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Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e53035, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1406373


RESUMO Talvez, o homem seja o único dos entes a ter e a estabelecer relações com certos 'objetos' que ultrapassam a sua realidade material transcendendo-a para designar outra realidade para além da física. Dentre eles, poderíamos caracterizar como sendo 'Objetos Transcendentes' (e. g. Deus, por excelência, assim como o Demônio e outras entidades deste universo, quer passíveis de aceitação, aversão ou rejeição) aqueles que constituem a base para o desenvolvimento de sentimentos e de ideias religiosas e podem, também, ser entendidos (na sua origem, sentido e função) sob perspectiva da psicanálise. Nesse sentido, delimitando nossa proposta de análise, este artigo se propõe a analisar estes objetos a partir do ponto de vista de Sigmund Freud almejando e, com isto, analisar sua origem nos processos de sublimação da sexualidade e nos processos projetivos e identificatórios que caracterizam o desenvolvimento emocional do ser humano. Tal compreensão pode auxiliar na compreensão e intervenção clínica com aqueles que se relacionam com esses objetos ocupam um lugar central em seus modos de ser e estar no mundo, bem como com área da psicologia da religião em suas investigações.

RESUMEN Quizás, el Hombre es la única de las entidades que tiene y establece relaciones con ciertos 'objetos' que van más allá de su realidad material, trascendiéndola para designar otra realidad además de la física. Entre ellos, podríamos caracterizar como 'Objetos Trascendentes' (ej. Dios, por excelencia, así como el Demonio y otras entidades de este universo, ya sean sujetos a aceptación, aversión o rechazo) a aquellos que constituyen la base para el desarrollo de los sentimientos y ideas religiosas y también pueden ser entendidas (en su origen, significado y función) por el psicoanálisis. En este sentido, delimitando nuestra propuesta de análisis, este artículo propone analizar estos objetos desde el punto de vista de Sigmund Freud apuntando y, con ello, analizar su origen en los procesos de sublimación de la sexualidad y en los procesos proyectivos e identificativos que caracterizan el desarrollo emocional de los seres humanos. Tal comprensión puede ayudar en la comprensión e intervención clínica con quienes se relacionan con estos objetos que ocupan un lugar central en sus formas de ser y estar en el mundo, así como con el área de Psicología de la Religión en sus investigaciones.

ABSTRACT Perhaps, man is the unique entity to have and establish relationships with certain 'objects' that go beyond their material reality, transcending it to designate another reality beyond the physical. Among them, we could characterize as 'Transcendent Objects' (e.g. God, par excellence, such as the Devil and other entities belonging to this universe, whether subject to acceptance, aversion or rejection) those responsible for constituting the basis for developing feelings and religious ideas, and they can also be understood (in their origin, sense and function) from the perspective of psychoanalysis. Therefore, delimiting our proposal of analysis, this article aimed to analyze such objects from the point of view of Sigmund Freud, thus, analyzing their origin in the processes of sublimation of sexuality and in the projective and identification processes that characterize the emotional development of the human being. Such understanding can assist in clinical intervention of cases where there is a personal relationship or a centrality of these objects in personal experiences, as well as with the area of psychology of religion in its investigations.

Religião , Conhecimento , Teoria Freudiana , Psicanálise , Sexualidade/psicologia , Cultura , Mecanismos de Defesa , Compreensão , Relações Pai-Filho , Moral
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275068, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206270


Covid-19 has been affecting people's lives on a social, economic, emotional, and sexual level. This study aims to investigate any change in how couples formed during the pandemic got to know the partner and experienced sexuality, including factors that could have influenced those changes in comparison with a pre-pandemic period. Particularly, focus groups (N = 26 women) were conducted and an online questionnaire (N = 120; 41 men and 79 women) was administered. Given the exploratory qualitative nature of the present research, no specific hypothesis was tested. Most of the sample reported an increase in sexual desire, sexual frequency, and quality of intercourse, perceiving an early development of intimacy. The results highlight the lack of stress and fear of contagion. The intense state of euphoria, typical of the initial phase of the relationship, has perhaps allowed the couples to overcome the obstacles due to the restrictions. This study underlines the role of being in love in the survival of the species, as it allows for the creation of steady relationships even in moments of danger.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
JAMA ; 328(14): 1397-1398, 2022 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094525


In this narrative medicine essay, an addiction medicine fellow's encounter with a man feeling shame for contracting monkeypox reaffirms his initial desire to pursue medicine­to "help eradicate prejudice in health care.".

Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Vergonha , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
Psychooncology ; 31(10): 1745-1752, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986590


OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in India. Medical advancements have led to increased survival. However, sexuality and sexual concerns remain as major worries of patients after treatment. This study aims to understand the psychosexual experiences of cervical cancer survivors. METHODS: Cervical cancer survivors (n = 30) aged 35-55 years were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule, after obtaining consent. The audio-recorded in-depth interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three major themes in each group namely sexually active and sexually inactive evolved on analysis. Three themes were derived under sexually active group namely (i) Enablers of active sexual functioning (ii) Impediments of active sexual functioning (iii) Sexual health communication. The three themes under sexually inactive include (i) Attributes of sexual abstinence (ii) Impact of sexual abstinence (iii) Barriers of sexual health communication. CONCLUSIONS: Both sexually active and inactive survivors in India experience various psychosexual concerns post cancer treatment indicating a strong need for psychosocial care and focused clinical interventions.

Sobreviventes de Câncer , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/psicologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
Soins Gerontol ; 27(156): 13-22, 2022.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926968


The sexual life of elderly people living in residential institutions for the dependent elderly (Ehpad) is a sensitive subject that is rarely discussed. Particular difficulties sometimes arise when they have cognitive problems. Affectivity and sexuality in old people's homes must be approached with tact and maturity by the carers. Sexuality belongs to private life, but its excesses are difficult to reconcile with collective life. Some proposals can be made on ethical issues and on the relationship with residents and their families.

Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Idoso , Emoções , Humanos , Sexualidade/psicologia
Clin Ter ; 173(4): 342-346, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857051


Background: Breast is a symbol of femininity, motherhood and sexuality. Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide and most frequent cancer in Italy: in 2019, 53.500 new cases were diagnosed. BC and its treatment, the disturbances of body image, and mental health problems such as anxiety and depression could influence sexuality. Very often the aspect of sexuality in BC is likely not to be fully investigated: cultural barriers may also contribute to lack of attention to these issues. In Italy, there are very few Breast Units that provide the figure of the sexologist and psycho-oncologist. Methods: We enlisted 141 BC patients (pts), mean age was 54 years afferent to Breast Unit S. Maria Goretti Hospital, Latina, from March 2019 to March 2020. All pts had undergone surgical intervention. Participants were invited to complete a structured questionnaire, which included four close-up questions regarding self-image, sexual activity, sexual satisfaction, analyzing these aspects before and after BC and its treatments. Finally the participants were asked if they needed the sexologist and psycho-oncologist. Results: Only 2/141 pts (1.41%) refused to participate in our study. Of 139 participants, 68 (48.92%) had disturbances of body image, 26 (18.7%) had sexuality greatly negatively affected, and 103 (74.1%) every kind of sexual dissatisfaction after BC. 38 pts (27.3%) would require the help of the sexologist. 135 ( 97%) would require the help of the psycho-oncologist. Despite the negative influence in their body-image and sexuality, few pts require the help of the sexologist, but nearly all pts require the help of the psycho-oncologist. Conclusion: In our study nearly all pts require the help of the psycho-oncologist, but few pts of the sexologist. Further studies will be needed to understand the reasons for this disparity: at the moment we are carrying out another project following this illustration, with the aim of understanding why this disparity.

