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1.
J Chromatogr A ; 1626: 461366, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797845

RESUMO

An alternative method for efficient synthesis of urea-functionalized silanes was proposed on the basis of an N, N'-carbonyldiimidazole-mediated acyl-transfer reaction between various amino-containing building blocks. The employment of different parent aminosilanes and alkylamines afforded an array of urea-containing silanes, which were subsequently immobilized onto silica gel to form corresponding urea-embedded alkyl stationary phases for high-performance liquid chromatography. The different substituents on the silicon core of the derivatized silane were found to significantly influence the final chromatographic behaviors. The comparative chromatographic characterization of thus-prepared silica packings with conventional octadecyl (C18) stationary phases revealed that the urea group was beneficial to suppress silanol activity towards basic probes, as well as to increase the water-compatibility of the alkyl stationary phases. The combination of a polar urea moiety and a non-polar long alkyl chain was favorable for an enhanced steric selectivity towards shape-constrained isomers. The polarizability-sensitive feature of such stationary phases made them good candidates for efficient separation of nitro-containing polar substances.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Silanos/química , Ureia/química , Isomerismo , Silanos/síntese química , Sílica Gel/química , Dióxido de Silício/química
2.
J Vis Exp ; (160)2020 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628159

RESUMO

In the present work, the synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles, its coating with SiO2, followed by its amine functionalization with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) and its conjugation with deferoxamine, a siderophore recognized by Yersinia enterocolitica, using a succinyl moiety as a linker are described. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) of magnetite (Fe3O4) were prepared by solvothermal method and coated with SiO2 (MNP@SiO2) using the Stöber process followed by functionalization with APTES (MNP@SiO2@NH2). Then, feroxamine was conjugated with the MNP@SiO2@NH2 by carbodiimide coupling to give MNP@SiO2@NH2@Fa. The morphology and properties of the conjugate and intermediates were examined by eight different methods including powder X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-Ray (EDX) mapping. This exhaustive characterization confirmed the formation of the conjugate. Finally, in order to evaluate the capacity and specificity of the nanoparticles, they were tested in a capture bacteria assay using Yersinia enterocolitica.


Assuntos
Desferroxamina/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Propilaminas/química , Sideróforos/química , Silanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Yersinia enterocolitica
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e045, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401935

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of a silane-containing universal adhesive used with or without a silane agent on the repair bond strength between aged and new composites. Forty nanohybrid composite resin blocks were stored in distilled water for 14 d and thermo-cycled. Sandpaper ground, etched, and rinsed speciments were randomly assigned into four experimental groups: silane + two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system, silane + silane-containing universal adhesive system, and silane-containing universal adhesive system. Blocks were repaired using the same composite. After 24 h of water storage, the blocks were sectioned and bonded sticks were submitted to microtensile testing. Ten unaged, non-repaired composite blocks were used as a reference group to evaluate the cohesive strength of the composite. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's tests were used to analyze average µTBS. One-way ANOVA and Dunnet post-hoc tests were used to compare the cohesive strength values and bond strength obtained in the repaired groups (α = 0.05). The µTBS values were higher for the silane-containing universal adhesive compared to the two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system (p = 0.002). Silane application improved the repair bond strength (p = 0.03). The repair bond strength ranged from 39.3 to 65.8% of the cohesive strength of the reference group. Using universal silane-containing adhesive improved the repair bond strength of composite resin compared to two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. However, it still required prior application of a silane agent for best direct composite resin repair outcomes.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Silanos/química , Análise de Variância , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2583-2603, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368042

