found. After deletion of duplicates, 1631 remained, and 130 papers were selected; 22 of these were original studies with a minimum of 20 patients, and 108 were case reports. In the 22 selected studies, comprising a total number of 12050 patients, an overall rate of GIST-associated neoplasias of 20% could be calculated. Most second neoplasias were found in the gastrointestinal tract (32%) and in the male and female urogenital tract (30%). The specific risk scores of GISTs associated with other tumors were significantly lower than those without associated neoplasias. CONCLUSION: In this first systematic review, we could confirm previously reported findings of a more than coincidental association between GIST and other neoplasias. The question whether there is an underlying causal association will need further investigation. Our data suggest that even GIST with a very low risk of disease progression should prompt screening for second neoplasia and subsequent frequent controls or extended staging.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Humanos , Incidência , Programas de Rastreamento , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/prevenção & controle , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco
15.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(1): 39-50, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between ovarian conservation and oncologic outcome in surgically-treated young women with early-stage, low-grade endometrial cancer. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study examined women aged <50 with stage I grade 1-2 endometrioid endometrial cancer who underwent primary surgery with hysterectomy from 2000 to 2014 (US cohort n = 1196, and Japan cohort n = 495). Recurrence patterns, survival, and the presence of a metachronous secondary malignancy were assessed based on ovarian conservation versus oophorectomy. RESULTS: During the study period, the ovarian conservation rate significantly increased in the US cohort from 5.4% to 16.4% (P = 0.020) whereas the rate was unchanged in the Japan cohort (6.3-8.7%, P = 0.787). In the US cohort, ovarian conservation was not associated with disease-free survival (hazard ratio [HR] 0.829, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.188-3.663, P = 0.805), overall survival (HR not estimated, P = 0.981), or metachronous secondary malignancy (HR 1.787, 95% CI 0.603-5.295, P = 0.295). In the Japan cohort, ovarian conservation was associated with decreased disease-free survival (HR 5.214, 95% CI 1.557-17.464, P = 0.007) and an increased risk of a metachronous secondary malignancy, particularly ovarian cancer (HR 7.119, 95% CI 1.349-37.554, P = 0.021), but was not associated with overall survival (HR not estimated, P = 0.987). Ovarian recurrence or metachronous secondary ovarian cancer occurred after a median time of 5.9 years, and all cases were salvaged. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that adoption of ovarian conservation in young women with early-stage low-grade endometrial cancer varies by population. Ovarian conservation for young women with early-stage, low-grade endometrial cancer may be potentially associated with increased risks of ovarian recurrence or metachronous secondary ovarian cancer in certain populations; nevertheless, ovarian conservation did not negatively impact overall survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Endometrioide/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/estatística & dados numéricos , Ovário/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Japão/epidemiologia , Gradação de Tumores , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 838, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenal tumors in patients with previous/synchronous extra-adrenal malignancy are diverse and are a dilemma in clinical practice. This study investigated the differentiation of adrenal malignant and benign tumors in these patients. METHODS: Data from patients with a pathological diagnosis of adrenal tumors were retrospectively retrieved from April 1991 to November 2015. Patients without extra-adrenal malignancy were excluded. Clinical and imaging characteristics, including sex, age, tumor size, tumor location, isolated lesion, time interval between the diagnosis of the two tumors and retrieved imaging diagnosis, were collected and analyzed. The selected patients were divided into 2 groups: those with primary or secondary malignancies (PSM) and those with primary benign tumors (PB). Chi-squared tests were used to evaluate differences between the two groups. Logistic regression was performed to explore potential risk factors related to the differentiation of PSM and PB, and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate their diagnostic values. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were selected; 54 were male, and the median age was 56 years old. Between the groups of PSM and PB, sex (p = 0.004), age (p = 0.029), tumor size (p < 0.001), isolated lesion (p < 0.001) and imaging diagnosis (p < 0.001) were significantly different, while tumor size (p = 0.001), sex (p = 0.047) and imaging diagnosis (p = 0.002) were independent predictors of PSM. With ROC curve analysis, risk factors ≥2 was the optimal cutoff to differentiate these adrenal tumors, and their sensitivity and specificity were 73 and 77%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 32 months, only 4 of 32 patients with PB died from cancer, and 24 of 47 patients with PSM died from cancer, although aggressive treatment was performed. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor size, sex and imaging diagnosis were independent predictors of adrenal primary or secondary malignancies. These predictors might be helpful for differentiation of adrenal tumors in patients with previous/synchronous extra-adrenal cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/etiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2335-2342, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286241

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Clinical stage (CS) 1 testicular seminoma is cured in almost 100% of cases following either retroperitoneal radiotherapy, carboplatin monotherapy, or surveillance strategies. Little is known about potential long-term effects of carboplatin. We, therefore, examined late sequelae of this drug in seminoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 451 patients with CS1 testicular seminoma treated between 1994 and 2014, of whom 243 underwent carboplatin therapy [median follow-up (F/U) 96 months], 81 received radiotherapy (median F/U 142 months), and 127 underwent surveillance (median F/U 40 months). Satisfaction regarding management, as well as the following events during F/U, were analysed by questionnaire: subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs), cardiovascular events, arterial hypertension, peptic ulcer, tinnitus, peripheral neuropathy, hypogonadism, and infertility. The relative frequencies of the events were analysed using descriptive statistics. The frequency of observed SMNs was compared with the expected number. RESULTS: Patients receiving carboplatin tolerated the treatment less well (71.2%) than those under surveillance (81.9%). After carboplatin, 12 SMNs (5.0%) were noted vis-a-vis 5.0 expected. There were three cases of prostatic cancer and 3 melanomas among the SMNs. Half of these SMNs occurred early after treatment. Among the other health events, only reported hypogonadism (13.2%) appeared to be marginally increased in frequency. CONCLUSIONS: This study found a 2.4-fold higher than expected rate of SMN-and a slightly increased rate of hypogonadism-in the long-term period following carboplatin treatment. Although further studies are needed to confirm these preliminary findings, these results are probably informative for clinicians caring for seminoma patients.


