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1.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200076, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the factorial validity and reliability of the Primary Care Assessment Tool adapted to Oral Health, adult patient version, an instrument used to verify the presence and extent of attributes in Primary Health Care services. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study using conglomerate random sample carried out in Primary Health Care Dental services in Porto Alegre between 2011 and 2013. We interviewed 407 adult patients who used Primary Health Care Dental services. Construct validity was tested through factorial validity and reliability of the Primary Care Assessment Tool, that comprises 81 items distributed throughout Primary Health Care attributes. Equamax orthogonal rotation method was used in the factorial analysis; and, in order to assess reliability of each component, we used the item-total correlation and the ratio of success of the scale. RESULTS: In the factorial analysis, 10 factors were retained, explaining 53.3% of the total variation. This result demonstrates the multidimensional structure of the instrument. The reliability assessment showed Cronbach's alpha values ranging from 0.39 to 0.89. For the success of the scale most of the results (eight of nine attributes) were greater than 85%. CONCLUSIONS: The instrument is valid for the assessment of oral health services in Primary Health Care from the perspective of adult patients, as well as for monitoring and evaluation of oral health services in Primary Health Care attributes and comparative studies.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S113-S117, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515391

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has rendered the world completely unaware and off-balance. Most of the countries of the world are in a lockdown of varying severity to break the chain of transmission. Many non-essential healthcare practices have been shut down to impose social distancing against a population whose slogan has been freedom of movement. Several healthcare providers have also been caught off guard. Many are not well-versed in the use of transmission-based safeguards, and the dental community, is no different. In this article, we identify the challenges faced by the oral and dental care providers, whose procedures generate a significant amount of aerosol, which can be a significant source of disease transmission within the community. It further describes the dynamics of aerosol spread and various strategies to minimise aerosol generation. Guidelines for the delivery of emergency dental treatment are formulated based on different guidelines from various international dental associations and organisations.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414126

RESUMO

The aim of this pilot study was to describe the advantages of telemedicine (TM) in dental practice during the current national emergency condition due to the Covid-19 dissemination. At Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology-Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, regional reference center for Covid-19-two groups of patients were determined: patients with urgent conditions (group U) and patients in follow-up (group F). Both groups were instructed to implement remote consultations using a messaging service (WhatsApp Messenger, WhatsApp Inc., Mountain View, California, USA) to send photos. A total of 418 photos were collected by 57 patients. Thirty-four photos were obtained by five patients in the U group after surgical procedures. All patients sent photos on the established evening, except for two patients who sent two photos outside the set days. In the F group, 384 photos were collected by 52 patients. None of them sent more photos than the number that was established by the protocol. Telemedicine allowed a monitoring of all patients, reducing costs and limiting human contact, decreasing the risk of Covid-19 dissemination.


Assuntos
Odontologia Comunitária , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Consulta Remota , Telemedicina , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Clínicas Odontológicas , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/organização & administração , Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicativos Móveis , Projetos Piloto , Odontologia em Saúde Pública , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adulto Jovem
5.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 245(11): 940-944, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436748

RESUMO

IMPACT STATEMENT: Dentists have always been taught how to protect themselves and their patients from potential blood-borne pathogens, but the Coronavirus pandemic has brought a new unprecedented challenge to the world of dentistry; we therefore reviewed the literature to provide suggestions on how to accordingly change dental practice prevention.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Odontologia/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Assistentes de Odontologia , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Higienistas Dentários , Odontólogos , Humanos , Triagem/métodos
6.
Epidemiol Health ; 42: e2020023, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the associations between chronic conditions (CCs) and oral health services utilization (OHSU) within the previous 6 months in older Peruvian adults (defined as those 60 years of age or more according to Peruvian law). METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study was performed based on the 2015-2017 Peruvian Demographic and Family Health Survey. Pooled data from 13,699 older adults were analyzed. A logistic regression model was used to analyze the associations between OHSU (dependent variable) and CCs (independent variables). Tobacco consumption, obesity, educational level, age, sex, welfare quintile, area of residence, having health insurance, and natural region of residence were included as covariates in the analysis. RESULTS: The frequency of OHSU in older adults was 18.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17.8 to 19.3). The highest percentage point (%p) differences with regards to OHSU were found between the extreme categories of educational level (higher education vs. none or elementary school: +24.8%p) and welfare quintile (richest vs. poorest: +24.0%p). In the crude model, OHSU was associated with diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 1.46; 95% CI, 1.26 to 1.69), but this association disappeared after adjustment for covariates. Meanwhile, depression decreased the likelihood of OHSU (OR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.95) in the adjusted model. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of OHSU was low in older Peruvian adults. Regarding CCs, we found that depression independently decreased the likelihood of OHSU in the adjusted model. Our results may be useful for the development of policies aimed at achieving greater OHSU in older adults with CCs, especially in those with depression.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru/epidemiologia
7.
Br Dent J ; 228(5): 341, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170246
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e011, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130361

