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1.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 29(1): 92, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253244

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the medical characteristics of helicopter hoist operations (HHO) in HEMS missions. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study evaluating all HHO and other human external cargo (HEC) missions performed by Swiss Air-Rescue (Rega) between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2019. RESULTS: During the study period, 9,963 (88.7 %) HEMS missions with HHO and HEC were conducted during the day, and 1,265 (11.3 %) at night. Of the victims with time-critical injuries (NACA ≥ 4), 21.1 % (n = 400) reached the hospital within 60 min during the day, and 9.1 % (n = 18) at night. Nighttime missions, a trauma diagnosis, intubation on-site, and NACA Score ≥ 4 were independently and highly significantly associated with longer mission times (p < 0.001). The greatest proportion of patients who needed hoist or HEC operations in the course of the HEMS mission during the daytime sustained moderate injuries (NACA 3, n = 3,731, 37.5 %) while practicing recreational activities (n = 5,492, 55.1 %). In daytime HHO missions, the most common medical interventions performed were insertion of a peripheral intravenous access (n = 3,857, 38.7 %) and administration of analgesia (n = 3,121, 31.3 %). CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 20 % of patients who needed to be evacuated by a hoist were severely injured, and complex and lifesaving medical interventions were necessary before the HHO procedure. Therefore, only adequately trained and experienced medical crew members should accompany HHO missions.


Assuntos
Resgate Aéreo/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Resgate/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aeronaves/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Suíça/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(29)2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253617

