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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(17): 9182-9187, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965012

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic has underlined that unknown viral infections, which jump from animals to humans, can be extremely dangerous. In case of new viruses as SARS-CoV2, available drugs can fail to contrast the virus aggressiveness leading patients to death. Long time is necessary to create a vaccine, but immediate solutions are necessary to stop the mortality COVID-19 related. We have learned that the immune-system is the key to reduce the severity of COVID-19 and, through its modulation, it has been possible saving people's life. In this short communication, we discuss the use of nutraceuticals to modulate and stimulate the immune answer for reducing the severity of COVID-19 symptoms. The nutraceuticals are safe and can be administered to all ages. In addition, combination of natural anti-viral elements and immune-stimulating molecules already successfully tested against others upper-respiratory tract infections-could be efficient against SARS-CoV2. We believe that these natural molecules could really be a valid ally against COVID-19, especially in this moment in which a SARS-CoV2 vaccine is still not available.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Lactobacillus/fisiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Selênio/farmacologia , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 203: 111016, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888590

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is considered a beneficial element to higher plants based on its regulation of antioxidative system under abiotic or biotic stresses. However, the limit of beneficial and toxic physiological effects of Se is very narrow. In the present study, the antioxidant performance, nutritional composition, long-distance transport of Se, photosynthetic pigments, and growth of Coffea arabica genotypes in response to Se concentration in solution were evaluated. Five Coffea arabica genotypes (Obatã, IPR99, IAC125, IPR100 and Catucaí) were used, which were grown in the absence and presence of Se (0 and 1.0 mmol L-1) in nutrient solution. The application of 1 mmol L-1 Se promoted root browning in all genotypes. There were no visual symptoms of leaf toxicity, but there was a reduction in the concentration of phosphorus and sulfur in the shoots of plants exposed to high Se concentration. Except for genotype Obatã, the coffee seedlings presented strategies for regulating Se uptake by reducing long-distance transport of Se from roots to shoots. The concentrations of total chlorophyll, total pheophytin, and carotenoids were negatively affected in genotypes Obatã, IPR99, and IAC125 upon exposure to Se at 1 mmol L-1. H2O2 production was reduced in genotypes IPR99, IPR100, and IAC125 upon exposure to Se, resulting in lower activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT). These results suggest that antioxidant metabolism was effective in regulating oxidative stress in plants treated with Se. The increase in sucrose, and decrease in SOD, CAT and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activities, as well as Se compartmentalization in the roots, were the main biochemical and physiological modulatory effects of coffee seedlings under stress conditions due to excess of Se.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Coffea/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Coffea/genética , Coffea/metabolismo , Coffea/fisiologia , Genótipo , Oxirredução , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/genética , Plântula/metabolismo , Plântula/fisiologia , Selênio/análise , Selênio/metabolismo , Especificidade da Espécie
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 204: 111049, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758698

RESUMO

Recent studies identified a novel programmed and regulated cell death that was characterized by a necrotic cell death morphology, termed necroptosis. Lead (Pb) is known as a persistent inorganic environmental pollutant that affects the health of humans and animals worldwide. However, there are no detailed reports of Pb-induced necroptosis of immune tissue. Selenium (Se) is a trace element that antagonizes the toxicity of heavy metals. Here, chickens were randomly divided into four groups, treated with Pb ((CH3OO)2Pb, 150 mg/kg) and/or Se (Na2SeO3, 2 mg/kg), aim to study the effect and mechanism of necroptosis in Pb-induced spleen injury and the antagonistic effects of Se on Pb toxicity. Our results showed that Pb exposure evidently increased the accumulation of Pb in spleen and caused necroptosis by upregulating the expression of RIP1, RIP3 and MLKL, and decreasing Caspase8 expression. Meanwhile, Pb treatment inhibited the activities of SOD, GPX, and CAT, caused the accumulation of NO and MDA, and induced oxidative stress, which promoted the expression of MAPK/NF-κB pathway genes (ERK, JNK, P38, NF-κB and TNF-α) and activated HSPs (HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70 and HSP90). However, the increased content of Pb in spleen and Pb-caused necroptosis were inhibited by Se cotreatment. Overall, we conclude that Se can prevent Pb-induced necroptosis by restoring antioxidant functions and blocking the MAPK/NF-κB pathway and HSPs activation in chicken spleen.