RESUMO

Introduction: Over the past several years, nano-based therapeutics were an effective cancer drug candidate in order to overcome the persistence of deadliest diseases and prevalence of multiple drug resistance (MDR). Methods: The main objective of our program was to design organosilane-modified Fe3O4/SiO2/APTS(~NH2) core magnetic nanocomposites with functionalized copper-Schiff base complex through the use of (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane linker as chemotherapeutics to cancer cells. The nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), TEM, and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) techniques. All analyses corroborated the successful synthesis of the nanoparticles. In the second step, all compounds of magnetic nanoparticles were validated as antitumor drugs through the conventional MTT assay against K562 (myelogenous leukemia cancer) and apoptosis study by Annexin V/PI and AO/EB. The molecular dynamic simulations of nanoparticles were further carried out; afterwards, the optimization was performed using MM+, semi-empirical (AM1) and Ab Initio (STO-3G), ForciteGemo Opt, Forcite Dynamics, Forcite Energy and CASTEP in Materials studio 2017. Results: The results showed that the anti-cancer activity was barely reduced after modifying the surface of the Fe3O4/SiO2/APTS nanoparticles with 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde as Schiff base and then Cu(II) complex. The apoptosis study by Annexin V/PI and AO/EB stained cell nuclei was performed that apoptosis percentage of the nanoparticles increased upon increasing the thickness of Fe3O4 shell on the magnetite core. The docking studies of the synthesized compounds were conducted towards the DNA and Topoisomerase II via AutoDock 1.5.6 (The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA). Conclusion: Results of biology activities and computational modeling demonstrate that nanoparticles were targeted drug delivery system in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Compostos Férricos/síntese química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Propilaminas/síntese química , Bases de Schiff/síntese química , Silanos/síntese química , Dióxido de Silício/síntese química , Apoptose , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , DNA/química , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Humanos , Células K562 , Magnetismo , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Propilaminas/química , Bases de Schiff/química , Silanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1623: 461177, 2020 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389419

RESUMO

Continuous stationary phase gradients for liquid chromatography (LC) have been recently shown to be a promising method of altering selectivity. In this work, we present the first multicomponent continuous stationary phase gradient for separations involving both reversed-phase (RP) and strong cation exchange (SCX) mechanisms. These columns are fabricated using a two-step methodology based on controlled rate infusion (CRI). First, destructive CRI creates a gradient of excess silanol groups along a uniform C18 column. Next, these columns are infused with 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMOS), which bonds to the excess silanol groups. The terminal thiols of the MPTMOS ligands are oxidized with H2O2 to create the sulfonate functionality (SO3-) needed for SCX separations. The success of the modification procedure is characterized by thermogravimetric analysis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The stability of the C18-SO3- gradients were found to have less than 5 % retention loss and the column-to-column reproducibility had a relative standard deviation under 9 %. The peak asymmetry factors for seven biogenic amines were found to be between 1.03 ± 0.04 to 1.30 ± 0.02, which illustrates minimal peak tailing due to poor packing and residual silanol groups. Characterization of the gradient columns using an isocratic mobile phase showed a unique elution order compared to a uniform C18 and SO3- columns. At lower counterion concentrations, more than 48 % of the overall retention on the gradient stationary phase is due to a SCX mechanism. Meanwhile, the RP mechanism was shown to predominate at higher counterion concentrations on the gradient columns (SCX retention contribution less than 40 %). Coupling the stationary phase gradient to a salt gradient in the mobile phase showed that the gradient phase provides a unique, intermediate selectivity to the uniform C18 and SO3- columns. Under an ACN mobile phase gradient, a significant increase (p < 0.003) in the retention times of three biogenic amines (15 - 16 %) was observed when the multicomponent gradient was oriented to have a high SO3- ligand density near the detector. This work serves as a proof-of-concept design for a multicomponent stationary phase gradient to continue fundamental studies into retention and encourage novel applications.


Assuntos
Resinas de Troca de Cátion/química , Cromatografia por Troca Iônica , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Silanos/química
6.
Chemistry ; 26(34): 7609-7621, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259327

RESUMO

The most common denominator of many of the neurodegenerative diseases is badly folded protein accumulation, which results in the formation of insoluble protein deposits located in different parts of the organism, causing cell death and tissue degeneration. Dendritic systems have turned out to be a promising new therapeutic approach for the treatment of these diseases due to their ability to modulate the folding of these proteins. With this perspective, and focused on type 2 diabetes (T2D), characterized by the presence of deposits containing the amyloidogenic islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), we demonstrate how different topologies of cationic carbosilane dendrimers inhibit the formation of insoluble protein deposits in pancreatic islets isolated from transgenic Tg-hIAPP mice. Also, the results obtained by the modification of dendritic carbosilane wedges with the chemical chaperone 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) at the focal point confirmed their potential as anti-amyloid agents with a concentration efficiency in their therapeutic action five orders of magnitude lower than that observed for free 4-PBA. Computational studies, which determined the main interaction between IAPP and dendrimers at the atomic level, support the experimental work.