RESUMO

Telehealth has been applied in the Unified Health System (SUS) as a tool for qualifying professionals and improving the healthcare provided to the population served by the system. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of teleconsultations on the qualifications of the clinical approach of the oral health teams involved in primary health care (PHC) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul under the Telehealth Brazil Networks Programme. The sample population of the study was composed of 285 dentists and 132 oral health assistants belonging to the Family Health Teams. A chi-square test was used to investigate possible associations between the absolute number of teleconsultations performed and several independent variables, namely, gender, age, dental specialty, time since graduation, time working in the Family Health Strategy (FHS), employment status, type of training institution, familiarity with information technology, and work satisfaction at the health facility. The level of significance was p < 0.05. Use of the oral health teleconsultation service led to a reduction of more than 45% in the number of referrals to other levels of care. However, no significant association was found between the number of teleconsultations and the independent variables analysed. The use of teleconsultations proved to be a powerful tool for professional training, for increasing the effectiveness of PHC, and for improving the oral healthcare provided.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/normas , Recursos Humanos em Odontologia/educação , Odontólogos/educação , Educação a Distância/métodos , Educação a Distância/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Valores de Referência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(2): e00004219, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022170

RESUMO

The objective was to compare the presence and extension of primary health care (PHC) in oral health services using the PHC attributes according to three different types of PHC organizational arrangements: Family Health Strategy (FHS), Community Health Service (CHS) and Traditional Primary Care (TPC). This is a cross-sectional study carried out between 2011-2013, following a cluster random sampling strategy. Adult users were interviewed from 15 health services of that 6 were managed by the CHS, 4 by the FHS and 5 by the TPC and which had the same oral health team for at least two years. The final sample was 407 users interviewed using the Primary Care Assessment Tool - Oral Health of Adults evaluation instrument and a sociodemographic questionnaire. PHC scores were calculated and transformed on a scale ranging from 0 to 10. For high scores, the cut-off point > 5.5 was used. Most of the interviewees were females, for the three types of services. The performance of CHS and FHS was higher than those of TPC in almost all attributes (p < 0.05). The extent of PHC attributes in services was poor (overall highest score was 5.75 in CHS). The CHS was the only service witch half of the users (83; 49.1%) rated oral health services as having a high overall score for PHC. It is concluded that there were differences among the organizational arrangements of PHC oral health services, however, there is much to be improved in the orientation of dental care services for PHC. More studies are necessary to evaluate the differences in PHC services considering oral health.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Estudos Transversais , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal
10.
Int Dent J ; 70(3): 183-192, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study used Andersen's predisposing, enabling and need behavioural model to predict factors that influence utilisation of oral health services for children in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The model was tested in a random sample of parents of third- and eighth-grade children in Jeddah (n = 1,668) using the access to care questionnaire adapted from the Basic Screening Survey. Predisposing (sex, parent education, nationality); enabling (school type, family income, government financial support, health insurance); and need for dental care (examined or perceived) were modelled to assess children's use of dental services. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were conducted. Significant findings were reported at P ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: About 84% of parents responded to our questionnaire (n = 1,397). One in four children have never visited a dentist. Our findings indicate that need and predisposing factors explained oral health services' use among younger children, whereas need, predisposing and enabling factors predicted use of services among older children. Perceived barriers to dental care for children who never went to a dentist and for those who needed dental care and could not get it included oral health illiteracy (82.3%, 49.7%), dentist-related (19.9%, 42.1%), financial (22.8%, 37.1%) and transportation (9.8%, 20.8%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The need for dental care, predominantly for illness-related dental care, drives utilisation of dental health services among children in Saudi Arabia. Enhancing oral health literacy and mitigating organisational and financial barriers to dental care for families will increase children's access to quality oral healthcare, and promote better oral health practices and outcomes.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Criança , Humanos , Renda , Saúde Bucal , Arábia Saudita
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e124, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994597

