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1.
Am J Vet Res ; 80(9): 852-861, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether passage of whole blood through a microaggregate filter by use of a syringe pump would damage canine erythrocytes. SAMPLE: Blood samples obtained from 8 healthy client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES: Whole blood was passed through a standard microaggregate filter by use of a syringe pump at 3 standard administration rates (12.5, 25, and 50 mL/h). Prefilter and postfilter blood samples were collected at the beginning and end of a simulated transfusion. Variables measured at each time point included erythrocyte osmotic fragility, mean corpuscular fragility, RBC count, hemoglobin concentration, RBC distribution width, and RBC morphology. In-line pressure when blood passed through the microaggregate filter was measured continuously throughout the simulated transfusion. After the simulated transfusion was completed, filters were visually analyzed by use of scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: Regardless of administration rate, there was no significant difference in mean corpuscular fragility, RBC count, hemoglobin concentration, or RBC distribution width between prefilter and postfilter samples. Additionally, there were no differences in in-line pressure during the simulated transfusion among administration rates. Echinocytes were the erythrocyte morphological abnormality most commonly observed at the end of the transfusion at administration rates of 12.5 and 25 mL/h. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results suggested that regardless of the administration rate, the microaggregate filter did not alter fragility of canine RBCs, but may have altered the morphology. It appeared that the microaggregate filter would not contribute to substantial RBC damage for transfusions performed with a syringe pump.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/veterinária , Cães/sangue , Eritrócitos/ultraestrutura , Filtros Microporos/veterinária , Animais , Feminino , Técnicas In Vitro/veterinária , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Seringas/veterinária
2.
Vet Surg ; 48(7): 1237-1244, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286539

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of needle gauge, syringe volume, and syringe size on needle tract leakage after injection in porcine jejunum. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experiment. SAMPLE POPULATION: Three hundred sixty jejunal segments from 20 feedlot pigs. METHODS: Fresh porcine intestines were divided into 5-cm or 10-cm segments and randomly assigned to the one of nine treatment groups: 25-gauge, 22-gauge, and 20-gauge needles attached to full 12-mL, half-full 20-mL, and full 20-mL syringes (n = 20/group). The jejunal segments were occluded with Rochester-Carmalt forceps prior to injection of diluted India ink. Injection time and leakage were noted by a blinded observer. Multivariate analysis was used with segment size, needle gauge, volume infused, time to inject per milliliter, and syringe size as variables. RESULTS: Leakage occurred in 36% of 5-cm and 15% of 10-cm segments and was immediate without palpation in 33.8% and 11% of segments, respectively. Protective effects were seen for 22-gauge needles in both 5-cm (P = .002) and 10-cm (P = .001) segments, whereas injection of 20 mL had a higher odds ratio of leakage compared with injection of 10 mL and 12 mL in 5-cm segments (P = .003). CONCLUSION: Injections with 22-gauge needles reduced the frequency of leakage, while 20 mL instilled in 5-cm segments increased the frequency of leakage in intact segments of porcine jejunum. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Injection with a smaller syringe size attached to a 22-gauge needle through a 10-cm segment of small intestine may lower the frequency of leakage from the injection site, but influence on the detection of surgical site leakage remains unknown.


Assuntos
Injeções/veterinária , Jejuno/patologia , Agulhas/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária , Animais , Humanos , Injeções/instrumentação , Agulhas/classificação , Suínos , Seringas/classificação
3.
Am J Vet Res ; 80(7): 625-630, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of negative pressure generated by syringes of various sizes with and without an attached thoracostomy tube and whether composition of thoracostomy tubes altered the negative pressure generated. SAMPLE: Syringes ranging from 1 to 60 mL and 4 thoracostomy tubes of various compositions (1 red rubber catheter, 1 polyvinyl tube, and 2 silicone tubes). PROCEDURES: A syringe or syringe with attached thoracostomy tube was connected to a pneumatic transducer. Each syringe was used to aspirate a volume of air 10 times. Negative pressure generated was measured and compared among the various syringe sizes and various thoracostomy tubes. RESULTS: The negative pressure generated decreased as size of the syringe increased for a fixed volume across syringes. Addition of a thoracostomy tube further decreased the amount of negative pressure. The red rubber catheter resulted in the least amount of negative pressure, followed by the polyvinyl tube and then the silicone tubes. There was no significant difference in negative pressure between the 2 silicone tubes. The smallest amount of negative pressure generated was -74 to -83 mm Hg. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Limited data are available on the negative pressure generated during intermittent evacuation of the thoracic cavity. For the present study, use of a syringe of ≥ 20 mL and application of 1 mL of negative suction volume resulted in in vitro pressures much more negative than the currently recommended pressure of -14.71 mm Hg for continuous suction. Additional in vitro or cadaveric studies are needed.