Neoplasias da Mama , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Cicatriz , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
Nurse Educ Today ; 113: 105371, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524991


BACKGROUND: Sexual health is an important part of human physical health. Sexual wellbeing is a condition of physical, emotional, mental, and social ease concerning sexuality. Therefore, all health care professionals should respect, protect, and fulfil the sexual-health needs of a person. PURPOSE: This research aims to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and readiness of nursing students in assessing people's sexuality. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional descriptive research design was used to conduct this research. A stratified random sampling technique was used to recruit 195 nursing students from BSN (semester VI & VIII), Post RN (semester II & IV). Three self-administered tools Sexually Transmitted Diseases Knowledge Questionnaire (STD-KQ), Self-Addressing Sexual-Health (SA-SH), and Self-Addressing Sexual-Health History Taking was used to collect data from the participants. Data analysis was conducted on SPSS V-23. RESULT: Majority (111, 56.9%) of participants belong to the public sector as compared to the private. The majority of the students were female (n = 117, 60%). Most (153, 78.5%) of the participants were interested in people's sexual-health history taking; they had positive attitudes toward people's sexuality. Most (139, 71.3%) of the study participants were comfortable and ready to some extent to deal with sexual health issues. Religion, culture, and people's opposite-gender were identified barriers in assessing people's sexuality. CONCLUSION: This study identified that nursing students had insufficient knowledge regarding STDs, but they had positive attitudes toward addressing peoples' sexual-health concerns. Students are comfortable and ready to some extent to deal with sexual problems.

Saúde Sexual , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Sexualidade/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
BMC Med Ethics ; 23(1): 49, 2022 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505331


BACKGROUND: Sexual boundary violations (SBV) in healthcare are harmful and exploitative sexual transgressions in the professional-client relationship. Persons with mental health issues or intellectual disabilities, especially those living in residential settings, are especially vulnerable to SBV because they often receive long-term intimate care. Promoting good sexual health and preventing SBV in these care contexts is a moral and practical challenge for healthcare organizations. METHODS: We carried out a qualitative interview study with 16 Dutch policy advisors, regulators, healthcare professionals and other relevant experts to explore their perspectives on preventing SBV in mental health and disability care organizations. We used inductive thematic analysis to interpret our data. RESULTS: We found three main themes on how healthcare organizations can prevent SBV in mental health and disability care: (1) setting rules and regulations, (2) engaging in dialogue about sexuality, and (3) addressing systemic and organizational dimensions. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that preventing SBV in mental health and disability care organizations necessitates setting suitable rules and regulations and facilitating dialogue about positive aspects of sexuality and intimacy, as well as about boundaries, and inappropriate behaviors or feelings. Combining both further requires organizational policies and practices that promote transparency and reflection, and focus on creating a safe environment. Our findings will help prevent SBV and promote sexual health in mental health and disability care organizations.

Pessoas com Deficiência , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Organizações , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sexualidade/psicologia
Tog (A Coruña) ; 19(1): 44-46, mayo 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207069


El artículo muestra una guía orientada a profesionales de la salud cuyo objetivo es ordenar los problemas sexuales y dar herramientas sobre cómo abordar los mismos a través de la teoría del aprendizaje. El modelo conceptual de Annon ha posibilitado un mejor manejo de la situación a la hora de implementar un abordaje en la esfera sexual por parte de los profesionales, y a través de esta recensión se discute su uso pertinente en la actualidad. (AU)

The article shows a guide aimed at health professionals whose objective is to order sexual problems and provide tools on how to address them through learning theory. Annon’s conceptual model has made possible a better management when implementing a sexual oriented approach by professionals, so through this critical review, its pertinent use nowadays is discussed. (AU)

Humanos , Ciências da Saúde , Sexualidade/história , Sexualidade/psicologia , Terapia Ocupacional , Terapêutica/instrumentação , Terapêutica/métodos , Terapêutica/tendências
Cuestiones infanc ; 23(1): 49-59, Mayo 27, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1396152


