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2.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 87-93, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047784

RESUMO

Objetivo: caracterizar o conhecimento científico no período entre 2012 e 2017 que contemplam as práticas de promoção da saúde realizadas pelo NASF - AB para pessoa idosa. Método: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura entre os anos 2012 e 2017, na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), nas bases de dados LILACS e MEDLINE e no Portal de Periódicos da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), na base de dados SCIELO, com a utilização dos descritores "atenção primária à saúde", "saúde da família" e "promoção da saúde". Resultados: foram selecionados 10 artigos, sendo nove indexados na base Lilacs e um nas bases Lilacs, Medline e Scielo. Conclusão: verificou-se ausência de práticas que envolvam todos os eixos da Política Nacional de Promoção da Saúde e da Política Nacional de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa


Objective: the study's purpose has been to characterize the scientific understanding, over the period from 2012 to 2017,that contemplates the health promotion practices performed by the Núcleo Ampliado de Saúde da Família e Atenção Básica (NASF-AB) [Broad Nucleus of Family Health and Basic Care] towards elderly people. Method: it is an integrative literature review that took place in the Virtual Health Library (VHL), in the Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) [Latin-American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences] and MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online) databases, also in the periodical portal named Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior(CAPES) [Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel], and in the SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) database. The following descriptors were used: "primary health care", "family health" and "health promotion". Results: ten articles were selected, being 9 (nine) indexed in the LILACS database and 1 (one) in the LILACS, MEDLINE and SciELO databases. Conclusion: there were no practices involving all the branches of the National Health Promotion Policy and the National Health Policy for Elderly People


Objetivo: caracterizar el conocimiento científico en el período entre 2012 y 2017 que contemplan las prácticas de promoción de la salud realizadas por el NASF - AB para la persona de edad. Método: se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura entre los años 2012 y 2017, en la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud (BVS), en las bases de datos LILACS y MEDLINE y en el Portal de Periódicos de la Coordinación de Perfeccionamiento de Personal de Nivel Superior (CAPES en la base de datos SCIELO, con la utilización de los descriptores "atención primaria a la salud", "salud de la familia" y "promoción de la salud". Resultados: se seleccionaron 10 artículos, siendo nueve indexados en la base Lilacs y uno en las bases Lilacs, Medline y Scielo. Conclusión: Se verificó ausencia de prácticas que involucran todos los ejes de la Política Nacional de Promoción de la Salud y de la Política Nacional de Salud de la Persona Anciana


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Saúde do Idoso , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Saúde da Família
3.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047897

RESUMO

Objetivo: apreender experiências de pessoas idosas que participam de grupos de convivência. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório de abordagem qualitativa realizado com doze pessoas idosas que frequentam grupos de convivência em um município no interior da Bahia. A coleta dos dados foi realizada por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, dezembro de 2017 a fevereiro de 2018. Os dados foram analisados e interpretados conforme a análise de conteúdo temática proposta por Laurence Bardin. Resultados: após a análise emergiram seis categorias: melhoria na condição de saúde; evitar a solidão, fonte de suporte social; apoio e incentivo familiar; atividades aquáticas e dança. Conclusão: O estudo mostrou que a participação de pessoas idosas em grupos de convivência se mostra necessária, devido melhorias na qualidade de vida, na autoestima, na construção de vínculos e apoio social, no qual auxilia-as em todo o processo de envelhecimento


Objective: to learn the experiences of elderly people who participate in social groups. Method: a descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out with twelve elderly people who attend social groups in a municipality in the interior of Bahia. The data were collected through a semi structured interview, from December 2017 to February 2018. Data were analyzed and interpreted according to the thematic content analysis proposed by Laurence Bardin. Results: seven categories emerged after the analysis: improvement in health status; avoid loneliness, source of social support; family support and encouragement; water activities and dancing. Conclusion: The study showed that the participation of elderly people in social groups is necessary due to improvements in the quality of life, self-esteem, the forging of bonds and social support that help them throughout the aging process


