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1.
Discov Med ; 29(157): 129-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002409

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening clinical condition demanding accurate and rapid diagnosis of the culprit pathogen, thereby to improve prognosis. Pathogen determination through blood culture is the gold standard for diagnosis but has limitations due to low sensitivity. Recently, circulating DNAs derived from pathogenic organisms were found in the plasma of patients with sepsis and were further proved to be more sensitive biomarkers for the diagnosis of the pathogen origin in sepsis. However, the fundamental molecular characteristics of circulating DNA in patients with sepsis remain unclear. Here, we used specific PCR and Sanger sequencing to verify the microbiology culture results via the corresponding plasma circulating DNA. We analyzed the composition and molecular characteristics of circulating DNA in septic patients using next-generation sequencing technology. We showed the presence of pathogen-derived circulating DNA in the plasma of patients with sepsis. The sizes of circulating DNA fragments derived from pathogenic bacteria showed a skewed unimodal distribution, while those derived from host cells showed a normal unimodal distribution. Lengths of fragments at peak concentration for both origins ranged from 150 bp to 200 bp, and reads mapping to pathogenic bacteria genome distributed uniformly on the reference. Our findings have improved our understanding of microbial circulating DNA in patients with sepsis as a potential methodology for the accurate diagnosis of sepsis, especially in light of an urgent need for such a diagnosis associated with the COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , DNA Bacteriano/sangue , Sepse/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/análise , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Cultura , DNA Bacteriano/análise , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Discov Med ; 29(158): 201-209, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007195

RESUMO

Sepsis is an important disorder in intensive care medicine, and the emphasis is not on infections but the imbalance in body reactions and life-threatening organ dysfunction. The infection, the imbalance in the body's reaction, and the deadly organ dysfunction are three aspects of sepsis. Currently, there is still a debate on suitable criteria for the diagnosis of patients with sepsis with continuing changes in the guidelines on sepsis management. Here we summarize recent advances on the definitions, diagnosis, and treatment in the clinical practice of sepsis management in the emergency department. We also highlight future research directions on sepsis. In particular, given the global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we briefly describe the relationship between COVID-19 and sepsis. How to manage sepsis caused by emerging pathogens such as COVID-19 is a new challenge for care professionals in the emergency department.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Sepse/terapia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/complicações , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017933

RESUMO

Early prediction of sepsis is essential to give the patient timely treatment since each hour of delayed treatment has been associated with an increase in mortality. Current sepsis detection systems rely on empirical Clinical Decision Rules(CDR)s, which are based on vital signs that can be collected from the bedside. The main disadvantages of CDRs include questions of generalizability and performance variance when applied to the populations different from the groups used for derivation and often take years to develop and validate. This paper proposes a deep learning model using Bi-Directional Gated Recurrent Units(GRU), which uses a wide range of parameters that are associated with vitals, laboratory, and demographics of patients. The proposed model has an area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) of 0.97, outperforming all the existing systems in the current literature. The model can handle the missing data, and irregular sampling intervals frequently present in medical records.Clinical relevance-The proposed model can be used to predict the onset of sepsis 6 hours ahead of time by the use of a machine learning algorithm. This proposed method outperforms the sepsis prediction machine learning models found in the current literature.


Assuntos
Sepse , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sinais Vitais
4.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1031-1034, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018161

RESUMO

Blood infection due to different circumstances could immediately develop to an extreme body reaction that leads to a serious life-threatening condition, called Sepsis. Currently, therapeutic protocols through timely antibiotic resuscitation strategies play an important role to fight against the adverse conditions and improve survival. Therefore, timing, and more specifically early diagnosis of the illness, is crucially important for an effective treatment. Studies have indicated that vital signals such as heart rate variability (HRV) could provide potential prognostic biological markers that can help with early detection of sepsis before it is clinically diagnosed through its actual symptoms. Therefore, this study employs neonatal and pediatric electrocardiogram (ECG) to extract 52 hourly sets of linear and non-linear features from the HRV, starting from 24 hours prior to the clinical diagnosis of sepsis in patients with positive blood cultures (n=14). Similar sets of features were also obtained from a non-sepsis control group to create an evaluation benchmark (n=14).In particular, this study initially demonstrates how the variations within the 24 hours values of specific HRV feature-sets could effectively reveal prognostic information about the evolution of sepsis, prior to the actual clinical diagnosis. Moreover, this study demonstrates that differences in the values of a particular set of features at 22 hours before the actual clinical diagnosis/symptoms can be reliably used to train a convolutional neural network for automatic classification between the individuals in the sepsis and non-sepsis groups with 88.89±7.86% accuracy.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Sepse , Criança , Diagnóstico Precoce , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Prognóstico , Sepse/diagnóstico
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4774, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963224

