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BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 3, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407846


BACKGROUND: Severe asthma affects a small population but carries a high psychopathological risk. Therefore, the psychodemographic profile of these patients is of interest. A substantial prevalence of anxiety, depression, alexithymia and hyperventilation syndrome in severe asthma is known, but contradictory results have been observed. These factors can also affect patients' quality of life. For this reasons, our purpose is to evaluate the psychodemographic profile of patients with severe asthma and assess the prevalence of anxiety, depression, alexithymia and hyperventilation syndrome and their impact on the quality of life of patients with severe asthma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 63 patients with severe asthma. Their psychodemographic profile was evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Nijmegen questionnaire and Asthma Control Test (ACT) to determine the state of anxiety and depression, alexithymia, hyperventilation syndrome and control of asthma, respectively. Quality of life was assessed with the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Mini-AQLQ). RESULTS: The mean age was 60 ± 13.6 years. Personal psychopathological histories were found in 65.1% of participants, and 8% reported previous suicidal attempts. The rate of anxiety and/or depression (HADS ≥ 11) was 68.3%. These patients present higher scores on the TAS-20 (p < 0.001) for the level of dyspnea (p = 0.021), and for emotional function (p = 0.017) on the Mini-AQLQ, compared with patients without anxiety or depression. Alexithymia (TAS-20 ≥ 61) was observed in 42.9% of patients; these patients were older (p = 0.037) and had a higher HADS score (p = 0.019) than patients with asthma without alexithymia. On the other hand, patients with hyperventilation syndrome (Nijmegen ≥ 23) scored higher on the HADS (p < 0.05), on the Mini-AQLQ (p = 0.002) and on the TAS-20 (p = 0.044) than the group without hyperventilation syndrome. Quality of life was related to anxiety-depression symptomatology (r = - 0.302; p = 0.016) and alexithymia (r = - 0.264; p = 0.036). Finally, the Mini-AQLQ total score was associated with the Nijmegen questionnaire total score (r = - 0.317; p = 0.011), and the activity limitation domain of the Mini-AQLQ correlated with the ACT total score (r = 0.288; p = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of anxiety, depression, alexithymia and hyperventilation syndrome is high in patients with severe asthma. Each of these factors is associated with a poor quality of life.

Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Asma/psicologia , Hiperventilação/psicologia , Transtornos do Humor/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Asma/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hiperventilação/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Humor/epidemiologia
Psychiatry Res ; 296: 113692, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421841


The current study examined the impact of the lockdown due to the Covid-19 disease on mood state and behaviours of children and adolescents with ADHD. Nine hundred ninety-two parents of children and adolescents with ADHD filled out an anonymous online survey through the ADHD family association website. The survey investigated the degree of severity of six emotional and mood states (sadness, boredom, little enjoyment/interest, irritability, temper tantrums, anxiety) and five disrupted behaviours (verbal and physical aggression, argument, opposition, restlessness) based on their frequency/week (absent; low: 1-2 days/week; moderate: 3-4 days/week; severe: 5-7 days/week) before and during the lockdown. Important fluctuations were found in all dimensions during the lockdown independently by the severity degree. Subjects with previous low severity degree of these behaviors significantly worsened in almost all dimensions during the lockdown. On the contrary, ADHD patients with moderate and severe degree showed important improvement during the lockdown. Little enjoyment/interests and boredom resulted the dimensions more strongly affected by the condition of restriction, overall in children. Children vs. adolescents showed substantially similar trend but the former resulted significantly more vulnerable to emotive changes. The results provided both the individuation of domains affected, and the indirect benefits produced by restriction condition.

Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Isolamento Social , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Tédio , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Humor Irritável , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
Yonsei Med J ; 61(10): 880-890, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975063


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in language ability and emotional-behavioral problems according to the severity of social communication impairments (SCI) and restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We grouped 113 children with ASD aged 3-12 years according to the severity of SCI and RRB, and investigated language differences and emotional-behavioral problems among the severity groups. If differences in language abilities between the groups were observed, they were further subdivided to examine possible predictors of both receptive and expressive language abilities. RESULTS: In cluster analyses using subdomains of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-revised, severe SCI individuals showed lower language ability than their milder counterparts, while RRB showed no differences. Receptive and expressive language in the severe SCI group was negatively predicted by social communication and social motivation, respectively. The severe RRB group showed significantly higher levels of anxiety/distress, somatic complaints, thought problems, attention problems, and aggressive behavior, while the severe SCI group was reported to be more withdrawn. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the severity of SCI greatly affects language ability. In children with severe SCI, social communication and social motivation negatively predicted receptive language and expressive language, respectively. Children with severe RRB may have more emotional-behavioral problems that require active intervention.

Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/psicologia , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Idioma , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/epidemiologia , Masculino , Comportamento Problema , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238309, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866184


The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is one of the most widely used instruments for assessing the ability to recognize emotion. To examine the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the RMET and to explore the possible implications of poor performance on this task, 200 adults aged 19-32 years completed the RMET and the Korean version of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20K), the cognitive empathy domain of the Korean version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI-C), and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory-Aggression (BDHI-A). In the present study, confirmatory factor analyses confirmed that the hypothesized three-factor solution based on three different emotional valences of the items (positive, negative, or neutral) had a good fit to the data. The Korean version of the RMET also showed good test-retest reliability over a 4-week time interval. Convergent validity was also supported by significant correlations with subscales of the TAS-20K, and discriminant validity was identified by nonsignificant associations with IRI-C scores. In addition, no difference was found in RMET performance according to the sex of the photographed individuals or the sex or educational attainment of the participants. Individuals with poor RMET performance were more likely to experience alexithymia and aggression. The current findings will facilitate not only future research on emotion processing but also the assessment of conditions related to the decreased ability to decode emotional stimuli.

Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Emoções/fisiologia , Olho/fisiopatologia , Psicometria/métodos , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Empatia/fisiologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Inteligência , Masculino , Leitura , República da Coreia , Teoria da Mente/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 11-18, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195034


La pandemia COVID-19 ha conllevado un confinamiento que puede haber afectado al bienestar social y emocional en la infancia y adolescencia, como se está estudiando desde diferentes investigaciones. El presente estudio analiza las relaciones entre el estado psicológico general de los menores y los miedos a enfermedades y contagios por virus; además, valora estas relaciones en el trascurso del confinamiento y en función de la edad. Han participado 972 familias con hijos/as entre 3 y 18 años. Los resultados indican que las mayores dificultades psicológicas se centran en los problemas emocionales, los problemas de conducta y la puntuación de dificultades totales. Además, se evidencia una relación positiva entre los miedos asociados a la COVID-19 y la presencia de esos problemas en la población infanto-juvenil. Se destaca que, según avanza el confinamiento, aumenta la presencia de dificultades psicológicas y que estas afectan de manera diferencial en la infancia y en la adolescencia

Evolution of psychological state and fear in childhood and adolescence during COVID-19 lockdown. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a lockdown that may have affected social and emotional well-being in childhood and adolescence, as is being explored from different research. The present study analyses the relations between the general psychological state and the fears of diseases and virus infections. Furthermore, it assesses these relations in the course of lockdown and as a function of age. A total of 972 families with children between 3 and 18 have participated. The results indicate that the highest psychological difficulties are focused on emotional symptoms, the behavioral problems and the total difficulty score. In addition, there is a positive relation between fears associated with COVID-19 and the presence of these problems in the infant population. It should be noted that, as confinement advances, the presence of psychological difficulties increases, and these affect children and adolescents differently

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Medo/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 27-34, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195036


El confinamiento por la COVID-19 y el estrés asociado pueden afectar al bienestar infantil. Debido a lo reciente de esta situación, son limitados los estudios relacionados. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo principal describir en qué medida la situación de confinamiento afectó a los niños en su conducta, problemas de sueño y bienestar emocional. Un segundo objetivo fue identificar variables protectoras que puedan servir para paliar posibles efectos negativos por la situación en los niños. Un tercer objetivo fue estudiar la posible relación entre la percepción de gravedad y controlabilidad de los padres y las reacciones negativas en sus hijos. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 113 participantes españoles (70.5% mujeres) con hijos entre 3 y 12 años (51.8% niños). Los padres respondieron a un cuestionario online sobre las rutinas de los hijos durante la cuarentena, su bienestar emocional, problemas de sueño y su conducta. El 69.6% de los padres informaron que, durante el confinamiento, sus hijos presentaron reacciones emocionales negativas, el 31.3% problemas en el sueño y el 24.1% problemas de conducta. Los niños que invertían menos tiempo en el ejercicio físico y hacían mayor uso de pantallas presentaron un mayor número de reacciones negativas. Los niños con padres que hacían mayor uso de medidas de seguridad presentaron menos reacciones negativas. La percepción de riesgo y la gravedad de la situación por la COVID-19 no se relacionaron con las reacciones de los niños. Los datos sugieren que realizar ejercicio físico regular y limitar el uso diario de pantallas puede beneficiar a la salud mental infantil en situaciones de aislamiento

