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1.
Trab. educ. saúde ; 18(1): e0023368, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043493

RESUMO

Resumo O estudo que originou este artigo teve como objetivo analisar a cultura de segurança do paciente na atenção primária em saúde de um município de grande porte do estado do Paraná, segundo a categoria profissional. Foi desenvolvido um estudo transversal com trabalhadores da atenção primária, com coleta de dados realizada em 2017, por meio da aplicação de um instrumento autorrespondido denominado Pesquisa sobre Cultura de Segurança do Paciente para Atenção Primária (Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture). Os resultados indicaram que o processo de trabalho no serviço de atuação e apoio dos gestores foram as dimensões da cultura de segurança com avaliação mais fragilizada. De modo geral, houve divergências na percepção da cultura de segurança pelos profissionais de saúde da atenção primária, denotando a importância do planejamento conjunto de estratégias de assistência à saúde. Os técnicos de enfermagem apresentaram maior prevalência de avaliação fragilizada da cultura de segurança do paciente. De forma contrária, os enfermeiros mostraram menor prevalência de avaliação fragilizada sobre a cultura de segurança.


Abstract The study that originated the present article had the goal of analyzing the culture of patient safety in primary health care in a large municipality in the state of Paraná, Brazil, according to the professional category. We conducted a cross-sectional study with primary health care workers, and the data was collected in 2017 through the application of a self-reported instrument called Survey on Patient Safety Culture for Primary Health Care (Pesquisa sobre Cultura de Segurança do Paciente para Atenção Primária, in Portuguese). The results indicated that the work process in each service where they work and the support from the managers were the dimensions of the safety culture that had the weakest evaluations. In general, there were differences of opinions regarding the perception of the safety culture on the part of the primary health care professionals, indicating the importance of the joint planning of health care strategies. The nurse technicians revealed a higher prevalence of weak evaluations of patient safety culture. On the other hand, the nurses revealed a lower prevalence of weak evaluations regarding safety culture.


Resumen El estudio que originó este artículo tuvo como objetivo analizar la cultura de seguridad del paciente en la atención primaria de salud de un municipio de gran población en el estado de Paraná, Brasil, según la categoría profesional. Se desarrolló un estudio transversal con trabajadores de la atención primaria, con recolección de datos realizada en 2017, por medio de la aplicación de un instrumento autorrellenable denominado Pesquisa sobre Cultura de Seguridad del Paciente para la Atención Primaria (Pesquisa sobre Cultura de Segurança do Paciente para Atenção Primária, en portugués). Los resultados indicaron que el proceso de trabajo en el servicio de actuación y el apoyo de los gestores fueron las dimensiones de la cultura de seguridad con evaluación más fragilizada. De modo general, hubo divergencias en la percepción de la cultura de seguridad por los profesionales de salud de la atención primaria, denotando la importancia de la planificación conjunta de estrategias de asistencia a la salud. Los técnicos en enfermería presentaron mayor prevalencia de evaluación fragilizada de la cultura de seguridad del paciente. De modo contrario, los enfermeros presentaron menor prevalencia de evaluación fragilizada sobre la cultura de seguridad.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Segurança do Paciente
2.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 30(1): 010502, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839720

RESUMO

Extravascular body fluids (EBF) analysis can provide useful information in the differential diagnosis of conditions that caused their accumulation. Their unique nature and particular requirements accompanying EBF analysis need to be recognized in order to minimize possible negative implications on patient safety. This recommendation was prepared by the members of the Working group for extravascular body fluid samples (WG EBFS). It is designed to address the total testing process and clinical significance of tests used in EBF analysis. The recommendation begins with a chapter addressing validation of methods used in EBF analysis, and continues with specific recommendations for serous fluids analysis. It is organized in sections referring to the preanalytical, analytical and postanalytical phase with specific recommendations presented in boxes. Its main goal is to assist in the attainment of national harmonization of serous fluid analysis and ultimately improve patient safety and healthcare outcomes. This recommendation is intended to all laboratory professionals performing EBF analysis and healthcare professionals involved in EBF collection and processing. Cytological and microbiological evaluations of EBF are beyond the scope of this document.