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the association of demographic conditions, socioeconomic status, clinical variables, and psychosocial factors with the number of filled teeth in adolescents from public schools. This cohort study comprised 1,134 12-year-old adolescents enrolled in public schools in Santa Maria, Brazil, in 2012. They were followed-up in 2014, where 743 individuals were reassessed (follow-up rate of 65.52%) for the number of filled teeth. Data were collected via dental examinations and structured interviews. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected from parents or legal guardians. The psychosocial factor comprised students' subjective measurement of happiness (Brazilian version of the Subjective Happiness Scale - SHS). Dental examinations were performed to assess the number of filled teeth through decay, missing, and filled teeth index (DMF-T). Unadjusted and adjusted Poisson regression analyses were performed to assess the association between baseline variables and filled teeth at follow-up. The number of filled teeth in 2012 and 2014 were 193 (17.02%) and 235 (31.63%), respectively. The incidence of filled teeth in 2014 was 42 (5.65%). Adolescents with untreated dental caries, those who visited the dentist in the last 6 months, those that exhibited being happier, and those who had filled teeth at baseline were associated with a higher number of filled teeth at follow-up. We conclude that the number of filled teeth in adolescents was influenced by clinical and psychosocial factors, emphasizing the need to focus on oral health policies in individuals with higher disease burden and those who feel psychologically inferior.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/estatística & dados numéricos , Setor Público/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/psicologia , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/psicologia
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 192-204, 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1100328

RESUMO

Introdução:Os projetos de extensão universitáriaapresentam grande importância para os estudantes e para a sociedadecomo um todo, uma vez que possibilitamuma reflexão crítica nos indivíduos, a fim de integrar os conhecimentos acadêmicos à sociedade.O projeto Formando Sorrisosda Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte(UFRN), promove atendimento odontológico aos estudantes da instituição que sejam caracterizados como vulneráveis socioeconomicamente; durante as atividades os pacientes são constantemente instruídos sobre cuidados orais e incentivados a levar as práticas às suas residências, configurando-se um vetor inicial para prevenção de agravos orais.Objetivo:Relatar a contribuição do projeto na formação do estudante de Odontologia.Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo descritivo do tipo relato de experiência com base na rotina clínica dos alunos de odontologia do segundo ao décimoperíodo de um projeto de extensão daUFRN. Os dados se referem ao período de 2018 a 2019, avaliando desde a recepção dos pacientes até a finalização de seus tratamentos odontológicos.Resultados:A experiência nas diferentes atividades doprojeto possibilitaaosestudantesum olhar mais integraldo paciente. A vivência clínica desde cedo na graduação auxiliaao aluno um maior entendimento sobre a Odontologia, motivando-oem relação ao curso, facilitando o aprendizado e contribuindo para a formação profissional.Conclusões:As atividades desenvolvidas pelo projeto contribuempara a formação acadêmica do estudante de Odontologiae proporciona aos estudantes universitários atendimento odontológico de qualidade e em horários flexíveis (AU).


Introduction:University extension projects are of great importance for students and society as a whole since they allow critical reflection on individuals, to integrate academic knowledge into society. The Formando Sorrisos project of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) promotes dental care to the institution's students who are characterized as socioeconomically vulnerable; during activities, patients are constantly instructed about oral care and encouraged to take the practices to their homes, setting up an initial vector for preventing oral diseases.Objective:To report the project's contribution to the training of dentistry students.Methodology:This is a descriptive study of the type of experience report based on the clinical routine of dentistry students from the second to the tenth period of an extension project at UFRN. The data refer to the period from 2018 to 2019, evaluating from the reception of patients to the completion of their dental treatments. Results:Experience in the different activities of the project allows students to have a more comprehensive view of the patient. The clinical experience from an early stage in graduation helps students to gain a better understanding of Dentistry, motivating them concerning the course, facilitating learning, and contributing to professional training.Conclusions:The activities developed by the project contribute to the academic education of dentistry students and provide university students with quality dental care and flexible hours (AU).


