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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886723

RESUMO

Shellfish and algae mariculture make up an important part of the marine fishery carbon sink. Carbon sink research is necessary to ensure China achieves its goal of carbon neutrality. This study used the material quality assessment method to estimate the carbon sink capacity of shellfish and algae. Product value, carbon storage value, and oxygen release value were used to calculate the economic value of shellfish and algae carbon sequestration. The results showed that the annual average shellfish and algae carbon sink in China was 1.10 million tons from 2003 to 2019, of which shellfish accounted for 91.63%, wherein Crassostreagigas, Ruditapesphilippinarum, and Chlamysfarreri were the main contributors. The annual average economic value of China's shellfish and algae carbon sequestration was USD 71,303.56 million, and the product value was the main contributor, accounting for 99.11%. The carbon sink conversion ratios of shellfish and algae were 8.37% and 5.20%, respectively, thus making shellfish the aquaculture species with the strongest carbon sink capacity and the greatest carbon sink potential. The estimated growth rate in the shellfish and algae removable carbon sink was 33,900 tons/year in China, but this trend was uncertain. The capacity for carbon sequestration and exchange by aquaculture can be improved by expanding breeding space, promoting multi-level comprehensive breeding modes, and marine artificial upwelling projects.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Carbono , Carbono/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , China , Frutos do Mar
2.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4051, 2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831284

RESUMO

A significant proportion of carbon (C) captured by terrestrial primary production is buried in lacustrine ecosystems, which have been substantially affected by anthropogenic activities globally. However, there is a scarcity of sedimentary organic carbon (OC) accumulation information for lakes surrounded by highly productive rainforests at warm tropical latitudes, or in response to land cover and climate change. Here, we combine new data from intensive campaigns spanning 13 lakes across remote Amazonian regions with a broad literature compilation, to produce the first spatially-weighted global analysis of recent OC burial in lakes (over ~50-100-years) that integrates both biome type and forest cover. We find that humid tropical forest lake sediments are a disproportionately important global OC sink of ~80 Tg C yr-1 with implications for climate change. Further, we demonstrate that temperature and forest conservation are key factors in maintaining massive organic carbon pools in tropical lacustrine sediments.


Assuntos
Carbono , Lagos , Sequestro de Carbono , Ecossistema , Florestas , Sedimentos Geológicos , Clima Tropical
3.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3797, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778395

RESUMO

Soil is the largest terrestrial reservoir of organic carbon and is central for climate change mitigation and carbon-climate feedbacks. Chemical and physical associations of soil carbon with minerals play a critical role in carbon storage, but the amount and global capacity for storage in this form remain unquantified. Here, we produce spatially-resolved global estimates of mineral-associated organic carbon stocks and carbon-storage capacity by analyzing 1144 globally-distributed soil profiles. We show that current stocks total 899 Pg C to a depth of 1 m in non-permafrost mineral soils. Although this constitutes 66% and 70% of soil carbon in surface and deeper layers, respectively, it is only 42% and 21% of the mineralogical capacity. Regions under agricultural management and deeper soil layers show the largest undersaturation of mineral-associated carbon. Critically, the degree of undersaturation indicates sequestration efficiency over years to decades. We show that, across 103 carbon-accrual measurements spanning management interventions globally, soils furthest from their mineralogical capacity are more effective at accruing carbon; sequestration rates average 3-times higher in soils at one tenth of their capacity compared to soils at one half of their capacity. Our findings provide insights into the world's soils, their capacity to store carbon, and priority regions and actions for soil carbon management.


Assuntos
Carbono , Solo , Agricultura , Sequestro de Carbono , Minerais
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11144, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778406

