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1.
Adv Gerontol ; 34(3): 446-453, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409825

RESUMO

The study of the living conditions of the elderly living alone or together with other family relatives is relevant to the organization of medical and social care and the strengthening of coordination between medical and social services. We analysed information of 1 261 people aged 80 years and older in ambulatory care settings, of whom 40% lived alone and 60% lived in the family. The proportion of single residents increases with age. It was determined several socio-demographic characteristics of patients, including age, gender, and household composition, calculated the prevalence of senile asthenia syndrome and the main chronic non-infectious diseases for single and family patients, and identified gender differences. Single men in the «Age is not a hindrance¼ screening more often revealed senile asthenia and had more severe pain syndrome compared to men living in a family. In contrast to men, senile asthenia and pain summation were more frequently registered for women living in a family than for women living alone. For the organization of medical and social care, it is important to consider the relationship between gender and marital status, as well as how this relationship changes over time.


Assuntos
Distância Psicológica , Características de Residência , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Seguridade Social , Serviço Social
2.
Adv Gerontol ; 34(3): 480-484, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409830

RESUMO

The article deals with the use of art-therapeutic methods in the complex psychological support of the elderly and senile age. The study was conducted on the basis of the Comprehensive Center of Social Services for the Population of the Birsk District and the City of Birsk of the Republic of Bashkortostan and Polyclinic № 1 of Ufa, total sample was 60 respondents aged 60-80 years. The analysis of the results revealed that the use of the art therapy program with the gradual enrichment and complication of art therapy classes stimulates new life orientations, the awareness of the individual of the presence of other psychological characteristics that allow the subject to function successfully in real life.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Serviço Social
3.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 200, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valid measures of the well-being of older people are important for the evaluation of health and social care services. The nine-item Well-being of Older People measure (WOOP) was based on a novel framework derived from a recent Q-methodology study, and was developed to capture a comprehensive set of well-being domains relevant to older people, as identified by themselves. This study introduces the WOOP and describes the qualitative assessment of its feasibility and content validity. METHODS: Between December 2017 and January 2018, a sampling agency retrieved data from 269 adults aged 65 years and older in the Netherlands. Using an online survey, participants were asked to complete the WOOP and to indicate the importance of each item to their well-being. Open-ended questions were used to collect information about participants' own definition of well-being, their interpretation of the items of the WOOP, and their assessment of the descriptions and response options provided with each item. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis with the software package ATLAS.ti. RESULTS: The WOOP closely resembled respondents' own description of what well-being means to them. The majority of the respondents reported no important well-being aspects to be missing from the WOOP, and indicated all WOOP items to be at least 'reasonably important' to their well-being. Many linked the WOOP items to well-being aspects as intended, and only a few had suggestions for improving the items' descriptions and response options. CONCLUSIONS: Given these results, all nine items were retained, and no items were added to the measure. Based on respondents' feedback, minor changes were made to the wording of some descriptions and response options of items. Concluding, the feasibility and content validity of the WOOP seem satisfactory. Further validation of this new measure is required, in different health and social care settings and among subgroups of older people with potentially different views on what constitutes well-being.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Países Baixos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Apoio Social , Serviço Social
4.
Wiad Lek ; 74(7): 1634-1641, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To develop, substantiate and experimentally test the model of social workers' training to apply medical social work technologies in the professional activities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Mixed methods design was applied. The experimental work was conducted in stages: 1) pilot study of social work curriculum of Ukrainian universities directed on the readiness formation to apply technologies of medical social work; 2) model developing with targeted, content, functional-procedural, analytical-resultative components; 3) pedagogical experiment on the learning procedure provision to students. At various stages, the study involved 48 teachers from 7 Ukrainian universities, 229 social work bachelors, 43 practical social workers. RESULTS: Results: indicated that the implemented training positively leveled up in the experimental group the students' readiness formed to apply technologies of medical social work. The number of students with high level - increased by 28.9%; with sufficient level - increased by 33.4%; with average level - increased by 8.9%; with low level - decreased by 71.1%. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The obtained results confirmed the efficacy of the modified program on social workers' training to apply medical social work technologies in the professional activities.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Universidades , Currículo , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Serviço Social , Estudantes
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444399