Assuntos
Líquidos Corporais/química , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Líquidos Corporais/metabolismo , Exsudatos e Transudatos/química , Exsudatos e Transudatos/metabolismo , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Sociedades Médicas , Manejo de Espécimes/normas
3.
J Urol ; 203(1): 179-184, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347949

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the real world safety and cost of third line overactive bladder therapies, including onabotulinumtoxinA and sacral neuromodulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an all-inclusive, population based cohort study of third line therapies of overactive bladder (sacral neuromodulation or onabotulinumtoxinA) using the statewide surgical data captured in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System. The main outcome measures were 30-day safety events, and 1 and 3-year health care utilization costs. Propensity score matching was done to control for confounding factors and comparative analyses of safety events were also performed. RESULTS: Our cohort included 2,680 patients, of whom 1,328 underwent sacral neuromodulation and 1,352 received onabotulinumtoxinA from January 1, 2013 through December 31, 2016. Average ± SD age was 61.7 ± 16.3 years and 82.7% of the patients were female. Sacral neuromodulation implantation led to re-intervention in 15.8% of cases within 1 year and in 26.1% at 3 years. In this comparative analysis patients who received onabotulinumtoxinA therapy were at higher risk for urinary tract infection, hematuria, urinary retention and an emergency room visit compared to those treated with sacral neuromodulation. The overall cost of onabotulinumtoxinA was lower than the cost of the sacral neuromodulation device (cost at 1 year $2,896 vs $15,343 and at 3 years $3,454 vs $16,189, each p <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Sacral neuromodulation implantation was more expensive than onabotulinumtoxinA injection. However, patients who underwent sacral neuromodulation had a lower complication rate than patients treated with onabotulinumtoxinA. A quality improvement collective database must be created to track information on onabotulinumtoxinA and sacral neuromodulation treatment. This would help generate better performance and comparative data for patient and physician decision making.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapêutico , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/terapia , Idoso , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Plexo Lombossacral , Masculino , Fármacos Neuromusculares/economia , New York , Segurança do Paciente , Pontuação de Propensão , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/economia , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/economia
4.
BJOG ; 127(1): 79-86, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to analyse the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) cohort data to examine the safety of acupuncture therapy during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Korea. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Women with confirmed pregnancy between 2003 and 2012 from the 2002-13 NHIS sample cohort (n = 20 799). METHODS: Women with confirmed pregnancy were identified and divided into acupuncture or control group for comparison of their outcomes. Differences in other factors such as age, and rate of high-risk pregnancy and multiple pregnancy were examined. In the acupuncture group, the most frequent acupuncture diagnosis codes and the timing of treatment were also investigated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of full-term delivery, preterm delivery and stillbirth by pregnancy duration and among the high-risk and multiple pregnancy groups. RESULTS: Of 20 799 pregnant women analysed, 1030 (4.95%) and 19 749 were in the acupuncture and control groups, respectively. Both overall (odds ratio [OR] 1.23; 95% CI 0.98-1.54), and in the stratified analysis of high-risk pregnancies (OR 1.09; 95% CI 0.73-1.64), there was no significant difference between acupuncture and control groups in preterm deliveries. No stillbirths occurred in the acupuncture group and 0.035% of pregnancies resulted in stillbirths in the control group. CONCLUSION: No significant difference in delivery outcomes (preterm delivery and stillbirth) was observed between confirmed pregnancies in the acupuncture and control groups. Therefore, in pregnancy, acupuncture therapy may be a safe therapeutic modality for relieving discomfort without an adverse delivery outcome. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: In pregnancy, acupuncture therapy may be a safe therapeutic modality for relieving discomfort without an adverse outcome.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Soins ; 64(840): 11-16, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847962

RESUMO

In surgery and anaesthesia safety rules and criteria must be respected. Checks need to be made by caregivers at certain stages. The patient should also be involved in these checks. The surgical patient self-check list is the tool used in this approach.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Segurança do Paciente , Cuidadores , Humanos , Pacientes
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18352, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852137