RESUMO

Land-based CO2 removal demands changes in management or new suitable areas to sustainably grow additional biomass without reducing food supply or damaging natural ecosystems. The soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration pathway is thought to transfer atmospheric CO2 into a land unit, through plants, plant residues and other organic solids stored as part of the soil organic matter. No previous study explored SOC sequestration potentials on global marginal land. Here we integrated, into a generalizable modelling framework, the mapping of a set of biophysical (climatic and edaphic) and land conservation constraints to (i) identify suitable matches (i.e. biophysically possible combinations) of target areas with plant species, and (ii) to quantify contributions of pairing to long-term SOC sequestration (2020-2100). The proposed framework represents a refinement to previous mapping exercises, which seldom consider biophysical constraints, soil erosion, plant species tolerances to pedoclimatic conditions, and world protected areas. The approach was tested on marginal lands featuring SOC-deficient stocks (≤ 50 Mg SOC ha-1 to 30 cm depth) at 30 arc-sec resolution, consolidated into world regions × global ecological zones based on geo-localised products. The framework was shown to enable better-informed decision-making on interventions at large geographical scales, revealing biophysically realistic options, while management should be determined locally.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Solo , Agricultura , Carbono/química , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Ecossistema , Solo/química
6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(29): e2204369119, 2022 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35858362

RESUMO

The biological carbon pump (BCP) stores ∼1,700 Pg C from the atmosphere in the ocean interior, but the magnitude and direction of future changes in carbon sequestration by the BCP are uncertain. We quantify global trends in export production, sinking organic carbon fluxes, and sequestered carbon in the latest Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) future projections, finding a consistent 19 to 48 Pg C increase in carbon sequestration over the 21st century for the SSP3-7.0 scenario, equivalent to 5 to 17% of the total increase of carbon in the ocean by 2100. This is in contrast to a global decrease in export production of -0.15 to -1.44 Pg C y-1. However, there is significant uncertainty in the modeled future fluxes of organic carbon to the deep ocean associated with a range of different processes resolved across models. We demonstrate that organic carbon fluxes at 1,000 m are a good predictor of long-term carbon sequestration and suggest this is an important metric of the BCP that should be prioritized in future model studies.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Carbono , Ecossistema , Atmosfera/química , Carbono/análise , Modelos Teóricos , Oceanos e Mares , Incerteza
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897281

RESUMO

Human activities and land transformation are important factors in the growth of carbon emissions. In recent years, construction land for urban use in China has expanded rapidly. At the same time, carbon emissions in China are among the highest in the world. However, little is known about the relationship between the two factors. This study seeks to estimate the carbon emissions and carbon sequestrations of various types of land based on the land cover data of 137 county-level administrative regions in Shandong Province, China, from 2000 to 2020.The study estimated the carbon emissions for energy consumption using energy consumption data and night-time light images, hence, net carbon emissions. The Tapio decoupling coefficient was used to analyze the decoupling between the net carbon emissions and construction land, and where the model for the decoupling effort was constructed to explore the driving factors of decoupling. The results showed that net carbon emissions in Shandong Province continued to increase, and the areas with high carbon emissions were concentrated primarily in specific districts of the province. The relationship between net carbon emissions and construction land evolved from an expansive negative decoupling type to a strong negative decoupling type. Spatially, most areas in the province featured an expansive negative decoupling, but the areas with a strong negative decoupling have gradually increased. The intensive rate of land use and efficiencies in technological innovation have restrained carbon emissions, and they have contributed to an ideal decoupling situation. Although the intensity of carbon emission and the size of the population have restrained carbon emissions, efforts towards decoupling have faded. The degree of land use has facilitated carbon emissions, and in recent years, efforts have been made to achieve an ideal decoupling. The method of estimation of net carbon emissions devised in this research can lend itself to studies on other regions, and the conclusions provide a reference for China, going forward, to balance urbanization and carbon emissions.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Carbono , Carbono/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Humanos , Urbanização
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11495, 2022 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35798782

RESUMO

Mangrove forests are valuable intertidal ecosystems that provide coastline protection, biodiversity maintenance, and carbon sequestration. However, their survival is under severe threat from rapidly rising sea levels. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in the area of the Dongzhaigang mangrove in China since the 1950s and causes of these changes using literature and remote sensing data. The impact of historical and future sea level rise (SLR) on the mangroves was analyzed using remote sensing data and climate model data under the low, intermediate, and very high greenhouse gas emission scenarios (Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) 2.6, 4.5, and 8.5). The area of the mangrove forests decreased from 3416 to 1711 hm2 during 1956-1988 and remained constant at 1711 hm2 after the 1990s, owing to anthropogenic disturbances such as reclamation and aquaculture before the 1980s and the protection of nature reserve establishment after the 1990s, respectively. Under RCPs 4.5 and 8.5, SLR is expected to cause > 26% of the mangroves to disappear by 2100, whereas under RCP 2.6, only 17% of the mangroves will likely be lost. Biological measures such as reestablishment of ponds as mangrove forests, afforestation, and biological embankment for sediment trapping in coastal wetlands are recommended to enhance the resilience of mangroves to SLR.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Elevação do Nível do Mar , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Áreas Alagadas
10.
Lancet Planet Health ; 6(7): e632-e639, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809591