Assuntos
Tubos Torácicos/veterinária , Pressão , Sucção/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária , Toracostomia/veterinária , Técnicas In Vitro , Estudos Prospectivos , Sucção/métodos , Toracostomia/métodos
4.
Am J Vet Res ; 79(3): 348-355, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of 2 bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) sampling techniques and the use of N-butylscopolammonium bromide (NBB) on the quantity and quality of BAL fluid (BALF) samples obtained from horses with the summer pasture endophenotype of equine asthma. ANIMALS 8 horses with the summer pasture endophenotype of equine asthma. PROCEDURES BAL was performed bilaterally (right and left lung sites) with a flexible videoendoscope passed through the left or right nasal passage. During lavage of the first lung site, a BALF sample was collected by means of either gentle syringe aspiration or mechanical suction with a pressure-regulated wall-mounted suction pump. The endoscope was then maneuvered into the contralateral lung site, and lavage was performed with the alternate fluid retrieval technique. For each horse, BAL was performed bilaterally once with and once without premedication with NBB (21-day interval). The BALF samples retrieved were evaluated for volume, total cell count, differential cell count, RBC count, and total protein concentration. RESULTS Use of syringe aspiration significantly increased total BALF volume (mean volume increase, 40 mL [approx 7.5% yield]) and decreased total RBC count (mean decrease, 142 cells/µL), compared with use of mechanical suction. The BALF nucleated cell count and differential cell count did not differ between BAL procedures. Use of NBB had no effect on BALF retrieval. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results indicated that retrieval of BALF by syringe aspiration may increase yield and reduce barotrauma in horses at increased risk of bronchoconstriction and bronchiolar collapse. Further studies to determine the usefulness of NBB and other bronchodilators during BAL procedures in horses are warranted.


Assuntos
Asma/veterinária , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Lavagem Broncoalveolar/veterinária , Brometo de Butilescopolamônio/farmacologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico , Sucção/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária , Animais , Asma/diagnóstico , Lavagem Broncoalveolar/instrumentação , Lavagem Broncoalveolar/métodos , Contagem de Células/veterinária , Endofenótipos , Contagem de Eritrócitos/veterinária , Feminino , Cavalos , Masculino , Estações do Ano , Sucção/métodos
5.
J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) ; 26(6): 766-774, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27074590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful use of an autotransfusion technique utilizing 2 syringes in 4 dogs. CASE SERIES SUMMARY: All 4 dogs in this series had a hemoabdomen and subsequent hypovolemic shock. During surgery blood was collected from the abdominal cavity by the surgeon and passed to an assistant. The blood was then transferred to a second syringe for direct IV administration. The blood was passed through an inline blood filter prior to reaching the patient. Given the transfusion volume and administration time frame, 3 cases were classified as a massive transfusion. All 4 dogs survived the transfusion, were discharged within 3 days of surgery/transfusion and no complications were noted. NEW OR UNIQUE INFORMATION PROVIDED: This case series describes a relatively simple method of performing an autotransfuion in patients with hemoabdomen and hypovolemic shock.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue Autóloga/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/terapia , Hemoperitônio/veterinária , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/veterinária , Animais , Transfusão de Sangue Autóloga/instrumentação , Cães , Feminino , Hemoperitônio/terapia , Histerectomia/veterinária , Masculino , Ovariectomia/veterinária , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Seringas/veterinária
6.
J Small Anim Pract ; 56(11): 637-40, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26511104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess and quantify medetomidine contamination of butorphanol multidose vials in small animal general practices and determine if practice policies and procedures regarding drug handling, as determined by questionnaire, impact upon contamination level. METHODS: Samples of butorphanol were withdrawn from in-use vials in participating practices in June and July 2013. Samples were analysed using high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Forty-one samples were obtained from 31 practices. Contamination was detected in 29 samples from 10 mL vials. The mean (αsd) contamination was 0 · 275 (α0 · 393) µg/mL; maximum contamination in any vial was 2 · 034 µg/mL. There was no correlation between volume of the vial used and the level of contamination. None of the survey factors predicted contamination levels of the vials. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Contamination of butorphanol multidose vials with medetomidine was common but the level of contamination was insufficient to cause detrimental effects in dogs if butorphanol were to be administered alone. The potential for sporadic higher levels of contamination must be taken into account, especially when using 50 mL vials when sedating critically ill cases, because there is a risk of clinical side effects.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Butorfanol/efeitos adversos , Contaminação de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/normas , Animais , Butorfanol/administração & dosagem , Butorfanol/normas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/veterinária , Cães , Espectrometria de Massas/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária , Medicina Veterinária/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Vet Rec ; 175(19): 484, 2014 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25013085