Assuntos
Amiloidose/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/química , Fenilbutiratos/química , Silanos/química , Animais , Humanos , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/química , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/citologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos
7.
Food Chem ; 320: 126683, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229401

RESUMO

Here, we demonstrate use of acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-responsive polyoxometalate (POM)/surfactant supramolecular spheres to build a liquid crystal (LC)-based sensing platform for detection of organophosphorus pesticides. The self-assembled spheres are composed of hybrid materials of a POM, sodium dodecatungstophosphate (PW12), and a surfactant, myristoylcholine (Myr). It displays dark appearance when the aqueous solution is in contact with LCs supported on the octadecyltrichlorosilane-treated glass deposited with the supramolecular spheres, suggesting perpendicular orientation of LCs at the aqueous/LC interface. In contrast, LCs show bright appearance when the surface-deposited supramolecular spheres are enzymatically hydrolyzed by AChE, corresponding to planar orientation of LCs at the aqueous/LC interface. Detection of organophosphates are successfully achieved as they are potent inhibitors of AChE. The detection limit of the sensing platform reached 0.9 ng/mL for dimethoate. This method can avoid disturbance of external interference with excellent specificity and sensitivity, which makes it very promise in detection of organophosphorus pesticides.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Cristais Líquidos/química , Praguicidas/análise , Análise de Alimentos/instrumentação , Hidrólise , Lagos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Compostos Organofosforados/análise , Silanos/química , Tensoativos/química , Compostos de Tungstênio/química , Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e018, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187304

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentration, etching time, and application of phosphoric acid (PA) followed by neutralization with sodium bicarbonate on the bond strength between a feldspar ceramic and resin cement. Thus, 80 blocks (10 x 12 x 2 mm) of glass ceramic (VM - Vita Mark II - Vita Zahnfabrik) were made and randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 10) according to the factors: HF concentration (5 and 10%), etching time (60 and 120 s), and use of phosphoric acid (PA) (with and without). According to the experimental group, 37% PA (Condac, FGM) was applied after HF etching for 60s. Afterwards, samples were immersed in sodium bicarbonate for 1 min then in an ultrasonic bath in distilled water (5 min) for cleaning. After surface bonding treatment, cylinders (Ø = 2 mm; h = 2 mm) of dual resin cement (AllCem / FGM) were made in the center of each block. The samples were then stored in water (37ºC) for 90 days and submitted to the shear bond test (50 KgF, 1 mm/min). Failure analysis was performed by stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscopy. Data (MPa) were analyzed with 3-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Only the factor "HF concentration" was significant (p = 0.02). Most failures were of cohesive in ceramic (40%) and mixed types (42.5%). The 10% HF resulted in higher shear bond strength value than the 5% HF. Surface cleaning with phosphoric acid followed by sodium bicarbonate and HF time (60 or 120 seconds) did not influence the resin bond strength to feldspar ceramic.


Assuntos
Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Ácido Fluorídrico/química , Ácidos Fosfóricos/química , Compostos de Potássio/química , Análise de Variância , Porcelana Dentária/química , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento/efeitos dos fármacos , Silanos/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
9.
J Chromatogr A ; 1621: 461035, 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188564

RESUMO

The present work described two triacontyl-bonded silica adsorbents containing different polar embedded groups (i.e. amide- and carbamate-type) for high performance liquid chromatography, which were prepared by covalent surface modification of silica gel with respective pre-synthesized polar-embedded triacontyl (C30) silane. The acylimidazole-mediated method was used for the first time for the synthesis of amide-type alkyl silane, while the carbamate-type silane was obtained via an improved solvent-free procedure. A conventional C30 stationary phase was also developed on the same silica substrate in the similar manner, which was used as a reference column for comparison of the unique mechanisms facilitated and/or furnished by the polar groups. The successful immobilization of the designed C30 species was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis. In further comparison with an amide-embedded octadecyl (C18) two other conventional C18 stationary phases of different surface chemistry, detailed chromatographic characterization of the C30 series stationary phases was performed in terms of surface density, hydrophobicity, aromatic selectivity, shape selectivity and water tolerance using a diversified range of analytes, including homologous alkylbenzenes, isomeric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carotenes, congeners of polychlorobiphenyls, aromatic amines, phenolic compounds, estrogens and nucleosides. A high resemblance between the chromatographic behaviors of the two polar-modified C30 stationary phases was observed, meanwhile they demonstrated noticeable differences from non-polar C30 stationary phase. The polar-embedded C30 phases showed satisfactory performance towards the solutes of interest in the studied conditions. The beneficial synergy of the polar groups and the triacontyl chains enabled these polar-enhanced C30 stationary phases to address challenging separation tasks with high selectivity.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Dióxido de Silício/química , Amidas/química , Aminas/análise , Derivados de Benzeno/análise , Carbamatos/química , Carotenoides/análise , Estrogênios/análise , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Nucleosídeos/análise , Fenóis/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Silanos/química , Sílica Gel/química
10.
Nature ; 579(7799): 421-426, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188939