RESUMO

Detection of microbial nucleic acids in body fluids has become the preferred method for rapid diagnosis of many infectious diseases. However, culture-based diagnostics that are time-consuming remain the gold standard approach in certain cases, such as sepsis. New culture-free methods are urgently needed. Here, we describe Single MOLecule Tethering or SMOLT, an amplification-free and purification-free molecular assay that can detect microorganisms in body fluids with high sensitivity without the need of culturing. The signal of SMOLT is generated by the displacement of micron-size beads tethered by DNA probes that are between 1 and 7 microns long. The molecular extension of thousands of DNA probes is determined with sub-micron precision using a robust and rapid optical approach. We demonstrate that SMOLT can detect nucleic acids directly in blood, urine and sputum at sub-femtomolar concentrations, and microorganisms in blood at 1 CFU mL-1 (colony forming unit per milliliter) threefold faster, with higher multiplexing capacity and with a more straight-forward protocol than amplified methodologies. SMOLT's clinical utility is further demonstrated by developing a multiplex assay for simultaneous detection of sepsis-causing Candida species directly in whole blood.


Assuntos
Líquidos Corporais/química , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Ácidos Nucleicos/isolamento & purificação , Sepse/diagnóstico , Candida/genética , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candidíase/diagnóstico , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , DNA/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Ácidos Nucleicos/sangue , Ácidos Nucleicos/urina , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , RNA/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sepse/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Staphylococcus aureus/genética , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Urina
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 652, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently there are only two population studies on sepsis incidence in Asia. The burden of sepsis in Hong Kong is unknown. We developed a sepsis surveillance method to estimate sepsis incidence from a population electronic health record (EHR) in Hong Kong using objective clinical data. The study objective was to assess our method's performance in identifying sepsis using a retrospective cohort. We compared its accuracy to administrative sepsis surveillance methods such as Angus' and Martin's methods. METHOD: In this single centre retrospective study we applied our sepsis surveillance method on adult patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Hong Kong. Two clinicians independently reviewed the clinical notes to determine which patients had sepsis. Performance was assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and area under the curve (AUC) of Angus', Martin's and our surveillance methods using clinical review as "gold standard." RESULTS: Between January 1 and February 28, 2018, our sepsis surveillance method identified 1352 adult patients hospitalised with suspected infection. We found that 38.9% (95%CI 36.3-41.5) of these patients had sepsis. Using a 490 patient validation cohort, two clinicians had good agreement with weighted kappa of 0.75 (95% CI 0.69-0.81) before coming to consensus on diagnosis of uncomplicated infection or sepsis for all patients. Our method had sensitivity 0.93 (95%CI 0.89-0.96), specificity 0.86 (95%CI 0.82-0.90) and an AUC 0.90 (95%CI 0.87-0.92) when validated against clinician review. In contrast, Angus' and Martin's methods had AUCs 0.56 (95%CI 0.53-0.58) and 0.56 (95%CI 0.52-0.59), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A sepsis surveillance method based on objective data from a population EHR in Hong Kong was more accurate than administrative methods. It may be used to estimate sepsis population incidence and outcomes in Hong Kong. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was retrospectively registered at clinicaltrials.gov on October 3, 2019 ( NCT04114214 ).