RESUMO

Gastric dilatation is an acute and life-threatening condition in pet rabbits commonly caused by an intestinal obstruction with pellets of compressed hair. Surgery is normally considered to be the treatment of choice to alleviate the obstruction. However, for various reasons such as restrictions by the owner, a high anaesthetic risk due to the critical condition of the patient or concurrent diseases, surgical treatment may be impossible. In a three-year period, 145 cases of gastric dilatation were treated medically with a combination of metoclopramide, metamizole, balanced fluid electrolyte solution with glucose and syringe feeding. No gender or breed predisposition could be noted. Four animals were euthanased, three of them directly after diagnosis. Eleven animals died, eight of them on the day of presentation. The medical treatment was successful in 130 cases (89 per cent) with a mean treatment time of three days. The animals were released from hospital when eating and defecating normally. Although the use of medical treatment of gastric dilatation has to be thoroughly considered, especially regarding the severity of obstruction, the painfulness and the animal's welfare, the good survival rate observed with these animals makes it a good option for all cases where surgical treatment is contraindicated.


Assuntos
Dilatação Gástrica/terapia , Dilatação Gástrica/veterinária , Coelhos , Animais , Dipirona/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/veterinária , Eletrólitos/uso terapêutico , Métodos de Alimentação/veterinária , Feminino , Hidratação/métodos , Hidratação/veterinária , Glucose/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metoclopramida/uso terapêutico , Seringas/veterinária , Resultado do Tratamento , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24224846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of transfusion using a syringe and microaggregate filter on short-term survival and circulating half-life of autologous feline RBCs. DESIGN: Prospective, internally controlled, observational study. SETTING: A University Teaching Hospital ANIMALS: Six apparently healthy, owned cats. INTERVENTIONS: Blood collection by jugular venipuncture. Transfusion with labeled, autologous, fresh RBCs. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Anticoagulated whole blood (35 mL/cat) was collected in 2 equal aliquots. RBCs were washed and labeled at 2 different biotin densities, before suspension in autologous plasma. Labeled RBCs were then transfused using 2 methods, gravity flow and pump delivery using a 20 mL syringe and 18 µm microaggregate filter. Whole blood samples were collected from each cat at 2-hour intervals for 12 hours following completion of the transfusions. Additional samples were collected at weekly intervals up to 6 weeks to assess circulating half-life of the transfused cells. Cell survival was assessed via flow cytometry. The proportion of transfused cells remaining in each of the 2 populations was measured. Biotinylated RBCs were readily detected in all cats over the 6-week sampling period. There was a significant decrease in both populations of labeled cells over the 6-week period (P < 0.01), as expected. There was no difference in probability that the RBCs would survive up to 12 hours immediately following transfusion, and no significant difference in survival between the 2 groups over 6 weeks. The average half-life of all labeled cells was approximately 23 days. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, in contrast to findings from dogs, transfusion of autologous feline RBCs using a syringe + aggregate filter method does not significantly impact short- or long-term survival of the transfused cells.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue Autóloga/veterinária , Gatos/sangue , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/veterinária , Filtração/instrumentação , Seringas/veterinária , Animais , Biotinilação/veterinária , Bombas de Infusão/veterinária
9.
Am J Vet Res ; 75(1): 85-90, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24370250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid obtained by manual aspiration (MA) with a handheld syringe with that obtained by suction pump aspiration (SPA) in healthy dogs. ANIMALS: 13 adult Beagles. PROCEDURES: Each dog was anesthetized and bronchoscopic BAL was performed. The MA technique was accomplished with a 35-mL syringe attached to the bronchoscope biopsy channel. The SPA technique was achieved with negative pressure (5 kPa) applied to the bronchoscope suction valve with a disposable suction trap. Both aspiration techniques were performed in each dog in randomized order on opposite caudal lung lobes. Two 1 mL/kg aliquots of warm saline (0.9% NaCl) solution were infused per site. For each BAL fluid sample, the percentage of retrieved fluid was calculated, the total nucleated cell count (TNCC) and differential cell count were determined, and semiquantitative assessment of slide quality was performed. Comparisons were made between MA and SPA techniques for each outcome. RESULTS: 1 dog was removed from the study because of illness. The mean percentage of fluid retrieved (mean difference, 23%) and median TNCC (median distribution of differences, 100 cells/µL) for samples obtained by SPA were significantly greater than those for samples obtained by MA. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In healthy dogs, BAL by SPA resulted in a significantly higher percentage of fluid retrieval and samples with a higher TNCC than did MA. Further evaluation of aspiration techniques in dogs with respiratory tract disease is required to assess whether SPA improves the diagnostic yield of BAL samples.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Cães/fisiologia , Pulmão/citologia , Sucção/métodos , Animais , Lavagem Broncoalveolar/veterinária , Broncoscopia/veterinária , Contagem de Células/veterinária , Feminino , Masculino , Sucção/instrumentação , Sucção/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária
10.
Vet J ; 198(1): 235-8, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24011475