Due to the recent nature of this situation, related studies are limited. The main objective of this paper was to describe the extent to which the confinement situation affected children's behavior, sleep problems and emotional well-being. A second objective was to identify protective variables that could serve to mitigate possible negative effects of the situation on children. A third objective was to study the possible relationship between parents' perception of severity and controllability and negative reactions in their children. The sample was composed of 113 Spanish participants (70.5% women) with children between 3 and 12 years old (51.8% children). The parents answered an online questionnaire about their children's routines during quarantine, their emotional well-being, sleep problems and their behavioral. The 69.6% of the parents reported that, during confinement, their children presented negative emotional reactions, 31.3% sleep problems and 24.1% behavioral problems. Children who invested less time in physical exercise and made more use of screens had a greater number of negative reactions. Children with parents who made greater use of safety measures presented fewer negative reactions. The perception of risk and the seriousness of the situation due to COVID-19 were not related to the reactions of the children. The data suggest that regular physical exercise and limiting daily screen use may benefit children's mental health in situations of isolation

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 35-41, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195037


La pandemia debida al COVID-19 ha supuesto un gran impacto a nivel mundial. El objetivo general del presente estudio es analizar el impacto psicológico durante el confinamiento en la adolescencia y adultez emergente. La muestra fue de conveniencia (n = 399), residentes en España y República Dominicana (RD). El rango de edad abarca desde los 12 hasta los 29 años (M = 22.57; DT = 3.67). La evaluación se realizó en línea, con los siguientes instrumentos: una encuesta ad hoc para medir las variables sociodemográficas, Fear of COVID-19 Scale (Escala de Miedo al COVID-19), Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Escala del Impacto de Eventos Estresantes Revisada), The Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experience (Inventario breve de afrontamiento) y Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Cuestionario de Capacidades y Dificultades). Los resultados muestran diferencias según el grupo de edad, sexo y residencia. Los adultos presentaron más miedo al COVID-19 (p < .05) y estrés agudo que los adolescentes (p < .01), las mujeres más miedo y estrés que los hombres (p < .01) y los residentes de RD más miedo a la enfermedad que los de España (p < .01). El análisis de regresión lineal mostró que el miedo a la enfermedad fue un buen predictor del estrés agudo. En conclusión, se sugiere ampliar el estudio en estas poblaciones ante situaciones de estrés, concretamente la derivada del COVID-19, que permitan la prevención de estrés agudo y entrenamiento en estrategias de afrontamiento adaptativas frente a situaciones de crisis

The aim of this study is to analyze the psychological impact during confinement on adolescents and emerging adults. The convenience sample is composed by (n = 399) residents of Spain and the Dominican Republic (DR). The age range is 12 to 29 years old (M = 22.57; SD = 3.67). The assessment was conducted online, with the following instruments: an ad hoc survey to measure socio-demographic variables, Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, The Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experience and Strengths and Difficulties Question-naire. The results show differences by age, sex and residence. Adults reported more fear of COVID-19 (p < .05) and acute stress than adolescents (p < .01), more fear and stress in women than men (p < .01) and more fear to the disease in residents of the DR than in Spain (p < .01). Linear regression analysis showed that fear of COVID-19 was a good predictor of acute stress. In conclusion, it is suggested to expand the study in these populations in situations of stress, specifically the one derived from COVID-19, that allow the prevention of acute stress and training in adaptive coping strategies in the face of crisis situations

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Medo/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Espanha , República Dominicana , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 42-48, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195038


The implementation of measures (e.g. school closure and social distancing) to contain the spread of COVID-19 by government in numerous countries has affected millions of children and their families worldwide. However, the consequences of such measures on children's wellbeing are not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychological impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on primary school children and their families living in the UK. A total of 927 caregivers with children aged between 5 and 11 years completed an online survey which included a set of questionnaires to measure their own behaviour and emotional state as well as that of their children before and during the lockdown. Caregivers reported changes in their children's emotional state and behaviours during the lockdown. The most frequently reported child symptom was boredom (73.8%), followed by loneliness (64.5%) and frustration (61.4%). Irritability, restlessness, anger, anxiety, sadness, worry and being likely to argue with the rest of the family was reported by more than 30% of the caregivers. During the lockdown, children spent significantly more time using screens, and less time doing physical activity and sleeping. Moreover, family coexistence during the lockdown was described as moderately difficult. More than half of the caregivers reported being moderately or seriously distressed during the lockdown and caregiver level of psychological distress was significantly related to child symptoms. The findings emphasised the importance of developing prevention programmes to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children's and their family's psychological wellbeing