RESUMO

In 2015, the resettlement of 25,000 Syrian refugees in Canada placed a strain on social services. Caseworkers employed in these agencies often come from similar migratory trajectories to those of the refugees. This experiential proximity requires an understanding of the subjective perspectives that caseworkers with migratory paths have of refugees in the context of their professional practice. We analyzed fifteen individual interviews with Canadian caseworkers and conducted field observations of resettlement activities in the Ottawa-Gatineau region using inductive reasoning inspired by grounded theory. Adopting a sociogenetic approach to social representation theory, this qualitative study illustrates how the social representation of refugees among foreign-born caseworkers is highly informed by their migratory past experience, as well as by the social identity and social context from which that representation was socio-generated. Our analysis reveals the mirror effect of the caseworkers as a fruitful concept for understanding the identity-otherness dynamics in the encounter between the distant other (refugee) and the self.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Canadá , Teoria Fundamentada , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serviço Social
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360476

RESUMO

Self-compassion recognises a meaning of life's suffering, aligning with existential positive psychology. Although this construct is known to protect our mental health, how to augment self-compassion remains to be evaluated. Social work students suffer from high rates of mental health problems; however, research into self-compassion in this population remains to be developed. This study aimed to evaluate (i) relationships between self-compassion and more traditional positive constructs-resilience, engagement and motivation, and (ii) differences of these constructs between the levels of studies to inform how self-compassion can be enhanced in social work students. A total of 129 Irish social work students completed self-report scales regarding self-compassion, resilience, engagement and motivation. Correlation, regression and one-way MANOVA were conducted. Self-compassion was associated with gender, age, resilience, engagement and intrinsic motivation. Resilience and intrinsic motivation were significant predictors of self-compassion. There was no significant difference in the levels of these constructs between the levels of studies. Findings suggest that social work educators across different levels can strengthen students' resilience and intrinsic motivation to cultivate the students' self-compassion. Moreover, the close relationships between self-compassion, resilience and intrinsic motivation indicate that orienting students to the meaning of the studies helps their mental health.


Assuntos
Empatia , Motivação , Ansiedade , Humanos , Serviço Social , Estudantes
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 804, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study seeks to explore how social workers have perceived and experienced a medical home model for children and adolescents in out-of-home care in Uppsala County, Sweden. METHOD: A qualitative explorative study was conducted, which involved ten semi-structured individual telephone interviews with social workers. The study sample included employees within the social service, working in a specialised case unit who had experience of referring children and/or adolescents to the medical home model called Hälsofam. Data were analysed inductively using thematic analysis. RESULTS: The findings of the current study indicated that working with Hälsofam has offered social workers a way into the health care sector and an active collaborative working situation, with focus on organised work across the 'silos' of care services. However, the findings raised the question of whether or not all children and adolescents have the same possibility to receive care from Hälsofam. CONCLUSION: The findings indicated that the Hälsofam model had a positive impact on the interrelations between the social service and the health care sector. Yet, findings showed that personal views of the social worker and the societal situation in which they operate create limitations for providing care for every child and adolescent. This study adds to the extant literature for it addresses the limitations within the work of children and adolescents in out-of-home care.


Assuntos
Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Assistentes Sociais , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serviço Social
9.
Am J Public Health ; 111(7): 1227-1230, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370535

RESUMO

Cook County Health partnered with the Chicago Departments of Public Health and Family & Support Services and several dozen community-based organizations to rapidly establish a temporary medical respite shelter during the spring 2020 COVID-19 peak for individuals experiencing homelessness in Chicago and Cook County, Illinois. This program provided low-barrier isolation housing to medically complex adults until their safe return to congregate settings. We describe strategies used by the health care agency, which is not a Health Resource and Services Administration Health Care for the Homeless grantee, to provide medical services and care coordination.