RESUMO

The global food system is failing to deliver sufficient and nutritious food to all, while damaging the earth and unsustainably drawing down its resources. We argue that trees and forests are essential to solving these challenges. We outline the current contributions of trees and forests to the global food system and present recommendations to leverage these contributions as part of the efforts to reshape food systems to better support healthy diets and environmental sustainability. Trees and forests provide nutrient-rich foods, incomes for food security, ecosystem services for food production, and add resilience to food systems. At the same time, trees and forests protect biodiversity and mitigate climate change through carbon sequestration. We recommend four approaches to realise the full potential of trees and forests to contribute to healthy and sustainable food systems: scaling up current tree-based food production, reorientating some agricultural investments towards nutrient-dense food production, repurposing production incentives from support of calorie-rich but nutrient-poor foods to support nutrient-dense foods, and integrate nutrition objectives into forest conservation and restoration programmes. Trees and forests have important roles to play in the transformation of our food systems, but more needs to be done to ensure that these roles are realised.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , Biodiversidade , Sequestro de Carbono , Florestas
11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(14): 9872-9881, 2022 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785993

RESUMO

In 2020, the Wyoming Legislature enacted House Bill No. 0200 (HB0200), which requires utilities to generate a percentage of dispatchable and reliable low-carbon electricity by 2030. This state requirement must take into consideration "any potentially expiring federal tax credits", such as the federal Section 45Q tax credit. This study aims to examine the potential role of economic and policy incentives that facilitate carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) deployment. A unit-level retrofit analysis shows that deploying CCS at existing coal-fired power plants in Wyoming to meet the HB0200 emission limit would decrease the net efficiency by 29% and increase the levelized cost of electricity by 237% on the fleet average. The CO2 avoidance cost varies by unit from $65/t to 201/t, which reveals economic challenges for CCS retrofits. However, the current tax credit of $50 per metric ton of CO2 for saline-reservoir storage can lower the avoidance cost by 47% on the fleet average. The proposed enhancement of the tax credit to $85/t would offset the added cost for CCS deployment for a total capacity of 3.4 GW. Joint policy and economic incentives can encourage fossil fuel abatement to play a firm role in energy transition.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Carbono , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Carvão Mineral , Fósseis , Políticas , Centrais Elétricas
12.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271589, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35862406

RESUMO

Mangrove forests are the most important ecosystems on Pohnpei Island, Federated States of Micronesia, as the island communities of the central Pacific rely on the forests for many essential services including protection from sea-level rise that is occurring at a greater pace than the global average. As part of a multi-component assessment to evaluate vulnerabilities of mangrove forests on Pohnpei, mangrove forests were mapped at two points in time: 1983 and 2018. In 2018, the island had 6,426 ha of mangrove forest. Change analysis indicated a slight (0.76%) increase of mangrove area between 1983 and 2018, contrasting with global mangrove area declines. Forest structure and aboveground carbon (AGC) stocks were inventoried using a systematic sampling of field survey plots and extrapolated to the island using k-nearest neighbor and random forest species models. A gridded or wall to wall approach is suggested when possible for defining carbon stocks of a large area due to high variability seen in our data. The k-nearest neighbor model performed better than random forest models to map species dominance in these forests. Mean AGC was 167 ± 11 MgC ha-1, which is greater than the global average of mangroves (115 ± 7 MgC ha-1) but within their global range (37-255 MgC ha-1) Kauffman et al. (2020). In 2018, Pohnpei mangroves contained over 1.07 million MgC in AGC pools. By assigning the mean AGC stock per species per area to the map, carbon stock distributions were visualized spatially, allowing future conservation efforts to be directed to carbon dense stands.