La implementación de medidas para contener la propagación del COVID-19 por parte del gobierno en numerosos países (por ejemplo, el cierre de colegios y el distanciamiento social) ha afectado a millones de niños y a sus familias en todo el mundo. Sin embargo, se desconocen las consecuencias de esas medidas en el bienestar de los niños. El objetivo del presente estudio fue examinar el impacto psicológico del confinamiento por COVID-19 en niños de educación primaria y en sus familias, residentes en Reino Unido. Un total de 927 padres y madres de niños de 5 a 11 años completaron una batería online compuesta por un conjunto de cuestionarios para evaluar su propio comportamiento y su estado emocional, así como el de sus hijos, antes y durante el confinamiento. Los padres informaron de cambios en el estado emocional y en el comportamiento de sus hijos. El síntoma infantil más frecuente fue el aburrimiento (73.8%), seguido del sentimiento de soledad (64.5%) y la frustración (61.4%). Más del 30% de los padres informaron de irritabilidad, inquietud, enfado, ansiedad, tristeza, preocupación y de una mayor probabilidad de discutir con el resto de la familia. Durante el confinamiento, los niños pasaban significativamente más tiempo usando pantallas y menos tiempo realizando actividad física y durmiendo. Además, la convivencia familiar se describió como moderadamente díficil. Más de la mitad de los padres informaron de niveles moderados o graves de distrés durante el confinamiento, que se relacionó significativamente con los síntomas del niño. Los hallazgos enfatizan la importancia de desarrollar programas de prevención para mitigar el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en el bienestar psicológico de los niños y sus familias

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medo/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 49-58, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195039


COVID-19 has affected learning and the outdoor activities of more than 862 million children or adolescents worldwide. This study investigated the mental health of Italian children and explored their psychological response and coping strategies in different COVID-19 epidemic severity areas, with the aims of alleviating the impacts of COVID-19, promoting targeted intervention, and reducing the risk of future psychological problems. 1074 parents of children aged 6 to 12 years old participated in an ad-hoc online survey. Among them, 40.3% were from the high-risk areas in the North, and 59.7% were from the medium/low-risk areas in the center of Italy. The results showed that, compared to the children in medium- or low-risk areas, children in the North scored significantly higher for symptoms of anxiety, moods, and cognitive changes, showing a "ripple effect" trend. Moreover, children in the northern areas used fewer task-oriented strategies and more emotion- and avoidance-oriented strategies than those in the central areas. Specifically, children in the northern areas were more likely to show acceptance and seek affection from others, while those in the central areas used more humor when their parents talked about quarantine or coronavirus. These findings provide relevant evidence and a reference point for crisis management in children's mental health

El COVID-19 ha afectado el aprendizaje y las actividades al aire libre de más de 862 millones de niños o adolescentes en todo el mundo. Este estudio investigó la salud mental de los niños italianos y exploró su respuesta psicológica y las estrategias de afrontamiento en diferentes áreas de gravedad de la epidemia de COVID-19, con el objetivo de aliviar los impactos de la misma, promover la intervención específica y reducir el riesgo de futuros problemas psicológicos. 1074 padres de niños entre 6 a 12 años de edad participaron en una encuesta ad-hoc online. De ellos, el 40,3% procedían de las zonas de alto riesgo del norte y el 59,7% de las zonas de riesgo medio/bajo del centro de Italia. Los resultados mostraron que, en comparación con los niños de las áreas de riesgo medio o bajo, los niños del norte obtuvieron una puntuación significativamente más alta en cuanto a los síntomas de ansiedad, cambios cognitivos y de estado de ánimo, mostrando una tendencia de "efecto dominó". Además, los niños de las zonas del norte utilizaron menos estrategias orientadas a las tareas y más estrategias orientadas a las emociones - y la evitación - que los de las zonas centrales. Concretamente, los niños de las zonas del norte eran más propensos a mostrar aceptación y a buscar el afecto de los demás, mientras que los de las zonas centrales usaban más el humor cuando sus padres hablaban de la cuarentena o del coronavirus. Estos hallazgos proporcionan evidencia relevante y un punto de referencia para el manejo de crisis en la salud mental de los niños