RESUMO

We study US sick leave use and unaddressed sick leave needs in the midst of the global severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS COV 2) pandemic based on a representative survey. More than half of all US employees are unaware of the new emergency sick leave options provided by the federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA). Awareness and take-up rates are significantly higher among Asian Americans and lower among the foreign-born. About 8 million employees used emergency sick leave in the first 6 to 8 mo. Nevertheless, the share of employees who needed but could not take paid sick leave tripled in the pandemic; unaddressed sick leave needs total 15 million employees per month and are 69% higher among women. Our findings show that access to paid sick leave significantly reduces unaddressed sick leave needs. We conclude that given the fragmented US sick leave landscape, to address the strong increase in unaddressed sick leave needs during the pandemic, federal FFCRA response was not adequate.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Presenteísmo/estatística & dados numéricos , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Conscientização , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estados Unidos
3.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(6): 752-754, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of two different screening scales used by 120 dispatchers to early identify stroke patients and give telephone guidance for treatment. METHODS: From October 2018 to August 2019, 2 027 stroke and suspect stroke patients who called the Kaifeng 120 Emergency Center were enrolled. The differences in the final positive rate of stroke diagnosis and the incidence of adverse events were compared and analyzed in 1 020 cases using recognition of stroke in the emergency room (ROSIER) and 1 007 cases using facial drooping, arm weakness, speech difficulties and time (FAST) scale scores for telephone guidance. RESULTS: The positive rate of stroke identification in ROSIER score group was higher than that in FAST score group [31.4% (320/1 020) vs. 29.3% (295/1 007)], the false report rate was significantly lower than that in FAST score group [14.9% (152/1 020) vs. 18.8% (189/1 007), P < 0.05], the incidence of adverse events caused by vomiting, falling from bed and convulsions in ROSIER score group were lower than those in FAST score group [0.5% (1/208) vs. 2.2% (4/185), 0% (0/26) vs. 20.0% (2/10), 2.1% (1/48) vs. 10.3% (3/29)], however, the incidence of adverse events caused by falling out of bed was significantly lower (P < 0.05). The incidence of total adverse events in ROSIER score group was significantly lower than that in FAST score group [0.7% (2/305) vs. 3.8% (9/235), P < 0.05]. The time of FAST score group was shorter than that of ROSIER score group (minutes: 1.2±0.2 vs. 2.5±0.3), but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Two different scales can be used to early identify stroke patients and provide timely pre-hospital guidance, thus reduce the incidence of adverse events. Although the ROSIER score takes longer time, the dispatchers guide the patients by phone which does not affect the dispatch time.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Hospitais , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Telefone
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 710, 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary care, the principal function of the health care system, requires effort from all local primary health care teams. Community Paramedicine (CP) has managed to reduce the use of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for non-emergency calls, but for the paramedic to move from traditional emergency calls to non-emergency care will mean new demands. There is a paucity of research exploring nurse-paramedics' experiences and perceptions of their novel roles as community paramedics in Finland. This study aims to explore the community nurse-paramedics' (CNP) experiences in their new sphere of practice. METHODS: A descriptive ethnographic study was conducted, to collect data through participant observation (317 h total) and semi-structured interviews (N = 22) in three hospital districts (HD) where the CNPs have worked for at least 1 year. Both data sets were combined, organised, and analysed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Five main categories were developed by applying inductive content analysis: the new way of thinking, the broad group of patients, the way to provide care, the diversity of multidisciplinary collaboration, and tailored support from the organisation. The CNP was identified as needing an appropriate attitude towards care and a broader way of thinking compared to the traditional practice of taking care of the patient and the family members. The diversity of multidisciplinary collaboration teams can be a sensitive but worthwhile topic for offering new possibilities. Tailored support from the organisation includes tools for future CP models. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate the CNPs' deep involvement in patients' and families' care needs and challenges with their skills and competencies. Their professional attitudes and eagerness to develop and maintain multidisciplinary collaboration can offer preventive and long-term caring solutions from which citizens, allied health, safety, and social care providers benefit locally and globally.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Auxiliares de Emergência , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Finlândia , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde
5.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In modern health systems, emergency services (ES) constitute one of the cornerstones of health care, and they have an essential role in the conception of current health services. The objective of this work was to analyze the effect of sociodemographic characteristics and clinical factors in the use of ES. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with data from the National Health Survey of Spain (2017) in which 23,089 adults (15 years or more) participated. Three population profiles were defined to analyze visits to ES (young people between 15 and 24 years of age; people aged 75 or over and with multiple pathologies; the general population). Descriptive analyses were performed by population profile, and logistic regression models by population profile and type of service (public hospital, public non-hospital emergency center, and private health center) were applied to evaluate the association between the use of ES and the independent variables. RESULTS: The percentage of use of ES was higher in the elderly population with multiple pathologies (41.1%) compared to young people (35.7%) and the general population (28.4%). Young people between 15 and 24 years of age used ES more in private centers, and the associated factors were female sex (OR=2.862; 95% CI=1.139-7.191), the use of diagnostic tests (OR=9.401; 95% CI=3.183-27.760), belonging to the lowest social classes (OR=0.207; 95% CI=0.073-0.585) and residing in municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and capitals (OR=5.985; 95% CI=1.143-31.330). The elderly population with multiple pathologies presented a worse state of health than the other two population groups and with a higher demand for ES in public hospitals. In addition, in the elderly population group, the factors associated with the use of ES in public hospitals were having been hospitalized (OR=2.229; 95% CI=1.333-3.730), belonging to the lowest social classes (social class III: OR=2.794; 95% CI=1.154-6.768/social class IV-V- VI: OR=3.767; 95% CI=2.236-6.344), residing in municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and capitals (OR=1.679; 95% CI=1.042-2.704) and having had at least one visit to the PC doctor (OR=0.603; 95% CI=0.396-0.918). Finally, in the general population the variables associated with increased use of ES in public hospitals were age (OR=1.009; 95% CI=1.001-1.016), the highest number of visits to the PC doctor (OR=1.550; 95% CI=1.180-2.170), the use of diagnostic tests (OR=1.480; 95% CI=1.236-1.773) and belonging to the lowest social classes (social class IV-V-VI: OR=1.581; 95% CI=1.229-2.033). CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics associated with the use of ES, both public and private, as well as hospital and extra-hospital, differ according to socioeconomic characteristics and clinical factors. The results of this study suggest redirecting interventions to improve care outcomes, as well as achieving a more rational use of ES.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Multimorbidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(27): e26569, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232201

