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1.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 180-187, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to explore the network structures of alexithymia components and compare results with relevant prior literature. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a large sample of university students, undirected and directed network structures of items from the Bermond Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire form B are estimated with state-of-the-art network analysis and structure learning tools. Centrality estimates are used to address the topic of item redundancy and select relevant alexithymia components to study. RESULTS: Alexithymia components present positive as well as negative connections; poor fantasy and emotional insight are identified as central items in the network. CONCLUSIONS: The undirected network structure of alexithymia components reports new features with respect to prior literature, and the directed network structures offers new insight on the construct.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos , Fantasia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Emoções , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22313, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957396

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: About 66% of stroke survivors present with cognitive or physical consequences, which are often complicated by emotional instability. Alexithymia is defined as "a difficulty in identifying and describing feelings", although there is no consensus on the exact diagnosis and treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 36-year-old right-handed man, affected by ischemic stroke (which occurred about 3 months before admission) involving the right hemisphere (ie, the fronto-parieto-temporal region) with left hemiparesis and behavioral abnormalities, came to our observation for intensive rehabilitation. He was treated unsuccessfully with a traditional and behavioral training. DIAGNOSIS: Alexithymia due to ischemic stroke. INTERVENTIONS: Then, a specific combined protocol using computerized emotional and virtual emotional training was applied in a semi-immersive virtual reality environment using the BTS-Nirvana device. OUTCOMES: At the end of this novel rehabilitation approach, the patient showed a significant improvement in emotional skills, cognitive performances, and coping strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Virtual reality, in addition to standard therapy, may be a valuable tool in improving emotional abnormalities due to brain lesions, such as alexithymia.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/terapia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/instrumentação , Terapia de Exposição à Realidade Virtual/métodos , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia
4.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(10): 880-890, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975063

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in language ability and emotional-behavioral problems according to the severity of social communication impairments (SCI) and restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We grouped 113 children with ASD aged 3-12 years according to the severity of SCI and RRB, and investigated language differences and emotional-behavioral problems among the severity groups. If differences in language abilities between the groups were observed, they were further subdivided to examine possible predictors of both receptive and expressive language abilities. RESULTS: In cluster analyses using subdomains of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-revised, severe SCI individuals showed lower language ability than their milder counterparts, while RRB showed no differences. Receptive and expressive language in the severe SCI group was negatively predicted by social communication and social motivation, respectively. The severe RRB group showed significantly higher levels of anxiety/distress, somatic complaints, thought problems, attention problems, and aggressive behavior, while the severe SCI group was reported to be more withdrawn. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the severity of SCI greatly affects language ability. In children with severe SCI, social communication and social motivation negatively predicted receptive language and expressive language, respectively. Children with severe RRB may have more emotional-behavioral problems that require active intervention.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/psicologia , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/epidemiologia , Masculino , Comportamento Problema , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238309, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866184

RESUMO

The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is one of the most widely used instruments for assessing the ability to recognize emotion. To examine the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the RMET and to explore the possible implications of poor performance on this task, 200 adults aged 19-32 years completed the RMET and the Korean version of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20K), the cognitive empathy domain of the Korean version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI-C), and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory-Aggression (BDHI-A). In the present study, confirmatory factor analyses confirmed that the hypothesized three-factor solution based on three different emotional valences of the items (positive, negative, or neutral) had a good fit to the data. The Korean version of the RMET also showed good test-retest reliability over a 4-week time interval. Convergent validity was also supported by significant correlations with subscales of the TAS-20K, and discriminant validity was identified by nonsignificant associations with IRI-C scores. In addition, no difference was found in RMET performance according to the sex of the photographed individuals or the sex or educational attainment of the participants. Individuals with poor RMET performance were more likely to experience alexithymia and aggression. The current findings will facilitate not only future research on emotion processing but also the assessment of conditions related to the decreased ability to decode emotional stimuli.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Emoções/fisiologia , Olho/fisiopatologia , Psicometria/métodos , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Empatia/fisiologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Inteligência , Masculino , Leitura , República da Coreia , Teoria da Mente/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(8): 891-904, ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192413