Assuntos
Galinhas/fisiologia , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Chumbo/toxicidade , Necroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Selênio/farmacologia , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/fisiologia
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4501-4521, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606691

RESUMO

Purpose: Elevation of blood homocysteine (Hcy) level (hyperhomocysteinemia) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disorders and is closely associated with endothelial dysfunction. The present study aims to investigate the protective effect and underlying mechanism of nanoscale selenium (Nano-Se) in Hcy-mediated vascular endothelial cell dysfunction in vitro and in vivo. Materials and Methods: By incubating vascular endothelial cells with exogenous Hcy and generating hyperhomocysteinemic rat model, the effects of Nano-Se on hyperhomocysteinemia-mediated endothelial dysfunction and its essential mechanisms were investigated. Results: Nano-Se inhibited Hcy-induced mitochondrial oxidative damage and apoptosis by preventing the downregulation of glutathione peroxidase enzyme 1 and 4 (GPX1, GPX4) in the vascular endothelial cells, thus effectively prevented the vascular damage in vitro and in vivo in the hyperhomocysteinemic rats. Nano-Se possessed similar protective effects but lower toxicity against Hcy in vascular endothelial cells when compared with other forms of Se. Conclusion: The application of Nano-Se could serve as a novel promising strategy against Hcy-mediated vascular dysfunction with reduced risk of Se toxicity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/patologia , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/fisiopatologia , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Disponibilidade Biológica , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Homocisteína , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/complicações , Hipertensão/complicações , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4523-4540, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606692

RESUMO

Purpose: Selenium nanoparticles (SeNP) have several applications in the field of biotechnology, including their use as anti-cancer drugs. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the efficacy of green synthesis on the preparation of SeNP and its effect on their anti-cancer properties. Methods: A bacterial strain isolated from a freshwater source was shown to efficiently synthesize SeNP with potential therapeutic properties. The quality and stability of the NP were studied by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, zeta-potential and FTIR analysis. A cost-effective medium formulation from biowaste having 6% banana peel extract enriched with 0.25 mM tryptophan was used to synthesize the NP. The NP after optimization was used to analyze their anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic activity. For this purpose, first, the cytotoxicity of the NP against cancer cells was analyzed by MTT assay and then chorioallantoic membrane assay was performed to assess anti-angiogenic activity. Further, cell migration assay and clonogenic inhibition assay were performed to test the anti-tumor properties of SeNP. To assess the cytotoxicity of SeNP on healthy RBC, hemolysis assay was performed. Results: The strain identified as Pseudomonas stutzeri (MH191156) produced phenazine carboxylic acid, which aids the conversion of Se oxyanions to reduced NP state, resulting in particles in the size range of 75 nm to 200 nm with improved stability and quality of SeNP, as observed by zeta (ξ) potential of the particles which was found to be -46.2 mV. Cytotoxicity of the SeNP was observed even at low concentrations such as 5 µg/mL against cervical cancer cell line, ie, HeLa cells. Further, neovascularization was inhibited by upto 30 % in CAMs of eggs coinoculated with SeNp when compared with untreated controls, indicating significant anti-angiogenic activity of SeNP. The NP also inhibited the invasiveness of HeLa cells as observed by decreased cell migration and clonogenic proliferation. These observations indicate significant anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic activity of the SeNP in cervical cancer cells. Conclusion: P. stutzeri (MH191156) is an efficient source of Se NP production with potential anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor properties, particularly against cervical cancer cells.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Pseudomonas stutzeri/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Galinha , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Células HeLa , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Fenazinas/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Eletricidade Estática , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Difração de Raios X
6.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4275-4288, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606677

