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2.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20200800. 45 p. tab, ilus.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1005180

RESUMO

La norma técnica contiene: la finalidad, objetivos, ámbito de aplicación, base legal, disposiciones generales y específicas para el tamizaje neonatal de hipotiroidismo congénito, hiperplasia suprarrenal congénita, fenilcetonuria, fibrosis quística, hipoacusia congénita y catarata congénita.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Triagem Neonatal , Normas Técnicas , Serviços de Saúde da Criança
3.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 301-310, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1114939

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Elective cesarean section is associated with several damages to the newborn's health, such as respiratory, gastrointestinal problems and diabetes that last throughout life. However, few studies discuss aspects related to psychological developmentOBJECTIVE: To investigate the development of Brazilian children according to the type of birth and gestational age in the cognitive, language, motor, socio-emotional and adaptive behavior domainsMETHODS: This is an exploratory and descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the city of São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Brazil, between June 2016 and March 2017. The final sample consisted of 263 children up to 42 months of age. For data collection were applied a socio demographic questionnaire and the Bayley-III Scale. The statistical analysis was based on both a North American reference sample and a local sample using the SPSS version 21, through Pearson's Chi-square statistical test and significance criteria p <0.05RESULTS: A significant difference (p<0.005) was observed, with a higher risk of problems in fine motor development and expressive language in children born at pre-term between 37- 39 weeks compared to those born at term between 39 - 41 weeks. Significant difference (p<0.005) was also observed in sensory processing and adaptive behavior, with greater impairment in children born via elective cesarean section compared to those born vaginallyCONCLUSION: Despite its limitations and discrepancies, this research indicates potential impairments in the psychological development of children born at early term via elective cesarean


INTRODUÇÃO: A cesárea eletiva está associada a diversos prejuízos à saúde do recém-nascido, como problemas respiratórios, gastrointestinais e diabetes, que perduram ao longo da vida. No entanto, poucos estudos discutem os aspectos relacionados ao desenvolvimento psicológicoOBJETIVO: Investigar o desenvolvimento de crianças brasileiras segundo a via de parto e a idade gestacional nos domínios cognitivo, linguagem, motor, socioemocional e comportamento adaptativoMÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo exploratório-descritivo, transversal, realizado no município de São Bernardo do Campo, entre junho de 2016 e março de 2017. A população foi composta por 400 crianças até 42 meses de idade. Para coleta de dados foram aplicados questionário sociodemográfico e Escala Bayley-III. Foi utilizada para análise estatística tanto a normatização oferecida pela Escala Bayley (norte-americana) quanto a normatização referente à amostra estudada, por meio do SPSS version 21, utilizando o teste estatístico do Qui-Quadrado de Pearson, critérios de significância p<0,05RESULTADOS: Observou-se diferença significativa (p<0,005), com maior risco de problemas no desenvolvimento motor fino e na linguagem expressiva em crianças nascidas a termo precoce (37 a<39 semanas) quando comparadas às nascidas a termo (=39 a <41 semanas). Diferença significativa (p<0,005) também foi observada no processamento sensorial e comportamento adaptativo, com maior prejuízo observado nas crianças nascidas via CE em comparação às nascidas de parto vaginalCONCLUSÃO: Este estudo evidencia o aumento de riscos psicológicos em crianças nascidas via cesárea eletiva quando comparadas com as nascidas por parto vaginal nos aspectos relacionados ao processamento sensorial, motricidade fina, linguagem expressiva e emissão de comportamentos adaptativos


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Cesárea , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Parto Normal
4.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 184-186, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734672

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has meant upheaval for child and adolescent mental health services and for children, young people and their families. We look at this disruption through the lens of values-based practice. We also briefly examine the concept of natural capital and the opportunity for 'Building Back Better' post-COVID. We suggest that as well as losses, there are also opportunities to rethink and reshape our practices to make them more value-based.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Humanos
5.
Pediatrics ; 146(Suppl 1): S25-S32, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737229

RESUMO

In this article, I examine the role of minors' competence for medical decision-making in modern American law. The doctrine of parental consent remains the default legal and bioethical framework for health care decisions on behalf of children, complemented by a complex array of exceptions. Some of those exceptions vest decisional authority in the minors themselves. Yet, in American law, judgments of minors' competence do not typically trigger shifts in decision-making authority from adults to minors. Rather, minors' decisional capacity becomes relevant only after legislatures or courts determine that the default of parental discretion does not achieve important policy goals or protect implicated constitutional rights in a particular health care context and that those goals can best be achieved or rights best protected by authorizing capable minors to choose for themselves. It is at that point that psychological and neuroscientific evidence plays an important role in informing the legal inquiry as to whether minors whose health is at issue are legally competent to decide.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Competência Mental/legislação & jurisprudência , Menores de Idade/legislação & jurisprudência , Consentimento dos Pais/legislação & jurisprudência , Adolescente , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/legislação & jurisprudência , Educação Infantil , Bem-Estar da Criança/legislação & jurisprudência , Direitos Civis , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/ética , Família , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Consentimento Informado por Menores/ética , Consentimento Informado por Menores/legislação & jurisprudência , Competência Mental/normas , Menores de Idade/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Consentimento dos Pais/ética , Patient Self-Determination Act , Autonomia Pessoal , Procurador/legislação & jurisprudência , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Estados Unidos
8.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 175-177, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674222