Introducción: Los proyectos de extensión universitaria son de gran importancia para los estudiantes y para la sociedad en general, ya que permiten la reflexión crítica sobre las personas, para integrar el conocimiento académico en la sociedad. El proyecto Formando Sorrisos de la Universidad Federal de Río Grande del Norte(UFRN), promueve la atención dental a los estudiantes de la institución que se caracterizan por ser socioeconómicamente vulnerables; Durante las actividades, los pacientes reciben constantemente instrucciones sobre el cuidado bucal y se les alienta a llevar las prácticas a sus hogares, estableciendo un vector inicial para laprevención de enfermedades orales.Objetivo: Informar la contribución del proyecto a la formación de estudiantes de odontología. Metodología: Este es un estudio descriptivo del tipo de informe de experiencia basado en la rutina clínica de los estudiantes de odontología del segundo al décimo período de un proyecto de extensión en la UFRN. Los datos se refieren al período de 2018 a 2019, evaluando desde la recepción de pacientes hasta la finalización de sus tratamientos dentales.Resultados: La experiencia en las diferentes actividades del proyecto permite a los estudiantes tener una visión más completa del paciente. La experiencia clínica desde una etapa temprana de la graduación ayuda a los estudiantes a comprender mejor la odontología, motivándolos en relación con el curso, facilitando el aprendizaje y contribuyendo a la formación profesional.Conclusiones: Las actividades desarrolladas por el proyecto contribuyen a la educación académica de los estudiantes de odontología y brindan a los estudiantes universitarios atención dental de calidad y horarios flexibles (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Educação em Odontologia , Escovação Dentária/métodos , Brasil , Epidemiologia Descritiva
13.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-10, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1087815

RESUMO

Objetivo:Este estudo avaliou o acesso aos serviços odontológicos em áreas cobertas pela Estratégia Saúde da Família em Campina Grande, Paraíba, comparando as séries temporais dos anos de 2009 e 2014. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo quantitativo, analítico, com desenho do tipo transversal, de base populacional, do seguimento de dois estudos, com dados primários coletados prospectivamente, longitudinal ou de seguimento. O estudo teve como variável dependente o acesso a saúde bucal, e no grupo de variáveis independentes encontram-se os fatores sociodemográficos. A análise dos dados foi realizada através do SPSS 18.0, em duas etapas: uma descritiva e outra analítica. Na primeira foram feitas as distribuições de frequência das variáveis quantitativas, na segunda foram testadas as associações, utilizando-se o teste qui quadrado de Pearson. Para todas as análises foi considerado significante o nível de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: Os fatores sociodemográficos associados ao acesso no estudo de 2009 foram: idade, estado civil, renda do respondente e escolaridade. Em 2014, além desses, esteve associada a renda familiar. Conclusão: Constata-se que o acesso aos serviços odontológicos não ocorre de forma igualitária, não sendo a população de baixa renda a que mais se beneficia, indicando, pois, uma lacuna na equidade do acesso.


Aim:This study evaluated the access to dental services in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy in Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, comparing the time series of the years 2009 and 2014. Methods: This was a quantitative, analytical study with a population-based cross-sectional design, following two studies, with prospectively collected, longitudinal, or follow-up primary data. The study had access to oral health as the dependent variable, and socio-demographic factors in the group of independent variables. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18.0, in two steps: one descriptive and one analytical. In the first, frequency distributions of quantitative variables were made, while in the second, associations were tested using Pearson's chi-square. For all analyzes, a level of 5% (p <0.05) was considered significant. Results: The socio-demographic factors associated with access in the 2009 study were: age, marital status, respondent income, and education. In 2014, besides these, the study was associated with family income. Conclusion: It appears that access does not occur equally, and it is not the low-income population that benefits most, thus indicating a gap in equity of access.


Assuntos
Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Assistência Odontológica , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Estudos Transversais
14.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-9, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1103254

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever os principais procedimentos de saúde bucal recebidos pelas gestantes, além de identificar os fatores associados à procura da gestante ao serviço odontológico durante o pré-natal. Métodos: Estudo transversal, que entrevistou 742 puérperas em sete maternidades da microrregião de São Mateus-ES, 2012/2013. Realizou-se análise descritiva dos procedimentos odontológicos recebidos durante o pré-natal e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta para obter os fatores associados à procura da gestante ao dentista durante o pré-natal. Resultados: Apenas 33,6% das mulheres receberam assistência odontológica durante o pré-natal. Destas, 44,2% tiveram acesso à consulta de revisão e 61,4% profilaxia feita pelo dentista. Receber atendimento odontológico durante o pré-natal esteve associado com anos de estudo crescente (RP = 1,18; IC95% 1,07-1,31), ser atendida na Estratégia de Saúde da Família quando comparada ao Programa de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (RP = 1,96; IC95% 1,31-2,92), número de consultas pré-natal crescente (RP = 1,23; IC95% 1,10-1,37) e ter impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida (RP = 1,39; IC95% 1,02-1,37). Conclusão:A assistência à saúde bucal durante a gestação persiste negligenciada, principalmente para as gestantes mais vulneráveis (menor escolaridade, poucas consultas pré-natal, atendidas por uma equipe de saúde mais simples durante o pré-natal). Logo, há necessidade de ampliação do atendimento odontológico, assim como busca ativa das gestantes vulneráveis.