RESUMO

Improvement in patient safety culture requires constant attention. This study aimed to identify hospital-level elements related to patient safety culture, such as patient safety management systems, activities and work environments.Two questionnaire surveys were administered to hospitals in Japan in 2015 and 2016. The first survey aimed to determine which hospitals would allow their staff to respond to a questionnaire survey. The second survey aimed to measure the patient safety culture in those hospitals. Patient safety culture was assessed using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS). The relationship of hospital-level patient safety culture with the aforementioned elements in each hospital was analyzed.The response rate to the first survey was 22% (721/3270), and 40 eligible hospitals were selected from the respondents. The second survey was administered to healthcare workers in those 40 hospitals, and the response rate was 94% (3768/4000). The proportion of respondents who had 7 or more days off each month was related to the scores of 7 composites and the Patient Safety Grade of HSOPS. Both the presence of a mission statement describing patient safety and the proportion of respondents who participated in in-house patient safety workshops at least twice annually were related to the scores of 5 composites and the Patient Safety Grade of HSOPS.Our study suggests that the number of days off each month, the presence of a hospital patient safety mission statement, and the participation rate in in-house patient safety workshops might be key factors in creating a good patient safety culture within each hospital.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Gestão da Segurança , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03503, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020373

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a ocorrência de eventos adversos relacionados ao uso de equipamentos e materiais na assistência de enfermagem. Método Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, com consulta às fichas informatizadas de notificação de eventos adversos de um hospital acreditado. Resultados Foi constatada a notificação de 1.065 eventos adversos, 180 (16,9%) deles relacionados ao uso de equipamentos e materiais, sendo os mais frequentes: perda de sonda de alimentação (45,0%), perda de catéter venoso central (15,5%), lesão de pele (10,5%) e extubação acidental (10,0%). As principais causas e ações imediatas registradas foram, respectivamente: perda de sonda de alimentação - retirada da sonda pelo paciente (53,1%) e repassado o dispositivo (83,9%); perda de catéter venoso central - paciente agitado ou desorientado (32,1%) e puncionado catéter venoso periférico (46,2%); lesão de pele - paciente agitado ou desorientado (26,3%) e realizado curativo oclusivo (73,7%); e extubação acidental - paciente em desmame da sedação ou com sedação desligada/inadequada (50,0%) e reintubação (50,0%). Os graus de danos encontrados foram: ligeiro (23,3%), grave (62,2%), muito grave (13,9%) e gravíssimo (0,6%). Conclusão A investigação da ocorrência de eventos adversos relacionados ao uso de equipamentos e materiais na assistência pode prevenir e minimizar danos ao paciente.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar la ocurrencia de eventos adversos relacionados con el uso de equipos y materiales en la asistencia de enfermería. Método Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, con consulta a las fichas informatizadas de notificación de eventos adversos de un hospital acreditado. Resultados Fue constatada la notificación de 1.065 eventos adversos, 180 (16,9%) de ellos relacionados con el empleo de equipos y materiales, siendo los más frecuentes: pérdida de sonda de alimentación (45,0%), pérdida de catéter venoso central (15,5%), lesión de piel (10,5%) y extubación accidental (10,0%). Las principales causas y acciones inmediatas registradas fueron, respectivamente: pérdida de sonda de alimentación - retirada de la sonda por el paciente (53,1%) y reintroducido el dispositivo (83,9%); pérdida de catéter venoso central - paciente agitado o desorientado (32,1%) y puncionado el catéter venoso periférico (46,2); lesión de piel - paciente agitado o desorientado (26,3%) y realizado apósito oclusivo (73,7%); y extubación accidental - paciente en discontinuación de la sedación o bajo sedación desconectada/inadecuada (50,0%) y reintubación (50,0%). Los grados de daños encontrados fueron: ligero (23,3%), severo (62,2%), muy severo (13,9%) y severísimo (0,6%). Conclusión La investigación de la ocurrencia de eventos adversos relacionados con el uso de equipos y materiales en la asistencia puede prevenir y minimizar los daños al paciente.


ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the occurrence of adverse events associated to the use of equipment and materials in nursing care. Method Quantitative, descriptive study, using the electronic records of adverse events notifications in an accredited hospital. Results A total of 1,065 adverse events were reported, of which 180 (16.9%) were related to the use of equipment and materials. The most frequent events were: loss of feeding tube (45.0%), loss of central venous catheter (15.5%), skin injury (10.5%) and accidental extubation (10.0%). The main causes and immediate actions recorded were: loss of feeding tube - removal of the tube by the patient (53.1%) and reinsertion of the device (83.9%); loss of central venous catheter - agitated or disoriented patient (32.1%) and insertion of peripheral venous catheter (46.2%); skin injury - agitated or disoriented patient (26.3%) and application of occlusive dressing (73.7%); and accidental extubation - weaning from sedation, disconnected sedation or inadequate doses of sedation (50.0%) and reintubation (50.0%). The degrees of harm were: mild (23.3%), severe (62.2%), very severe (13.9%) and extremely severe (0.6%). Conclusion The investigation of the occurrence of adverse events related to the use of equipment and materials in care can prevent and minimize harm to the patient.