Objetivo: aprehender experiencias de personas mayores que participan en centros de convivencia. Método: estudio descriptivo, exploratorio de abordaje cualitativo realizado con doce personas mayores que frecuentan grupos de convivencia en un municipio en el interior de Bahía. La recolección de los datos fue realizada por medio de una entrevista semiestructurada, diciembre de 2017 a febrero de 2018. Los datos fueron analizados e interpretados según el análisis de contenido temático propuesto por Laurence Bardin. Resultados: después del análisis emergieron siete categorías: mejora en la condición de salud; evitar la soledad, fuente de soporte social; apoyo y fomento de la familia; actividades acuáticas y danza. Conclusión: el estudio mostró que la participación de personas mayores en grupos de convivencia se muestra necesaria, debido a mejoras en la calidad de vida, en la autoestima, en la construcción de vínculos y apoyo social, en el que las auxilia en todo el proceso de envejecimiento


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Centros Comunitários para Idosos/tendências , Envelhecimento Saudável , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
4.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(1): 40-44, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809455

RESUMO

The purpose of the Aging Well Nursing-Interprofessional Salon was to explore current local community healthcare issues for older adults and to develop innovative strategies that support and enhance their health. An initiative emerged from the salon that focuses on identifying caregivers to ensure their awareness of available support resources. We are in the process of developing a pilot plan that includes collaboration of PhD and doctorate of nursing practice students, nursing faculty, and community agencies that support older adults.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Massachusetts
5.
J Clin Nurs ; 29(1-2): 31-52, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532022

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyse the experiences of older people with a diagnosed functional mental illness and their carers in relation to mental health service delivery and analyse the experiences of health and social care professionals who care for and treat older people who have a diagnosed functional mental illness. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of functional mental illness in older adults is notable but to date has received less research attention than dementia. Older adults with functional mental illness have life expectancy of up to 20 years less than the rest of the population. Therefore, the experiences of older adults with functional mental illness, their carers and healthcare professionals, in relation to mental health services, need further exploration. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. METHODS: A five-stage process was informed by Whittemore and Knafl. MeSH was used. Keyword searches of MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, EMBASE and AMED were conducted between January 2000-October 2017. Titles were screened, and data were extracted manually and analysed using narrative synthesis. The PRISMA checklist was used. RESULTS: A total of 342 articles were deemed potentially relevant to this review. Once inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 28 articles were included. The literature presented an overarching theme "determinants influencing older people with functional mental illness use of services." The overarching theme is supported by two main themes: inevitable consequences of ageing and variations of the availability of healthcare services for older people with functional mental illness. CONCLUSION: Several determinants influence use of services by older people with functional mental illness. Older people with functional mental illness often perceived they did not have a mental health need. Within the literature, there was little acknowledgement of the experiences of older people with functional mental illness regarding their support needs. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This integrative review has highlighted that some older people with functional mental illness do not seek mental health support because they believe that functional mental illness is an inevitable consequence of ageing; this is mirrored at times by healthcare professionals and carers. In addition to this finding, different views prevail regarding the impact that ageless and age-defined mental health service delivery models have on the needs of older people with functional mental illness. Further research is required to understand these findings.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem , Serviços de Saúde Mental
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(3): 189-195, set-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046182

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a influência do Pilates de solo na aptidão física e na força de preensão manual de idosos. Participaram do estudo 11 idosos, nove mulheres e dois homens, com média de idade de 68,73 anos (DP= 6,06). Estes realizaram 34 sessões de exercícios do Pilates de Solo, em 17 semanas, duas vezes por semana, com duração de 60 minutos cada sessão. No início da intervenção foi aplicada a ficha diagnóstica em forma de entrevista individual. Antes e após a intervenção foram aplicados os seguintes instrumentos: medidas antropométricas, preensão manual e a bateria de testes físicos para idosos (Senior Fitness Test ­ SFT). Quanto às aptidões físicas verificou-se diferença significativa após o programa de Pilates de solo na força dos membros superiores e inferiores, flexibilidade de membros inferiores, agilidade/equilíbrio dinâmico e resistência aeróbia. Não houve diferença na flexibilidade de membros superiores e na força de preensão manual. Concluiu-se neste estudo que o Método Pilates de solo influenciou na melhora da força, flexibilidade de membros inferiores, agilidade/equilíbrio dinâmico e resistência aeróbia, demonstrando ser um método que proporciona benefícios na aptidão física dos idosos.