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Medo/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica/classificação , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Itália/epidemiologia
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 73-80, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195042


The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents is one of the most prevalent concerns all over the world. Adolescence is a developmental stage of high vulnerability due to the challenges this period entails. Additionally, the health emergency crisis has put adolescents even more at risk of developing mental health problems. The present study aims to examine the influence of socio-demographic and COVID-19 related variables on symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in adolescents during pandemic-related confinement in Spain. Participants were 523 adolescents (63.1% female), aged between 13 and 17 years (M=14.89 years; SD=1.13 years), who completed an ad hoc questionnaire, the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and The Oviedo Infrequency Scale (INFO-OV). A descriptive and cross-sectional study design was used, and descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results indicate that socio-demographic and COV-ID-19 related variables play a significant role in the development of emotional symptomatology in adolescents during the current pandemic. Girls more than boys, adolescents who did volunteer work and those who stayed home more often were more likely to experience depression, anxiety or stress symptoms. Experiencing a stressing life event and searching for COVID-19 related information more often was related to psychological distress. On the other hand, adolescents who were in a romantic relationship and had been infected with the coronavirus, were more likely to be mentally healthy. Further research is necessary in order to detect risk and protective variables that impact adolescent's mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic

El impacto psicológico de la pandemia de COVID-19 en niños y adolescentes es una de las preocupaciones más frecuentes en todo el mundo. La adolescencia es una etapa de desarrollo de alta vulnerabilidad debido a los desafíos que conlleva este período. Además, la crisis de emergencia sanitaria ha puesto a los adolescentes en un riesgo aún mayor de desarrollar problemas de salud mental. El objetivo del presente estudio es examinar la influencia de las variables sociodemográficas y las relacionadas con COVID-19 en los síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y estrés en los adolescentes durante el confinamiento a causa de la pandemia en España. Los participantes fueron 523 adolescentes (63,1% mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre los 13 y los 17 años (M=14.89 años; SD=1.13 años), que cumplimentaron un cuestionario ad hoc, la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS-21) y la Escala de Infrecuencia de Oviedo (INFO-OV). Se utilizó un diseño descriptivo y transversal, y se realizaron estadísticos descriptivos y análisis de regresión logística múltiple. Los resultados indican que las variables sociodemográficas y las relacionadas con la COVID-19 desempeñan un papel importante en el desarrollo de la sintomatología emocional en los adolescentes durante la pandemia. Las chicas, los adolescentes que hicieron trabajo voluntario y los que se quedaron en casa con más frecuencia tuvieron más probabilidades de experimentar síntomas de depresión, ansiedad o estrés. Se necesitan más investigaciones para detectar las variables de riesgo y de protección que afectan a la salud mental de los adolescentes durante la pandemia de COVID-19

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Medo/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais
Rev. psicol. clín. niños adolesc ; 7(3): 88-93, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195044


As this is the first time that a pandemic has occurred in our recent history, preventive interventions for children ́s emotional problems during confinement were not planned. A main goal of Super Skills for Life Program (SSL) is to provide children with skills to build emotional resilience and coping strategies for daily and difficult life situations, so examining how the program may help children to face the COVID-19 situation could be appropriate. The aim of this research was to compare parents' perception of immediate psychological reactions to confinement and coping styles in children who received the SSL program before home confinement (n = 48) with an equivalent sample of children who did not attend the program (n = 48). Another objective was to study the relationship between children's immediate psychological reactions to confinement and their coping styles. Parents (n = 96) completed an online survey providing information on sociodemographic variables, children's immediate psychological reactions (anxiety/activation, mood, sleep, behavioral alterations, eating and cognitive alterations), and children's coping styles (task-oriented, emotion-oriented, and avoidance-oriented strategies). Results indicated that the control group presented more symptoms of anxiety (p ≤ .001), worse mood (p ≤ .001), more sleep problems (p ≤ .01), and more cognitive alterations (p ≤ .01) during home confinement than children who received the program. Children in the control group were also more likely to use emotion-oriented strategies (p = .001), which were associated with presenting more psychological alterations. Although the SSL program was not created specifically for coping with the COVID-19 situation, it seems to provide children with skills to cope with this unexpected event