Assuntos
Equipamentos e Provisões/efeitos adversos , Dano ao Paciente , Segurança do Paciente
9.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03489, Jan.-Dez. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020382

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar as causas relacionadas ao processo de trabalho que estão associadas aos erros de enfermagem noticiados pelos jornais. Método Estudo documental, qualitativo, baseado na teoria do processo de trabalho e análise hermenêutica. Foram analisadas 112 notícias de 21 jornais de grande circulação no Brasil, no período de 2012 a 2016, organizadas e codificadas no software Atlas.ti. Resultados As causas associadas aos erros noticiados foram relacionadas à força de trabalho ( deficit de profissionais e capacitação, rotatividade, sobrecarga, falta de informação, imprudência, negligência e distração); aos instrumentos de trabalho (semelhança de rótulos/embalagens, armazenamento, falta de identificação e informação de produtos e prescrição médica) e ao objeto de trabalho (particularidades dos pacientes e superlotação). Conclusão A análise das possíveis causas atribuídas aos erros noticiados permitiu tornar público não somente o resultado negativo do trabalho de enfermagem, mas também os outros elementos do processo de trabalho que influenciam esse resultado. Por isso a importância de compreender esses erros para que sejam evitados, e as condições de trabalho da enfermagem, revistas, para a garantia da qualidade e da segurança.


RESUMEN Objetivo Identificar las causas relacionadas con el proceso laboral que están asociadas con los errores de enfermería noticiados por los periódicos. Método Estudio documental, cualitativo, basado en la teoría del proceso laboral y análisis hermenéutico. Fueron analizadas 112 noticias de 21 periódicos de gran circulación en Brasil, en el período de 2012 a 2016, organizadas y codificadas en el software Atlas.ti. Resultados Las causas asociadas con los errores noticiados estuvieron relacionadas con la fuerza de trabajo (déficit de profesionales y capacitación, rotatividad, sobrecarga, falta de información, imprudencia, negligencia y distracción); con los instrumentos de trabajo (semejanza de etiquetas/envases, almacenamiento, falta de identificación e información de productos y prescripción médica) y con el objeto de trabajo (particularidades de los pacientes y abarrotado). Conclusión El análisis de las posibles causas atribuidas a los errores noticiados permitió hacer público no solo el resultado negativo del trabajo de enfermería, sino también los demás elementos del proceso laboral que influencian dicho resultado. En virtud de ello, es importante comprender esos errores a fin de que se los evite y que se revisen las condiciones del trabajo enfermero, para la garantía de la calidad y la seguridad.


ABSTRACT Objective To identify work process-related causes associated with nursing errors reported in newspapers. Method This was a documentary and qualitative study based on the work process theory and hermeneutic analysis that examined 112 news articles published between 2012 and 2016 in 21 high-circulation Brazilian newspapers, organized and codified using Atlas.ti software. Results The causes associated with the reported errors were associated with workforce (lack of professionals and training, turnover, work overload, lack of information, recklessness, negligence, and distraction); work instruments (similar labels or packages, storage, lack of product identification and information, and medical prescriptions); and the object of nursing work (overcrowding and specific characteristics of patient). Conclusion Analysis of the possible causes of reported errors identified the negative outcomes of nursing work, while also identifying elements of the work process that influenced these results. The findings emphasize the importance of understanding these errors so they can be avoided and of reviewing nursing work conditions to guarantee quality and safety of care.