The purpose of this study was to verify the influence of Mat Pilates in physical fitness and manual grip strength of the elderly. Eleven elderly individuals - 9 women and two men - with mean age of 68.73 years (SD = 6.06) participated in the study. They were submitted to 34 sessions of Mat Pilates exercises twice a week for 17 weeks, with 60-minute sessions. At the beginning of the intervention, a diagnostic form was applied in the form of an individual interview. Before and after the intervention, the following instruments were applied: anthropometric measures, manual gripping and a set of physical tests for the elderly (Senior Fitness Test - SFT). Regarding physical fitness, there was a significant difference after the Pilates program on the upper and lower limb strength, lower limb flexibility, dynamic agility/balance, and aerobic resistance. No differences were found in upper limb flexibility and manual grip strength. It can be concluded that the Mat Pilates Method influenced the improvement of the strength, flexibility of lower limbs, dynamic agility/balance and aerobic resistance, proving to be a method that provides benefits in the physical fitness of the elderly.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso , Aptidão Física , Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento , Teste de Esforço , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03512, Jan.-Dez. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020387

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Desvelar as práticas de Educação Permanente em Saúde desenvolvidas pelo Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família na atenção ao idoso. MÉTODO: Estudo qualitativo e exploratório-descritivo, desenvolvido em um município do estado do Paraná, com profissionais do Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família. Os dados foram obtidos pela técnica de Grupo Focal e submetidos à Classificação Hierárquica Descendente utilizando o software IRaMuTeQ. Os referenciais teórico-analíticos foram a Política Nacional de Educação Permanente em Saúde e a Teoria Dialógica. RESULTADOS: Participaram 46 profissionais. Surgiram cinco classes que permitiram desvelar que as práticas de educação permanente na atenção ao idoso ocorrem durante os momentos de discussão de casos, no matriciamento, nas visitas domiciliares, nos grupos operativos e no cotidiano do trabalho de modo informal. CONCLUSÃO: As práticas de educação permanente desenvolvidas pelos profissionais na atenção ao idoso ocorrem em distintos momentos da atuação profissional e são permeadas pela prática


OBJETIVO: Desvelar las prácticas de Educación Permanente en Salud desarrolladas por el Núcleo de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia en la atención a la persona mayor. MÉTODO: Estudio cualitativo y exploratorio descriptivo, desarrollado en un municipio del Estado de Paraná, con profesionales del Núcleo de Apoyo a la Salud de la Familia. Los datos fueron obtenidos por la técnica de Grupo Focal y sometidos a la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendiente utilizando el software IRaMuTeQ. Los marcos de referencia teóricos analíticos fueron la Política Nacional de Educación Permanente en Salud y la Teoría Dialógica. RESULTADOS: Participaron 46 profesionales. Surgieron cinco clases que permitieron desvelar que las prácticas de educación permanente en la atención a la persona mayor ocurren durante los momentos de discusión de casos, en el matriciamiento, las visitas domiciliarias, los grupos operativos y el cotidiano del trabajo de modo informal. CONCLUSIÓN: Las prácticas de educación permanente desarrolladas por los profesionales en la atención a la persona mayor ocurren en distintos momentos de la actuación profesional y traen consigo la práctica