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a needle-free injection device (NF) with a needle and syringe (NS) when used to vaccinate calves against bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV). The study was conducted in two independent phases. Ninety-six crossbred beef calves were vaccinated in the spring and 98 beef calves in the autumn. The calves were vaccinated using a NF or NS at 2 months of age (day 0) and again on day 119, with a modified-live virus vaccine containing IBRV, BVDV (types 1 and 2), parainfluenza-3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus. In each herd 10 calves were left unvaccinated to determine whether exposure to either BVDV or IBRV occurred. Visible vaccine residue at the surface of the skin/hair was apparent immediately following vaccination with NF in 30% of the spring-born calves following both the primary and booster vaccination. In the autumn, visible vaccine residues occurred in 19% and 8% of NF-vaccinated calves following the primary and booster vaccination. Post-vaccination skin reactions recorded on days 21, 42, 119 and 140 occurred with greater frequency in NF-vaccinated calves than NS-vaccinated ones. Blood samples were collected on days 0, 21, 42, 119, and 140 and tested for antibodies to BVDV and IBRV. Vaccination technique had no significant effect on BVDV or IBRV antibody concentrations at any time point. NF was as effective as NS vaccination in eliciting BVDV and IBRV antibody responses.


Assuntos
Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/prevenção & controle , Síndrome Hemorrágica Bovina/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/métodos , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/virologia , Bovinos , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina Tipo 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina Tipo 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Síndrome Hemorrágica Bovina/virologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/virologia , Agulhas/veterinária , Estações do Ano , Seringas/veterinária , Vacinação/instrumentação , Vacinação/veterinária
11.
Am J Vet Res ; 73(7): 979-87, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22738049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of syringe type and storage conditions on blood gas and acid-base values for equine blood samples. SAMPLE: Blood samples obtained from 8 healthy horses. PROCEDURES: Heparinized jugular venous blood was equilibrated via a tonometer at 37°C with 12% O(2) and 5% CO(2). Aliquots (3 mL) of tonometer-equilibrated blood were collected in random order by use of a glass syringe (GS), general-purpose polypropylene syringe (GPPS), or polypropylene syringe designed for blood gas analysis (PSBGA) and stored in ice water (0°C) or at room temperature (22°C) for 0, 5, 15, 30, 60, or 120 minutes. Blood pH was measured, and blood gas analysis was performed; data were analyzed by use of multivariable regression analysis. RESULTS: Blood Po(2) remained constant for the reference method (GS stored at 0°C) but decreased linearly at a rate of 7.3 mm Hg/h when stored in a GS at 22°C. In contrast, Po(2) increased when blood was stored at 0°C in a GPPS and PSBGA or at 22°C in a GPPS; however, Po(2) did not change when blood was stored at 22°C in a PSBGA. Calculated values for plasma concentration of HCO(3) and total CO(2) concentration remained constant in the 3 syringe types when blood was stored at 22°C for 2 hours but increased when blood was stored in a GS or GPPS at 0°C. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Blood samples for blood gas and acid-base analysis should be collected into a GS and stored at 0°C or collected into a PSBGA and stored at room temperature.