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Carga Global da Doença/métodos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sepse/mortalidade , Centros de Atenção Terciária
7.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(8): 933-937, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), von Willebrand factor (vWF) and other cytokines in predicting the severity and prognosis of sepsis patients. METHODS: Patients with sepsis and septic shock who ≥ 18 years old and met the Sepsis-3 diagnostic criteria admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Binzhou Medical University Hospital from January to June 2019 were taken as the research objects. The healthy individuals for regular health examination in the same period were taken as the control. The basic information, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores were recorded. The venous blood was taken within 24 hours after the patients were diagnosed. The levels of HMGB1, vWF, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10), soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), angiopoetin-2 (Ang-2) and other cytokines in serum were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Differences among patients with sepsis, septic shock, healthy physical examinees, and patients who died in 28-day and those who survived, were compared. Spearman rank correlation method was used to analyze the correlation among each cytokine and APACHE II, SOFA scores. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of cytokines on the prognosis of patients with sepsis/septic shock. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of 28-day death. RESULTS: Eleven patients with sepsis, 25 patients with septic shock and 30 healthy individuals were enrolled. Among the patients with sepsis/septic shock, 15 died in 28-day and 21 survived. The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-10, HMGB1, vWF, sTM and VEGFR-2 in patients with sepsis were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group. The levels of TNF-α, IL-10, HMGB1, vWF, sTM in septic shock group were higher than those in the sepsis group, while the Ang-2 level decreased significantly. The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-10, HMGB1, vWF and sTM in the death group were higher than those in the survival group, while Ang-2 was lower than the survival group. Spearman correlation analysis showed that HMGB1, TNF-α, sTM, IL-10, vWF were positively correlated with APACHE II score when patients with sepsis/septic shock were enrolled (r values were 0.652, 0.666, 0.445, 0.430 and 0.355, respectively, all P < 0.05), and HMGB1, TNF-α also positively correlated with SOFA score (r values were 0.433, 0.479, both P < 0.05). Ang-2 was negatively correlated with APACHE II and SOFA scores (r values were -0.519, -0.440, both P < 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the predictive value of HMGB1, vWF, IL-10, sTM for 28-day death in patients with sepsis/septic shock were higher than the APACHE II score [the area under ROC curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 0.946 (0.870-1.000), 0.902 (0.790-1.000), 0.877 (0.745-1.000), 0.868 (0.734-1.000) vs. 0.846 (0.700-0.991)]. Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHE II score, vWF, sTM, and IL-10 were independent risk factors for 28-day death in patients with sepsis/septic shock (ß values were 4.731, 0.407, -7.058, -0.887, all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HMGB1, vWF, IL-10, sTM and other cytokines all can be used to evaluate the severity and prognosis of sepsis patients.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1 , Sepse/diagnóstico , Fator de von Willebrand , Citocinas , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
9.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 130, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912236