Assuntos
Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Seminoma/tratamento farmacológico , Seminoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias Testiculares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Testiculares/radioterapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Terapia Combinada , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Transtornos de Início Tardio/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos de Início Tardio/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seminoma/patologia , Neoplasias Testiculares/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Conduta Expectante , Adulto Jovem
18.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 178(1): 161-167, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325072

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Increase in breast cancer survivorship, advancements in diagnostic imaging and standardization of contralateral breast screening before breast cancer surgery have resulted in increased detection of contralateral breast cancer (CBC). The aim of this study was to assess national trends of synchronous bilateral breast cancer (sBBC) and metachronous bilateral breast cancer (mBBC) incidence in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2014) was used to identify 11,177 women diagnosed with CBC. CBC was classified as sBBC when primary breast cancer in both breasts is diagnosed in the same year, or as mBBC, when diagnosed more than one year from primary breast cancer. Temporal trends in sBBC incidence were then evaluated using the Cochran-Armitage test for trend. RESULTS: Of the 11,177 women diagnosed with CBC, 4228 (38%) had sBBC and 6949 (62%) had mBBC. The incidence of sBBC increased significantly from 1.4% in 1975 to 2.9% in 2014 (p < 0.001). sBBC was more likely to be diagnosed as early stage in recent years (78% in 1975 vs. 90% in 2014 [p < 0.001]), and 69% of patients were treated with mastectomy in 2014. CONCLUSION: The number of sBBC has increased, and contralateral tumors are more likely to be detected at an early stage with the first primary breast cancer. Despite the early stage findings, most were treated with mastectomy. Further studies are needed to define the best therapy for patients with contralateral disease and optimal surveillance and detection methods.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Idoso , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(9): 909-922, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300947

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk of developing subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs). We compared survival and clinical characteristics of survivors with SMNs (sarcoma, breast cancer, or melanoma) and a population-based sample of similar first malignant neoplasm (FMN) patients. METHODS: We assembled three case series of solid SMNs observed in a cohort of 5-year Dutch childhood cancer survivors diagnosed 1963-2001 and followed until 2014: sarcoma (n = 45), female breast cancer (n = 41), and melanoma (n = 17). Each SMN patient was sex-, age-, and calendar year-matched to 10 FMN patients in the population-based Netherlands Cancer Registry. We compared clinical and histopathological characteristics by Fisher's exact tests and survival by multivariable Cox regression and competing risk regression analyses. RESULTS: Among sarcoma-SMN patients, overall survival [hazard ratio (HR) 1.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23-2.87] and sarcoma-specific mortality (HR 1.91, 95% CI 1.16-3.13) were significantly worse compared to sarcoma-FMN patients (foremost for soft-tissue sarcoma), with 15-year survival rates of 30.8% and 61.6%, respectively. Overall survival did not significantly differ for breast-SMN versus breast-FMN patients (HR 1.14, 95% CI 0.54-2.37), nor for melanoma-SMN versus melanoma-FMN patients (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.10-5.00). No significant differences in tumor characteristics were observed between breast-SMN and breast-FMN patients. Breast-SMN patients were treated more often with mastectomy without radiotherapy/chemotherapy compared to breast-FMN patients (17.1% vs. 5.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Survival of sarcoma-SMN patients is worse than sarcoma-FMN patients. Although survival and tumor characteristics appear similar for breast-SMN and breast-FMN patients, treatment differs; breast-SMN patients less often receive breast-conserving therapy. Larger studies are necessary to substantiate these exploratory findings.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Melanoma/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Sarcoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(11): e27938, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347793

RESUMO

The therapies used to treat Ewing sarcoma are associated with a risk of second malignant neoplasm (SMN). We conducted a systematic review to pool available evidence on the risks, types, and outcomes after SMN. We obtained 52 articles that met inclusion criteria. Cumulative incidence rates of SMN ranged from 0.9 to 8.4% and 10.1 to 20.5% at 5 and 30 years after initial diagnosis. Of the 327 reported SMNs, 63.6% were solid tumors, although acute myeloid leukemia /myelodysplastic syndrome was the single most commonly diagnosed SMN, with generally poor outcomes. Patients treated for Ewing sarcoma are at substantial risk of SMN, with a broad range of reported secondary cancers.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/etiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Sarcoma de Ewing , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/etiologia , Carcinoma/terapia , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mieloide/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide/terapia , Linfoma/epidemiologia , Linfoma/etiologia , Linfoma/terapia , Melanoma/epidemiologia , Melanoma/etiologia , Melanoma/terapia , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/terapia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/terapia , Risco , Sarcoma/epidemiologia , Sarcoma/etiologia , Sarcoma/terapia , Sarcoma de Ewing/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma de Ewing/radioterapia , Sarcoma de Ewing/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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