OBJECTIVE: To unveil the Permanent Education in Health practices developed by the Family Health Support Center in the care provided to older adults. METHOD: A qualitative and exploratory-descriptive study developed in a municipality in the state of Paraná with professionals from the Family Health Support Center. Data were obtained by the Focus Group technique and submitted to the Descending Hierarchical Classification using IRaMuTeQ software. The implemented theoretical-analytical references were the National Policy of Permanent Education in Healthcare and the Dialogical Theory. RESULTS: Forty-six (46) professionals participated. Five classes emerged which revealed that the practices of permanent education in care provided to older adults occur during the moments of discussion of cases, in collaborative care planning (matriciamento ), in the home visits, in the operative groups and in the daily life of the informal work. CONCLUSION: The permanent education practices developed by the professionals in the care provided to older adults occur at different moments of professional performance and are permeated by the practice


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas , Educação Continuada/métodos , Enfermagem de Atenção Primária/normas , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/normas , Pessoal de Saúde , Grupos Focais , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(6): 381-384, nov.-dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184660

RESUMO

El envejecimiento unido a la multimorbilidad, la polimedicación y a diversos factores sociales se conforma como uno de los determinantes que conducen a aumentar la complejidad de la atención en las personas mayores y a dificultar, por tanto, el aportar respuestas eficaces desde los sistemas sanitarios a sus necesidades. Para afrontar este nuevo y creciente escenario del cuidado a la persona mayor, es necesario que los sistemas formales de atención, sanitario y social, definan puestos de trabajo específicos para que las especialistas en enfermería geriátrica, formadas para abordar las necesidades de las personas mayores desde una perspectiva de la atención integral, tanto en el envejecimiento saludable como en los diferentes problemas de salud de este grupo poblacional, caracterizado por las propias consecuencias del envejecimiento y la cronicidad hacia la dependencia, desarrollen las competencias que la ley establece en el marco de un equipo interdisciplinar, para las que han sido formadas y acreditadas, sumando así valor en la respuesta que los sistemas sanitario y social han de aportar a este creciente problema de la tríada «envejecimiento-cronicidad-dependencia»


Aging together with multimorbidity, polymedication and various social factors are some of the determinants that lead to increasing complexity of care in the elderly, thus making it difficult for health systems to meet their needs. To approach this new and growing scenario of care for the elderly, the formal health and social care systems must define specific jobs for geriatric nursing specialists trained to address the needs of older people from a perspective of comprehensive care, both for healthy aging, and for the different health problems of this population group, characterized by the consequences of aging and chronicity, towards dependence, and develop the powers established by law in the framework of an interdisciplinary team, for those who have been trained and accredited, thus adding value to the response that health systems have to provide for this growing problem of the 'aging-chronicity-dependence' triad


Assuntos
Humanos , Enfermagem Geriátrica/métodos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Enfermagem Geriátrica/organização & administração , Idoso Fragilizado
11.
Hosp Pract (1995) ; 47(5): 249-253, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652402