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Determinar el impacto del COVID-19 en las emociones de mujeres embarazadas con diabetes gestacional. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, observacional en 85 mujeres embarazadas con diabetes gestacional que asisten a el Hospital General Regional 200 del IMSS, se utilizara el instrumento la Escala de Valoración del Estado de Ánimo (EVEA) fue creado por Sanz en 2001 con una validez y fiabilidad del 0,86 y 0,92. RESULTADOS ESPERADOS: Las mujeres en gestación con diabetes gestacional muestran un impacto emocional debido a la pandemia COVID-19 y no solo por el miedo de contagiarse también el temor de tener que llegar al hospital en estas fechas de crisis a la labor de parto y que este se complique por ambas situaciones. CONCLUSIÓN: El miedo es una de las emociones más impactantes en las mujeres embarazadas en cuanto a llegar en estas fechas a ser impactada por el COVID-19, a que se manifiesten complicaciones en ellas o en su bebe, ante esta crisis por COVID-19 anticipan resultados negativos


AIM: To determine the impact of COVID-19 on the emotions of pregnant women with gestational diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study in 85 pregnant women with gestational diabetes who attends the IMSS Regional General Hospital 200, uses the instrument The Mood Assessment Scale (EVEA) was created by Sanz in 2001 with a validity and reliability of 0.86 and 0.92. EXPECTED RESULTS: Pregnant women with gestational diabetes had an emotional impact due to the COVID-19 pandemic and not only because of the fear of catching the fear of having to go to the hospital at these times of crisis to labor and that This is complicated by both situations. CONCLUSION: Fear is one of the most shocking emotions in pregnant women in terms of reaching these days to be impacted by COVID-19, to manifest complications in them or in their baby, in the face of this crisis by COVID-19 they anticipate results negatives


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Diabetes Gestacional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Emoções , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Wiad Lek ; 73(6): 1129-1133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The research aim was to study features of emotional-volitional sphere and its association in mens with different forms of Substance Addictions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: We examined 146 patients with alcohol and drug addictions using Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Zverkov-Eidmann`s questionnaire and Buss-Durkee questionnaire. RESULTS: Results: The study showed an increase in the overall level of alexithymia, a moderate level of aggressiveness and a sufficient level of volitional self-regulation without a significant difference between the groups. The indirect correlation of "persistence" with the "general level of alexithymia", "difficulty identifying feelings" and "physical aggression" in group 1 and at the same time the indirect correlation between "self-control" and "verbal aggression" and "volitional self-regulation" with "difficulty describing feelings" can be explained by the opposite meaning of these concepts and phenomena themselves.However, it is interesting that the indicators "physical aggression" and "difficulty describing feelings" in group 2 were significantly lower, but at the same time correlated with "general level of alexithymia" and "irritability", respectively. On other hand in group 1 the indicator "suspiciousness" is directly related to the "general level of alexithymia", but its level is significantly lower in comparison with group 2. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The phenomenon of alexithymia is not only recorded in the clinical picture of patients with various forms of addiction, but can also induce the development of manifestations of aggressiveness and hostility in them. Correction of alexithymia is necessary to understand the emotional state of these patients and choose the right approach to their treatment and rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Hostilidade , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Sintomas Afetivos , Agressão , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-535787

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing epidemic of coronavirus disease, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome, which has spread recently worldwide. Efforts to prevent the virus from spreading include travel restrictions, lockdowns as well as national or regional quarantines throughout the international community. The major negative psychological outcome of the COVID-19 pandemic is the anxiety caused by it. The aim of the present study was to examine the level of concern and the contributions of modes of resilience, well-being and demographic attributes towards decreasing or enhancing anxiety and depression among two samples: Israeli Jews (majority group) and Israeli Arabs (minority group). These random samples included 605 Jews and 156 Arabs who participated in an internet survey. A previous study, which has been conducted in the context of terror attacks, has shown that compared to Israeli Jews, Israeli Arabs expressed a higher level of fear of war and lower levels of resilience supporting personality attributes. The results of the current study indicated a similar pattern that emerged in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: the Israeli Arabs reported a higher level of distress and a lower level of resilience and well-being.