Assuntos
Notícias , Segurança do Paciente , Erros de Medicação/enfermagem , Meios de Comunicação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
10.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03508, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020384

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a estrutura e a adesão às medidas de precauções-padrão e específicas dos profissionais de saúde em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva de hospital de ensino, no Distrito Federal. Método Estudo descritivo, transversal e prospectivo. Utilizou-se de questionário estruturado mediante observações que registraram as práticas dos profissionais com Equipamentos de Proteção Individual e indicações de precauções. Foi aplicado o teste Qui-quadrado, e calculado o p-valor . Resultados Participaram do estudo 52 profissionais, e foram observados 445 procedimentos assistenciais em 36 sessões de auditoria. A média da taxa de adesão ao uso de equipamentos foi de 72,72%, sendo 94,91% às luvas, 91,43% ao avental, 80% à máscara e 24,56% aos óculos de proteção. Quando não havia indicação e não foi utilizado o Equipamento de Proteção Individual, a média da taxa foi de 68,01%, sendo 30,77% em relação às luvas, 87,58% ao avental, 57,58% à máscara, e 96,13% aos óculos. As precauções de contato foram indicadas desnecessariamente em 35% dos pacientes. Conclusão Verificou-se boa adesão ao uso de luvas, avental e máscara, baixa adesão ao uso de óculos de proteção e uso desnecessário de máscaras e precauções de contato admissionais.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la estructura y la adhesión a las medidas de precauciones estándar y específicas de los profesionales sanitarios en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de hospital de enseñanza, en el Distrito Federal. Método Estudio descriptivo, transversal y prospectivo. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado mediante observaciones que registraron las prácticas de los profesionales con Equipos de Protección Individual e indicaciones de precauciones. Se aplicó la prueba de Chi cuadrado y se calculó el p-valor. Resultados Participaron en el estudio 52 profesionales y se observaron 445 procedimientos asistenciales en 36 sesiones de auditoría. El promedio de la tasa de adhesión al uso de equipos fue del 72,72%, siendo el 94,91% a los guantes, el 91,43% al delantal, el 80% a la mascarilla y el 24,56% a los anteojos de protección. Cuando no había indicación y no fue utilizado el Equipo de Protección Individual, el promedio de la tasa fue del 68,01%, siendo el 30,77% con relación a los guantes, el 87,58% al delantal, el 57,58% a la mascarilla y el 96,13% a los anteojos. Las precauciones de contacto fueron indicadas innecesariamente al 35% de los pacientes. Conclusión Se verificó buena adhesión al uso de guantes, delantal y mascarilla, baja adhesión al uso de anteojos de protección y uso innecesario de mascarillas y precauciones de contacto de ingreso.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the structure and adherence to the standardized and specific precautionary measures of health professionals in the Intensive Care Unit of a teaching hospital in the Federal District of Brazil. Method A descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study. A structured questionnaire was used via observations which recorded the practices of professionals with Individual Protection Equipment and indications of precautions. The chi-square test was applied, and the p-value was calculated. Results A total of 52 professionals participated in the study, and 445 care procedures were observed in 36 audit sessions. The average adhesion rate for equipment use was 72.72%, with 94.91% for gloves, 91.43% for aprons, 80% for masks and 24.56% for safety glasses. When there was no indication and no personal protective equipment was used, the average rate was 68.01%, with 30.77% for gloves, 87.58% for aprons, 57.58% for masks, and 96.13% for safety glasses. Contact precautions were unnecessarily indicated for 35% of patients. Conclusion Good adherence to using gloves, aprons and masks were observed, but there was poor adherence to using safety glasses and unnecessary use of masks and admission contact precautions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Prática Profissional , Precauções Universais , Controle de Infecções , Pessoal de Saúde , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança do Paciente , Hospitais de Ensino
11.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03470, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020385