Aim:This study was to describe the oral health procedures and to identify factors associated with the visit of pregnant woman to the dental service during prenatal care. Methods: This work was a cross-sectional study, which interviewed 742 postpartum women in seven maternity hospitals in the Microrregion of São Mateus, ES, Brazil, in 2012 and 2013. A descriptive analysis of the dental procedures received during the prenatal period and multiple logistic regression were performed to obtain the factors associated with the pregnant woman seeking dental care during prenatal care.Results:Only 33.6% of the women received dental care during prenatal care. Of these, 44.2% had access to the follow-up dentist's appointment and 61.4% prophylaxis by the dentist. Receiving dental care during prenatal care was associated with years of study (RP = 1.18; 95%CI 1.07-1.31), type of coverage of basic care (RP = 1.96; 95%CI 1.31-2.92), number of prenatal consultations (RP = 1.23; 95%CI 1.10-1.37), and impact of oral health on quality of life (RP = 1.39; 95%CI 1.02-1.37). Conclusion:Oral health care during pregnancy continues to be neglected, mainly for the most vulnerable pregnant women (low levels of education, few prenatal consultations, care provided by a simpler health team during prenatal care). Therefore, there is a need to expand dental care services, as well as an active seeking of dental care by vulnerable pregnant women.


Assuntos
Cuidado Pré-Natal , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Assistência Odontológica , Impactos na Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Gestantes , Saúde Bucal
15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(1): 365-374, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859883

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with public dental care use by adults in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of adults aged 35 to 44 years using data from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of the Oral Health Status of the Population of the State of São Paulo (SBSP-2015). Multivariate logistic regression was performed using variables based on a model proposed by Andersen for predicting access to public dental services. Results: 3,421 (59.9%) adults visited private services and 2,288 (40.1%) visited public services. Prevalence of the use of public dental services was greatest among women (41.8%) and adults with a lower education level (50.2%). Being non-white (OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.16, 1.50), lower household income (OR = 2.37, 95% CI: 2.11, 2.65), having had toothache (OR = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.39, 1.83), and need for endodontic treatment (OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.12, 1.85) were associated with public dental service use. Predisposing, enabling, and need factors were associated with public dental care use.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 985, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data from countries that have implemented a complete phase out of dental amalgam following the Minamata agreement suggest increased costs and time related to the placement of alternatives with consumers absorbing the additional costs. This aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a complete phase out of dental amalgam on oral health inequalities in particular for countries dependent on state run oral health services. METHODS: A mixed methods component design quantitative and qualitative study in the United Kingdom. The quantitative study involved acquisition and analysis of datasets from NHS Scotland to compare trends in placement of dental amalgam and a survey of GDPs in Yorkshire, UK. The qualitative study involved analysis of the free text of the survey and a supplementary secondary analysis of semi-structured interviews and focus groups with GDPs (private and NHS), dental school teaching leads and NHS dental commissioners to understand the impact of amalgam phase down on oral health inequalities. RESULTS: Time-trends for amalgam placement showed that there was a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in amalgam use compared with composites and glass ionomers. However dental amalgam still represented a large proportion (42%) of the restorations (circa 1.8 million) placed in the 2016-2017 financial year. Survey respondents suggest that direct impacts of a phase down were related to increased costs and time to place alternative restorations and reduced quality of care. This in turn would lead to increased tooth extractions, reduced access to care and privatisation of dental services with the greatest impact on deprived populations. CONCLUSION: Amalgam is still a widely placed material in state run oral health services. The complete phase down of dental amalgam poses a threat to such services and threatens to widen oral health inequalities. Our data suggest that a complete phase out is not currently feasible unless appropriate measures are in place to ensure cheaper, long-lasting and easy to use alternatives are available and can be readily adopted by primary care oral health providers.