Assuntos
Árabes/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Judeus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/etnologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(6)2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-599775

RESUMO

A 41-year-old man with no significant medical history presented with acute behavioural disruption on the background of a 1-day history of severe headache and a 10-day history of dry cough and fever. He was sexually disinhibited with pressured speech and grandiose ideas. His behaviour worsened, necessitating heavy sedation and transfer to intensive care for mechanical ventilation despite no respiratory indication. Investigations confirmed that he was positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Neuroimaging and a lumbar puncture were normal. Initial screening for SARS-CoV-2 in the cerebrospinal fluid was negative although no validated assay was available. The patient's mental state remained abnormal following stepdown from intensive care. Psychiatric assessment found features consistent with acute mania, and he was detained under the Mental Health Act. This case indicates the need to consider COVID-19 in a wider series of clinical presentations and to develop a validated assay for SARS-CoV-2 in the cerebrospinal fluid.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Clonazepam/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Olanzapina/administração & dosagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Agitação Psicomotora , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/tratamento farmacológico , Sintomas Afetivos/etiologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroimagem/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Agitação Psicomotora/diagnóstico , Agitação Psicomotora/tratamento farmacológico , Agitação Psicomotora/etiologia , Psicotrópicos/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 31(2): 86-91, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193889

RESUMO

El proceso de envejecimiento y las enfermedades crónicas implican cambios vitales en el adulto mayor que suponen, en muchas ocasiones, acontecimientos estresantes que derivan en un malestar psicológico y un deterioro de la calidad de vida. La vejez es una etapa caracterizada por sentimientos de pérdidas y disminución de capacidades funcionales y afectivas. Se investiga la serenidad como estrategia de afrontamiento en relación con el apoyo psicológico y emocional para mejorar las capacidades del adulto mayor para afrontar los problemas o dificultades que conllevan las consecuencias del envejecimiento. OBJETIVO: Analizar el concepto de serenidad en relación con el apoyo psicológico y emocional del paciente crónico. METODOLOGÍA: Revisión de la bibliografía. La búsqueda se realizó en PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library y Medline. Se acotó al período 1999-2017, incluyendo aquellos estudios que solo aplican el concepto de serenidad para la promoción de la salud mental. RESULTADOS: De los 40 estudios revisados, 8 hacían referencia al envejecimiento y la cronicidad; 15 a trastornos afectivos en la cronicidad; 13 al apoyo emocional y psicológico en el paciente mayor crónico, y 4 a la serenidad y cuidado enfermero. Posteriormente al análisis se identificaron tres temas relacionados: apoyo emocional en la cronicidad, concepto de serenidad y bienestar psíquico y emocional, definiendo atributos y niveles de serenidad, apoyo emocional en la cronicidad. CONCLUSIONES: El concepto de serenidad puede representar una herramienta que fomente el bienestar psíquico y emocional del paciente mayor crónico, ayudando a aceptar y manejar la situación de salud. Resulta necesaria una mayor evidencia científica sobre el concepto y su uso en los profesionales enfermeros


The aging process and chronic diseases involve vital changes in the elderly that, in many cases, involve stressful events that lead to psychological discomfort and a deterioration in the quality of life. Old age is a stage characterized by feelings of loss and decreased functional and affective abilities. Serenity is investigated as a coping strategy in relation to psychological and emotional support to improve the abilities of the elderly to face the problems or difficulties that entail the consequences of aging. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of serenity in relation to the psychological and emotional support of the chronic patient. METHODOLOGY: Review of the literature. The search was performed in PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Medline. The 1999-2017 period was included, including those studies that only apply the concept of serenity for the promotion of mental health. RESULTS: Of the 40 studies reviewed, 8 referred to aging and chronicity; 15 to affective disorders in the chronicity; 13 to emotional and psychological support in the chronically elderly patient; 4 to serenity and nursing care. Three related topics were identified: emotional support in chronicity, the concept of serenity and psychic and emotional well-being, defining attributes and levels of serenity, emotional support in chronicity. CONCLUSIONS: The serenity can represent a tool that promotes the psychic and emotional well-being of the chronic elderly patient, helping to accept and manage the health situation. Greater scientific evidence on the concept and its use in nursing professionals is necessary


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Apoio Social , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Enfermagem Geriátrica/métodos , Transtornos Psicóticos Afetivos/psicologia , Impacto Psicossocial , Idoso Fragilizado , Adaptação Psicológica
12.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(05-06): 199-205, 2020 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579310