Assuntos
COVID-19/reabilitação , Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Interinstitucionais , Serviço Social/organização & administração , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Chicago , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Illinois , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Habitação Popular/estatística & dados numéricos , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 29(Special Issue): 822-826, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327971

RESUMO

The efficiency of the process of rehabilitation and meeting special needs of disabled individuals in the modern conditions is one of the indicators of national social policy's performance. This article presents the results of research on social adaptation of disabled, measures and directions of social support, legal and economic conditions of rehabilitation of disabled. A special attention is dedicated to coordination of directions of social rehabilitation, habilitation and provision of social services to disabled on on the basis of state institutions of social services for the population. The stages of social rehabilitation, habilitation are detailed, which are separated into blocks of the algorithm for managing this dynamic process. The results of the study are aimed at the social services system's development, improvement of the quality of life of disabled people.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Apoio Social , Serviço Social
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204132

RESUMO

Health and social services (HSS) are now, more than ever, at the center of the debate of public policy. We are interested in studying the HSS services innovations from the networked-governance strategy standpoint. With this research, we contribute by analyzing the criteria leading to the formation of HSS public service innovation networks (HSS PSINs). These criteria are important because they may result in the much-needed empirical foundation of the metagovernance of public networks for sustainable innovation. Our analysis rests on neo-Schumpeterian interpretations of product, process, organizational, market, and input innovations, and their characteristics. By an empirical partial least squares structural equations model, we present here the relationships between those characteristics and HSS PSINs. Our intent is that these relationships become clearer, and help enhance HSS PSINs metagovernance-i.e., their control, democratic legitimacy, and accountability by public decision-makers. Hence, our research supports the voices for an extended use of networks for policy and service collaborative innovation for sustainability.


Assuntos
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Serviço Social , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Inovação Organizacional , Política Pública , Responsabilidade Social
12.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(7): e2118134, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297071

RESUMO

Importance: Diseases of despair (ie, mortality or morbidity from suicidality, drug abuse, and alcoholism) were first characterized as increasing in rural White working-class populations in midlife with low educational attainment and associated with long-term economic decline. Excess mortality now appears to be associated with working-class citizens across demographic and geographic boundaries, but no known qualitative studies have engaged residents of rural and urban locales with high prevalence of diseases of despair to learn their perspectives. Objective: To explore perceptions about despair-related illness and potential intervention strategies among diverse community members residing in discrete rural and urban hotspots. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this qualitative study, high-prevalence hotspots for diseases of despair were identified from health insurance claims data in Central Pennsylvania. Four focus groups were conducted with 60 community members in organizations and coalitions from 3 census block group hotspot clusters in the health system between September 2019 and January 2020. Focus groups explored awareness and beliefs about causation and potential intervention strategies. Main Outcomes and Measures: A descriptive phenomenological approach was applied to thematic analysis, and a preliminary conceptual model was constructed to describe how various factors may be associated with perpetuating despair and with public health. Results: In total, 60 adult community members participated in 4 focus groups (44 women, 16 men; 40 White non-Hispanic, 17 Black, and 3 Hispanic/Latino members). Three focus groups with 43 members were held in rural areas with high prevalence of diseases of despair, and 1 focus group with 17 members in a high-prevalence urban area. Four themes emerged with respect to awareness and believed causation of despair-related illness, and participants identified common associated factors, including financial distress, lack of critical infrastructure and social services, deteriorating sense of community, and family fragmentation. Intervention strategies focused around 2 themes: (1) building resilience to despair through better community and organizational coordination and peer support at the local level and (2) encouraging broader state investments in social services and infrastructure to mitigate despair-related illness. Conclusions and Relevance: In this qualitative study, rural and urban community members identified common factors associated with diseases of despair, highlighting the association between long-term political and economic decline and public health and a need for both community- and state-level solutions to address despair. Health care systems participating in addressing community health needs may improve processes to screen for despair (eg, social history taking) and codesign primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions aimed at addressing factors associated with distress. Such actions have taken on greater urgency with the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle , Atitude , Características de Residência , População Rural , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adulto , Alcoolismo/etiologia , Conscientização , COVID-19 , Atenção à Saúde , Família , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Esperança , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupo Associado , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Resiliência Psicológica , Classe Social , Serviço Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etiologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201286