Assuntos
Carbono , Ecossistema , Carbono/análise , Sequestro de Carbono , Micronésia , Elevação do Nível do Mar , Áreas Alagadas
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805402

RESUMO

Afforestation projects are the main source of carbon sink. Measurement and impact analysis of carbon sink costs will help accelerate the marketization of forestry carbon sink. Considering the opportunity cost of land use and the carbon release cost of wood products, this study proposed a forestry carbon sink cost model under the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and the direct (DI) investment mode based on the classic carbon sink model. Then, the proposed models were applied to a real-world afforestation project, the 20-year national afforestation project (NAP) in Laohekou City, Hubei Province, China. With the help of the input-output forestry carbon sink cost-benefit analysis framework, the dynamic analysis of factors such as rotation period, timber price, discount rate and yield rate for forestry is carried out. Results show that: (1) with the increasing of rotation period, wood market price, and wood yield rate, the carbon sink cost of Laohekou NAP gradually decreases, while the discount rate has the opposite trend; (2) the DI mode is more feasible than the PPP model at the present condition. The PPP mode is more feasible than the DI mode only when the wood price is lower than 73.18% of the current price, the yield rate is lower than 0.485, and the discount rate is higher than 6.77%. (3) When choosing tree species for NAP, the carbon sink capacity, wood market price, maturity time, and planting cost should be synthetically considered. The proposed model and the obtained results can not only support local governments and forestry carbon sink enterprises to make tradeoffs between PPP and DI mode, but also provide them with useful information for reducing carbon sink costs.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Agricultura Florestal , Carbono/análise , China , Árvores
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 839: 156209, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35644381

RESUMO

The 'enzyme latch' theory believes that oxygen constraints on phenol oxidase can restrain the activity of hydrolytic enzymes responsible for decomposition, while the 'iron (Fe) gate' theory suggests that Fe oxidation can decrease phenol oxidase activity and enhance Fe-lignin complexation under oxygen exposure. The objective of this study was to explore the roles of the 'enzyme latch' and 'Fe gate' mechanisms in regulating soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration in a rice-wheat cropping system subjected to six fertilization treatments: control (CT), chemical fertilizer (CF), CF plus manure (CFM), CF plus straw (CFS), CF plus manure and straw (CFMS), and CF plus organic-inorganic compound fertilizer (OICF). Soil samples were collected after the rice and wheat harvests and wet sieved into large macroaggregates, small macroaggregates, microaggregates, and silt and clay particles. Variations in amorphous and free Fe oxides, Fe-bound organic carbon and phenol oxidase activity were examined. After nine years, compared with the initial soil, the activation degree of free Fe oxides increased by 1.3- to 1.6-fold and the topsoil SOC stock increased by 13-61% across all treatments. Amorphous Fe oxide content, phenol oxidase activity and aggregate mean-weight diameter were higher after the wheat harvest than after the rice harvest. Amorphous Fe oxide content was positively correlated with Fe-bound organic carbon content (P < 0.001) but negatively correlated with phenol oxidase activity (P < 0.001). Therefore, seasonal alternation of wetting and drying can progressively drive the rejuvenation of Fe oxides and simultaneously affect the activity of phenol oxidase. Oxidative precipitation of amorphous Fe oxides promoted the formation of organo-Fe complexes and macroaggregates, while flooding of the paddies decreased the activity of phenol oxidase, thereby resulting in year-round hindered decomposition. Organic fertilization strengthened the roles of the 'Fe gate' and 'enzyme latch' mechanisms, and thus accelerated SOC sequestration in the rice-wheat cropping system.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Oryza , Agricultura/métodos , Carbono , Fertilizantes/análise , Ferro , Esterco , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Compostos Orgânicos , Óxidos , Oxigênio , Rejuvenescimento , Solo/química , Triticum
15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(6): 1475-1481, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729122