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is a common non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Alexithy-mia is a still poorly understood neuropsychiatric feature of PD. Cognitive impairment (especially visuospatial dysfunction and executive dysfunction) and alexithymia share com-mon pathology of neuroanatomical structures. We hypo-thesized that there must be a correlation between CD and alexithymia levels considering this relationship of neuroanatomy. Objective - The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between alexithymia and neurocognitive function in patients with PD. Methods: Thirty-five patients with PD were included in this study. The Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDI) and a detailed neuropsychological evaluation were performed. Results: Higher TAS-20 scores were negatively correlated with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) similarities test score (r =-0.71, p value 0.02), clock drawing test (CDT) scores (r=-0.72, p=0.02) and verbal fluency (VF) (r=-0.77, p<0.01). Difficulty identifying feelings subscale score was negatively correlated with CDT scores (r=-0.74, p=0.02), VF scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04), visual memory immediate recall (r=-0.74, p=0.01). VF scores were also correlated with difficulty describing feelings (DDF) scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04). There was a reverse relationship bet-ween WAIS similarities and DDF scores (r=-0.70, p=0.02), and externally oriented-thinking (r=-0.77,p<0.01). Executive function Z score was correlated with the mean TAS-20 score (r=-62, p=0.03) and DDF subscale score (r=-0.70, p=0.01). Conclusion: Alexithymia was found to be associated with poorer performance on visuospatial and executive function test results. We also found that alexithymia was significantly correlated with depressive symptoms. Presence of alexithymia should therefore warn the clinicians for co-existing CD.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Depressão/psicologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/complicações , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Idoso , Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão/complicações , Emoções , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503205

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing epidemic of coronavirus disease, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome, which has spread recently worldwide. Efforts to prevent the virus from spreading include travel restrictions, lockdowns as well as national or regional quarantines throughout the international community. The major negative psychological outcome of the COVID-19 pandemic is the anxiety caused by it. The aim of the present study was to examine the level of concern and the contributions of modes of resilience, well-being and demographic attributes towards decreasing or enhancing anxiety and depression among two samples: Israeli Jews (majority group) and Israeli Arabs (minority group). These random samples included 605 Jews and 156 Arabs who participated in an internet survey. A previous study, which has been conducted in the context of terror attacks, has shown that compared to Israeli Jews, Israeli Arabs expressed a higher level of fear of war and lower levels of resilience supporting personality attributes. The results of the current study indicated a similar pattern that emerged in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: the Israeli Arabs reported a higher level of distress and a lower level of resilience and well-being.


Assuntos
Árabes/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Judeus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/etnologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(6)2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540882

RESUMO

A 41-year-old man with no significant medical history presented with acute behavioural disruption on the background of a 1-day history of severe headache and a 10-day history of dry cough and fever. He was sexually disinhibited with pressured speech and grandiose ideas. His behaviour worsened, necessitating heavy sedation and transfer to intensive care for mechanical ventilation despite no respiratory indication. Investigations confirmed that he was positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Neuroimaging and a lumbar puncture were normal. Initial screening for SARS-CoV-2 in the cerebrospinal fluid was negative although no validated assay was available. The patient's mental state remained abnormal following stepdown from intensive care. Psychiatric assessment found features consistent with acute mania, and he was detained under the Mental Health Act. This case indicates the need to consider COVID-19 in a wider series of clinical presentations and to develop a validated assay for SARS-CoV-2 in the cerebrospinal fluid.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Clonazepam/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Olanzapina/administração & dosagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Agitação Psicomotora , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/tratamento farmacológico , Sintomas Afetivos/etiologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroimagem/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Agitação Psicomotora/diagnóstico , Agitação Psicomotora/tratamento farmacológico , Agitação Psicomotora/etiologia , Psicotrópicos/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(2): 164-177, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552589

RESUMO

The Measurement of Psychological Mindedness: a validation study of the German version of the Balanced Index of Psychological Mindedness (BIPM) Objectives: The aim of the study is to examine central measurement properties of the translated Balanced Index of Psychological Mindedness (BIPM) within a sample of German native speakers. Methods: Factor structure, validity and reliability of the BIPM was examined using data from a community sample of 399 participants. Additionally, associations between BIPM and socio-demographic variables were tested. Results: BIPM revealed a two factor structure (Insight and Interest), comparable to the original scale. Psychological mindedness (PM) correlated negatively with alexithymia, but did not correlate with emotional or cognitive irritation. Insight, but not Interest, correlated positively with psychological flexibility. Conclusions: The German translation proved to be a reliable, valid and economical measure for PM.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Tradução , Emoções , Alemanha , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Exp Psychol ; 67(1): 23-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520665