La pandemia por COVID-19 llevó a un nuevo orden mundial. El afuera se convirtió en un espacio vedado, la premisa principal fue la convivencia absoluta con una familia o la soledad del hogar, aparecieron el temor al contagio y la muerte que nos comunicaban a diario. El aislamiento como condición llevó a la virtualidad como posibilidad de conectarnos con otros, de explorar desde dentro y de sobrellevar de algún modo el encierro. La virtualidad como dispositivo de encuentro atravesó todas las áreas, incluida la salud, mediante la teleconsulta o videollamada se sostuvieron los tratamientos o bien se iniciaron otros. En el presente trabajo se analizarán las sesiones virtuales con una joven que llega a tratamiento psicoanalítico por pedido de su madre, con el fin de entrecruzar la sintomatología que permite la apertura de una demanda propia y los trabajos psíquicos adolescentes desde el interior de su cuarto AU

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a new world order. The outside became a barred territory and the main premise was full-time coexistence with all the household members or a life in the solitude of the household. The fear of contagion and death appeared as a result of daily reports. Isolation as a condition led to virtual communication as a way to connect with others, to explore from the inside and somehow endure lockdown. The virtual realm as a meeting point was used across all areas, including healthcare ⎯oldtreatments continued and new treatments started through teleconsultations or video calls. The present paper analyzes the virtual sessions of a young girl starting psychoanalytic treatment at the request of her mother in order to intertwine the symptoms enabling a personal demand and adolescent psychic work from inside her room AU

La pandémie de COVID-19 a conduit à un nouvel ordre mondial. L'extérieur se convertit en un espace clos, la prémisse principale devenait la coexistence absolue avec une famille ou la solitude du foyer, laissant apparaitre quotidiennement la peur de la contagion et de la mort. L'isolement en tant que condition a conduit à la virtualité en tant quepossibilité de se connecter aux autres, d'explorer de l'intérieur et de faire face d'une manière ou d'une autre à l'enfermement. La virtualité comme dispositif de rencontre traversait tous les domaines, y compris celui de la santé : grâce à la téléconsultation ou à l'appel vidéo, certains traitements pouvaient être maintenus tandis que d'autres modalités pouvaient apparaitre.Dans le présent travail, les séances virtuelles avec une jeune femme qui vient en cure psychanalytique à la demande de sa mère seront analysées, afin de croiser la symptomatologie que permet l'ouverture de son propre processus et le travail psychique adolescent depuis l'intérieur de sa chambre AU

A pandemia da COVID-19 levou a uma nova ordem mundial. A vida externa virou espaço proibido, a prioridade principal foi a convivência absoluta com a família ou a solidão da casa. Aparecerem o temor ao contágio e a morte que nos comunicavam diariamente. O isolamento como condição fez com que a virtualidade se tornasse possibilidade de conectarmos com os outros, de explorarmos a vida a partir de dentro e de suportarmos de algum modo o fato de estarmos isolados. O envolvimento virtual por meio de plataformas de comunicação digital abrangeu todas as áreas, incluindo a saúde: mediante as consultas online e as vídeos chamadas, alguns continuaram os tratamentos, outros iniciaram naquele novo formato. No presente trabalho são analisadas as sessões virtuais com uma adolescente que iniciou o tratamento psicanalítico a pedido de sua mãe, entrelaçando a sintomatologia que permite a abertura de uma demanda própria e os trabalhos psíquicos adolescentes desde o interior de seu quarto AU

Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Isolamento Social/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Argentina , Puberdade/psicologia , Consulta Remota , Sexualidade/psicologia , Redes Sociais Online
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(4)2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35454364


Urinary incontinence (UI) is a very common condition, negatively affecting social, occupational, domestic, and psychophysical wellbeing. In particular, a peculiar and detrimental effect of UI has been described concerning sexual function. However, the impact of UI on quality of life is not fully understood yet, and further investigation into this issue is warranted. With this narrative review, we aimed to report the current evidence from recent literature regarding the quality of life and psychological wellbeing in patients with urinary incontinence, with a special focus on sexual function and its evolution after UI treatment. There is strong evidence that urinary incontinence-in its different forms, including stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence, mixed urinary incontinence, and coital urinary incontinence-negatively affects female sexual function. Treatments aimed to cure urinary incontinence-including pelvic floor muscles training, medications, and surgery-seem to improve quality of life by recovering, at least in part, sexual function. In conclusion, there is a substantial association between involuntary urinary loss and sex life quality. However, few studies are available and more evidence is needed before consistent conclusions can be made.

Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Incontinência Urinária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Incontinência Urinária/complicações , Incontinência Urinária/psicologia
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457641


The objective of this systematic review is to make an inventory of the representations of the professionals of specialized institutions on the sexuality of persons with intellectual disabilities. The scientific studies were identified according to the PRISMA protocol using 18 databases, with keywords on sexuality and parenthood. Studies were reviewed through a methodological assessment and then a thematic analysis. Twenty-four studies were reviewed and three themes were identified: professionals' representations of gender, sexuality, and consent; professionals' perceptions of their role in supporting people's sexual lives; and the ways in which professionals construct representations of people's sexual lives. This corpus highlights deep paradoxes in the representations of professionals concerning the socio-affective needs and sexuality of people with intellectual disabilities, creating what we could define as a "system of incompatibility" and leading to difficulties in positioning. Support is still too random and subject to control logics in the name of protecting users, who are perceived as vulnerable. Training and new ways of teamwork appear to be central to supporting the evolution of the representations and practices of professionals. Future research anchored in practices and involving users as well as professionals is necessary to better understand the paradoxical aspects of professionals' representations and to draw alternative ways of constructing these representations.

Deficiência Intelectual , Pessoas com Deficiência Mental , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade/psicologia
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(4): 1993-2002, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414149


This cross-sectional study investigated whether depression, self-esteem, and resilience (mental health indicators) are associated with some psychological features of sexuality (sexual fear, sexual anxiety, sexual dissatisfaction, and sexual body image worries) in a sample of 462 transgender men and women from Brazil. Pearson's correlations were performed between all continuous variables in the study. Those that were significantly associated with the psychological features of sexuality in previous analyses were tested as independent variables in multiple linear regression models. Sexual fear, sexual anxiety, sexual dissatisfaction, and sexual body image worries were negatively related to self-esteem and resilience, while positively related to depression. Higher levels of depression were associated with sexual fear, while higher levels of depression and lower self-esteem were associated with sexual anxiety. In addition, higher levels of depression and lower levels of resilience were associated with sexual dissatisfaction. Depression and resilience were associated with the composite score of sexual dissatisfaction and sexual anxiety. Our results suggest that negative mental health indicators may impair the sexual life of transgender individuals. Clinical interventions should be developed and tested to address the psychological features of sexuality.

Resiliência Psicológica , Pessoas Transgênero , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Sexualidade/psicologia
Int Rev Neurobiol ; 162: 135-170, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397784


Sexual needs and sexuality in older adults continues to be a neglected area of clinical intervention, particularly in longer term care settings. This is often due to older adults in long term care beds presenting with increased frailty, and often with significant neurocognitive disorders, making it difficult for care staff to evaluate the capacity of an older adult resident to participate in sexual activities or a sexual relationship. Talking about sexuality, intimacy and sexual health can be embarrassing at any age and sex is often still considered taboo for people who live in care homes. The World Health Organization recently declared that sexual health is a central aspect of life and that each individual has the right to love and be loved, to receive appropriate information and treatment, and to enable intimate relationships and personal control over sexual behavior. This chapter explores sexual behaviors, and barriers to this, in later life, and focuses on the sexual behavior of care home residents with Parkinson's disease. Reasons for sexual dysfunction, potential age-related changes to sexual functioning, along with issues such as changes to body image, intimacy and hyper sexuality, are examined for people with Parkinson's disease. Recommendations for practice are given, and acknowledge that older people may still want to be sexually active or intimate is the first step to addressing the issues and overcoming any barriers.