RESUMO

Fast point-of-care (POC) diagnostics represent an unmet medical need and include applications such as lateral flow assays (LFAs) for the diagnosis of sepsis and consequences of cytokine storms and for the treatment of COVID-19 and other systemic, inflammatory events not caused by infection. Because of the complex pathophysiology of sepsis, multiple biomarkers must be analyzed to compensate for the low sensitivity and specificity of single biomarker targets. Conventional LFAs, such as gold nanoparticle dyed assays, are limited to approximately five targets-the maximum number of test lines on an assay. To increase the information obtainable from each test line, we combined green and red emitting quantum dots (QDs) as labels for C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) antibodies in an optical duplex immunoassay. CdSe-QDs with sharp and tunable emission bands were used to simultaneously quantify CRP and IL-6 in a single test line, by using a single UV-light source and two suitable emission filters for readout through a widely available BioImager device. For image and data processing, a customized software tool, the MultiFlow-Shiny app was used to accelerate and simplify the readout process. The app software provides advanced tools for image processing, including assisted extraction of line intensities, advanced background correction and an easy workflow for creation and handling of experimental data in quantitative LFAs. The results generated with our MultiFlow-Shiny app were superior to those generated with the popular software ImageJ and resulted in lower detection limits. Our assay is applicable for detecting clinically relevant ranges of both target proteins and therefore may serve as a powerful tool for POC diagnosis of inflammation and infectious events.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Interleucina-6/análise , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sepse/diagnóstico , Anticorpos/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Limite de Detecção , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Sepse/metabolismo , Software , Raios Ultravioleta
10.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The identification of life-threatening infection in febrile children presenting to the emergency department (ED) remains difficult. The quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) was only derived for adult populations, implying an urgent need for pediatric scores. We developed and validated a novel, adapted qSOFA score (Liverpool quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment [LqSOFA]) and compared its performance with qSOFA, Pediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS), and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) high-risk criteria in predicting critical care (CC) admission in febrile children presenting to the ED. METHODS: The LqSOFA (range, 0-4) incorporates age-adjusted heart rate, respiratory rate, capillary refill, and consciousness level on the Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive scale. The primary outcome was CC admission within 48 hours of ED presentation, and the secondary outcome was sepsis-related mortality. LqSOFA, qSOFA, PEWS, and NICE high-risk criteria scores were calculated, and performance characteristics, including area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, were calculated for each score. RESULTS: In the initial (n = 1121) cohort, 47 CC admissions (4.2%) occurred, and in the validation (n = 12 241) cohort, 135 CC admissions (1.1%) occurred, and there were 5 sepsis-related deaths. In the validation cohort, LqSOFA predicted CC admission with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76 to 0.86), versus qSOFA (0.66; 95% CI, 0.60 to 0.71), PEWS (0.93; 95% CI, 0.90 to 0.95), and NICE high-risk criteria (0.81; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.85). For predicting CC admission, the LqSOFA outperformed the qSOFA, with a net reclassification index of 10.4% (95% CI, 1.0% to 19.9%). CONCLUSIONS: In this large study, we demonstrate improved performance of the LqSOFA over qSOFA in identifying febrile children at risk for CC admission and sepsis-related mortality. Further validation is required in other settings.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Febre/etiologia , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/análise , Masculino , Curva ROC , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade
11.
N Z Med J ; 133(1520): 35-49, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994592

RESUMO

AIM: Early recognition and timely management, including prompt administration of antibiotics, has been fundamental in improving the mortality related to sepsis. We aimed to study the effect of the Sepsis Pathway Programme, a set of guidelines for sepsis, on the recognition, early investigation and management of septic patients in the emergency department. METHODS: We conducted a comparative prospective cohort study of patients who presented with suspected sepsis pre- and post-implementation of the Sepsis Pathway. Patients where the Sepsis Pathway was used were identified and followed prospectively to analyse outcomes. This group was compared to a pre-intervention control group who were identified retrospectively before the Sepsis Pathway was implemented to determine if there was any difference in outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 109 patients were identified to be septic in the emergency department following the implementation of the Sepsis Pathway. Of these, 52 cases involved the initiation and completion of the Sepsis Pathway. One hundred and fifty-seven cases were identified in the pre-intervention group of which 18 cases were excluded. The time to antibiotic administration decreased from 182 to 75 minutes (p<0.00001). The proportion of cases where antibiotics were given within the hour was higher in the pathway group (36.5% vs 8.6%, OR 6.09, 95% CI 2.69-13.81, p<0.0001). Similarly, the time to lactate measurement decreased from 64 minutes to 54.5 minutes (p=0.0117) and the proportion of cases where lactate was measured improved from 64% to 92.3% (p=0.0005). Blood culture rates improved from 79.1% to 100%. CONCLUSION: The implementation of the Sepsis Pathway improved time taken to perform investigations and manage patients with sepsis. Although it had improved, there was still a delay in recognition of sepsis and initiation of investigations and management, demonstrating that further strategies need to be employed to reduce poor outcomes associated with sepsis. However, it did not affect ICU admissions, length of stay or mortality.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Ácido Láctico/análise , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Br Dent J ; 229(6): 363-370, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978579

RESUMO

The management of odontogenic infections has improved over recent decades, but further improvements are still required. The ongoing education of GDPs and their dental teams on this issue continues to be important, especially during the current COVID-19 pandemic, where remote triage poses additional difficulties and challenges.Odontogenic infections can lead to sepsis, a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the body's immune system responding in an abnormal way. This can lead to tissue damage, organ failure and death. A patient with non-odontogenic-related infection could also present with sepsis at a dental practice. Early recognition and prompt management of sepsis improves outcomes. GDPs and their dental teams should be trained in the recognition and management of sepsis. Age-specific sepsis decision support tools have been developed by the UK Sepsis Trust to help dental staff recognise and manage patients with suspected sepsis.The aim of this article is to provide an update on the management of odontogenic infections and sepsis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Sepse , Doenças Dentárias , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Infecções/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/terapia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21893, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846851