RESUMO

Bioorthogonal chemistry capable of operating in live animals is needed to investigate biological processes such as cell death and immunity. Recent studies have identified a gasdermin family of pore-forming proteins that executes inflammasome-dependent and -independent pyroptosis1-5. Pyroptosis is proinflammatory, but its effect on antitumour immunity is unknown. Here we establish a bioorthogonal chemical system, in which a cancer-imaging probe phenylalanine trifluoroborate (Phe-BF3) that can enter cells desilylates and 'cleaves' a designed linker that contains a silyl ether. This system enabled the controlled release of a drug from an antibody-drug conjugate in mice. When combined with nanoparticle-mediated delivery, desilylation catalysed by Phe-BF3 could release a client protein-including an active gasdermin-from a nanoparticle conjugate, selectively into tumour cells in mice. We applied this bioorthogonal system to gasdermin, which revealed that pyroptosis of less than 15% of tumour cells was sufficient to clear the entire 4T1 mammary tumour graft. The tumour regression was absent in immune-deficient mice or upon T cell depletion, and was correlated with augmented antitumour immune responses. The injection of a reduced, ineffective dose of nanoparticle-conjugated gasdermin along with Phe-BF3 sensitized 4T1 tumours to anti-PD1 therapy. Our bioorthogonal system based on Phe-BF3 desilylation is therefore a powerful tool for chemical biology; our application of this system suggests that pyroptosis-induced inflammation triggers robust antitumour immunity and can synergize with checkpoint blockade.


Assuntos
Preparações de Ação Retardada/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/imunologia , Piroptose/imunologia , Animais , Cumarínicos/administração & dosagem , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/farmacocinética , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/metabolismo , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacocinética , Feminino , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/farmacocinética , Células HeLa , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Imunoconjugados/química , Imunoconjugados/metabolismo , Imunoconjugados/farmacocinética , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Mamárias Experimentais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Oligopeptídeos/administração & dosagem , Oligopeptídeos/química , Oligopeptídeos/metabolismo , Oligopeptídeos/farmacocinética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas/administração & dosagem , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas/farmacocinética , Silanos/administração & dosagem , Silanos/química , Silanos/metabolismo , Silanos/farmacocinética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Trastuzumab/administração & dosagem , Trastuzumab/química , Trastuzumab/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/farmacocinética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222675

RESUMO

C60-based magnetic nanospheres were synthesized by coating Fe3O4 nanospheres with silica, then modifying with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane as a linker and a C60 fullerene stationary phase. The morphologies, magnetic properties, infrared absorption and carbon content of magnetic nanospheres were studied by TEM, VSM, FTIR and carbon and sulfur analyzer. The magnetic nanospheres were employed for the magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in nine Chinese herbal medicines. The analyses were conducted by isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The main parameters influencing the extraction, including extraction solvent, adsorbent amount, and extraction time were optimized. Method validation showed that the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.02-0.11 µg/kg, and the limit of quantification (LOQ) was 0.07-0.36 µg/kg. The spiked recoveries rates for 16 PAHs in white peony root were 84.7-107.2%. The relative standard deviation (RSD) was 1.7-8.4%. The established method was further used for the determination 16 PAHs in nine Chinese herbal medicines. Total content of 16 PAHs varied from 73.6 µg/kg (fructus lycii) to 2172.6 µg/kg (astragalus root). The results indicate that the pollution of PAHs in Chinese herbal medicines is serious. The established method can effective detect PAHs contamination in Chinese herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Fulerenos/química , Isótopos/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanosferas/química , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Adsorção , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Propilaminas/química , Silanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Food Chem ; 319: 126575, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172051