Demência , Doença de Parkinson , Idoso , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais , Sexualidade/psicologia
J Appl Gerontol ; 41(6): 1615-1624, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324364


Sexual well-being refers to the evaluation of one's sexuality. We examined the association of enjoyment of sexuality with longevity and the moderating role of perceived importance of sexuality in this association. In the population-based Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam, the survival of initially 55-84-year-olds was followed during 27 years. Complete data were available for 1042 participants (45.3%). Analyses were adjusted for health-related and psychosocial covariates. 60% of the participants experienced their sexuality as enjoyable and 44% as important. Enjoyment of sexuality was weakly, positively associated with longevity (B[CI] = 0.29[-0.004;0.58]). Perceived importance modified this association: only in those who perceived sexuality as important, the association between enjoyment and longevity was statistically significant (B[CI] = 0.78[0.29;1.27]). Positive affect, functional limitations, emotional loneliness, self-rated health, sense of mastery and alcohol consumption accounted for 35% of the latter association. Interventions may target older adults who perceive sexuality as important but not enjoyable.

Longevidade , Prazer , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
Fam Process ; 61(2): 456-475, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35342945


In our work at the Intimacies Project at The Ackerman Institute for the Family we became aware of a gap in attention about sexuality and aging in the couple and family therapy field. In this article, we provide an integrative framework to guide therapists on how to address problems of sexuality and aging in the therapy room. Starting from considerations about the social context of aging and the self of the therapist, we contend that when normative sexual challenges become entangled with stigma, misconceptions about sexuality, limiting gender narratives, vulnerabilities, and defensive postures, they often result in emotional and sexual shutdowns. Through a combination of the vulnerability cycle with an expansive definition of sexuality, we demonstrate how we deconstruct impasses, disentangle normative quandaries from reactive dynamics, and help couples transform their sexual narratives. We outline how we conduct individual sessions to obtain relational sexual histories, utilize Sensate Focus as a mindful touch exercise, and help partners expand their sexual menus beyond penetration and orgasms. We also describe relational skills that may need to be strengthened to help aging couples deal with the ebb and flow of intimacy, sustaining resilience over time.

Terapia de Casal , Parceiros Sexuais , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
Perspect Psychol Sci ; 17(4): 960-978, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35171743


Gender differences in sexuality have gained considerable attention both within and outside of the scientific community. We argue that one of the main unacknowledged reasons for these differences is simply that women experience substantially worse sex than men do. Thus, in examinations of the etiology of gender differences in sexuality, a confound has largely been unacknowledged: Women and men are treated to different experiences of what is called "sexuality" and "having sex." We discuss four arenas in which women's experience of sexuality may often be worse than men's: (a) anatomical differences, (b) sexual violence, (c) stigma, and (d) masculine cultures of sexuality. Then we consider how each disparity might explain well-known gender differences in sexuality.

Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 19-25, feb. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388706


OBJETIVO: El presente artículo busca conocer cómo los profesionales conciben la sexualidad de mujeres en etapa de climaterio, enfatizando aspectos relativos a la salud sexual, al deseo sexual y a los problemas de la sexualidad. MÉTODOS: Enfoque cualitativo basado en la Teoría Fundamentada (Grounded Theory). Se realizaron diez entrevistas en profundidad a profesionales de dos Centros de Salud Familiar (CESFAM) del sector sur de Santiago. RESULTADOS: Los resultados muestran que, si bien existe cierta tendencia a concebir el climaterio desde un punto de vista biologicista centrada principalmente en la "falla hormonal", los/as profesionales muestran diversos grados de reflexividad respecto a cómo aspectos socioculturales, económicos y de género moldean la sexualidad de mujeres en la etapa de climaterio. CONCLUSIONES: Los/as profesionales asumen posturas críticas respecto al rol de las instituciones y programas en salud, a las limitaciones laborales en los centros de salud (por ej. materiales, tiempo, etc.) y a la formación profesional. Este artículo promueve la formulación de políticas de salud en la materia, así como la revisión de los planes de estudio de las carreras de la salud.