RESUMO

We examined the blood concentrations of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and citrullinated alpha enolase peptide-1 (CEP-1) antibody in sepsis patients to evaluate their potential diagnostic, classified and prognostic utility together with C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6).Sixty-nine patients admitted at the emergency department with sepsis were studied, on admission, their demographic and clinical information were recorded. Blood levels of CRP, PCT, IL-6, NGAL, and CEP-1 antibody were measured. Relationships between sequential [sepsis-related] organ failure assessment score and blood biomarkers, between acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II score and blood biomarkers were investigated. Additionally, the mutual correlation among CRP, PCT, IL-6, NGAL, and CEP-1 antibody were investigated. Diagnostic and predictive values for clinical outcomes for biomarkers were assessed by receiver operator characteristic curve.Sixty-nine participants (38 sepsis, 31 septic shock) were compared with 40 healthy controls. The levels of CRP, PCT, IL-6, and NGAL were significantly higher in sepsis patients ([59.49 ± 48.88]; 0.71, [0.13-11.72]; 60.46, [33.26-201.20]; 265.61, [185.79-500.96], respectively) compared with healthy controls ([2.05 ± 1.85]; 0.02, [0.02-0.03]; 12.08, [7.22-16.84]; 19.73, [7.66-34.39], respectively) (P < .001). CRP, PCT, IL-6, and NGAL had better discriminatory performance with an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) of (0.98; 0.98; 0.90; 0.97, respectively), 95% confidence interval (CI) = ([0.95; 1.00]; [0.96; 1.00]; [0.84; 0.96]; [0.94; 1.00], respectively) (P < .001), with a cut off value of (8.02 mg/L [Se = 88.40%, Sp = 100.00%]; 0.06 ng/mL [Se = 94.20%, Sp = 75.00%]; 30.63 pg/mL [Se = 78.30%, Sp = 95.00%]; 95.72 ng/mL [Se = 99.00%, Sp = 92.00%], respectively). Between the sepsis group and septic shock group, PCT and NGAL were significantly higher in septic shock group (2.44, [0.49-20.36]; 294.65 [203.34-1262.47], respectively) compared with sepsis group (0.41, [0.11-2.63]; 219.94, [146.38-385.24], respectively) (P < .05). Between survivors group and nonsurvivors group, PCT was obviously elevated in nonsurvivors group (2.47, [0.70-12.49]) compare with survivors group (0.41, [0.11-8.16]) (P < .05), with an AUC of 0.69, 95% CI = (0.57; 0.81) (P < .05), while CEP-1 antibody was decreased in nonsurvivors group (14.03, [4.94-17.17]) contrast to survivors group (18.78, [8.08-39.72]) (P < .05), with an AUC of 0.67, 95% CI = (0.54; 0.80) (P < .05). Additionally, CEP-1 antibody demonstrated a negative correlation with either sequential [sepsis-related] organ failure assessment score (r = -0.31, P < .05) or PCT (r = -0.27, P < .05).As CRP, PCT, and IL-6, NGAL was valuable in sepsis diagnosis. With a classificatory value, PCT and NGAL correlated with the degree severity of sepsis. PCT and CEP-1 antibody were meaningful in sepsis prognosis. CEP-1 antibody may be a protective factor for sepsis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/sangue , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/metabolismo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/classificação , Sepse/mortalidade , Choque Séptico/sangue
14.
Internist (Berl) ; 61(10): 997-1001, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857172

RESUMO

The management of hemodynamic instability in the context of sepsis or septic shock is at the forefront in emergency care as well as in the intensive care unit. Cardiovascular instability has a dramatic impact on the rate of organ complications and mortality from sepsis. According to the guideline for the treatment of sepsis, mean arterial pressure should not fall below 65 mm Hg. Crystalloid balanced fluid and catecholamines are the cornerstones of therapy management for septic cardiovascular instability. In this article, the most important points of what, when and how much regarding circulation therapy are presented and critically discussed.