RESUMO

A core-shell molecular imprinting fluorescence nanosensor was developed for the ratiometric fluorescence and visual detection of folic acid (FA). The nanosensor was prepared by anchoring imprinting shell on the silica nanoparticles, and embedding the CdTe quantum dots in imprinted shell to provide FA-dependent fluorescence signals. Under the optimum conditions, a favorable linearity relationship between the fluorescence intensities ratio (I449/I619) and the FA concentration over 0.23-113 µM was offered with a detection limit (LOD) of 48 nM. The visual detection for FA was realized by evaluating profuse fluorescence color change from red to pink to purple to final blue. The proposed sensor possessed excellent sensing performances of rapid response, high precision, super sensitivity and selective recognition. Furthermore, endogenous FA was detected in real samples ranging from 37.4 to 265.8 µg/100 g; satisfactory spiked recoveries were obtained within 94.8-104.2%, which conformed to the measurement results by HPLC-UV.


Assuntos
Ácido Fólico/análise , Análise de Alimentos/instrumentação , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Compostos de Cádmio/química , Cor , Ácido Fólico/química , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas/química , Propilaminas/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Silanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Telúrio/química
13.
Chemosphere ; 251: 126387, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151812

RESUMO

Adsorption is a simple and effective method for the removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from contaminated water. Several amino silane-graphene oxide (GO) composites with different species of amino groups (pN-GO, psN-GO, and pssN-GO; p: primary, s: secondary, N: amine) were evaluated to investigate their adsorption capacity and the effects of primary and secondary amines on Cr(VI) adsorption. We conducted a quantitative analysis to reveal the difference between primary and secondary amines in terms of Cr(VI) removal efficiency. A synergic effect was observed between the neighboring secondary amines in pssN-GO. From the Langmuir model prediction, we found that the composite with pssN-GO exhibited the highest maximum adsorption capacity (260.74 mg/g), followed by those with psN-GO (208.22 mg/g) and pN-GO (189.47 mg/g). Monolayer adsorption was more dominant when using pssN-GO, with the pseudo-second-order model best fitting the kinetic experiment results, whereas multilayer adsorption was dominant when using psN-GO and pN-GO.


Assuntos
Cromo/química , Grafite/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Silanos/química
14.
J Vis Exp ; (157)2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176215

RESUMO

Desalination through direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) exploits water-repellent membranes to robustly separate counterflowing streams of hot and salty seawater from cold and pure water, thus allowing only pure water vapor to pass through. To achieve this feat, commercial DCMD membranes are derived from or coated with water-repellent perfluorocarbons such as polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF). However, the use of perfluorocarbons is limiting due to their high cost, non-biodegradability, and vulnerability to harsh operational conditions. Unveiled here is a new class of membranes referred to as gas-entrapping membranes (GEMs) that can robustly entrap air upon immersion in water. GEMs achieve this function by their microstructure rather than their chemical make-up. This work demonstrates a proof-of-concept for GEMs using intrinsically wetting SiO2/Si/SiO2 wafers as the model system; the contact angle of water on SiO2 is θo ≈ 40°. Silica-GEMs had 300 µm-long cylindrical pores whose diameters at the (2 µm-long) inlet and outlet regions were significantly smaller; this geometrically discontinuous structure, with 90° turns at the inlets and outlets, is known as the "reentrant microtexture". The microfabrication protocol for silica-GEMs entails designing, photolithography, chrome sputtering, and isotropic and anisotropic etching. Despite the water loving nature of silica, water does not intrude silica-GEMs on submersion. In fact, they robustly entrap air underwater and keep it intact even after six weeks (>106 seconds). On the other hand, silica membranes with simple cylindrical pores spontaneously imbibe water (< 1 s). These findings highlight the potential of the GEMs architecture for separation processes. While the choice of SiO2/Si/SiO2 wafers for GEMs is limited to demonstrating the proof-of-concept, it is expected that the protocols and concepts presented here will advance the rational design of scalable GEMs using inexpensive common materials for desalination and beyond.