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a frequência e as razões da omissão do cuidado de enfermagem e verificar se as razões de omissão diferem entre categorias profissionais. Método Estudo quantitativo e transversal realizado nas unidades de internação adulto de hospital público de uma instituição de ensino. A coleta de dados foi realizada no período de fevereiro a abril de 2017, por meio de uma ficha de caracterização pessoal e profissional e pelo instrumento MISSCARE-BRASIL. Resultados Participaram do estudo 58 profissionais de enfermagem responsáveis pela assistência direta ao paciente, dos quais 74,1% relataram pelo menos uma atividade de enfermagem omitida no turno de trabalho. As principais razões atribuídas à omissão do cuidado foram o dimensionamento inadequado dos profissionais, as situações de urgência com os pacientes durante o turno de trabalho e a não disponibilidade de medicamentos, materiais ou equipamentos quando necessário. Conclusão A maioria dos cuidados foi "sempre" ou "frequentemente" realizada, e as razões atribuídas para a omissão do cuidado estão relacionadas aos recursos laborais, materiais e estilo de gestão. Os enfermeiros diferem dos técnicos quanto às razões para a não realização dos cuidados.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar la frecuencia y las razones de la omisión del cuidado de enfermería y verificar si las razones de omisión difieren entre categorías profesionales. Método Estudio cuantitativo y transversal llevado a cabo en las unidades de hospitalización de adultos de un hospital público de un centro de enseñanza. La recolección de datos fue realizada en el período de febrero a abril de 2017, mediante una ficha de caracterización personal y profesional y por el instrumento MISSCARE-BRASIL. Resultados Participaron en el estudio 58 profesionales de enfermería responsables de la asistencia directa al paciente, de los que el 74,1% relataron por lo menos una actividad de enfermería omitida en el turno de trabajo. Las principales razones atribuidas a la omisión del cuidado fueron el dimensionamiento inadecuado de los profesionales, las situaciones de urgencias con los pacientes durante el turno de trabajo y la no disponibilidad de fármacos, materiales o equipos cuando necesario. Conclusión La mayoría de los cuidados fue "siempre" o "a menudo" realizada, y las razones atribuidas para la omisión del cuidado están relacionadas con los recursos laborales, materiales y estilo de gestión. Los enfermeros difieren de los técnicos en cuanto a las razones para la no realización de los cuidados.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the frequency and reasons for missed nursing care and to verify whether the reasons for omission differ between professional categories. Method A quantitative and cross-sectional study carried out in the adult hospitalization units of a public hospital of a teaching institution. Data collection was performed from February to April 2017, through a personal and professional characterization form and the MISSCARE-BRASIL instrument. Results Fifty-eight (58) nursing professionals responsible for direct patient care participated in the study, of which 74.1% reported at least one missed nursing care activity during the work shift. The main reasons attributed to missed care situations were an inadequate amount of professionals, urgent situations with the patients during the work shift, and the non-availability of medicine, materials or equipment when necessary. Conclusion Most care was "always" or "often" performed, and the reasons given for missed care are related to work resources, materials, and management style. Nurses differ from the technicians as to the reasons for not performing care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Avaliação em Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Segurança do Paciente
12.
Recurso educacional aberto em Espanhol | ID: oer-3858

RESUMO

III Jornada Hospital Nacional de Clínicas (HNC), organizada por la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Conferencia a cargo de la Mgter. Carol Mae Gilmore. Realizada el 10 de Mayo 2019


Assuntos
Acreditação de Instituições de Saúde , Segurança do Paciente , Atenção à Saúde
14.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(6): 892-897, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of preprocedural time-out on workflow and patient safety in computed tomography (CT)-guided procedures. METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study, preprocedure time-out was assessed by an independent observer in CT-guided procedures performed from January 16, 2018, to May 15, 2018. Anonymous survey of 302 radiology team members involved in image-guided procedures about preprocedure time-out was performed using REDCap. RESULTS: Preprocedure time-out for 100 CT-guided procedures (biopsies, drainages, ablations) was observed. Procedures were recruited per observer availability and thus were nonconsecutive and nonrandom. Preprocedure time-out was performed in 100 procedures (100%). Median duration was 60 seconds (interquartile range, 60-71 seconds). Scripted checklist was followed in 52 cases (52/100, 52%). Omissions from the preprocedure time-out were identified in 40 cases (40/100, 40%) and were much more frequent when scripted checklist was not used (30/48 [63%] vs 10/52 [19%], P < 0.005). One case (1/100, 1%) was postponed due to abnormal coagulation parameters discovered during the time-out. Three cases (3/100, 3%) were delayed by 3 minutes to address other safety issues. In additional 14 cases (14/100, 14%), safety issues were raised during the time-out, which were resolved in less than 30 seconds.A total of 137 (45%) of 302 survey responses from 54 radiologists (39%), 55 technologists (40%), and 28 nurses (20%) were received. Forty-eight respondents (48/137, 35%) encountered a procedure that was cancelled or delayed as a result of information identified during time-out. Ninety-six percent (131/137) of respondents stated that time-out improves teamwork, 98% (134/137) stated that it enhances communication between the team members, and 93% (127/137) stated that it identifies and resolves problems and ambiguities. CONCLUSIONS: Scripted preprocedure time-out for CT-guided procedures takes approximately 1 minute to execute and detects safety issues in 18% of cases.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem/métodos , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Segurança do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fluxo de Trabalho
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17569, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593143