RESUMO

Long-term fertilization causes the differences in water, heat, nutrients and microbial activities between topsoil and deep soil, with consequences on the decomposition and turnover of straw carbon (C) in soils. At a long-term positioning experimental station in Shenyang Agricultural University, we mixed the topsoil (0-20 cm) and deep soil (40-60 cm) samples from different fertilization treatments with 13C-labeled straw for in-situ incubation. We analyzed the content of organic C and its δ13C value in soil aggregates, compared the difference in the distribution of straw C between topsoil and deep soil aggregates, and explored the effects of fertilization on the sequestration of straw C in soil aggregates. Compared with fertilization treatments (i.e., single chemical nitrogen fertilizer application and combination of organic manure with nitrogen fertilizer application), the treatment without fertilization increased the content of straw C of <0.053 mm aggregate in the topsoil by 106.7% and that of >0.25 mm aggregate in the deep soil by 34.2%. The contribution percentage of straw C to organic C of >0.053 mm aggregate in the deep soil was about two times of that in the topsoil. About 22.6% and 11.4% of straw C was distributed into the >0.25 mm and <0.25 mm aggregates of topsoil, and about 29.4% and 8.8% of straw C was distributed into the >0.25 mm and <0.25 mm aggregates of deep soil, respectively. In conclusion, straw addition promoted the regeneration and sequestration of carbon in deep soil macroaggregates and increased the carbon sequestration potential of deep soil.


Assuntos
Carbono , Solo , Agricultura , Sequestro de Carbono , Fertilização , Fertilizantes , Humanos , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo/química
16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(5): 1331-1339, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730092

RESUMO

Exploring the spatio-temporal variation characteristics of carbon source and carbon sink under different disposal methods of crop straw is of great significance for optimizing the utilization policy of crop straw resources in China and realizing the goal of maximizing carbon emission reduction and carbon neutralization. Based on data from National Statistical Yearbook, we examined the changing trends of both the amount and value of carbon emission, carbon emission reduction, carbon sink enhancement under different crop straw disposal methods in 31 provinces of Chinese mainland. The results showed that the mean annual carbon emissions of straw burning in China from 2008 to 2019 were 8.74 million tons of CO2e. Since 2014, the mean annual reduction rate of carbon emissions was 17.3%. The mean annual carbon emission reduction of energy utilization was 39.82 million tons of CO2e, with solid briquette fuel produced by straw contributing the most with a contribution of about 98%. The amount of carbon sequestration of straw returning to field was increasing annually, with an average annual value of 271 million tons of CO2e. There was a carbon ecological surplus in straw disposal in China. The annual growth rate of net carbon emission reduction was 9.8%. The net carbon emission reduction intensity and its value were increasing, reaching 2.62 t·hm-2 and 76.19 yuan·hm-2 in 2019, respectively. A spatial pattern of 'high in the east and low in the west' was observed for the mean annual carbon emissions of straw, energy carbon emission reduction, carbon sink of straw returning to the field, and net carbon emission reduction in China, with main external characteristics of the regional differences and spatial aggregation.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Carbono , Agricultura/métodos , Carbono/análise , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Solo
17.
Sci Total Environ ; 839: 156325, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35649455

RESUMO

Seagrass beds act as blue carbon sinks globally as they enhance the trapping of recalcitrant (i.e., low biodegradability) organic carbon in their sediments. Recent studies also show that the recalcitrant fraction of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) pool in seawater has an important role as long-term carbon sequestration in oceans. Although seagrasses are known for the large amount of DOC they export, little attention has been given to its biodegradability, which ultimately determinates its fate in the coastal carbon cycle. In turn, invasive algae are a major global concern in seagrass ecosystems since they can deeply modify their structure and functions, which may affect carbon metabolism and DOC release. This work assesses how the presence of Halimeda incrassata, an invasive tropical calcareous macroalga, modifies carbon metabolism and DOC fluxes in invaded areas dominated by the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa. Our results show that stands with the presence of this seagrass (i.e., both monospecific and mixed meadow) had the highest production values, acting as high DOC producers in both winter (mainly of labile DOC; DOCL) and summer (mainly as recalcitrant DOC; DOCR). In contrast, monospecific H. incrassata beds exhibited low production values, and the presence of this macroalga (either as monospecific beds or mixed with C. nodosa) triggered the shift from a net DOC-producing-system in summer (mainly DOCL) to a net DOC-consuming-system in winter. This work thus suggests that C. nodosa meadows have the potential to export a significant fraction of both labile and recalcitrant DOC, and that the spread of this invasive alga might decrease the C export capacity of seagrass meadows. Such shift would imply the reduction of a quick and efficient transfer of carbon and energy to higher trophic levels, and might reduce the blue carbon potential of seagrasses as dissolved form in the water column.