Assuntos
Gases/química , Membranas Artificiais , Dióxido de Silício/química , Silício/química , Purificação da Água , Água/química , Ar , Destilação , Porosidade , Impressão , Água do Mar , Silanos/química
15.
Food Chem ; 315: 126276, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014669

RESUMO

Cellulose nanofibers (CNF) coated with inorganic nanoparticles are novel hybrid nanocomposites that have great potential in various areas including agriculture and food science. The objectives of this study were to synthesize nanocomposites consisted of CNF coated with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), which can be used as a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) platform for measuring pesticides in Oolong tea. CNF were coated with AgNPs to form uniform CNF-AgNP nanocomposites that were investigated by transmission electron microscopy. Three-dimensional and porous CNF structures were loaded with AgNPs with an average size of 41 nm. CNF-AgNP substrates were applied in characterization and measurement of flusilazole in Oolong tea samples by SERS. A detection limit of 0.5 mg/kg for flusilazole was obtained based on partial least squares (PLS) regression analysis. These results indicate that CNF-AgNP nanocomposites combined with SERS is an accurate, sensitive, and efficient technique for identification and quantification of pesticide residues in Oolong tea.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanofibras/química , Silanos/química , Prata/química , Chá/química , Triazóis/química , Limite de Detecção , Análise Espectral Raman , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(13): 2012-2015, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961351

RESUMO

Here, we describe one simple Ir/hydrosilane catalytic system for chemoselective isomerization of 2-substituted allylic ethers. This facile strategy shows high efficiency towards a variety of substrates, including derivatives from bioactive molecules. The substituent at the α position of the olefins is supposed to be critical in retarding the alkene hydrosilylation process and leading the reaction to go through the isomerization pathway.


Assuntos
Éteres/química , Irídio/química , Silanos/química , Alcenos/química , Catálise , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Isomerismo
17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1617: 460807, 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889519

RESUMO

Click chemistry has attracted increasing attention for the synthesis of novel stationary phases. Considering the advantage of click chemistry, a strategy based on thiol-Michael addition was developed for the preparation of a new stationary phase herein, and a phenyl vinyl sulfone stationary phase (M-PVS) was prepared. The resulting M-PVS bonded silica was characterized by elemental analysis, solid-state 13C cross-polarization/magic-angle spinning NMR and infrared spectroscopy, confirming the successful immobilization of phenyl vinyl sulfone on the silica support. The retention properties of M-PVS were investigated and exhibited unambiguous reversed phase retention characteristics. Moreover, shape selectivity and silanol activity were studied to reveal the diverse interactions of M-PVS, including hydrophobic, π-π, hydrogen bonding, and ion-exchange interactions. In addition, de-wetting tolerance and hydrophilic properties were evaluated and a pronounced "U" retention curves were obtained, indicating enhanced retention for polar analytes and transitions of different interaction modes. Selectivity differences between M-PVS column, phenyl column and conventional C18 column were examined using series natural standards. The diverse interactions of M-PVS demonstrated its improved selectivity for the compounds with similar hydrophobic skeleton but different polar substituents.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida , Química Click , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Silanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Sulfonas/química
18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1617: 460819, 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898947

RESUMO

Polymers obtained from tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and triethoxymethylsilane (MTEOS) have been functionalized with different metal and metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs), and used as coatings of extractive capillaries for the extraction of polar compounds by in-tube solid-phase microextraction (IT-SPME) coupled on-line to nano-liquid chromatography (nano-LC). The extraction capabilities of the new phases have been studied using several triazinic herbicides with log of octanol/water partition coefficients (Kow) ranging from -0.7 to 3.21 under reversed phase chromatographic conditions. Best extraction efficiencies for the most polar compounds (log Kow ≤ 2.3) were typically obtained with the CuO NPs doped phase. The TEOS-MTEOS polymer can be modified with two types of NPs in order to obtain extractive phases capable of interacting with compounds of a wide range of polarities; alternatively, two capillaries each with a different type of NPs can be combined in series with the same goal. Under the later approach the limits of detection (LODs) found for the tested herbicides were 0.02-1.5 µg/L, and the precision expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD) varied from 2 to 10% (n = 3). The recoveries found in sea water samples ranged from 80 to 107%. In addition, the developed CuO NPs doped phase can be used in hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC), which is the separation mode recommended for highly polar compounds. This has been illustrated using the amino acids tyrosine (log Kow = -2.26) and tryptophan (log Kow = -1.06) as model compounds, being their respective LOD 0.1 and 0.3 µg/mL. Examples of application of the developed bimodal extractive phase to different environmental and waste waters are given in order to show its utility and versatility.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cobre/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Herbicidas/análise , Herbicidas/isolamento & purificação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Limite de Detecção , Polímeros/química , Água do Mar/química , Silanos/química , Triazinas/análise , Triazinas/isolamento & purificação , Triptofano/análise , Tirosina/análise , Águas Residuárias/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
19.
J Chromatogr A ; 1618: 460866, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964513

RESUMO

An energy-efficient and environment-friendly approach to prepare porous monodispersed micro-sized silica particles with methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) as the precursor is described. The particles were synthesized by a two-step hydrolysis/condensation procedure, with post-synthetic aging and calcination for methyl group removal. They show uniform spherical morphology, narrow particle size distribution (D90/10, 1.2-1.6), tailored particle size (3, 5, 7 µm) and mesopore structure (10, 13 nm), which can be directly used as packing materials for HPLC without size classification. C18, sulfonate, and C18/sulfonate mixed-mode stationary phases were produced by a green vapor deposition method based on the synthesized silica particles. The newly synthesized C18 phase exhibits mechanical stability, kinetic behavior and separation performance expected from the commercial C18 column. The C18/sulfonate phase exhibits prominent mixed-mode retention behavior which can be applied to the simultaneous separation of multiple substances in the compound drugs.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Dióxido de Silício/química , Hidrólise , Tamanho da Partícula , Preparações Farmacêuticas/isolamento & purificação , Porosidade , Silanos/química , Dióxido de Silício/síntese química
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 14, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In orthopedics, the treatment of implant-associated infections represents a high challenge. Especially, potent antibacterial effects at implant surfaces can only be achieved by the use of high doses of antibiotics, and still often fail. Drug-loaded magnetic nanoparticles are very promising for local selective therapy, enabling lower systemic antibiotic doses and reducing adverse side effects. The idea of the following study was the local accumulation of such nanoparticles by an externally applied magnetic field combined with a magnetizable implant. The examination of the biodistribution of the nanoparticles, their effective accumulation at the implant and possible adverse side effects were the focus. In a BALB/c mouse model (n = 50) ferritic steel 1.4521 and Ti90Al6V4 (control) implants were inserted subcutaneously at the hindlimbs. Afterwards, magnetic nanoporous silica nanoparticles (MNPSNPs), modified with rhodamine B isothiocyanate and polyethylene glycol-silane (PEG), were administered intravenously. Directly/1/7/21/42 day(s) after subsequent application of a magnetic field gradient produced by an electromagnet, the nanoparticle biodistribution was evaluated by smear samples, histology and multiphoton microscopy of organs. Additionally, a pathohistological examination was performed. Accumulation on and around implants was evaluated by droplet samples and histology. RESULTS: Clinical and histological examinations showed no MNPSNP-associated changes in mice at all investigated time points. Although PEGylated, MNPSNPs were mainly trapped in lung, liver, and spleen. Over time, they showed two distributional patterns: early significant drops in blood, lung, and kidney and slow decreases in liver and spleen. The accumulation of MNPSNPs on the magnetizable implant and in its area was very low with no significant differences towards the control. CONCLUSION: Despite massive nanoparticle capture by the mononuclear phagocyte system, no significant pathomorphological alterations were found in affected organs. This shows good biocompatibility of MNPSNPs after intravenous administration. The organ uptake led to insufficient availability of MNPSNPs in the implant region. For that reason, among others, the nanoparticles did not achieve targeted accumulation in the desired way, manifesting future research need. However, with different conditions and dimensions in humans and further modifications of the nanoparticles, this principle should enable reaching magnetizable implant surfaces at any time in any body region for a therapeutic reason.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Próteses e Implantes , Dióxido de Silício/química , Animais , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/toxicidade , Feminino , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Membro Posterior , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/toxicidade , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ortopedia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Porosidade , Rodaminas/química , Silanos/química , Distribuição Tecidual
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