Assuntos
Catecolaminas/uso terapêutico , Soluções Cristaloides/uso terapêutico , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Hidratação , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Sepse/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico
15.
J Vet Dent ; 37(2): 94-99, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815477

RESUMO

A 15-year-old Thoroughbred gelding was presented for investigation of fever, right temporomandibular region swelling, and progressive pain when opening the mouth. Right temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sepsis was diagnosed based on synovial fluid analysis, sonographic imaging, and standing robotic cone-beam computed tomography. Concurrent otitis media and temporohyoid osteoarthropathy (THO) were also noted. The horse was treated with arthroscopic debridement and lavage during standing sedation followed by local and systemic antimicrobial therapy. There were no complications associated with the surgical procedure and the gelding's clinical signs resolved. Arthroscopy of the TMJ can be accomplished in the standing horse and should be considered when arthroscopic exploration or debridement of this joint is indicated. This is also the first case report of concurrent otitis media, TMJ sepsis, and THO; due to their close anatomic relationship, it is possible that septic otitis media could lead to pathology in the TMJ and temporohyoid joint, as described in humans.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Cavalos , Sepse , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Animais , Artroscopia/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Cavalos/cirurgia , Cavalos , Humanos , Masculino , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/veterinária , Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/veterinária , Irrigação Terapêutica/veterinária
16.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1662-1667, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has proposed a rule change to redefine the metric by which organ procurement organizations (OPOs) are evaluated. The metric relies on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data on inpatient deaths from causes consistent with donation among patients <75 years of age. Concerns have been raised that this metric does not account for rates of ventilation, and prevalence of cancer and severe sepsis, without objective data to substantiate or refute such concerns. METHODS: We estimated OPO-level donation rates using CDC data, and used Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data from 43 State Inpatient Databases to calculate "adjusted" donation rates. RESULTS: The CMS metric and the ventilation-adjusted CMS metric were highly concordant in absolute terms (Spearman and Pearson correlation coefficients ≥0.95). In the Bland-Altman plot, 100% (48/48) of paired values (standard deviations [SDs] of the CMS and "ventilation adjusted" metrics) were within 1.96 SDs of the mean difference, with near-perfect correlation in Passing and Bablok regression (Lin's concordance correlation coefficient: 0.97). The CMS metric and the ventilation/cancer/sepsis-adjusted metric were highly concordant in absolute terms (Spearman and Pearson correlation coefficients ≥0.94). In the Bland-Altman plot, 97.9% (47/48) of paired values (SDs of the CMS and "ventilation/cancer/sepsis adjusted" metrics) were within 1.96 SDs of the mean difference, with near-perfect correlation in the Passing and Bablok regression (Lin's concordance correlation coefficient: 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: These conclusions should provide CMS, and the transplant community, with comfort that the proposed CMS metric using CDC inpatient death data as a tool to compare OPO is not compromised by its lack of inclusion of ventilation or other comorbidity data.


Assuntos
Benchmarking/normas , Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S./normas , Transplante de Rim/normas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/organização & administração , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Benchmarking/métodos , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/normas , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3852, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737308

RESUMO

Acute critical illness is often preceded by deterioration of routinely measured clinical parameters, e.g., blood pressure and heart rate. Early clinical prediction is typically based on manually calculated screening metrics that simply weigh these parameters, such as early warning scores (EWS). The predictive performance of EWSs yields a tradeoff between sensitivity and specificity that can lead to negative outcomes for the patient. Previous work on electronic health records (EHR) trained artificial intelligence (AI) systems offers promising results with high levels of predictive performance in relation to the early, real-time prediction of acute critical illness. However, without insight into the complex decisions by such system, clinical translation is hindered. Here, we present an explainable AI early warning score (xAI-EWS) system for early detection of acute critical illness. xAI-EWS potentiates clinical translation by accompanying a prediction with information on the EHR data explaining it.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/diagnóstico , Inteligência Artificial , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/sangue , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Área Sob a Curva , Pressão Sanguínea , Estado Terminal , Diagnóstico Precoce , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/patologia
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e20272, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664056

