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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33801912

RESUMO

Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychological factor that contributes to mental health maintenance under stressful environment. Likewise, level of SOC might affect mental health among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic differently. In this study, we investigated the relationships between lifestyle changes and mental health (General Health Questionnaire-12: GHQ-12) among different level of SOC (weak, moderate, or strong by SOC-13). The data of 898 healthcare workers from cross-sectional survey dataset were extracted and analyzed. As results, based on GHQ-12 score, 86.1% of 244 participants with weak SOC, 60.1% of 606 participants with moderate SOC, and 31.3% of 48 participants with strong SOC had poor mental health. Both SOC levels and lifestyle changes (except alcohol consumption) had significant main effects on the GHQ-12 score. Analysis on the association between lifestyle changes and mental health status stratified by SOC level reveled that among participants with weak SOC, those who increased their leisure and activity time had reduced odds of poor mental health than those who made no changes (OR: 0.08, CI: 0.01 to 0.64). Healthcare workers with weak SOC were at risk of poor mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, and lifestyle changes may improve their mental health.


Assuntos
Senso de Coerência , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Psychol ; 155(3): 292-308, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577744

RESUMO

Personal recovery is a process of developing new meaning and purpose in life beyond the catastrophic effects of mental illness. Benefit finding (BF) is conceptualized as finding positive changes or benefits through experiences in adversity. Sense of coherence (SOC) focuses on how people can stay healthy and maintain well-being, even in adversity. This study aimed to examine the relationships among the initial levels and longitudinal changes in personal recovery, BF, and SOC among people with chronic mental illness in Japan. In this longitudinal study, a two-wave self-report questionnaire survey was conducted for service users aged 20 or older with mental illness using convenience sampling method in 2014 and 2015. We applied the Latent Change Score approach. Model fit was evaluated according to the CFI and RMSEA. Among 373 eligible participants at baseline, valid responses in both T1 and T2 from 195 respondents were included in the study (valid response rate = 52.3%). Among them, 65.6% were male, with average age of 45.6. The model of the three constructs at the two time points had good to reasonable fit to the data. The initial levels and changes in personal recovery, BF, and SOC were significantly and positively related to each other.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Senso de Coerência , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 79(3): 218-231, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this integrative review was to describe salutogenic factors associated with oral health outcomes in older people, from the theoretical perspectives of Antonovsky and Lalonde. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was based on a primary selection of 10,016 articles. To organize reported salutogenic factors, the Lalonde health field concept and Antonovsky's salutogenic theory were cross tabulated. RESULTS: The final analysis was based on 58 studies. The following oral health outcome variables were reported: remaining teeth, caries, periodontal disease, oral function and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). We could identify 77 salutogenic factors for oral health and OHRQoL. Salutogenic factors were identified primarily within the fields of Human Biology (such as 'higher saliva flow', 'BMI < 30 kg/m2' and 'higher cognitive ability at age 11'), Lifestyle (such as 'higher education level', 'social network diversity' and 'optimal oral health behaviour') and Environment (such as 'lower income inequality', 'public water fluoridation' and 'higher neighbourhood education level'). In the age group 60 years and over, there was a lack of studies with specific reference to salutogenic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide an overview of salutogenic factors for oral health from two theoretical perspectives. The method allowed concomitant disclosure of both theoretical perspectives and examination of their congruence. Further hypothesis-driven research is needed to understand how elderly people can best maintain good oral health.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Senso de Coerência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
4.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 209(3): 218-227, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620914

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This review sought to investigate the accuracy of traumatic memories in persons with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase were searched for articles, and 11 studies were included. Three different methods of studying memory accuracy were identified in the included articles: coherence, change in recollection of trauma over time, and remembering details of trauma. Three studies found a deficiency in the accuracy of traumatic memory. Despite some inconsistencies, most of the studies concluded that the memory of trauma is as accurate in people with as in those without PTSD. The only recurring difference identified across studies was in recollection of trauma over time. The findings are of importance both clinically and for the legal system.