RESUMO

Purpose: Selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs) are promising antibacterial agents to tackle the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance. The aim of this study was to fabricate Se NPs with a net positive charge to enhance their antibacterial efficacy. Methods: Se NPs were coated with a positively charged protein - recombinant spider silk protein eADF4(κ16) - to give them a net positive surface charge. Their cytotoxicity and antibacterial activity were investigated, with negatively charged polyvinyl alcohol coated Se NPs as a control. Besides, these eADF4(κ16)-coated Se NPs were immobilized on the spider silk films, and the antibacterial activity of these films was investigated. Results: Compared to the negatively charged polyvinyl alcohol coated Se NPs, the positively charged eADF4(κ16)-coated Se NPs demonstrated a much higher bactericidal efficacy against the Gram-negative bacteria E. coli, with a minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) approximately 50 times lower than that of negatively charged Se NPs. Cytotoxicity testing showed that the eADF4(κ16)-coated Se NPs are safe to both Balb/3T3 mouse embryo fibroblasts and HaCaT human skin keratinocytes up to 31 µg/mL, which is much higher than the MBC of these particles against E. coli (8 ± 1 µg/mL). In addition, antibacterial coatings were created by immobilising the eADF4(κ16)-coated Se NPs on positively charged spider silk films and these were shown to retain good bactericidal efficacy and overcome the issue of low particle stability in culture broth. It was found that these Se NPs needed to be released from the film surface in order to exert their antibacterial effects and this release can be regulated by the surface charge of the film, such as the change of the spider silk protein used. Conclusion: Overall, eADF4(κ16)-coated Se NPs are promising new antibacterial agents against life-threatening bacteria.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Selênio/farmacologia , Seda/farmacologia , Células 3T3 , Animais , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula
7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(31): 38607-38616, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623680

RESUMO

A 42-day comparative study was conducted to assess the impact of nanoselenium to other selenium sources on performance, antioxidant activity, immunity, and carcass traits in broilers. Ross 308 (n = 156) 1-day-old broiler chicks, with average initial body weight of 45.80 ± 0.35, were randomly allocated to 4 groups. The first group (G1) fed the basal diet without selenium supplementation. The second group (G2), the third group (G3), and the fourth group (G4) were supplemented with dietary selenium at the level of 0.3 mg kg-1 diet in the form of sodium selenite, seleno-methionine, and nanoselenium, respectively. The results revealed significant improvement on most of the performance parameters of nanoselenium at the level of 0.3 mg kg-1 diet (P < 0.05). Nanoselenium and seleno-methionine achieved the best dressing %, spleen index %, and thymus index %. Concerning to internal organ indices, none of these indices was significantly affected by any selenium sources (P < 0.05). Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were not significantly affected by different selenium sources among all experimental groups. Serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) showed significant (P < 0.05) decrease in nanoselenium supplemented group compared with other groups. In case of serum IL-10 level, a significant (P < 0.05) increase was reported in nanoselenium supplemented group followed by G3 then G2. There were no statistical differences in the serum alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, total protein, albumin concentration, serum creatinine level, and uric acid concentration levels among all experimental groups. It is concluded that nano selenium can be a useful and better source of selenium for broilers.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Selênio/farmacologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Antioxidantes , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Glutationa Peroxidase
8.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 36(6): 1162-1169, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597065

RESUMO

In recent years, selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) have been widely used in many fields such as nanotechnology, biomedicine and environmental remediation due to their good electrical conductivity, photothermal properties and anticancer properties. In this study, the cell-free supernatant, whole cell and the cell-free extracts of the strain Cupriavidus sp. SHE were used to synthesize SeNPs, and several methods were applied to analyze the crystal structure and surface functional groups of the nanoparticles. Finally, Pseudomonas sp. PI1 (G⁺) and Escherichia coli BL21 (G⁻) were selected to investigate the antibacterial properties of SeNPs. Cell-free supernatant, whole cell and cell-free extracts of the strain could synthesize SeNPs. As for the cell-free supernatant, selenite concentration of 5 mmol/L and pH=7 were favorable for the synthesis of SeNPs. TEM images show that the average size of nanospheres synthesized by the supernatant was 196 nm. XRD analysis indicates the hexagonal crystals structure of SeNPs. FTIR and SDS-PAGE confirmed the proteins bound to the surfaces of SeNPs. SeNPs synthesized by cell-free supernatant showed no antimicrobial activities against Pseudomonas sp. PI1 and Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). These results suggest that proteins played an important role in biotransformation of SeNPs in an eco-friendly process, and SeNPs synthesized in this study were non-toxic and biologically compatible, which might be applied in other fields in the future.