Assuntos
Amálgama Dentário/uso terapêutico , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Escócia , Medicina Estatal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
17.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 887-895, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047673

RESUMO

Este relato objetiva apresentar o processo de desenvolvimento de um material escrito e ilustrado voltado para o dentista atuante em Unidades de Terapia intensiva, bem como os motivos e justificativas que levaram à decisão de sua necessidade. O cirurgião-dentista tem ampliado sua área de atuação e, por isso, necessita de materiais didáticos que forneçam uma base para essa nova forma de pensar a Odontologia, com um caráter integral e multiprofissional. Por não haver contato dos cirurgiões-dentistas com o ambiente hospitalar durante a graduação, salvo raras exceções, o material didático nesta área foi planejado para abranger desde os conhecimentos básicos até situações que envolvem maior conhecimento para a tomada de decisão. A metodologia utilizada foi o levantamento bibliográfico e a montagem de material escrito na forma de manual, além da produção e tratamento de fotografias ilustrativas, obtidas em um Hospital Universitário durante o processo de cuidado odontológico de pacientes críticos.


This report aims to present the process of developing a written and illustrated material for the dentist in intensive care units, as well as the reasons and justifications that led to the decision of their need. The dental surgeon has expanded his area of practice and, therefore, needs didactic materials that provide a basis for this new way of thinking about Dentistry, with an integral and multiprofessional character. Due to the lack of contact between dental surgeons and the hospital environment during graduation, with few exceptions, the teaching material in this area was designed to cover everything from basic knowledge to situations involving greater knowledge for decision making. The methodology used was the bibliographical survey and the assembly of written material in manual form, as well as the production and treatment of illustrative photographs obtained at a University Hospital during the dental care process of critical patients.


Este relato tiene como objetivo presentar el proceso de desarrollo de un material escrito e ilustrado orientado hacia el dentista actuante en Unidades de Terapia intensiva, así como los motivos y justificaciones que llevaron a la decisión de su necesidad. El cirujano-dentista ha ampliado su área de actuación y, por eso, necesita materiales didácticos que proveen una base para esa nueva forma de pensar la Odontología, con un carácter integral y multiprofesional. Por no haber contacto de los cirujanos-dentistas con el ambiente hospitalario durante la graduación, salvo raras excepciones, el material didáctico en esta área fue planeado para abarcar desde los conocimientos básicos hasta situaciones que involucran mayor conocimiento para la toma de decisión. La metodología utilizada fue el levantamiento bibliográfico y el montaje de material escrito en la forma de manual, además de la producción y tratamiento de fotografías ilustrativas, obtenidas en un Hospital Universitario durante el proceso de cuidado odontológico de pacientes críticos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Materiais de Ensino , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Equipe Hospitalar de Odontologia , Dicionários de Odontologia como Assunto , Assistência Odontológica , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Odontólogos , Fotografia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
18.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 35(11): 866-870, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845878

RESUMO

The oral health has an important role in the good general health state. Some populations, including those in detention, have not only increased needs, but also limited access to dental care. Télédent is an oral tele-expertise activity that facilitates the screening and prevention of oral disorders, performing as a complementary health tool for screening. With an intra-oral camera, oral images of the prisoners are recorded and then analyzed by a team from the Oral Medicine Department of the Hospital Henri Mondor, giving the UCSA of Fresnes prison a detailed dental expertise. As a result, Télédent enables a cooperation to improve the screening and oral care of prison inmates at the Fresnes Prison, decreasing costs and increasing the security.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal , Prisões , Telemedicina , França , Humanos
19.
Prim Dent J ; 8(3): 64-74, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666174

RESUMO

In 2019, in a world of instant gratification, what are the expectations of patients and dentists? Is training sufficient to meet these expectations? Decision-making in dentistry impacts the treatment choices patients are given, and may influence the outcomes of such treatment. It is therefore important to ensure as much standardisation as possible. In order to achieve this, it is important to know the current standard and the views of dentist as this will influence dental treatment planning. Clinical Relevance: This paper captures the treatment planning dilemmas of dentists, specifically of those in their Foundation training year, in order to aid targeting of training and development. Objective Statement: To understand treatment decisions of general dental practitioners and specialists.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/organização & administração , Odontólogos/psicologia , Odontologia Geral , Medicina Geral , Odontologia Geral/organização & administração , Humanos
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