Assuntos
Rememoração Mental , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Humanos , Memória , Senso de Coerência
5.
Spec Care Dentist ; 41(2): 170-177, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relevance of sense of coherence (SOC) is important to the wellbeing of parents, especially mothers of children and adolescents with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). OBJECTIVE: Determine whether the oral health status of children/adolescents with OI is associated with mother's SOC. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A paired cross-sectional study was conducted with 37 children/adolescents with OI, 37 without OI, and their respective mothers. The children/adolescents were between two and 19 years of age, mean age 7.2 years, being 47 male and 27 female. The mothers completed Antonovsky's SOC questionnaire (SOC-13), and the oral status of the children/adolescents was investigated. The following clinical conditions were evaluated: dentinogenesis imperfecta, malocclusion, gingivitis, and dental caries experience. RESULTS: The genetic condition of the children was significantly associated with mother's SOC (P < .001). Mothers of children with OI had lower SOC scores (mean: 35.6 [± 4.9]) than mothers of children without OI (mean: 38.5 [± 4.3]). In the group with OI, a low socioeconomic status was associated with lower mother's SOC scores (P = .004). In both groups, dental caries experience was associated with lower mother's SOC scores (P = .007). Most individuals with OI presented malocclusion (78.3%) and experience of dental caries (59.4%). CONCLUSION: Having a child with OI influenced the sense of coherence of the mothers. Socioeconomic status and dental caries experience in children and adolescents with OI were associated with mother's SOC.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Osteogênese Imperfeita , Senso de Coerência , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Saúde Bucal
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316934

RESUMO

Maintaining and promoting teachers' work ability is essential for increasing productivity and preventing early exit from the teaching profession. This study aimed to identify the predictors of work ability among upper-secondary school teachers and examine the mediating role of burnout. A large and diverse group of Czech upper-secondary school teachers was surveyed to address this goal. The sample comprised 531 upper-secondary school teachers (50.0 ± 9.94 years, 19.9 ± 10.62 in the teaching profession, 57.6% females). Relatively greater empirical support was found for the effects of burnout, sense of coherence, work-life balance, and perceived relationships in the school environment on work ability than for the impact of age, homeroom teacher duties, workload, and caring for elderly relatives. Furthermore, burnout served as an important mediator of the relationship between sense of coherence and work ability. Teachers with a higher sense of coherence are thus better able to cope with adverse work circumstances and identify and mobilize internal and external resources to prevent professional exhaustion and the subsequent decline in work ability. The study can guide interventions on the work ability of teachers.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estilo de Vida , Professores Escolares , Senso de Coerência , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317102

RESUMO

The original aim of this study was a follow-up assessment of a recreational program running for six months (September 2019-February 2020) within controlled conditions. Following the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic, the survey acquired a new goal: how do the subjects of the follow-up sampling experience this severe stress situation, and in this experience, what role does physical activity and a salutogenetic sense of coherence play. Austrian women (N = 53) took part in the training program, whose physical condition was assessed before the start of the program, then reassessed after three months and after six months; the organizers also had them fill out the sense of coherence questionnaire (SOC) as well as the Regensburger insomnia scale. After the lifting of the lockdown introduced due to the pandemic, participants completed an online survey relating to their changed life conditions, physical activities, sense of coherence and sleep quality. Results: After the first three months of the training, no significant changes were detected. After six months, the participants SOC and sleep quality improved (Friedman test: p = 0.005 and p < 0.001). During the lockdown, sleep quality generally deteriorated (W-rank test: p = 0.001), while SOC did not change. The women in possession of a relatively stronger SOC continued the training (OR = 3.6, CI 95% = 1.2-12.2), and their sleep quality deteriorated to a lesser degree. (OR = 1.7, CI 95% = 1.1-2.8). Conclusion: The data reinforce the interdependency between physical exercise (PE) and SOC; furthermore, the personal training that the authors formulated for middle-aged women proved to be successful in strengthening their sense of coherence, and it also reduced the deterioration in sleep quality due to stress.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Senso de Coerência , Sono , Áustria , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180376, Jan.-Dec. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1059136