RESUMO

The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the need for remote technologies to be used in child and adolescent mental health services. With the UK being placed in lockdown one week before a scheduled 'face-to-face' low-intensity CBT training day due to COVID-19, there was a need for rapid adaptations to be made to the content, structure and format of a training day for practitioners in mental health services, to suit the online environment. The content covered the core areas of low-intensity CBT in children and adolescents. Findings showed that the one-day low-intensity training day increased knowledge and understanding in all key areas measured, and was positively received, providing further evidence for the effectiveness and acceptability of remote delivery. Given discussed benefits of remote delivery, as well as rapid developments in technologies helping to address some of the challenges raised, going forward, remote delivery could continue to be beneficial for increasing access to much needed evidence-based interventions.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Saúde Mental , Isolamento Social , Telemedicina
10.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Covid-19 pandemic led to the establishment of the state of alarm in Spanish and the initial lockdown of the entire population. The aim of this study is to analyse the assessment of professionals working with children on the impact of quarantine on the health and health inequalities of the child population, as well as the importance given to the intermediate factors that can modulate the impact of the experience of lockdown on children's health. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was made according to an online questionnaire to professionals in health and socio-educational fields working with children (n=214) with questions concerning the potential effects of lockdown and the dimensions that could modulate those effects. For the analysis, descriptive statistics were calculated together with Chi-square tests and comparison of means to analyse differences according to professional field. RESULTS: 86% of the experts pointed out the potential negative impact of quarantine on the health of children, especially that of the most vulnerable, highlighting the adverse effects of conflict at home and exposure to tobacco smoke in this experience, which were scored in importance with more than 9 and 8.5 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results show how, according to child professionals, lockdown can have an impact on the health of the child population that goes beyond the direct effect of Covid-19.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Quarentena , Isolamento Social , Algoritmos , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Estudos Transversais , Família , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Estatísticos , Pandemias , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco
11.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(6)2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586891

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially impacted maternity care provision worldwide. Studies based on modelling estimated large indirect effects of the pandemic on services and health outcomes. The objective of this study was to prospectively document experiences of frontline maternal and newborn healthcare providers. METHODS: We conducted a global, cross-sectional study of maternal and newborn health professionals via an online survey disseminated through professional networks and social media in 12 languages. Information was collected between 24 March and 10 April 2020 on respondents' background, preparedness for and response to COVID-19 and their experience during the pandemic. An optional module sought information on adaptations to 17 care processes. Descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis were used to analyse responses, disaggregating by low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). RESULTS: We analysed responses from 714 maternal and newborn health professionals. Only one-third received training on COVID-19 from their health facility and nearly all searched for information themselves. Half of respondents in LMICs received updated guidelines for care provision compared with 82% in HICs. Overall, 47% of participants in LMICs and 69% in HICs felt mostly or completely knowledgeable in how to care for COVID-19 maternity patients. Facility-level responses to COVID-19 (signage, screening, testing and isolation rooms) were more common in HICs than LMICs. Globally, 90% of respondents reported somewhat or substantially higher levels of stress. There was a widespread perception of reduced use of routine maternity care services, and of modification in care processes, some of which were not evidence-based practices. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial knowledge gaps exist in guidance on management of maternity cases with or without COVID-19. Formal information-sharing channels for providers must be established and mental health support provided. Surveys of maternity care providers can help track the situation, capture innovations and support rapid development of effective responses.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estresse Ocupacional , Pobreza , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Matern Child Health J ; 24(9): 1121-1129, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Maternal health-seeking behaviors are critical to improving maternal and child health in low-income countries. This study investigates associations between maternal decision-making input and their health-seeking behaviors in the first 1000-day period between pregnancy and a child's second birthday in Nepal. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2018 in 16 districts of Nepal. Among the 3648 households surveyed, 1910 mothers of a child 0 to 24 months with complete data were included for analyses. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between decision-making input and the utilization of antenatal, delivery and postnatal care services, and attendance at health mothers' group (HMG) meetings. We also used negative binomial regression to assess the relationship between her decision-making input and participation in growth monitoring and promotion (GMP) in the 6 months prior to the survey. For each relationship examined, we adjusted for clustering, as well as potentially confounding factors at individual and household levels. RESULTS: After adjusting for confounders, maternal decision-making input had a small but positive and significant association with receiving at least 4 antenatal care visits (OR = 1.09, 95% CI 1.02, 1.17), attendance at GMP in the 6 months prior to the survey (IRR = 1.02, 95% CI 1.00, 1.04), and HMG attendance (OR = 1.10, 95% CI 1.03, 1.17), but not with receiving at least 3 postnatal care visits or delivering in a health institution. CONCLUSIONS FOR PRACTICE: Our findings indicated that empowering women and mothers in household decision-making might warrant greater attention when developing future policies and programs in Nepal.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomada de Decisões , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Nepal , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 165-166, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599669