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate whether direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) therapy at acute hospitals is continued after transfer to subacute or chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities in Japan.Methods: Acute hospitals routinely transfer patients to nearby subacute or chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities after acute stroke treatment. To elucidate the status of antithrombotic therapy, particularly DOAC therapy, we conducted a questionnaire survey of chief physicians at 33 subacute or chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities in the vicinity of Kawasaki City.Results: Responses were received from 23 hospitals and geriatric health services facilities (5 convalescent and rehabilitation hospitals, 5 chronic hospitals, 13 geriatric health services facilities). The number of convalescent hospitals responding, 'no problem with DOAC administration' before transfer to subacute or chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities increased from 4 (80%) at the introduction of DOACs to 5 (100%) presently. The number of chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities also increased from 1 (20%) to 3 (60%) and 4 (30.8%) to 5 (38.5%), respectively, albeit not significantly. The number of convalescent hospitals, chronic hospitals, and geriatric health services facilities requesting pre-transfer change of oral anticoagulants decreased from 20% to 0%, 60% to 40%, and 69.2% to 61.5%, respectively. All convalescent hospitals continued DOAC therapy after transfer. However, only 40.0% of chronic hospitals and 46.2% of geriatric health services facilities used DOACs in the present period. Warfarin was used instead at 3 (60%) chronic hospitals and 7 (53.8%) geriatric health services facilities and antiplatelet drugs were used at 1 hospital/facility each (20% and 7.7%, respectively). Nine (39.1%) hospitals and facilities cited high DOAC costs for the switch.Conclusions: Convalescent hospitals have incorporated DOAC use and readily accept patients receiving DOACs at transferring hospitals. Conversely, many chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities eventually switch from DOACs to warfarin or antiplatelet drugs due to cost. Efforts to resolve these barriers to continued administration of DOACs between acute hospitals and subacute or chronic hospitals and geriatric health services facilities in Japan are needed as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Hospitais , Administração Oral , Humanos , Japão , Transferência de Pacientes , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(Suppl 4): 212-221, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older general hospital patients, particularly those with cognitive impairment, frequently experience adverse events and other care complications during their stay. As these findings have so far been based on small and selected patient samples, the aim of the present study was to provide reliable data on a) the prevalence of adverse care issues (summarized under the term care challenges) in older general hospital patients and on b) associated patient-related risk factors (e.g. cognitive impairment). METHODS: A cross-sectional representative study comprising 1469 patients aged ≥65 years from 33 randomly selected general hospitals in southern Germany (GHoSt). Data collection included the use of different data sources, e.g. structured interviews with responsible nursing staff concerning care challenges and procedures for determining the patients' cognitive status. RESULTS: Care challenges were statistically significantly (p < 0.001) more often reported for patients with dementia and/or delirium (87.5%) and mild cognitive impairment (47.9%) compared to cognitively unimpaired patients (24.6%). Adjusted odds ratios suggested cognitive impairment, impaired activities of daily living, receiving long-term care and unplanned admission as significant patient-related risk factors for care challenges. Furthermore, the occurrence of such issues was associated with the application of physical restraints, support from relatives, prescription of psycholeptics and specialist consultations. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest a strong impact of different degrees of cognitive impairment on challenges in care. The results might help to design appropriate training programs for hospital staff and other interventions to prevent or reduce critical situations.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Hospitais Gerais/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Cuidados Críticos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4877, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the frequency of use of potentially inappropriate medication prescribed to elderly at hospital discharge from a public hospital, considering the Brazilian Consensus on Potentially Inappropriate Medication for Elderly, and to identify the associated factors. METHODS: Patients aged ≥60 years, admitted in clinical and geriatric units of a public hospital were invited to participate in the study. The information about the use of medicines was collected from the patient's electronic record and through telephone contact. The Brazilian Consensus on Potentially Inappropriate Medication for Elderly was used to classify the medication, regardless of the clinical condition. RESULTS: A total of 255 elders were included in this study. The frequency of use of potentially inappropriate medication by elderly was 58.4%. The potentially inappropriate medication use in elderly was positively associated with the presence of depression (odds ratio of 2.208) and polypharmacy (odds ratio of 2.495). The hospitalization in a geriatric unit showed an inverse association with the potentially inappropriate medication use in elderly (odds ratio of 0.513). CONCLUSION: The frequency of potentially inappropriate medication prescription to elderly upon hospital discharge was high. The presence of depression and polypharmacy were directly associated with use of potentially inappropriate medication in the elderly. Admission to the geriatric clinic has become a protection factor for the use of potentially inappropriate medication in elderly. Strategies to improve the elderly pharmacotherapy should implemented aiming at healthcare quality and safety in the transition of care.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Prescrição Inadequada/estatística & dados numéricos , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimedicação
14.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3166, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify patterns of associations between the degree of compliance to laboratory test requests by risk strata and the parameters of quality of care outcomes in primary health care (PHC). METHOD: a cross-sectional study involving 108 elderly patients with hypertension and/or diabetes treated in PHC. A semi-structured questionnaire and electronic medical record data were used. To evaluate the quality of care, the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) questionnaire was used. Descriptive analysis, multiple correspondence analysis and k-means grouping were performed. RESULTS: it was observed low compliance of the care practice, standing out as the worst parameter the evaluation of the diabetic foot (2.2%). Three clusters were identified, with cluster 1 having the highest number of individuals (37.0%), with better indicators of quality of care, evidenced by above 50% of compliance with laboratory tests (75.0%), high PACIC score (47.2%), control of blood pressure (70.0%) and metabolic levels (95.0%), and satisfaction with health (92.5%) and health access (90.0%). In contrast, cluster 3 (29.6%) was made up of individuals with worse outcomes of care. CONCLUSION: low compliance of care practice and asymmetries among health actions and users' needs were observed, indicating failures in the care process in PHC.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Hipertensão/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Cooperação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(Suppl 4): 222-228, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of older patients in the emergency department (ED) is seen as a promising and efficient solution for handling the increase in demand for geriatric emergency medicine. Previously, the predictive validity of commonly used tools for risk stratification, such as the identification of seniors at risk (ISAR), have found only limited evidence in German geriatric patient samples. Given that the adverse outcomes in question, such as rehospitalization, nursing home admission and mortality, are substantially associated with cognitive impairment, the potential of the short portable mental status questionnaire (SPMSQ) as a tool for risk stratification of older ED patients was investigated. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the predictive validity of the SPMSQ for a composite endpoint of adverse events (e.g. rehospitalization, nursing home admission and mortality). METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study with 260 patients aged 70 years and above, recruited in a cardiology ED. Patients with a likely life-expectancy below 24 h were excluded. Follow-up examinations were conducted at 1, 3, 6 and 12 month(s) after recruitment. RESULTS: The SPMSQ was found to be a significant predictor of adverse outcomes not at 1 month (area under the curve, AUC 0.55, 95% confidence interval, CI 0.46-0.63) but at 3 months (AUC 0.61, 95% CI 0.54-0.68), 6 months (AUC 0.63, 95% CI 0.56-0.70) and 12 months (AUC 0.63, 95% CI 0.56-0.70) after initial contact. CONCLUSION: For longer periods of observation the SPMSQ can be a predictor of a composite endpoint of adverse outcomes even when controlled for a range of confounders. Its characteristics, specifically the low sensitivity, make it unsuitable as an accurate risk stratification tool on its own.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Geriátrica , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/normas
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1347-1352, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022117