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify and synthesize evidence that relates the salutogenic theory proposed by Antonovsky with cardiovascular disease in adults. Methods: we conducted a scoping review as proposed by Arksey and O'Malley. Bibliographic databases were searched for original research articles about salutogenesis and cardiovascular health. The search yielded 29 studies that met the previously defined inclusion criteria. The results were evaluated and summarized in the form of a narrative. Results: the findings of the studies pointed to a correlation among a strong sense of coherence, high quality of life and a greater likelihood of adopting healthy behaviors. Furthermore, the articles showed that social support improves perceived health and well-being of adults with cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: as a central concept of the salutogenic theory, a sense of coherence represents a topic of interest for nursing professionals. Through their interventions, nurses can strengthen and improve people's skills in the quest for and maintenance of their own health.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar e sintetizar as evidências que relacionam a teoria salutogênica proposta pelo Antonosvsky com doenças cardiovasculares em adultos. Métodos: realizou-se uma revisão exploratória da literatura de acordo com a proposta de Arksey e O'Malley e identificou-se artigos de pesquisa originais sobre a salutogênese e a saúde cardiovascular por meio de bases de dados bibliográficas. Desses, 29 cumpriram com os critérios de inclusão previamente definidos. Os resultados foram avaliados e sintetizados em uma narrativa. Resultados: os resultados demonstram uma correlação entre um forte sentido de coerência, melhor qualidade de vida e maior tendência de adotar condutas saudáveis, além de evidenciarem que o apoio social melhora a percepção de saúde e o bem-estar de adultos com doenças cardiovasculares. Conclusões: o sentido de coerência como conceito central da teoria salutogênica representa um tema de interesse para profissionais de enfermagem. Por meio de intervenções, estes podem fortalecer e melhorar as capacidades das pessoas na busca e manutenção de sua própria saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar y sintetizar la evidencia que relaciona la teoría salutogénica propuesta por Antonovsky con enfermedad cardiovascular en personas adultas. Métodos: se llevó a cabo un scoping review según lo propuesto por Arksey y O'Malley, se identificaron artículos de investigación originales sobre salutogénesis y salud cardiovascular a través de bases de datos bibliográficas, de los cuales 29 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión definidos previamente. Los resultados fueron evaluados y sintetizados en una narrativa. Resultados: los hallazgos demuestran relación entre un fuerte sentido de coherencia, con una alta calidad de vida y mayor tendencia a adoptar conductas saludables, además evidencian que el apoyo social mejora la percepción de la salud y el bienestar de las personas adultas con enfermedad cardiovascular. Conclusiones: el sentido de coherencia como concepto central de la teoría salutogénica representa un tema de interés para los profesionales de enfermería quienes, a través de intervenciones, podrán fortalecer y mejorar las capacidades de las personas para la búsqueda y mantenimiento de su propia salud.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Senso de Coerência , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde , Revisão , Adulto , Estilo de Vida Saudável
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The need to make sense of coherence in placement support for student dental hygienists has been shown. On this basis, this study investigated the relationship between the sense of coherence of student dental hygienists and their view of the profession and attitude to work in order to clarify how they perceive their prospects for employment. METHODS: The subjects were graduation-year students at all of the dental hygienist training institutions in Japan, and anonymous, self-administered questionnaires were sent to the institutions by post in 2019. The results were analyzed by χ2 tests, as well as one-way analysis of variance and multiple comparisons using Tukey's test, with the level of significance set at 5%. RESULTS: Of 6270 questionnaires that were returned, 6264 were analyzed. The sense of coherence (SOC) component senses were manageability (F(26,221) = 5306.06, p < 0.01), meaningfulness (F(26,222) = 4373.48, p < 0.01), and comprehensibility (F(26,216) = 3986.12, p < 0.01), with meaningfulness scoring significantly higher than the other two (p < 0.01). Analysis with SOC scores divided into the low, medium, and high groups showed a relationship between the SOC of student dental hygienists and their view of the profession and attitude to work (p < 0.01), such that higher SOC scores were associated with a better view of the profession and a better attitude to work (F(26,225) = 282.18, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that education that increases SOC in dental hygienist training programs may positively affect future prospects for student dental hygienists.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal , Faculdades de Odontologia , Senso de Coerência , Estudantes , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Japão , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172022