OBJECTIVE: This article aims to examine how professional practitioners view womens sexuality in the climacteric stage, emphasizing aspects related to sexual health, sexual desire, and sexual disorders. METHODS: Qualitative approach based on the Grounded Theory. Ten in-depth interviews were conducted with professionals from two Family Health Centers (CESFAM) in southern Santiago. RESULTS: The results show that, although there is a certain tendency to approach the climacteric from a biological viewpoint focused mainly on the “ovarian failure”, practitioners show different degrees of reflexivity regarding how sociocultural, economic and gender aspects shape womens sexuality in the climacteric stage. CONCLUSIONS: Practitioners adopt critical positions regarding the role of health institutions and programs, work limitations in health centers, and the practitioners training. This article promotes the development of health policies in the matter, as well as the revision of study plans of health careers.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Climatério/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Envelhecimento , Chile , Entrevista , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Saúde Sexual
Support Care Cancer ; 30(6): 4583-4586, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028716


Ovarian cancer (OC) can significantly impact sexual functioning beyond initial treatment and into survivorship. However, research suggests that the information and advice women want on this topic may not be readily provided by health professionals (HPs). We explored the psychological and sexual wellbeing of a sample of Australian women diagnosed with OC, to inform the development of effective, targeted sexuality resources. This paper presents a subset of our findings. Participants were recruited nationwide via social media, print advertisement and the database of a support organisation, Ovarian Cancer Australia. Self-reported demographic and clinical survey data were collected including perceptions of the availability and adequacy of sexuality support post-OC. Participants (n = 98) were on average 52.8 years old and 5.5 years post-diagnosis. A minority (22%) reported that the impact of OC on their sexuality was discussed by HPs; and 46% were satisfied with that discussion. Approximately half (52%) had wanted to discuss sexuality concerns with a HP during treatment and 43% still felt the need for this discussion. Open-ended responses revealed the need for more information that was detailed and specified what to expect post-diagnosis. Shortcomings of HPs in addressing sexuality were also revealed. This research provides further evidence that sexual health remains inadequately addressed in OC care across the trajectory for the majority of women, and is an area of unmet need.

Neoplasias Ovarianas , Saúde Sexual , Austrália , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
J Sex Med ; 19(2): 347-355, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35000889


BACKGROUND: Insecure Attachment style has been associated with interpersonal problems in persons with Anorexia Nervosa (AN), and it might moderate the recovery of healthy sexuality in these subjects. AIM: The aim of the present 2-year follow-up study was to evaluate the role of insecure attachment style as a moderator of the recovery of healthy sexuality in women with AN. METHODS: 63 Italian women with AN treated with a multidisciplinary approach including Enhanced Cognitive Behavior Therapy were evaluated by means of a clinical interview and self-administered questionnaires. Individual psychotherapy sessions were administered by experienced psychotherapists over the course of at least 40 weeks (median number of sessions = 43, range: 38-50); trained dieticians provided personalized nutritional counselling to facilitate weight recovery. The assessment was performed at baseline (T0) and after 1 (T1) and 2 (T2) years. OUTCOMES: The administered questionnaires investigated general psychopathology (SCL-90-R), eating disorder-specific psychopathology (EDE-Q), female sexuality (FSFI) and adult attachment style (ECR). RESULTS: At baseline, avoidant attachment style was associated with all domains of sexual dysfunction. Longitudinal analysis showed a significant decrease in both eating disorder-specific psychopathology and sexual dysfunctions at follow-up evaluations. However, only 45% of remitted subjects also recovered healthy sexuality: these women reported significantly lower avoidance scores than those who only recovered from AN. Moderation analysis indicated that sexual desire did not increase in participants with higher levels of avoidant attachment. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: These novel findings highlighted the importance of the assessment of adult attachment in the clinical setting, for better characterization and treatment of persons suffering from AN. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: The long follow-up duration, the multidisciplinary nature of the treatment, and the novelty of the topic were major strengths of the study, whereas the limited sample size and the absence of biological data were the main limitations. CONCLUSION: This study highlighted the crucial role of avoidant attachment in the relationship between AN and sexual dysfunctions, underlining the importance of integrating treatments with attachment-focused interventions. Cassioli E, Rossi E, Vizzotto C, et al. Avoidant Attachment Style Moderates the Recovery of Healthy Sexuality in Women With Anorexia Nervosa Treated With Enhanced Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT-E): A 2-Year Follow-Up Study. J Sex Med 2022;19:347-355.

Anorexia Nervosa , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Adulto , Anorexia Nervosa/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia