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1.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(2): 193-207, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552592

RESUMO

Is sexual activity during adolescence good for future romantic relationships? Objectives: The study examines the effects of different forms of sexual activity at the age of 16 on sexuality and the quality of romantic relationships at the age of 23. Methods: In a multimodal longitudinal study (diaries, questionnaires), 144 16-year-old adolescents (59.7 % female) reported on their sexual activities and their relationship status. At the age of 23, they reported on their romantic and sexual experiences in the past two years and the quality of their current romantic relationship. Regressions analyzed the predictive power of adolescent predictors for future sexuality and relationship quality. Results: For men and women, frequent non-committed sexual activities at the age of 16 consistently predicted a higher probability of participating in different patterns of non-committed sexual encounters and short relationship duration at the age of 23 years. Adolescents who were more satisfied in their romantic relationships had more stable, longer-lasting partner relationships at young adulthood. Discussion: The special role that non-committed sexual activities compared to sexual activities within a romantic relationship play in future sexual and romantic activities became clear. Parental influences were negligible.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Características da Família , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Poder Familiar , Pais/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(686): 539-542, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186799

RESUMO

HIV affection affects sexual function, sexual health and relationships as well as mental health and quality of life. Due to the importance of sexual health for each individual and in order to ensure optimal and quality care, we have assessed the demand for sexual health and advise not only among HIV patients but also among professionals in this area and nursing staff. The results showed that sexuality was important both for patients and caregivers. Also, we did find out that carers want to create a better professional network with the aim of redirecting patients to specialists according to their specific needs. Carers have also expressed a desire to have relevant training in sexology and sexual health to achieve this.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual , Sexualidade/psicologia , Cuidadores , Infecções por HIV/enfermagem , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
3.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095657

RESUMO

La sexualidad es inherente y acompaña durante todo el curso de la vida a los seres humanos, trasciende el acto sexual para abordar aspectos de orden físico, emocional y cultural. Objetivo. Analizar los factores asociados a la percepción de la sexualidad según características demográficas, emocionales y psicológicas en personas mayores de 60 años. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, observacional analítico, con fuente de información primaria a 665 personas de 60 años y más de la ciudad de Medellín, en el año 2018. Se determinaron las características demográficas, emocionales y psicológicas que permitieran conocer su percepción sobre sexualidad. Se calcularon medidas de asociación X2 y como medidas epide- miológicas, razones de prevalencia crudas y ajustadas. Resultados. Las personas que nunca se sintieron tristes consideraron importante la sexualidad (69,4 %), los hombres con una pareja estable, que no se sienten solos, con apoyo social también la consideraron como algo importante. Conclusiones. La importancia en la sexualidad de la persona mayor está determinada por estados anímicos, de estabilidad emocional y de integración social.


Sexuality is inherent and accompanies human beings throughout the course of life, transcends the sexual act, to address aspects of physical, emotional and cultural order. Objective. To analyze the factors associ- ated with the perception of sexuality according to demographic, emotional and psychological characteristics in people over 60 years of age. Materials and methods. A quantitative, analytical, observational study was conducted, with a primary source of information, to 665 people aged 60 and over, from the city of Medellin, in 2018. The demographic, emotional and psychological characteristics that allowed to know their percep- tion about sexuality. X2 association measures were calculated and as epidemiological measures, crude and adjusted prevalence ratios. Results. People who never felt sad considered sexuality important (69.4%), men with a stable partner, who do not feel alone, with social support also considered it important. Conclusions. The importance in the sexuality of the older person is determined by moods, emotional stability and social integration.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia
5.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1415-1436, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-995168

RESUMO

Este artigo trata da disputa gerada por profissionais identificados como "psicólogos cristãos" que defendem publicamente seu direito de oferecer auxílio terapêutico com o fim de reverter a homossexualidade. Esta polêmica adquiriu contornos particulares no Brasil, onde o Conselho Federal de Psicologia desde 1999 proíbe qualquer forma de patologização da orientação sexual. Com base na literatura especializada começamos por expor, por um lado, a trajetória da homossexualidade como objeto de discurso da Psicologia e, por outro, no campo evangélico. A seguir, explicamos a conformação da Psicologia como profissão regulamentada no Brasil. Em seguida, com base em fontes documentais de caráter público, examinamos a posição do Conselho Federal de Psicologia e analisamos as disputas jurídicas travadas por psicólogos que defendem seu direito a tratar a homossexualidade como expressão de desordem moral e desvio patológico. O antagonismo que emerge na polêmica em torno da chamada "cura gay" não opõe simplesmente ciência e religião, mas envolve atores públicos capazes de se localizar estrategicamente em um ou outro campo e de fazer uso do direito em seu favor. Sua capacidade de recolocar a homossexualidade como signo de desvio moral e transtorno mental constela a política sexual como questão de peso para a democracia brasileira.(AU)


This article examines the claims of professionals identified as "Christian psychologists" who publicly defend their right to offer therapy to "reverse homosexuality". This debate took shape when "conversion therapy" was banned by the Brazilian Federal Council of Psychology in 1999. Based on specialized literature, we begin by introducing, on the one hand, the itinerary of homosexuality as object of discourse in Psychology, and in the evangelical field, on the other. And we go on explaining the process of constitution of Psychology as a regulated practice in Brazil. Then, based on public records, we examine the stand taken by the Federal Council of Psychology, and analyze the legal claims made by psychologists who defend their right to treat homosexuality as a moral offense and a mental disorder. The antagonism that emerges in the so-called "gay cure" debate does not simply oppose science and religion but involves public actors capable of strategically placing themselves in one field or the other and use the Law in their favor. Their ability to consider homosexuality as a sign of moral deviance and a mental disorder places sexual politics as a significant issue with regards to Brazilian democracy.(AU)


Este artículo aborda la disputa generada por profesionales identificados como "psicólogos cristianos" que defienden públicamente su derecho a ofrecer apoyo terapéutico con el fin de revertir la homosexualidad. Esta polémica adquirió contornos particulares en Brasil, donde el Consejo Federal de Psicología desde 1999 prohíbe cualquier forma de patologización de la orientación sexual. Basándonos en literatura especializada, comenzamos por exponer, por un lado, la trayectoria de la homosexualidad como objeto de discurso de la Psicología y, por otro, en el campo evangélico. A continuación, explicamos la conformación de la Psicología como profesión reglamentada en Brasil. Luego, basándonso en fuentes documentales de carácter público, examinamos la posición del Consejo Federal de Psicología y analizamos las disputas jurídicas entabladas por psicólogos que defienden su derecho a tratar la homosexualidad como expresión de desorden moral y desvío patológico. El antagonismo que emerge en la polémica en torno de la llamada "cura gay" no opone simplemente ciencia y religión, sino que involucra actores públicos capaces de localizarse estratégicamente en uno u otro campo y de hacer uso del derecho a su favor. Su capacidad de re-colocar la homosexualidad como signo de desvío moral y trastorno mental constela la política sexual como cuestión de peso para la democracia brasileña.(AU)


Assuntos
Religião e Psicologia , Homossexualidade/psicologia , Cristianismo/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Psicologia
6.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 17(4): 123-129, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-189269

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent decades western countries have become more open about sexuality and sexual relations, and adolescents get information about these issues mainly through the internet, TV and social networks. Often such information is incomplete, wrong or even contradicts itself. What favors them to develop myths, false beliefs and/or negative attitudes about sexuality, love, equality in relationships, or Sexually Transmitted Infections. At the same time, the presence of myths favors double standards, sexism, and a negative attitude toward toward personal, partner and/or social sexuality. OBJECTIVES: To create a scale for evaluating the permanence of myths about sexuality in adolescents, and to analyze the structural reliability and validity of this scale. METHOD: The sample was formed by a pilot group (n=216) and a final group (n=661), both with adolescents from high schools in the province of Malaga, obtained by non-probability cluster sampling. The first 69 initial items were given to the pilot sample to determine the final questions making up the "Escala de Mitos sobre la Sexualidad". RESULT: All final items have an item-total correlation over 0.29. A final questionnaire was obtained of 27 items, grouped into 6 components. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient indicated a high internal consistency of the test (0.881). Moreover, it confirms a significant difference between the sexes and between grades (cohorts). CONCLUSION: The Scale has appropriate parameters for use in sex education and research. The use of this scale would help to discover adherence to the myths of adolescents, in order to eliminate them and build a solid, free and personal concept of sexuality


INTRODUCCIÓN: En las últimas décadas se ha producido una apertura respecto a la sexualidad y las relaciones sexuales en los países occidentales. Esto ha propiciado que los adolescentes obtengan información sobre estos temas principalmente en Internet, la televisión y las redes sociales. A menudo, esta información es incompleta, no es verídica o incluso puede llegar a ser contradictoria, lo que favorece que desarrollen mitos, creencias falsas o actitudes negativas sobre la sexualidad, el amor, la igualdad en las relaciones o las infecciones de transmisión sexual. Al mismo tiempo, la existencia de mitos favorece el doble rasero, el sexismo y una actitud negativa hacia la sexualidad personal, la de la pareja o la social. OBJETIVOS: Crear una escala para evaluar la existencia de mitos sobre sexualidad en adolescentes y analizar la fiabilidad y la validez estructural de esta escala. MÉTODO: La muestra estuvo formada por un grupo piloto (n=216) y otro final (n=661), ambos con adolescentes de institutos de la provincia de Málaga, obtenidos mediante muestreo por conglomerados no probabilísticos. Se pasaron los 69 ítems iniciales a la muestra piloto para establecer aquellos enunciados finales que compondrían la Escala de Mitos sobre la Sexualidad. RESULTADO: Todos los ítems finales tienen una correlación ítem-total superior a 0,29. Se obtuvo un cuestionario final de 27 ítems, agrupados en 6 componentes. El coeficiente alfa de Cronbach indicó una elevada coherencia interna de la prueba (0,881). Además, se confirmó una diferencia importante entre sexos y entre los cursos académicos (cohortes). CONCLUSIÓN: La Escala de Mitos sobre la Sexualidad presenta parámetros adecuados para ser utilizada en educación sexual y en investigación. El uso de esta escala ayudaría a descubrir la adhesión a los mitos de los adolescentes, para eliminarlos y construir un concepto de sexualidad sólido, libre y personal


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Autorrelato , Educação Sexual , Sexualidade/psicologia , Cultura
7.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 300(6): 1813-1819, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712892

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pregnancy is a process during which anatomical, physiological, and emotional changes occur. During this process, the sex lives of couples can be affected. Possible depressive symptoms and female sexual dysfunction can affect the relationship between partners, pregnancy-delivery process, and as a result, the newborn. The objective in the present study was to evaluate the relationship of female sexuality during pregnancy with sociodemographic parameters and depressive symptoms. METHODS: 150 pregnant women during the second trimester of their pregnancy and age-matched 150 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Sociodemographic data were recorded. "Female Sexual Function Index" (FSFI) was used to evaluate sexual functions and "Beck Depression Inventory" (BDI) was used to evaluate depressive symptoms. The data were analysed using SPSS 23 statistical software. The results were interpreted with "Independent Samples t Test", Spearman's Rho correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U analysis and Chi-square test, and a p value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: It was detected that FSFI score of the pregnant group was lower compared to that of the non-pregnant group (16.953 ± 8.24; p = 0.000). There was no difference between the groups in terms of BDI scores (p = 0.100). There was no relationship between the FSFI score and the BDI score in the pregnant group (r = - 0.087; p = 0.144). CONCLUSION: It was found that female sexual dysfunction occurs in pregnant women, depressive symptoms remained unchanged when compared to non-pregnant women and sexual functions remain unaffected.


Assuntos
Depressão/etiologia , Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(11): 1553-1563, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719277

RESUMO

Background: Premature ejaculation (PE) is a sexual dysfunction causing female sexual dissatisfaction that eventually leads to poor quality of life in both partners. Aims: To show the presence of depression, anxiety, sexual function disorders and their prevalence in spouses of males with PE living in Eastern Turkey. Materials and Methods: Ninety male patients suffering from PE who referred to the andrology clinic between January 2016 and March 2017 and diagnosed with PE (Acquired Premature ejaculation) according to the DSM-IV criteria and their partners were included in the study. Male patients answered the PE Profile, Arabic Index of PE, PE Diagnostic Tool, and Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX) Questionnaires. Spouses of male patients with PE answered the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory Questionnaires. SPSS software version 21.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Our study revealed a positive correlation between the PE profile and partners' depression levels (P = 0.03). Also, the average ASEX Scale score of the both genders suggest that patients and partners believe they did not have a severe sexual function disorder. Conclusions: PE can cause psychological problems in both males and females. However, reflection of this pathology can vary from one society to another.


Assuntos
Ejaculação Precoce/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/epidemiologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ejaculação Precoce/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
10.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 27(2): 1669338, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609191

RESUMO

This article discusses political setbacks related to sexual and reproductive health and rights that have occurred in Brazil in the last 5 years (2014-2018) resulting from the significant role played by Christian (Evangelical and Catholic) parliamentarians in the legislative branch. Political initiatives aimed at prohibiting the affirmation of sexual and reproductive rights, while also curtailing debate about sexuality and gender in schools and universities, have raised "moral panic" within some elements of Brazilian society. The discursive strategies used around so-called "gender ideology" stimulated the formation of civil organisations which promote morality based on right-wing political positions. For this study, we looked at official documents and bibliographic material to examine how issues related to abortion rights, health care in cases of sexual violence, the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and homosexual citizenship are currently being suppressed, compromising the defence and advancement of the sexual and reproductive rights of women and the LGBTI+ population. The results point to the steady weakening of public policies that had become law in the 1980s, a time of Brazilian re-democratisation after two decades of military dictatorship. A wide range of civil, political and social rights, which saw significant growth and consolidation over the last 20 years, were rolled back after the resurgence of the extreme right wing in the federal legislature, culminating in the election of the current president in October 2018. However, social movements have increased in strength in the last few decades, especially the black feminist and LGBTI+ rights movements. These movements continue to provide political resistance, striving to affirm and protect all sexual and reproductive rights achieved to date.


Assuntos
Catolicismo/psicologia , Princípios Morais , Política , Saúde Reprodutiva/ética , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/ética , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Saúde Reprodutiva/legislação & jurisprudência , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/legislação & jurisprudência
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1383-1388, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022100

RESUMO

Objective: The study's main purpose has been to assess the life transformations that occurred in seropositive women regarding their sexuality. Methods: This is an integrative literature review with descriptive characteristics and a qualitative approach, which has analyzed 7 articles published between 2008 and 2017, in the following databases SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE, BDENF and CUIDEN. Results: The presence of seropositivity in women has influenced their sexuality by revealing the following attitude changes: they were more likely to avoid relationships; they felt lonely or uncomfortable talking about HIV with their partners; they were afraid to spread the virus; they have addressed increasing their responsibility towards condom use, as well as negotiating with their partners to do the same. Conclusion: It was found that the HIV-positive diagnosis interferes directly with women's sexuality, then affecting loving relationships and modifying their quality of life


Objetivo: Investigar as transformações ocorridas em mulheres soropositivas frente à sua sexualidade. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa do tipo revisão integrativa, do qual foram analisados 7 artigos publicados entre os anos de 2008 e 2017, nas bases de dados Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, Bdenf e Cuiden. Resultados: A soropositividade em mulheres influenciou na sua sexualidade ao revelar as seguintes mudanças de atitudes: se fecharam para relacionamentos; se sentiram solitárias ou desconfortáveis para conversar sobre o HIV com o parceiro; apresentaram medo de contaminar; revelou aumento da responsabilidade do uso de preservativo e da negociação com o parceiro para uso do mesmo. Conclusão: Constatou-se que o diagnóstico de HIV positivo interfere diretamente na sexualidade feminina, afetando os relacionamentos afetivos e modificando sua qualidade de vida


Objetivo: Investigar las transformaciones ocurridas en mujeres seropositivas frente a su sexualidad. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con abordaje cualitativo del tipo revisión integrativa, del cual se analizaron 7 artículos publicados entre los años 2008 y 2017, en las bases de datos Scielo, Lilacs, Medline, Bdenf y Cuiden. Resultados: La seropositividad en mujeres influenció en su sexualidad al revelar los siguientes cambios de actitudes: se cerraron para relaciones; se sintieron solitarias o incómodas para conversar sobre el VIH con el compañero; presentaron miedo de contaminar; reveló un aumento de la responsabilidad del uso del preservativo y de la negociación con el socio para su uso. Conclusión: Se constató que el diagnóstico de VIH positivo interfiere directamente en la sexualidad femenina, afectando las relaciones afectivas y modificando su calidad de vida


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Soropositividade para HIV/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Saúde Sexual
12.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 257-271, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476995

RESUMO

Experience of disease, relationship and sexuality in patients with COPD Objectives: We aimed to determine the impacts of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the patient's relationship and sexuality. Methods: In a multicentric study 105, 52 of them female, non-selected COPD patients who were married or in a partnership were interviewed about their partnership and sexuality. Results: Average age was 64.1 ± 9.2 years. Patients with a more severe COPD had a lower Self-Illness-Separation (SIS), i. e. they reveal significantly higher burden of suffering. Life satisfaction and satisfaction with partnership, sexuality and sexual intercourse has decreased significantly since the diagnosis (p < 0.05). Desire and frequency to be sexually active have also decreased (p < 0.001). 61 % of the respondents felt increasingly dependent from their partner. Conclusion: The results underline that patients have a stage-dependent emotional distance to their illness, the partnership develops in direction of dependency, and sexuality deteriorates with increasing severity of the COPD. The PRISM test proved to be a great way to illustrate this development and to start a conversation with the patients about it. COPD patients and their partners should be referred to the potential impact of the disease on their partnership and sexuality and should be supported in their potential solutions considering gender-specific aspects.


Assuntos
Casamento/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Sexualidade/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 932019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perceptions of older people about sexuality are little known. This review aimed to synthesize and analyse studies investigating these perceptions in institutionalized and in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: A systematic search was developed in The Cochrane Library, Medline (Pubmed), PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science, ProQuest, Cuiden, and CINHAL of articles published in both English and Spanish until April 2018. RESULTS: 1.122 articles were found, of which 11 met the inclusion criteria. Based on these articles, older people wanted to preserve active sexuality. The social stereotypes, the association between sexuality and fertility and marital duty, the lack of privacy, and the harms of relatives and professionals. The older male gay and bisexual or people with HIV reflected as a barrier to the fear of disclosing their sexual orientation or any disease, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Older people believe sexuality as something positive and as a desire that they still want to express. The social stereotypes, the harms of the people with whom they live, the lack of privacy, and the association between sexuality and fertility and marital duty are considered as barriers to the expression of their sexual desire. Social and health care policies should take these considerations into account.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Sexualidade/psicologia , Percepção Social , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
14.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 561-567, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488791

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Female sexuality may be affected by many somatic and psychological factors. Somatic conditions have impact on psychological well-being. We assumed that chronic disease like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), when producing the long-term distress, may greatly influence sexual functioning. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether the severity of IBS influences sexual functions of women and take into consideration other factors like Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) comorbidity and duration of IBS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study patients were recruited by contacting IBS patients at Gastroenterology Ward of Clinical University Centre in Katowice. The survey consisted of 3 parts. The first part were socio-demographic questions. The second part was polish translation of Female Sexuality Functions Index (FSFI) questionnaire. The third part consisted of questions about the patient condition, pharmacotherapy and Irritable Bowel Syndrome Severity Score (IBSSS) questionnaire. 307 women were included in the study and completed the questionnaire. 143 participants were diagnosed with IBS. The mean age of participants was 27 (IQR=23-33). 29% of the patients (n=41) had severe, 47% (n=68) moderate and 24% (n=34) mild IBS. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual dysfunctions was greater in women with IBS (48%) than in healthy control group (23%) (p<0.001). The median of FSFI was: 30.1 (26.3-32.8) for healthy control group, 30 (23.5-32.6) for mild IBS, 26.2 (22.2-31.6) for moderate and 24.4 (20.1-28.9) for severe. CONCLUSION: IBS decreases all domains of women sexual activity. Severity of sexual dysfunctions relate to intensity of IBS symptoms. All physicians treating IBS-patients should take sexual dysfunctions into their clinical consideration.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/complicações , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/complicações , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/complicações , Sexualidade/psicologia , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Intestinos/microbiologia , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/microbiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/psicologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/psicologia
15.
Psicooncología (Pozuelo de Alarcón) ; 16(2): 375-385, sept. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187722