Assuntos
Gasometria/veterinária , Cavalos/sangue , Manejo de Espécimes/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária , Animais , Gasometria/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Distribuição Aleatória , Análise de Regressão , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos
12.
J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci ; 49(3): 335-43, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20587166

RESUMO

Oral administration of drugs to laboratory rodents typically is achieved by using the gavage technique. Although highly effective, this method occasionally can cause esophageal injury as well as restraint-associated distress, particularly with repeated use. The aim of this study was to assess an alternative oral dosing method that could reduce the distress and morbidity associated with standard gavage techniques. The palatability and pharmacokinetic profile of 2 medicines approved for the treatment of Alzheimer disease, donepezil and galantamine, were investigated in male Lister hooded rats by using a syringe-feeding method and compared with results from traditional gavage administration. In addition, the stimulant nicotine was tested by using the syringe-feeding method in a separate series of experiments. Animals reliably learned to drink voluntarily from the syringe, and latency to drink decreased rapidly. The addition of donepezil, galantamine, or nicotine to sucrose had no apparent effect on the palatability of the solution, although nicotine produced aversive effects that inhibited subsequent voluntary intake. Oral bioavailability was improved by using syringe feeding with donepezil but not galantamine. Both drugs improved cognitive performance in the novel object recognition test, with similar behavioral profiles between the 2 methods of administration. Our results suggest that the syringe-feeding technique is an effective alternative oral dosing method in rats.


Assuntos
Galantamina/administração & dosagem , Indanos/administração & dosagem , Nootrópicos/administração & dosagem , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Donepezila , Galantamina/farmacologia , Indanos/farmacologia , Ciência dos Animais de Laboratório/métodos , Masculino , Nicotina/administração & dosagem , Nicotina/farmacologia , Nootrópicos/farmacologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Reconhecimento Psicológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico , Sacarose/administração & dosagem , Sacarose/farmacologia , Seringas/veterinária , Fatores de Tempo
14.
J Anim Sci ; 86(6): 1468-71, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18310489

RESUMO

Lateral transmission of blood-borne diseases can occur when a single needle is used repeatedly to vaccinate livestock. Needle-free technology to vaccinate sheep without damaging the carcass, causing lesions, or leaving needle fragments, and eliciting a similar antibody response as traditional needle vaccinations, has been hampered due to variable wool length. Vaccine delivery, injection time, and antibody response were evaluated for a prototype pneumatically powered, needle-free injector and for traditional needle injections. To determine optimal pressure for vaccine delivery with the pneumatic, needle-free injector, two 8-mo-old wethers were injected at pressures from 207 to 414 kPa in increments of 69 kPa. Injection time and antibody responses were evaluated using one hundred 8-mo-old wethers given primary and secondary inoculations of ovalbumin. Serum samples were collected before and after the inoculations on d 0, 14, 28, and 42. Optimal pressure to deliver a s.c. inoculation with the pneumatic, needle-free injector was 207 to 276 pKa. Inoculation of 100 wethers required 60% less time with the pneumatic, needle-free injector than with needle injections when a new needle was used on every animal. Antibody titers were the same (P > 0.12) for the pneumatic, needle-free and the needle injections on d 14, 28, and 42. In addition, antibody titers increased after primary and secondary inoculations, as expected. This study indicated that a pneumatic, needle-free injector can be used to elicit the same antibody response in sheep as a needle injection, and the pneumatic, needle-free injector was faster. The pneumatic, needle-free injector also would be expected to reduce lateral transmission of blood-borne diseases, and will save time, eliminate biohazard waste (e.g., used needles), and eliminate accidental needle sticks for livestock handlers when vaccinating sheep.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/sangue , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/veterinária , Pressão , Ovinos , Vacinação/veterinária , Animais , Injeções Subcutâneas/instrumentação , Injeções Subcutâneas/métodos , Injeções Subcutâneas/veterinária , Masculino , Agulhas/veterinária , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/prevenção & controle , Ovinos/lesões , Doenças dos Ovinos/prevenção & controle , Doenças dos Ovinos/transmissão , Seringas/veterinária , Fatores de Tempo , Vacinação/efeitos adversos , Vacinação/instrumentação , Vacinação/métodos
15.
J Vet Intern Med ; 21(3): 476-81, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17552454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Results of arterial blood gas analysis can be biased by pre-analytical factors, such as time to analysis, syringe type, and temperature during storage. However, the acceptable delay between time of collection and analysis for equine arterial blood gas remains unknown. HYPOTHESIS: Dedicated plastic syringes provide better stability of arterial blood gases than multipurpose plastic syringes. ANIMALS: Eight mares, 1 stallion, and 1 gelding, ages 3 to 10 years old. METHODS: Arterial blood samples were collected in a glass syringe, a plastic syringe designated for blood gas collection, and a multipurpose tuberculin plastic syringe. Blood samples were stored at ambient temperature or in iced water. For each sample, partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood (PaCO2), and pH were measured within a few minutes of collection and at 5, 20, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after collection. RESULTS: Collection into glass syringes stored in iced water provided adequate PaO2 results for up to 117 +/- 35 minutes, whereas blood collected in either of the plastic syringes resulted in a variation >10 mm Hg after 10 +/- 3 to 17 +/- 2 minutes, depending on the storage conditions. Plastic syringes kept at ambient temperature offered more stability for PaCO2 analysis because they could be stored up to 83 +/- 16 minutes without significant variations. Values of pH did not show variations more than 0.02 for the first hour, irrespectively of storage condition. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Glass syringes placed on ice are preferable for analysis of PaO2. Blood collected in plastic syringes should be analyzed within 10 minutes, irrespective of the storage temperature, to ensure the accuracy of PaO2 values.