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Previous comparison studies regarding 2 types of transportation, helicopter (HEMS) versus ground emergency medical services (GEMS), have shown underlying heterogeneity as these options have completely different routes and consequent times with reference to one patient. To compare the 2 types of transportation on a case-by-case basis, we analyzed the retrospectively reviewed HEMS and predicted GEMS data using an open-source navigation software.Patients transferred by military HEMS from 2016 to 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. The HEMS records on the time of notification, injury point and destination address, and time required were reviewed. The GEMS data on distance and the predicted time required were acquired using open-source social navigation systems. Comparison analyses between the two types of transportation were conducted. Furthermore, linear logistic regression analyses were performed on the distance and time of the two options.A total of 183 patients were enrolled. There was no statistical difference (P = .3021) in the distance between the 2 types of transportation, and the HEMS time was significantly shorter than that of GEMS (61.31 vs 116.92 minutes, P < .001). The simple linear curves for HEMS and GEMS were separately secured, and two graphs presented the statistical significance (P) as well as reasonable goodness-of-fit (R2). In general, the HEMS graph demonstrates a more gradual slope and narrow distribution compared to that of GEMS.Ideally, HEMS is identified as a better transportation modality because it has a shorter transportation time (56 minutes saved) and a low possibility of potential time delays (larger R2). With a strict patient selection, HEMS can rescue injured or emergent patients who are "out of the golden hour."


Assuntos
Resgate Aéreo/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Traumatismo Múltiplo/terapia , Pontuação de Propensão , Software , Transporte de Pacientes/métodos , Transporte de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Traumatismo Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac-arrest (OHCA) is a major public health challenge. Community health care providers (CHP) may play an important role through early identification, basic life support and defibrillation. Few studies have evaluated the incidence and characteristics of OHCAs initially cared for by CHP, most finding improved survival. This study combined CHP treated OHCA case analysis, with assessment of provider resuscitation preparedness. METHODS: An analysis of all CHP initiated resuscitations in a large Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) reported over 42 months, coupled with an online survey assessing CHP resuscitation knowledge, experience, training and self-confidence. RESULTS: 22 resuscitations met inclusion criteria. In 21 CHP initiated chest-compressions but in only 8 cases they utilized the clinic's automated external defibrillator (AED) prior to emergency medical services (EMS) arrival. There were 275 providers surveyed. Of the surveyed providers, 89.4% reported previous basic life support (BLS)/advanced cardiovascular life support (ALS) training, 67.9% within the last three years. Previous resuscitation experience was reported by 72.7%. The lowest scoring knowledge question was on indications for AED application -56.3%. Additionally, 44.4% reported low confidence in their resuscitation skills. CHP with previous cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) experience reported higher confidence. Longer time since last CPR training lowered self-confidence. CONCLUSIONS: Early AED application is crucial for patients with OHCA. All clinics in our study were equipped with AED's and most CHP received training in their use, but remained insecure regarding their use, often failing to do so.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Desfibriladores , Humanos , Israel , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption places a significant burden on emergency services, including ambulance services, which often represent patients' first, and sometimes only, contact with health services. We aimed to (1) improve the assessment of this burden on ambulance services in Scotland using a low-cost and easy to implement algorithm to screen free-text in electronic patient record forms (ePRFs), and (2) present estimates on the burden of alcohol on ambulance callouts in Scotland. METHODS: Two paramedics manually reviewed 5416 ePRFs to make a professional judgement of whether they were alcohol-related, establishing a gold standard for assessing our algorithm performance. They also extracted all words or phrases relating to alcohol. An automatic algorithm to identify alcohol-related callouts using free-text in EPRs was developed using these extracts. RESULTS: Our algorithm had a specificity of 0.941 and a sensitivity of 0.996 in detecting alcohol-related callouts. Applying the algorithm to all callout records in Scotland in 2019, we identified 86,780 (16.2%) as alcohol-related. At weekends, this percentage was 18.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol-related callouts constitute a significant burden on the Scottish Ambulance Service. Our algorithm is significantly more sensitive than previous methods used to identify alcohol-related ambulance callouts. This approach and the resulting data have potential for the evaluation of alcohol policy interventions as well as for conducting wider epidemiological research.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Algoritmos , Ambulâncias , Humanos , Escócia/epidemiologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26634, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260556