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar la percepción de los hombres con cáncer de próstata acerca de su sexualidad. Método: Investigación cualitativa y descriptiva, realizada en un centro de tratamiento radioterápico y una enfermería de urología, ambos de un hospital público de Río de Janeiro. En el estudio participaron 34 hombres con diagnóstico de cáncer de próstata, a través de una entrevista individual semiestructurada. Los datos fueron examinados según análisis temático de contenido. El estudio obtuvo aprobación por el comité de ética en investigación nº 2.250.571 de 2017. Resultado: Después del análisis, se originaron 3 categorías empíricas tituladas: cáncer de próstata: cuestiones de la identidad masculina; enfrentándose a la enfermedad; y repercusiones conyugales. Consideraciones finales: En la óptica de los participantes del estudio, tanto la noticia de la enfermedad como el tratamiento pueden afectar la actividad sexual y repercutió como una experiencia negativa y pérdida de la identidad masculina


Objective: To analyze the perception of men with prostate cancer about their sexuality. Method: Qualitative and descriptive research performed at a radiotherapy center and a urology ward, both from a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Thirty-four men diagnosed with prostate cancer participated in the study through a semi-estructured individual interview. The data were examined according to the thematic content analysis. The study was approved by the research ethics committee No. 2,250,571 of 2017. Outcome: After analysis, three empirical categories emerged: "prostate cancer: questions of male identity; facing the disease; and marital repercussions". Final considerations: From the study participants’ perspective, both the news of the disease and the treatment can affect sexual activity and have repercussions as a negative experience and loss of male identity


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Sexualidade/psicologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , 25783 , Entrevistas como Assunto
16.
J Youth Adolesc ; 48(10): 1938-1951, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446586

RESUMO

Sexual/gender minority (Sexual/gender minority people are also referred to as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer) youth are more likely than cisgender heterosexual youth to exhibit depressive symptoms and be victimized. School climate research indicates that the presence of a Gay-Straight Alliance (a Gay-Straight Alliance or Gender-Sexuality Alliance is also referred to as a GSA and is a youth group to support sexual/gender minority youth), a supportive school climate, and seeking help from teachers are associated with more positive mental health outcomes; however, they are not typically measured together. This study uses a survey that measures all four measures of school environment with a national sample of 240 sexual/gender minority high school students ages 14-18 (mean age 15.77) where 53% of participants had a Gay-Straight Alliance in their school. The sample is 53% cisgender, 100% sexual minority and 62% white. Adjusting for demographics and presence of a Gay-Straight Alliance, fewer depressive symptoms were associated with lower help-seeking intentions for suicidal thoughts. The presence of Gay-Straight Alliance was not statistically associated with past-month help-seeking intentions or behaviors. Additionally, a more supportive school climate was associated with lower anxiety and depressive symptoms. However, the presence of a Gay-Straight Alliance was not statistically associated with anxiety or depressive symptoms. These findings suggest that a supportive school climate and supportive school personnel may be important for supporting the mental health of sexual/gender minority students.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Preconceito/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Heterossexualidade/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia
17.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03482, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Family Health Strategy nurses regarding sexuality in old age. METHOD: Cross-sectional, exploratory, descriptive, quantitative study with nurses of the Family Health Strategy of the city of Sobral-CE. The instruments used were a socio-demographic and professional questionnaire and the Aging Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Scale, Brazilian version. Data were processed in GraphPad Prism 5®, and the significance level was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The participants were 56 nurses, most of them female, young adults, who reported they were able to provide orientations about sexuality. The mean score in the knowledge dimension was 29.95 (SD=2.21), in a range of 20 to 60; the mean score in the attitude dimension was 27.14 (SD=2.19), in a range of eight to 40. Participants who declared receiving permanent health education and conducting health education on sexuality presented a significantly favorable knowledge, but no statistically significant attitude. CONCLUSION: Nurses have adequate knowledge about sexuality in old age, but still present conservative attitudes. Investing in processes of continuing health education can improve the knowledge and practice of nurses.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem/métodos , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 49(12): 4834-4846, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463632