Assuntos
Cupriavidus , Nanopartículas , Selênio , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Cupriavidus/metabolismo , Ácido Selenioso/análise , Selênio/química , Selênio/farmacologia
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3497-3509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547009

RESUMO

Purpose: The existing treatment modalities for rheumatoid arthritis are less effective and safe, therefore it is essential to develop new treatments that particularly target the inflamed joints with decreased off-target side-effects. The current study proposes a nanoparticle-based therapeutic approach to target the anti-oxidant defense system of arthritic Balb/c mice. Methods: Biogenic selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were synthesized by using Trachyspermum ammi seed extract and were evaluated for their toxicological, as well as their therapeutic potential in collagen-induced arthritic mice. Results: The tested doses of SeNPs had no significant toxic effects on liver, kidney, spleen, and serum biochemical parameters in comparison to healthy mice. The SeNPs treatment reduced the disease severity, as demonstrated by decreased paw edema along with reduced lymphocytic cellular infiltration in the histopathological findings. SeNPs also revealed dose-independent improvement in the redox state of inflamed synovium by significantly improving the activity of antioxidant enzymes in comparison to the arthritic controls. Conclusion: It is therefore concluded that nano-selenium in combination with TAE extract showed enhanced therapeutic efficacy as compared to their individual effects.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Apiaceae/química , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Selênio/toxicidade , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Bovinos , Edema/patologia , Feminino , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/enzimologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Extratos Vegetais/química , Selênio/administração & dosagem , Selênio/farmacologia , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/patologia
10.
Chemosphere ; 258: 127341, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563067

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is a primary environmental pollutant which causes the immune dysfunction of aquatic animals. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in programmed necrosis and apoptosis of immune organs. Selenium (Se), known as an important element, can antagonize Cd toxicity in birds, but the impact of Se on common carps (Cyprinus carpio) has not been reported. To investigate the Cd-induced immunotoxicity mechanism mediated by miR-216a in splenic lymphocytes of common carp and antagonized by Se, we extracted lymphocytes from the spleen and divided them into control group, Se group (10-6 mol/L of Na2SeO3), Se + Cd group and Cd group (4 × 10-5 mol/L of CdCl2). After 6 h of incubation, AO/EB staining, Flow cytometry, qPCR and Western blot were performed. The results showed that Cd exposure caused the apoptosis (BAX, Bcl-2, Caspase 3, Caspase 9) and programmed necrosis (RIP, RIP3, MLKL) in lymphocytes, increased the expression of CYP enzymes, glycometabolism-related enzymes and production of ROS, while irritated the oxidative stress (MDA, SOD, CAT and GSH-PX), upregulated the expression of miR-216a which attenuated the levels of PI3K. However, those variations were apparently mitigated in the Se + Cd group. In short, we have proven that Cd activates oxidative stress and miR-216a-PI3K/AKT axis disorder, thus promoting apoptosis and necrosis in lymphocytes. Moreover, Se can antagonize Cd-triggered apoptosis and necrosis in lymphocytes.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/toxicidade , Carpas/metabolismo , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Animais , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Necrose/induzido quimicamente , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Baço/citologia
11.
Environ Pollut ; 260: 113873, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369892

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd), a heavy metal contaminant, exists in humans and animals throughout life and closely associate with severe hepatotoxicity. Selenium (Se) has been recognized as an effective chemo-protectant of Cd, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The objective of the present study is to illustrate the antagonistic effect of Se against Cd-induced hepatotoxicity. Primary hepatocytes were cultured in the presence of 5 µM Cd, 1 µM Se and the mixture of 1 µM Se and 5 µM Cd for 24 h. Cell viability and morphology, antioxidant status, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response and selenotranscriptome were assessed. It was observed that Se treatment dramatically alleviated Cd-induced hepatocytes death and morphological change. Simultaneously, Se mitigated Cd-induced oxidative stress by reducing ROS production, increasing reduced glutathione (GSH) level and increasing selenoenzyme (glutathione peroxidase, GPX) activity. Cd induced hepatotoxicity via disordering ER-resident selenoproteins transcription and triggering ER stress and unfolded protein response. Supplementary Se evidently relieved hepatocytes injury via modulating ER-resident selenoproteins transcription to inhibit ER stress. Collectively, our findings showed a potential protection of Se against Cd-induced hepatotoxicity via suppressing ER stress response.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Selenoproteínas/biossíntese , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 200: 110768, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460053