Puesto que ésta es la primera vez que ocurre una pandemia en nuestra historia reciente, no ha sido posible planificar intervenciones para prevenir los problemas emocionales infantiles durante el confinamiento. Un objetivo principal del programa Super Skills for Life (SSL) es proporcionar a los niños habilidades para desarrollar resiliencia emocional y hacer frente a situaciones diarias y difíciles en su vida, por lo que parece interesante examinar cómo el programa podría ayudar a los niños a afrontar la situación del COVID-19. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el impacto psicológico durante el confinamiento y los estilos de afrontamiento de los niños que recibieron el programa SSL antes del confinamiento (n = 48), en comparación con una muestra equivalente de niños que no habían recibido el programa (n = 48). La información se obtuvo a través de los padres (n = 96), quienes respondieron a unos cuestionarios online sobre variables sociodemográficas, reacciones psicológicas de los niños (ansiedad/activación, estado de ánimo, sueño, alteraciones conductuales, cambios en la alimentación y alteraciones cognitivas) y estilos de afrontamiento (orientados a la tarea, a la emoción y a la evitación). Los resultados indicaron que durante el confinamiento el grupo control presentó más síntomas de ansiedad (p ≤ .001), peor estado de ánimo (p ≤ .001), más problemas de sueño (p ≤ .01) y más alteraciones cognitivas (p ≤ .01), que los niños que recibieron el programa. Los niños del grupo control también eran más propensos a utilizar estrategias orientadas a la emoción (p = .001), que se asociaron con más alteraciones psicológicas. Aunque el programa SSL no se creó específicamente para hacer frente a la situación del COVID-19, parece proporcionar a los niños habilidades para hacer frente a este evento inesperado

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Psicoterapia/métodos , Ajustamento Emocional/classificação , Transtornos de Adaptação/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica/classificação , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Medo/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Distância Social , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784694


The relationships between dimensions of personality (sociotropy and autonomy), coping strategies (rumination: brooding and reflection subtypes, and immature defenses) and symptoms of depression and anxiety were explored in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). A total of 279 patients completed questionnaires including measures of personality dimensions, rumination, immature defenses, depression and anxiety. Our findings suggested that sociotropy and autonomy may be associated with both depressive and anxious symptoms in patients with MDD and with GAD. Multiple mediation analyses indicated that brooding always acted as a mediating link between personality vulnerabilities (sociotropy and autonomy) and depressive and anxiety symptoms, independently of the patient group. In addition, in patients with MDD and those with GAD, brooding and immature defenses functioned together by linking sociotropy and autonomy, respectively, with depressive symptoms. Our results also showed that, in patients with GAD, both types of rumination explained the relationship between sociotropy and autonomy and anxiety symptoms. Overall, our findings provided evidence of the transdiagnostic role of the brooding, linking the vulnerability of personality dimensions and emotional symptoms. They also indicated that reflection and immature defenses can operate in conjunction with brooding, depending on the type of vulnerability and emotional context.

Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Dependência Psicológica , Depressão/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pensamento
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784765


Numerous studies have shown the important role of both emotion regulation (ER) and emotion knowledge (EK) in child development. Despite the number of studies carried out on both variables, there is practically no research on the developmental relationship between these two constructs. We present a longitudinal study to explore the relationship between EK and ER in preschoolers in which we measured these variables over 3 academic years in a cohort of 108 preschool children using the Test of Emotion Comprehension (TEC) and the Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC). The ERC is divided into 2 subscales: Emotional Regulation (ER) and Lability/Negativity (L/N). Two cross-lagged models were constructed in order to examine the predictive power of ER and L/N on EK across the three time points. The results suggest that ER is an ability that precedes and predicts EK during preschool years. We also discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Regulação Emocional , Emoções , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
J. negat. no posit. results ; 5(8): 891-904, ago. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192413


OBJETIVO: Determinar el impacto del COVID-19 en las emociones de mujeres embarazadas con diabetes gestacional. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, observacional en 85 mujeres embarazadas con diabetes gestacional que asisten a el Hospital General Regional 200 del IMSS, se utilizara el instrumento la Escala de Valoración del Estado de Ánimo (EVEA) fue creado por Sanz en 2001 con una validez y fiabilidad del 0,86 y 0,92. RESULTADOS ESPERADOS: Las mujeres en gestación con diabetes gestacional muestran un impacto emocional debido a la pandemia COVID-19 y no solo por el miedo de contagiarse también el temor de tener que llegar al hospital en estas fechas de crisis a la labor de parto y que este se complique por ambas situaciones. CONCLUSIÓN: El miedo es una de las emociones más impactantes en las mujeres embarazadas en cuanto a llegar en estas fechas a ser impactada por el COVID-19, a que se manifiesten complicaciones en ellas o en su bebe, ante esta crisis por COVID-19 anticipan resultados negativos