RESUMO

The confinement forced by COVID-19 can have repercussions on the health of people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationships between physical activity, a sense of coherence, resilience and coping among people diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis during the health emergency situation. To achieve this goal, this transversal descriptive study included 84 patients that belonged to multiple sclerosis associations during the period of confinement. Participants filled out the Physical Activity (IPAQ-SF), Sense of Coherence (SOC-13), Resilience Scale (ER-14) and coping (COPE-28) questionnaires. The results showed that the average age was 46.9 and that 67.9% had Relapsing Remittent Multiple Sclerosis diagnosed on average 13.9 years ago. They had a high degree (33.3%) and moderate degree (34.5%) of physical activity, high levels of resilience, while the level of a sense of coherence was average and the most commonly used strategies for coping were active confrontation and religion. Physical activity was not related to the rest of the studied variables, but there were correlations between the other variables. The people with multiple sclerosis who belong to patient associations have remained physically active during the obligatory confinement period and have elevated degrees of resilience and an average sense of coherence, as well as using suitable coping strategies, which is why the social-health resource of belonging to a patient association could be boosting these variables that are beneficial to their health.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Esclerose Múltipla , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Senso de Coerência , Betacoronavirus , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Codas ; 32(5): e20190071, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To test the association between the Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the fear of public speaking in university students. METHOD: Cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 1124 undergraduate students of a Brazilian public university. An online questionnaire was used divided into three blocks: the first evaluated the sociodemographic data and the somatic symptoms of the fear of public speaking; the second evaluated the SOC, through the SOC-13 questionnaire; and the third was composed by the Scale for Self-Assessment in Public Speaking (SSPS), with questions that point out cognitive aspects of this activity. The students were divided into two groups (high SOC and low SOC) through the Two-step Cluster analysis. Data were analyzed descriptively and by the Mann-Whitney test and bi and multivariate logistic regression models, with significance set at 5%. RESULTS: The students who reported not being afraid to speak in public were more likely to belong to the high SOC group (OR = 3.19, 95% CI = 2.30-4.42). Students from the high SOC group self-assessed more positively on the SSPS scale (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: College students over 30 years old, on the second half of graduation, with breathing discomfort, who do not report fear of public speaking and who perceive themselves more positively for public speaking, they have the highest SOC. Thus, it is observed the importance of considering the SOC as an important coping resource, given the great interference of emotional aspects in public speech.


Assuntos
Senso de Coerência , Fala , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Medo , Humanos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933161

RESUMO

This Special Issue aims to explore the concepts of stress, coping resources, and coping strategies, which are rooted in several theories, such as the stress and coping theory and the salutogenesis theory, and to understand how their core constructs are manifested in various ethnic and cultural groups around the world. This Special Issue includes 13 articles on salutogenesis and coping from different disciplinary, socio-cultural, historical, political, and economic perspectives. These articles address salutogenesis on the individual, organizational, and societal levels. The empirical studies are based in different societal and national contexts and refer to different ethnic groups within those contexts. Other studies examine international leaders in industry from a global perspective and present a systemic review of the literature concerning individuals in specific professions, such as nursing. The studies in the current Special Issue set the ground for continuing research toward even more comprehensive theoretical grounds; studies that incorporate several theoretical backgrounds and explore a broad theoretical model that may help us to understand successful adaptation in various contexts. In summary, results of studies that incorporate these theories may promote our understanding of the effects of coping resources and strategies, including acculturation strategies used among minority groups for positive adaptation.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Conflito Psicológico , Senso de Coerência , Estresse Psicológico , Aculturação , Recursos em Saúde , Humanos , Grupos Minoritários , Apoio Social
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906590