RESUMO

Consuming arsenic (As)-contaminated vegetables is the main route of As exposure in humans. The present study focused on the alterations in antioxidant enzymatic activities and As bioaccessibility in As-contaminated radish subjected to Se. Compared to the CK group, the total As content in raw radish was reduced by 27.5 ± 1.3%, and the bioaccessibility of As was reduced by 21.9 ± 2.3% in the 6 mg Se kg-1 treatment group. The total As content in the treatment groups decreased first but then increased with increasing Se application in raw radish, gastric (G) fraction and gastrointestinal (GI) fraction, while the antioxidant activity exhibited the opposite trend. The results revealed that a low amount of Se effectively blocks the accumulation of As in radish, improves the antioxidant activity in radish and reduces the bioaccessibility of As. These findings provide new ideas for effectively alleviating the spread of As to the human body through the food chain.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Arsênico/toxicidade , Raphanus/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Verduras/efeitos dos fármacos , Arsênico/metabolismo , Bioacumulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Disponibilidade Biológica , Digestão , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Raphanus/enzimologia , Raphanus/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Verduras/enzimologia , Verduras/metabolismo
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455743

RESUMO

This study investigates how arsenic (As) uptake, accumulation, and migration responds to selenium (Se) foliar application (0-5.0 mg × kg-1). Rice varieties known to accumulate low (DOURADOAGULHA) and high (SINALOAA68) concentrations of arsenic were chosen to grow on soil with different As concentrations (20.1, 65.2, 83.9 mg × kg-1). The results showed that Se of 1.0 mg × L-1 significantly alleviated As stress on upland rice grown on the As-contaminated soil. Under light (65.2 mg × kg-1) and moderate (83.9 mg × kg-1) As concentration treatments, the biomass of upland rice was increased by 23.15% and 36.46% for DOURADOAGULHA, and 46.3% and 54.9% for SINALOAA68. However, the high Se dose (5.0 mg × kg-1) had no significant effect on biomass and heights of upland rice compared to plants where no Se was added. Se significantly decreased As contents in stems and leaves and had different effects on As transfer coefficients for the two rice varieties: when grown on soil with low and moderate As concentrations, Se could reduce the transfer coefficient from stems to leaves, but when grown on the high As soils, this was not the case. The chlorophyll content in plants grown in soil with the moderate concentration of As could be improved by 27.4%-55.3% compared with no Se treatment. Under different As stress, the Se foliar application increased the net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate, which meant that Se could enhance the photosynthesis of rice. The intercellular CO2 concentration variation implied that the stomatal or non-stomatal limitations could both occur for different rice varieties under different Se application doses. In conclusion, under moderate As stress, foliar application of Se (1.0 mg × L-1) is recommend to overcome plant damage and As accumulation.


Assuntos
Arsênico , Oryza , Selênio , Poluentes do Solo , Arsênico/farmacocinética , Cádmio , Fotossíntese , Ácido Selenioso , Selênio/farmacologia , Poluentes do Solo/farmacocinética
16.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 1915-1920, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: New anticancer drugs are usually tested on cancer cells in culture in a standard medium. We stimulated immune polynuclear cells by lipopolysaccharides to obtain an enriched medium (EM) containing inflammatory cytokines more closely reflecting the tumor microenvironment and tested a rhenium-diselenium (Re-diSe) drug in this new model. Concentrations of cytokines were compared with a control medium (CM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human-derived breast cancer cells were grown in culture either in CM or EM with or without Re-diSe. Assays of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin 6 (IL6), intereukin 1 beta (IL1ß), transforming growth factor-beta (TGFß), insulin growth factor 1 (IGF1) and vascular epidermal growth factor A (VEGFA) were performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined by 2,7-dichlorofluorescein test. The cell growth was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide tests. RESULTS: Concentrations of TNFα, IL6 and Il1ß were observed to be significantly higher in EM than in CM. There was no difference for TGFß, IGF1 and VEGFA. The cells were sensitive to Re-diSe, with reduced concentrations of TGFß, IGF1, VEGFA and ROS, but the half-maximal inhibitory concentration was significantly higher in EM than in CM. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of the Re-diSe drug was confirmed in this model of aggressive cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Rênio/farmacologia , Selênio/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2287-2302, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32280221