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Emergency departments (EDs) are on the frontline of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. To resolve the abrupt overloading of COVID-19-suspected patients in a community, each ED needs to respond in various ways. In our hospital, we increased the isolation beds through temporary remodeling and by performing in-hospital COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction testing rather than outsourcing them. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of our response to the newly developed viral outbreak.The medical records of patients who presented to an ED were analyzed retrospectively. We divided the study period into 3: pre-COVID-19, transition period of response (the period before fully implementing the response measures), and post-response (the period after complete response). We compared the parameters of the National Emergency Department Information System and information about isolation and COVID-19.The number of daily ED patients was 86.8 ±â€Š15.4 in the pre-COVID-19, 36.3 ±â€Š13.6 in the transition period, and 67.2 ±â€Š10.0 in the post-response period (P < .001). The lengths of stay in the ED were significantly higher in transition period than in the other periods [pre-COVID-19 period, 219.0 (121.0-378.0) min; transition period, 301 (150.0-766.5) min; post-response period, 281.0 (114.0-575.0) min; P < .001]. The ratios of use of an isolation room and fever (≥37.5°C) were highest in the post-response period [use of isolation room: pre-COVID-19 period, 0.6 (0.7%); transition period, 1.2 (3.3%); post-response period, 16.1 (24.0%); P < .001; fever: pre-COVID-19 period, 14.8(17.3%); transition period, 6.8 (19.1%); post-response period, 14.5 (21.9%), P < .001].During an outbreak of a novel infectious disease, increasing the number of isolation rooms in the ED and applying a rapid confirmation test would enable the accommodation of more suspected patients, which could help reduce the risk posed to the community and thus prevent strain on the local emergency medical system.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isolamento de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(3): e20201361, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to analyze demographic data, clinical profile and outcomes of patients in emergency services according to Manchester Triage System's priority level. METHODS: a cross-sectional, analytical study, carried out with 3,624 medical records. For statistical analysis, the Chi-Square Test was used. RESULTS: white individuals were more advanced in age. In the red and white categories, there was a higher percentage of men when compared to women (p=0.0018) and higher prevalence of personal history. Yellow priority patients had higher percentage of pain (p<0.0001). Those in red category had a higher frequency of altered vital signs, external causes, and death outcome. There was a higher percentage of exams performed and hospitalization in the orange category. Blue priority patients had a higher percentage of non-specific complaints and dismissal after risk stratification. CONCLUSIONS: a higher percentage of altered vital signs, number of tests performed, hospitalization and death were evidenced in Manchester protocol's high priority categories.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Triagem , Estudos Transversais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino
11.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 27(4): 427-433, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the outcomes of patients transported by Helicopter Emergency Medical Services in East Azerbaijan Province. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on patients transported by the HEMS centre of Tabriz from August 2014 to March 2017. Records of the centre were used to collect data. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software version 20; the statistical significance level was considered below 0.05. RESULTS: In this study, 268 patients were transferred to Tabriz hospitals by 167 missions performed. The mean age of patients was 34.26±19.43, and 173 (65%) patients were male. The most common reason for call-out was the need for professional care (91.4%). The target of the majority of missions was on countryside routes. The mean distance of destinations was about 99.13±35.9 Kms, with a mean transference time of 54.68±14.17 minutes, while the mean estimated ground route time was 86.38±26.26 minutes. The most prevalent diagnosis was trauma; The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and vital signs of the majority of patients were above 13 and stable, respectively. About 98 percent of patients received fluid therapy, and 71 percent were immobilized, and only 6 percent needed intubation. Also, 28 percent of patients needed Intensive Care Unit (ICU), 56 percent of whom passed away later. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Tabriz HEMS missions have reduced the patient transport time and also made the mortality rate closer to international standards.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Azerbaijão/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Emerg Manag ; 19(3): 245-251, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195978