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic can not only affect physical health, but also mental health, resulting in sleep problems, depression, and traumatic stress. Our research investigates the level of posttraumatic stress, perceived social support, opinions on positive and negative consequences of the pandemic, sense of security and sense of meaning among nurses in the face of this new and not fully understood global epidemiological phenomenon. For this purpose, computer-assisted web interviews were conducted between May 1 and May 15, 2020. Participating nurses completed the following research tools: The Impact Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), The Changes in Outlook Questionnaire (CIOQ), The Safety Experience Questionnaire (SEQ) and The Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ). Three hundred and twenty-five nurses of an average age of 39.18 ± 11.16 years and working throughout Poland joined the study. The average overall IES-R score in the study group was 1.78 ± 0.65. Among the dimensions of traumatic stress, the highest score was obtained in the "avoidance" dimension was 1.86 ± 0.73. Amongst participating nurses, the highest support rates were provided by significant others (22.58 ± 5.22). Higher average scores were noted among participants in the subscale measuring positive psychological changes (18.56 ± 4.04). The mean MLQ score was 5.33 ± 0.87. A slightly higher result was observed in the subscale "presence" (5.35 ± 1.14). The results of the research implemented during the period of severe psychological pressure associated with the COVID-19 pandemic provided information on symptoms of traumatic stress in the examined group of nurses. Their sense of security has been lowered and accompanied by an intensified reflection on issues concerning security. However, their current sense of meaning in life remains higher than the tendency to searching for it. The surveyed nurses received individual support mostly from significant others (i.e., other than family and friends). They see positive changes resulting from painful experiences related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which can be characterized by adaptation in the form of post-traumatic growth.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Polônia , Senso de Coerência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 342, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some older persons develop a persistent death wish without being severely ill, often referred to as "completed life" or "tiredness of life". In the Netherlands and Belgium, the question whether these persons should have legal options for euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (EAS) is intensely debated. Our main aim was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of older adults with a persistent death wish without severe illness, as the lack of this knowledge is a crucial problem in de debate. METHODS: We conducted a survey among a representative sample of 32,477 Dutch citizens aged 55+, comprising questions about health, existential issues and the nature of the death wish. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the group with a persistent death wish and no severe illness (PDW-NSI) and several subgroups. RESULTS: A total of 21,294 respondents completed the questionnaire (response rate 65.6%). We identified 267 respondents (1.25%) as having a persistent death wish and no severe illness (PDW-NSI). PDW-NSI did not only occur among the oldest old. Although qualifying themselves as "not severely ill", those with PDW-NSI reported considerable health problems. A substantial minority of the PDW-NSI-group reported having had a death wish their whole lives. Within the group PDW-NSI 155 (0.73%) respondents had an active death wish, of which 36 (0.17% of the total response) reported a wish to actually end their lives. Thus, a death wish did not always equal a wish to actually end one's life. Moreover, the death wishes were often ambiguous. For example, almost half of the PDW-NSI-group (49.1%) indicated finding life worthwhile at this moment. CONCLUSIONS: The identified characteristics challenge the dominant "completed life" or "tiredness of life" image of healthy persons over the age of 75 who, overseeing their lives, reasonably decide they would prefer to die. The results also show that death wishes without severe illness are often ambiguous and do not necessarily signify a wish to end one's life. It is of great importance to acknowledge these nuances and variety in the debate and in clinical practice, to be able to adequately recognize the persons involved and tailor to their needs.


Assuntos
Morte , Depressão/psicologia , Eutanásia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ideação Suicida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/complicações , Eutanásia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Senso de Coerência , Suicídio Assistido , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236722, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756586

RESUMO

In 2014, the EU funded a four-year European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action to address the topic of childbirth. The COST Birth Action was a cross-European network, that brought together over 120 scientists, practitioners, activists and policy makers from 34 countries to work on intrapartum care. The central aim was to advance the state of research and practice in a specific area of great clinical and social importance, intrapartum care. The Action used inter and trans-disciplinary approaches to address birth from multiple perspectives and drew on complexity theory and the concept of salutogenesis (wellbeing). This special collection presents six papers produced from the Action and gives a sense of the range and depth of the work conducted. The Collection illustrates the knowledge that can be generated when a diverse group of people come together with a similar goals and perspectives.


Assuntos
União Europeia , Parto/psicologia , Senso de Coerência , Humanos
17.
Psychother Psychosom ; 89(6): 386-392, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810855

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: It is claimed that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a negative impact on mental health. However, to date, prospective studies are lacking. Moreover, it is important to identify which factors modulate the stress response to the pandemic. Previously, sense of coherence (SOC) has emerged as a particularly important resistance factor. OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aimed to assess the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on mental health and to investigate the ability of pre-outbreak SOC levels to predict changes in psychopathological symptoms. METHODS: This study assessed psychopathological symptoms and SOC before and after the COVID-19 outbreak as well as post-outbreak COVID-19-related traumatic distress in a German-speaking sample (n =1,591). Bivariate latent change score (BLCS) modeling was used to analyze pre- to post-outbreak changes in psychopathological symptoms and the ability of SOC to predict symptom changes. RESULTS: Overall, there was no change in psychopathological symptoms. However, on an individual-respondent level, 10% experienced a clinically significant increase in psychopathological symptoms and 15% met cut-off criteria for COVID-19-related traumatic distress. Using BLCS modeling, we identified a high-stress group experiencing an increase in psychopathological symptoms and a decrease in SOC and a low-stress group showing the reversed pattern. Changes in SOC and psychopathological symptoms were predicted by pre-outbreak SOC and psychopathological symptom levels. CONCLUSIONS: Although mental health was stable in most respondents, a small group of respondents characterized by low levels of SOC experienced increased psychopathological symptoms from pre- to post-outbreak. Thus, SOC training might be a promising approach to enhance the resistance to stressors.