RESUMO

Current understandings of the sexuality of autistic females have been predominantly drawn from qualitative studies. This study aimed to quantitatively examine the sexual functioning of autistic females (N = 135), by comparing these to the sexual interest, behaviours, and experiences to 96 autistic males and 161 typically developing females. Autistic females reported less sexual interest, yet more experiences than autistic males. More autistic females also reported engaging in sexual behaviours that were later regretted, unwanted, or receiving unwanted sexual advances. Differences between autistic and typically developing females were significant. Results indicate that due to a mismatch between less sexual interest, yet increased sexual behaviours, autistic women are at greater risk of negative sexual experiences including victimisation and abuse than autistic men.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Vítimas de Crime , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
19.
MedEdPORTAL ; 15: 10828, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259237

RESUMO

Introduction: The Institute of Medicine's 2011 report on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) health and the legalization of same-sex marriage are just two of the numerous milestones that have hastened medical schools' efforts to prepare trainees to address the needs of LGBT community members. Early awareness of sexual diversity through self- and peer introspection and video-based education can help trainees build a foundation towards providing affirming care to LGBT patients. Methods: The Kern model was used to develop, implement, and evaluate an interactive multimodal workshop to provide first-year medical students with a formative introduction to LGBT health. Learning objectives focused on comprehending the spectrum of human sexuality, health issues for LGBT patients, and better practices for promoting affirming care. The module consisted of a PowerPoint presentation, sexuality survey, videos of provider-patient encounters, and community-based resources. Results: The workshop was implemented among 178 first-year medical students in September 2018, with 93% completing the pre-/postworkshop evaluations. Comparison of evaluations showed an increase in confidence in addressing each of the three learning objectives. Over 85% rated the PowerPoint and videos as very good or excellent. Discussion: This workshop was effective in helping first-year medical students appreciate the spectrum of sexual diversity, health issues facing LGBT individuals, and better practices to promote affirming care. The real-time sexuality survey helped trainees appreciate sexual diversity through self-reflection and near-peer sharing. The videos and accompanying discussion provided real-life encounters, along with common pitfalls in and pearls for communicating with LGBT patients.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Sexualidade/psicologia , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Humanos , Faculdades de Medicina , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
20.
Qual Life Res ; 28(11): 3025-3035, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264125

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine whether sexual satisfaction is associated with subjective well-being longitudinally. METHODS: Data from 2002, 2008 and 2011 were drawn from a nationally representative study among individuals residing in private households aged 40 and over (n = 12,105 in regression analysis). The established Satisfaction with Life Scale was used to assess life satisfaction. The well-recognized Positive and Negative Affect Schedule was used to quantify positive and negative affect, respectively. A single-item measure was used to quantify sexual satisfaction, ranging from 1 to 5 (higher values correspond to higher sexual satisfaction). The analysis was stratified by sex and age group (40-59 years, 60 years and over). RESULTS: The mean sexual satisfaction score was 3.4 (± 1.0) in men and 3.5 (± 0.9) in women. Fixed-effects regressions revealed that sexual satisfaction was positively associated with life satisfaction (total sample: ß = .08, p < .001; men: ß = .08, p < .001; women: ß = .07, p < .001) and positive affect (total sample: ß = .04, p < .001; men: ß = .04, p < .001; women: ß = .03, p < .01) as well as was negatively associated with negative affect (total sample: ß = - .05, p < .001; men: ß = - .05, p < .001; women: ß = - .04, p < .001). CONCLUSION: This study emphasizes the longitudinal association between sexual satisfaction and subjective well-being both in men and women. Life satisfaction is associated with satisfaction with sex life in both age groups. We conclude that sexual satisfaction is a life domain related to life satisfaction among older men and women. Thus, maintaining or improvement of sexual satisfaction could have an impact on successful ageing. Research is required to further elucidate the underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orgasmo , Análise de Regressão , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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