RESUMO

Disasters typically do not abide by logical or standard rules and can be of any size or variety. But what is a disaster? How does time factor into dealing with the disaster? When will help arrive? How long will it take to recover? Why can everything not be fixed immediately? Television shows since the 1970s were instrumental in elevating public awareness of emergency service capabilities but also created a false expectation of expediency and un-implied over-exaggeration in capabilities. The speed of information from 21st century technology has created an immediacy of results expectation. People now expect the lights to come on when the switch is turned on and get impatient when that does not happen. This light switch fallacy is the expectation of what should occur in the rescue and recovery after a disaster. But the light switch cannot just be turned on, everything is solved, and life goes back to normal.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Desastres , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(6): 2281-2290, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231738

RESUMO

The increase in the demand for Emergency Services is a worldwide phenomenon, and its inappropriate use is one of the main problems. Factors related to the inappropriate use must be investigated to guide improvement in the quality of services. This article aims at analyzing factors associated with the inappropriate use of emergency services. This is a cross-sectional study with secondary data from 384 medical records from two emergency services in a city in central-southern region of the state of Paraná, Brazil, in 2013. A descriptive, bivariate using Pearson's chi-squared test was performed to verify associations between inappropriate use and independent variables. Multiple Logistic Regression was also performed. The proportion of inappropriate use of Emergency Services was 73.4% and was associated with people with some primary health care sensitive conditions, residents in areas without primary care coverage, people between 0 and 11 years old, and 12 to 17 years old, care in the first trimester of the year, respiratory diseases, lesions and poisonings and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Primary care must be strengthened to reduce the inappropriate use of care, especially in the attention to primary health care sensitive conditions and to increase the socio-organizational accessibility.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Atenção Primária à Saúde
14.
Int Marit Health ; 72(2): 99-109, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2014, the number of migrants and refugees crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe has risen significantly due to various reasons. Both state agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have launched rescue missions in the Central Mediterranean in accordance with international legal obligations for search and rescue (SAR) operations for those under distress at sea. Our aim is to summarise the specific qualifications needed for maritime SAR in the Mediterranean both in terms of the population at risk, the equipment and the medical support required, especially during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the operational legal framework. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article aims to summarise the key points of SAR efforts from a medical perspective as depicted in the relevant literature during a specific timeline period (2014-2020) in a specific part of the Mediterranean Sea (Central Mediterranean route). Only papers published in English and whose full text was available were included in this study. The inclusion criteria were: a) articles referring to sea rescue operations between 2014 and 2020, b) research that focused on medical preparedness and assistance during rescue operations in the Central Mediterranean route, c) studies concerning demographic and clinical features of the rescue population, d) guidelines on the rule of conduct of persons and states participating in rescue activities. The exclusion criteria were: a) studies describing SAR operations in different regions of the world and b) studies focusing on routes, demographics and medical support of migrants/refugees on land. RESULTS: Three major themes were identified: a) characteristics of the population in distress at sea: country of origin, age groups, presence of communicable and non-communicable diseases were identified in the relevant literature. Our research shows that dermatological and respiratory issues were the major concerns among sea migrants, coming from different countries of both Africa and Asia, being relatively young and mostly males; b) medical preparedness and equipment needed for rescue: according to current guidelines, revised during the COVID-19 pandemic, infrastructure needed during SAR operations includes both equipment for resuscitation, personal protective equipment, deck adjustments, medical personnel trained to function in an austere setting and able to handle vulnerable patient groups such as children and pregnant women; c) medico-legal implications of SAR operations: knowledge of the legal framework encompassing SAR operations seems necessary, as European Union and state led initiatives seem to withdraw from proactive SAR, while criminalising NGO led rescue efforts. Operating with the imperative to save lives seems to be the only way of respecting international law and human values, thus, a summary of what the law dictates was made in an effort to keep medical workers participating in such operations updated. CONCLUSIONS: Investigation aims to shed light on the special clinical features of sea migrants, the skills, equipment and organizational structure needed by medical workers participating in SAR operations as well as the legal framework under which they will be asked to operate. Special consideration will be given to the difficulties that emerged due to the COVD-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos , Socorro em Desastres/organização & administração , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mar Mediterrâneo , Medidas de Segurança/organização & administração , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 29(1): 99, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In chemical incidents, infrequent but potentially disastrous, the World Health Organization calls for inter-organizational coordination of actors involved. Multi-organizational studies of chemical response capacities are scarce. We aimed to describe chemical incident experiences and perceptions of Swedish fire and rescue services, emergency medical services, police services, and emergency dispatch services personnel. METHODS: Eight emergency service organizations in two distinct and dissimilar regions in Sweden participated in one organization-specific focus group interview each. The total number of respondents was 25 (7 females and 18 males). A qualitative inductive content analysis was performed. RESULTS: Three types of information processing were derived as emerging during acute-phase chemical incident mobilization: Unspecified (a caller communicating with an emergency medical dispatcher), specified (each emergency service obtaining organization-specific expert information), and aligned (continually updated information from the scene condensed and disseminated back to all parties at the scene). Improvable shortcomings were identified, e.g. randomness (unspecified information processing), inter-organizational reticence (specified information processing), and downprioritizing central information transmission while saving lives (aligned information processing). CONCLUSIONS: The flow of information may be improved by automation, public education, revised dispatcher education, and use of technical resources in the field. Future studies should independently assess these mechanism's degree of impact on mobilisation of emergency services in chemical incidents.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Resíduos Químicos , Operador de Emergência Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Desastres , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Polícia , Suécia/epidemiologia
16.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 29(1): 95, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of knowledge how patients with COVID-19 disease differ from patients with similar signs or symptoms (but who will have a diagnosis other than COVID-19) in the prehospital setting. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of these two patient groups met by the emergency medical services. METHODS: All prehospital patients after the World Health Organisation (WHO) pandemic declaration 11.3.2020 until 30.6.2020 were recruited for the study. The patients were screened using modified WHO criteria for suspected COVID-19. Data from the electronic prehospital patient reporting system were linked with hospital laboratory results to check the laboratory confirmation for COVID-19. For comparison, we divided the patients into two groups: screening- and laboratory-positive patients with a hospital diagnosis of COVID-19 and screening-positive but laboratory-negative patients who eventually received a different diagnosis in hospital. RESULTS: A total of 4157 prehospital patients fulfilled the criteria for suspected COVID-19 infection during the study period. Five-hundred-thirty-six (12.9%) of the suspected cases received a laboratory confirmation for COVID-19. The proportion of positive cases in relation to suspected ones peaked during the first 2 weeks after the declaration of the pandemic. In the comparison of laboratory-positive and laboratory-negative cases, there were clinically insignificant differences between the groups in age, tympanic temperature, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, on-scene time, urgency category of the call and mode of transportation. Foreign-language-speakers were overrepresented amongst the positive cases over native language speakers (26,6% vs. 7,4%, p < 0,001). The number of cases in which no signs or symptoms of COVID-19 disease were reported, but patients turned out to have a positive test result was 125 (0,3% of the whole EMS patient population and 11,9% of all verified COVID-19 patients encountered by the EMS). CONCLUSIONS: In a sample of suspected COVID-19 patients, the laboratory-positive and laboratory-negative patients were clinically indistinguishable from each other during the prehospital assessment. Foreign-language-speakers had a high likelihood of having Covid-19. The modified WHO criteria still form the basis of screening of suspected COVID-19 patients in the prehospital setting.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea , Temperatura Corporal , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole
17.
Más Vita ; 3(2): 15-22, jun 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1253889

RESUMO

La Atención Prehospitalaria (APH) es uno de los pilares fundamentales de los Sistemas de Emergencias Médicas que intenta brindar la mejor asistencia, en el menor tiempo y al menor costo. Para eso requiere componentes principales como recursos humanos y recursos físicos. Objetivo: Determinar si las competencias profesionales del personal del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social (IESS) de la Ciudad de Guayaquil responden al Servicio de Atención Prehospitalaria de acuerdo con los perfiles legales de contratación. Materiales y métodos: La investigación es de enfoque cuantitativo, de diseño observacional, prospectivo y de corte transversal. El tipo de estudio es descriptivo; gracias a que permitió recoger información y medir de manera individual o grupal la variable estudiada. La población de este estudio se constituyó por los profesionales con cargo de paramédicos del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social de la Ciudad de Guayaquil, los cuales son un total de 32 profesionales. Resultados: Una vez obtenido los datos se reflejó que, el 56,3% de los profesionales son de sexo femenino. Con respecto al título de los profesionales registrado en el Senescyt, solo el 56,3% lo posee de manera incompleto. El 56,3% de los profesionales tienen el puesto de paramédico 1. El 81,3% cumple con su tiempo de experiencia en el trabajo equivalente. En el aseguramiento de la escena el 46,9% cumple lo requerido. Los procedimientos en la atención Prehospitalaria del IESS es uno de los puntos de suma importancia en este estudio, ya que se identificó que el 65,6% cumple de manera parcial este procedimiento de atención. Conclusión: En la revisión de las competencias deducimos que no todo el personal fue contratado de acuerdo al perfil de contratación emitido por el MDT. Se Pudo observar una clara diferencia entre los perfiles de contratación entre paramédico 1 al paramédico 5, lo cuales tienen diferentes tipos de relevancia, lo que nos demuestra que hay una falta de formación a todos los niveles(AU)


Prehospital Care (PHC) is one of the fundamental pillars of Emergency Medical Systems that attempts to provide the best assistance, in the shortest time and at the lowest cost. For this purpose, it requires main components such as human resources and physical resources. Objective: To determine if the professional competencies of the personnel of the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security (IESS) in the city of Guayaquil respond to the Prehospital Care Service in accordance with the legal hiring profiles. Materials and methods: The research has a quantitative approach, observational, prospective and cross-sectional design. The type of study is descriptive, since it allowed the collection of information and the individual or group measurement of the studied variable. The population of this study consisted of 32 professionals working as paramedics at the Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security in the city of Guayaquil. The results: Once the data were obtained, 56.3% of the professionals were female. With respect to the degree of the professionals registered in Senescyt, only 56.3% of them have incomplete degrees. For the professionals, 56.3% have the position of paramedic 1. 81.3% have the equivalent amount of work experience. In securing the scene, 46.9% meet the requirements. Pre-hospital care procedures at the IESS is one of the most important points in this study, since 65.6% of the patients were found to be partially compliant with these care procedures. Conclusion: In the review of competencies, we deduced that not all personnel were hired according to the hiring profile issued by the MDT. We could observe a clear difference between the hiring profiles between paramedic 1 to paramedic 5, which have different types of relevance, which shows that there is a lack of training at all levels(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Competência Profissional , Pessoal de Saúde , Assistência Pré-Hospitalar/ética , Assistência Hospitalar , Descrição de Cargo , Bioética , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente
18.
CMAJ Open ; 9(2): E592-E601, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in unique pressures on the emergency services system. This study describes changes in the presentation, presenting severity and disposition of patients accessing emergency services in Calgary, Alberta, during the first wave of the pandemic. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we constructed a population cohort of all patients who accessed emergency services by calling emergency medical services (EMS) (ambulance service that provides prehospital treatment and transport to medical facilities) or presenting directly to an emergency department (4 adult and 1 pediatric) or 2 urgent care centres in Calgary during the exposure period (December 2019 to June 2020) compared to 2 historical control periods (December to June, 2017-2018 and 2018-2019) combined. Outcomes included frequency of presentation, system flow indicators, patient severity, disposition and mortality. We used a locally estimated scatterplot smoothing function to visualize trends. We described differences at the maximum and minimum point of the exposure period compared to the control period. RESULTS: A total of 1 127 014 patient encounters were included. Compared to the control period, there was a 61% increase in the number of patients accessing EMS and a 35% decrease in the number of those presenting to an adult emergency department or urgent care centre in the COVID-19 period. The proportion of EMS calls for the highest-priority patients remained stable, whereas the proportion of patients presenting to an emergency department or urgent care centre with the highest-priority triage classification increased transiently by 0.9 percentage points (increase of 89%). A smaller proportion of patients were transported by EMS (decrease of 21%), and a greater proportion of emergency department patients were admitted to hospital (increase of 25%). After the first case was reported, the mortality rate among EMS patients increased by 265% (3.4 v. 12.4 per 1000 patient encounters). INTERPRETATION: The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with substantial changes in the frequency and disposition of patients accessing emergency services. Further research examining the mechanism of these observations is important for mitigating the impact of future pandemics.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/tendências , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Alberta , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
19.
Medwave ; 21(4): e8192, 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34086668