RESUMO

This study is a multigroup path analysis aiming to create a theoretical model of presenteeism among female workers in the health and social work sectors, assess the mediating effects of mental health problems (sleeping trouble and psychological wellbeing), and physical health problems (fatigue and muscle aches) on the relationship between work characteristics (demands at work and social community at work) and presenteeism, and identify the differences between the effects of variables on those who reported low work-life imbalance and high work-life imbalance. Raw data from the fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS) were analyzed. From the total sample of 50,205 people, 2209 women in health and social work were included in the study sample. The results were as follows: the demands at work had a significant and positive indirect effect on presenteeism (B = 0.0023, p < 0.001), mediated by trouble sleeping, fatigue, and muscle aches, in that order. Demands at work were also found to have a significant and negative indirect effect on presenteeism (B = -0.0017, p < 0.001), mediated by psychological wellbeing, fatigue, and muscle aches, in descending order. Social community at work had a significant and negative indirect effect on presenteeism (B = -0.0022, p < 0.001), mediated by trouble sleeping, fatigue, and muscle aches, in that order. Social community at work also had a significant and negative effect on presenteeism, mediated by psychological wellbeing, fatigue, and muscle aches, in descending order (B = -0.0097, p < 0.001). Demands at work did not have a significant effect on psychological wellbeing in the low work-life imbalance group, whereas its effect was significant and positive (ß = 0.198, p < 0.001) in the high work-life imbalance group. In conclusion, in the path model of the low work-life imbalance group, demands at work did not influence psychological wellbeing. Therefore, strategies to ameliorate work-life imbalance may be helpful components of interventions to reduce presenteeism.


Assuntos
Análise de Mediação , Presenteísmo , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Serviço Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
15.
Epilepsy Behav ; 122: 108121, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144459

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects millions of adults and children. Several different types of seizures, ranging from generalized which affect both sides of the brain to focal seizures that are rooted in one location of the brain. In addition to the physical impact of epilepsy, there are many emotional and identity consequences of living with epilepsy. An area that is not yet explored is the impact of epilepsy on the lives of women of color. In this paper, we fill this gap by exploring the experiences of two women of color who have had epilepsy beginning in early childhood through motherhood. One of the women is Mexican-American and an early career faculty in social work. The other identifies as a Chinese immigrant doctoral student in disability studies. Together, these stories bring to the literature voices that have not been actively engaged by epilepsy research or academia. We use a duoethnographic approach in this work given that this method provides an opportunity to explore identity and intersectionality and juxtapose our narratives surrounding epilepsy. By applying disability critical race theory (DisCrit) to our narratives, we identified how fluctuating epileptic symptoms, gender, and culture, interact with the layers of our epileptic identities. Furthermore, we discuss how our experiences with epilepsy exposes the lack of accommodative efforts in both the healthcare and education systems for individuals with invisible neurodevelopmental disabilities. This duoethnography has important implications for engaging youth with epilepsy and other invisible disabilities. By showcasing our journey of "coming to terms" with epilepsy, our dialog provides insights into how to support youth in building a positive disability identity. Our experiences in academia set up a basis to discuss accommodations for students with epilepsy and other invisible disabilities.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Epilepsia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Serviço Social
16.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 591, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are key actors in the ageing society. They are mediators between practitioners and patients and usually provide also essential daily services for the elders. However, till now, few services have been deployed to help caregivers in their care tasks as in improving their mental health which can experience sever burden due to caregiving duties. The purpose of the study is to implement a community-based participatory research project to co-design an innovative organizational model of social services for family caregivers of elderly health consumers living in remote rural areas in Italy. METHODS: This is a community-based participatory research project in the remote area of Vallecamonica involving four main phases. These included a quantitative analysis of caregiver needs, a scoping review on existing services for caregivers, co-design workshops with local stakeholders and caregivers to create a novel service the piloting and a first implementation of the service and the assessment of project transferability to other contexts. RESULTS: As the hours dedicated to elder care increases, both objective and developmental caregiver's burden significantly increases. Conversely, higher levels of engagement were associated with lower physical and emotional burden, and caregiver engagement was positively correlated with their perceived self-efficacy in managing disruptive patient behaviours. Based on these preliminary results, four co-design workshops with caregivers were conducted and led to the definition of the SOS caregivers service, built on four pillars structured upon the previous need analysis: a citizens' management board, training courses, peer-to-peer meetings, and project and service information. We found that co-design is an effective means of creating new services for family caregivers, whose experiential knowledge proved to be a key resource for the project team in delivering and managing services. Less positively, the transferability analysis indicated that local municipalities remain reluctant to acknowledge caregivers' pivotal role. CONCLUSIONS: A dedicated support service for caregivers can ameliorate caregiving conditions and engagement levels. The service has resulted a successful co-productive initiative for a psycho-social intervention for family caregivers. For the future, we suggest that family caregiver should be considered an active partner in the process of designing novel psycho-social services and not just as recipients to enhance a better aging-in-place process.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , População Rural , Idoso , Humanos , Vida Independente , Itália , Serviço Social
17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190485

RESUMO

The article substantiates the necessity in applying the complex approach to handle medical social problems of patients in elderly and senile age suffering of complete absence of teeth conditions the relevance of developing medical and social work with this contingent. In the complex management of patients receiving dental orthopedic care, professional social workers apply medical, psychological, pedagogical and social measures targeted to maintain their actual health. It is demonstrated that such activities can be implemented within the framework of wide network of social service organizations in cooperation with dentists.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Serviço Social , Idoso , Humanos
18.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 12: 21501327211024390, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120507

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In an effort to improve health outcomes and promote health equity, healthcare systems have increasingly begun to screen patients for unmet social needs and refer them to relevant social services and community-based organizations. This study aimed to identify factors associated with the successful connection (ie, services started) to social needs resources, as well as factors associated with an attempt to connect as a secondary, intermediate outcome. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients who had been screened, referred, and subsequently reached for follow-up navigation from March 2019 to December 2020, as part of a social needs intervention at a federally qualified health center (FQHC). Measures included demographic and social needs covariates collected during screening, as well as resource-related covariates that characterized the referred resources, including service domain (area of need addressed), service site (integration relative to the FQHC), and access modality (means of accessing services). RESULTS: Of the 501 patients in the analytic sample, 32.7% had started services with 1 or more of their referred resources within 4 weeks of the initial referral, and 63.3% had at least attempted to contact 1 referred resource, whether or not they were able to start services. Receiving a referral to resources that patients could access via phone call or drop-in visit, as opposed to resources that required additional appointments or applications prior to accessing services, was associated with increased odds (aOR 1.95, 95% CI 1.05, 3.61) of connection success, after adjusting for age, sex, race, ethnicity, education, number of social needs, and resource-related characteristics. This study did not find statistically significant associations between connection attempt and any variable included in adjusted analyses. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that referral pathways may influence the success of patients' connection to social needs resources, highlighting opportunities for more accessible solutions to addressing patients' unmet social needs.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Serviço Social
19.
J Public Health Policy ; 42(2): 211-221, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088978

RESUMO

In order to effectively control spread of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), it is essential that jurisdictions have the capacity to rapidly trace close contacts of each and every case. Best practice guidance on how to implement such programs is urgently needed. We describe the early experience in the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF), where the City's Department of Health expanded contact tracing capability in anticipation of changes in San Francisco's 'shelter in place' order between April and June 2020. Important prerequisites to successful scale-up included a rapid expansion of the COVID-19 response workforce, expansion of testing capability, and other containment resources. San Francisco's scale-up offers a model for how other jurisdictions can rapidly mobilize a workforce. We underscore the importance of an efficient digital case management system, effective training, and expansion of supportive service programs for those in quarantine or isolation, and metrics to ensure continuous performance improvement.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Administração em Saúde Pública/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Teste para COVID-19/estatística & dados numéricos , Gerenciamento de Dados/organização & administração , Eficiência Organizacional , Humanos , Pandemias , Quarentena/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , São Francisco/epidemiologia , Serviço Social/organização & administração
20.
Barbarói ; (58)jan.-jun. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1150692

RESUMO

Este artigo analisa os sentidos atribuídos ao jovem configurado pela atual política pública brasileira de aprendizagem profissional e como operam as tecnologias de governo do indivíduo na produção da noção de risco social. Trata-se de um estudo documental com base na teoria de leitura de Mikhail Bakhtin, na qual se analisam os enunciados objetivando a sua desnaturalização. Um conjunto de normativas atinentes a essa política foi selecionado, lido e analisado enquanto textos e intertextos a produzir uma rede dialógica complexa que evidencia o posicionamento do Estado em relação ao significado de ser aprendiz, o qual envolve a noção de proteção social, portanto direcionado ao público alvo da política de assistência social. O sentido da identidade do jovem considerado de risco é o principal alvo da política, que regulamenta o trabalho antes dos 18 anos identificando-o como aprendiz. O estudo evidencia o caráter normativo e regulador desse processo, embora a esfera social seja complexa e requeira uma revisão constante. Diante da naturalização do conceito de juventude constatado, as políticas públicas voltadas para o jovem apresentam-se contraditórias e distantes das demandas específicas desta população. Este estudo aponta para a necessidade de problematizar os sentidos da proteção social para o jovem e para a sociedade, bem como os seus efeitos, especialmente na política de aprendizagem profissional, a qual não afeta somente o seu destinatário, mas a toda a sociedade, uma vez que atua na fabricação de um modelo identitário e gesta a existência dos indivíduos objetivando sua conformação.(AU)


This article analyses the meanings attributed to the young person as seen by Brazilian public policy of professional apprenticeship and how the government technologies of the individual work on the production of the concept social risk. It is a documental study based on Mikhail Bakhtin's reading theory, in which utterances are analysed aiming at their denaturalisation. A set of norms regarding this policy has been selected, read and analysed as texts and intertexts, producing a complex dialogic web and casting light on the positioning of the state government concerning the meaning of apprentice and social protection, therefore directed to the target audience of this social care policy. The meaning of the identity of the youth seen as at risk is the main target of this policy, which regulates work before the age of 18, identifying the young person as an apprentice. This study evinces the characteristics of this process as normative and regulatory, although the social sphere is complex, requiring constant revision. Considering the naturalisation of the meaning of youth, the public policies for the young person are presented as contradictory and distant from the specific needs of this population. This study shows the necessity to problematize the meanings of social care for youth and for society, and its effects, particularly regarding the policy for professional apprenticeship, which affects not only its receiver, but also the whole society, since it acts on the fabrication of an identity model and manages the existence of the individuals, aiming at their conformity.(AU)


Este articulo analiza los sentidos atribuidos al joven configurado por la actual política pública brasilera de aprendizaje profesional y cómo operan las tecnologias de gobierno del individuo en la producción de la noción de riesgo social. Es un estudio documental basado en la teoría de lectura Bajtiniana, que analiza los enunciados buscando su desnaturalización. Un conjunto de normativas referidas a esa política fueron analizados como textos e intertextos que producen una red dialógica compleja que evidencia el posicionamiento del Estado en relación al significado de ser aprendiz, el cual involucra la noción de protección social, por lo tanto direccionado al público objeto de la política de asistencia social. El sentido de la identidad del joven considerado en riesgo es el principal objetivo de la política, que reglamenta el trabajo antes de los 18 años identificándolo como aprendiz. El estudio evidencia el caracter normativo y regulador de ese proceso aunque la esfera social sea compleja y requiera una revisión constante. Delante de la naturalización del concepto de juventud constatado, las políticas públicas volcadas hacia el joven se presentan contradictorias y distantes de las demandas específicas de ésta población. Este estudio apunta la necesidad de problematizar los sentidos de la protección social para el joven y la sociedad, también como sus efectos, especialmente en la política de aprendizaje profesional, la cual no afecta solamente su destinatario, sino a toda la sociedad, una vez que actua en la fabricación de un modelo identitario y gesta la existencia de los indivíduos buscando su conformación.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Política Pública , Adolescente , Educação Profissionalizante , Aprendizagem , Serviço Social , Risco
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