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic impact on children is a growing concern. The United Nations and its agencies (the World Health Organization and UNICEF), Indian Association For Child and Adolescent Mental Health and National Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience in India warn about the broader impacts on children and call for urgent action to support the world's children amidst the pandemic which may have lasting consequences. The COVID-19 pandemic and unprecedented control measures to prevent its spread have disrupted nearly every aspect of children's lives - their health, development, learning, behaviour and their families' economic security, including protection from violence and abuse. Given this background, there is an urgent need for action through screening to minimize the mental health issues of children in India who constitute a substantial proportion of the population.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Saúde da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Crianças Órfãs , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Índia , Transtornos Mentais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pais , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia
18.
Can Fam Physician ; 66(5): 332-334, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-270889

RESUMO

Question Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is affecting millions of people worldwide. It seems that it affects mostly adults older than 40 years of age, and the death rate is highest for older individuals in the population. What should I tell parents worried about their children contracting the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) causing COVID-19, and what symptoms should I look for to determine if there is a need to test for the virus?Answer The COVID-19 global pandemic affects all ages. Severe respiratory manifestations have been the mainstay of illness in adults, with what seems to be rapid deterioration necessitating mechanical ventilation. Only 5% of those tested and found to have COVID-19 have been younger than 19 years, possibly owing to limited testing, as the symptoms in children are usually mild. Symptoms in children include fever, dry cough, rhinorrhea, sore throat, and fatigue, and in 10% diarrhea or vomiting. Rarely dyspnea or hypoxemia were also described. Blood tests and imaging have been shown to be of little value in children and should only be ordered for those in whom you would normally order these investigations for viral-like illness. No specific therapy is available and supportive care with rest, fluids, and antipyretics for children is the recommended approach. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen for fever and pain can be given. Antiviral and immunomodulatory treatment is not recommended at this time for otherwise healthy children, and corticosteroids should also not be used. Children with immunocompromised states should be isolated and avoid contact with others.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Saúde Global , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Avaliação de Sintomas
20.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0231620, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is little evidence on the child and family factors that affect the intensity of care use by children with complex problems. We therefore wished to identify changes in these factors associated with changes in care service use and its intensity, for care use in general and psychosocial care in particular. METHODS: Parents of 272 children with problems in several life domains completed questionnaires at baseline (response 69.1%) and after 12 months. Negative binominal Hurdle analyses enabled us to distinguish between using care services (yes/ no) and its intensity, i.e. number of contacts when using care. RESULTS: Change in care use was more likely if the burden of adverse life events (ALE) decreased (odds ratio, OR = 0.94, 95% confidence interval, CI = 0.90-0.99) and if parenting concerns increased (OR = 1.29, CI = 1.11-1.51). Psychosocial care use became more likely for school-age children (vs. pre-school) (OR = 1.99, CI = 1.09-3.63) if ALE decreased (OR = 0.93, CI = 0.89-0.97) and if parenting concerns increased (OR = 1.26, CI = 1.10-1.45). Intensity of use (>0 contacts) of any care decreased when ALE decreased (relative risk, RR = 0.95, CI = 0.92-0.98) and when psychosocial problems became less severe (RR = 0.38, CI = 0.20-0.73). Intensity of psychosocial care also decreased when severe psychosocial problems became less severe (RR = 0.39, CI = 0.18-0.84). CONCLUSIONS: Changes in care-service use (vs. no use) and its intensity (>0 contacts) are explained by background characteristics and changes in a child's problems. Care use is related to factors other than changes in its intensity, indicating that care use and its intensity have different drivers. ALE in particular contribute to intensity of any care use.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/terapia , Cuidado da Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/provisão & distribução , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Cuidado da Criança/métodos , Cuidado da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/organização & administração , Bem-Estar da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Família , Feminino , Seguimentos , Recursos em Saúde/organização & administração , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos em Saúde/provisão & distribução , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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