AIM: To determine the impact of COVID-19 on the emotions of pregnant women with gestational diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational study in 85 pregnant women with gestational diabetes who attends the IMSS Regional General Hospital 200, uses the instrument The Mood Assessment Scale (EVEA) was created by Sanz in 2001 with a validity and reliability of 0.86 and 0.92. EXPECTED RESULTS: Pregnant women with gestational diabetes had an emotional impact due to the COVID-19 pandemic and not only because of the fear of catching the fear of having to go to the hospital at these times of crisis to labor and that This is complicated by both situations. CONCLUSION: Fear is one of the most shocking emotions in pregnant women in terms of reaching these days to be impacted by COVID-19, to manifest complications in them or in their baby, in the face of this crisis by COVID-19 they anticipate results negatives

Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Diabetes Gestacional/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Emoções , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Psychiatry Res ; 290: 113117, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480121


In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, most communities in the United States imposed stay-at-home orders to mitigate the spread of the novel coronavirus, potentially leading to chronic social isolation. During the third week of shelter-in-place guidelines, 1,013 U.S. adults completed the UCLA Loneliness Scale-3 and Public Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Loneliness was elevated, with 43% of respondents scoring above published cutoffs, and was strongly associated with greater depression and suicidal ideation. Loneliness is a critical public health concern that must be considered during the social isolation efforts to combat the pandemic.

Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Solidão/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Ideação Suicida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(2): 164-177, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552589


The Measurement of Psychological Mindedness: a validation study of the German version of the Balanced Index of Psychological Mindedness (BIPM) Objectives: The aim of the study is to examine central measurement properties of the translated Balanced Index of Psychological Mindedness (BIPM) within a sample of German native speakers. Methods: Factor structure, validity and reliability of the BIPM was examined using data from a community sample of 399 participants. Additionally, associations between BIPM and socio-demographic variables were tested. Results: BIPM revealed a two factor structure (Insight and Interest), comparable to the original scale. Psychological mindedness (PM) correlated negatively with alexithymia, but did not correlate with emotional or cognitive irritation. Insight, but not Interest, correlated positively with psychological flexibility. Conclusions: The German translation proved to be a reliable, valid and economical measure for PM.

Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Psicometria/normas , Tradução , Emoções , Alemanha , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(05-06): 199-205, 2020 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579310


Background and purpose: Cognitive dysfunction (CD) is a common non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Alexithy-mia is a still poorly understood neuropsychiatric feature of PD. Cognitive impairment (especially visuospatial dysfunction and executive dysfunction) and alexithymia share com-mon pathology of neuroanatomical structures. We hypo-thesized that there must be a correlation between CD and alexithymia levels considering this relationship of neuroanatomy. Objective - The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between alexithymia and neurocognitive function in patients with PD. Methods: Thirty-five patients with PD were included in this study. The Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20), Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDI) and a detailed neuropsychological evaluation were performed. Results: Higher TAS-20 scores were negatively correlated with Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) similarities test score (r =-0.71, p value 0.02), clock drawing test (CDT) scores (r=-0.72, p=0.02) and verbal fluency (VF) (r=-0.77, p<0.01). Difficulty identifying feelings subscale score was negatively correlated with CDT scores (r=-0.74, p=0.02), VF scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04), visual memory immediate recall (r=-0.74, p=0.01). VF scores were also correlated with difficulty describing feelings (DDF) scores (r=-0.66, p=0.04). There was a reverse relationship bet-ween WAIS similarities and DDF scores (r=-0.70, p=0.02), and externally oriented-thinking (r=-0.77,p<0.01). Executive function Z score was correlated with the mean TAS-20 score (r=-62, p=0.03) and DDF subscale score (r=-0.70, p=0.01). Conclusion: Alexithymia was found to be associated with poorer performance on visuospatial and executive function test results. We also found that alexithymia was significantly correlated with depressive symptoms. Presence of alexithymia should therefore warn the clinicians for co-existing CD.

Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia , Depressão/psicologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Adulto , Sintomas Afetivos/complicações , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Idoso , Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva , Depressão/complicações , Emoções , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Gerokomos (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 31(2): 86-91, jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193889


El proceso de envejecimiento y las enfermedades crónicas implican cambios vitales en el adulto mayor que suponen, en muchas ocasiones, acontecimientos estresantes que derivan en un malestar psicológico y un deterioro de la calidad de vida. La vejez es una etapa caracterizada por sentimientos de pérdidas y disminución de capacidades funcionales y afectivas. Se investiga la serenidad como estrategia de afrontamiento en relación con el apoyo psicológico y emocional para mejorar las capacidades del adulto mayor para afrontar los problemas o dificultades que conllevan las consecuencias del envejecimiento. OBJETIVO: Analizar el concepto de serenidad en relación con el apoyo psicológico y emocional del paciente crónico. METODOLOGÍA: Revisión de la bibliografía. La búsqueda se realizó en PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library y Medline. Se acotó al período 1999-2017, incluyendo aquellos estudios que solo aplican el concepto de serenidad para la promoción de la salud mental. RESULTADOS: De los 40 estudios revisados, 8 hacían referencia al envejecimiento y la cronicidad; 15 a trastornos afectivos en la cronicidad; 13 al apoyo emocional y psicológico en el paciente mayor crónico, y 4 a la serenidad y cuidado enfermero. Posteriormente al análisis se identificaron tres temas relacionados: apoyo emocional en la cronicidad, concepto de serenidad y bienestar psíquico y emocional, definiendo atributos y niveles de serenidad, apoyo emocional en la cronicidad. CONCLUSIONES: El concepto de serenidad puede representar una herramienta que fomente el bienestar psíquico y emocional del paciente mayor crónico, ayudando a aceptar y manejar la situación de salud. Resulta necesaria una mayor evidencia científica sobre el concepto y su uso en los profesionales enfermeros

The aging process and chronic diseases involve vital changes in the elderly that, in many cases, involve stressful events that lead to psychological discomfort and a deterioration in the quality of life. Old age is a stage characterized by feelings of loss and decreased functional and affective abilities. Serenity is investigated as a coping strategy in relation to psychological and emotional support to improve the abilities of the elderly to face the problems or difficulties that entail the consequences of aging. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of serenity in relation to the psychological and emotional support of the chronic patient. METHODOLOGY: Review of the literature. The search was performed in PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Medline. The 1999-2017 period was included, including those studies that only apply the concept of serenity for the promotion of mental health. RESULTS: Of the 40 studies reviewed, 8 referred to aging and chronicity; 15 to affective disorders in the chronicity; 13 to emotional and psychological support in the chronically elderly patient; 4 to serenity and nursing care. Three related topics were identified: emotional support in chronicity, the concept of serenity and psychic and emotional well-being, defining attributes and levels of serenity, emotional support in chronicity. CONCLUSIONS: The serenity can represent a tool that promotes the psychic and emotional well-being of the chronic elderly patient, helping to accept and manage the health situation. Greater scientific evidence on the concept and its use in nursing professionals is necessary

Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Apoio Social , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Enfermagem Geriátrica/métodos , Transtornos Psicóticos Afetivos/psicologia , Impacto Psicossocial , Idoso Fragilizado , Adaptação Psicológica
Ann Hum Biol ; 47(2): 116-124, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429762


Background: Little is known about what factors can modify the relationship between affective symptoms and cognitive function across the life course.Aim: To investigate a number of factors that can contribute to resilience in cognitive function in relation to affective symptoms, using data from the National Child Development Study.Subjects and methods: Adult affective symptoms were measured using the Malaise Inventory Scale (ages 23, 33, 42 and 50). Measures of immediate and delayed memory, verbal fluency and information processing accuracy (age 50) were used to derive measures of resilience in cognitive function-better than predicted cognition, when accounting for experiences of affective symptoms. Factors contributing to resilience in cognitive function were informed by a literature review and included sex, childhood cognitive ability, education, household socio-economic position (SEP), midlife SEP, and APOE genotype. Linear regression and structural equation modelling approaches were used for analyses.Results: Higher childhood cognitive ability, educational level, midlife SEP and female sex contributed to better than predicted cognitive function in relation to affective symptoms (i.e. resilience), with particularly consistent effects for memory. No effects on resilience were revealed for APOE genotype.Conclusion: Understanding factors contributing to resilience in cognitive function in those with affective symptoms can inform interventions to promote healthy cognitive ageing for those at risk.

Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Cognição , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Inglaterra , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escócia , País de Gales , Adulto Jovem