RESUMO

Although recent studies have investigated the effect of alexithymia on moral judgments, such an effect remains elusive. Furthermore, moral judgments have been conflated with the moral inclinations underlying those judgments in previous studies. Using a process dissociation approach to independently quantify the strength of utilitarian and deontological inclinations, the present study investigated the effect of alexithymia on moral judgments. We found that deontological inclinations were significantly lower in the high alexithymia group than in the low alexithymia group, whereas the difference in the utilitarian inclinations between the two groups was nonsignificant. Furthermore, empathic concern and deontological inclinations mediated the association between alexithymia and conventional relative judgments (i.e., more utilitarian judgments over deontological judgments), showing that people with high alexithymia have low empathic concern, which, in turn, decreases deontological inclinations and contributes to conventional relative judgments. These findings underscore the importance of empathy and deontological inclinations in moral judgments and indicate that individuals with high alexithymia make more utilitarian judgments over deontological judgments possibly due to a deficit in affective processing.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/complicações , Julgamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Empatia , Teoria Ética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 56, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Lebanon, it is already established that mental disorders are prevalent among the population. Lebanese people are active users of social media platforms. To date, no study has previously explored the relationship between mental health and social media use disorder in Lebanon. The present study aims to learn more about the link between social media use disorder and loneliness among Lebanese people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out between January and December 2018. It enrolled 456 residents of the community randomly selected from Lebanon's governorates in a proportionate rate. RESULTS: The results showed that 107 (23.7%) participants were classified as having social media use disorder. The results of a stepwise linear regression, taking the loneliness score as the dependent variable, showed that female gender compared to males (Beta = 0.42), having a secondary level of education compared to illiteracy (Beta = 0.65), higher social media use disorder (Beta = 0.03) and higher insomnia (Beta = 0.02) and alexithymia (Beta = 0.02) were significantly associated with higher loneliness. CONCLUSION: The present study was able to contribute to the literature and showed the association between social media use disorder and loneliness. These findings can benefit psychologists and public health practitioners in their future prevention and intervention plans.


Assuntos
Solidão/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiologia , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Prevalência
19.
Georgian Med News ; (301): 143-147, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535579

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a systemic immune-mediate disease associated with increased risk of comorbidities. Psychopathological disorders in patients with psoriasis remain poorly understood, despite the large number of publications. The aim of the study is to discuss psychological and mental disorders in patients with psoriasis and identify possible common mechanisms of pathogenesis based on the analysis of data of relevant scientific literature. The development of psoriasis is associated with the expressed negative emotions in more than half of patients. Most psoriasis patients indicate a negative impact of the disease on quality of life. The main comorbidity of psychological and psychiatric psoriasis include alexithymia, anxiety and depression including sexual and sleep disorders. Mental and psychological disorders in patients may be primary, but more often secondary to psoriasis. Studies show the involvement of inflammatory mediators (proinflammatory cytokines) and melatonin in the pathogenesis of both psoriasis and psychopathological disorders, with immune inflammation being a key link. Assessment of psychological and psychiatric status will allow timely identification of comorbid pathology and will optimize the therapeutic tactics of treating patients with psoriasis.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Psoríase , Qualidade de Vida , Ansiedade , Comorbidade , Humanos , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/psicologia
20.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study a role of executive functions in the development of organic emotionally labile (asthenic) disorder (OELD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 66 patients, aged 6 to 8 years, including 36 children with OELD and 30 children with ODD. Fatigue was assessed by parents on a 10-point digital rating scale. SNAP-IV questionnaire for evaluation of severity of behavioral disorders, the "Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire" for assessment of emotional and behavioral disorders, the anxiety test of P. Temple, M. Dorkey and V. Amen, A.R. Luria test for auditory-speech memory and the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA) were used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A significantly greater severity of cognitive and emotional impairment in the group of children with OELD is identified. The data suggest that if the insufficiency of functions regulating the activation of behavior and impaired cognitive control of behavior is important in the pathogenesis of OELD, then behavioral self-regulation disorders associated with emotional reinforcement play a leading role in children with ODD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Função Executiva , Sintomas Afetivos , Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo , Criança , Emoções , Humanos
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