Assuntos
Gasometria/veterinária , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/veterinária , Cavalos/sangue , Seringas/veterinária , Animais , Gasometria/instrumentação , Gasometria/métodos , Preservação de Sangue/instrumentação , Preservação de Sangue/métodos , Preservação de Sangue/veterinária , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/instrumentação , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/métodos , Dióxido de Carbono/sangue , Feminino , Vidro , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Oxigênio/sangue , Pressão Parcial , Plásticos , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Vet Anaesth Analg ; 31(4): 250-7, 2004 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15509289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the consistency of partial pressures (P) of arterial oxygen (aO(2)), arterial carbon dioxide (aCO(2)) and pH measurements in equine carotid arterial blood samples taken into syringes made from three different materials and stored at room temperature or placed in iced water for measurement at three different times. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study over 19 days. ANIMALS: Four clinically normal Thoroughbred or Thoroughbred-cross horses (three geldings, one mare, mean age 6.25 years, range 5-7 years). METHODS: Identical blood samples were taken on two separate occasions from the carotid arteries of the four horses into syringes made of glass, plastic and polypropylene. PaO(2), PaCO(2) and pH determinations were performed on blood from each syringe type at 10, 60 and 120 minutes post-sampling with samples stored at room temperature (approximately 20 degrees C) or in iced water (approximately 0 degrees C). Data were analysed by anova and a split plot model fitting syringe within horse X pair and time within temperature within syringe. RESULTS: Syringe material, storage temperature and time before analysis all had significant effects on PaO(2) (p < 0.001). PaCO(2) was unaffected by syringe material or storage temperature. However, over 120 minutes, storage duration significantly (p = 0.002) affected values. Temperature of storage and duration prior to analysis both significantly affected pH values (p = 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively), but syringe material did not. Several significant interactions between these variables were noted. CONCLUSIONS: Equine arterial blood gas determination has a different sensitivity to storage conditions compared to other veterinary species. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: For accurate equine arterial blood analysis, PaO(2) samples need to be analysed within 10 minutes or taken into glass syringes, stored on ice and analysed at 2 hours post-sampling. PaCO(2) and pH measurements can be performed on samples stored in glass, plastic or polypropylene syringes at room temperature for up to 1 hour post-sampling.


Assuntos
Gasometria/veterinária , Preservação de Sangue/veterinária , Dióxido de Carbono/sangue , Oxigênio/sangue , Animais , Gasometria/instrumentação , Gasometria/métodos , Preservação de Sangue/instrumentação , Preservação de Sangue/métodos , Feminino , Cavalos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Seringas/veterinária , Temperatura
17.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 201(1): 111-3, 1992 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1644629

RESUMO

To facilitate medical dissolution of uroliths in dogs and cats, urinary catheters may be used to retrieve urocystoliths for quantitative mineral analysis. Following transurethral catheterization of the urinary bladder and distention of the bladder with physiologic saline solution, urine and saline solution are aspirated into a syringe while an assistant vigorously and repeatedly moves the abdomen up and down. Dispersion of small uroliths throughout fluid in the bladder lumen facilitates their aspiration into the catheter and syringe.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/terapia , Doenças do Cão/terapia , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/veterinária , Cateterismo Urinário/veterinária , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Feminino , Masculino , Sucção/veterinária , Seringas/veterinária , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/terapia
19.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; 193(11): 1361, 1988 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3209444
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