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the role of survivin in sepsis patients.Serum samples of 288 sepsis patients and 290 healthy individuals (as healthy controls) were collected 24 hours within enrollment. Serum survivin and inflammatory cytokines were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and biochemical indexes were recorded. In sepsis patients, acute pathologic and chronic health evaluation II score and sequential organ failure assessment score were evaluated, and 28-day mortality was recorded.Survivin was greatly decreased in sepsis patients compared to healthy controls (P < .001) and it predicted decreased sepsis risk (area under curve (AUC): 0.921, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.900-0.942). For clinical characteristics of sepsis patients, survivin was negatively correlated with acute pathologic and chronic health evaluation II score (P < .001), score and sequential organ failure assessment score (P < .001), serum creatinine (P < .001), white blood cell (P = .037), C-reactive protein (P < .001), tumor necrosis factor-α (P < .001), interleukin (IL)-1ß (P < .001), IL-6 (P < .001), and IL-8 (P < .001), while positively correlated with albumin (P < .001). For prognosis of sepsis patients, survivin was decreased in deaths compared to survivors (P < .001), and it predicted decreased death risk (AUC: 0.625, 95% CI: 0.558-0.692). Meanwhile, accumulating mortality was decreased in survivin high patients compared to survivin low patients (P = .006). However, multivariate logistic regression revealed survivin was not an independent predictive factor for 28-day mortality, indicating it might interact with other independent factors to affect prognosis of sepsis patients.Survivin was decreased in sepsis patients and predicted decreased sepsis risk. Meanwhile, survivin was correlated with declined inflammation, reduced disease severity, and favorable prognosis in sepsis patients.


Assuntos
Sepse/sangue , Survivina/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade
19.
Eur Respir Rev ; 29(157)2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699026

RESUMO

According to the Third International Consensus Definition for Sepsis and Septic Shock, sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction resulting from dysregulated host responses to infection. Epidemiological data about sepsis from the 2017 Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factor Study showed that the global burden of sepsis was greater than previously estimated. Bacteria have been shown to be the predominant pathogen of sepsis among patients with pathogens detected, while sepsis caused by viruses is underdiagnosed worldwide. The coronavirus disease that emerged in 2019 in China and now in many other countries has brought viral sepsis back into the vision of physicians and researchers worldwide. Although the current understanding of the pathophysiology of sepsis has improved, the differences between viral and bacterial sepsis at the level of pathophysiology are not well understood. Diagnosis methods that can broadly differentiate between bacterial and viral sepsis at the initial stage after the development of sepsis are limited. New treatments that can be applied at clinics for sepsis are scarce and this situation is not consistent with the growing understanding of pathophysiology. This review aims to give a brief summary of current knowledge of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of viral sepsis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Consenso , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Respiratórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Sepse/terapia , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico/epidemiologia , Choque Séptico/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235207, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effects of physician specialty on the outcome of heart disease remains incompletely understood because of inconsistent findings from some previous studies. Our purpose is to compare the admission outcomes of heart disease in patients receiving care by cardiologists and noncardiologist (NC) physicians. METHODS: Using reimbursement claims data of Taiwan's National Health Insurance from 2008-2013, we conducted a matched study of 6264 patients aged ≥20 years who received a cardiologist's care during admission for heart disease. Using a propensity score matching procedure adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, and type of heart disease, 6264 controls who received an NC physician's care were selected. Logistic regressions were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for complications and mortality during admission for heart disease associated with a cardiologist's care. RESULTS: Patients who received a cardiologist's care had a lower risk of pneumonia (OR = 0.61; 95% CI, 0.53-0.70), septicemia (OR = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.39-0.61), urinary tract infection (OR = 0.76; 95% CI, 0.66-0.88), and in-hospital mortality (OR = 0.37; 95% CI, 0.29-0.47) than did patients who received an NC physician's care. The association between a cardiologist's care and reduced adverse events following admission was significant in both sexes and in patients aged ≥40 years. CONCLUSION: We raised the possibility that cardiologist care was associated with reduced infectious complications and mortality among patients who were admitted due to heart disease.


Assuntos
Cardiologistas , Clínicos Gerais , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Sepse/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia/complicações , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Pneumonia/fisiopatologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Infecções Urinárias/mortalidade , Infecções Urinárias/fisiopatologia
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