Assuntos
Carbono , Clorófitas , Ecossistema , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carbono/metabolismo , Sequestro de Carbono , Clorófitas/metabolismo , Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida
18.
J Environ Manage ; 317: 115374, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35751234

RESUMO

Increasing both carbon (C) sequestration and food production is essential for a sustainable future. However, increasing soil C sequestration or graining yield/quality in rice (Oryza sativa L.) systems has been a tradeoff in that pursuing one goal may compromise the other goal. Field experiments were designed to evaluate methane emission and grain yield in two rice systems in southern China, including the traditional double rice with a seedling transplanting system and innovative ratoon rice with a direct seeding system. Grain yield, grain quality, methane (CH4) emission, and total organic carbon (TOC) loss rate were investigated, and yield-scaled CH4 gas emission was assessed. It is found that double rice has a higher grain yield than ratoon rice. However, the grain quality (processing, appearance of chalkiness degree and chalky grain percentage, and nutritional quality) of ratoon rice is superior to double rice, especially the ratoon crop. The yield-scaled CH4 emission of ratoon rice (0.06 kg kg-1) decreased by 49.29% than double rice (0.12 kg kg-1) throughout the growth period. Compared with the TOC loss rate of double rice (2.95 g kg-1), the rate of ratoon rice was lower (1.97 g kg-1). As a result, ratoon rice with direct seeding can not only improve grain quality but also mitigate yield-scaled CH4 gas emission and TOC loss rate of rice fields. Therefore, we suggest to use ratoon rice with a direct seeding technique to promote agricultural C sequestration.


Assuntos
Oryza , Agricultura/métodos , Carbono , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Grão Comestível , Metano/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Solo
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 838(Pt 3): 156328, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35649452

RESUMO

The world is heading in the wrong direction on carbon emissions where we are not on track to limit global warming to 1.5 °C; Ireland is among the countries where overall emissions have continued to rise. The development of wettable peatland products and services (termed 'Paludiculture') present significant opportunities for enabling a transition away from peat-harvesting (fossil fuels) to developing 'green' eco-innovations. However, this must be balanced with sustainable carbon sequestration and environmental protection. This complex transition from 'brown to green' must be met in real time by enabling digital technologies across the full value chain. This will potentially necessitate creation of new green-business models with the potential to support disruptive innovation. This timely paper describes digital transformation of paludiculture-based eco-innovation that will potentially lead to a paradigm shift towards using smart digital technologies to address efficiency of products and services along with future-proofing for climate change. Digital transform of paludiculture also aligns with the 'Industry 5.0 - a human-centric solution'. However, companies supporting peatland innovation may lack necessary standards, data-sharing or capabilities that can also affect viable business model propositions that can jeopardize economic, political and social sustainability. Digital solutions may reduce costs, increase productivity, improve produce develop, and achieve faster time to market for paludiculture. Digitisation also enables information systems to be open, interoperable, and user-friendly. This constitutes the first study to describe the digital transformation of paludiculture, both vertically and horizontally, in order to inform sustainability that includes process automation via AI, machine learning, IoT-Cloud informed sensors and robotics, virtual and augmented reality, and blockchain for cyber-physical systems. Thus, the aim of this paper is to describe the applicability of digital transformation to actualize the benefits and opportunities of paludiculture activities and enterprises in the Irish midlands with a global orientation.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Mudança Climática , Humanos , Indústrias , Solo
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10236, 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35764782

RESUMO

Achieving carbon neutrality requires a variety of technological approaches. In the present study, we confirmed the applicability of a carbon cycle system in several industrial fields using sulphur-oxidising bacteria. This system produces a nitrogen fertiliser, which decreases carbon emissions by recycling H2S and NH3 pollutants discharged into the atmosphere or wastewater. It should be considered in industrial fields as a carbon reduction strategy.


Assuntos
Sequestro de Carbono , Reciclagem , Bactérias , Carbono , Águas Residuárias
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