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the perception of elderly women about cervical cancer screening (PCCU). Method: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach. The subjects were 12 elderly women enrolled in the Family Health Strategy (ESF) Vila Anália in the Municipality of Montes Claros / MG. The data were collected in the 2015, by semi-structured interview, transcribed in full and analyzed by the Thematic Content Analysis technique. Results: Most of the interviewed women have the empirical understanding of the preventive examination, considering it important, but many of them admit feelings of shame and fear when they undergo the examination. The orientation regarding the frequency of preventive exams is shared by health professionals, but many do not follow it. Conclusion: It is necessary to elaborate educational actions on the subject with a focus on the elderly women, in order to clarify the importance of the preventive examination and to stimulate women's proactiveness in the prevention of possible diseases


Objetivo: Descrever a percepção das mulheres idosas sobre o exame preventivo do câncer de colo de útero (PCCU). Método: Estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa, cujos sujeitos foram 12 idosas cadastradas na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) Vila Anália no Município de Montes Claros/ MG. Os dados foram coletados no ano de 2015, por entrevista semiestruturada, transcritas na íntegra e analisadas pela técnica de Análise de Conteúdo Temática. Resultados: A maioria das idosas entrevistadas possui o entendimento empírico sobre o exame preventivo, considerando-o importante, todavia muitas delas indagam sentimentos de vergonha e medo ao se submeterem ao exame. A orientação quanto à periodicidade da realização do preventivo é feita pelos profissionais de saúde, porém muitas não o realizam. Conclusão: Torna-se necessária a elaboração de ações educativas sobre a temática junto às idosas, no intuito de esclarecer a importância do exame preventivo e estimular o protagonismo da mulher frente à prevenção dos possíveis agravos