RESUMO

Introduction: On March 19, 2020, a mandatory lockdown was imposed in Argentina due to the global pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. Objectives: To explore the elderlys healthcare experiences during the lockdown and the problems that may have arisen regarding accessibility to the healthcare system and emerging adaptations to medical care. Methods: We coded the data using Atlas.ti 8 software and then triangled the analysis among researchers from different backgrounds. Finally, concept maps were developed and themes arising from these were described. Results: Thirty-nine participants were interviewed from the metropolitan area in Buenos Aires from April to July of 2020. The main emerging themes were: 1) access to regularly scheduled consults, 2) access to chronic medication, 3) emergency consultations, and 4) the role of information and communication technologies. Accessibility to the healthcare system was compromised due to reduced outpatient consultations, affecting health checkups, diagnosis, and treatment. However, participants tried to keep their immunizations up to date. Information and communication technologies were used to fill digital prescriptions and online medical consultations. While this was a solution to many, others did not have access to these technologies or had trouble using them. Conclusions: The global pandemic caused a reduction in outpatient medical consultations. Emerging needs originated new ways of carrying out medical consultations, mainly through information and communication technologies, which was a solution for many but led to the exclusion of others because of the preexisting technology gap.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Quarentena , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial , Agendamento de Consultas , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Prescrição Eletrônica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Tecnologia da Informação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Preparações Farmacêuticas/provisão & distribuição , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Telemedicina , Vacinação
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 562, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a disparity in outcomes between rural and urban emergency medical services (EMS) around the world. However, there is a scarcity of research that directly asks EMS staff in both rural and urban areas how service delivery could be improved. The aim of the present study is to gain insights from frontline workers regarding organisational factors that may underpin discrepancies between rural and urban EMS performance. SUBJECT AND METHODS: The study was undertaken in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia. Potential participants were currently employed by Saudi Red Crescent EMS as either a technician, paramedic or an EMS station manager, and had a minimum of five years experience with the EMS. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken between October 2019 and July 2020 with first respondents to a call for participants, and continued until data saturation was reached. All interviews were conducted in Arabic and transcribed verbatim. The Arabic transcript was shared with each participant, and they were asked to confirm their agreement with the transcription. The transcribed interviews were then translated into English; the English versions were shared with bi-lingual participants for validation, while independent certification of the translations were performed for data from participants not fluent in English. A thematic analysis methodological approach was used to examine the data. RESULTS: The final sample involved 20 participants (10 rural, 10 urban) from Saudi Red Crescent EMS. Data analyses identified key organisational factors that resulted in barriers and impediments for EMS staff. Differences and similarities were observed between rural and urban respondents, with identified issues including response and transportation time, service coordination, reason for call-out, as well as human and physical resourcing. CONCLUSION: The findings identified key issues impacting on EMS performance across both rural and urban areas. In order to address these problems, three changes are recommended. These recommendations include a comprehensive review of rural EMS vehicles, with a particular focus on the age; incentives to improve the numbers of paramedics in rural areas and more localised specialist training opportunities for rurally-based personnel; and the implementation of national public education program focusing on the role of the EMS.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Auxiliares de Emergência , Certificação , Humanos , População Rural , Arábia Saudita
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