RESUMO

Near misses and unsafe conditions have become more serious for patients in emergency departments (EDs). We aimed to search the near misses and unsafe conditions that occurred in an ED to improve patient safety.This was a retrospective analysis of a 10-year observational period from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2016. We gained access to the adverse event notification forms (AENFs) sent to the hospital quality department from the ED. Patient age, sex, and date of presentation were recorded. The near misses and unsafe conditions were classified into 7 types: medication errors, falls, management errors, penetrative-sharp tool injuries, incidents due to institution security, incidents due to medical equipment, and forensic events. The outcome of these events was recorded.A total of 220 AENF were reported from 294,673 ED visits. The median age of the 166 patients was 60 (21-95) years. Of these, 57.1% of the patients were females and 47.9% were males. The most commonly reported events were medication errors (32.7%) and management errors (27.3%). The median age of falling patients was 67.5 years. The nurse-patient ratio between 2007 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016 were 1/10 and 1/7, respectively. We found that when this ratio increased, the adverse events results were less significant (P < .003).This was the 1st study investigating the adverse events in ED in Turkey. The reporting ratio of 0.07% for the total ED visits was too low. This showed that adverse events were under-reported.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Erros de Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Assistência Gerenciada/estatística & dados numéricos , Erros Médicos/classificação , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Erros de Medicação/classificação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/classificação , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medidas de Segurança/classificação , Turquia/epidemiologia
16.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e2939, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence and avoidability of surgical adverse events in a teaching hospital and to classify the events according to the type of incident and degree of damage. METHOD: cross-sectional retrospective study carried out in two phases. In phase I, nurses performed a retrospective review on a simple randomized sample of 192 records of adult patients using the Canadian Adverse Events Study form for case tracking. Phase II aimed at confirming the adverse event by an expert committee composed of physicians and nurses. Data were analyzed by univariate descriptive statistics. RESULTS: the prevalence of surgical adverse events was 21.8%. In 52.4% of the cases, detection occurred on outpatient return. Of the 60 cases analyzed, 90% (n = 54) were preventable and more than two thirds resulted in mild to moderate damage. Surgical technical failures contributed in approximately 40% of the cases. There was a prevalence of the infection category associated with health care (50%, n = 30). Adverse events were mostly related to surgical site infection (30%, n = 18), suture dehiscence (16.7%, n = 10) and hematoma/seroma (15%, n = 9). CONCLUSION: the prevalence and avoidability of surgical adverse events are challenges faced by hospital management.


Assuntos
Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/normas , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
17.
Gesundheitswesen ; 81(10): e154-e170, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574556

RESUMO

There are huge expectations to improve quality and efficiency of prevention and healthcare by using digital health applications. In contrast to the dynamically growing supply and a high affinity of large parts of the population to use health and medical apps, there is a lack of data and methods to assess quality, benefit, and patient safety with health apps, most of them are not yet regulated .This memorandum outlines core questions that should be addressed by future health services research in order to evaluate the impact of health and medical apps on quality of processes and patient outcomes and to take advantage of their potential as new data sources for scientific research.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Alemanha , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Segurança do Paciente
18.
Nursing ; 49(10): 49-52, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568083

RESUMO

Urethral characterization can be difficult for patients and providers alike. This article describes an evidence-based protocol for difficult urethral catheter insertions in male patients.


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Cateterismo Urinário/enfermagem , Algoritmos , Humanos , Masculino , Segurança do Paciente , Risco , Uretra/anatomia & histologia , Cateterismo Urinário/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Urinário/métodos
20.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(669): 1962-1966, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663695

RESUMO

In ambulatory care, the community pharmacist and the general practitioner most often interact through the dispensing of medicines in pharmacies following a prescription from the physician. However, this interaction can be reinforced by other practices that can increase the quality and safety of care. Interprofessional collaboration is possible through the development of increasing interrelationships, particularly in the sharing of information through dialogue on common objectives that integrate the perspectives of patients and professionals, and through joint decision-making. In this article, interprofessional collaboration between pharmacists and general practitioners is described, as well as data from the literature and some concrete examples from the regular practice of pharmacists and physicians in Unisanté.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Comportamento Cooperativo , Relações Interprofissionais , Farmacêuticos , Médicos , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente
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