Assuntos
Sintomas Comportamentais/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Senso de Coerência , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sintomas Comportamentais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858916

RESUMO

Rescue workers present an elevated risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and recently, research has begun to focus on coping styles and social support as protective factors in this population. Associations in the particular group of search and rescue dog handlers still lack evidence. The aim of the study is to investigate if functional cognitions and social support also decrease the risk for PTSD. Active voluntary rescue dog handlers (n = 116) rated levels of resilience, sense of coherence, and social acknowledgment (SAQ; subscales general disapproval, familial disapproval, recognition), in addition to a trauma checklist and PTSD symptoms. Linear regression analyses and two different graph models were calculated to explore associations, as well as potential pathways. Controlling for trauma exposure, the SAQ general disapproval emerged as the only significant predictor in the regression model. In the graph models, SAQ familial disapproval was linked to SAQ recognition and SAQ general disapproval. The latter, together with a sense of coherence manageability, affected PTSD re-experiencing symptoms through resilience. The findings are in line with earlier work. The study underlines the importance of targeting resilience and manageability, as well as enhancing social support in prevention programs for PTSD in canine search and rescue teams. Future research is warranted to further investigate model stability and replicate findings.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Trabalho de Resgate/estatística & dados numéricos , Resiliência Psicológica , Senso de Coerência , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Voluntários/psicologia , Voluntários/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858960

RESUMO

Postpartum depression (PPD) has detrimental effects on the health of the mother, child and family. Socio-demographic variables can influence PPD. Sense of coherence (SOC) is a personal resource that mitigates the experience of stressful events. We hypothesized that SOC would have a protective effect against PPD over time. The aim was to investigate the effects of socio-demographic factors and SOC on PPD at birth (T1) and nine months postpartum (T2). A longitudinal study of primiparous women (n = 114; age range 18-47 years) measured PPD, SOC and socio-demographics at T1 and T2. The majority were married, had no economic difficulties and were employed before birth. Results showed that PPD at T1 (15.8%) declined to 6.2% (T2). Job status was positively associated with SOC at T1. The structured equation model accounted for 27% of the variance in PPD (T2). In the first pathway, job status was linked to PPD (T2) via SOC at T1 and T2. In the second, SOC and PPD (T1) and SOC (T2) mediated the link between job status and PPD (T2). Results and clinical implications are discussed in the context of the theory of conservation of resources. An intervention for enhancing SOC is recommended for woman at risk of PPD.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Senso de Coerência , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Depressão Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Depressão Pós-Parto/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(8): 844-848, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842313

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the moderating effect of sense of coherence in the relationship between occupational stress and depression. Methods: From June to September in 2018, migrant workers were purposively selected from the urban (including office buildings, shopping malls, barber shops or restaurants and other service enterprises) and suburban (including microelectronics, internet, clothing processing and art design and other factories) areas of Shanghai. A total of 3 034 people were investigated and 2 573 valid questionnaires were collected. Patient health questionnaire (PHQ), sense of coherence questionnaire (SOC) and job content questionnaire (JCQ) were used to investigate the levels depression, sense of coherence and occupational stress. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to analyze the moderating effect of sense of coherence on occupational stress and depression, and SPSS PROCESS macro program and Bootstrap method were used to further explore the moderating effect of sense of coherence. Results: The age of total 2 573 migrant workers was (28.24±7.33) years old and 49.79% of them were males. The scores of depression, occupational stress and sense of coherence were 6.67±4.74, 28.45±4.38 and 62.02±10.89, respectively. The depression level was positively correlated with occupational stress (r=0.33, P=0.007), and negatively correlated with sense of coherence (r=-0.53, P=0.003). The hierarchy regression analysis suggested that the interaction between occupational stress and sense of coherence was associated with depression symptom (ß=-0.07, P=0.001). Bootstrap analysis showed that occupational stress was not associated with depression symptom with high level of sense of sense of coherence (ß=0.04, 95%CI=-0.01-0.10), while occupational stress was associated with depression symptom with low level of sense of sense of coherence (ß=0.19, 95%CI=0.14-0.23). Conclusion: The high level of sense of coherence has a moderating effect on the relationship between occupational stress and depressive symptoms, while the low level of sense of coherence does not have this effect.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Senso de Coerência , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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