RESUMO

Background: Mitochondrial dysfunction played a vital role in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including acute lung injury (ALI). However, few strategies targeting mitochondria were developed in treating ALI. Recently, we fabricated a porous Se@SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with antioxidant properties. Methods: The protective effect of Se@SiO2 NPs was assessed using confocal imaging, immunoblotting, RNA-seq, mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) activity assay, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in airway epithelial cell line (Beas-2B). The in vivo efficacy of Se@SiO2 NPs was evaluated in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI mouse model. Results: This study demonstrated that Se@SiO2 NPs significantly increased the resistance of airway epithelial cells under oxidative injury and shifted lipopolysaccharide-induced gene expression profile closer to the untreated controls. The cytoprotection of Se@SiO2 was found to be achieved by maintaining mitochondrial function, activity, and dynamics. In an animal model of ALI, pretreated with the NPs improved mitochondrial dysfunction, thus reducing inflammatory responses and diffuse damage in lung tissues. Additionally, RNA-seq analysis provided evidence for the broad modulatory activity of our Se@SiO2 NPs in various metabolic disorders and inflammatory diseases. Conclusion: This study brought new insights into mitochondria-targeting bioactive NPs, with application potential in curing ALI or other human mitochondria-related disorders.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Selênio/farmacologia , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Citoproteção , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Porosidade , Selênio/química , Dióxido de Silício/química
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 196: 110525, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224370

RESUMO

Fragrant rice is a high-valued quality rice type which is gaining much popularity over the globe due to its better cooking qualities and special aromatic characteristics. Selenium (Se) and silicon (Si) could improve the growth and yield of rice; however, the combine effects of Se and Si (Se-Si treatments) on rice grain quality, aroma and lodging in fragrant rice were rarely investigated. The pot and field experiments were conducted with two fragrant rice cultivars i.e., Xiangyaxiangzhan and Yuxiangyouzhan, grown under three Se levels i.e., 0, 120, and 240 mg kg-1 of soil (for pot experiment) and 0, 300, and 600 kg ha-1 (for field experiment) regarded as LSe, MSe and HSe, respectively and two Si levels i.e., 0 and 60 mg kg-1 of soil (for pot experiment) and 0 and 150 kg ha-1 (for field experiment) regarded as -Si and +Si, respectively. Results depicted that the Se-Si treatments regulated head rice yield, grain yield and yield related traits and the HSe+Si treatment sustainably improved the grain yield and head rice yield by regulating plant growth, antioxidant response and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in fragrant rice. The Se-Si treatments also improved the grain 2AP contents owing to regulation in the proline, pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) contents. Besides, Se-Si treatments also regulated the grain quality attributes and influenced the plant Se contents. Moreover, the Si mitigated Se-induced lodging resulted from changes in the lodging parameters i.e., lodging index, fresh weight per tiller, pushing resistance force, plant height and bending moment. Overall, the Se and Si application improved the grain yield and regulated the dry weight accumulation, antioxidant attributes and quality attributes. Meanwhile, the Si application mitigated the negative effect of Se-induced lodging in fragrant rice.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível/efeitos dos fármacos , Odorantes/análise , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Silício/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Grão Comestível/química , Grão Comestível/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Malondialdeído/análise , Oryza/química , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Prolina/análise , Pirróis/análise , Solo/química
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 195: 110479, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199213

RESUMO

Cypermethrin (CYP), a class II synthetic pyrethroid, is used to control household insects. CYP can cross the blood-brain barrier to exert neurotoxicity through changes in sodium ion channels. Selenium is an essential component of glutathione peroxidise enzyme; in addition, it shows a potential anti-inflammatory property. The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective role of Nano-Se on CYP-induced neurotoxicity. Twenty-four adult male Wister rats were randomly divided into three groups: a) control, b) CYP (1mg/kg) administered orally for 21 days, c) CYP (1mg/kg) administered orally for 21 days and Nano-Se (2.5 mg/kg) given once a day three times a week for three weeks). Locomotor activity was assessed using open field test then rats were sacrificed under anaesthesia, and their brains were dissected out and processed for biochemical and histopathological studies. Histological examination of CYP-treated rats demonstrated some degenerative changes; besides, CYP affected rat locomotor activity. CYP-treated rats showed increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), TNF-α and IL-1ß in addition to the reduction of glutathione (GSH) levels and gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA). Nano-Se restored normal behavioural function and significantly attenuated CYP-evoked degenerative changes. Nano-Se increased levels of GABA and glutathione; on the other hand, it significantly prevented the rise in the levels of MDA, TNF-α and IL-1ß. Therefore, Nano-Se demonstrated both anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. Nano-Se may be suggested to be a prospective candidate to ameliorate CYP-induced neurotoxicity.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Piretrinas/toxicidade , Selênio/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/metabolismo , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
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