Objetivo: Describir la percepción de las mujeres mayores sobre el examen preventivo del cáncer de cuello de útero (PCCU). Método: Estudio descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo, cuyos sujetos fueron 12 ancianos registrados en la Estrategia Salud de la Familia (ESF) Vila Anália en el Municipio de Montes Claros / MG. Los datos fueron recolectados en el año 2015, por entrevista semiestructurada, transcritas en su totalidad y analizadas por la técnica de Análisis de Contenido Temático. Resultados: La mayoría de las ancianas entrevistadas tienen el entendimiento empírico sobre el examen preventivo, considerándolo importante, sin embargo muchas de ellas indagan sentimientos de vergüenza y miedo al someterse al examen. La orientación en cuanto a la periodicidad de la realización del preventivo es hecha por los profesionales de salud, pero muchas no lo realizan. Conclusión: Se hace necesaria la elaboración de acciones educativas sobre la temática junto a las ancianas, con el fin de esclarecer la importancia del examen preventivo y estimular el protagonismo de la mujer frente a la prevención de los posibles agravios


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Idoso , Teste de Papanicolaou , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos
18.
Georgian Med News ; (292-293): 21-25, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560657

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to assess oral health status and its correlations with the general health in older adults living in residential houses in Georgia. The study was conducted in 2017-2018 years based on WHO recommendations. The study got approval from bioethical council of National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, protocol #2017-039, 28.06.2017y. 300 voluntary residents from various residential houses for older people (aged 65 years and more) were observed in regions of Georgia: "Basiliada" (Tbilisi), residential home of municipality of Samtredia, (Imereti), residential home "Carefree old age" (Kakheti). Age groups were divided as following: 65-74; 75-84; 85<. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.0 was used for statistical analysis. DMFT was assessed to be 28.74. Significantly high prevalence of needs of prosthetic treatment 91.1% (p=0.0005), full edentulism 36.2% (p=0.0049), participants with the extraction of more than 20 teeth 81.3% (p=0.0000) and unsatisfactory oral hygiene 39.3% (p=0.0003) were observed. Prevalence of systemic diseases was assessed as the following: cardiovascular disease - 56%, gastroenterologycal diseases - 6%, diabetes - 2.9%, respiratory disease - 8.4%, oncological disease - 6.7%, dementia - 24.2 %.( p<0.005). Cardiovascular system diseases appeared to be one of the most commonly encountered diseases in dental practice. Based on the study results new program was created "Improve of oral hygiene of older adults living in residential homes in Georgia" in order to increase their access to the dental care, including preventive dental care and improve oral health related quality of life.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , República da Geórgia , Instalações de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Doenças Periodontais/patologia , Qualidade de Vida
19.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol ; 33(2): 205-226, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547979

RESUMO

Hip fractures are common among older people, and the prognosis is serious in terms of mobility, independence in daily life activities, and cognition, with 42% of patients never achieving the same function as before the fracture. Norway has the highest incidence of hip fractures, and the important tasks are to improve patient care and prevent new fractures. The aim was to develop Norwegian Guidelines for Interdisciplinary Care for Hip Fractures, which included models of care, organization, and clinical issues. These guidelines were based on review of the literature, including existing guidelines such as the NICE guidelines, as well as clinical experience of the members of the group, where consensus was reached after discussions. The guidelines focus on interdisciplinary patient management through a clinical pathway from admission to discharge. Here, we will present a shortened and internationally adapted version of these guidelines, which has newly been released.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Organizacionais , Noruega/epidemiologia , Ortopedia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
20.
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol ; 33(2): 278-289, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547983

RESUMO

In view of the high imminent risk of having subsequent fractures after a fracture, early evaluation and treatment decisions to prevent subsequent fractures are advocated. After a hip fracture, the fracture liaison service (FLS) and orthogeriatric care are considered the most appropriate organisational approaches for secondary fracture prevention following a recent fracture. Their introduction and implementation have been shown to increase evaluation and treatment of patients at high risk for subsequent fracture. Of real-world cohort studies, most, but not all studies, indicate a lower incidence of fracture and longer survival after treatment with nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Secundária , Idoso , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Assistência Centrada no Paciente
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